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Source: American Heart Journal

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Total 410 results found since Jan 2013.

Claims-based cardiovascular outcome identification for clinical research: Results from seven large randomized cardiovascular clinical trials
ConclusionsClaims- vs. site-based (+CEC) follow-up identified similar overall cardiovascular event rates, despite meaningful differences in the events detected. Randomized treatment effects were similar using the two methods, suggesting claims data could be used to support clinical research leveraging routinely-collected data. This approach may lead to more effective evidence generation, synthesis, and appraisal of medical products and inform the strategic approaches toward the National Evaluation System for Health Technology.
Source: American Heart Journal - September 12, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Small-for-gestational-age birth is linked to cardiovascular dysfunction in early childhood
ConclusionsThis study shows that infants born SGA present an early and subtle cardiovascular dysfunction compared to AGA controls. These alterations are strongly related to weight at birth. Finally, breastfeeding exerts an important protective and beneficial cardiovascular effect.
Source: American Heart Journal - September 12, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Ticagrelor-based antiplatelet regimens in patients with atherosclerotic artery disease - a meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials
ConclusionsIn patients with atherosclerotic artery disease, the benefit of ticagrelor-based therapies was confined to patients treated for CAD. The drug significantly reduced the risk for all-cause death and MI without excess risk of bleeding in these patients. In consideration of limitations of subgroup analyses, these results need further validation.
Source: American Heart Journal - September 2, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Long-Term (10-Year) Outcomes of Stenting or Bypass Surgery for Acute Coronary Syndromes and Stable Ischemic Heart Disease With Unprotected Left Main Coronary Artery Disease
ConclusionsIn patients with LMCA disease, we have identified no significant interaction between the acuity of clinical indication and the relative treatment effect of PCI versus CABG on 10-year clinical outcomes.
Source: American Heart Journal - August 22, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Small for Gestational Age birth is linked to cardiovascular dysfunction in early childhood
ConclusionsThis study shows that infants born SGA present an early and subtle cardiovascular dysfunction compared to AGA controls. These alterations are strongly related to weight at birth. Finally, breastfeeding exerts an important protective and beneficial cardiovascular effect.
Source: American Heart Journal - August 14, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Effect of selective BET protein inhibitor apabetalone on cardiovascular outcomes in patients with acute coronary syndrome and diabetes: Rationale, design, and baseline characteristics of the BETonMACE trial
Publication date: Available online 9 August 2019Source: American Heart JournalAuthor(s): Kausik K. Ray, Stephen J. Nicholls, Henry Ginsberg, Jan O. Johansson, Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh, Ewelina Kulikowski, Peter P. Toth, Norman Wong, Jeffrey L. Cummings, Michael Sweeney, Gregory G. SchwartzAbstractBackgroundAfter an acute coronary syndrome (ACS), patients with diabetes remain at high risk for additional cardiovascular events despite use of current therapies. Bromodomain and extra-terminal (BET) proteins are epigenetic modulators of inflammation, thrombogenesis, and lipoprotein metabolism implicated in atherothrombosis. The BET...
Source: American Heart Journal - August 9, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Expanding opportunities to understand quality and outcomes of peripheral vascular interventions: The ACC NCDR PVI registry
Publication date: Available online 22 July 2019Source: American Heart JournalAuthor(s): W. Schuyler Jones, Kevin F. Kennedy, Beau M. Hawkins, Robert R. Attaran, Eric A. Secemsky, Faisal Latif, Nicolas W. Shammas, Dmitriy N. Feldman, Herbert D. Aronow, Bruce Gray, Ehrin J. Armstrong, P. Michael Grossman, Kalon K.L. Ho, Anand Prasad, Michael R. Jaff, Kenneth Rosenfield, Thomas T. TsaiAbstractLower extremity peripheral artery disease (PAD) and cerebrovascular disease (CeVD) are prevalent conditions in the United States, and both are associated with significant morbidity (e.g. stroke, myocardial infarction and limb loss) and i...
Source: American Heart Journal - July 24, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Premorbid levels of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T and natriuretic peptide and prognosis after incident myocardial infarction
ConclusionsPremorbid levels of hs-cTnT and NT-proBNP assessed on average six years prior to incident MI were associated with adverse outcomes after incident MI. These results further highlight the importance of cardiac health at an earlier stage of life.
Source: American Heart Journal - July 13, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Contemporary invasive management and in-hospital outcomes of patients with non–ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction in China: Findings from China Acute Myocardial Infarction (CAMI) Registry
ConclusionInvasive management was underused and profoundly deferred among patients with NSTEMI in China. The risk-treatment paradox, procedure deferral and medical resources distribution imbalance may represent opportunities for improvement.
Source: American Heart Journal - June 29, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Design and rationale of a pragmatic trial integrating routine screening for atrial fibrillation at primary care visits: The VITAL-AF trial
Publication date: Available online 22 June 2019Source: American Heart JournalAuthor(s): Jeffrey M. Ashburner, Steven J. Atlas, David D. McManus, Yuchiao Chang, Ana T. Trisini Lipsanopoulos, Leila H. Borowsky, Wyliena Guan, Wei He, Patrick T. Ellinor, Daniel E. Singer, Steven A. LubitzAbstractGiven the preventable morbidity and mortality associated with atrial fibrillation (AF), increased awareness of undiagnosed AF, and advances in mobile ECG technology, there is a critical need to assess the effectiveness of using such technology to routinely screen for AF in clinical practice. VITAL-AF is a pragmatic trial that will test...
Source: American Heart Journal - June 25, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Implementation of a Brazilian Cardioprotective nutritional (BALANCE) program for improvement on quality of diet and secondary prevention of cardiovascular events: A randomized, multicentre trial
ConclusionsThe BALANCE Program only slightly improved adherence to a healthy diet in patients with established CVD, and had no significant effect on the incidence of cardiovascular events or death.
Source: American Heart Journal - June 22, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Long-term follow-up and safety assessment of angiogenic gene therapy trial VIF-CAD: Transcatheter intramyocardial administration of a bicistronic plasmid expressing VEGF-A165/bFGF cDNA for the treatment of refractory coronary artery disease
This study presents the results of over 10-year (median 133 months, range 95–149) safety follow-up of VIF-CAD patients. Overall, 12 (36.4%) patients died in VIF and 8 (42.1%) in Placebo group (P = .68). Cardiovascular mortality was 12/33 (36.4%) in the VIF group and 6/19 (31.6%) in Placebo group (P = .73). Two Placebo patients died due to malignancies, but no VIF patients (P = .17). The Kaplan–Meier curves of combined endpoint: cardiovascular mortality, myocardial infarction and stroke were similar for both patient groups (P = .71). Odds ratio of Placebo group increasing (re...
Source: American Heart Journal - June 20, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Simulation of impact on cardiovascular events due to lipid-lowering therapy intensification in a population with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease
ConclusionsIntensification of LLT in an ASCVD population translates into a substantial number of CV events avoided. This simulation-based model could assist in assessing the potential benefits of various types of population-level LLT interventions.
Source: American Heart Journal - June 13, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Lessons learned about stress and the heart after major earthquakes
Publication date: Available online 6 June 2019Source: American Heart JournalAuthor(s): Robert A. KlonerAbstractThere is evidence that certain stressors can trigger cardiovascular events. Several studies have now demonstrated an increase in major adverse cardiac events associated with natural disasters such as an earthquake. The purpose of this paper is to review the literature on earthquakes and cardiovascular events. Reports from 13 major quakes were reported. Earthquakes have been associated with a number of cardiac events including sudden cardiac death, fatal myocardial infarction (MI), myocardial infarction, stress car...
Source: American Heart Journal - June 6, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Contemporary Invasive Management and In-hospital Outcomes of Patients with Non-ST-segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction in China: Findings from China Acute Myocardial Infarction (CAMI) Registry
ConclusionInvasive management was underused and profoundly deferred among patients with NSTEMI in China. The risk-treatment paradox, procedure deferral and medical resources distribution imbalance may represent opportunities for improvement.
Source: American Heart Journal - June 6, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Hospital participation in clinical trials for patients with acute myocardial infarction: Results from the National Cardiovascular Data Registry
ConclusionsHospitals are becoming less likely to engage in clinical trials for patients with MI. Patients admitted to hospitals that participated in clinical trials more often received guideline-adherent care and had better long-term outcomes.
Source: American Heart Journal - May 26, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Ticagrelor in patients with heart failure after acute coronary syndromes—Insights from the PLATelet inhibition and patient Outcomes (PLATO) trial
ConclusionsIn patients with ACS, ticagrelor is more efficacious in protecting against new ischemic events and mortality than clopidogrel irrespective of the presence of HF. There is no difference between ticagrelor or clopidogrel treatment in new-onset HF post-ACS.
Source: American Heart Journal - May 18, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Risk of obstructive coronary artery disease and major adverse cardiac events in patients with noncoronary atherosclerosis: Insights from the Veterans Affairs Clinical Assessment, Reporting, and Tracking (CART) Program
ConclusionsIn patients undergoing coronary angiography, noncoronary atherosclerosis was associated with increased burden of oCAD and adverse events post-PCI.
Source: American Heart Journal - May 17, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Outcomes of left Main revascularization in patients with acute coronary syndromes and stable ischemic heart disease: Analysis from the EXCEL trial
ConclusionsThe acuity of presentation did not predict outcomes in patients with LMCAD undergoing revascularization, nor did it discriminate patients who derive greater event-free survival from PCI versus CABG.
Source: American Heart Journal - May 5, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Smoking cessation and risk of recurrent cardiovascular events and mortality after a first manifestation of arterial disease
ConclusionsIrrespective of age at first CV event, cessation of smoking after a first CV event is related to a substantial lower risk of recurrent vascular events and all-cause mortality. Since smoking cessation is more effective in reducing CV risk than any pharmaceutical treatment of major risk factors, it should be a key objective for patients with vascular disease.
Source: American Heart Journal - April 26, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Ticagrelor in patients with Heart failure after acute coronary syndromes – Insights from the PLATelet inhibition and patient outcomes (PLATO) trial
ConclusionsIn patients with ACS, ticagrelor is more efficacious in protecting against new ischemic events and mortality than clopidogrel, irrespective of the presence of HF. There is no difference between ticagrelor or clopidogrel treatment in new-onset HF post-ACS.
Source: American Heart Journal - April 18, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Risk of obstructive coronary artery disease and major adverse cardiac events in patients with non-coronary atherosclerosis: Insights from the veterans affairs clinical assessment, reporting, and tracking (CART) program
ConclusionsIn patients undergoing coronary angiography, non-coronary atherosclerosis was associated with increased burden of oCAD and adverse events post PCI.
Source: American Heart Journal - April 17, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Rationale and design of the randomized, controlled early valve replacement guided by biomarkers of left ventricular decompensation in asymptomatic patients with severe aortic stenosis (EVOLVED) trial
ConclusionThe EVOLVED trial is the first multicenter randomized controlled trial to compare early aortic valve replacement to routine care in asymptomatic patients with severe aortic stenosis and mid-wall LGE.
Source: American Heart Journal - March 15, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Randomized controlled trial of influenza vaccine in patients with heart failure to reduce adverse vascular events (IVVE): Rationale and design
ConclusionThis is the largest randomized trial to test if influenza vaccine compared to control reduces adverse vascular events in high risk individuals.Trial registration number:Clinicaltrials.govNCT02762851
Source: American Heart Journal - March 12, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Neck circumference and cardiovascular outcomes: Insights from the Jackson heart study
ConclusionsIn this large cohort of African American individuals, a larger NC was associated with increased risk for HF hospitalization following adjustment for age and sex, but this risk was not statistically significant after adjusting for other clinical variables. Although NC is not independently associated with increased risk for cardiovascular events, it may offer prognostic information particularly related to HF hospitalization.
Source: American Heart Journal - March 9, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Randomized evaluation of ticagrelor monotherapy after 3-month dual-antiplatelet therapy in patients with acute coronary syndrome treated with new-generation sirolimus-eluting stents: TICO trial rationale and design
ConclusionsThe TICO trial is an ongoing trial evaluating the efficacy and safety of ticagrelor monotherapy following 3-month DAPT exclusively in ACS patients treated with uniform BP-SES. It may provide novel insights regarding the need for adjusted use of DAPT for rebalancing risk–benefit in current practice and changing from the conventional concept of aspirin maintenance to a ticagrelor-based regimen in the management of ACS.
Source: American Heart Journal - March 9, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Rationale and design for AMPLATZER Amulet Left Atrial Appendage Occluder IDE randomized controlled trial (Amulet IDE Trial)
Publication date: May 2019Source: American Heart Journal, Volume 211Author(s): Dhanunjaya Lakkireddy, Stephan Windecker, David Thaler, Lars Søndergaard, John Carroll, Michael R Gold, Hongfei Guo, Kyle J Brunner, James B Hermiller, Hans-Christoph Diener, Boris Schmidt, Lee MacDonald, Moussa Mansour, Brijeshwar Maini, Joseph LevineAimsThe Amulet IDE Trial is an ongoing, prospective, randomized, multi-national trial, designed to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of the AMPLATZER Amulet Left Atrial Appendage Occluder for stroke prevention in comparison to the WATCHMAN Left Atrial Appendage Closure Device in patients with ...
Source: American Heart Journal - March 4, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Comparative effectiveness, safety, and costs of rivaroxaban and warfarin among morbidly obese patients with atrial fibrillation
ConclusionsMorbidly obese AF patients treated with rivaroxaban had comparable risk of ischemic stroke/systemic embolism and major bleeding as those treated with warfarin, but lower healthcare resource utilization and costs.
Source: American Heart Journal - February 21, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Performance of atherosclerotic cardiovascular risk prediction models in a rural northern Chinese population: Results from the Fangshan cohort study
ConclusionsChina-PAR outperformed PCE in 5-year ASCVD risk prediction in this rural Northern Chinese population at average population risk level, fairly predicted risk in men but overestimated risk in women; however, China-PAR did not meaningfully improve the accuracy of discrimination and reclassification at individual risk level.
Source: American Heart Journal - February 5, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Outcomes after STEMI in old multimorbid patients with complex health needs and the effect of invasive management
ConclusionsMultimorbid older people with complex health needs and STEMI had high rates of new ischemic events and death. In this cohort of older, high risk STEMI patients, an invasive strategy was associated with lower event rates. Randomized studies are needed to clarify whether these high risk patients who might benefit from invasive care are being managed too conservatively.
Source: American Heart Journal - February 1, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Association of Frailty and Cognitive Impairment with benefits of Oral anticoagulation in patients with atrial fibrillation
ConclusionThose with cognitive impairment or frailty in AF had higher predicted risk for stroke and higher observed mortality, yet were less likely to be treated with OAC. Despite this, the benefits of OAC were similar in patients with and without cognitive impairment or frailty.
Source: American Heart Journal - January 30, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Differences in statin utilization and lipid lowering by race, ethnicity, and HIV status in a real-world cohort of persons with human immunodeficiency virus and uninfected persons
ConclusionsAmong PWH with statin indication(s), blacks and Hispanics were less likely than whites to have been prescribed a statin. These racial/ethnic disparities were less pronounced among uninfected persons. There were significant differences in type of statin used for PWH compared to uninfected matched controls. Future efforts addressing disparities in CVD prevention among PWH are warranted.
Source: American Heart Journal - January 25, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Radial versus femoral vascular access in ST-elevation myocardial infarction: Are the results of femoral operators unfairly represented in observational research?
ConclusionDefault femoral operators achieved comparable outcomes when compared to default radial operators. The less favorable outcomes observed in FA cases may result from its selective use by radial operators in high risk cases.
Source: American Heart Journal - January 16, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

C-reactive protein and prognosis after percutaneous coronary intervention and bypass graft surgery for left Main coronary artery disease: Analysis from the EXCEL trial
Conclusions: In patients with LMCAD undergoing revascularization, elevated baseline CRP levels were strongly associated with subsequent death, MI and stroke at 3 years, irrespective of the mode of revascularization. Further studies are warranted to determine whether anti-inflammatory therapies may improve the prognosis of high-risk patients with LMCAD following revascularization.
Source: American Heart Journal - January 12, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Comparison of Risk Scores for the Prediction of Stroke in African Americans: Findings from the Jackson Heart Study
Conclusions Both scores were associated with incident stroke in a dose–response fashion; however, the CVD risk model was more discriminating than the CVH model. The CVH score may still be preferable for its simplicity in application to broad patient populations and public health efforts.
Source: American Heart Journal - April 17, 2016 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Impact of standardized MONitoring for Detection of Atrial Fibrillation in Ischemic Stroke (MonDAFIS) – Rationale and design of a prospective randomized multicenter study
Conclusion MonDAFIS will be the largest study to date to evaluate whether a prolonged and systematic ECG monitoring during the initial in hospital stay has an impact on secondary stroke prevention. In addition, prognosis as well as adherence to medication up to two years after the index stroke will be analyzed. The primary results of the MonDAFIS study may have the potential to change the current guidelines recommendations regarding ECG work-up after ischemic stroke.
Source: American Heart Journal - October 22, 2015 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Real-Time Physiologic Biomarker for Prediction of Atrial Fibrillation Recurrence, Stroke, and Mortality After Electrical Cardioversion − A Prospective observational study
Conclusions Patients with decreased LAAEV have an increased risk of AF recurrence, stroke and mortality following successful ECV. Real-time measurement of LAAEV by TEE may be a useful physiologic biomarker for individualizing treatment decisions in patients with AF.
Source: American Heart Journal - July 31, 2015 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Patient-Centered Research into Outcomes Stroke Patients Prefer and Effectiveness Research: Implementing the patient-driven research paradigm to aid decision making in stroke care
Conclusions PROSPER is a patient-centered outcome research study guided by patients, caregivers, and the broader health care community. By addressing knowledge gaps in treatment uncertainties through comparative effectiveness research, PROSPER has the potential to improve decision making in stroke care and patient outcomes reflecting individual patient preferences, needs, and values.
Source: American Heart Journal - May 11, 2015 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Patient-Centered Research into Outcomes Stroke Patients Prefer and Effectiveness Research (PROSPER): Implementing the Patient-Driven Research Paradigm to Aid Decision Making in Stroke Care
Conclusions PROSPER is a patient-centered outcomes research study guided by patients, caregivers, and the broader healthcare community. By addressing knowledge gaps in treatment uncertainties through comparative effectiveness research, PROSPER has the potential to improve decision-making in stroke care and patient outcomes reflecting individual patient preferences, needs, and values.
Source: American Heart Journal - April 22, 2015 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Rationale and design of a cluster-randomized multifaceted intervention trial to improve stroke care quality in China: The GOLDEN BRIDGE-Acute Ischemic Stroke
Conclusions If proven effective, this targeted multifaceted intervention model will be extended nationwide as a model to bridge the evidence-based gap in the AIS management in China.
Source: American Heart Journal - April 3, 2015 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Female Sex is Associated with a Lower Risk of Stroke in Patients with Heart Failure
Conclusions We found an association between female sex and decreased stroke risk in heart failure patients which persisted after adjustment for concomitant cardiovascular risk factors. The association was attenuated with increasing age, possibly due to competing risks of death.
Source: American Heart Journal - December 18, 2014 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Clinical events after transitioning from apixaban versus warfarin to warfarin at the end of the Apixaban for Reduction in Stroke and Other Thromboembolic Events in Atrial Fibrillation (ARISTOTLE) trial
Conclusions The excess in thrombotic and bleeding events in the apixaban group after study drug discontinuation appears to be related to an increased risk associated with the initiation of a VKA rather than a direct effect of apixaban. Whether ≥2 days of apixaban bridging improves outcomes during VKA transition is unknown and deserves further evaluation.
Source: American Heart Journal - December 9, 2014 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

National trends in stroke after acute myocardial infarction among Medicare patients in the United States: 1999 to 2010
Conclusions From 1999 to 2010, the 1-year risk for ischemic stroke after AMI declined, whereas the risk of hemorrhagic stroke remained unchanged. However, 30-day and 1-year mortality continued to be high.
Source: American Heart Journal - December 9, 2014 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Pioglitazone for secondary prevention after ischemic stroke and transient ischemic attack: Rationale and design of the Insulin Resistance Intervention after Stroke Trial
Publication date: December 2014 Source:American Heart Journal, Volume 168, Issue 6 Author(s): Catherine M. Viscoli , Lawrence M. Brass , Antonio Carolei , Robin Conwit , Gary A. Ford , Karen L. Furie , Mark Gorman , Peter D. Guarino , Silvio E. Inzucchi , Anne M. Lovejoy , Mark W. Parsons , Peter N. Peduzzi , Peter A. Ringleb , Gregory G. Schwartz , J. David Spence , David Tanne , Lawrence H. Young , Walter N. Kernan Background Recurrent vascular events remain a major source of morbidity and mortality after stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA). The IRIS Trial is evaluating an approach to secondary prevention based o...
Source: American Heart Journal - November 25, 2014 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Case management reduces global vascular risk after stroke: Secondary results from the The preventing recurrent vascular events and neurological worsening through intensive organized case-management randomized controlled trial
Conclusions Case management by nonphysician providers is associated with improved global vascular risk in patients with recent stroke/TIA. Reductions achieved during the active phase of the trial persisted after trial conclusion.
Source: American Heart Journal - November 25, 2014 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Transesophageal echocardiography in patients with cryptogenic ischemic stroke: A systematic review
Conclusions Routine TEE in patients with cryptogenic IS identifies cardiac findings in a large proportion. However, there is marked interstudy variation in the definition and prevalence of common findings. Transesophageal echocardiography–detected findings prompted the introduction of anticoagulant therapy in up to one-third of patients. However, these were mostly not for established guideline-based indications based on randomized controlled trial evidence. It is unclear if routine use of TEE in patients with cryptogenic IS is indicated.
Source: American Heart Journal - October 31, 2014 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Accuracy and Validation of an Automated Electronic Algorithm to Identify Patients with Atrial Fibrillation at Risk for Stroke
Conclusions Automated methods can be used to identify patients with prevalent AF indicated for anticoagulation, but may suffer from misclassification up to 12%, which limits the utility of relying on administrative data alone for quality assessment. Misclassification is minimized by requiring comorbidity diagnoses within the prior year and using a CHA2DS2-Vasc based algorithm. Despite differences in accuracy between algorithms, system-wide anticoagulation rates assessed were similar regardless of algorithm used.
Source: American Heart Journal - October 31, 2014 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Improving outcomes in patients with atrial fibrillation: Rationale and design of the Early treatment of Atrial fibrillation for Stroke prevention Trial
Conclusion EAST will determine whether rhythm control therapy, when applied early after the initial diagnosis of AF, can prevent cardiovascular complications associated with AF.
Source: American Heart Journal - October 20, 2014 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Finding atrial fibrillation in stroke patients: Randomized evaluation of enhanced and prolonged Holter monitoring—Find-AFRANDOMISED —rationale and design
Background: Detecting paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF) in patients with ischemic strokes presenting in sinus rhythm is challenging because episodes are often short, occur randomly, and are frequently asymptomatic. If AF is detected, recurrent thromboembolism can be prevented efficiently by oral anticoagulation. Numerous uncontrolled studies using various electrocardiogram (ECG) devices have established that prolonged ECG monitoring increases the yield of AF detection, but most established procedures are time-consuming and costly. The few randomized trials are mostly limited to cryptogenic strokes. The optimal method, du...
Source: American Heart Journal - July 7, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Mark Weber-Krüger, Götz Gelbrich, Raoul Stahrenberg, Jan Liman, Pawel Kermer, Gerhard F. Hamann, Joachim Seegers, Klaus Gröschel, Rolf Wachter, Find-AFRANDOMISED investigators Tags: Trial Designs Source Type: research

Efficacy and Safety of Apixaban Compared with Warfarin for Stroke Prevention in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation from East Asia: A Subanalysis of the Apixaban for Reduction in Stroke and Other Thromboembolic Events in Atrial Fibrillation (ARISTOTLE) Trial
Conclusions: Apixaban resulted in similar reductions in stroke or systemic embolism and major bleeding and greater reductions in major or clinically relevant nonmajor bleeding in patients from East Asia. Warfarin is associated with more intracranial bleeding, particularly in patients from East Asia.
Source: American Heart Journal - June 9, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Shinya Goto, Jun Zhu, Lisheng Liu, Byung-Hee Oh, Daniel M. Wojdyla, Philip Aylward, M. Cecilia Bahit, Bernard J. Gersh, Michael Hanna, John Horowitz, Renato D. Lopes, Lars Wallentin, Denis Xavier, John H. Alexander, ARISTOTLE Investigators Tags: Electrophysiology Source Type: research