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Total 17 results found since Jan 2013.
Comparison of Carotid Plaque Score and Coronary Artery Calcium Score for Predicting Cardiovascular Disease Events: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis Epidemiology
BackgroundCoronary artery calcium (CAC) predicts coronary heart disease (CHD) events better than carotid wall plaque presence; however, differences in the utility of CAC burden and carotid plaque burden across the spectrum of cardiovascular disease (CVD) events is unknown.Methods and ResultsCVD, CHD and stroke/transient ischemic attack (TIA) events were evaluated prospectively in a multiethnic cohort without CVD at baseline. Carotid plaque score was determined by the number of ultrasound‐detected plaques in the common, bifurcation, and internal carotid artery segments. CAC was detected by computed tomography. Predictive ...
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - February 14, 2017 Category: Cardiology Authors: Gepner, A. D., Young, R., Delaney, J. A., Budoff, M. J., Polak, J. F., Blaha, M. J., Post, W. S., Michos, E. D., Kaufman, J., Stein, J. H. Tags: Epidemiology, Primary Prevention, Risk Factors, Computerized Tomography (CT), Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) Original Research Source Type: research
Beta-Blocker Use Is Associated With Impaired Left Atrial Function in Hypertension Hypertension
BackgroundImpaired left atrial (LA) mechanical function is present in hypertension and likely contributes to various complications, including atrial arrhythmias, stroke, and heart failure. Various antihypertensive drug classes exert differential effects on central hemodynamics and left ventricular function. However, little is known about their effects on LA function.Methods and ResultsWe studied 212 subjects with hypertension and without heart failure or atrial fibrillation. LA strain was measured from cine steady‐state free‐precession cardiac MRI images using feature‐tracking algorithms. In multivariable models adju...
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - February 3, 2017 Category: Cardiology Authors: Sardana, M., Syed, A. A., Hashmath, Z., Phan, T. S., Koppula, M. R., Kewan, U., Ahmed, Z., Chandamuri, R., Varakantam, S., Shah, E., Gorz, R., Akers, S. R., Chirinos, J. A. Tags: Atrial Fibrillation, Hypertension, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) Original Research Source Type: research
Neurological Inȷury in Intermediate-Risk Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation Interventional Cardiology
ConclusionsObjectively measured subclinical neurological injuries remain a concern in intermediate‐risk patients undergoing TAVI and are likely to manifest with early neurocognitive changes.Clinical Trial RegistrationURL: http://www.anzctr.org.au. Australian & New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry: ACTRN12613000083796.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - November 15, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Fanning, J. P., Wesley, A. J., Walters, D. L., Eeles, E. M., Barnett, A. G., Platts, D. G., Clarke, A. J., Wong, A. A., Strugnell, W. E., O'Sullivan, C., Tronstad, O., Fraser, J. F. Tags: Aortic Valve Replacement/Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke, Cognitive Impairment Original Research Source Type: research
Hemodynamic Tandem Intracranial Lesions on Magnetic Resonance Angiography in Patients Undergoing Carotid Endarterectomy Cardiovascular Surgery
ConclusionsIn patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy, a significant number of preoperative TILs demonstrated hemodynamic components, which were reversed postoperatively. The presence of such components was distinctively associated with the postoperative incidence of new ischemic lesions.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - October 4, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Lee, E.-J., Cho, Y.-P., Lee, S.-H., Lee, J. S., Nam, H. J., Kim, B. J., Kwon, T.-W., Kang, D.-W., Kim, J. S., Kwon, S. U. Tags: Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), Cardiovascular Surgery, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke Original Research Source Type: research
Nonsustained Atrial Fibrillation in Ischemic Stroke Patients and Stroke-Free Controls From the Perspective of Stroke Pathophysiology Stroke
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - September 30, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Yetim, E., Topcuoglu, M. A., Canpolat, U., Gocmen, R., Oguz, K. K., Ozer, N., Aytemir, K., Arsava, E. M. Tags: Atrial Fibrillation, Pathophysiology, Electrocardiology (ECG), Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), Ischemic Stroke Original Research Source Type: research
Cerebral Microbleeds, Vascular Risk Factors, and Magnetic Resonance Imaging Markers: The Northern Manhattan Study Epidemiology
ConclusionsCMBs may represent the severity of vascular disease in this racially and ethnically diverse cohort. Larger studies are needed to elucidate the association between diabetes medication use and CMB presence.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - September 16, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Caunca, M. R., Del Brutto, V., Gardener, H., Shah, N., Dequatre-Ponchelle, N., Cheung, Y. K., Elkind, M. S. V., Brown, T. R., Cordonnier, C., Sacco, R. L., Wright, C. B. Tags: Epidemiology, Race and Ethnicity Original Research Source Type: research
Gadolinium Enhancement in Intracranial Atherosclerotic Plaque and Ischemic Stroke: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Stroke
Conclusions Intracranial plaque enhancement on high-resolution vessel wall MRI is strongly associated with ischemic stroke. Evaluation for plaque enhancement on MRI may be a useful test to improve diagnostic yield in patients with ischemic strokes of undetermined etiology.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - August 15, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Gupta, A., Baradaran, H., Al-Dasuqi, K., Knight-Greenfield, A., Giambrone, A. E., Delgado, D., Wright, D., Teng, Z., Min, J. K., Navi, B. B., Iadecola, C., Kamel, H. Tags: Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), Ischemic Stroke, Atherosclerosis Source Type: research
An Approach to Working Up Cases of Embolic Stroke of Undetermined Source Stroke
Conclusions Our data indicate that patients with cryptogenic embolic stroke show distinct clinical and radiological features depending on the underlying causes.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - March 22, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Ryoo, S., Chung, J.-W., Lee, M. J., Kim, S. J., Lee, J. S., Kim, G.-M., Chung, C.-S., Lee, K. H., Hong, J. M., Bang, O. Y. Tags: Etiology, Risk Factors, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), Ischemic Stroke Source Type: research
Carotid Atherosclerosis and Cerebral Microbleeds: The Framingham Heart Study Epidemiology
Conclusions Cumulative vascular risk factor exposure may increase the risk of CMB, especially in deep regions. The apparent paradoxical association of carotid intima–media thickness progression with lower risk of CMB may reflect benefits of intensive vascular risk factor treatment among persons with higher cardiovascular risk and deserves further investigation. If replicated, the results may have potential implications for assessment of preventive and therapeutic interventions for subclinical cerebral hemorrhage.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - March 18, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Romero, J. R., Preis, S. R., Beiser, A., DeCarli, C., D'Agostino, R. B., Wolf, P. A., Vasan, R. S., Polak, J. F., Seshadri, S. Tags: Epidemiology, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), Ultrasound, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke, Atherosclerosis Source Type: research
Neuropsychological Status and Structural Brain Imaging in Adolescents With Single Ventricle Who Underwent the Fontan Procedure Congenital Heart Disease
Conclusions The neuropsychological deficits and high frequencies of structural brain abnormalities in adolescents who underwent the Fontan procedure highlight the need for research on interventions to improve the long-term outcomes in this high-risk group.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - December 14, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Bellinger, D. C., Watson, C. G., Rivkin, M. J., Robertson, R. L., Roberts, A. E., Stopp, C., Dunbar-Masterson, C., Bernson, D., DeMaso, D. R., Wypij, D., Newburger, J. W. Tags: Congenital Heart Disease Source Type: research
N-glycome Profile Levels Relate to Silent Brain Infarcts in a Cohort of Hypertensives Imaging
Conclusions N-glycome levels might be potentially useful as biomarkers for the presence of silent cerebrovascular disease.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - November 23, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Vilar-Bergua, A., Riba-Llena, I., Vanhooren, V., Dewaele, S., Libert, C., Penalba, A., Montaner, J., Delgado, P. Tags: Imaging Source Type: research
Brain Arterial Diameters as a Risk Factor for Vascular Events Epidemiology
Conclusions The risk of death, vascular death, and any vascular event increased at both extremes of brain arterial diameters. The pathophysiology linking brain arterial remodeling to systemic vascular events needs further research.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - August 6, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Gutierrez, J., Cheung, K., Bagci, A., Rundek, T., Alperin, N., Sacco, R. L., Wright, C. B., Elkind, M. S. V. Tags: Epidemiology Source Type: research
Magnetic Resonance Angiography Detection of Abnormal Carotid Artery Plaque in Patients With Cryptogenic Stroke Stroke
Conclusions Our findings suggest that a proportion of strokes classified as cryptogenic may be mechanistically related to complicated, nonhemodynamically significant cervical carotid artery plaque that can easily be detected by routine magnetic resonance imaging/magnetic resonance angiography acute stroke protocols.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - June 15, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Gupta, A., Gialdini, G., Lerario, M. P., Baradaran, H., Giambrone, A., Navi, B. B., Marshall, R. S., Iadecola, C., Kamel, H. Tags: Stroke Source Type: research
Resistive and Pulsatile Arterial Hemodynamics and Cardiovascular Events: The Multiethnic Study of Atherosclerosis Heart Failure
Conclusions Greater total arterial compliance, manifest by higher stroke volume/pulse pressure is associated with a reduced incidence of subsequent CVE. In contrast, SVR was not independently associated with CVE in subjects free of overt cardiovascular disease at baseline. These findings support the concept that alternations in the large conduit vessels, rather than changes in microvascular resistance, are primarily related to incident cardiovascular disease.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - December 11, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Lilly, S. M., Jacobs, D., Bluemke, D. A., Duprez, D., Zamani, P., Chirinos, J. Tags: Heart Failure Source Type: research
Prognostic Implications of Left Ventricular Dyssynchrony for Major Adverse Cardiovascular Events in Asymptomatic Women and Men: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis Heart Failure
Conclusions In an asymptomatic cohort, greater LV dyssynchrony determined by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging predicts adverse cardiovascular outcome in women but not in men. Clinical Trial Registration URL: http://clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT00005487.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - August 4, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Sharma, R. K., Volpe, G., Rosen, B. D., Ambale-Venkatesh, B., Donekal, S., Fernandes, V., Wu, C. O., Carr, J., Bluemke, D. A., Lima, J. A. C. Tags: Heart Failure Source Type: research