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Total 8 results found since Jan 2013.
Long-Term Outcomes of Patients With Mediastinal Radiation-Associated Severe Aortic Stenosis and Subsequent Surgical Aortic Valve Replacement: A Matched Cohort Study Valvular Heart Disease
BackgroundCardiac disease after mediastinal radiotherapy for thoracic malignancy (chest radiotherapy [XRT]) often manifests as progressive aortic stenosis. In patients with XRT‐induced severe aortic stenosis undergoing surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR), we sought to: (1) study long‐term survival and compare these patients with a matched cohort undergoing SAVR during the same time frame; and (2) identify potential predictors of long‐term mortality.Methods and ResultsWe studied patients with symptomatic severe aortic stenosis undergoing SAVR at our institution, of which there were 172 mediastinal XRT patients (6...
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - May 5, 2017 Category: Cardiology Authors: Donnellan, E., Masri, A., Johnston, D. R., Pettersson, G. B., Rodriguez, L. L., Popovic, Z. B., Roselli, E. E., Smedira, N. G., Svensson, L. G., Griffin, B. P., Desai, M. Y. Tags: Valvular Heart Disease Original Research Source Type: research
Temporal Trends in Incidence, Prevalence, and Mortality of Atrial Fibrillation in Primary Care Epidemiology
BackgroundIncidence and prevalence of atrial fibrillation (AF) are expected to increase dramatically; however, we currently lack comprehensive data on temporal trends in unselected clinical populations.Methods and ResultsAnalysis of the UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD) from 1998 to 2010 of patients with incident AF, excluding major valvular disease, linked to hospital admission data and national statistics. Fifty‐seven thousand eight hundred eighteen adults were identified with mean age 74.2 (SD, 11.7) years and 48.3% women. Overall age‐adjusted incidence of AF per 1000 person years was 1.11 (95% CI, 1.09...
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - April 28, 2017 Category: Cardiology Authors: Lane, D. A., Skȷoth, F., Lip, G. Y. H., Larsen, T. B., Kotecha, D. Tags: Catheter Ablation and Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator, Mortality/Survival, Quality and Outcomes Original Research Source Type: research
Racial-Ethnic Disparities in Acute Stroke Care in the Florida-Puerto Rico Collaboration to Reduce Stroke Disparities Study Epidemiology
We examined race‐ethnic disparities in acute stroke performance metrics in a voluntary stroke registry among Florida and Puerto Rico Get With the Guidelines‐Stroke hospitals.Methods and ResultsSeventy‐five sites in the Florida Puerto Rico Stroke Registry (66 Florida and 9 Puerto Rico) recorded 58 864 ischemic stroke cases (2010–2014). Logistic regression models examined racial‐ethnic differences in acute stroke performance measures and defect‐free care (intravenous tissue plasminogen activator treatment, in‐hospital antithrombotic therapy, deep vein thrombosis prophylaxis, discharge antithrombotic therapy, a...
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - February 14, 2017 Category: Cardiology Authors: Sacco, R. L., Gardener, H., Wang, K., Dong, C., Ciliberti-Vargas, M. A., Gutierrez, C. M., Asdaghi, N., Burgin, W. S., Carrasquillo, O., Garcia-Rivera, E. J., Nobo, U., Oluwole, S., Rose, D. Z., Waters, M. F., Zevallos, J. C., Robichaux, M., Waddy, S. P., Tags: Epidemiology, Race and Ethnicity, Treatment, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke Original Research Source Type: research
Impact of an Expanded Hospital Recognition Program for Stroke Quality of Care Stroke
We examined hospital‐level performance on 6 quality of care (process) measures and 1 defect‐free composite quality measure for stroke following expansion of the existing performance measure recognition program. Compliance with all measures improved following launch of the expanded program, and this rate increased significantly for all 9 measures. When evaluated as the relative rate of increase in use over time, process improvement slowed significantly (P
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - January 21, 2017 Category: Cardiology Authors: Heidenreich, P. A., Zhao, X., Hernandez, A. F., Schwamm, L. H., Smith, E., Reeves, M., Peterson, E. D., Fonarow, G. C. Tags: Quality and Outcomes Original Research Source Type: research
Impact of Insurance Status on Outcomes and Use of Rehabilitation Services in Acute Ischemic Stroke: Findings From Get With The Guidelines-Stroke Health Services and Outcomes Research
The objective was to determine whether patients without insurance or with government‐sponsored insurance had worse quality of care or in‐hospital outcomes in acute ischemic stroke.Methods and ResultsMultivariable logistic regressions with generalized estimating equations stratified by age under or at least 65 years were adjusted for patient demographics and comorbidities, presenting factors, and hospital characteristics to determine differences in in‐hospital mortality and postdischarge destination. We included 589 320 ischemic stroke patients treated at 1604 US hospitals participating in the Get With The Guideline...
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - November 13, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Medford-Davis, L. N., Fonarow, G. C., Bhatt, D. L., Xu, H., Smith, E. E., Suter, R., Peterson, E. D., Xian, Y., Matsouaka, R. A., Schwamm, L. H. Tags: Ischemic Stroke Original Research Source Type: research
Factors Associated With Initial Prasugrel Versus Clopidogrel Selection for Patients With Acute Myocardial Infarction Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: Insights From the Treatment With ADP Receptor Inhibitors: Longitudinal Assessment of Treatment Patterns and Events After Acute Coronary Syndrome (TRANSLATE-ACS) Study Coronary Heart Disease
We examined patients presenting with acute myocardial infarction treated with percutaneous coronary intervention at 233 US hospitals in the TRANSLATE‐ACS observational study from April 2010 to October 2012. We developed a multivariable logistic regression model to identify factors associated with prasugrel selection. Prasugrel use rates and associated 1‐year risk‐adjusted major adverse cardiovascular events and Global Utilization of Streptokinase and t‐PA for Occluded Coronary Arteries (GUSTO) moderate/severe bleeding outcomes were also examined in relation to predicted mortality and bleeding using the validated Ac...
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - September 22, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Vora, A. N., Peterson, E. D., McCoy, L. A., Effron, M. B., Anstrom, K. J., Faries, D. E., Zettler, M. E., Fonarow, G. C., Baker, B. A., Stone, G. W., Wang, T. Y. Tags: Acute Coronary Syndromes, Coronary Artery Disease Original Research Source Type: research
Impact of Increased Early Statin Administration on Ischemic Stroke Outcomes: A Multicenter Electronic Medical Record Intervention Stroke
We examined the relationship between intervention and outcome using autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) time‐series modeling. The EMR intervention increased both overall in‐hospital statin administration (from 87.2% to 90.7%, P
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - July 28, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Flint, A. C., Conell, C., Klingman, J. G., Rao, V. A., Chan, S. L., Kamel, H., Cullen, S. P., Faigeles, B. S., Sidney, S., Johnston, S. C. Tags: Ischemic Stroke, Neuroprotectants Original Research Source Type: research
Ischemic Stroke Risk After Acute Coronary Syndrome Stroke
BackgroundPrior studies show an increased risk of ischemic stroke (IS) after myocardial infarction; however, there is limited evidence on long‐term risk and whether it is directly related to cardiac injury. We hypothesized that the risk of IS after acute coronary syndrome is significantly higher if there is evidence of cardiac injury, such as ST‐segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) or non‐STEMI, than when there is no evidence of cardiac injury, such as in unstable angina.Methods and ResultsAdministrative claims data were obtained from all emergency department encounters and hospitalizations at California's...
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - July 12, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Yaghi, S., Pilot, M., Song, C., Blum, C. A., Yakhkind, A., Silver, B., Furie, K. L., Elkind, M. S. V., Sherzai, D., Sherzai, A. Z. Tags: Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke, Acute Coronary Syndromes Original Research Source Type: research