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Source: American Heart Journal

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Total 410 results found since Jan 2013.

Efficacy and Safety of Apixaban Compared with Warfarin for Stroke Prevention in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation from East Asia: A Subanalysis of the Apixaban for Reduction in Stroke and Other Thromboembolic Events in Atrial Fibrillation (ARISTOTLE) Trial
Conclusions: Apixaban resulted in similar reductions in stroke or systemic embolism and major bleeding and greater reductions in major or clinically relevant nonmajor bleeding in patients from East Asia. Warfarin is associated with more intracranial bleeding, particularly in patients from East Asia.
Source: American Heart Journal - June 9, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Shinya Goto, Jun Zhu, Lisheng Liu, Byung-Hee Oh, Daniel M. Wojdyla, Philip Aylward, M. Cecilia Bahit, Bernard J. Gersh, Michael Hanna, John Horowitz, Renato D. Lopes, Lars Wallentin, Denis Xavier, John H. Alexander, ARISTOTLE Investigators Tags: Electrophysiology Source Type: research

Finding atrial fibrillation in stroke patients: Randomized evaluation of enhanced and prolonged Holter monitoring—Find-AFRANDOMISED —rationale and design
Background: Detecting paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF) in patients with ischemic strokes presenting in sinus rhythm is challenging because episodes are often short, occur randomly, and are frequently asymptomatic. If AF is detected, recurrent thromboembolism can be prevented efficiently by oral anticoagulation. Numerous uncontrolled studies using various electrocardiogram (ECG) devices have established that prolonged ECG monitoring increases the yield of AF detection, but most established procedures are time-consuming and costly. The few randomized trials are mostly limited to cryptogenic strokes. The optimal method, du...
Source: American Heart Journal - July 7, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Mark Weber-Krüger, Götz Gelbrich, Raoul Stahrenberg, Jan Liman, Pawel Kermer, Gerhard F. Hamann, Joachim Seegers, Klaus Gröschel, Rolf Wachter, Find-AFRANDOMISED investigators Tags: Trial Designs Source Type: research

Improving outcomes in patients with atrial fibrillation: Rationale and design of the Early treatment of Atrial fibrillation for Stroke prevention Trial
Conclusion EAST will determine whether rhythm control therapy, when applied early after the initial diagnosis of AF, can prevent cardiovascular complications associated with AF.
Source: American Heart Journal - October 20, 2014 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Transesophageal echocardiography in patients with cryptogenic ischemic stroke: A systematic review
Conclusions Routine TEE in patients with cryptogenic IS identifies cardiac findings in a large proportion. However, there is marked interstudy variation in the definition and prevalence of common findings. Transesophageal echocardiography–detected findings prompted the introduction of anticoagulant therapy in up to one-third of patients. However, these were mostly not for established guideline-based indications based on randomized controlled trial evidence. It is unclear if routine use of TEE in patients with cryptogenic IS is indicated.
Source: American Heart Journal - October 31, 2014 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Accuracy and Validation of an Automated Electronic Algorithm to Identify Patients with Atrial Fibrillation at Risk for Stroke
Conclusions Automated methods can be used to identify patients with prevalent AF indicated for anticoagulation, but may suffer from misclassification up to 12%, which limits the utility of relying on administrative data alone for quality assessment. Misclassification is minimized by requiring comorbidity diagnoses within the prior year and using a CHA2DS2-Vasc based algorithm. Despite differences in accuracy between algorithms, system-wide anticoagulation rates assessed were similar regardless of algorithm used.
Source: American Heart Journal - October 31, 2014 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Pioglitazone for secondary prevention after ischemic stroke and transient ischemic attack: Rationale and design of the Insulin Resistance Intervention after Stroke Trial
Publication date: December 2014 Source:American Heart Journal, Volume 168, Issue 6 Author(s): Catherine M. Viscoli , Lawrence M. Brass , Antonio Carolei , Robin Conwit , Gary A. Ford , Karen L. Furie , Mark Gorman , Peter D. Guarino , Silvio E. Inzucchi , Anne M. Lovejoy , Mark W. Parsons , Peter N. Peduzzi , Peter A. Ringleb , Gregory G. Schwartz , J. David Spence , David Tanne , Lawrence H. Young , Walter N. Kernan Background Recurrent vascular events remain a major source of morbidity and mortality after stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA). The IRIS Trial is evaluating an approach to secondary prevention based o...
Source: American Heart Journal - November 25, 2014 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Case management reduces global vascular risk after stroke: Secondary results from the The preventing recurrent vascular events and neurological worsening through intensive organized case-management randomized controlled trial
Conclusions Case management by nonphysician providers is associated with improved global vascular risk in patients with recent stroke/TIA. Reductions achieved during the active phase of the trial persisted after trial conclusion.
Source: American Heart Journal - November 25, 2014 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Clinical events after transitioning from apixaban versus warfarin to warfarin at the end of the Apixaban for Reduction in Stroke and Other Thromboembolic Events in Atrial Fibrillation (ARISTOTLE) trial
Conclusions The excess in thrombotic and bleeding events in the apixaban group after study drug discontinuation appears to be related to an increased risk associated with the initiation of a VKA rather than a direct effect of apixaban. Whether ≥2 days of apixaban bridging improves outcomes during VKA transition is unknown and deserves further evaluation.
Source: American Heart Journal - December 9, 2014 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

National trends in stroke after acute myocardial infarction among Medicare patients in the United States: 1999 to 2010
Conclusions From 1999 to 2010, the 1-year risk for ischemic stroke after AMI declined, whereas the risk of hemorrhagic stroke remained unchanged. However, 30-day and 1-year mortality continued to be high.
Source: American Heart Journal - December 9, 2014 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Female Sex is Associated with a Lower Risk of Stroke in Patients with Heart Failure
Conclusions We found an association between female sex and decreased stroke risk in heart failure patients which persisted after adjustment for concomitant cardiovascular risk factors. The association was attenuated with increasing age, possibly due to competing risks of death.
Source: American Heart Journal - December 18, 2014 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Rationale and design of a cluster-randomized multifaceted intervention trial to improve stroke care quality in China: The GOLDEN BRIDGE-Acute Ischemic Stroke
Conclusions If proven effective, this targeted multifaceted intervention model will be extended nationwide as a model to bridge the evidence-based gap in the AIS management in China.
Source: American Heart Journal - April 3, 2015 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Patient-Centered Research into Outcomes Stroke Patients Prefer and Effectiveness Research (PROSPER): Implementing the Patient-Driven Research Paradigm to Aid Decision Making in Stroke Care
Conclusions PROSPER is a patient-centered outcomes research study guided by patients, caregivers, and the broader healthcare community. By addressing knowledge gaps in treatment uncertainties through comparative effectiveness research, PROSPER has the potential to improve decision-making in stroke care and patient outcomes reflecting individual patient preferences, needs, and values.
Source: American Heart Journal - April 22, 2015 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Patient-Centered Research into Outcomes Stroke Patients Prefer and Effectiveness Research: Implementing the patient-driven research paradigm to aid decision making in stroke care
Conclusions PROSPER is a patient-centered outcome research study guided by patients, caregivers, and the broader health care community. By addressing knowledge gaps in treatment uncertainties through comparative effectiveness research, PROSPER has the potential to improve decision making in stroke care and patient outcomes reflecting individual patient preferences, needs, and values.
Source: American Heart Journal - May 11, 2015 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Real-Time Physiologic Biomarker for Prediction of Atrial Fibrillation Recurrence, Stroke, and Mortality After Electrical Cardioversion − A Prospective observational study
Conclusions Patients with decreased LAAEV have an increased risk of AF recurrence, stroke and mortality following successful ECV. Real-time measurement of LAAEV by TEE may be a useful physiologic biomarker for individualizing treatment decisions in patients with AF.
Source: American Heart Journal - July 31, 2015 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Impact of standardized MONitoring for Detection of Atrial Fibrillation in Ischemic Stroke (MonDAFIS) – Rationale and design of a prospective randomized multicenter study
Conclusion MonDAFIS will be the largest study to date to evaluate whether a prolonged and systematic ECG monitoring during the initial in hospital stay has an impact on secondary stroke prevention. In addition, prognosis as well as adherence to medication up to two years after the index stroke will be analyzed. The primary results of the MonDAFIS study may have the potential to change the current guidelines recommendations regarding ECG work-up after ischemic stroke.
Source: American Heart Journal - October 22, 2015 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Comparison of Risk Scores for the Prediction of Stroke in African Americans: Findings from the Jackson Heart Study
Conclusions Both scores were associated with incident stroke in a dose–response fashion; however, the CVD risk model was more discriminating than the CVH model. The CVH score may still be preferable for its simplicity in application to broad patient populations and public health efforts.
Source: American Heart Journal - April 17, 2016 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Blood Pressure Control and Stroke or Bleeding Risk in Anticoagulated Patients with Atrial Fibrillation: Results from the ROCKET AF Trial
Conclusions In a trial of anticoagulated patients with AF, increasing screening SBP was independently associated with stroke and SE, and one-third of patients had uncontrolled hypertension. The relative effectiveness and safety of rivaroxaban versus warfarin was consistent across all levels of screening SBP. A single SBP may be an important factor in reducing the overall risk of stroke and SE in anticoagulated patients with AF.
Source: American Heart Journal - May 7, 2016 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Diabetes, diabetes severity and coronary heart disease risk equivalence REasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS)
Conclusions Participants with diabetes had lower risk of CHD events than those with prevalent CHD. However, participants with severe diabetes had similar risk as those with prevalent CHD. Diabetes severity may need consideration when deciding whether diabetes is a CHD risk equivalent.
Source: American Heart Journal - August 12, 2016 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

How Well Does Physician Risk Assessment Predict Stroke and Bleeding in Atrial Fibrillation? Results from the Outcomes Registry for Better Informed Treatment of Atrial Fibrillation (ORBIT-AF)
Conclusion Physician-assigned risk showed a graded relationship with outcomes and both physician-based and empirical scores yielded only moderate discrimination. While empirical scores provided valuable risk stratification information (with or without physician judgement), physician-assessment added little to existing scores. These data support the use of empirical scores for stroke and bleeding risk stratification, and the need for novel approaches to risk stratification in this population.
Source: American Heart Journal - August 27, 2016 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Acute Management of Stroke Patients Taking Non-vitamin K Antagonist Oral Anticoagulants Addressing Real-world Anticoagulant Management Issues in Stroke (ARAMIS) Registry: Design and Rationale
Conclusion The ARAMIS Registry will document the current state of management of NOAC treated patients with acute ischemic stroke as well as contemporary care and outcome of anticoagulation-related intracerebral hemorrhage. These data will be used to better understand optimal strategies to care for these complex but increasingly common emergent real world clinical challenges.
Source: American Heart Journal - August 27, 2016 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Diabetes, diabetes severity, and coronary heart disease risk equivalence: REasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS)
Conclusions Participants with diabetes had lower risk of CHD events than did those with prevalent CHD. However, participants with severe diabetes had similar risk to those with prevalent CHD. Diabetes severity may need consideration when deciding whether diabetes is a CHD risk equivalent.
Source: American Heart Journal - September 6, 2016 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Acute management of stroke patients taking non –vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants Addressing Real-world Anticoagulant Management Issues in Stroke (ARAMIS) Registry: Design and rationale
Conclusion The ARAMIS Registry will document the current state of management of NOAC treated patients with acute ischemic stroke as well as contemporary care and outcome of anticoagulation-related intracerebral hemorrhage. These data will be used to better understand optimal strategies to care for these complex but increasingly common emergent real world clinical challenges.
Source: American Heart Journal - September 24, 2016 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Vitamin K antagonists for stroke prevention in hemodialysis patients with atrial fibrillation: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Conclusion Our meta-analysis revealed a trend for a reduction of the risk of ischemic stroke in hemodialysis patients with AF treated with VKA. The true protective effect may have been underestimated, owing to inclusion of low-risk patients not expected to benefit from anticoagulation and to suboptimal anticoagulation. However, assessment of the overall effect of VKA in hemodialysis patients should also take into account the increased risk of bleeding, in particular of hemorrhagic stroke. Whether new oral anticoagulants provide a better benefit–risk ratio in hemodialysis patients should be the subject of future trials.
Source: American Heart Journal - October 5, 2016 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Anemia Is Associated With Bleeding and Mortality, but Not Stroke, in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation: Insights From the ARISTOTLE Trial
Conclusions Chronic anemia is associated with a higher incidence of bleeding complications and mortality, but not of stroke, in anticoagulated patients with AF. Apixaban is an attractive anticoagulant for stroke prevention in patients with AF with or without anemia.
Source: American Heart Journal - December 22, 2016 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Clinical decision support for stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation (CDS-AF): Rationale and design of a cluster randomized trial in the primary care setting
Conclusion The present study will investigate whether a clinical decision support system integrated in an EHR can increase adherence to guidelines regarding anticoagulant therapy in patients with AF. Trial registration www.clinicaltrials.gov registration number NCT02635685
Source: American Heart Journal - February 16, 2017 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Atrial fibrillation detected by continuous ECG monitoring using implantable loop recorder to prevent stroke in individuals at risk (The LOOP study): Rationale and design of a large randomized controlled trial
Conclusion The LOOP study will evaluate health benefits and cost-effectiveness of ILR as a screening tool for AF to prevent stroke in patients at risk. Secondary objectives include identification of risk factors for the development of AF and characterization of arrhythmias in the population. The trial holds the potential to influence the future of stroke prevention.
Source: American Heart Journal - February 21, 2017 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Atrial fibrillation detected by continuous electrocardiographic monitoring using implantable loop recorder to prevent stroke in individuals at risk (the LOOP study): Rationale and design of a large randomized controlled trial
Conclusion The LOOP study will evaluate health benefits and cost-effectiveness of ILR as a screening tool for AF to prevent stroke in patients at risk. Secondary objectives include identification of risk factors for the development of AF and characterization of arrhythmias in the population. The trial holds the potential to influence the future of stroke prevention.
Source: American Heart Journal - March 15, 2017 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Rationale, design and baseline characteristics of the Salt Substitute and Stroke Study (SSaSS) – a large-scale cluster randomized controlled trial
Publication date: Available online 14 March 2017 Source:American Heart Journal Author(s): Bruce Neal, Maoyi Tian, Nicole Li, Paul Elliott, Lijing L. Yan, Darwin R. Labarthe, Liping Huang, Xuejun Yin, Zhixin Hao, Sandrine Stepien, Jingpu Shi, Xiangxian Feng, Jianxin Zhang, Yuhong Zhang, Ruijuan Zhang, Yangfeng Wu Lowering sodium intake with a reduced-sodium, added potassium salt substitute has been proved to lower blood pressure levels. Whether the same strategy will also reduce the risks of vascular outcomes is uncertain and controversial. The Salt Substitute and Stroke Study (SSaSS) has been designed to test whether sodi...
Source: American Heart Journal - March 15, 2017 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Rationale, design, and baseline characteristics of the Salt Substitute and Stroke Study (SSaSS) —A large-scale cluster randomized controlled trial
Publication date: June 2017 Source:American Heart Journal, Volume 188 Author(s): Bruce Neal, Maoyi Tian, Nicole Li, Paul Elliott, Lijing L. Yan, Darwin R. Labarthe, Liping Huang, Xuejun Yin, Zhixin Hao, Sandrine Stepien, Jingpu Shi, Xiangxian Feng, Jianxin Zhang, Yuhong Zhang, Ruijuan Zhang, Yangfeng Wu Lowering sodium intake with a reduced-sodium, added potassium salt substitute has been proved to lower blood pressure levels. Whether the same strategy will also reduce the risks of vascular outcomes is uncertain and controversial. The SSaSS has been designed to test whether sodium reduction achieved with a salt substitute...
Source: American Heart Journal - April 4, 2017 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Factors Associated with Non-vitamin K Antagonist Oral Anticoagulants for Stroke Prevention in Patients with New-Onset Atrial Fibrillation: Results from the Outcomes Registry for Better Informed Treatment of Atrial Fibrillation II (ORBIT-AF II)
Conclusions In contemporary clinical practice up to three-fourths of patients with new-onset AF are now initially treated with a NOAC for stroke prevention. Those selected for NOAC treatment had lower stroke and bleeding risk profiles, were more likely treated by cardiologists and had higher socioeconomic status. Trial Registration clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT01701817
Source: American Heart Journal - April 4, 2017 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Stroke of Known Cause and Underlying Atrial Fibrillation (STROKE-AF) Randomized Trial: Design and Rationale
Conclusion This trial will provide information on the value of ICMs to detect subclinical AF in patients with stroke presumed due to large vessel atherosclerosis or small vessel disease, which will have implications for guiding treatment with oral anticoagulation for secondary stroke prevention.
Source: American Heart Journal - April 19, 2017 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Factors associated with non –vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants for stroke prevention in patients with new-onset atrial fibrillation: Results from the Outcomes Registry for Better Informed Treatment of Atrial Fibrillation II (ORBIT-AF II)
Conclusions In contemporary clinical practice, up to three-fourths of patients with new-onset AF are now initially treated with a NOAC for stroke prevention. Those selected for NOAC treatment had lower stroke and bleeding risk profiles, were more likely treated by cardiologists, and had higher socioeconomic status. Trial registration clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT01701817
Source: American Heart Journal - April 25, 2017 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Availability of patient decision aids for stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation: A systematic review
The objective of this review was to examine the existence and accessibility of, as well as select outcomes associated with, published, formally evaluated patient decision aids for stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation. Methods Six databases were searched from inception to March 2016 with a research librarian. Two authors independently reviewed potential articles, selected trials meeting inclusion criteria, and assessed outcome measures. Outcomes included: patient knowledge, involvement, choice, and decisional conflict. Results The search resulted in 666 articles; most were excluded for not examining stroke prevention in...
Source: American Heart Journal - June 3, 2017 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Two-year follow-up of patients treated with dabigatran for stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation: GLORIA-AF Registry
Conclusions These global data confirm the sustained safety and effectiveness of dabigatran over 2years of follow-up, consistent with the results from clinical trials as well as contemporary real-world studies. WHAT IS KNOWN • Non- vitamin K antagonist (VKA) anticoagulants (NOACs) are the preferred therapy for prevention of ischemic stroke based on phase 3 trials, but there is insufficient information on their efficacy and safety in daily practice, based on prospectively collected data WHAT IS NEW • This study shows that in non-valvular AF patient population, with up to 2years of follow-up, the use of dabigatran led to ...
Source: American Heart Journal - September 1, 2017 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Apixaban following acute coronary syndromes in patients with prior stroke: Insights from the APPRAISE-2 trial
Conclusions Patients with prior stroke are at higher risk for recurrent cardiovascular events post-ACS and had a differential risk/benefit profile with oral anticoagulation.
Source: American Heart Journal - October 25, 2017 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Transcatheter closure of patent foramen ovale following cryptogenic stroke: An updated meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
Conclusions Transcatheter closure is associated with a significant reduction in the risk of stroke compared to medical management at the expense of an increased risk of atrial arrhythmias.
Source: American Heart Journal - February 1, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Predictors of Oral Anticoagulant Non-prescription in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation and Elevated Stroke Risk
Conclusions In this registry of AF patients, older patients at elevated stroke and low bleeding risk were commonly treated with OAC. However, a variety of factors were associated with OAC non-prescription. Specifically, antiplatelet use was prevalent and associated with the highest likelihood of OAC non-prescription. Future studies are warranted to understand provider and patient rationale that may underlie observed associations with OAC non-prescription.
Source: American Heart Journal - March 11, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Stroke type and severity in patients with subclinical atrial fibrillation: An analysis from the Asymptomatic Atrial Fibrillation and Stroke Evaluation in Pacemaker Patients and the Atrial Fibrillation Reduction Atrial Pacing Trial (ASSERT)
Conclusions In patients with SCAF and stroke, SCAF seems probably causal in many cases; however, in more than 40%, it seems to be acting only as a risk marker.
Source: American Heart Journal - June 15, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Does self-monitoring and self-management of blood pressure after stroke or transient ischemic attack improve control? TEST-BP, a randomized controlled trial
Publication date: Available online 27 July 2018Source: American Heart JournalAuthor(s): William J. Davison, Phyo K. Myint, Allan B. Clark, Lois G. Kim, Edward C. Wilson, Maggie Langley, John F. PotterThe therapeutic benefit of self-monitoring blood pressure in stroke patients is uncertain. We investigated the effect of self-monitoring with or without guided antihypertensive management compared with usual care in patients with a recent cerebrovascular event. No between-group differences in blood pressure at outcome were found, but blood pressure self-monitoring and management was well tolerated.
Source: American Heart Journal - July 28, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

System-integrated technology-enabled model of care to improve the health of stroke patients in rural China: protocol for SINEMA--a cluster-randomized controlled trial
This study aims to develop a system-integrated technology-enabled intervention model of care (SINEMA) for the secondary prevention of stroke in rural China and to evaluate the effectiveness of the model compared with usual care.MethodsThe SINEMA model is being implemented and evaluated through a one-year cluster-randomized controlled trial in Nanhe County, Hebei Province in China. Fifty villages from five townships are randomized in a 1:1 ratio to either the intervention or the control arm (usual care) with a target to enroll 25 stroke survivors per village. Village doctors in the intervention arm 1) receive systematic cas...
Source: American Heart Journal - September 5, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

An international cluster randomized quality-improvement trial to increase the adherence to evidence-based therapies for acute ischemic stroke and transient ischemic attack patients: Rationale and design of the BRIDGE STROKE trial
Publication date: Available online 30 September 2018Source: American Heart JournalAuthor(s): Maria Julia Machline-Carrion, Eliana Vieira Santucci, Lucas Petri Damiani, Cecilia Bahit, Germán Málaga, Octávio Marques Ponte-Neto, Sheila Cristina Ouriques Martins, Viviane Flumignan Zétola, Karina Normilio-Silva, Gabriel Rodrigues de Freitas, Alessandra Gorgulho, Antônio De Salles, Beatriz Gonzales Pacheco da Silva, Juliana Yamashita Santos, Isabella de Andrade Jesuíno, Priscila Regina Torres Bueno, Alexandre Biasi Cavalcanti, Hélio Penna Guimarães, Ying Xian, Janet Prvu BettgerAbstractBackgroundTranslating evidence into...
Source: American Heart Journal - October 5, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Blood Pressure Differences Between Home Monitoring and Daytime Ambulatory Values and their Reproducibility in Treated Hypertensive Stroke and TIA Patients
ConclusionsDaytime ambulatory systolic and diastolic blood pressure values were significantly lower than home monitored values at both time points. Differences between the two methods were not reproducible for individuals. Using the same threshold value for both out-of-office measurement methods may not be appropriate in patients with cerebrovascular disease.
Source: American Heart Journal - October 21, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

An international cluster-randomized quality improvement trial to increase the adherence to evidence-based therapies for acute ischemic stroke and transient ischemic attack patients: Rationale and design of the BRIDGE STROKE Trial
Publication date: January 2019Source: American Heart Journal, Volume 207Author(s): Maria Julia Machline-Carrion, Eliana Vieira Santucci, Lucas Petri Damiani, Cecilia Bahit, Germán Málaga, Octávio Marques Pontes-Neto, Sheila Cristina Ouriques Martins, Viviane Flumignan Zétola, Karina Normilio-Silva, Gabriel Rodrigues de Freitas, Alessandra Gorgulho, Antônio De Salles, Beatriz Gonzales Pacheco da Silva, Juliana Yamashita Santos, Isabella de Andrade Jesuíno, Priscila Regina Torres Bueno, Alexandre Biasi Cavalcanti, Hélio Penna Guimarães, Ying Xian, Janet Prvu BettgerBackgroundTranslating evidence into clinical practic...
Source: American Heart Journal - November 9, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Relationship of stroke and bleeding risk profiles to efficacy and safety of dabigatran dual therapy versus warfarin triple therapy in atrial fibrillation after PCI: An ancillary analysis from the RE-DUAL PCI trial
ConclusionDabigatran dual therapy reduced bleeding events irrespective of bleeding risk category and demonstrated similar efficacy regardless of stroke risk category when compared with warfarin triple therapy.
Source: American Heart Journal - March 4, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Risk of stroke subsequent to infective endocarditis: A nationwide study
ConclusionPatients with non-surgically treated IE with a stroke during IE admission were at significant higher associated risk of subsequent stroke within the first year of follow-up as compared with patients without a stroke during IE admission. This risk difference was not evident beyond one year of discharge. These findings underline the need for identification of causes and mechanisms of recurrent strokes after IE to develop preventive means.
Source: American Heart Journal - March 28, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Predictors of NOAC versus VKA use for stroke prevention in patients with newly diagnosed atrial fibrillation: Results from GARFIELD-AF
ConclusionGARFIELD-AF data highlights marked heterogeneity in stroke prevention strategies globally. Physicians are adopting an individualized approach to stroke prevention where NOACs are favored in patients with a lower stroke risk, but also in the elderly and patients with ACS.
Source: American Heart Journal - April 11, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Role of diabetes and insulin use in the risk of stroke and acute myocardial infarction in patients with atrial fibrillation: A Medicare analysis
ConclusionThere is an incremental risk of ischemic stroke and MI from non-diabetics to non-insulin diabetics with the highest risk in insulin users. Protective effect of anticoagulation is attenuated with insulin use.
Source: American Heart Journal - May 11, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

C-reactive Protein and Stroke Risk in Blacks and Whites: the REasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke Cohort
ConclusionsCRP may not be equally useful in stroke risk assessment in blacks and whites. Confirmation, similar study for coronary heart disease, and identification of reasons for these racial differences require further study.
Source: American Heart Journal - August 14, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Association of 25-hydroxyvitamin D with incident coronary heart disease in the reasons for geographic and racial differences in stroke (REGARDS) study
ConclusionsLower plasma 25(OH)D concentrations were associated with higher risk of incident CHD. In contrast to prior studies, these associations did not differ by race.
Source: American Heart Journal - August 21, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Four-year trends in oral anticoagulant use and declining rates of ischemic stroke among 194,030 atrial fibrillation patients drawn from a sample of 12 million people
ConclusionThere was a slight increase in the prevalence of AF between 2012 and 2015, while the overall use of antiplatelet agents decreased and that of OAC, particularly DOACs, increased. Over the same period, 1 year hospitalizations for ischemic stroke declined substantially, with a declining rate of hemorrhagic strokes.
Source: American Heart Journal - November 10, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research