Query: stroke

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Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association
Source1: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association
Education: Study
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Total 4 results found since Jan 2013.

Long-Term Outcomes of Patients With Mediastinal Radiation-Associated Severe Aortic Stenosis and Subsequent Surgical Aortic Valve Replacement: A Matched Cohort Study Valvular Heart Disease
BackgroundCardiac disease after mediastinal radiotherapy for thoracic malignancy (chest radiotherapy [XRT]) often manifests as progressive aortic stenosis. In patients with XRT‐induced severe aortic stenosis undergoing surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR), we sought to: (1) study long‐term survival and compare these patients with a matched cohort undergoing SAVR during the same time frame; and (2) identify potential predictors of long‐term mortality.Methods and ResultsWe studied patients with symptomatic severe aortic stenosis undergoing SAVR at our institution, of which there were 172 mediastinal XRT patients (6...
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - May 5, 2017 Category: Cardiology Authors: Donnellan, E., Masri, A., Johnston, D. R., Pettersson, G. B., Rodriguez, L. L., Popovic, Z. B., Roselli, E. E., Smedira, N. G., Svensson, L. G., Griffin, B. P., Desai, M. Y. Tags: Valvular Heart Disease Original Research Source Type: research

Racial-Ethnic Disparities in Acute Stroke Care in the Florida-Puerto Rico Collaboration to Reduce Stroke Disparities Study Epidemiology
We examined race‐ethnic disparities in acute stroke performance metrics in a voluntary stroke registry among Florida and Puerto Rico Get With the Guidelines‐Stroke hospitals.Methods and ResultsSeventy‐five sites in the Florida Puerto Rico Stroke Registry (66 Florida and 9 Puerto Rico) recorded 58 864 ischemic stroke cases (2010–2014). Logistic regression models examined racial‐ethnic differences in acute stroke performance measures and defect‐free care (intravenous tissue plasminogen activator treatment, in‐hospital antithrombotic therapy, deep vein thrombosis prophylaxis, discharge antithrombotic therapy, a...
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - February 14, 2017 Category: Cardiology Authors: Sacco, R. L., Gardener, H., Wang, K., Dong, C., Ciliberti-Vargas, M. A., Gutierrez, C. M., Asdaghi, N., Burgin, W. S., Carrasquillo, O., Garcia-Rivera, E. J., Nobo, U., Oluwole, S., Rose, D. Z., Waters, M. F., Zevallos, J. C., Robichaux, M., Waddy, S. P., Tags: Epidemiology, Race and Ethnicity, Treatment, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke Original Research Source Type: research

Factors Associated With Initial Prasugrel Versus Clopidogrel Selection for Patients With Acute Myocardial Infarction Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: Insights From the Treatment With ADP Receptor Inhibitors: Longitudinal Assessment of Treatment Patterns and Events After Acute Coronary Syndrome (TRANSLATE-ACS) Study Coronary Heart Disease
We examined patients presenting with acute myocardial infarction treated with percutaneous coronary intervention at 233 US hospitals in the TRANSLATE‐ACS observational study from April 2010 to October 2012. We developed a multivariable logistic regression model to identify factors associated with prasugrel selection. Prasugrel use rates and associated 1‐year risk‐adjusted major adverse cardiovascular events and Global Utilization of Streptokinase and t‐PA for Occluded Coronary Arteries (GUSTO) moderate/severe bleeding outcomes were also examined in relation to predicted mortality and bleeding using the validated Ac...
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - September 22, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Vora, A. N., Peterson, E. D., McCoy, L. A., Effron, M. B., Anstrom, K. J., Faries, D. E., Zettler, M. E., Fonarow, G. C., Baker, B. A., Stone, G. W., Wang, T. Y. Tags: Acute Coronary Syndromes, Coronary Artery Disease Original Research Source Type: research

Ischemic Stroke Risk After Acute Coronary Syndrome Stroke
BackgroundPrior studies show an increased risk of ischemic stroke (IS) after myocardial infarction; however, there is limited evidence on long‐term risk and whether it is directly related to cardiac injury. We hypothesized that the risk of IS after acute coronary syndrome is significantly higher if there is evidence of cardiac injury, such as ST‐segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) or non‐STEMI, than when there is no evidence of cardiac injury, such as in unstable angina.Methods and ResultsAdministrative claims data were obtained from all emergency department encounters and hospitalizations at California's...
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - July 12, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Yaghi, S., Pilot, M., Song, C., Blum, C. A., Yakhkind, A., Silver, B., Furie, K. L., Elkind, M. S. V., Sherzai, D., Sherzai, A. Z. Tags: Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke, Acute Coronary Syndromes Original Research Source Type: research