Source: American Heart Journal
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Total 410 results found since Jan 2013.
Efficacy and Safety of Apixaban Compared with Warfarin for Stroke Prevention in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation from East Asia: A Subanalysis of the Apixaban for Reduction in Stroke and Other Thromboembolic Events in Atrial Fibrillation (ARISTOTLE) Trial
Source: American Heart Journal - June 7, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Shinya Goto, Jun Zhu, Lisheng Liu, Byung-Hee Oh, Daniel M. Wojdyla, Philip Aylward, M. Cecilia Bahit, Bernard J. Gersh, Michael Hanna, John Horowitz, Renato D. Lopes, Lars Wallentin, Denis Xavier, John H. Alexander, ARISTOTLE Investigators Source Type: research
Evaluating cardiovascular event reduction with ezetimibe as an adjunct to simvastatin in 18,144 patients after acute coronary syndromes: Final baseline characteristics of the IMPROVE-IT study population
Background: The IMProved Reduction of Outcomes: Vytorin Efficacy International Trial (IMPROVE-IT) is evaluating the potential benefit for reduction in major cardiovascular (CV) events from the addition of ezetimibe versus placebo to 40 mg/d of simvastatin therapy in patients who present with acute coronary syndromes and have low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) ≤125 mg/dL.Methods: The primary composite end point is CV death, nonfatal myocardial infarction (MI), nonfatal stroke, rehospitalization for unstable angina (UA), and coronary revascularization (≥30 days postrandomization). The simvastatin monotherapy arm’s LDL-C target is
Source: American Heart Journal - May 19, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Michael A. Blazing, Robert P. Giugliano, Christopher P. Cannon, Thomas A. Musliner, Andrew M. Tershakovec, Jennifer A. White, Craig Reist, Amy McCagg, Eugene Braunwald, Robert M. Califf Tags: Acute Ischemic Heart Disease Source Type: research
Addressing barriers to optimal oral anticoagulation use and persistence among patients with atrial fibrillation: Proceedings, Washington, DC, December 3-4, 2012
Approximately half of patients with atrial fibrillation and with risk factors for stroke are not treated with oral anticoagulation (OAC), whether it be with vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) or novel OACs (NOACs); and of those treated, many discontinue treatment. Leaders from academia, government, industry, and professional societies convened in Washington, DC, on December 3-4, 2012, to identify barriers to optimal OAC use and adherence and to generate potential solutions. Participants identified a broad range of barriers, including knowledge gaps about stroke risk and the relative risks and benefits of anticoagulant therapies;...
Source: American Heart Journal - April 25, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Paul L. Hess, Michael J. Mirro, Hans-Christoph Diener, John W. Eikelboom, Sana M. Al-Khatib, Elaine M. Hylek, Hayden B. Bosworth, Bernard J. Gersh, Daniel E. Singer, Greg Flaker, Jessica L. Mega, Eric D. Peterson, John S. Rumsfeld, Benjamin A. Steinberg, Tags: Results of Expert Meetings Source Type: research
Extent of coronary artery disease and outcomes after ticagrelor administration in patients with an acute coronary syndrome: Insights from the PLATelet inhibition and patient Outcomes (PLATO) trial
Background: Extensive coronary artery disease (CAD) is associated with higher risk. In this substudy of the PLATO trial, we examined the effects of randomized treatment on outcome events and safety in relation to the extent of CAD.Methods: Patients were classified according to presence of extensive CAD (defined as 3-vessel disease, left main disease, or prior coronary artery bypass graft surgery). The trial's primary and secondary end points were compared using Cox proportional hazards regression.Results: Among 15,388 study patients for whom the extent of CAD was known, 4,646 (30%) had extensive CAD. Patients with extensiv...
Source: American Heart Journal - April 14, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Anna Kotsia, Emmanouil S. Brilakis, Claes Held, Christopher Cannon, Gabriel P. Steg, Bernhard Meier, Frank Cools, Marc J. Claeys, Jan H. Cornel, Philip Aylward, Basil S. Lewis, Douglas Weaver, Gunnar Brandrup-Wognsen, Susanna R. Stevens, Anders Himmelmann Tags: Acute Ischemic Heart Disease Source Type: research
Adherence to dabigatran therapy and longitudinal patient outcomes: Insights from the Veterans Health Administration
Background: Dabigatran is a novel oral anti-coagulant (NOAC) that reduces risk of stroke in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF). It does not require routine monitoring with laboratory testing which may have an adverse impact on adherence. We aimed to describe adherence to dabigatran in the first year after initiation and assess the association between non-adherence to dabigatran and clinical outcomes in a large integrated healthcare system.Methods: We studied a national cohort of 5,376 patients with NVAF, initiated on dabigatran between October-2010 and September-2012 at all Veterans Affairs hospitals. Ad...
Source: American Heart Journal - April 7, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Supriya Shore, Evan P. Carey, Mintu P. Turakhia, Cynthia A. Jackevicius, Fran Cunningham, Louise Pilote, Steven M. Bradley, Thomas M. Maddox, Gary K. Grunwald, Anna E. Barón, John S. Rumsfeld, Paul D. Varosy, Preston M. Schneider, Lucas N. Marzec, P. Mic Tags: Electrophysiology Source Type: research
Which risk score best predicts perioperative outcomes in nonvalvular atrial fibrillation patients undergoing noncardiac surgery?
Background: Patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) are at increased risk for adverse events after noncardiac surgery. The Revised Cardiac Index (RCI) is commonly used to predict perioperative events; however, the prognostic utility of NVAF risk scores (CHADS2, CHA2DS2-VASc, and R2CHADS2) has not been evaluated in patients undergoing noncardiac surgery.Methods: Using a population-based data set of NVAF patients (n = 32,160) who underwent major or minor noncardiac surgery between April 1, 1999, and November 30, 2009, in Alberta, Canada, we examined the incremental prognostic value of the CHADS2, CHA2DS2-VASc, a...
Source: American Heart Journal - April 7, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Sean van Diepen, Erik Youngson, Justin A. Ezekowitz, Finlay A. McAlister Tags: Electrophysiology Source Type: research
Dexamethasone for the prevention of postpericardiotomy syndrome: A DExamethasone for Cardiac Surgery substudy
Conclusion: In patients undergoing valvular cardiac surgery, high-dose dexamethasone treatment had no protective effect on the occurrence of PPS or complicated PPS.
Source: American Heart Journal - April 7, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Jeroen J.H. Bunge, Dirk van Osch, Jan M. Dieleman, Kirolos A. Jacob, Jolanda Kluin, Diederik van Dijk, Hendrik M. Nathoe, Dexamethasone for Cardiac Surgery (DECS) Study Group Tags: Surgery Source Type: research
EDTA chelation therapy alone and in combination with oral high-dose multivitamins and minerals for coronary disease: The factorial group results of the Trial to Assess Chelation Therapy
This report describes the intent-to-treat comparison of the 4 factorial groups overall and in patients with diabetes.Methods: This was a double-blind, placebo-controlled, 2 × 2 factorial multicenter randomized trial of 1,708 post–myocardial infarction (MI) patients ≥50 years of age and with creatinine ≤2.0 mg/dL randomized to receive 40 EDTA chelation or placebo infusions plus 6 caplets daily of a 28-component multivitamin-multimineral mixture or placebo. The primary end point was a composite of total mortality, MI, stroke, coronary revascularization, or hospitalization for angina.Results: Median age was 65 years, 1...
Source: American Heart Journal - April 4, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Gervasio A. Lamas, Robin Boineau, Christine Goertz, Daniel B. Mark, Yves Rosenberg, Mario Stylianou, Theodore Rozema, Richard L. Nahin, L. Terry Chappell, Lauren Lindblad, Eldrin F. Lewis, Jeanne Drisko, Kerry L. Lee Tags: Coronary Artery Disease Source Type: research
CYP2C19 genotype–guided antiplatelet therapy in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction patients—Rationale and design of the Patient Outcome after primary PCI (POPular) Genetics study
Conclusion: The POPular Genetics study is the first large-scale trial comparing CYP2C19 genotype–guided antiplatelet therapy to a nontailored strategy in terms of net clinical benefit, safety, and cost-effectiveness.
Source: American Heart Journal - March 24, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Thomas O. Bergmeijer, Paul W.A. Janssen, Jurjan C. Schipper, Khalid Qaderdan, Maycel Ishak, Rianne S. Ruitenbeek, Folkert W. Asselbergs, Arnoud W.J. van ‘t Hof, Willem J.M. Dewilde, Fabrizio Spanó, Jean-Paul R. Herrman, Johannes C. Kelder, Maarten J. P Tags: Trial Design Source Type: research
PROspective Multicenter Imaging Study for Evaluation of chest pain: Rationale and design of the PROMISE trial
Conclusion: Multispecialty community practice enrollment into a large pragmatic trial of diagnostic testing strategies is both feasible and efficient. The PROMISE trial will compare the clinical effectiveness of an initial strategy of functional testing against an initial strategy of anatomical testing in symptomatic patients with suspected CAD. Quality of life, resource use, cost-effectiveness, and radiation exposure will be assessed.
Source: American Heart Journal - March 20, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Pamela S. Douglas, Udo Hoffmann, Kerry L. Lee, Daniel B. Mark, Hussein R. Al-Khalidi, Kevin Anstrom, Rowena J. Dolor, Andrzej Kosinski, Mitchell W. Krucoff, Daniel W. Mudrick, Manesh R. Patel, Michael H. Picard, James E. Udelson, Eric J. Velazquez, Lawton Tags: Trial Design Source Type: research