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Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Therapy: Dialysis

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Total 29 results found since Jan 2013.

TAVR After Prior Mitral Valve Surgery: Results from the Transcatheter Valve Therapy Registry
ConclusionsPatients with prior SMVR undergoing TAVR had similar 30-day outcomes, slightly higher 1-year mortality, and no increase in early PVL compared to those without previous SMVR. Prior SMVR should not preclude TAVR in appropriately selected patients.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - October 24, 2019 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Long-Term Single Centre Outcomes of Patients with Chronic Renal Dialysis Undergoing Cardiac Surgery
CONCLUSIONSCardiac surgery in DD-CRF patients is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Interestingly, overall mortality was mainly none cardiac-related, where elderly patients or those presented with CHF had the worst life expectancy. However, subsequent kidney transplantation positively impact long-term survival in such patients.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - September 27, 2019 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Aortic Valve Replacement in Bioprosthetic Failure:Insights from The Society of Thoracic Surgeons National Database
ConclusionsThe number of patients undergoing SAVR for degenerated bioprosthesis is decreasing in U.S, particularly among older and high-risk patients. These trends may reflect the adoption of valve-in-valve transcatheter aortic valve replacement for degenerated bioprosthesis after its FDA approval in 2015.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - September 24, 2019 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Early Outcomes after Thoracoabdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair with Hypothermic Circulatory Arrest
ConclusionsOur extended experience with this technique confirms its safety and effectiveness when used on a routine basis. The rates of spinal cord injury and permanent renal failure are among the lowest reported in the literature. Particularly favorable outcomes were observed in younger patients and those undergoing elective operations.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - May 12, 2019 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Open Descending and Thoracoabdominal Aortic Repairs in Patients Younger than 50 Years Old
ConclusionsPatients under 50 years old with D/TAAA have low surgical risks and open repairs can be performed with excellent short-term and durable long-term results. Open surgical repairs should be considered initially in younger patients requiring D/TAAA repairs. HTAD warrants closer postoperative surveillance.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - April 19, 2019 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Outcomes of Isolated Tricuspid Valve Surgery Have Improved in the Modern Era
ConclusionsIn the current era with careful patient selection and periprocedural management, isolated TV surgery can be performed with lower morbidity and mortality than has traditionally been reported with good long term survival. These outcomes can also serve as a benchmark for catheter-based tricuspid valve intervention outcomes.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - April 2, 2019 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Endovascular Versus Open Repair For Chronic Type B Dissection Treatment: A meta-analysis
ConclusionsThis recent non -randomised data shows early ER benefit, unsustained at mid-term. Reintervention is higher after ER, necessitating improved technique. However, OS is exempt neither from reintervention nor rupture. Both techniques have their place, but patient selection is key.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - November 25, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Does Mitral Valve Calcium In Patients Undergoing Mitral Valve Replacement Portend Worse Survival?
ConclusionsConservative approach to treat MAC achieves satisfactory results. Patients with MAC have significant comorbidities contributing to a worse survival though MAC in itself is not a risk factor for mortality.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - November 3, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Clinical Outcomes of Mitral Valve Reoperations in the United States: An Analysis of the Society of Thoracic Surgeons National Database
ConclusionsDespite a high-risk patient profile, surgical outcomes of reoperative MVS were acceptable, particularly in elective cases with prior mitral valve surgery and without endocarditis.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - October 24, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Preoperative Venoarterial Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation Slashes Risk Score in Advanced Structural Heart Disease
ConclusionsECMO can be used as a bridge to heart valve or septal defect surgery in severely decompensated patients. Through recovery of end-organ function, ECMO may allow surgical correction of structural heart disease in patients considered inoperable or convert a salvage situation to an elective operation.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - September 18, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Outcomes of Planned Two-Stage Hybrid Aortic Repair With Dacron-Replaced Proximal Landing Zone
ConclusionsPlanned two-stage HAR with open first-stage proximal aortic replacement, followed by second-stage TEVAR with Dacron-replaced PLZ yields excellent short-term and long-term results, including low rates of reintervention likely due to the long-segment PLZ within the Dacron-replaced aorta. The technique should be considered in patients with even mild (>4.0 cm) ascending aortic dilation in whom HAR is otherwise the preferred treatment option.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - August 24, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Hemiarch Reconstruction Versus Clamped Aortic Anastomosis for Concomitant Ascending Aortic Aneurysm
ConclusionsHemiarch replacement using DHCA with RCP does not increase the risk of operative complications compared with a normothermic, clamped-distal aortic anastomosis, and therefore its use should not be limited when planning complex multiprocedural reconstructions during elective ascending thoracic aortic replacement with concomitant cardiac surgery.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - August 21, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Hemiarch Reconstruction Vs Clamped Aortic Anastomosis for Concomitant Ascending Aortic Aneurysm
Conclusions Hemiarch replacement using DHCA with RCP does not increase the risk of operative complications compared to a normothermic, clamped-distal aortic anastomosis, and therefore its use should not be limited when planning complex multi-procedural reconstructions during elective ascending thoracic aortic replacement with concomitant cardiac surgery.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - May 4, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Does Surgical Ablation Energy Source Affect Long-Term Success of the Concomitant Cox Maze Procedure?
Conclusions Concomitant CM procedures performed with cryothermal energy alone or combined with bipolar radiofrequency ablation are safe and exceedingly effective. The association of cryothermal energy alone with higher rates of sinus rhythm and stroke reduction should be investigated further.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - June 17, 2017 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Reoperation for Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Surgery: Outcomes and Considerations for Expanding Interventional Procedures
Conclusions Redo CABG can be performed safely with low early and late morbidity and mortality. Important predictors of long-term mortality such as age, diabetes, renal disease, and peripheral vascular disease were identified and should guide the treatment strategy chosen for this challenging group of patients.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - May 18, 2017 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Open Repair of Thoracoabdominal Aortic Aneurysm in Patients 50 Years Old and  Younger
Conclusions Early outcomes of open TAAA repair were excellent for patients 50 years old or younger, despite the fact that these patients typically required extensive repairs.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - December 6, 2016 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Outcomes of Dialysis-Dependent Patients After Cardiac Operations in a Single-Center Experience of 483 Patients
Conclusions Patients with DD CRF undergoing cardiac operations have high perioperative and medium-term mortality, particularly in the presence of combined aortic and mitral valve pathologic conditions, active endocarditis, and poor left ventricular function.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - December 6, 2016 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Prolonged Cross-Clamping During Aortic Valve Replacement Is an Independent Predictor of Postoperative Morbidity and Mortality: Analysis of the Japan Cardiovascular Surgery Database
Conclusions Prolonged ACCD offers an independent predictor of postoperative morbidity and mortality after isolated AVR for AS despite recent technologic advances and surgical refinements.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - September 10, 2016 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation Versus Surgical Aortic Valve Replacement for Severe Aortic Stenosis in Patients With Chronic Kidney Disease Stages 3b to 5
Conclusions CKD stages 3b to 5 increases the risk of mortality after TAVI and SAVR. In this subset of patients, SAVR was associated with somewhat better early and late survival. The risk of acute kidney injury was higher after SAVR. These findings suggest that CKD stages 3b to 5 does not contraindicate SAVR. Strategies to prevent severe acute kidney injury should be implemented with either SAVR or TAVI.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - July 19, 2016 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Reexploration for Bleeding and Its Association With Mortality After Cardiac Surgery
Conclusions Excessive bleeding leading to reexploration is associated with a twofold increased early postoperative mortality rate. Reexploration for bleeding is also associated with mortality beyond 90 days after operation.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - June 27, 2016 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Aortic Valve Replacement in the Moderately Elevated Risk Patient: A Population-Based Analysis of Outcomes
Conclusions This population-based contemporary assessment suggests moderate-risk patients undergoing AVR experience favorable outcomes. Although increasing PROM is important in preoperative evaluation of risk, preexisting pulmonary hypertension and indication for operation are among other factors that should be considered as TAVR expands into this group of patients.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - June 17, 2016 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Beyond the Aortic Root: Staged Open and Endovascular Repair of Arch and Descending Aorta in Patients with Connective Tissue Disorders
Conclusions Most patients with CTDs who require operations beyond the aortic root have aortic dissection and require multiple reinterventions. Staged repair strategies, including open repair in combination with TEVAR, are feasible, and benefits outweigh risks. These patients require lifelong imaging surveillance.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - November 4, 2015 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Moderate Versus Deep Hypothermia With Unilateral Selective Antegrade Cerebral Perfusion for Acute Type A Dissection
Conclusions Moderate HCA with uSACP is an effective circulation management strategy that provides excellent cerebral and visceral protection during emergent ATAAD repair. In the setting of antegrade cerebral perfusion, deep hypothermia does not provide any additional benefit.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - October 30, 2015 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Contemporary Outcomes of Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Among Patients With Insulin-Treated and Non–Insulin-Treated Diabetes
Conclusions Patients with diabetes undergoing CABG have substantially increased risk of major adverse events. Patients with ITDM represent an especially high-risk group.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - August 25, 2015 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Outcomes of Open Repair of Mycotic Descending Thoracic and Thoracoabdominal Aortic Aneurysms
Conclusions Open repair of mycotic descending thoracic and thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms remains the gold standard of therapy. Aggressive intraoperative debridement with in situ prosthetic reconstruction permits a high rate of success in this very high risk cohort of patients. Lifelong antibiotic suppression therapy may prevent late prosthetic graft infection.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - August 14, 2015 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Is Total Arch Replacement Associated With Worse Outcomes During Repair of Acute Type A Aortic Dissection?
Conclusions Acute type A aortic dissection remains a challenge associated with significant mortality and morbidity. When compared with a less aggressive resection, total arch replacement performed in an individualized fashion can be associated with acceptable early and late outcomes for ATAAD and was not associated with worse outcomes.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - August 11, 2015 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Evolution in the Management of Aberrant Subclavian Arteries and Related Kommerell Diverticulum
Conclusions Aberrant subclavian arteries and associated Kommerell diverticulum can be treated with acceptable rates of mortality and morbidity. The evolution toward an endovascular approach did not appear to affect late outcomes, suggesting that the choice of treatment should be based on patient-specific anatomy and associated comorbidities.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - April 23, 2015 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Propensity Adjusted Analysis of Open and Endovascular Thoracic Aortic Repair for Chronic Type B Dissection: A Twenty-Year Evaluation
Conclusions Intervention for CBAD can be performed with excellent results, either by an open or endovascular approach. The higher rate of treatment failure after TEVAR warrants modification of current device design or endovascular approach before broad application of this treatment strategy.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - February 19, 2015 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Outcomes of Open Repair for Chronic Descending Thoracic Aortic Dissection
Conclusions Open repairs of chronic descending thoracic aortic aneurysm dissections can be performed with respectable morbidity and mortality. Neurologic deficit remains low with the use of adjuncts, and early deaths are directly related to preoperative renal status. Reintervention on the involved aortic segment is low. These results allow comparisons with endovascular repair for chronic aortic dissection.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - January 23, 2015 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research