Query: stroke

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Source: JAMA Neurology
Condition: Obesity

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Total 6 results found since Jan 2013.

A Promising Skills-Based Intervention to Reduce Blood Pressure in Individuals With Stroke and Transient Ischemic Attack
Globally, stroke is the second leading cause of death and third leading cause of disability. More than 74% of the burden of stroke has been attributed to smoking, poor diet, and low physical activity, while more than 72% has been attributed to metabolic risk factors (high plasma glucose, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, overweight and obesity, and kidney disease). These are all risk factors that are modifiable with appropriate treatment or change in lifestyle behaviors.
Source: JAMA Neurology - October 8, 2018 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Migraine and the Risk of Carotid Artery Dissection
Stroke incidence is increasing among patients aged 40 to 60 years —faster than in older age cohorts. Preliminary evidence suggests that ischemic stroke—not hemorrhage or subarachnoid hemorrhage—accounts for the increase. Many speculate that increasing incidences of classic vascular risk factors among young patients contribute to the increased incidence of st roke. Certainly, we are all aware of the obesity epidemic and continued prevalence of smoking, leading to premature atherosclerosis. Furthermore, equally relevant causes of stroke in the young include migraine, drug abuse, cervical arterial dissections, patent fo...
Source: JAMA Neurology - March 6, 2017 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Improved Outcomes in Asymptomatic Obstructive Sleep Apnea
This study enrolled 1522 randomly selected, employed research subjects and observed them for 2 decades. The goal of WSCS was to answer one aspect of a US Congressional mandate to determine the overall public burden of sleep d isorders. The WSCS had a surprising finding: mild OSA was seen in 17% of adults, and, most concerning, 6% of adults had moderate to severe OSA. The WSCS finding most relevant to the current USPSTF recommendation statement is that only 35% of WSCS participants with moderate OSA and 37% of participant s with severe OSA reported excessive daytime sleepiness, the cardinal daytime symptom of OSA. This sugg...
Source: JAMA Neurology - January 24, 2017 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Proton Pump Inhibitors and Dementia Incidence
To the Editor I read with interest the article by Gomm et al investigating the association of proton pump inhibitors and dementia. The authors are to be commended for their large data set, analysis, and detailed proposed pathophysiologic mechanism by which this association might occur. However, 2 important medical comorbidities seem to be missing from their study: gastroesophageal reflux disease and obstructive sleep apnea. Both of these comorbidities can cause cognitive issues, especially in those with apolipoprotein E genetic variants and those who have had a stroke. Gastroesophageal reflux disease would constitute the r...
Source: JAMA Neurology - June 20, 2016 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Obesity, Oral Contraceptive Use, and Cerebral Venous Thrombosis
Cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) is an uncommon cause of stroke that primarily affects young adults. A unique risk factor profile and plurality of presenting features make it an elusive diagnosis unless a high index of suspicion is maintained. It comprises approximately 0.5% to 1% of all strokes, and widespread availability of magnetic resonance imaging has made recognition easier. The International Study on Cerebral Vein and Dural Sinus Thrombosis is the largest prospective, multinational, observational study of patients with CVT to date, including 624 consecutive patients with symptomatic CVT at 89 centers between May ...
Source: JAMA Neurology - March 15, 2016 Category: Neurology Source Type: research