Query: stroke

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Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

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Total 954 results found since Jan 2013.

Impact of Outpatient Rehabilitation Medicare Reimbursement Caps on Utilization and Cost of Rehabilitation Care After Ischemic Stroke: Do Caps Contain Costs?
To estimate the proportion of patients with ischemic stroke who fall within and above the total outpatient rehabilitation caps before and after the Balanced Budget Act of 1997 took effect; and to estimate the cost of poststroke outpatient rehabilitation cost and resource utilization in these patients before and after the implementation of the caps.
Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - July 28, 2015 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Annie N. Simpson, Heather S. Bonilha, Abby S. Kazley, James S. Zoller, Kit N. Simpson, Charles Ellis Tags: Original research Source Type: research

Agreement between responses from community-dwelling persons with stroke and their proxies on the NIH Neurological Quality of Life (Neuro-QoL) Short Forms
To examine agreement between patient and proxy responses on the Quality of Life in Neurological Disorders (Neuro-QoL) instruments after stroke.
Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - July 21, 2015 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Allan J. Kozlowski, Ritika Singh, David Victorson, Ana Miskovic, Jin-Shei Lai, Richard L. Harvey, David Cella, Allen W. Heinemann Source Type: research

Voluntary Cough and Swallowing Function Characteristics of Acute Stroke Patients Based on Lesion Type
To investigate the relationship between voluntary cough and swallowing function according to the type of lesion in acute stroke patients.
Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - July 13, 2015 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Sook Joung Lee, Kyeong Woo Lee, Sang Beom Kim, Jong Hwa Lee, Min Kyu Park Source Type: research

How do Fugl-Meyer arm motor scores relate to dexterity according to the Action Research Arm test at 6 months post stroke?
The Action Research Arm Test (ARAT) and the Fugl-Meyer assessment of the upper extremity (FM-UE) are frequently used outcome measures for arm-hand capacity and motor impairments of the upper paretic limb after stroke. The aim of the present study was to determine the optimal cut-off scores for the FM-UE with regard to predicting no, poor, limited, notable or full upper limb capacity according to frequently used cut-off points for the ARAT at 6 months post stroke.
Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - July 2, 2015 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Maurits H.W.J. Hoonhorst, Rinske H.M. Nijland, Jan S.P. van den Berg, Cornelis H. Emmelot, Boudewijn J. Kollen, Gert Kwakkel Source Type: research

Fear Avoidance Behavior, Not Walking Endurance, Predicts the Community Reintegration of Community-Dwelling Stroke Survivors
To examine the contribution of walking endurance, subjective balance confidence, and fear avoidance behavior to community reintegration among community-dwelling stroke survivors.
Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - May 19, 2015 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tai-Wa Liu, Shamay S. Ng, Patrick W. Kwong, Gabriel Y. Ng Tags: Original research Source Type: research

Fear-avoidance behavior, not walking endurance, predicts the community reintegration of community-dwelling stroke survivors
To examine the contribution of walking endurance, subjective balance confidence and fear avoidance behavior (FAB) to community reintegration among community-dwelling stroke survivors.
Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - May 19, 2015 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: T.W. Liu, Shamay S.M. Ng, Patrick W.H. Kwong, Gabriel Y.F. Ng Source Type: research

Effect of Anterior Ankle-Foot Orthoses on Weight Shift in Persons with Stroke
To examine the effects of an anterior ankle-foot orthosis (AAFO) on the speed and accuracy of weight shift in persons with stroke.
Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - May 18, 2015 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Chiung-Ling Chen, Fen-Fen Chen, Chung-Hui Lin, Shu-Zon Lou, Hsin-Yi Chang, Kwok-Tak Yeung Source Type: research

Feasibility of Measuring Ventilatory Threshold in Adults with Stroke-Induced Hemiparesis: Implications for Exercise Prescription
Assess the feasibility of measuring ventilatory threshold (VT) in adults with walking impairments due to stroke. Secondary objectives: assess reliability of VT over trials; assess whether participants could sustain treadmill walking at VT; compare mean heart rate (HR) during sustained treadmill walking to estimated heart rate reserve (HRR).
Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - May 12, 2015 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Pamela Rogers Bosch, Simon Holzapfel, Tinna Traustadottir Source Type: research

Concurrent and Predictive Validity of Arm Kinematics With and Without a Trunk Restraint During a Reaching Task in Individuals With Stroke
To examine the concurrent and predictive validity of measurements of kinematic variables during reaching tasks with and without a trunk constraint in individuals with stroke.
Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - May 1, 2015 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Kuan-yi Li, Keh-chung Lin, Chih-kuang Chen, Rong-jiuan Liing, Ching-yi Wu, Wan-ying Chang Tags: Original research Source Type: research

Concurrent and Predictive Validity of Arm Kinematics With and Without Trunk Restraint During a Reaching Task in Stroke
This study examined the concurrent and predictive validity of measurements of kinematic variables in reaching tasks with and without a trunk constraint in individuals with stroke.
Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - May 1, 2015 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Kuan-yi Li, Keh-chung Lin, Chih-kuang Chen, Rong-jiuan Liing, Ching-yi Wu, Wan-ying Chang Source Type: research

Associations of proactive coping and self-efficacy with psychosocial outcomes in individuals after stroke
To examine the associations of proactive coping and self-efficacy with psychosocial outcomes in individuals after stroke.
Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - April 25, 2015 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Nienke S. Tielemans, Vera PM. Schepers, Johanna MA. Visser-Meily, Marcel WM. Post, Caroline M. van Heugten Source Type: research

Coping, Problem Solving, Depression, and Health-Related Quality of Life in Patients Receiving Outpatient Stroke Rehabilitation
To investigate whether patients with high and low depression scores after stroke use different coping strategies and problem-solving skills, and whether or not these variables are related to psychosocial health-related quality of life (HR-QoL) independent of depression.
Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - April 25, 2015 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Marieke M. Visser, Majanka H. Heijenbrok-Kal, Adriaan van ‘t Spijker, Kristine M. Oostra, Jan JV. Busschbach, Gerard M. Ribbers Source Type: research

Virtual Reality Video Games to Promote Movement Recovery in Stroke Rehabilitation: A Guide for Clinicians
After stroke, people often have difficulty moving one arm and hand, but movement can improve with considerable practice. Arm movements may need to be repeated upwards of 2500 times for a person to approach his/her peak level of motor function.1 Video-gaming technology can effectively deliver engaging, high-repetition movement practice. Use of video games for rehabilitation can be as effective as more conventional approaches.2
Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - April 24, 2015 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Kelly R. Anderson, Michelle L. Woodbury, Kala Phillips, Lynne V. Gauthier Tags: Organization news Source Type: research

Impact of Spatial Neglect on Stroke Rehabilitation: Evidence From the Setting of an Inpatient Rehabilitation Facility
To examine the impact of spatial neglect on rehabilitation outcome, risk of falls, and discharge disposition in stroke survivors.
Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - April 7, 2015 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Peii Chen, Kimberly Hreha, Yekyung Kong, A.M. Barrett Tags: Original research Source Type: research

Impact of Spatial Neglect in Stroke Rehabilitation: Evidence from the Setting of an Inpatient Rehabilitation Facility
To examine the impact of spatial neglect on rehabilitation outcome, risk of falls, and discharge disposition in stroke survivors.
Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - April 7, 2015 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Peii Chen, Kimberly Hreha, Yekyung Kong, A.M. Barrett Source Type: research

Stroke Survivors' Experiences of Physical Rehabilitation: A Systematic Review of Qualitative Studies
To report and synthesize the perspectives, experiences, and preferences of stroke survivors undertaking inpatient physical rehabilitation through a systematic review of qualitative studies.
Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - April 3, 2015 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Julie Luker, Elizabeth Lynch, Susanne Bernhardsson, Leanne Bennett, Julie Bernhardt Tags: Review article Source Type: research

Stroke survivors’ experiences of physical rehabilitation: a systematic review of qualitative studies
The objective of this systematic review of qualitative studies was to report and synthesise the perspectives, experiences and preferences of stroke survivors undertaking inpatient physical rehabilitation.
Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - April 3, 2015 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Julie Luker, Elizabeth Lynch, Susanne Bernhardsson, Leanne Bennett, Julie Bernhardt Source Type: research

Resistance Training Improves Hyperglycemia and Dyslipidemia, Highly Prevalent Among Nonelderly, Nondiabetic, Chronically Disabled Stroke Patients
To test the effect of 8 weeks of lower body resistance training on hyperglycemia and dyslipidemia, which may be prevalent among nonelderly, nondiabetic, chronically disabled stroke patients.
Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - March 28, 2015 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Jingjing Zou, Zun Wang, Qingming Qu, Lei Wang Tags: Clinical implications of basic research Source Type: research

Resistance Training Improves Hyperglycemia and Dyslipidemia, Highly Prevalent Among Non-elderly, Non-diabetic, Chronically Disabled Stroke Patients
This study was designed to test the effect of 8-week lower body resistance training on hyperglycemia and dyslipidemia, which may be prevalent among non-elderly, non-diabetic, chronically disabled stroke patients.
Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - March 28, 2015 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Jingjing Zou, Zun Wang, Qingming Qu, Lei Wang Source Type: research

Exercise Stress Testing After Stroke or Transient Ischemic Attack: A Scoping Review
To provide insight into exercise stress testing after stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) in terms of feasibility, safety, and protocols used.
Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - March 26, 2015 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Johan Gäverth, Robin Parker, Marilyn MacKay-Lyons Tags: Review article (Meta-Analysis) Source Type: research

Restricted Participation in Stroke Caregivers: Who Is at Risk?
To identify caregiver-, stroke survivor–, and caregiving situation–related factors that are associated with caregivers' restriction from participation in their normative activities (ie, participation restriction) over the first 2 years poststroke.
Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - March 26, 2015 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Alisa Grigorovich, Samantha Forde, Dahlia Levinson, Marina Bastawrous, Angela M. Cheung, Jill I. Cameron Tags: Original research Source Type: research

Exercise stress testing after stroke or transient ischemic attack - A scoping review
The aim of this scoping review was to provide insight into exercise stress testing after stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) in terms of the feasibility, safety and protocols used.
Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - March 26, 2015 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Johan Gäverth, Robin Parker, Marilyn MacKay-Lyons Source Type: research

Restricted Participation in Stroke Caregivers: Who is at Risk?
To identify caregiver-, stroke survivor- and caregiving situation-related factors that are associated with caregivers’ restriction from participation in their normal activities (i.e., participation restriction) over the first two years post stroke.
Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - March 26, 2015 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Alisa Grigorovich, Samantha Forde, Dahlia Levinson, Angela M. Cheung, Jill I. Cameron Source Type: research

Usefulness of Citric Cough Test for Screening of Silent Aspiration in Subacute Stroke Patients: A Prospective Study
To detect silent aspiration in an homogeneous sample of stroke patients using the Citric Acid Cough Test (CCT).
Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - March 15, 2015 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Anna Guillén-Solà, Sandra Cecilia Chiarella, Juan Martínez-Orfila, Esther Duarte, Martha Alvarado-Panesso, Antoni Figueres-Cugat, Núria Bas, Ester Marco Source Type: research

Effect of Anterior Cervical Osteophyte in Post-stroke Dysphagia: a case-control study
To investigate whether the concomitant presence of anterior cervical osteophytes (ACOs) can influence the severity and outcome in those with post-stroke dysphagia.
Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - March 11, 2015 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Young kook Kim, Geun-Young Park, Yu Jung Seo, Sun Im Source Type: research

Geographic and Facility Variation in Inpatient Stroke Rehabilitation: Multilevel Analysis of Functional Status
To examine geographic and facility variation in cognitive and motor functional outcomes following post-acute inpatient rehabilitation in patients with stroke.
Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - March 4, 2015 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Timothy A. Reistetter, Yong-Fang Kuo, Amol M. Karmarkar, Karl Eschbach, Srinivas Teppala, Jean Freeman, Kenneth J. Ottenbacher Source Type: research

Effect of an Evidence-Based Mobility Intervention on the Level of Function in Acute Intracerebral and Subarachnoid Hemorrhagic Stroke Patients on a Neurointensive Care Unit
To explore the effect of an evidence-based mobility intervention on the level of function (LOF) achieved by patients with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) stroke and subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) stroke and to identify clinical characteristics and measures associated with walking distances>15.24m.
Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - February 19, 2015 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Maxine L. Rand, Jeanne A. Darbinian Tags: Original research Source Type: research

Barriers to activity and participation for stroke survivors in rural China
To investigate environmental barriers reported by stroke survivors in rural Chinese villages, and to determine the relative impact of environmental barriers on activity and participation compared with socio-demographic characteristics and body functioning.
Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - February 19, 2015 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Lifang Zhang, Tiebin Yan, Liming You, Kun Li Source Type: research

The effect of an evidence-based mobility intervention on the level of function in acute intracerebral and subarachnoid hemorrhagic stroke patients on a neurointensive care unit
To explore the effect of an evidence-based mobility intervention on level of function (LOF) achieved by intracerebral (ICH) and subarachnoid hemorrhagic (SAH) stroke patients and identify clinical characteristics and measures associated with walking distances greater than 50 feet.
Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - February 19, 2015 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Maxine L. Rand, Jeanne A. Darbinian Source Type: research

Invited Commentary on Comparison of Robotics, FES, and Motor Learning Methods for Treatment of Persistent Upper Extremity Dysfunction after Stroke: a Randomized Controlled Trial
In this issue of Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Jessica McCabe and colleagues report findings from their methodologically sound dose-matched clinical trial in 39 patients beyond 6 months post stroke. In this phase II trial, the effects of 60 treatment sessions, each involving 3.5 hours of intensive practice plus either 1.5 hours of functional electrical stimulation (FES) or a shoulder-arm robotic therapy, were compared with 5 hours of intensive daily practice alone. Although no significant between-group differences were found on the primary outcome measure of Arm Motor Ability Test (AMAT) and the seconda...
Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - February 13, 2015 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Gert Kwakkel, Erwin E.H. van Wegen, C. Meskers Source Type: research

Psychological factors determine depressive symptomatology after stroke
To identify psychological factors related to post-stroke depressive symptoms.
Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - February 11, 2015 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: M.L. van Mierlo, C.M. van Heugten, M.W.M. Post, P.L.M. de Kort, J.M.A. Visser-Meily Source Type: research

Rehabilitation assessments for patients with stroke in Australian hospitals do not always reflect the patients’ rehabilitation requirements
To examine the frequency and factors associated with patients with stroke in Australian hospitals receiving documented rehabilitation assessments; the criteria used when rehabilitation was not recommended; and whether being assessed for rehabilitation affected access to rehabilitation.
Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - December 30, 2014 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Elizabeth A. Lynch, Julie A. Luker, Dominique A. Cadilhac, Susan L. Hillier Source Type: research

Patient Characteristics that Influence Enrollment and Attendance in Aerobic Exercise Early After Stroke
To identify patient characteristics that influence physiotherapist decisions regarding enrollment and attendance in a structured aerobic exercise program early after stroke.
Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - December 22, 2014 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Erik C. Prout, Dina Brooks, Avril Mansfield, Mark Bayley, William E. McIlroy Source Type: research

The Parallel Walk Test: Its Correlation with Balance and Motor Functions in People with Chronic Stroke
To investigate (1) the intra-rater, inter-rater and test-retest reliability of the times and scores generated in the parallel walk test (PWT); (2) their correlations with impairments and activity limitations of individuals with stroke; and (3) the cut-off times that best discriminate individuals with stroke from healthy elderly subjects.
Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - November 18, 2014 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Shamay SM. Ng, Lynn H.L. Chan, Cindy S.Y. Chan, Stephanie H.Y. Lai, Winnie W.Y. Wu, Mimi M.Y. Tse, Shirley S.M. Fong, Stephanie H.Y. Lai, Winnie W.Y. Wu, Mimi M.Y. Tse, Shirley S.M. Fong Source Type: research

Parallel Walk Test: Its Correlation With Balance and Motor Functions in People With Chronic Stroke
To investigate (1) the intrarater, interrater, and test-retest reliability of the times and scores generated in the parallel walk test (PWT); (2) their correlations with impairments and activity limitations of individuals with stroke; and (3) the cutoff times that best discriminate individuals with stroke from healthy elderly subjects.
Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - November 18, 2014 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Shamay S. Ng, Lynn H. Chan, Cindy S. Chan, Stephanie H. Lai, Winnie W. Wu, Mimi M. Tse, Shirley S. Fong Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Comparison of Robotics, Functional Electrical Stimulation, and Motor Learning Methods for Treatment of Persistent Upper Extremity Dysfunction After Stroke: A Randomized Controlled Trial
To compare response to upper-limb treatment using robotics plus motor learning (ML) versus functional electrical stimulation (FES) plus ML versus ML alone, according to a measure of complex functional everyday tasks for chronic, severely impaired stroke survivors.
Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - November 15, 2014 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Jessica McCabe, Michelle Monkiewicz, John Holcomb, Svetlana Pundik, Janis J. Daly Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Comparison of Robotics, FES, and Motor Learning Methods for Treatment of Persistent Upper Extremity Dysfunction after Stroke: a Randomized Controlled Trial
To compare response to upper limb treatment using robotics (ROB) + motor learning (ML) vs. functional electrical stimulation (FES) + ML vs. ML alone, according to a measure of complex functional everyday tasks for chronic, severely impaired stroke survivors.Design: single-blind, randomized trial.
Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - November 15, 2014 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Jessica McCabe, Michelle Monkiewicz, John Holcomb, Svetlana Pundik, Janis J. Daly Source Type: research

Effectiveness, usability, and cost-benefit of a virtual reality-based telerehabilitation program for balance recovery after stroke: a randomized controlled trial
First, to evaluate the clinical effectiveness of a virtual reality-based telerehabilitation program in the balance recovery of hemiparetic individuals post-stroke in comparison to an in-clinic program; second, to compare the subjective experiences; and finally, to contrast the costs.
Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - November 13, 2014 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Roberto Lloréns, Enrique Noé, Carolina Colomer, Mariano Alcañiz Source Type: research

Effectiveness, Usability, and Cost-Benefit of a Virtual Reality–Based Telerehabilitation Program for Balance Recovery After Stroke: A Randomized Controlled Trial
First, to evaluate the clinical effectiveness of a virtual reality (VR)–based telerehabilitation program in the balance recovery of individuals with hemiparesis after stroke in comparison with an in-clinic program; second, to compare the subjective experiences; and third, to contrast the costs of both programs.
Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - November 13, 2014 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Roberto Lloréns, Enrique Noé, Carolina Colomer, Mariano Alcañiz Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Preventing Recurrent Stroke
A stroke is like a heart attack in your brain. Recognizing the signs of a stroke is very important, especially for people who have already had a stroke. Recurrent strokes are often associated with greater disability and higher death rates.
Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - October 28, 2014 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Organization News Source Type: research

A Mirror Therapy-Based Action Observation Protocol to Improve Motor Learning After Stroke
To investigate whether a mirror therapy based-action observation protocol contributes to motor learning of the affected arm after stroke.
Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - October 1, 2014 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Wouter Harmsen, Johannes Bussmann, Ruud W. Selles, Henri Hurkmans, Gerard Ribbers Source Type: research

Assessment of bimanual deficits following stroke and comparison with unimanual motor function
To objectively quantify bimanual motor/sensorimotor function post-stroke and compare to unimanual motor function using robotic assessment tasks.
Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - October 1, 2014 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Catherine Lowrey, Sean Dukelow, Steve Scott Source Type: research

The Effect of Two Cognitive Interventions on Improving Self-Efficacy in Persons With Executive Dysfunction Post-Stroke
To explore the effect of two novel cognitive interventions on improving self-efficacy for performing everyday activities in persons with executive dysfunction post-stroke: 1) Cognitive Orientation to daily Occupational Performance (CO-OP), a problem-solving approach that entails guiding participants to set self-selected functional goals, develop plans, carry out their plans and verify goal attainment; and, 2) Computerized EF Training.
Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - October 1, 2014 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Valérie Poulin, Nicol Korner Bitensky, Deirdre Dawson Source Type: research

The Effect of an Arm Supporting Training Device in Sub-Acute Stroke Patients: Randomized Clinical Trial
To examine the effect of a weight-supporting arm training device combined with computerized gaming exercises compared to time-matched conventional reach training in sub-acute stroke patients on arm function and capacity.
Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - October 1, 2014 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Johan S. Rietman, Gerdienke Prange, Anke Kottink, Gerard Ribbers, Jaap Buurke Source Type: research

Is Unstructured Peer Support After Stroke Sufficient to Improve Quality of Life?
To evaluate the gain in quality of life after a Memory Self-Efficacy (MSE) training after stroke compared to a peer support group.
Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - October 1, 2014 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Laurien Aben, Gerard M. Ribbers, Jan J.V. Busschbach, Rudolf Ponds Source Type: research

Modeling the Link Between Structural Connectivity Network Disruption and Performance and Activity Limitation in Stroke
To quantify the relationship between structural white matter (WM) connectivity network disruption due to ischemic stroke lesions and 18 clinical assessments of impairment and activity limitation.
Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - October 1, 2014 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Amy Kuceyeski, Ashish Raj, Joan Toglia, Michael O'Dell Source Type: research

Measurement of Altered Muscle Properties in Stroke-impaired Muscle Using Shear Wave Ultrasound Elastography
To investigate changes in muscle properties in stroke-impaired muscle, specifically 1) material properties by using a novel technology, shear wave (SW) ultrasound elastography, to measure SW velocity which is related to stiffness and 2) muscle composition by using B-mode ultrasound imaging to measure echogenicity. The second aim was to determine if these changes are related to functional impairment.
Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - October 1, 2014 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Sabrina Lee, Sam Speer, William Zev Rymer Source Type: research

Factors that Influence Spasticity in Individuals with Stroke and Multiple Sclerosis
To describe the nature and impact of spasticity, determine factors that are perceived to change spasticity, and to examine the relationship between chronicity and impact of spasticity on activities of daily living in individuals with stroke and multiple sclerosis (MS).
Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - October 1, 2014 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Janice Cheung, Jessica Hoang, Stephanie DiPoce, Amanda Rancourt, Amy Levine, Farooq Ismail, Chris Boulias, Chetan P. Phadke Source Type: research

Variations in Motor Preparation Resulting From BOTOX® and Therapy in Stroke Patients With Upper-Limb Spasticity
To investigate improvement in electrophysiological (EEG) measures of preparation for volitional wrist movement in chronic stroke patients receiving BOTOX® and therapy over a three-month window.
Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - October 1, 2014 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Zahra Shirzadi, George Mochizuki Source Type: research

Neuroanatomical Predictors for Dysphagia Severity After First-Ever Acute Ischemic Stroke
To investigate the MRI-based neuroanatomical predictors related to the severity of swallowing dysfunction in first-ever, acute ischemic stroke patients.
Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - October 1, 2014 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Ya-Fang Hsu, Wen-Chih Lin, Mei-Ju Ko, Chung-Han Ho, Willy Chou Source Type: research