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Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association
Procedure: Ultrasound

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Total 6 results found since Jan 2013.

Comparison of Carotid Plaque Score and Coronary Artery Calcium Score for Predicting Cardiovascular Disease Events: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis Epidemiology
BackgroundCoronary artery calcium (CAC) predicts coronary heart disease (CHD) events better than carotid wall plaque presence; however, differences in the utility of CAC burden and carotid plaque burden across the spectrum of cardiovascular disease (CVD) events is unknown.Methods and ResultsCVD, CHD and stroke/transient ischemic attack (TIA) events were evaluated prospectively in a multiethnic cohort without CVD at baseline. Carotid plaque score was determined by the number of ultrasound‚Äźdetected plaques in the common, bifurcation, and internal carotid artery segments. CAC was detected by computed tomography. Predictive ...
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - February 14, 2017 Category: Cardiology Authors: Gepner, A. D., Young, R., Delaney, J. A., Budoff, M. J., Polak, J. F., Blaha, M. J., Post, W. S., Michos, E. D., Kaufman, J., Stein, J. H. Tags: Epidemiology, Primary Prevention, Risk Factors, Computerized Tomography (CT), Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) Original Research Source Type: research

Carotid Atherosclerosis and Cerebral Microbleeds: The Framingham Heart Study Epidemiology
Conclusions Cumulative vascular risk factor exposure may increase the risk of CMB, especially in deep regions. The apparent paradoxical association of carotid intima–media thickness progression with lower risk of CMB may reflect benefits of intensive vascular risk factor treatment among persons with higher cardiovascular risk and deserves further investigation. If replicated, the results may have potential implications for assessment of preventive and therapeutic interventions for subclinical cerebral hemorrhage.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - March 18, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Romero, J. R., Preis, S. R., Beiser, A., DeCarli, C., D'Agostino, R. B., Wolf, P. A., Vasan, R. S., Polak, J. F., Seshadri, S. Tags: Epidemiology, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), Ultrasound, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke, Atherosclerosis Source Type: research

Thrombolytic Recanalization of Carotid Arteries Is Highly Dependent on Degree of Stenosis, Despite Sonothrombolysis Stroke
Conclusions In this model, the degree of carotid stenosis had a large effect on thrombolytic recanalization. Sonothrombolysis using standard parameters for intracranial sonothrombolysis did not increase recanalization. Further testing is warranted. The degree of underlying stenosis may be an important predictor of thrombolytic recanalization, and clinical correlation of these findings may provide new approaches to treatment selection for patients with carotid occlusion.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - February 23, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Tomkins, A. J., Hood, R. J., Pepperall, D., Null, C. L., Levi, C. R., Spratt, N. J. Tags: Ultrasound, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke, Stenosis, Thrombosis Source Type: research

Long-Term Prognostic Risk in Lower Extremity Peripheral Arterial Disease as a Function of the Number of Peripheral Arterial Lesions Health Services and Outcomes Research
Conclusions Among PAD patients, a greater number of lesions is associated with an increased risk of an adverse prognosis over 3 years of follow-up. Assessing the number of lower extremity lesions might serve as a simple risk-stratification tool at initial PAD diagnosis.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - October 26, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Smolderen, K. G., van Zitteren, M., Jones, P. G., Spertus, J. A., Heyligers, J. M., Nooren, M. J., Vriens, P. W., Denollet, J. Tags: Health Services and Outcomes Research Source Type: research

Anti-Inflammatory Immune Skewing Is Atheroprotective: Apoe-/-Fc{gamma}RIIb-/- Mice Develop Fibrous Carotid Plaques Vascular Medicine
Conclusions We hypothesized that removal of FcRIIb would exacerbate atherosclerosis and generate unstable plaques. However, we found that deletion of FcRIIb on a congenic C57BL/6 background induces an anti-inflammatory Treg/M2 polarization that is atheroprotective.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - December 16, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Harmon, E. Y., Fronhofer, V., Keller, R. S., Feustel, P. J., Zhu, X., Xu, H., Avram, D., Jones, D. M., Nagarajan, S., Lennartz, M. R. Tags: Vascular Medicine Source Type: research

Choosing Wisely for Syncope: Low-Value Carotid Ultrasound Use Health Services and Outcomes Research
Conclusions These data suggest that carotid ultrasound for patients with uncomplicated syncope are still commonly ordered and may be an easy target for institutions striving to curtail low-value care.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - August 13, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Scott, J. W., Schwartz, A. L., Gates, J. D., Gerhard-Herman, M., Havens, J. M. Tags: Health Services and Outcomes Research Source Type: research