Query: stroke

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Source: SafetyLit

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Total 505 results found since Jan 2013.

Changes in heavy drinking following onset of health problems in a U.S. general population sample - Kerr WC, Ye Y, Greenfield TK, Williams E, Lui CK, Li L, Lown EA.
Heavy episodic drinking is a well-established risk factor for heart disease, diabetes, certain cancers, stroke, hypertension and injuries, however, little is known about whether health problems precipitate changes in subsequent drinking patterns. Retrospec...
Source: SafetyLit - December 16, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Severe brain injury in Massachusetts: assessing the continuum of care - Lorenz L, Katz G.
Acquired brain injury (ABI) is a major public health problem in Massachusetts (Hackman et al, 2014) and includes traumatic brain injury (TBI), stroke, ABI-related infectious diseases, metabolic disorders affecting the central nervous system (brain and spin...
Source: SafetyLit - December 10, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Reliability and validity of the inertial sensor-based Timed "Up and Go" test in individuals affected by stroke - W üest S, Masse F, Aminian K, Gonzenbach R, de Bruin ED.
The instrumented Timed "Up and Go" test (iTUG) has the potential for playing an important role in providing clinically useful information regarding an individual's balance and mobility that cannot be derived from the original single-outcome Timed "Up and G...
Source: SafetyLit - December 3, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Case report: acute demyelinating encephalomyelitis following viper bite - Xu A, Shan R, Huang D, Zhou J, Keenoo A, Qin J.
We present a rarely seen central nervous system complication, acute demyelinating encephalomyelitis, after a t...
Source: SafetyLit - November 17, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Non-Human Animals and Insects Source Type: news

Bowel ischemia from heat stroke: a rare presentation of an uncommon complication - Masood U, Sharma A, Syed W, Manocha D.
A healthy 27-year-old female presented to the hospital after she collapsed an hour into her first marathon run on a hot humid day. On presentation, she was hyperthermic, encephalopathic, tachycardic, and hypotensive. On admission, she was found to have lac...
Source: SafetyLit - November 16, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

A comprehensive analysis of dispatching of traumatic brain injuries in the Fifth Period at the RAJAIE Hospital in Ghachsaran - Alidadi A, Zaboli R, Abedi R, Soltanizarandi MR.
INTRODUCTION: Increasing car accidents in young group and head-stroke mechanisms in developing countryis are the main cause of brain lesions and injuries related to trauma, so that traumatic severe brain lesions and injuries and uncontrollable hemorrhage a...
Source: SafetyLit - November 11, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Effects of functional electrical stimulation on reducing falls and improving gait parameters in multiple sclerosis and stroke - Gervasoni E, Parelli R, Uszynski M, Crippa A, Marzegan A, Montesano A, Cattaneo D.
BACKGROUND: Loss of neuromuscular control of the ankle joint is a common impairment in neurological conditions, leading to abnormal gait and a higher risk of falling. However, limited information is available on the effectiveness of Functional Electrical S...
Source: SafetyLit - November 11, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Suicidal ideation in persons with neurological conditions: prevalence, associations and validation of the PHQ-9 for suicidal ideation - Altura KC, Patten SB, Fiest KM, Atta C, Bulloch AG, Jett é N.
OBJECTIVES: Our primary aim was to validate the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ)-9 as a screening tool for suicidal ideation (SI). METHODS: Persons with epilepsy (n=188), migraine (n=208), multiple sclerosis (n=151), and stroke (n=122) completed ...
Source: SafetyLit - November 9, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Treatment of severe adult traumatic brain injury using bone marrow mononuclear cells - Cox CS, Hetz RA, Liao GP, Aertker BM, Ewing-Cobbs L, Juranek J, Savitz SI, Jackson ML, Romanowska-Pawliczek AM, Triolo F, Dash PK, Pedroza C, Lee DA, Worth L, Aisiku IP, Choi HA, Holcomb JB, Kitagawa RS.
BACKGROUND: Numerous pre-clinical studies using bone marrow derived cells for the treatment of traumatic brain injury and stroke have demonstrated efficacy in terms of blood-brain barrier preservation, neurogenesis, and other functional outcomes. Phase 1 c...
Source: SafetyLit - November 5, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Posttraumatic stress disorder : trigger and consequence of vascular diseases - Sch öner J, Kronenberg G, Heinz A, Endres M, Gertz K.
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) was previously thought to be a  psychological reaction precipitated by exposure to war, sexual and physical violence; however, PTSD is also prevalent after life-threatening medical events, such as stroke and myocardial ...
Source: SafetyLit - October 27, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Exertional heat stroke and American football: what the team physician needs to know - Sylvester JE, Belval LN, Casa DJ, O'Connor FG.
Football is recognized as a leading contributor to sports injury secondary to the contact collision nature of the endeavor. While direct deaths from head and spine injury remain a significant contributor to the number of catastrophic injuries, indirect dea...
Source: SafetyLit - October 20, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

A survey exploring self-reported indoor and outdoor footwear habits, foot problems and fall status in people with stroke and Parkinson's - Bowen C, Ashburn A, Cole M, Donovan-Hall M, Burnett M, Robison J, Mamode L, Pickering R, Bader D, Kunkel D.
BACKGROUND: Ill-fitting shoes have been implicated as a risk factor for falls but research to date has focused on people with arthritis, diabetes and the general older population; little is known about people with neurological conditions. This survey for p...
Source: SafetyLit - October 10, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Concussion research at the National Institutes of Health: an update from the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke - Mott M, Koroshetz W.
[Abstract unavailable] Language: en...
Source: SafetyLit - October 6, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Commentary Source Type: news

Functional electrical stimulation cycling does not improve mobility in people with acquired brain injury and its effects on strength are unclear: a randomised controlled trial - de Sousa DG, Harvey LA, Dorsch S, Leung J, Harris W.
QUESTION: Does 4 weeks of active functional electrical stimulation (FES) cycling in addition to usual care improve mobility and strength more than usual care alone in people with a sub-acute acquired brain injury caused by stroke or trauma? DESIGN: Multi c...
Source: SafetyLit - September 23, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Poststroke agitation and aggression and social quality of life: a case control study - Lau CG, Tang WK, Liu XX, Liang HJ, Liang Y, Wong A, Mok V, Ungvari GS, Wong KS, Kim JS, Paradiso S.
This study aimed to examine the associati...
Source: SafetyLit - September 9, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Relationship between walking capacity, biopsychosocial factors, self-efficacy, and walking activity in individuals poststroke - Danks KA, Pohlig RT, Roos M, Wright TR, Reisman DS.
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Many factors appear to be related to physical activity after stroke, yet it is unclear how these factors interact and which ones might be the best predictors. Therefore, the purpose of this study was twofold: (1) to examine the relation...
Source: SafetyLit - August 27, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Neuropathophysiology of brain injury - Quillinan N, Herson PS, Traystman RJ.
Every year in the United States, millions of individuals incur ischemic brain injury from stroke, cardiac arrest, or traumatic brain injury. These acquired brain injuries can lead to death or long-term neurologic and neuropsychological impairments. The mec...
Source: SafetyLit - August 20, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Diagnosis and mortality in prehospital emergency patients transported to hospital: a population-based and registry-based cohort study - Christensen EF, Larsen TM, Jensen FB, Bendtsen MD, Hansen PA, Johnsen SP, Christiansen CF.
We examined the diag...
Source: SafetyLit - July 9, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Mathematical modelling of blood-brain barrier failure and oedema - Lang GE, Vella D, Waters SL, Goriely A.
Injuries such as traumatic brain injury and stroke can result in increased blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability. This increase may lead to water accumulation in the brain tissue resulting in vasogenic oedema. Although the initial injury may be localized,...
Source: SafetyLit - June 27, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Relativistic-microwave theory of ball lightning - Wu HC.
Ball lightning, a fireball sometimes observed during lightnings, has remained unexplained. Here we present a comprehensive theory for the phenomenon: At the tip of a lightning stroke reaching the ground, a relativistic electron bunch can be produced, which...
Source: SafetyLit - June 26, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Women and stroke patients are more at risk for fall-related injury among older persons - Darjoko ST, Djoeworo WR, Sapardin AN.
The objective of this study was to determine the major risk factors and the magnitude of the risk ...
Source: SafetyLit - May 20, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news

Accelerometry-based gait characteristics evaluated using a smartphone and their association with fall risk in people with chronic stroke - Isho T, Tashiro H, Usuda S.
BACKGROUND: The smartphone, which contains inertial sensors, is currently available and affordable device and has the potential to provide a self-assessment tool for health management. The aims of this study were to use a smartphone to record trunk acceler...
Source: SafetyLit - May 18, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news

Regulation of gait and balance: the underappreciated role of neuronal nicotinic receptor agonists - Young MF, Wecker L.
Alterations in gait and balance are manifest in numerous neurological disorders such as the ataxias and Parkinson's disease, and may occur as a consequence of stroke, traumatic brain injury and chemical insults to the brain. Although the underlying etiolog...
Source: SafetyLit - April 16, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

A neurophysiological approach for evaluating noise-induced sleep disturbance: calculating the time constant of the dynamic characteristics in the brainstem - Tagusari J, Matsui T.
Chronic sleep disturbance induced by traffic noise is considered to cause environmental sleep disorder, which increases the risk of cardiovascular disease, stroke, diabetes and other stress-related diseases. However, noise indices for the evaluation of sle...
Source: SafetyLit - April 16, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Distraction, Fatigue, Chronobiology, Vigilance, Workload Source Type: news

Wearable barometric pressure sensor to improve postural transition recognition of mobility-impaired stroke patients - Masse F, Gonzenbach R, Paraschiv-Ionescu A, Luft A, Aminian K.
Sit-to-stand and Stand-to-sit transfers (STS) provide relevant information regarding the functional limitation of mobility-impaired patients. The characterization of STS pattern using a single trunk fixed inertial sensor has been proposed as an objective t...
Source: SafetyLit - April 9, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news

Perceived factors in return to work after acquired brain injury: a qualitative meta-synthesis - Frostad Liaset I, Lorås H.
OBJECTIVES A substantial proportion of survivors after brain injuries originating from trauma, tumour, or stroke may experience reduced ability to work due to a number of challenges. The purpose of this review is to summarize and highlight factors that hav...
Source: SafetyLit - March 25, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Challenging return to play decisions: heat stroke, exertional rhabdomyolysis, and exertional collapse associated with sickle cell trait - Asplund CA, O'Connor FG.
CONTEXT: Sports medicine providers frequently return athletes to play after sports-related injuries and conditions. Many of these conditions have guidelines or medical evidence to guide the decision-making process. Occasionally, however, sports medicine pr...
Source: SafetyLit - March 3, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Chronic subdural hematoma in the aged, trauma or degeneration? - Lee KS.
Chronic subdural hematomas (CSHs) are generally regarded to be a traumatic lesion. It was regarded as a stroke in 17th century, an inflammatory disease in 19th century. From 20th century, it became a traumatic lesion. CSH frequently occur after a trauma, h...
Source: SafetyLit - February 26, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news

'Too much of a coincidence': identical twins with exertional heatstroke in the same race - Smith R, Jones N, Martin D, Kipps C.
This report discusses a unique case of monozygotic male twins who both collapsed with exertional heat stroke (EHS) during the same marathon in relatively cool conditions. The twins were official race pacers in a popular city marathon held in the early spri...
Source: SafetyLit - February 21, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Environmental Issues, Climate, Geophysics Source Type: news

Street orientation and side of the street greatly influence the microclimatic benefits street trees can provide in summer - Sanusi R, Johnstone D, May P, Livesley SJ.
Maintaining human thermal comfort (HTC) is essential for pedestrians because people outside can be more susceptible to heat stress and heat stroke. Modification of street microclimates using tree canopy cover can provide important benefits to pedestrians, ...
Source: SafetyLit - February 19, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Environmental Issues, Climate, Geophysics Source Type: news

Visuospatial neglect from stroke causing a motor vehicle collision - Liberman AL, Wilson CA, Cucchiara BL.
[Abstract unavailable] Language: en...
Source: SafetyLit - February 5, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Distraction, Fatigue, Chronobiology, Vigilance, Workload Source Type: news

Planning of spatially-oriented locomotion following focal brain damage in humans: a pilot study - Hicheur H, Boujon C, Wong C, Pham QC, Annoni JM, Bihl T.
Motor impairments in human gait following stroke or focal brain damage are well documented. Here, we investigated whether stroke and/or focal brain damage also affect the navigational component of spatially oriented locomotion. Ten healthy adult participan...
Source: SafetyLit - January 18, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Anticoagulation for atrial fibrillation in the patient at risk for falls - Petreska I, Perrier A.
The incidence of atrial fibrillation increases with age as does the risk of subsequent ischemic stroke. Falls are a frequent problem in the geriatric population and often hamper the clinician in prescribing anticoagulants despite an indication based on the...
Source: SafetyLit - December 22, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news

"Gunslinger's gait": a new cause of unilaterally reduced arm swing - Araújo R, Ferreira JJ, Antonini A, Bloem BR.
OBJECTIVE:  To postulate a new possible cause of a unilaterally reduced arm swing in addition to the known medical conditions such as shoulder pathology, Erb's palsy, stroke, and Parkinson's disease. METHODS:  Analysis of YouTube videos depicting...
Source: SafetyLit - December 22, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Sleep disturbance and deficits of sustained attention following stroke - Pearce SC, Stolwyk RJ, New PW, Anderson C.
OBJECTIVE: To simultaneously investigate the prevalence of and impact that the poststroke complications of daytime sleepiness, poor sleep quality, depression, and fatigue may be having upon deficits of sustained attention, as assessed using the Psychomotor...
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - November 28, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Distraction, Fatigue, Chronobiology, Vigilance, Workload Source Type: news

Temporal stability and responsiveness of the Montreal Cognitive Assessment following acquired brain injury - Lim PA, McLean AM, Kilpatrick C, DeForge D, Iverson GL, Silverberg ND.
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the temporal stability and responsiveness of the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) in acquired brain injury (ABI). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: English-speaking adults with stroke or moderate-to-severe traumatic brain injury were...
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - November 15, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Heat illness in football: current concepts - Krohn AR, Sikka R, Olson DE.
Despite growing health and safety concerns, American football remains a vastly popular sport in the United States. Unfortunately, even with increased efforts in promoting education and hydration, the incidence of death from exertional heat stroke continues...
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - November 15, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Three cases of cervicocephalic artery dissection in an amusement park - Kurita N, Ueno Y, Watanabe M, Miyamoto N, Shimura H, Nonaka S, Tsutsumi S, Yasumoto Y, Hattori N, Urabe T.
About 20 cases of cerebrovascular accidents in amusement parks have been documented. However, only a few cases of amusement park stroke (APS) after roller coaster rides have been reported. Here, we present triggers of stroke, clinical characteristics, and ...
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - October 22, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Opioid medication practices observed in chronic pain patients presenting for all-causes to emergency departments: prevalence and impact on health care outcomes - Ernst FR, Mills R, Berner T, House J, Herndon C.
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain is a significant health problem that affects an estimated 100 million American adults (aged ≥ 18 years). Chronic pain affects more individuals than heart disease, stroke, diabetes, and cancer combined. Chronic pain sufferers co...
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - September 26, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Heatstroke effect on brain heme oxygenase-1 in rats - Wen YT, Liu TT, Lin YF, Chen CC, Kung WM, Huang CC, Lin TJ, Wang YH, Wei L.
Exposure to high environmental temperature leading to increased core body temperature above 40°C and central nervous system abnormalities such as convulsions, delirium, or coma is defined as heat stroke. Studies in humans and animals indicate that the hea...
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - September 26, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Environmental Issues, Climate, Geophysics Source Type: news

Effect of falls on frequency of atrial fibrillation and mortality risk (from the REasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke Study) - O'Neal WT, Qureshi WT, Judd SE, Bowling CB, Howard VJ, Howard G, Soliman EZ.
It is unclear if patients who have atrial fibrillation (AF) have a greater fall risk compared with those in the general population and if falls increase mortality beyond that observed in AF. A total of 24,117 (mean age 65 ± 9.3 years; 55% women; 38% black...
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - August 22, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Fatal heat stroke in a child entrapped in a confined space - Alunni V, Crenesse D, Pierccechi-Marti MD, Gaillard Y, Quatrehomme G.
We report the case of a child succumbing to heatstroke caused by confinement in an icebox. The post mortem examination found cyanosis and hematomas indicating that the child had tried to get out of the container. The temperature of the body was higher than...
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - July 18, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

Heavy ethanol consumption aggravates the ischemic cerebral injury by inhibiting ALDH2 - Wang W, Lin LL, Guo JM, Cheng YQ, Qian J, Mehta JL, Su DF, Luan P, Liu AJ.
This study aims to find out the mechanism of the ischemic cerebral...
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - July 18, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Village voices: lessons about processes for disease prevention from a qualitative study of family health leaders in a community in northeastern Thailand - Jongudomkarn D, Singhawara P, Macduff C.
BACKGROUND: Cancer is a primary source of concern in Thailand and other countries around the world, including the Asian-Pacific region. Evidence supports that an important contributing cause of cancer and other chronic illnesses such as stroke, diabetes, a...
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - June 6, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Areas of brain damage underlying increased reports of behavioral disinhibition - Knutson KM, Dal Monte O, Schintu S, Wassermann EM, Raymont V, Grafman J, Krueger F.
Disinhibition, the inability to inhibit inappropriate behavior, is seen in frontal-temporal degeneration, Alzheimer's disease, and stroke. Behavioral disinhibition leads to social and emotional impairments, including impulsive behavior and disregard for so...
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - May 15, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Heatstroke induces liver injury via IL-1β and HMGB1-induced pyroptosis - Geng Y, Ma Q, Liu YN, Peng N, Yuan FF, Li XG, Li M, Wu YS, Li BL, Song WB, Zhu W, Xu WW, Fan J, Su L.
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Liver injury is a common complication of heat stroke (HS), and often constitutes a direct cause for patient death. The cellular and molecular mechanism underlying HS-induced liver injury remains unclear. Recent evidence indicates that in...
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - May 11, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Suicide after stroke - Karceski S.
[Abstract unavailable] Language: en...
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - May 7, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

A systematic review of the efficacy of self-management programs for increasing physical activity in community-dwelling adults with acquired brain injury (ABI) - Jones TM, Dean CM, Hush JM, Dear BF, Titov N.
BACKGROUND: Individuals living with acquired brain injury, typically caused by stroke or trauma, are far less likely to achieve recommended levels of physical activity for optimal health and well-being. With a growing number of people living with chronic d...
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - May 7, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Minor trauma causing stroke in a young athlete - Gupta V, Dhawan N, Bahl J.
A 17-year-old Caucasian male presented with sudden dizziness, ataxia, vertigo, and clumsiness lasting for a couple of hours. He had a subtle trauma during a wrestling match 2 days prior to the presentation. A CT Angiogram (CTA) and MRI showed left vertebra...
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - April 24, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Exertional heat illness: emerging concepts and advances in prehospital care - Pryor RR, Roth RN, Suyama J, Hostler D.
Exertional heat illness is a classification of disease with clinical presentations that are not always diagnosed easily. Exertional heat stroke is a significant cause of death in competitive sports, and the increasing popularity of marathons races and ultr...
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - April 17, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news