Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association
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Total 56 results found since Jan 2013.
Socioeconomic Position and Incidence of Ischemic Stroke in Denmark 2003-2012. A Nationwide Hospital-Based Study Stroke
Conclusions In Denmark, there is a strong relation between low socioeconomic position and risk for hospitalization for stroke. Lifestyle, as indicated by smoking, obesity, and alcohol consumption, and diabetes appears to increase the risk for stroke in people with lower socioeconomic position.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - July 16, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Andersen, K. K., Steding-Jessen, M., Dalton, S. O., Olsen, T. S. Tags: Stroke Source Type: research
Blood Pressure Control and Risk of Stroke or Systemic Embolism in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation: Results From the Apixaban for Reduction in Stroke and Other Thromboembolic Events in Atrial Fibrillation (ARISTOTLE) Trial Stroke
Conclusions High BP measurement at any point during the trial was independently associated with a substantially higher risk of stroke or systemic embolism. These results strongly support efforts to treat elevated BP as an important strategy to optimally lower risk of stroke in patients with AF. Clinical Trial Registration URL: https://ClinicalTrials.gov/. Unique identifier: NCT00412984.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - December 1, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Rao, M. P., Halvorsen, S., Wojdyla, D., Thomas, L., Alexander, J. H., Hylek, E. M., Hanna, M., Bahit, M. C., Lopes, R. D., De Caterina, R., Erol, C., Goto, S., Lanas, F., Lewis, B. S., Husted, S., Gersh, B. J., Wallentin, L., Granger, C. B., the Apixaban Tags: Stroke Source Type: research
Renal Denervation Prevents Stroke and Brain Injury via Attenuation of Oxidative Stress in Hypertensive Rats Stroke
Conclusions Our present work provided the first experimental evidence that RD can prevent hypertensive stroke and brain injury, beyond blood pressure lowering, thereby highlighting RD as a promising therapeutic strategy for stroke as well as hypertension.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - October 14, 2013 Category: Cardiology Authors: Nakagawa, T., Hasegawa, Y., Uekawa, K., Ma, M., Katayama, T., Sueta, D., Toyama, K., Kataoka, K., Koibuchi, N., Maeda, M., Kuratsu, J.-i., Kim-Mitsuyama, S. Tags: Stroke Source Type: research
China Stroke Primary Prevention Trial: Visit-to-Visit Systolic Blood Pressure Variability Is an Independent Predictor of Primary Stroke in Hypertensive Patients Stroke
ConclusionsVisit‐to‐visit SBP variability is an independent predictor of primary stroke in Chinese hypertensive patients. This predictive value depends on the number of blood pressure measurements used to calculate variability but is independent of mean SBP.Clinical Trial RegistrationURL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT00794885.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - March 13, 2017 Category: Cardiology Authors: Men, X., Sun, W., Fan, F., Zhao, M., Huang, X., Wang, Y., Liu, L., Liu, R., , Peng, Q., Qin, X., Tang, G., Li, J., Zhang, Y., Cai, Y., Hou, F. F., Wang, B., Xu, X., Cheng, X., Sun, N., Huang, Y., Huo, Y. Tags: Epidemiology, Hypertension, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke Original Research Source Type: research
Atrial Fibrillation, Stroke, and Anticoagulation in Medicare Beneficiaries: Trends by Age, Sex, and Race, 1992-2010 Stroke
Conclusions Ischemic stroke rates among Medicare AF patients decreased significantly in all demographic subpopulations from 1992–2010, coincident with increasing warfarin use. Ischemic stroke rates remained higher and warfarin use rates remained lower for women and blacks with AF, groups whose baseline CHADS scores were higher.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - June 3, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Shroff, G. R., Solid, C. A., Herzog, C. A. Tags: Stroke Source Type: research
Ischemic Stroke in Children and Young Adults With Congenital Heart Disease Congenital Heart Disease
Conclusions The risk of developing ischemic stroke was almost 11 times higher in young patients with CHD than in the general population, although absolute risk is low. Cardiovascular comorbidities were strongly associated with the development of ischemic stroke in young CHD patients.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - February 23, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Mandalenakis, Z., Rosengren, A., Lappas, G., Eriksson, P., Hansson, P.-O., Dellborg, M. Tags: Epidemiology, Congenital Heart Disease, Ischemic Stroke Source Type: research
Paradoxical Association of Smoking With In-Hospital Mortality Among Patients Admitted With Acute Ischemic Stroke Stroke
Conclusions Similar to myocardial ischemia, smoking was independently associated with lower inpatient mortality in acute ischemic stroke. This effect may be due to tobacco-induced changes in cerebrovascular vasoreactivity, or may be due in part to residual confounding. Larger, multicenter studies are needed to confirm the finding and the effect on 30-day and 1-year mortality.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - June 19, 2013 Category: Cardiology Authors: Ali, S. F., Smith, E. E., Bhatt, D. L., Fonarow, G. C., Schwamm, L. H. Tags: Stroke Source Type: research
Trials to Improve Blood Pressure Through Adherence to Antihypertensives in Stroke/TIA: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Stroke
Conclusions Multifactorial interventions including a component to improve medication adherence can lower blood pressure after stroke/TIA. However, it is not possible to say whether or not this is achieved through better medication adherence. Trials are needed of well-characterized interventions to improve medication adherence and clinical outcomes with measurement along the hypothesized causal pathway.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - August 20, 2013 Category: Cardiology Authors: De Simoni, A., Hardeman, W., Mant, J., Farmer, A. J., Kinmonth, A. L. Tags: Stroke Source Type: research
Leukoaraiosis and Increased Cerebral Susceptibility to Ischemia: Lack of Confounding by Carotid Disease Stroke
Conclusions The association with more severe ischemic events (stroke versus TIA) and infarction on imaging is consistent with leukoaraiosis being a marker of increased cerebral susceptibility to ischemia. In contrast, the presence, severity of, and risk factors for atheromatous disease showed no association with leukoaraiosis, suggesting that these are two unrelated disease processes.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - August 20, 2013 Category: Cardiology Authors: Schulz, U. G., Gruter, B. E., Briley, D., Rothwell, P. M. Tags: Stroke Source Type: research
Risk Factor Stratification for Intracranial Stenosis in Taiwanese Patients With Cervicocerebral Stenosis Stroke
Conclusions CEIS was associated with higher odds of ischemic stroke compared with isolated ICS and isolated ECS. Smoking and diabetes mellitus, major determinants of CEIS and isolated ICS, should be targeted in therapeutic strategies to reduce the risk of ischemic stroke.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - December 15, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Sung, Y.-F., Lee, J.-T., Tsai, C.-L., Lin, C.-C., Hsu, Y.-D., Lin, J.-C., Chu, C.-M., Peng, G.-S. Tags: Stroke Source Type: research
Impact of Insurance Status on Outcomes and Use of Rehabilitation Services in Acute Ischemic Stroke: Findings From Get With The Guidelines-Stroke Health Services and Outcomes Research
The objective was to determine whether patients without insurance or with government‐sponsored insurance had worse quality of care or in‐hospital outcomes in acute ischemic stroke.Methods and ResultsMultivariable logistic regressions with generalized estimating equations stratified by age under or at least 65 years were adjusted for patient demographics and comorbidities, presenting factors, and hospital characteristics to determine differences in in‐hospital mortality and postdischarge destination. We included 589 320 ischemic stroke patients treated at 1604 US hospitals participating in the Get With The Guideline...
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - November 13, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Medford-Davis, L. N., Fonarow, G. C., Bhatt, D. L., Xu, H., Smith, E. E., Suter, R., Peterson, E. D., Xian, Y., Matsouaka, R. A., Schwamm, L. H. Tags: Ischemic Stroke Original Research Source Type: research
The TeleStroke Mimic (TM)-Score: A Prediction Rule for Identifying Stroke Mimics Evaluated in a Telestroke Network Stroke
Conclusions SMs differ substantially from their iCVD counterparts in their vascular risk profiles and other characteristics. Decision-support tools based on predictive models, such as our TM Score, may help clinicians consider alternate diagnosis and potentially detect SMs during complex, time-critical telestroke evaluations.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - June 23, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Ali, S. F., Viswanathan, A., Singhal, A. B., Rost, N. S., Forducey, P. G., Davis, L. W., Schindler, J., Likosky, W., Schlegel, S., Solenski, N., Schwamm, L. H., on Behalf of Partners Telestroke Network Tags: Stroke Source Type: research
Effect of Adherence to Oral Anticoagulants on Risk of Stroke and Major Bleeding Among Patients With Atrial Fibrillation Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology
Conclusions Adherence to anticoagulation is poor in practice and may be modestly improved with NOACs. Adherence to therapy appears to be most important in patients with CHA2DS2-VASc score ≥2, whereas the benefits of anticoagulation may not outweigh the harms in patients with CHA2DS2-VASc score 0 or 1.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - February 23, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Yao, X., Abraham, N. S., Alexander, G. C., Crown, W., Montori, V. M., Sangaralingham, L. R., Gersh, B. J., Shah, N. D., Noseworthy, P. A. Tags: Arrhythmias, Atrial Fibrillation, Secondary Prevention, Intracranial Hemorrhage, Ischemic Stroke Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology Source Type: research
Systolic Blood Pressure Within 24 Hours After Thrombectomy for Acute Ischemic Stroke Correlates With Outcome Stroke
ConclusionsHigher peak values of systolic blood pressure independently correlated with worse 90‐day modified Rankin scale and a higher rate of hemorrhagic complications. Further prospective studies are warranted to identify whether systolic blood pressure is a therapeutic target to improve outcomes.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - May 18, 2017 Category: Cardiology Authors: Mistry, E. A., Mistry, A. M., Nakawah, M. O., Khattar, N. K., Fortuny, E. M., Cruz, A. S., Froehler, M. T., Chitale, R. V., James, R. F., Fusco, M. R., Volpi, J. J. Tags: High Blood Pressure, Revascularization, Complications, Quality and Outcomes, Ischemic Stroke Original Research Source Type: research
Door-to-Puncture: A Practical Metric for Capturing and Enhancing System Processes Associated With Endovascular Stroke Care, Preliminary Results From the Rapid Reperfusion Registry Stroke
Conclusions The time interval of D2P presents a clinically relevant time frame by which system processes can be targeted to streamline the delivery of IAT care nationally. At present, there is much opportunity to enhance outcomes through reducing D2P.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - April 25, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Sun, C.-H. J., Ribo, M., Goyal, M., Yoo, A. J., Jovin, T., Cronin, C. A., Zaidat, O., Nogueira, R., Nguyen, T., Hussain, M. S., Menon, B. K., Mehta, B., Jindal, G., Horev, A., Norbash, A., Leslie-Mazwi, T., Wisco, D., Gupta, R. Tags: Stroke Source Type: research