Query: stroke

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Total 506 results found since Jan 2013.

Exertional heat illness: emerging concepts and advances in prehospital care - Pryor RR, Roth RN, Suyama J, Hostler D.
Exertional heat illness is a classification of disease with clinical presentations that are not always diagnosed easily. Exertional heat stroke is a significant cause of death in competitive sports, and the increasing popularity of marathons races and ultr...
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - April 17, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Relationship between depression and strength training in survivors of the ischemic stroke - Aidar FJ, de Matos DG, de Oliveira RJ, Carneiro AL, Cabral BG, Dantas PM, Reis VM.
This study aimed to analyze the influence of a strength traini...
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - February 28, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Exploring associations between self-reported executive functions, impulsive personality traits, driving self-efficacy, and functional abilities in driver behaviour after brain injury - Rike PO, Johansen HJ, Ulleberg P, Lundqvist A, Schanke AK.
OBJECTIVE The assessment of self-awareness and self-efficacy as they relate to driving after stroke and TBI is lacking in the literature where the focus has tended to be on neuropsychological testing of underlying component of cognition in predicting driv...
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - February 19, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Distraction, Fatigue, Chronobiology, Vigilance, Workload Source Type: news

Use of the Berg Balance Scale to predict independent gait after stroke: a study of an inpatient population in Japan - Makizako H, Kabe N, Takano A, Isobe K.
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether the Berg Balance Scale (BBS) on admission and changes in it after one month predict the Functional Independence Measure (FIM) walking level 6 or 7 (modified independent and independent gait respectively) after 3 months and to ...
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - February 5, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Reply: life-threatening events during endurance sports: is heat stroke more prevalent than arrhythmic death? - Yankelson L, Steinvil A, Adler A, Viskin S.
[Abstract unavailable] Language: en...
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - February 5, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Environmental Issues, Climate, Geophysics Source Type: news

Stroke after piercing barbed wire injury: a time for introspection - Jain RS, Agrawal R, Kumar S, Gupta PK.
Traumatic internal carotid artery (ICA) dissections are uncommon and an easily overlooked consequence of trauma with significant morbidity and mortality. These dissections may result from a direct blow to the anterolateral aspect of the neck or an extreme ...
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - February 5, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Epidemiology of neurological disorders in India: review of background, prevalence and incidence of epilepsy, stroke, Parkinson's disease and tremors - Gourie-Devi M.
Growth and development of neuroepidemiology in India during the last four decades has been documented highlighting the historical milestones. The prevalence rates of the spectrum of neurological disorders from different regions of the country ranged from 9...
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - January 20, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Risk Factor Prevalence, Injury Occurrence Source Type: news

Heat stress illness hospitalizations - environmental public health tracking program, 20 states, 2001-2010 - Choudhary E, Vaidyanathan A.
Problem/Condition: Heat stress illness (HSI), also known as heat-related illness, comprises mild heat edema, heat syncope, heat cramps, heat exhaustion (the most common type of HSI), and heat stroke (the most severe form). CDC's Environmental Public Health...
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - December 30, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Environmental Issues, Climate, Geophysics Source Type: news

Injury-induced neurogenesis: mechanisms and relevance - Yu TS, Washington PM, Kernie SG.
Partial recovery from brain injury due to trauma, hypoxia, or stroke, is ubiquitous and occurs largely through unknown mechanisms. It is now well accepted that injury enhances proliferation of quiescent stem and progenitor cells in specialized niches withi...
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - December 20, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Ability of low-cost force-feedback device to influence postural stability - Baud-Bovy G, Tatti F, Borghese A.
Low-cost gaming technologies offer promising devices for the rehabilitation of stroke patients at home. While several attempts have been made to use low-cost motion tracking devices (Kinect) or balance boards (Wii Board), the potential of low-cost haptic d...
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - November 22, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

The influence of solid ankle-foot-orthoses on forward propulsion and dynamic balance in healthy adults during walking - Vistamehr A, Kautz SA, Neptune RR.
BACKGROUND: In post-stroke hemiparetic subjects, solid polypropylene ankle-foot-orthoses are commonly prescribed to assist in foot clearance during swing while bracing the ankle during stance. Mobility demands, such as changing walking speed and direction,...
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - November 14, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Can psychomotor vigilance task improve the diagnosis of excessive daytime sleepiness in stroke patients? - Cremaschi RC, Tufik S, Coelho FM.
[Abstract unavailable] Language: en...
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - October 25, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Distraction, Fatigue, Chronobiology, Vigilance, Workload Source Type: news

Visual scanning training for neglect after stroke with and without a computerized lane tracking dual task - van Kessel ME, Geurts AC, Brouwer WH, Fasotti L.
Neglect patients typically fail to explore the contralesional half-space. During visual scanning training, these patients learn to consciously pay attention to contralesional target stimuli. It has been suggested that combining scanning training with metho...
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - September 25, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Distraction, Fatigue, Chronobiology, Vigilance, Workload Source Type: news

Visuospatial asymmetry in dual-task performance after subacute stroke - van Kessel ME, van Nes IJ, Geurts AC, Brouwer WH, Fasotti L.
Various authors have referred to an association between neglect and non-spatial components of attention. It has been suggested that an increase in attentional load could exacerbate neglect symptoms and reveal subtle, well-compensated neglect. In the presen...
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - September 25, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Distraction, Fatigue, Chronobiology, Vigilance, Workload Source Type: news

Role of proprioceptive information to control balance during gait in healthy and hemiparetic individuals - Mullie Y, Duclos C.
Proprioceptive information is important for balance control yet little is known about how it is used during gait or how a stroke affects its use. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of proprioception in controlling balance during gait in healthy...
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - August 23, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Balance assessment in older people using inertial sensors - Ghahramani M, Naghdy F, Stirling D, Naghdy G.
People at the age of 65 and above are drastically at the risk of falling. Falls among elderly may occur because of many physical factors such as natural deterioration of motor function or other disease related problems such as stroke, Parkinson's or Alzhei...
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - August 3, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news

Late-life depression in the primary care setting: challenges, collaborative care, and prevention - Hall CA, Reynolds-Iii CF.
Late-life depression is highly prevalent worldwide. In addition to being a debilitating illness, it is a risk factor for excess morbidity and mortality. Older adults with depression are at risk for dementia, coronary heart disease, stroke, cancer and suici...
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - July 12, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news

Unilateral hippocampal infarction associated with an attempted suicide: a case report - Nishiyori Y, Nishida M, Shioda K, Suda S, Kato S.
INTRODUCTION: In our case report we describe the case of a patient who experienced a stroke in her left hippocampus that was found following an attempted suicide via glyphosate overdose. To the best of our knowledge this is the first case report to describ...
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - July 1, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Post-stroke driving: examining the effect of executive dysfunction - Motta K, Lee H, Falkmer T.
INTRODUCTION: Executive dysfunction can refer to both neurocognitive deficits and behavioral symptoms that include impaired judgment, slow decision making, disorganization, impulsiveness, and risk-taking behaviors. Executive dysfunction is relatively commo...
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - June 14, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Distraction, Fatigue, Chronobiology, Vigilance, Workload Source Type: news

The implementation of a protocol for the prevention and management of exertional heat illness in sport - Broman D, Fearn R, Wittenberg M.
BACKGROUND: The risk of heat-related illness in sport is significant. It can range from minor symptoms, through heat exhaustion to heat stroke, coma and possible death. Early recognition and cooling can reduce morbidity and mortality associated with exerti...
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - June 10, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Environmental Issues, Climate, Geophysics Source Type: news

The PARTY program: a systematic approach to injury prevention for young road users around the world - Brockamp T, Koenen P, Wyen H, Mutschler M, Wafaisade A, Maegele M, Paffrath T, Probst C, Bouillon B.
Trauma remains the number one cause of death for the youngest half of the population and is responsible for more productive years of life lost than cancer, stroke, and heart disease combined. In most regions of the world this epidemic of road traffic in...
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - June 7, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Potentially preventable deaths from the five leading causes of death - United States, 2008-2010 - Yoon PW, Bastian B, Anderson RN, Collins JL, Jaffe HW.
In 2010, the top five causes of death in the United States were 1) diseases of the heart, 2) cancer, 3) chronic lower respiratory diseases, 4) cerebrovascular diseases (stroke), and 5) unintentional injuries. The rates of death from each cause vary greatly...
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - May 3, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Commentary Source Type: news

The efficacy of self-management programmes for increasing physical activity in community-dwelling adults with acquired brain injury (ABI): a systematic review - Jones TM, Hush JM, Dear BF, Titov N, Dean CM.
BACKGROUND: Acquired brain injury (ABI), often arising from stroke or trauma, is a common cause of long-term disability, physical inactivity and poor health outcomes globally. Individuals with ABI face many barriers to increasing physical activity, such as...
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - May 1, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Disorders caused by heat, cold, and abnormal pressure - Horie S.
Exposure to heat disturbs the homeostasis of body water, serum osmosis, and core temperature, resulting in the development of heat cramp, heat syncope, heat exhaustion, and heat stroke. Commonly coexisting risks are humidity, windlessness, infrared radiati...
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - April 24, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Update: heat injuries, active component, U.S. Armed Forces, 2013 -
The number of active component service members treated for heat stroke in 2013 (n=324) was the lowest since 2010 (n=321). Incidence rates of heat stroke were higher among males, those younger than 20 years of age, Asian/Pacific Islanders, Marine Corps and ...
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - April 23, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Environmental Issues, Climate, Geophysics Source Type: news

Unusual heat stroke caused by herbal therapy with traditional Chinese medicine - Deng H, Wu X, Wu L, Zhang H.
Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) comprises a range of traditional medical practices that originate in China, including herbal medicine as a major therapy. Through its 4 natures; namely, cold, hot, warm, and cool, herbal medicine may regulate sympathetic ...
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - April 22, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Risk factors for poststroke depression: identification of inconsistencies based on a systematic review - De Ryck A, Brouns R, Geurden M, Elseviers M, De Deyn PP, Engelborghs S.
OBJECTIVE: Depression after stroke or poststroke depression (PSD) has a negative impact on the rehabilitation process and the associated rehabilitation outcome. Consequently, defining risk factors for development of PSD is important. The relationship betwe...
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - April 13, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news

Heat stroke burn: unusual cutaneous damage due to heat wave - Nakamura Y, Takeo N, Goto M, Kai Y, Hatano Y, Okamoto O, Fujiwara S, Tanabe S, Takenaka R, Fudaba H, Kubo T, Fujiki M.
[Abstract unavailable] Language: en...
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - March 15, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

The capacity to restore steady gait after a step modification is reduced in people with poststroke drop foot using an ankle-foot orthosis - van Swigchem R, Roerdink M, Weerdesteyn V, Geurts AC, Daffertshofer A.
This study aimed to quantify their capacity to restore steady gait after a step...
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - February 25, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Heat illness in military populations: Asking the right questions for research - Stacey M, Woods D, Ross D, Wilson D.
Reports of death and injury in military populations due to exertional heat illness (EHI) and its most severe form, exertional heat stroke, date from antiquity. Yet, understanding of why one soldier may succumb to EHI, while those around him do not, is inco...
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - January 16, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Environmental Issues, Climate, Geophysics Source Type: news

The neuropathology of sport - McKee AC, Daneshvar DH, Alvarez VE, Stein TD.
The benefits of regular exercise, physical fitness and sports participation on cardiovascular and brain health are undeniable. Physical activity reduces the risk for cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, hypertension, obesity, and stroke, and produces b...
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - January 11, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Falls are associated with stroke, arthritis and multiple medications among community-dwelling elderly persons in Japan - Mizukami S, Arima K, Abe Y, Kanagae M, Kusano Y, Niino N, Aoyagi K.
Falls are a major public health problem and the second leading cause of death due to unintentional accidental injury after road traffic accidents. Inactive, older individuals with several chronic illnesses fall more frequently than older individuals who ar...
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - December 15, 2013 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news

Deficit awareness and cognitive performance in individuals with acquired brain injury - Long K, Reger B, Adams G.
This study concerned the question of whe...
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - December 6, 2013 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Comparison of foot pedal reaction time among patients with right or left hemiplegia and able-bodied controls - Pauley T, Ismail F, Boulias C, Devlin M, Phadke CP.
BACKGROUND: Although inpatient stroke rehabilitation provides clinicians with the opportunity to prepare patients for continuation of prestroke activities, little is known about the patients' ability to safely resume driving at the point of discharge to th...
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - December 2, 2013 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Self-inflicted vertebral artery dissection: a case report and review of literature - Kowlgi NG, Gowani SA, Mota P, Haider J.
Vertebral artery dissection (VAD) is an important cause of stroke in the young. It can present nonspecifically and may be misdiagnosed leading to adverse consequences. Dissections are usually preceded by trauma or mechanical stress; the vascular stressors ...
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - December 2, 2013 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Children left unattended in parked vehicles: A focus on recent italian cases and a review of literature - Ferrara P, Vena F, Caporale O, Del Volgo V, Liberatore P, Ianniello F, Chiaretti A, Riccardi R.
Every year a lot of children die from heat stroke and hyperthermia because they have been left unattended in closed automobiles. These fatalities have augmented slightly in the past decade, but they are a poor recognized type of vehicle injury and little r...
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - November 15, 2013 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

Heat-related illness - Atha WF.
Environmental exposure to high temperatures can result in abnormalities ranging from mild heat exhaustion to heat stroke with multiorgan system failure. An understanding of the mechanisms of thermoregulation and how those mechanisms fail with extreme heat ...
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - November 10, 2013 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Environmental Issues, Climate, Geophysics Source Type: news

Learning from each other: The Special Cell and domestic violence activist responses in different contexts across the world - Hague G.
Designed to act possibly as an anchor for other contributions, this article responds to the preceding article on the Special Cell for Women and Children in Mumbai, and offers a broad, brush-stroke overview of a selection of criminal justice-focused activis...
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - October 28, 2013 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Program and Other Evaluations, Effectiveness Studies Source Type: news

"Is it worth risking your life?": Ethnography, risk and death on the U.S.-Mexico border - Holmes SM.
This article utilizes participant observation fie...
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - October 23, 2013 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Environmental Issues, Climate, Geophysics Source Type: news

Accuracy of two activity monitors in detecting steps in people with stroke and traumatic brain injury - Fulk GD, Combs SA, Danks KA, Nirider CD, Raja B, Reisman DS.
BACKGROUND: Advances in sensor technologies and signal processing techniques provide a method to accurately measure walking activity in the home and community. Activity monitors geared towards consumer/patient use may be an alternative to more expensive mo...
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - October 1, 2013 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Characteristics of lightning-attributed wildland fires in south-east Australia - Dowdy AJ, Mills GA.
Wildland fires attributed to lightning ignitions in Victoria, Australia, are examined systematically through the use of lightning occurrence data. Lightning stroke data were obtained by a network of ground-based lightning detection sensors over a 9-year pe...
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - September 8, 2013 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Traumatic injury may be a predisposing factor for cerebrovascular accident - Wojcik JB, Benns MV, Franklin GA, Harbrecht BG, Broughton-Miller KD, Frisbie MC, Smith JW, Pentecost KM, Bozeman MC.
The purpose of the study was to assess whether trauma may be an independent risk factor for stroke. Evidence has shown that trauma patients experience a hypercoagulable state postinjury, increasing the risk of thrombotic events. A case-controlled, retrospe...
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - September 8, 2013 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Association of ischemic and hemorrhagic cerebral stroke due to severe envenomation by the Sahara horned viper (Cerastes cerastes) - Aissaoui Y, Hammi S, Chkoura K, Ennafaa I, Boughalem M.
Viper envenomation can cause complex disorders of hemostasis. These disorders usually lead to hemorrhagic syndrome. The occurrence of thrombosis is exceptional. This case report describes a severe envenomation by the Saharan horned viper (Cerastes cerastes...
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - August 20, 2013 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Non-Human Animals and Insects Source Type: news

Heat stroke risk for open-water swimmers during long-distance events - Macaluso F, Barone R, Isaacs AW, Farina F, Morici G, Di Felice V.
Open-water swimming is a rapidly growing sport discipline worldwide, and clinical problems associated with long-distance swimming are now better recognized and managed more effectively. The most prevalent medical risk associated with an open-water swimming...
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - August 6, 2013 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Drowning, Suffocation Source Type: news

Cervical arterial injury after strangulation-different types of arterial lesions - Le Blanc-Louvry I, Papin F, Vaz E, Proust B.
We report three unusual cases where strangulation induced immediate stroke. CAI were examined using brain CT scan and Doppler ultrasonography in the three cases and then by autopsy in one ...
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - July 27, 2013 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Drowning, Suffocation Source Type: news

Classification of falls in stroke rehabilitation - not all falls are the same - Hanger HC, Wills KL, Wilkinson T.
OBJECTIVE:To develop a practical taxonomy of falls and to determine whether these different fall groups have different outcomes.Design:Descriptive study examining patient characteristics at the time of each fall and iterative development of falls taxonomy....
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - July 27, 2013 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Accelerated death rate in population-based cohort of persons with traumatic brain injury - Selassie AW, Cao Y, Church EC, Saunders LL, Krause J.
OBJECTIVES:: To determine the influence of preexisting heart, liver, kidney, cancer, stroke, and mental health problems and examine the influence of low socioeconomic status on mortality after discharge from acute care facilities for individuals with traum...
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - July 14, 2013 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Home rehabilitation system supported by the safety model - Kuusik A, Sarna K, Reilent E.
The paper describes a tele-rehabilitation system for simultaneous motor rehabilitation (post-stroke and post-arthroscopy) and continuous patient's condition assessment with the focus on patient safety observations. Micro-electro-mechanical accelerometer an...
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - June 17, 2013 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Falls Source Type: news

Cognitive outcome in childhood after unilateral perinatal brain injury - van Buuren LM, van der Aa NE, Dekker HC, Vermeulen RJ, van Nieuwenhuizen O, van Schooneveld MM, de Vries LS.
AIM: The aim of the study was to assess cognitive outcome in children with periventricular haemorrhagic infarction (PVHI) or perinatal arterial ischaemic stroke (PAIS) and relate these findings to early developmental outcome and neonatal magnetic resonance...
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - June 17, 2013 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Neurological and psychiatric aspects of emotion - Starkstein SE, Tranel D.
Neurological and psychiatric aspects of emotions have been the focus of intense research for the past 30 years. Studies in both acute (e.g., stroke, traumatic brain injury (TBI)) and chronic (e.g., dementia, Parkinson's disease) neurological disorders demo...
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - May 7, 2013 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news