Query: stroke

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Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association
Condition: Stroke

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Total 368 results found since Jan 2013.

Comparison of Performance Achievement Award Recognition With Primary Stroke Center Certification for Acute Ischemic Stroke Care Stroke
Conclusions While both PSC certification and GWTG-Stroke PAA recognition identified hospitals providing higher conformity with care measures for patients hospitalized with acute ischemic stroke, PAA recognition was a more robust identifier of hospitals with better performance.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - October 14, 2013 Category: Cardiology Authors: Fonarow, G. C., Liang, L., Smith, E. E., Reeves, M. J., Saver, J. L., Xian, Y., Hernandez, A. F., Peterson, E. D., Schwamm, L. H., GWTG-Stroke Steering Committee & Investigators Tags: Stroke Source Type: research

Pulmonary Embolism in Ischemic Stroke: Clinical Presentation, Risk Factors, and Outcome Stroke
Conclusions In this large cohort study, PE occurred in nearly 1% of AIS patients. PE was more common in patients with severe stroke, history of cancer, previous DVT/PE or acute DVT and associated with lower short- and long-term survival, greater disability, and longer length of stay.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - November 25, 2013 Category: Cardiology Authors: Pongmoragot, J., Rabinstein, A. A., Nilanont, Y., Swartz, R. H., Zhou, L., Saposnik, G., The Investigators of the Registry of the Canadian Stroke Network (RCSN) and University of Toronto Stroke Program for the Stroke Outcomes Research Canada (SORCan [www. Tags: Stroke Source Type: research

Compliance With Acute Stroke Care Quality Measures in Hospitals With and Without Primary Stroke Center Certification: The North Carolina Stroke Care Collaborative Stroke
Conclusions PSC certification is associated with an overall improvement in the quality of stroke care in North Carolina; however, room for improvement remains.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - April 10, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Johnson, A. M., Goldstein, L. B., Bennett, P., O'Brien, E. C., Rosamond, W. D., investigators of the Registry of the North Carolina Stroke Care Collaborative Tags: Stroke Source Type: research

Can a Novel Clinical Risk Score Improve Pneumonia Prediction in Acute Stroke Care? A UK Multicenter Cohort Study Stroke
Conclusions The ISAN score is a simple tool for predicting SAP in clinical practice. External validation is required in ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke cohorts.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - January 13, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Smith, C. J., Bray, B. D., Hoffman, A., Meisel, A., Heuschmann, P. U., Wolfe, C. D. A., Tyrrell, P. J., Rudd, A. G., the Intercollegiate Stroke Working Party Group Tags: Stroke Source Type: research

Stroke Severity Is a Crucial Predictor of Outcome: An International Prospective Validation Study Stroke
Conclusions In this prospective pilot study, the baseline NIHSS score was essential for prediction of acute ischemic stroke outcomes, followed by age; whereas traditional comorbidity index contributed little to the overall model. Future studies of stroke outcomes between different care systems will benefit from including a baseline NIHSS score.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - January 21, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Rost, N. S., Bottle, A., Lee, J.-M., Randall, M., Middleton, S., Shaw, L., Thijs, V., Rinkel, G. J. E., Hemmen, T. M., the Global Comparators Stroke GOAL collaborators Tags: Mortality/Survival, Quality and Outcomes, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke, Ischemic Stroke Source Type: research

A Risk Score for In-Hospital Death in Patients Admitted With Ischemic or Hemorrhagic Stroke Stroke
Conclusions A single prediction score for all stroke types can be used to predict risk of in-hospital death following stroke admission. Incorporation of NIHSS information substantially improves this predictive accuracy.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - January 28, 2013 Category: Cardiology Authors: Smith, E. E., Shobha, N., Dai, D., Olson, D. M., Reeves, M. J., Saver, J. L., Hernandez, A. F., Peterson, E. D., Fonarow, G. C., Schwamm, L. H. Tags: Stroke Source Type: research

Genetic Deletion of NP1 Prevents Hypoxic-Ischemic Neuronal Death Via Reducing AMPA Receptor Synaptic Localization in Hippocampal Neurons Stroke
Conclusions Our results indicate that NP1 plays a key role in synaptic clustering of GluR1, suggesting that targeting NP1 might be a practical approach to preventing ischemic brain damage.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - February 22, 2013 Category: Cardiology Authors: Rahim, M. A., Hossain, M. A. Tags: Stroke Source Type: research

Joint Commission Primary Stroke Centers Utilize More rt-PA in the Nationwide Inpatient Sample Stroke
Conclusions Subjects evaluated at PSCs were more likely to receive rt-PA than those evaluated at non-PSCs. This association was significant after adjustment for patient and hospital-level variables. Systems of care are necessary to ensure stroke patients have rapid access to PSCs throughout the United States.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - March 26, 2013 Category: Cardiology Authors: Mullen, M. T., Kasner, S. E., Kallan, M. J., Kleindorfer, D. O., Albright, K. C., Carr, B. G. Tags: Stroke Source Type: research

Paradoxical Association of Smoking With In-Hospital Mortality Among Patients Admitted With Acute Ischemic Stroke Stroke
Conclusions Similar to myocardial ischemia, smoking was independently associated with lower inpatient mortality in acute ischemic stroke. This effect may be due to tobacco-induced changes in cerebrovascular vasoreactivity, or may be due in part to residual confounding. Larger, multicenter studies are needed to confirm the finding and the effect on 30-day and 1-year mortality.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - June 19, 2013 Category: Cardiology Authors: Ali, S. F., Smith, E. E., Bhatt, D. L., Fonarow, G. C., Schwamm, L. H. Tags: Stroke Source Type: research

Natural History and Prognostic Value of Corticospinal Tract Wallerian Degeneration in Intracerebral Hemorrhage Stroke
Conclusions Wallerian degeneration along the CST is common in spontaneous supratentorial ICH, particularly in deep ICH. It can be detected 1 week after ICH on DWI and progresses rostrocaudally along the CST over time. The presence of CST-WD is associated with poor motor and functional recovery after ICH.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - August 2, 2013 Category: Cardiology Authors: Venkatasubramanian, C., Kleinman, J. T., Fischbein, N. J., Olivot, J.-M., Gean, A. D., Eyngorn, I., Snider, R. W., Mlynash, M., Wijman, C. A. C. Tags: Stroke Source Type: research

Trials to Improve Blood Pressure Through Adherence to Antihypertensives in Stroke/TIA: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Stroke
Conclusions Multifactorial interventions including a component to improve medication adherence can lower blood pressure after stroke/TIA. However, it is not possible to say whether or not this is achieved through better medication adherence. Trials are needed of well-characterized interventions to improve medication adherence and clinical outcomes with measurement along the hypothesized causal pathway.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - August 20, 2013 Category: Cardiology Authors: De Simoni, A., Hardeman, W., Mant, J., Farmer, A. J., Kinmonth, A. L. Tags: Stroke Source Type: research

Leukoaraiosis and Increased Cerebral Susceptibility to Ischemia: Lack of Confounding by Carotid Disease Stroke
Conclusions The association with more severe ischemic events (stroke versus TIA) and infarction on imaging is consistent with leukoaraiosis being a marker of increased cerebral susceptibility to ischemia. In contrast, the presence, severity of, and risk factors for atheromatous disease showed no association with leukoaraiosis, suggesting that these are two unrelated disease processes.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - August 20, 2013 Category: Cardiology Authors: Schulz, U. G., Gruter, B. E., Briley, D., Rothwell, P. M. Tags: Stroke Source Type: research

Circulating Omega-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids and Subclinical Brain Abnormalities on MRI in Older Adults: The Cardiovascular Health Study Stroke
Conclusions Among older adults, higher phospholipid long-chain omega-3 PUFA content was associated with lower prevalence of subclinical infarcts and better white matter grade on MRI. Our results support the beneficial effects of fish consumption, the major source of long-chain omega-3 PUFAs, on brain health in later life. The role of plant-derived alpha-linolenic acid in brain health requires further investigation.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - October 10, 2013 Category: Cardiology Authors: Virtanen, J. K., Siscovick, D. S., Lemaitre, R. N., Longstreth, W. T., Spiegelman, D., Rimm, E. B., King, I. B., Mozaffarian, D. Tags: Stroke Source Type: research

Association of Geographical Factors With Administration of Tissue Plasminogen Activator for Acute Ischemic Stroke Stroke
Conclusion The association between ambulance use and tPA administration suggests the importance of calling an ambulance for suspected stroke. Promoting ambulance use for acute ischemic stroke patients may increase tPA use.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - September 17, 2013 Category: Cardiology Authors: Kunisawa, S., Morishima, T., Ukawa, N., Ikai, H., Otsubo, T., Ishikawa, K. B., Yokota, C., Minematsu, K., Fushimi, K., Imanaka, Y. Tags: Stroke Source Type: research

Clopidogrel Use Is Associated With an Increased Prevalence of Cerebral Microbleeds in a Stroke-Free Population: The Rotterdam Study Stroke
Conclusions In stroke-free individuals, clopidogrel use was associated with a higher prevalence and higher number of CMBs. Whether this association is causal requires confirmation in prospective studies, especially given the small number of participants taking clopidogrel and the possibility of residual confounding in this study.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - September 26, 2013 Category: Cardiology Authors: Darweesh, S. K. L., Leening, M. J. G., Akoudad, S., Loth, D. W., Hofman, A., Arfan Ikram, M., Vernooij, M. W., Stricker, B. H. Tags: Stroke Source Type: research

Renal Denervation Prevents Stroke and Brain Injury via Attenuation of Oxidative Stress in Hypertensive Rats Stroke
Conclusions Our present work provided the first experimental evidence that RD can prevent hypertensive stroke and brain injury, beyond blood pressure lowering, thereby highlighting RD as a promising therapeutic strategy for stroke as well as hypertension.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - October 14, 2013 Category: Cardiology Authors: Nakagawa, T., Hasegawa, Y., Uekawa, K., Ma, M., Katayama, T., Sueta, D., Toyama, K., Kataoka, K., Koibuchi, N., Maeda, M., Kuratsu, J.-i., Kim-Mitsuyama, S. Tags: Stroke Source Type: research

Incidence and Risk Factors of Cerebrovascular Events Following Cardiac Catheterization Stroke
Conclusion In a single-center, retrospective assessment over nearly 20 years, cardiac catheterization-related CVEs were very rare and nearly exclusively ischemic. The independent predictors for these events were found to be the performance of an intervention and those associated with increased atherosclerotic burden, specifically older age, triple vessel disease, and prior stroke. The presence of intracoronary thrombus appears also to raise the risk of procedure-related CVE.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - November 14, 2013 Category: Cardiology Authors: Korn-Lubetzki, I., Farkash, R., Pachino, R. M., Almagor, Y., Tzivoni, D., Meerkin, D. Tags: Stroke Source Type: research

Intake of Dietary Phylloquinone and Menaquinones and Risk of Stroke Stroke
Conclusion In our study, neither dietary phylloquinone nor dietary menaquinones intake were associated with stroke risk.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - December 10, 2013 Category: Cardiology Authors: Vissers, L. E. T., Dalmeijer, G. W., Boer, J. M. A., Monique Verschuren, W. M., van der Schouw, Y. T., Beulens, J. W. J. Tags: Stroke Source Type: research

Impact of Atrial Fibrillation on Stroke-Related Healthcare Costs Stroke
Conclusion Stroke-related care for IS, HS, and TIA is costly, especially among individuals with AF. Reducing the risk of AF-related stroke is important from both clinical and economic standpoints.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - November 25, 2013 Category: Cardiology Authors: Sussman, M., Menzin, J., Lin, I., Kwong, W. J., Munsell, M., Friedman, M., Selim, M. Tags: Stroke Source Type: research

Clinical and Magnetic Resonance Imaging Predictors of Very Early Neurological Response to Intravenous Thrombolysis in Patients With Middle Cerebral Artery Occlusion Stroke
Conclusions Lack of VENI provides an early estimate of 3-month outcome and recanalization after IV-tPA. Baseline NIHSS, onset to treatment time, and diffusion weighted imaging—Alberta Stroke Programme Early CT Score could help to predict lack of VENI and, in turn, might help early selection of candidates for complementary reperfusion strategies.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - December 5, 2013 Category: Cardiology Authors: Apoil, M., Turc, G., Tisserand, M., Calvet, D., Naggara, O., Domigo, V., Baron, J.-C., Oppenheim, C., Touze, E. Tags: Stroke Source Type: research

Vitamin C Intake, Circulating Vitamin C and Risk of Stroke: A Meta-Analysis of Prospective Studies Stroke
Conclusions This meta-analysis suggests significant inverse relationships between dietary vitamin C intake, circulating vitamin C, and risk of stroke.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - November 27, 2013 Category: Cardiology Authors: Chen, G.-C., Lu, D.-B., Pang, Z., Liu, Q.-F. Tags: Stroke Source Type: research

Thrombolysis Delivery by a Regional Telestroke Network--Experience From the UK National Health Service Stroke
Conclusions We demonstrate the safety and effectiveness of a horizontal networking approach for stroke telemedicine, which may be applicable to areas where traditional "hub-and-spoke" models may not be geographically feasible.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - February 26, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Agarwal, S., Day, D. J., Sibson, L., Barry, P. J., Collas, D., Metcalf, K., Cotter, P. E., Guyler, P., O'Brien, E. W., O'Brien, A., O'Kane, D., Owusu-Agyei, P., Phillips, P., Shekhar, R., Warburton, E. A. Tags: Stroke Source Type: research

Door-to-Puncture: A Practical Metric for Capturing and Enhancing System Processes Associated With Endovascular Stroke Care, Preliminary Results From the Rapid Reperfusion Registry Stroke
Conclusions The time interval of D2P presents a clinically relevant time frame by which system processes can be targeted to streamline the delivery of IAT care nationally. At present, there is much opportunity to enhance outcomes through reducing D2P.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - April 25, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Sun, C.-H. J., Ribo, M., Goyal, M., Yoo, A. J., Jovin, T., Cronin, C. A., Zaidat, O., Nogueira, R., Nguyen, T., Hussain, M. S., Menon, B. K., Mehta, B., Jindal, G., Horev, A., Norbash, A., Leslie-Mazwi, T., Wisco, D., Gupta, R. Tags: Stroke Source Type: research

Clinical Prediction Model Suitable for Assessing Hospital Quality for Patients Undergoing Carotid Endarterectomy Stroke
Conclusions The NCDR CEA score, comprising 7 clinical variables, predicts in-hospital stroke or death after CEA. This model can be used to estimate hospital risk-adjusted outcomes for CEA and to assist with the assessment of hospital quality.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - June 17, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Wimmer, N. J., Spertus, J. A., Kennedy, K. F., Anderson, H. V., Curtis, J. P., Weintraub, W. S., Singh, M., Rumsfeld, J. S., Masoudi, F. A., Yeh, R. W. Tags: Stroke Source Type: research

Atrial Fibrillation, Stroke, and Anticoagulation in Medicare Beneficiaries: Trends by Age, Sex, and Race, 1992-2010 Stroke
Conclusions Ischemic stroke rates among Medicare AF patients decreased significantly in all demographic subpopulations from 1992–2010, coincident with increasing warfarin use. Ischemic stroke rates remained higher and warfarin use rates remained lower for women and blacks with AF, groups whose baseline CHADS scores were higher.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - June 3, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Shroff, G. R., Solid, C. A., Herzog, C. A. Tags: Stroke Source Type: research

The TeleStroke Mimic (TM)-Score: A Prediction Rule for Identifying Stroke Mimics Evaluated in a Telestroke Network Stroke
Conclusions SMs differ substantially from their iCVD counterparts in their vascular risk profiles and other characteristics. Decision-support tools based on predictive models, such as our TM Score, may help clinicians consider alternate diagnosis and potentially detect SMs during complex, time-critical telestroke evaluations.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - June 23, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Ali, S. F., Viswanathan, A., Singhal, A. B., Rost, N. S., Forducey, P. G., Davis, L. W., Schindler, J., Likosky, W., Schlegel, S., Solenski, N., Schwamm, L. H., on Behalf of Partners Telestroke Network Tags: Stroke Source Type: research

Cost-Effectiveness of Clopidogrel-Aspirin Versus Aspirin Alone for Acute Transient Ischemic Attack and Minor Stroke Stroke
Conclusions Early 90-day clopidogrel-aspirin regimen for acute TIA or minor stroke is highly cost-effective in China. Although clopidogrel is generic, Plavix is brand in China. If Plavix were generic, treatment with clopidogrel-aspirin would have been cost saving.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - June 5, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Pan, Y., Wang, A., Liu, G., Zhao, X., Meng, X., Zhao, K., Liu, L., Wang, C., Johnston, S. C., Wang, Y., Wang, Y., the CHANCE Investigators Tags: Stroke Source Type: research

Socioeconomic Position and Incidence of Ischemic Stroke in Denmark 2003-2012. A Nationwide Hospital-Based Study Stroke
Conclusions In Denmark, there is a strong relation between low socioeconomic position and risk for hospitalization for stroke. Lifestyle, as indicated by smoking, obesity, and alcohol consumption, and diabetes appears to increase the risk for stroke in people with lower socioeconomic position.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - July 16, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Andersen, K. K., Steding-Jessen, M., Dalton, S. O., Olsen, T. S. Tags: Stroke Source Type: research

Short-term Changes in Ambient Particulate Matter and Risk of Stroke: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis Stroke
Conclusions We found that PM2.5 and PM10 are associated with a 1.4% (95% CI 0.9% to 1.9%) and 0.5% (95% CI 0.3% to 0.7%) higher total cerebrovascular disease mortality, respectively, with evidence of inconsistent, nonsignificant associations for hospital admission for total cerebrovascular disease or ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke. Current limited evidence does not suggest an association between PM2.5-10 and cerebrovascular mortality or morbidity. We discuss the potential sources of variability in results across studies, highlight some observations, and identify gaps in literature and make recommendations for future studies.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - August 7, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Wang, Y., Eliot, M. N., Wellenius, G. A. Tags: Stroke Source Type: research

Trial of ORG 10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment (TOAST) Classification and Vascular Territory of Ischemic Stroke Lesions Diagnosed by Diffusion-Weighted Imaging Stroke
Conclusions Information on vascular territory of a stroke lesion may be helpful in timely investigation and accurate diagnosis of stroke etiology.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - August 11, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Chung, J.-W., Park, S. H., Kim, N., Kim, W.-J., Park, J. H., Ko, Y., Yang, M. H., Jang, M. S., Han, M.-K., Jung, C., Kim, J. H., Oh, C. W., Bae, H.-J. Tags: Stroke Source Type: research

Reducing Door-to-Puncture Times for Intra-Arterial Stroke Therapy: A Pilot Quality Improvement Project Stroke
Conclusions In-hospital delays are a major obstacle to timely IAT. A simple approach for achieving substantial time savings is to mobilize the NI and anesthesia teams during patient evaluation and treatment decision making. This parallel workflow resulted in a >30-minute (25%) reduction in median door-to-puncture times.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - November 11, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Mehta, B. P., Leslie-Mazwi, T. M., Chandra, R. V., Bell, D. L., Sun, C.-H. J., Hirsch, J. A., Rabinov, J. D., Rost, N. S., Schwamm, L. H., Goldstein, J. N., Levine, W. C., Gupta, R., Yoo, A. J. Tags: Stroke Source Type: research

Comparative Effectiveness of Standard Care With IV Thrombolysis Versus Without IV Thrombolysis for Mild Ischemic Stroke Stroke
Conclusions In this observational registry-based study, standard care with IVT is more effective than not receiving IVT in mild ischemic stroke patients, and there is a statistically nonsignificant risk of symptomatic hemorrhagic transformation.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - January 9, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Choi, J. C., Jang, M. U., Kang, K., Park, J.-M., Ko, Y., Lee, S.-J., Cha, J.-K., Kim, D.-H., Park, S. S., Park, T. H., Lee, K. B., Lee, J., Kim, J.-T., Cho, K.-H., Yu, K.-H., Oh, M.-S., Lee, B.-C., Cho, Y.-J., Kim, D.-E., Lee, J. S., Lee, J., Gorelick, P. Tags: Stroke Source Type: research

Contemporary Trends and Predictors of Postacute Service Use and Routine Discharge Home After Stroke Stroke
Conclusions Four in 10 stroke patients are discharged home without services. Although little has changed overall in PAC use since 2003, further research is needed to explain the shift in service use by type and its effect on outcomes.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - February 23, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Prvu Bettger, J., McCoy, L., Smith, E. E., Fonarow, G. C., Schwamm, L. H., Peterson, E. D. Tags: Stroke Source Type: research

Outcomes After Acute Ischemic Stroke in the United States: Does Residential ZIP Code Matter? Stroke
Conclusions Patients from lower-income quartiles had decreased reperfusion on the first admission day, compared with patients from higher-income quartiles. The cost of hospitalization of patients from higher-income quartiles was significantly higher than that of patients from lowest-income quartiles, despite longer hospital stays in the latter group. This might be partially attributable to a lower use of key procedures among patients from lowest-income quartile.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - March 15, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Agarwal, S., Menon, V., Jaber, W. A. Tags: Stroke Source Type: research

Comprehensive Stroke Centers May Be Associated With Improved Survival in Hemorrhagic Stroke Stroke
Conclusions Hemorrhagic stroke patients admitted to CSCs are more likely to receive neurosurgical and endovascular treatments and be alive at 90 days than patients admitted to other hospitals.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - May 6, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: McKinney, J. S., Cheng, J. Q., Rybinnik, I., Kostis, J. B., the Myocardial Infarction Data Acquisition System (MIDAS 22) Study Group Tags: Stroke Source Type: research

Magnetic Resonance Angiography Detection of Abnormal Carotid Artery Plaque in Patients With Cryptogenic Stroke Stroke
Conclusions Our findings suggest that a proportion of strokes classified as cryptogenic may be mechanistically related to complicated, nonhemodynamically significant cervical carotid artery plaque that can easily be detected by routine magnetic resonance imaging/magnetic resonance angiography acute stroke protocols.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - June 15, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Gupta, A., Gialdini, G., Lerario, M. P., Baradaran, H., Giambrone, A., Navi, B. B., Marshall, R. S., Iadecola, C., Kamel, H. Tags: Stroke Source Type: research

Perception Versus Actual Performance in Timely Tissue Plasminogen Activation Administration in the Management of Acute Ischemic Stroke Stroke
Conclusions Hospitals often overestimate their ability to deliver timely tPA to treated patients. Our findings indicate the need to routinely provide comparative provider performance rates as a key step to improving the quality of acute stroke care.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - July 22, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Lin, C. B., Cox, M., Olson, D. M., Britz, G. W., Constable, M., Fonarow, G. C., Schwamm, L., Peterson, E. D., Shah, B. R. Tags: Stroke Source Type: research

Sex Disparities in Stroke: Women Have More Severe Strokes but Better Survival Than Men Stroke
Conclusions Stroke affects women and men differently. Elderly women were affected more severely than elderly men but were more likely to survive.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - July 6, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Dehlendorff, C., Andersen, K. K., Olsen, T. S. Tags: Stroke Source Type: research

Racial/Ethnic and Sex Differences in Emergency Medical Services Transport Among Hospitalized US Stroke Patients: Analysis of the National Get With The Guidelines-Stroke Registry Stroke
Conclusions EMS use differed by race/ethnicity and sex. These contemporary data document suboptimal use of EMS transport among US stroke patients, especially by racial/ethnic minorities and those with less recognized stroke symptoms.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - August 12, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Mochari-Greenberger, H., Xian, Y., Hellkamp, A. S., Schulte, P. J., Bhatt, D. L., Fonarow, G. C., Saver, J. L., Reeves, M. J., Schwamm, L. H., Smith, E. E. Tags: Stroke Source Type: research

Long-Term Antiplatelet Mono- and Dual Therapies After Ischemic Stroke or Transient Ischemic Attack: Network Meta-Analysis Stroke
Conclusions Long-term monotherapy was a better choice than long-term dual therapy, and cilostazol had the best risk–benefit profile for long-term secondary prevention after stroke or transient ischemic attack. More randomized controlled trials in non–East Asian patients are needed to determine whether long-term use of cilostazol is the best option for the prevention of recurrent stroke.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - August 24, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Xie, W., Zheng, F., Zhong, B., Song, X. Tags: Stroke Source Type: research

Post-Acute Care Data for Predicting Readmission After Ischemic Stroke: A Nationwide Cohort Analysis Using the Minimum Data Set Stroke
Conclusions Individual clinical characteristics from the post–acute care setting resulted in only modest improvement in the c-statistic relative to previous models that used only Medicare Part A data. Individual-level characteristics do not sufficiently account for the risk of acute hospital readmission.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - September 22, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Fehnel, C. R., Lee, Y., Wendell, L. C., Thompson, B. B., Potter, N. S., Mor, V. Tags: Stroke Source Type: research

Racial Disparities in Intravenous Recombinant Tissue Plasminogen Activator Use Persist at Primary Stroke Centers Stroke
Conclusions Racial disparities in intravenous rt-PA use were not reduced by presentation to PSCs. Black patients were less likely to receive thrombolytic treatment than white patients at both non-PSCs and PSCs. Hispanic patients were less likely to be seen at PSCs relative to white patients and were less likely to receive intravenous rt-PA in the fully adjusted model.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - October 14, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Aparicio, H. J., Carr, B. G., Kasner, S. E., Kallan, M. J., Albright, K. C., Kleindorfer, D. O., Mullen, M. T. Tags: Stroke Source Type: research

Association of Acute and Chronic Hyperglycemia With Acute Ischemic Stroke Outcomes Post-Thrombolysis: Findings From Get With The Guidelines-Stroke Stroke
Conclusion Acute and chronic hyperglycemia are both associated with increased mortality and worse clinical outcomes in AIS patients treated with tPA. Controlled trials are needed to determine whether acute correction of hyperglycemia can improve outcomes after thrombolysis.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - September 25, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Masrur, S., Cox, M., Bhatt, D. L., Smith, E. E., Ellrodt, G., Fonarow, G. C., Schwamm, L. Tags: Stroke Source Type: research

"Life's Simple 7" and Long-Term Mortality After Stroke Stroke
Conclusions Achieving a greater number of ideal cardiovascular health metrics is associated with lower long-term risk of dying after stroke. Specifically targeting "Life's Simple 7" goals might have a profound impact, extending survival after stroke.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - November 20, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Lin, M. P., Ovbiagele, B., Markovic, D., Towfighi, A. Tags: Stroke Source Type: research

Dysbiosis of Gut Microbiota With Reduced Trimethylamine-N-Oxide Level in Patients With Large-Artery Atherosclerotic Stroke or Transient Ischemic Attack Stroke
Conclusions Participants with asymptomatic atherosclerosis did not exhibit an obvious change in gut microbiota and blood TMAO levels; however, stroke and transient ischemic attack patients showed significant dysbiosis of the gut microbiota, and their blood TMAO levels were decreased.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - November 23, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Yin, J., Liao, S.-X., He, Y., Wang, S., Xia, G.-H., Liu, F.-T., Zhu, J.-J., You, C., Chen, Q., Zhou, L., Pan, S.-Y., Zhou, H.-W. Tags: Stroke Source Type: research

Blood Pressure Control and Risk of Stroke or Systemic Embolism in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation: Results From the Apixaban for Reduction in Stroke and Other Thromboembolic Events in Atrial Fibrillation (ARISTOTLE) Trial Stroke
Conclusions High BP measurement at any point during the trial was independently associated with a substantially higher risk of stroke or systemic embolism. These results strongly support efforts to treat elevated BP as an important strategy to optimally lower risk of stroke in patients with AF. Clinical Trial Registration URL: https://ClinicalTrials.gov/. Unique identifier: NCT00412984.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - December 1, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Rao, M. P., Halvorsen, S., Wojdyla, D., Thomas, L., Alexander, J. H., Hylek, E. M., Hanna, M., Bahit, M. C., Lopes, R. D., De Caterina, R., Erol, C., Goto, S., Lanas, F., Lewis, B. S., Husted, S., Gersh, B. J., Wallentin, L., Granger, C. B., the Apixaban Tags: Stroke Source Type: research

Risk Factor Stratification for Intracranial Stenosis in Taiwanese Patients With Cervicocerebral Stenosis Stroke
Conclusions CEIS was associated with higher odds of ischemic stroke compared with isolated ICS and isolated ECS. Smoking and diabetes mellitus, major determinants of CEIS and isolated ICS, should be targeted in therapeutic strategies to reduce the risk of ischemic stroke.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - December 15, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Sung, Y.-F., Lee, J.-T., Tsai, C.-L., Lin, C.-C., Hsu, Y.-D., Lin, J.-C., Chu, C.-M., Peng, G.-S. Tags: Stroke Source Type: research

Interferon-{beta} Modulates Inflammatory Response in Cerebral Ischemia Stroke
Conclusions Our results demonstrate that IFNβ exerts a protective effect against ischemic stroke through its anti-inflammatory properties and suggest that IFNβ is a potential therapeutic agent, targeting the reperfusion damage subsequent to the treatment with tissue plasminogen activator.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - January 8, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Kuo, P.-C., Scofield, B. A., Yu, I.-C., Chang, F.-L., Ganea, D., Yen, J.-H. Tags: Inflammation, Translational Studies, Treatment, Ischemic Stroke Source Type: research

Forced Expiratory Volume in the First Second and Aldosterone as Mediators of Smoking Effect on Stroke in African Americans: The Jackson Heart Study Stroke
Conclusions Our findings suggest that the difference in stroke risk between current and never smokers may develop partially through pathways involving lung function and aldosterone and that the mediation effect through aldosterone is independent of blood pressure.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - January 27, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Wang, W., Shen, G., Shahar, E., Bidulescu, A., Kimberly, W. T., Sheth, K. N., Campbell, B. W., Horbal, S., Correa, A., Griswold, M. E. Tags: Stroke Source Type: research

Rates of Atrial Fibrillation in Black Versus White Patients With Pacemakers Stroke
Conclusions In a population-based sample of patients with pacemakers, black patients had a lower rate of AF compared with white patients. These findings indicate that the persistent racial disparities in rates of ischemic stroke are likely to be related to factors other than undiagnosed AF.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - February 12, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Kamel, H., Kleindorfer, D. O., Bhave, P. D., Cushman, M., Levitan, E. B., Howard, G., Soliman, E. Z. Tags: Arrhythmias, Atrial Fibrillation, Epidemiology, Race and Ethnicity, Risk Factors Stroke Source Type: research