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Total 31 results found since Jan 2013.

Featured Review: Treating depression after stroke
Depression is common after stroke yet often is not detected or inadequately treated.Review authors from Australia, Canada, Taiwan and the UK asked, " Do pharmacological treatments, non ‐invasive brain stimulation, psychological treatments, or combination treatments reduce the proportion of people with depression or the extent of depressive symptoms after stroke? "The authors included trials that reported on the use of pharmacological, non ‐invasive brain stimulation, psychological, and combination therapy interventions to treat depression after stroke. Mean age of people included in the trials ranged from 54 to 78 year...
Source: Cochrane News and Events - January 28, 2020 Category: Information Technology Authors: Katie Abbotts Source Type: news

Featured review: Corticosteroids for treating sepsis
The authors reviewed the evidence on the effect on death of using corticosteroids in children and adults with sepsis.Sepsis is present when an infection is complicated by organ failure. People develop rapid breathing, hypotension (low blood pressure), and mental confusion. Sepsis can interfere with the effectiveness of the body ’s corticosteroids, which serve as a key defence against infection. Corticosteroids have been given for decades to people with infection resulting from various causes.The review included 61 trials (12,192 participants). Fifty-eight trials compared corticosteroids to no corticosteroids  (placebo o...
Source: Cochrane News and Events - December 9, 2019 Category: Information Technology Authors: Katie Abbotts Source Type: news

Cochrane author ’s work acknowledged in NIHR co-production publication
Cochrane author, and joint Co-ordinating editor, Alex Pollock, of Glasgow Caledonian University has seen her ground-breaking work in co-producing a Cochrane review included in a new UK ’s National Institute of Health Research (NIHR) INVOLVE publication.Alex involved stroke survivors, carers, physiotherapists and educators in an update of a Cochrane systematic review relating to physiotherapy after stroke. Her innovative work was included inCo-production in Action Number Two, as an example of good practice in Co-production, published in November 2019 by INVOLVE. You can hear Alex talk about her work in a webinar recorded ...
Source: Cochrane News and Events - December 3, 2019 Category: Information Technology Authors: Muriah Umoquit Source Type: news

2019 Cochrane-REWARD Prize winners announced
We are pleased to announce the winners – one first place and two runners-up – of this year’s Cochrane-REWARD Prize. The Cochrane-REWARD Prize recognizes successful local or pilot initiatives that have potential to reduce research waste globally if scaled up. Cochrane has funded the prize annually since it began in 2017.The prize ceremony took place on Wednesday 9 October at the International Clinical Trials Methodology Conference in Brighton, UK. Dr Joan Marsh, Deputy Editor of The Lancet Psychiatry and member of the prize committee, was there to hand out the prizes. During the conference, each recipient also had the...
Source: Cochrane News and Events - October 18, 2019 Category: Information Technology Authors: Lydia Parsonson Source Type: news

Podcast: Pharmacotherapy for hypertension in adults 60 years or older
One of the earliest Cochrane Reviews on high blood pressure was first published in 1998, investigating treatments for the elderly. It was substantively updated for a second time in June 2019 and we asked the lead author, Vijaya Musini, from the University of British Columbia in Vancouver Canada to tell us about the evidence.High blood pressure or hypertension, which is defined as systolic blood pressure of 140 mm of mercury or more, or diastolic blood pressure of 90 mm of mercury or more, increases with age, particularly in those over 60. It raises the risk of heart attack and stroke, with systolic hypertension, which is m...
Source: Cochrane News and Events - September 16, 2019 Category: Information Technology Authors: Lydia Parsonson Source Type: news

Cochrane ’s Neurological Sciences Field launches 2019 Summer School for young physicians and trainees interested in cerebrovascular diseases
Discussions on evidence-based medicine (EBM), elements of statistics, and what is needed to appraise evidence will be conducted so that participants will be encouraged to promote clinical EBM research and systematic reviews in their professional activity to manage uncertainty.After successful completion of the course, participants will bridge the research-practice gap in a context of evidence-based education through: knowing when and how to screen for particular conditions;having an understanding of how to appraise the evidence from trials and systematic reviewsknowing how to read a Cochrane Summary of Findings Table;unde...
Source: Cochrane News and Events - June 10, 2019 Category: Information Technology Authors: Muriah Umoquit Source Type: news

Cochrane ' s 30 under 30: Ndi Euphrasia Ebai-Atuh
Cochrane is made up of  13,000 members and over 50,000 supporters come from more than 130 countries, worldwide. Our volunteers and contributors are researchers, health professionals, patients, carers, people passionate about improving health outcomes for everyone, everywhere.Cochrane is an incredible community of people who all play their part in improving health and healthcare globally. We believe that by putting trusted evidence at the heart of health decisions we can achieve a world of improved health for all.  Many  of our contributors are young people working with Cochrane as researchers, citizen scientists...
Source: Cochrane News and Events - April 12, 2019 Category: Information Technology Authors: Lydia Parsonson Source Type: news

Salt Awareness Week
' World Salt Awareness Week ' is a global event t o bring attention to salt intake and the risks to health it can bring, including high blood pressure and increased risk of stroke and heart disease. This year, the awareness week is being observed 4-10 March, 2019.Cochrane Nutrition Field' saim is to support and enable evidence-informed decision-making for nutrition policy and practice by advancing the preparation and use of high-quality, globally relevant nutrition-related Cochrane reviews. Cochrane Nutrition covers a wide spectrum of nutrition-related issues and questions, ranging from clinical to public health nutrition....
Source: Cochrane News and Events - March 6, 2019 Category: Information Technology Authors: Muriah Umoquit Source Type: news

Featured Review: Mediterranean-style diet for the prevention of cardiovascular disease
In this Q&A we asked the lead author Professor Saverio Stranges from Western University Canada to explain more about the mediterranean diet and its role in preventing cardiovascular disease following the publication of aCochrane Review on this topic. What makes a diet ‘Mediterranean’?Scientific interest in the traditional Mediterranean dietary pattern originated in the 1960s because of the observation that populations in countries of the Mediterranean region, such as Greece and Italy, had lower mortality from cardiovascular disease compared with northern European populations or the US, probably as a result of diff...
Source: Cochrane News and Events - February 27, 2019 Category: Information Technology Authors: Katie Abbotts Source Type: news

World Heart Month
In North America and elsewhere, February is   marked as ' Heart Month ' - a time to bring attention to the importance of cardiovascular health, and what we can to reduce our risk of cardiovascular disease.TheCochrane Heart Group was established in 1998. Its   aim is to prepare, maintain and promote the access of systematic reviews of the effect of interventions for treating ischaemic and all other heart diseases and preventing cardiovascular diseases. They have over 30 editors and nearly 1,000 authors. Their wide membership includes clinicians, researchers, and healthcare consumers who share an interest in generating rel...
Source: Cochrane News and Events - February 1, 2019 Category: Information Technology Authors: Muriah Umoquit Source Type: news

Podcast: Cerebrolysin for acute ischaemic stroke
When someone has an acute ischemic stroke, urgent and reliable treatments will reduce their risks of disability or dying from their brain tissue damage. The treatments used vary around the world, and a drug called cerebrolysin is widely used in post-Soviet countries, Eastern Europe, Central and Southeast Asia. In April 2017, the latest update of this review was published by researchers from Kazan Federal University in Russia and Chinara Razzakova, a PhD student from the university interviewed one of the authors, Liliya Eugenevna, for this podcast." This Cochrane Review is about a medicine called cerebrolysin, which is used...
Source: Cochrane News and Events - January 10, 2019 Category: Information Technology Authors: Lydia Parsonson Source Type: news

Podcast: Electromechanical-assisted training for improving arm function and disability after stroke
A common consequence for people who have a stroke is a reduction in their arm function. Various approaches are available to try to help and, in September 2018, the Cochrane Review for one of these, electromechanical and robot ‐assisted arm training, was updated by a team of researchers from Germany. We asked lead author, Jan Mehrholz from Dresden Medical School, to tell us about the latest findings in this podcast." More than two ‐thirds of people who have had a stroke have difficulties with reduced arm function. This can limit their ability to perform everyday activities and electromechanical and robot‐assisted arm ...
Source: Cochrane News and Events - December 10, 2018 Category: Information Technology Authors: Lydia Parsonson Source Type: news

Featured Review: Very early versus delayed mobilisation after stroke
Does very early and active mobilisation improve recovery after stroke?Care in a stroke unit is recommended for people soon after a stroke, and results in an improved chance of surviving, returning home, and regaining independence. Very early mobilisation (helping people to get up out of bed very early, and more often after the onset of stroke symptoms) is performed in some stroke units, and is recommended in many acute stroke clinical guidelines. However, the impact of very early mobilisation on recovery after stroke is not clear.This review identified nine trials (2958 participants), although one trial (2104 participants)...
Source: Cochrane News and Events - November 26, 2018 Category: Information Technology Authors: Katie Abbotts Source Type: news

Cochrane ' s 30 under 30: Joel Pollet
Cochrane is made up of  13,000 members and over 50,000 supporters come from more than 130 countries, worldwide. Our volunteers and contributors are researchers, health professionals, patients, carers, people passionate about improving health outcomes for everyone, everywhere.Cochrane is an incredible community of people who all play their part in improving health and healthcare globally. We believe that by putting trusted evidence at the heart of health decisions we can achieve a world of improved health for all.  Many  of our contributors are young people working with Cochrane as researchers, citizen scientists...
Source: Cochrane News and Events - November 13, 2018 Category: Information Technology Authors: Katie Abbotts Source Type: news

Pharmacists play vital role in improving patient health shows biggest review of evidence to date
Pharmacists serving non-hospitalised patients, such as in general practices and community pharmacies, may achieve improvements in patient health outcomes according to the most comprehensive systematic review of the scientific evidence to date.This press release originally was posted on the University of Bath website.A team of researchers led by Professor Margaret Watson from the University of Bath, working with Cochrane, NHS Education Scotland, and the Universities of Aberdeen, Brunel, California and Nottingham Trent, reviewed 116 scientific trials involving more than 40,000 patients. They compared pharmacist interventions...
Source: Cochrane News and Events - September 7, 2018 Category: Information Technology Authors: Muriah Umoquit Source Type: news

Featured Review: Electromechanical and robot ‐assisted arm training for improving activities of daily living, arm function, and arm muscle strength after stroke
Updated review: Electromechanical and robot ‐assisted arm training for improving activities of daily living, arm function, and arm muscle strength after strokeIn thisupdated review authors from Germany came together to re-assess the effects of electromechanical and robot ‐assisted arm training for improving arm function in people who have had a stroke. The review was updated from having low/very low quality evidence of benefit to high quality evidence of benefit.Electromechanical and robot ‐assisted arm training uses specialised machines to assist rehabilitation in supporting shoulder, elbow, or hand movements. Howev...
Source: Cochrane News and Events - September 6, 2018 Category: Information Technology Authors: Katie Abbotts Source Type: news

Media coverage of new Cochrane Review of Cochrane Review on omega-3 fatty acids
New evidence published today shows there is little or no effect of omega 3 supplements on our risk of experiencing heart disease, stroke or death. Below is a round-up for some of the media coverage.Fishy findings: Cochrane review finds omega-3 supplements don ' t help heartsonScimexOmega 3 supplements do not reduce risk of heart disease, stroke, or death, finds review onthe bmjOmega-3 pills and fish oil ‘useless’ for preventing diseaseonThe Times IT ' S OIL A MYTH Omega-3 and fish extracts don ’t help your heart health, researchers claim onThe SunFish oil for a healthy heart ' nonsense 'on BBC News‘Better spending...
Source: Cochrane News and Events - July 18, 2018 Category: Information Technology Authors: Muriah Umoquit Source Type: news

Scientific expert reaction to Cochrane Review on omega-3 fatty acids
This study provides no evidence to suggest that this dietary advice should change.”Read the press releaseSee the media coverageDeclared interestsProf Tim Chico: “No conflicts.”Dr Ian Johnson: “Ian Johnson has previously held honorary academic appointments in the medical school at the University of East Anglia.”Prof Tom Sanders: “Scientific governor of British Nutrition Foundation, Honorary Director of Nutrition HEART UK.”The Science Media CentreThe Science Media Centre is an independent venture working to promote the voices, stories and views from the scientific community to the news media when science is in ...
Source: Cochrane News and Events - July 17, 2018 Category: Information Technology Authors: Muriah Umoquit Source Type: news

New Cochrane health evidence challenges belief that omega 3 supplements reduce risk of heart disease, stroke or death
New evidence published today shows there is little or no effect of omega 3 supplements on our risk of experiencing heart disease, stroke or death.Omega 3 is a type of fat. Small amounts of omega 3 fats are essential for good health, and they can be found in the food that we eat. The main types of omega 3 fatty acids are; alpha ­linolenic acid (ALA), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA).  ALA is normally found in fats from plant foods, such as nuts and seeds (walnuts and rapeseed are rich sources). EPA and DHA, collectively called long chain omega 3 fats, are naturally found in fatty fish, such as s...
Source: Cochrane News and Events - July 16, 2018 Category: Information Technology Authors: Muriah Umoquit Source Type: news

World Continence Week
2019 is held between 17 and 23 June and is a global initiative run by theWorld Federation of Incontinence Patients (WFIP), with the approval of theInternational Continence Society (ICS). The vision is to help improve health, wellness and quality of life for those with continence issues, and to further establish awareness of bladder weakness, pelvic pain and other conditions that impact on the lives of patients and carers.Cochrane Incontinence works with authors to prepare, maintain and disseminate systematic reviews of the effectiveness of interventions for incontinence, including prevention, treatment and rehabilitation....
Source: Cochrane News and Events - June 18, 2018 Category: Information Technology Authors: Muriah Umoquit Source Type: news

Australian guideline developers join forces to advance Living Evidence
This news item was orginally posted on Cochrane Australia website.A new report published heralds an exciting development for evidence-based health care in Australia, with the promise of near real-time incorporation of research into evidence-based guideline recommendations now a step closer to reality. TheLiving Evidence for Australian Health Care report details the outcomes of forum hosted byCochrane Australia last month  which brought together leading experts in evidence synthesis and guideline development across several of Australia’s most pressing chronic diseases to explore opportunities for advancing ‘Livi...
Source: Cochrane News and Events - June 11, 2018 Category: Information Technology Authors: Muriah Umoquit Source Type: news

Featured Review: First-line drugs for hypertension
Thiazides best first choice for hypertensionHigh blood pressure or hypertension can increase the risk of heart attacks and stroke. One of the most important decisions in treating people with elevated blood pressure is what drug class to use first. This decision has important consequences in terms of health outcomes and cost.TheCochrane Hypertension Group, which is part ofCochrane Circulation and Breathing, updated their original 2009 Cochrane Review looking at what drug class was the best first-line choice in treating adult patients with raised blood pressure. No new trials were found in the update; keeping the total at 24...
Source: Cochrane News and Events - April 20, 2018 Category: Information Technology Authors: Muriah Umoquit Source Type: news

Life After Stroke
Throughout March theCochrane UK team will be looking at the theme of ' life after stroke. ' This will include Cochrane evidence, ongoing research and the perspectives of stroke survivors, researchers and health professionals on life after stroke from the acute phase to rehabilitation and long-term effects and adjustments.See below for a round-up of materials or follow along on Twitter with the hastag#LifeAfterStrokeBlogpostsLife after stroke: a special series from Cochrane UKCochrane EvidenceLife After Stroke: a round up of Cochrane evidenceAll of the Cochrane Reviews on stroke can be found here, in the Cochrane Library.Fi...
Source: Cochrane News and Events - February 15, 2018 Category: Information Technology Authors: Muriah Umoquit Source Type: news

Featured Review: Virtual reality for stroke rehabilitation
Many people after having a stroke have difficulty moving, thinking, and sensing. This often results in problems with everyday activities such as writing, walking, and driving. Virtual reality and interactive video gaming therapy  involves using computer-based programs designed to simulate real-life objects and events. This may have some advantages over traditional  therapy approaches as they can give people an opportunity to practice everyday activities that are not or cannot be practiced within the hospital environment and patients may spend more time in therapy as the activity might be more motivating.A team of Cochra...
Source: Cochrane News and Events - November 23, 2017 Category: Information Technology Authors: Muriah Umoquit Source Type: news

Promoting evidence-based health care in Africa
Charles Shey Wiysonge, Director ofCochane  South Africa, gave an interview to the World Health Organization Bulletin. Here is a re-post , with premission, from their  recent publication.Charles Shey Wiysonge is devoted to encouraging better use of scientific evidence for health policies and programmes in African countries. He is the director of the South African Cochrane Centre, a unit of the South African Medical Research Council, and a professor of epidemiology and biostatistics at the department of Global Health in the Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences at Stellenbosch University in South Africa. He was Chief Res...
Source: Cochrane News and Events - August 17, 2017 Category: Information Technology Authors: Muriah Umoquit Source Type: news

Featured Review: Caregiver-mediated exercises for improving outcomes after stroke
Caregiver-mediated exercises may be a promising form of therapy to add to usual care.Stroke is a major cause of acquired adult disability. Research has shown that more time spent on exercise therapy in the first weeks to months after stroke leads to better functioning and allowing early supported discharge. Due to lack of personnel and resources, in practice it is difficult to spend more time on exercise therapy in this period. One method to increase this exercise time is to involve caregivers in performing exercise training together with stroke patients. During this exercise training, a therapist coaches patient and careg...
Source: Cochrane News and Events - December 29, 2016 Category: Information Technology Authors: mumoquit at cochrane.org Source Type: news

Cochrane Priority Reviews List: December 2016 Update
Cochrane-wide prioritisation remains an important project, with over 140 priority reviews or updates have been published since it began in January 2015.The December 2016 revision of the Cochrane Priority Reviews List includes new titles from the Cochrane Airways, Anaesthesia, Dementia& Cognitive Improvement, ENT, Epilepsy, Gynaecological, Neuro-oncology and Orphan Cancers, Gynaecology& Fertility, Haematological Malignancies, Heart, Incontinence, Kidney& Transplant, Lung Cancer, Neuromuscular Disease, Oral Health, Skin, Stroke, and Urology Groups.The following titles on the list are open to new authors:Long-acti...
Source: Cochrane News and Events - December 14, 2016 Category: Information Technology Authors: mumoquit at cochrane.org Source Type: news

European Stroke Organisation in association with Cochrane Stroke seeks a Guidelines Development Support Person - flexible location
Specifications: Half time (0.5 FTE)Salary:£20,000 to £25,000Location: FlexibleApplication closing date: Friday 14 October 2016The European Stroke Organisation (ESO) is a non-for-profit organisation that aims to improve stroke care in Europe and worldwide. As part of this effort, the development of Guidelines by ESO is a major cornerstone. The Guideline Committee (GC) of ESO has a central role in this process and has recently published a standard operating procedure (SOP; availablehere), which ensures that each ESO Guideline Document is developed according to the highest standards.ESO, in association with theCochrane Stro...
Source: Cochrane News and Events - September 26, 2016 Category: Information Technology Authors: mumoquit at cochrane.org Source Type: news

Featured Review: Population-level interventions in government jurisdictions for dietary sodium reduction
National government initiatives have the potential to achieve population-wide reduction in salt intakeIn almost all countries worldwide, most people eat too much salt. This can cause high blood pressure, which can lead to health problems, such as heart disease and stroke. To reduce the amount of salt eaten, governments in many countries have developed national salt reduction initiatives. These initiatives may be individually oriented, such as providing education about salt, or structurally oriented, to improve or offset the deficiencies which prevent people from obtaining food with lower salt. As the number of population-b...
Source: Cochrane News and Events - September 15, 2016 Category: Information Technology Authors: mumoquit at cochrane.org Source Type: news

Cochrane announces funding support for 10 new Cochrane Reviews
The Cochrane Editorial Unit is pleased to announce the 10 successful titles from the second Cochrane Review Support Programme (CRSP) funding round.Delayed antibiotics for respiratory infections (Acute Respiratory Infections Group) Bisphosphonates and other bone agents for breast cancer (Breast Cancer Group)Psychological therapies for the treatment of mental disorders in low- and middle-income countries affected by humanitarian crises (Common Mental Disorders Group)Drug eluting stents versus bare metal stents for acute coronary syndrome (Heart Group)Withdrawal of antihypertensive drugs in older people (Hypertension Group)Ph...
Source: Cochrane News and Events - June 27, 2016 Category: Information Technology Authors: nowens at cochrane.org Source Type: news

International Clinical Trials' Day 2016
International Clinical Trials' Day is celebrated around the world each year on or close to 20 May, commemorating the day in 1747 on which James Lind began the first known controlled trial, comparing different treatments for scurvy then in common use among sailors in the British Royal Navy. (Watch a video explaining the trial to see history in the making.) International Clinical Trials' Day seeks to raise awareness of the importance of research to health care, and draw attention to ways in which the research can become more relevant to practice.The European Clinical Research Infrastructures Network (ECRIN) helps to co-ordin...
Source: Cochrane News and Events - May 19, 2016 Category: Information Technology Authors: mumoquit at cochrane.org Source Type: news