Query: stroke

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Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Procedure: Gastroschisis Repair

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Total 84 results found since Jan 2013.

Five Year Outcomes from the US Pivotal Trial of Valiant Captivia Stent Graft for Blunt Aortic Injury
ConclusionsThis multicenter clinical trial describes excellent 5-year outcomes and durable exclusion of blunt thoracic aortic injury using a novel stent graft system. TEVAR with this endograft appears to be a safe and effective treatment option for patients with BTAI.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - January 26, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Dissection of Arch Branches Alone: An Indication for Aggressive Arch Management in Type A Dissection?
ConclusionsIn acute type A aortic dissection, dissection of arch branches alone should not be an indication for routine zone 1/2/3 arch replacement; however zone 1/2/3 arch replacement could be considered to prevent future reoperations in select patients.Visual Abstract
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - January 21, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Degenerative Mitral Valve Repair Simplified: An Evolution to Universal Artificial Cordal Repair
ConclusionsArtificial cordal repair for all patients with degenerative MR simplifies MV repair and yields equivalent, excellent outcomes compared to a tailored resectional approach.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - December 19, 2019 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Outcomes of Repair of Kommerell Diverticulum
ConclusionsOpen and endovascular approaches have a high success rate and low mortality risk. Selection of the specific type of intervention should be based on patient anatomy, additional needed procedures, and comorbid conditions.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - November 22, 2019 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

TAVR After Prior Mitral Valve Surgery: Results from the Transcatheter Valve Therapy Registry
ConclusionsPatients with prior SMVR undergoing TAVR had similar 30-day outcomes, slightly higher 1-year mortality, and no increase in early PVL compared to those without previous SMVR. Prior SMVR should not preclude TAVR in appropriately selected patients.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - October 24, 2019 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Total endovascular repair of the aortic arch: initial experience in the Netherlands
ConclusionsTotal endovascular aortic arch repair using the Relay Branch device is technically feasible and effective in excluding aortic arch pathology. The observed stroke rate in the initial experience, however, was considerable. Although appealing, this new lesser-invasive technique should be carefully introduced, and its progress thoroughly evaluated.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - October 5, 2019 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Cardiac Surgery in Patients with Opioid Use Disorder: An Analysis of 1.7 Million Surgeries
ConclusionsOUD among cardiac surgery patients is associated with prolonged hospitalization and increased risk of postoperative morbidity, and mainly driven by the patient’s preoperative risk factors. Strategies to minimize these risk factors at prehospitalization level is warranted to curb the opioid epidemic and improve overall outcomes in this vulnerable population.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - September 1, 2019 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Endovascular Repair of Ascending Aortic Disease in High-Risk Patients Yields Favorable Outcome
ConclusionsAscending aortic stent placement for ascending aortic disease is feasible and is associated with favorable aortic remodeling. Despite persistent perfusion to the false lumen in a subset of patients, there is minimal aortic dilation at short-term follow-up with excellent survival.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - August 28, 2019 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Dissection of Arch Branches Alone an Indication for Aggressive Arch Management in Type A Dissection?
ConclusionsIn ATAAD, dissection of arch branches alone should not be an indication for routine zone 1/2/3 arch replacement; however, zone 1/2/3 arch replacement could be considered to prevent future reoperations in select patients.Graphical abstract
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - August 10, 2019 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Physician-Modified Thoracic Stent Grafts for the Arch After Surgical Treatment of Type A Dissection
ConclusionsThe use of physician-modified thoracic stent grafts for the treatment of dissecting aortic arch aneurysm after surgical treatment of acute type A dissection is feasible and effective. Durability concerns will need to be assessed in future studies.Visual Abstract
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - July 21, 2019 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Direct Cannulation in Minimally Invasive Cardiac surgery with limited resources
ConclusionsIn our experience, this approach is a reliable platform for a variety of MICS procedures and has resulted in low complication rates. The technique can be applied safely to both paediatric and adult population. Also, it is very cost effective as regular instruments and cannulas are used.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - July 21, 2019 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Outcomes of Repair of Kommerell’s Diverticulum
ConclusionsOpen and endovascular approaches have a high success rate and low mortality risk. Selection of the specific type of intervention should be based on patient’s anatomy, additional needed procedures, and comorbid conditions.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - June 27, 2019 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Neurologic Outcomes in Aortic Arch Repair With Frozen Elephant Trunk Versus 2-Stage Hybrid Repair
ConclusionsBoth single-stage and 2-stage hybrid arch replacements are effective approaches for treating complex aortic arch diseases. Early deaths and neurological outcomes in the single-stage group are comparable to those in the combined 2-stage group. Furthermore, in this series, patients who had a single-stage hybrid procedure had a higher survival rate at 2 years.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - May 23, 2019 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Early Outcomes after Thoracoabdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair with Hypothermic Circulatory Arrest
ConclusionsOur extended experience with this technique confirms its safety and effectiveness when used on a routine basis. The rates of spinal cord injury and permanent renal failure are among the lowest reported in the literature. Particularly favorable outcomes were observed in younger patients and those undergoing elective operations.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - May 12, 2019 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Open Descending and Thoracoabdominal Aortic Repairs in Patients Younger than 50 Years Old
ConclusionsPatients under 50 years old with D/TAAA have low surgical risks and open repairs can be performed with excellent short-term and durable long-term results. Open surgical repairs should be considered initially in younger patients requiring D/TAAA repairs. HTAD warrants closer postoperative surveillance.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - April 19, 2019 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

The Buffalo Trunk Technique for Aortic Arch Reconstruction
ConclusionsThe benefits of a hybrid approach to the frozen elephant trunk can be attained without the complex industry available technology as presented by our technique, the Buffalo Trunk. Evolution of this approach has facilitated shorter circulatory arrest time, and subsequently overall decreased operative times without compromising outcomes.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - April 12, 2019 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Outcomes of Isolated Tricuspid Valve Surgery Have Improved in the Modern Era
ConclusionsIn the current era with careful patient selection and periprocedural management, isolated TV surgery can be performed with lower morbidity and mortality than has traditionally been reported with good long term survival. These outcomes can also serve as a benchmark for catheter-based tricuspid valve intervention outcomes.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - April 2, 2019 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Tracheostomy After Thoracoabdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair: Risk Factors and Outcomes
ConclusionsPatients who undergo tracheostomy after TAAA repair have a high risk of early and late mortality, as well as prolonged hospitalization. Strategies for improving survival outcomes in tracheostomy patients warrant investigation.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - March 29, 2019 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Physician-Modified Thoracic Stent-Grafts for the arch after surgical treatment of type A dissection
ConclusionsThe use of physician modified thoracic stent-grafts for the treatment of dissecting aortic arch aneurysm after surgical treatment of acute type A dissection is both feasible and effective. Durability concerns will need to be assessed in future studies.Graphical abstract
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - March 20, 2019 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Neurologic Outcomes in Aortic Arch Repair with Frozen Elephant Trunk versus Two-stage Hybrid Repair
ConclusionsBoth single-stage and two-stage hybrid arch replacements are effective approaches for treating complex aortic arch diseases. Early deaths and neurological outcomes in the single-stage group are comparable to those in the combined two-stage group. Furthermore, in this series, patients who had a single-stage hybrid procedure had a higher survival rate at 2 years.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - December 20, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Successful heart transplantation in a patient with Loeys-Dietz Syndrome
Publication date: Available online 1 December 2018Source: The Annals of Thoracic SurgeryAuthor(s): Aliya G. Feroe, Amy G. Fiedler, David A. D’AlessandroAbstractOur patient is a 45-year-old woman with a history of Loeys-Dietz syndrome (LDS), vertebral artery dissection, stroke, prior atrial septal defect (ASD) repair, and spontaneous left main coronary artery dissection re-vascularized with coronary artery bypass grafting who progressed to end-stage heart failure. She was listed for cardiac transplantation and a suitable organ became available. She underwent heart transplantation over one year ago successfully. This is th...
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - December 2, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Outcomes after thoracic endovascular aortic repair with overstenting of the left subclavian artery
ConclusionsEvery 10th patient with LSA overstenting and no revascularization developed left arm malperfusion. No LSA revascularization, extensive aortic coverage with two or more endografts, and coronary artery disease increased the risk for permanent paraplegia, left-hemispherical stroke, and left arm malperfusion. Patients should undergo LSA revascularization to prevent left vertebral artery-associated central neurologic complications and to maintain upper-left extremity perfusion.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - December 1, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Conventional open versus hybrid arch repair of aortic arch disease: early and long-term outcomes
ConclusionsIn the treatment of aortic arch diseases, HAR showed equivalent short-term outcomes compared with TAR but was limited regarding long-term outcomes beyond 5 years post-procedure. Conventional TAR remains the gold standard of therapy, and our findings suggest that the hybrid approach should be reserved for strictly selected patients with significant comorbidities.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - December 1, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Endovascular Versus Open Repair For Chronic Type B Dissection Treatment: A meta-analysis
ConclusionsThis recent non -randomised data shows early ER benefit, unsustained at mid-term. Reintervention is higher after ER, necessitating improved technique. However, OS is exempt neither from reintervention nor rupture. Both techniques have their place, but patient selection is key.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - November 25, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Surgical repair of distal aortic arch aneurysm with distal extension: sternotomy versus thoracotomy
ConclusionsThe sternotomy approach showed better outcomes in terms of operative mortality, stroke, and pneumonia, as well as long-term survival compared to thoractomy. These results suggested that the sternotomy approach was more appropriate for patients with distal aortic arch aneurysms with distal extensions.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - November 16, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Emergency surgery for acute type A aortic dissection in octogenarians without patient selection
ConclusionsEmergency surgery for type A aortic dissection in octogenarians without patient selection resulted in similar rates of mortality and morbidity to younger patients. Octogenarians should not be refused this life-saving emergent surgery.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - November 16, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Emergency Use of Branched Thoracic Endovascular Repair in the Treatment of Aortic Arch Pathologies
Conclusions: Our experience provided an early insight to the feasibility and safety of b-TEVAR in emergency situation, although the early reintervention rate was not negligible. The endograft was versatile with potential off-the-shelf use in future.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - October 30, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Robotic-Assisted Surgical Ablation of Atrial Fibrillation Combined with Mitral Valve Surgery
ConclusionsSurgical AF ablation using robotic-assistance in the setting of mitral valve surgery showed excellent safety and favorable long-term clinical outcomes.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - October 12, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Impact of isolated cerebral perfusion technique for aortic arch aneurysm repair in elderly patients
ConclusionsICP during total aortic arch replacement presents an acceptable procedure for elderly patients with severely atherosclerotic aortas.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - October 10, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Early Clinical Outcomes of Hybrid Arch Frozen Elephant Trunk Repair with the Thoraflex Hybrid Graft
ConclusionsHybrid aortic arch and FET repair with the Thoraflex hybrid graft appears to be associated with good clinical outcomes, despite being early in the learning curve with this graft. Further investigation with this device is warranted to establish its role within the variations of hybrid arch repair.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - October 4, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Frozen Elephant Trunk for Acute Type B Dissection Involving the Distal Arch in the Hybrid Repair Era
ConclusionsOpen repair of ATBAD with distal aortic arch involvement using the frozen elephant trunk procedure with LSCA-LCCA transposition obtained satisfactory outcomes. Avoidance of complications using hybrid repair, good postoperative recovery, and a low prevalence of late reintervention were achieved. The satisfactory results favored this technique for this lesion in this hybrid repair era.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - September 21, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Repair of Thoracic and Thoracoabdominal Mycotic Aneurysms and Infected Aortic Grafts Using Allograft
ConclusionsRadical resection and in situ reconstruction with CPA avoids placing prosthetic material in an infected field and provides good early and midterm outcomes. However, early postoperative imaging is necessary given the risk of pseudoaneurysm formation.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - September 21, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Outcomes of Planned Two-Stage Hybrid Aortic Repair With Dacron-Replaced Proximal Landing Zone
ConclusionsPlanned two-stage HAR with open first-stage proximal aortic replacement, followed by second-stage TEVAR with Dacron-replaced PLZ yields excellent short-term and long-term results, including low rates of reintervention likely due to the long-segment PLZ within the Dacron-replaced aorta. The technique should be considered in patients with even mild (>4.0 cm) ascending aortic dilation in whom HAR is otherwise the preferred treatment option.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - August 24, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Valvectomy Versus Replacement for the Surgical Treatment of Tricuspid Endocarditis
ConclusionsTricuspid valve endocarditis patients who undergo tricuspid valve excision, repair, and replacement have similar 30-day operative mortality, as defined by The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Excision patients have significantly lower unplanned readmission rates at 1 year. Tricuspid valvectomy is an acceptable initial treatment in this high-risk group as part of a surgical strategy to identify patients who are candidates for eventual valve replacement. Further study of long-term outcomes and survival is warranted.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - August 21, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Development of a Risk Prediction Model and Clinical Risk Score for Isolated Tricuspid Valve Surgery
ConclusionsMortality and major morbidity after isolated tricuspid valve surgery can be predicted using preoperative patient data from The Society of Thoracic Surgeons National Adult Cardiac Database. A simple clinical risk score predicts mortality and major morbidity after isolated tricuspid valve surgery. This score may facilitate perioperative counseling and identification of suitable patients for tricuspid valve surgery.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - July 10, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Repair of Thoracic and Thoracoabdominal Mycotic Aneurysms and Infected Aortic Grafts Using Allograft
Conclusions Radical resection and in-situ reconstruction with CPA avoids placing prosthetic material in an infected field and provides good early and mid-term outcomes. However, early postoperative imaging is necessary given the risk of pseudoaneurysm formation.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - May 17, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Valvectomy versus Replacement for the Surgical Treatment of Tricuspid Endocarditis
Conclusions Tricuspid valve excision, repair, and replacement have similar 30-day operative mortality, as defined by the STS, in TV endocarditis patients and significantly lower unplanned readmission rates at one year in the excision patients. Tricuspid valvectomy is an acceptable initial treatment in this high-risk group as part of a surgical strategy to identify patients who are candidates for eventual valve replacement. Further study of long term outcomes and survival is warranted.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - May 17, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Frozen Elephant Trunk for Acute Type B Dissection Involving the Distal Arch in the Hybrid Repair Era
Conclusions Open repair of ATBAD with distal aortic arch involvement using the FET procedure with LSCA–LCCA transposition obtained satisfactory outcomes. Avoidance of complications using hybrid repair, good postoperative recovery, and a low prevalence of late reintervention were achieved. The satisfactory results favored this technique for this lesion in this hybrid repair era.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - May 9, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Durability of Aortic Valve Cusp Repair With and Without Annular Support
Conclusions Valve repair is effective and durable for treating aortic valve dysfunction. Greater severity of AR preoperatively is associated with higher likelihood of repair failure. Commissural figure-of-8 suspension sutures and repair with annular support have the best long-term durability.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - February 16, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Comparison of Endoaortic and Transthoracic Aortic Clamping in Less-Invasive Mitral Valve Surgery
Conclusions Despite recent concerns arising about EAC, this large multicenter study shows equivalence in terms of safety and effectiveness of this technique compared with TTC. Reduction in postoperative bleeding was observed in the EAC group despite the higher rate of complex redo cases.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - February 16, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Development of a Risk Prediction Model and Clinical Risk Score for Isolated Tricuspid Valve Surgery
Conclusions Mortality and major morbidity after isolated TV surgery can be predicted using preoperative patient data from the STS Adult Cardiac Database. A simple clinical risk score predicts mortality and major morbidity after isolated TV surgery. This score may facilitate perioperative counseling and identification of suitable patients for TV surgery.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - February 3, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Retrograde Cerebral Perfusion Is Effective for Prolonged Circulatory Arrest in Arch Aneurysm Repair
Conclusions RCP is an effective adjunctive cerebral protection strategy for complex aortic arch aneurysm repair with prolonged DHCA and is not associated with increased death or neurologic complications.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - January 21, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Evolution of Simplified Frozen Elephant Trunk Repair for Acute DeBakey Type I Dissection: Midterm Outcomes
Conclusions Simplified FET for treating acute DeBakey type I dissection has evolved and remained safe. It promotes aortic remodeling, and simplifies management of chronic aortic complications.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - December 6, 2017 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Aortic Replacement After TEVAR-Diameter Correction With Modified Use of the Siena Prosthesis
Conclusions Using the sewing collar of the Vascutek Siena 4-branch prosthesis for diameter correction in patients undergoing TA replacement after previous TEVAR with large stent-grafts adds a useful adjunct to the armamentarium of options in a growing patient population.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - December 2, 2017 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Restrictive Mitral Valve Annuloplasty: Prognostic Implications of Left Ventricular Forward Flow
Conclusions In patients with severe secondary MR treated with surgical repair, LV forward flow was independently associated with better survival and lower risk of the combined endpoint.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - October 18, 2017 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Hypothermia and Selective Antegrade Cerebral Perfusion Is Safe for Arch Repair in Type A Dissection
Conclusions Unilateral selective antegrade cerebral perfusion with moderate hypothermic circulatory arrest remains a safe strategy for cerebral protection during emergent surgical repair of acute type A dissection and provides equivalent outcomes for both limited and extensive aortic arch reconstruction. Based on these data, unilateral selective antegrade cerebral perfusion and moderate hypothermic circulatory arrest may represent an optimal strategy for cerebral protection in this acute setting.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - August 25, 2017 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

The Impact of Thoracic Endovascular Aortic Repair on Long-Term Survival in Type B Aortic  Dissection
Conclusions The treatment of uncomplicated aTBAD with optimal medical therapy results in a high incidence of surgical intervention and poor long-term survival. At the index hospitalization, TEVAR may confer a survival advantage and serve as optimal therapy for complicated and uncomplicated aTBAD patients.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - August 16, 2017 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Left Subclavian Arterial Coverage and Stroke During Thoracic Aortic Endografting: A Systematic Review
We report a systematic review of 63 studies comprising more than 3,000 patients. We conclude that stroke risk after TEVAR is increased by LSA coverage, and that LSA revascularization reduces stroke risk. LSA revascularization may lower the rate of posterior stroke. TEVAR for aneurysm is associated with increased stroke risk compared to TEVAR for dissection.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - November 17, 2015 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Impact of Surgical Stroke on the Early and Late Outcomes After Thoracic Aortic Operations
Conclusions Surgical stroke is associated with high hospital mortality and PNDs that decrease late survival and the physical component score of the QOL survey.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - April 10, 2015 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research