Query: stroke

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Source: NeuroRehabilitation

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Total 176 results found since Jan 2013.

Game-based hand resistance exercise versus traditional manual hand exercises for improving hand strength, motor function, and compliance in stroke patients: A multi-center randomized controlled study.
CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, we demonstrated that game-based exercise is more effective than manual exercise in improving muscle strength, motor function, and compliance in stroke patients. PMID: 31498145 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - September 10, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Efficacy of end-effector robot-assisted gait training in subacute stroke patients: Clinical and gait outcomes from a pilot bi-centre study.
CONCLUSIONS: Both rehabilitation treatments produce promising effects in subacute stroke patients. RAGT device offers a more intensive, controlled, and physiological gait training and significantly improved deambulation. PMID: 31498139 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - September 10, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

An exploratory investigation of the effect of naturalistic light on fatigue and subjective sleep quality in stroke patients admitted for rehabilitation: A randomized controlled trial.
CONCLUSIONS: Fatigue was significantly reduced in rehabilitation patients exposed to naturalistic lighting during admission. PMID: 31498136 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - September 10, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Ultrasound imaging of upper extremity spastic muscle post-stroke and the correlation with function: A pilot study.
CONCLUSIONS: An objective method of quantifying spasticity can assist in determining if functional gains made post stroke are due to compensations in movement, or due to physiological changes. Ultrasound imaging may be used as an alternative to the Modified Ashworth score to quantify muscular parameters in spastic muscles post stroke. PMID: 31498134 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - September 10, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Effectiveness of home-based carer-assisted in comparison to hospital-based therapist-delivered therapy for people with stroke: A randomised controlled trial.
CONCLUSIONS: The home-based carer-assisted therapy is as effective as the hospital-based therapist-delivered training in improving post-stroke functions and quality of life. PMID: 31450518 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - August 28, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Functional activities habits in chronic stroke patients: A perspective based on ICF framework.
CONCLUSIONS: Chronic stroke patients have limitations in activity and restrictions to participation, even after few years of stroke onset, particularly regarding applying knowledge, use of communication devices, domestic life, major life areas and community, social and civic life. PMID: 31450517 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - August 28, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Swallowing evaluation in patients without restriction of oral food three months after ischemic stroke.
CONCLUSION: No significant changes in swallowing dynamics were found in patients with no dysphagia symptoms and no restriction of food intake three months after isquemic stroke. PMID: 31450522 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - August 28, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Quantification of grip strength with complexity analysis of surface electromyogram for hemiplegic post-stroke patients.
CONCLUSIONS: A negative correlation between MAS and MMSE shows higher spasticity can lead to reduced complexity in sEMG. Thus, MMSE based complexity analysis can be used as an indicator of spasticity, affecting grip function. PMID: 31403956 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - August 14, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Multidimensional evaluation of changes in limb function following botulinum toxin injection in persons with stroke.
CONCLUSION: BONT-A improved scores in most clinical measures but only in some of the objective gait/balance and physical activity measures. Further robust studies should utilize a larger sample size to better determine the benefits of BoNT-A for stroke-related spasticity. PMID: 31403954 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - August 14, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Effectiveness of somatosensory interventions on somatosensory, motor and functional outcomes in the upper limb post-stroke: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: To date, there is moderate evidence suggesting active somatosensory interventions having a beneficial effect on upper limb impairment and very low quality evidence suggesting passive somatosensory interventions improving upper limb light touch sensation. There is a need for further well-designed trials of somatosensory rehabilitation post stroke. PMID: 31256086 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - July 2, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Cognitive-motor exergaming for reducing fall risk in people with chronic stroke: A  randomized controlled trial.
CONCLUSION: Cognitive-motor exergaming appears to be effective for improving balance control and cognition and could be implemented in clinical stroke rehabilitation settings. PMID: 31256084 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - July 2, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Lower extremity position test: A new clinical quantitative assessment tool of proprioception post stroke.
CONCLUSIONS: The Lower Extremity Position Test (LEPT) is a newly-developed testing tool with good clinical utility, reliable in post-stroke population and has known-group validity (involved versus uninvolved foot). PMID: 31256083 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - July 2, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Effect of aquatic versus land motor dual task training on balance and gait of  patients with chronic stroke: A randomized controlled trial.
CONCLUSION: Aquatic motor dual task training is more effective in improving balance and gait abilities of patients with chronic stroke than land motor dual task training. PMID: 31256082 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - July 2, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

The effects of cycling with and without functional electrical stimulation on lower limb dysfunction in patients post-stroke: A systematic review with meta-analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: It appears that cycling has a positive effect on walking speed, walking ability and balance. Functional electrical stimulation combined with cycling has positive effects on balance beyond cycling alone. PMID: 31227660 [PubMed - in process]
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - June 24, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Misperception of the subjective visual vertical in neurological patients with or without stroke: A meta-analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: Neurological patients showed a misperception of the verticality, estimated using the SVV. The neurological pathology that most alters the SVV is stroke. PMID: 31227659 [PubMed - in process]
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - June 24, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

How effective are treatments for anxiety after stroke? - A Cochrane Review summary with commentary.
Authors: Knapp P Abstract  The aim of this commentary is to discuss in a rehabilitation perspective the published Cochrane Review "Interventions for treating anxiety after stroke" by Knapp, Campbell Burton, Holmes, Murray, Gillespie, Lightbody, Watkins, Chun, & Lewis1, under the direct supervision of the Cochrane Stroke Group. This Cochrane Corner is produced in agreement with NeuroRehabilitation by Cochrane Rehabilitation. PMID: 31177247 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - June 11, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

The comparison of clinical and computerized measurement of sitting balance in stroke patients and healthy individuals.
CONCLUSIONThe results of this study implies that both the computerized and clinical sitting balance measurements can be used objectively for the assessment of sitting balance but the computerized methods might be preferable due to requiring shorter time with less intra-tester variability. PMID: 31177240 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - June 11, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Effect of a dual-task program with different cognitive tasks applied to stroke patients: A pilot randomized controlled trial.
CONCLUSIONS: Dual-task training using various cognitive tasks had a greater positive effect than conventional occupational therapy on auditory attention, memory span, executive function, and balance. PMID: 31006694 [PubMed - in process]
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - April 23, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Translation and validation of the stroke specific quality of life scale into Arabic.
CONCLUSIONS: SSQOL-A has good validity and reliability for patients with mild to moderate stroke. PMID: 31006693 [PubMed - in process]
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - April 23, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Effectiveness of occupation-based interventions on performance's quality for hemiparetic stroke in community-dwelling: A randomized clinical trial study.
CONCLUSIONS: Based on the results of this study, occupation-based intervention has positive effects on quality of performing daily activities and occupational activities independently in persons with hemiparetic stroke. PMID: 31006690 [PubMed - in process]
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - April 23, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Soymilk ingestion immediately after therapeutic exercise enhances rehabilitation outcomes in chronic stroke patients: A randomized controlled trial.
CONCLUSION: Compared with rehabilitation alone, the 8-week rehabilitation program combined with immediate soymilk ingestion further improved walking speed, exercise endurance, grip strength, and muscle functionality in chronic stroke patients. PMID: 30856124 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - March 13, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Temporal characteristics of laryngeal penetration and aspiration in stroke patients.
CONCLUSIONS: The timing of PA can be classified as before and during the swallow with significantly different temporal characteristics. The horizontal movement of hyoid is the most important factor associated with the pathophysiology of PA in stroke patients. PMID: 30856123 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - March 13, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

The sensitivity and specificity of the balance evaluation systems test-BESTest in determining risk of fall in stroke patients.
CONCLUSION: BESTest is reliable and valid with high sensitivity and specificity in determining the risk of fall in stroke patients. PMID: 30814369 [PubMed - in process]
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - March 4, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

The effects of balance and gait function on quality of life of stroke patients.
CONCLUSION: Balance and gait function must all be considered in order to improve the quality of life of stroke patients. PMID: 30741699 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - February 13, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

A stimulus for eating. The use of neuromuscular transcutaneous electrical stimulation in patients affected by severe dysphagia after subacute stroke: A pilot randomized controlled trial.
CONCLUSIONS: Laryngopharyngeal neuromuscular electrical stimulation may be considered as an additional and effective treatment option for dysphagia after stroke. PMID: 30714980 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - February 6, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Relationship between the rate of force development in knee extensor muscles and gait speed in patients with chronic stroke: A cross-sectional study.
CONCLUSIONS: The present results suggest that various factors related to the RFD of affected knee extensor muscles, such as neural drive and muscle size, affect gait speed. PMID: 30400113 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - November 9, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Do trunk exercises improve trunk and upper extremity performance, post stroke? A systematic review and meta-analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: Trunk exercises improve trunk performance for people with acute, subacute and chronic strokes. As yet there is no evidence to support the effect of trunk exercise on upper limb function. PMID: 30400112 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - November 9, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Initial severity of somatosensory impairment influences response to upper limb sensory retraining post-stroke.
CONCLUSIONS: The effect of somatosensory retraining on post-treatment sensation was proportional to the extent of upper limb initial somatosensory impairment. Findings suggest sensory retraining can benefit stroke survivors of varying severity of sensory impairment, including those with more severe somatosensory loss. PMID: 30400111 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - November 9, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Mobility, balance and balance confidence - correlations with daily living of individuals with and without mild proprioception deficits post-stroke.
CONCLUSIONS: Mild proprioception deficits seem to be a confounding factor for explaining daily living at the chronic stage post-stroke. Proprioception screening is recommended for clinical practice and future research. PMID: 30175987 [PubMed - in process]
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - September 5, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

A non-task-oriented approach based on high-dose playful movement exploration for rehabilitation of the upper limb early after stroke: A proposal.
CONCLUSIONS: A focus on movement quality, rather than task completion, practiced at high intensity and dosage in an enriching environment may be the training approach that best exploits the sensitive period early after stroke in order to amplify the generalized gains seen with spontaneous biological recovery. PMID: 30056438 [PubMed - in process]
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - July 31, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

The use of robots in stroke rehabilitation: A narrative review.
CONCLUSIONS: Based on this synthesis, we suggest that robotic rehabilitation tools are neither the standard of care, nor entirely experimental, but rather a clinically innovative therapy of some utility. PMID: 30056437 [PubMed - in process]
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - July 31, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Implementing biomarkers to predict motor recovery after stroke.
CONCLUSIONS: Active, theoretically underpinned implementation strategies are needed to ensure that biomarkers are successfully used in clinical practice for predicting motor outcomes after stroke, and should be considered in parallel with biomarker development. PMID: 30056436 [PubMed - in process]
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - July 31, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Brain-machine interfaces for rehabilitation in stroke: A review.
CONCLUSIONS: Despite encouraging results, motor rehabilitation based on BMIs is still in a preliminary stage, and further improvements are required to boost its efficacy. Invasive and hybrid approaches are promising and might set the stage for the next generation of stroke rehabilitation therapies. PMID: 30056435 [PubMed - in process]
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - July 31, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Moving stroke rehabilitation forward: The need to change research.
CONCLUSIONS: There is an urgent need for high-quality, explanatory trials in the first three months post stroke. These trials should preferably stratify patients based on their initial potential for reactive neurobiological recovery, measure recovery repeatedly at fixed times post stroke, and differentiate in their outcomes between behavioural restitution and compensation of functions. PMID: 30056434 [PubMed - in process]
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - July 31, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Vestibular rehabilitation training in patients with subacute stroke: A preliminary randomized controlled tria.
CONCLUSION: VR could be included into a rehabilitation program for patients with stroke for improving their gait and dynamic balance acting on their vestibular system as facilitator of recovery. PMID: 30040765 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - July 25, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Error-augmented bimanual therapy for stroke survivors.
CONCLUSIONS: This modest advantage of error augmentation was detectable over a short interval encouraging further research in interactive self-rehabilitation systems that can enhance error motor recovery. PMID: 30040762 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - July 25, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

NeuroRehabilitation: New conceptsin stroke rehabilitation.
Authors: Harvey RL PMID: 30040761 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - July 25, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

The effects of robot-assisted gait training using virtual reality and auditory stimulation on balance and gait abilities in persons with stroke.
CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study showed improve balance and gait abilities after VRGT compared with general physical therapy and were found to be effective in enhancing the functional activity of persons with stroke. PMID: 30040760 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - July 25, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Hemianopia after stroke: A randomised controlled trial of the effectivenessof a standardised versus an individualised rehabilitation program, on scanning ability whilst walking1.
CONCLUSIONS: A standardized intervention of static scanning and mobility training improved QOL. Allocation of resources to visual rehabilitation services point towards the implementation of more mobility practice over a longer period of time. PMID: 30040755 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - July 25, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Sleep disturbances negatively affect balance and gait function in post-stroke patients.
CONCLUSIONS: Our study showed that sleep disturbances negatively affected functional outcomes, especially balance and gait function. Therefore, sleep problems should be controlled to improve outcomes in stroke patients. PMID: 30040752 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - July 25, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Been there, done that, so what's next for arm and hand rehabilitation in stroke?
CONCLUSIONS: The good news is that there is evidence that we learned from the past and have invented a future that appears to be much more exciting and promising than the past. PMID: 29991146 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - July 13, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Usability of the Thera-Band ® to improve foot drop in stroke survivors.
CONCLUSIONS: The results show that ankle Thera-Band® use may have a positive effect in improving gait parameters by increasing the ankle stability in stroke survivors with foot drop. Its usefulness in the rehabilitation of foot drop in stroke survivors needs to be further investigated. PMID: 29660954 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - April 19, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Impact of balance on functional independence after stroke: A cross-sectional study at rehabilitation settings in Nigeria.
CONCLUSION: The goal of attaining functional independence after stroke may depend to a significant extent on good balance function irrespective of the stroke survivor's age, sex and post-stroke duration. PMID: 29660950 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - April 19, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

The cardiac autonomic nervous system response to different daily demands among patients at the sub-acute phase post ischemic stroke and healthy controls.
CONCLUSION: Patients post-stroke experience hyper sympathetic function at rest and less adaptive cardiac autonomic control during different activities, which all may have an impact on rehabilitation outcomes. PMID: 29660948 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - April 19, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Vagus nerve stimulation paired with tactile training improved sensory function in a chronic stroke patient.
CONCLUSIONS: Sensory function significantly improved in this man following VNS paired with tactile stimulation. This approach merits further study in controlled clinical trials. PMID: 29562561 [PubMed - in process]
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - March 28, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Effect of chin tuck against resistance exercise on patients with dysphagia following stroke: A randomized pilot study.
CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated that CTAR is effective in improving the pharyngeal swallowing function in patients with dysphagia after stroke. Therefore, we recommend CTAR as a new remedial training alternative to HLE. PMID: 29562558 [PubMed - in process]
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - March 28, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Evaluation of gait symmetry using a tri-axial accelerometer in stroke patients.
CONCLUSIONS: It was clear that LI during gait was effective at evaluating gait symmetry and balance. LI was indicated to be useful in evaluating gait in patients with stroke. PMID: 29562555 [PubMed - in process]
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - March 28, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Comparative effects of robotic-assisted gait training combined with conventional physical therapy on paretic hip joint stiffness and kinematics between subacute and chronic hemiparetic stroke.
CONCLUSIONS: RAGT combine with conventional physical therapy may be useful when selecting therapeutic interventions to improve the active torque, resistive torque, and stiffness in the paretic hip flexion phase in patients with chronic hemiparetic stroke who reached a plateau in the maximum locomotor recovery after conventional locomotor training. PMID: 29562554 [PubMed - in process]
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - March 28, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Reproducibility of gait kinematics and kinetics in chronic stroke patients.
CONCLUSIONS: The reproducibility of movement assessment through three-dimensional gait analysis appears excellent in chronic stroke patients. PMID: 29400674 [PubMed - in process]
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - February 7, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

French validation of the Stroke Specific Quality of Life Scale (SS-QoL).
CONCLUSION: The French version of the SS-QoL is a valid, reliable and moderately responsive instrument. PMID: 29400672 [PubMed - in process]
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - February 7, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research