Query: stroke

Filtered By:
Source: PM and R
Education: Study

This page shows you your search results in order of date.

Order by Relevance | Date

Total 40 results found since Jan 2013.

Ultrasonographic Evaluation for the Effect of Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy on Gastrocnemius Muscle Spasticity in Patients with Chronic Stroke
Extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) has been suggested as a useful treatment for spasticity in patients with stroke. To data, most studies used clinical or biomechanical assessments to determine the effects of treatment.
Source: PM and R - August 23, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Chang Han Lee, Seung Hun Lee, Jun-Il Yoo, Shi-Uk Lee Source Type: research

A single trial may be used for measuring muscle strength with dynamometers in individuals with stroke: A cross-sectional study
The mean of three trials is commonly employed to report measures of muscle strength after a stroke. However, only a single trial showed to provide consistent and reliable results regarding dynamometric measures of grip, pinch, and trunk strength in individuals with stroke. Nevertheless, there were not found any studies that investigated whether only a single trial could also be used for the assessment of strength of the upper and lower-limb muscles.
Source: PM and R - August 20, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Larissa Tavares Aguiar, J úlia Caetano Martins, Ludmylla Ferreira Quintino, Sherindan Ayessa Ferreira de Brito, Luci Fuscaldi Teixeira-Salmela, Christina Danielli Coelho de Morais Faria Source Type: research

Functional Outcomes of an Interdisciplinary Outpatient Rehabilitation Program for Patients with Malignant Brain Tumors
Malignant brain tumors cause significant impairments in function due to nature of the disease. Patients with malignant brain tumors can make functional gains equivalent to those with stroke and traumatic brain injury in the inpatient rehabilitation setting. However, the efficacy of outpatient rehabilitation in this population has received little study.
Source: PM and R - March 14, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Samman Shahpar, Alex W.K. Wong, Susan Keeshin, Sarah Eickmeyer, Patrick Semik, Masha Kocherginsky, Stacy McCarty Source Type: research

Safety, Tolerability, and Effectiveness of Dextromethorphan/Quinidine for Pseudobulbar Affect Among Study Participants With Traumatic Brain Injury: Results From the PRISM-II Open Label Study
Dextromethorphan 20mg /quinidine 10mg (DM/Q) was approved to treat pseudobulbar affect (PBA) based upon phase 3 trials conducted in participants with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis or multiple sclerosis. PRISM II evaluated DM/Q effectiveness, safety and tolerability for PBA following stroke, dementia or traumatic brain injury (TBI). Objective. To report results from the TBI cohort of PRISM II, including a TBI-specific functional scale. Design. Open-label trial evaluating twice daily DM/Q over 90 days.
Source: PM and R - February 22, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Flora M. Hammond, William Sauve, Fred Ledon, Charles Davis, Andrea E. Formella Source Type: research

Functional Reach, Depression Scores and Number of Medications are Associated with Number of Falls in People with Chronic Stroke
Falls are a common adverse event among people with stroke. Previous studies investigating risk of falls after stroke have relied primarily on retrospective fall history ranging from 6-12 months recall, with inconsistent findings.
Source: PM and R - December 26, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Aqeel M. Alenazi, Mohammed M. Alshehri, Shaima Alothman, Jason Rucker, Kari Dunning, Linda D ’Silva, Patricia M. Kluding Source Type: research

Functional Reach, Depression Scores, and Number of Medications Are Associated With Number of Falls in People With Chronic Stroke
Falls are a common adverse event among people with stroke. Previous studies investigating risk of falls after stroke have relied primarily on retrospective fall history ranging from 6-12 months recall, with inconsistent findings.
Source: PM and R - December 26, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Aqeel M. Alenazi, Mohammed M. Alshehri, Shaima Alothman, Jason Rucker, Kari Dunning, Linda D ’Silva, Patricia M. Kluding Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Poster 471: SIAXI: Efficacy and Safety of IncobotulinumtoxinA for the Treatment of Sialorrhea in Parkinson ’s Disease (PD), Stroke, and Other Neurological Conditions: Results of a Phase III, Placebo-Controlled, Randomized, Double-Blind Study
Andrew Blitzer: Research Grants - Merz
Source: PM and R - September 1, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Andrew Blitzer, Andrzej Friedman, Olaf Michel, Birgit Flatau-Baqu é, János Csikós, Wolfgang Jost Tags: Category: Neurological Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Poster 470: Safety and Tolerability of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation to Stroke Patients – A Phase I Current Escalation Study
Wuwei Feng: I Have No Relevant Financial Relationships To Disclose
Source: PM and R - September 1, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Wuwei Feng, Pratik Y. Chhatbar, Steven A. Kautz, Mark George Tags: Category: Neurological Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Tone-inhibiting insoles enhance the reciprocal inhibition of ankle plantarflexors of post-stroke hemiparetic subjects: an electromyographic study
Spasticity is a common sequela of upper motor neuron pathology, such as cerebrovascular diseases and cerebral palsy. Intervention for spasticity of the ankle plantarflexors in physical therapy may include tone-inhibiting casting and/or orthoses for the ankle and foot. However, the physiological mechanism of tone reduction by such orthoses remains unclarified.
Source: PM and R - July 20, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Nobushige Takahashi, Hidetoshi Takahashi, Osamu Takahashi, Ryosuke Ushijima, Rie Umebayashi, Junji Nishikawa, Yasutomo Okajima Source Type: research

Tone-Inhibiting Insoles Enhance the Reciprocal Inhibition of Ankle Plantarflexors of Subjects With Hemiparesis After Stroke: An Electromyographic Study
Spasticity is a common sequela of upper motor neuron pathology, such as cerebrovascular diseases and cerebral palsy. Intervention for spasticity of the ankle plantarflexors in physical therapy may include tone-inhibiting casting and/or orthoses for the ankle and foot. However, the physiological mechanism of tone reduction by such orthoses remains unclarified.
Source: PM and R - July 20, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Nobushige Takahashi, Hidetoshi Takahashi, Osamu Takahashi, Ryosuke Ushijima, Rie Umebayashi, Junji Nishikawa, Yasutomo Okajima Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

No difference between noxious and innocuous thermal stimulation on motor recovery of upper extremity in patients with acute stroke: a randomized controlled trial with 6-month follow-up
Thermal stimulation (TS) have been developed and incorporated in stroke rehabilitation. However, whether noxious and innocuous TS induce the same effects on motor function recovery after stroke is still unknown. A comparative study of different temperature combination regimens is needed.
Source: PM and R - June 10, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Roxane Lin, Miao-Ju Hsu, Ruey-Tay Lin, Mao-Hsiung Huang, Chia-Lin Koh, Ching-Lin Hsieh, Jau-Hong Lin Source Type: research

Combined tDCS and Vision Restoration Training in Subacute Stroke Rehabilitation: A Pilot Study
Visual field defects after posterior cerebral artery stroke can be improved by vision restoration training (VRT), but when combined with transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) which alters brain excitability, vision recovery can be potentiated in the chronic stage. To date the combination of VRT and tDCS has not been evaluated in post-acute stroke rehabilitation.
Source: PM and R - January 6, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Raimund Alber, Hermann Moser, Carolin Gall, Bernhard A. Sabel Source Type: research

Combined Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation and Vision  Restoration Training in Subacute Stroke Rehabilitation: A Pilot Study
Visual field defects after posterior cerebral artery stroke can be improved by vision restoration training (VRT), but when combined with transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), which alters brain excitability, vision recovery can be potentiated in the chronic stage. To date, the combination of VRT and tDCS has not been evaluated in postacute stroke rehabilitation.
Source: PM and R - January 6, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Raimund Alber, Hermann Moser, Carolin Gall, Bernhard A. Sabel Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

“Effects of Functional Electrical Stimulation on Reducing Falls and Improving Gait Parameters in Multiple Sclerosis and Stroke”
Loss of neuromuscular control of the ankle joint is a common impairment in neurological conditions, leading to abnormal gait and a higher risk of falling. However, limited information is available on the effectiveness of Functional Electrical Stimulation (FES) on reducing falls, and no studies have investigated its usefulness in improving lower limbs kinematics related to foot clearance and energy recovery.
Source: PM and R - November 3, 2016 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Elisa Gervasoni, Riccardo Parelli, Marcin Uszynski, Alessandro Crippa, Alberto Marzegan, Angelo Montesano, Davide Cattaneo Source Type: research

Effects of Functional Electrical Stimulation on Reducing Falls and Improving Gait Parameters in Multiple Sclerosis and Stroke
Loss of neuromuscular control of the ankle joint is a common impairment in neurologic conditions, leading to abnormal gait and a greater risk of falling. Limited information, however, is available on the effectiveness of functional electrical stimulation (FES) on reducing falls, and no studies have investigated its usefulness in improving lower limbs kinematics related to foot clearance and energy recovery.
Source: PM and R - November 3, 2016 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Elisa Gervasoni, Riccardo Parelli, Marcin Uszynski, Alessandro Crippa, Alberto Marzegan, Angelo Montesano, Davide Cattaneo Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Poster 309 Implementing the Siebens Domain Management Model During Inpatient Rehabilitation to Increase Functional Independence and Discharge Rates to Home from an Inpatient Rehabilitation Facility in Stroke Patients and Minimize Acute Discharges: IRB Approved Study
Kirill Alekseyev: I Have No Relevant Financial Relationships To Disclose
Source: PM and R - August 31, 2016 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Kirill Alekseyev, Jemmry Pantin, Calvin R. Spott, Sangita T. Bajpayee, Blair E. Conard, Marc Ross Source Type: research

Poster 286 An Ischemic Stroke and Oral Testosterone Supplementation in a Young Male: A Case Study
Brian Mugleston: I Have No Relevant Financial Relationships To Disclose
Source: PM and R - August 31, 2016 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Brian J. Mugleston, Jon A. Benfield, Brian R. Connolly, Blessen C. Eapen Source Type: research

Poster 65 Potential Predictors of General and Instrumented Activities of Daily Living in Patients with Stroke: A  Follow-Up Study
Chia-Ling Chen: I Have No Relevant Financial Relationships To Disclose
Source: PM and R - August 31, 2016 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Chia-Ling Chen, Chung-Yao Chen, Hsieh-Ching Chen, Chia-Ying Chung, Wen-chung Tsai, Chih-Kuang Chen Source Type: research

Poster 44 Pilot Comparative Study of Two Robot-Assisted Therapies in Patients with Chronic Stroke
Ching-yi Wu: I Have No Relevant Financial Relationships To Disclose
Source: PM and R - August 31, 2016 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Ching-yi Wu, Keh-chung Lin, Chung-shan Hung, Yu-wei Hsieh, Ting-ting Yeh Source Type: research

Efficacy of Inpatient Rehabilitation After Left Ventricular Assist Device Implantation
This study investigated functional improvements in patients undergoing LVAD implantation using the FIM score.
Source: PM and R - June 2, 2016 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Gardner Yost, Laura Coyle, Kristen Milkevitch, Roy Adair, Antone Tatooles, Geetha Bhat Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Efficacy of Inpatient Rehabilitation Following Left Ventricular Assist Device Implantation
This study investigated functional improvements in patients undergoing left ventricular assist device implantation using the FIM score.
Source: PM and R - June 2, 2016 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Gardner Yost, Laura Coyle, Kristen Milkevitch, Roy Adair, Antone Tatooles, Geetha Bhat Source Type: research

Falls and fear of falling after stroke: a case-control study
Falls are common after stroke with potentially serious consequences. Few investigations have included age-matched controls to directly compare fall characteristics between older adults with and without stroke. Further, fear of falling, a significant psychological consequence of falls, has only been examined to a limited degree as a risk factor for future falls in a stroke population.
Source: PM and R - June 2, 2016 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Hui-Ting Goh, Mohanasuntharaam Nadarajah, Norhamizan Binti Hamzah, Parimalaganthi Varadan, Maw Pin Tan Source Type: research

Efficacy of Inpatient Rehabilitation After Left Ventricular Assist Device Implantation
This study investigated functional improvements in patients undergoing LVAD implantation using the FIM score.
Source: PM and R - June 2, 2016 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Gardner Yost, Laura Coyle, Kristen Milkevitch, Roy Adair, Antone Tatooles, Geetha Bhat Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Falls and Fear of Falling After Stroke: A Case-Control Study
Falls are common after stroke, with potentially serious consequences. Few investigations have included age-matched control participants to directly compare fall characteristics between older adults with and without stroke. Further, fear of falling, a significant psychological consequence of falls, has only been examined to a limited degree as a risk factor for future falls in a stroke population.
Source: PM and R - June 2, 2016 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Hui-Ting Goh, Mohanasuntharaam Nadarajah, Norhamizan Binti Hamzah, Parimalaganthi Varadan, Maw Pin Tan Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

The Effects of Combination of Robot-Assisted Therapy with Task-Specific or Impairment-Oriented Training on Motor Function and Quality of Life in Chronic Stroke
Robot-assisted therapy (RT) is a promising intervention for stroke rehabilitation. RT hybridized with therapist-mediated therapy (eg, RT plus task-specific or impairment-oriented training) may possibly yield functionally relevant improvements. Comparative study of the different combination regimens is needed.
Source: PM and R - January 21, 2016 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Chung-shan Hung, Yu-wei Hsieh, Ching-yi Wu, Yi-ting Lin, Keh-chung Lin, Chia-Ling Chen Source Type: research

The Effects of Combination of Robot-Assisted Therapy With Task-Specific or Impairment-Oriented Training on Motor Function and Quality of Life in Chronic Stroke
Robot-assisted therapy (RT) is a promising intervention for stroke rehabilitation. RT hybridized with therapist-mediated therapy (eg, RT plus task-specific or impairment-oriented training) may possibly yield functionally relevant improvements. A comparative study of the different combination regimens is needed.
Source: PM and R - January 20, 2016 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Chung-shan Hung, Yu-wei Hsieh, Ching-yi Wu, Yi-ting Lin, Keh-chung Lin, Chia-ling Chen Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

The Analgesic Effect of Abobotulinum and Incobotulinum Toxins Type A in Central Poststroke Pain: Two Case Reports
The International Association for the Study of Pain defines central pain as “pain initiated or caused by primary lesion or dysfunction of the central nervous system” [1]. If it results from a stroke, it is referred to as central poststroke pain (CPSP) [1]. CPSP prevalence reports vary from 8% to 46% [3-5]. This wide variation is possibly related to the heterogeneity of stroke lesions between the populations surveyed, differences in study design, and different timing of evaluations after stroke [6].
Source: PM and R - December 12, 2015 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Alexandre Andre Gaspar de Camoes-Barbosa, Ana-Filipa Neves Tags: Case Presentation Source Type: research

Poster 75 Comparison of Tonic Stretch Reflex Activity of the Biceps and Brachioradialis in Hemiplegic Stroke Patients: Implications for Muscle Selection in Treatment of Elbow Flexor Hypertonia with Focal Chemodenervation
D. Moon, Advanced Studies in Medicine, Other
Source: PM and R - September 1, 2015 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Daniel Moon, Michael Saulino, Alberto Esquenazi, Nathaniel Mayer Source Type: research

Poster 32 Can Technology-Assisted Toilets Improve Quality of Life for Rehabilitating Stroke Patients? A Pilot Cohort Study
H. M. Finestone: I Have No Relevant Financial Relationships To Disclose.
Source: PM and R - September 1, 2015 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: David Yachnin, Jeffrey Jutai, Georges Gharib, Hillel M. Finestone Source Type: research

Poster 12 Therapeutic Effects of Gait Training and Gait-Related Training with Functional Electrical Stimulation for Chronic Stroke Patients: Prospective Observational Study
K. Sota: I Have No Relevant Financial Relationships To Disclose.
Source: PM and R - September 1, 2015 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Koichiro Sota, Tatsushi Wakasugi, Yosuke Honda, Tetsuya Harada, Shinichiro Morishita, Sayaka Adachi, Norihiko Kodama, Kazuhisa Domen Source Type: research

Walking training and functioning among elderly individuals with stroke: results of a prospective cohort study
To determine if 65 to 85-year-old individuals 3-36 months post-stroke can improve functioning and quality of life during walking rehabilitation.
Source: PM and R - July 8, 2015 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Auli H. Karttunen, Mauri Kallinen, Sinikka H. Peurala, Arja Häkkinen Source Type: research

Walking Training and Functioning Among Elderly Persons With Stroke: Results of a Prospective Cohort Study
To determine if 65- to 85-year-old persons who had a stroke within the previous 3-36 months can improve functioning and quality of life during walking rehabilitation.
Source: PM and R - July 8, 2015 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Auli H. Karttunen, Mauri Kallinen, Sinikka H. Peurala, Arja Häkkinen Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Assessment of Spasticity With Sonoelastography Following Stroke: A Feasibility Study
To investigate the feasibility of sonoelastography to show muscle stiffness in post-stroke spasticity, and the relationship between sonoelastography findings and muscle architecture features and clinical spasticity scores in the spastic gastrocnemius.
Source: PM and R - May 29, 2015 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Serdar Kesikburun, Evren Yaşar, Emre Adıgüzel, Ümüt Güzelküçük, Rıdvan Alaca, Arif Kenan Tan Source Type: research

Use of the Berg Balance Scale to predict independent gait after stroke: A study of an inpatient population in Japan
To examine whether the Berg Balance Scale (BBS) on admission and changes in it after one month predict the Functional Independence Measure (FIM) walking level 6 or 7 (modified independent and independent gait respectively) after 3 months and to determine the optimal BBS cut-off score for predicting independent gait among inpatients with first stroke in a rehabilitation facility.
Source: PM and R - January 26, 2015 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Hyuma Makizako, Norihito Kabe, Asami Takano, Kanako Isobe Source Type: research

National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) as An Early Predictor of Poststroke Dysphagia
Despite the availability of multiple, comprehensive screening methods to detect dysphagia during acute stroke care, consensus is lacking as to the best practice. Our previous study demonstrated favorable sensitivity of the Functional Independence Measure (FIM) compared with a bedside 3-sip test. However, the FIM is challenging to administer during acute stroke care. The National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) is administered routinely in the emergency department.
Source: PM and R - December 31, 2014 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Rebecca D. Jeyaseelan, Mary M. Vargo, John Chae Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) as an early predictor of post-stroke dysphagia
Despite the availability of multiple comprehensive screening methods to detect dysphagia during acute stroke care, consensus is lacking as to best practice. Our prior study demonstrated favorable sensitivity of the Functional Independence Measure (FIM) compared to a bedside 3-sip test. However, the FIM is challenging to administer during acute stroke care. The National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) is routinely administered in the emergency department.
Source: PM and R - December 31, 2014 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Rebecca D. Jeyaseelan, Mary M. Vargo, John Chae Source Type: research

Ask the Authors
Your study made progress toward the development of a mortality prediction model for stroke patients, using a national VA data set. How would such a prediction model be helpful for PM&R or other physicians for determinations of appropriate post-acute levels of care for stroke patients?
Source: PM and R - June 1, 2014 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Elizabeth Sandel, Barbara Bates Tags: Original Research Source Type: research