Query: stroke

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Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association
Nutrition: Calcium

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Total 7 results found since Jan 2013.

Coronary Artery Calcium Score Improves the Prediction of Occult Coronary Artery Stenosis in Ischemic Stroke Patients Stroke
BackgroundCoronary heart disease is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in stroke patients. The coronary artery calcium score (CACS) has emerged as a robust and noninvasive predictor of coronary events. We assessed the predictive ability of CACS to identify stroke patients with severe (≥50%) occult coronary artery stenosis in a stroke/transient ischemic attack population, in addition to the PRECORIS score, based on Framingham Risk Score and presence of cervicocephalic artery stenosis, which was derived and validated for that purpose.Methods and ResultsWe enrolled consecutive patients aged 45 to 75 years refer...
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - October 31, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Beigneux, Y., Sablayrolles, J.-L., Varenne, O., Mas, J.-L., Calvet, D. Tags: Computerized Tomography (CT), Ischemic Stroke, Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA), Atherosclerosis, Coronary Artery Disease Original Research Source Type: research

Risk of Ischemic Stroke Associated With Calcium Supplements With or Without Vitamin D: A Nested Case-Control Study Stroke
BackgroundThere is controversy surrounding the risk of ischemic stroke associated with the use of calcium supplements either in monotherapy or in combination with vitamin D.Methods and ResultsA nested case‐control study was performed with patients aged 40 to 89 years old, among whom a total of 2690 patients had a first episode of nonfatal ischemic stroke and for which 19 538 controls were randomly selected from the source population and frequency‐matched with cases for age, sex, and calendar year. Logistic regression provided the odds ratios while adjusting for confounding factors. A sensitivity analysis was performe...
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - May 18, 2017 Category: Cardiology Authors: de Abaȷo, F. J., Rodriguez-Martin, S., Rodriguez-Miguel, A., Gil, M. J. Tags: Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke, Ischemic Stroke Original Research Source Type: research

Impact of Heme and Heme Degradation Products on Vascular Diameter in Mouse Visual Cortex Stroke
Conclusions We identified individual components of the oxidative bilirubin degradation that led to vasoconstriction of cerebral arterioles. The vasoconstrictive effect of Z-BOX A and Z-BOX B was mediated by BKCa channel activity that might represent a signaling pathway in the occurrence of delayed cerebral vasospasm in subarachnoid hemorrhage patients.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - August 28, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Joerk, A., Seidel, R. A., Walter, S. G., Wiegand, A., Kahnes, M., Klopfleisch, M., Kirmse, K., Pohnert, G., Westerhausen, M., Witte, O. W., Holthoff, K. Tags: Stroke Source Type: research

Increased Stiffness Is the Major Early Abnormality in a Pig Model of Severe Aortic Stenosis and Predisposes to Congestive Heart Failure in the Absence of Systolic Dysfunction Heart Failure
Conclusion Increased stiffness is the major early pathological process that predisposes to congestive heart failure without abnormalities in systolic function and relaxation in a clinically relevant animal model of aortic stenosis.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - May 20, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Ishikawa, K., Aguero, J., Oh, J. G., Hammoudi, N., A. Fish, L., Leonardson, L., Picatoste, B., Santos-Gallego, C. G., M. Fish, K., Hajjar, R. J. Tags: Heart Failure Source Type: research

Association of Thoracic Aorta Calcium Score With Exercise Blood Pressure Response and Clinical Outcomes in Elderly Individuals: Differential Impact of Aorta Calcification Compared With Coronary Artery Calcification Preventive Cardiology
Conclusions Aortic calcification was related to SBP response during exercise and was an independent predictor for outcomes, especially stroke, regardless of resting SBP or CACS.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - April 22, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Cho, I.-J., Chang, H.-J., Cho, I., Heo, R., Lee, S.-E., Shim, C. Y., Hong, G.-R., Chung, N. Tags: Computerized Tomography (CT) Preventive Cardiology Source Type: research

Association of Cardiovascular Health With Subclinical Disease and Incident Events: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis Epidemiology
ConclusionsThere is a graded inverse association between CVH scores and measures of subclinical and overt cardiovascular disease that is similar across race/ethnic groups.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - March 20, 2017 Category: Cardiology Authors: Polonsky, T. S., Ning, H., Daviglus, M. L., Liu, K., Burke, G. L., Cushman, M., Eng, J., Folsom, A. R., Lutsey, P. L., Nettleton, J. A., Post, W. S., Sacco, R. L., Szklo, M., Lloyd-Jones, D. M. Tags: Epidemiology, Lifestyle, Primary Prevention, Race and Ethnicity, Vascular Disease Original Research Source Type: research

Comparison of Carotid Plaque Score and Coronary Artery Calcium Score for Predicting Cardiovascular Disease Events: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis Epidemiology
BackgroundCoronary artery calcium (CAC) predicts coronary heart disease (CHD) events better than carotid wall plaque presence; however, differences in the utility of CAC burden and carotid plaque burden across the spectrum of cardiovascular disease (CVD) events is unknown.Methods and ResultsCVD, CHD and stroke/transient ischemic attack (TIA) events were evaluated prospectively in a multiethnic cohort without CVD at baseline. Carotid plaque score was determined by the number of ultrasound‐detected plaques in the common, bifurcation, and internal carotid artery segments. CAC was detected by computed tomography. Predictive ...
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - February 14, 2017 Category: Cardiology Authors: Gepner, A. D., Young, R., Delaney, J. A., Budoff, M. J., Polak, J. F., Blaha, M. J., Post, W. S., Michos, E. D., Kaufman, J., Stein, J. H. Tags: Epidemiology, Primary Prevention, Risk Factors, Computerized Tomography (CT), Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) Original Research Source Type: research