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Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Condition: Heart Failure

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Total 32 results found since Jan 2013.

HVAD Cannula Position and Hemocompatibility-related Adverse Events
ConclusionsHVAD cannula coronal angle was associated with reduced right ventricular function and HRAE. Prospective studies evaluating surgical techniques to ensure optimal device positioning and its effects on HRAEs are warranted.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - February 6, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Long-Term Single Centre Outcomes of Patients with Chronic Renal Dialysis Undergoing Cardiac Surgery
CONCLUSIONSCardiac surgery in DD-CRF patients is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Interestingly, overall mortality was mainly none cardiac-related, where elderly patients or those presented with CHF had the worst life expectancy. However, subsequent kidney transplantation positively impact long-term survival in such patients.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - September 27, 2019 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Risk factors for atrial fibrillation recurrence post Cox-maze IV performed without pre-exclusion
ConclusionsThe Cox maze IV procedure performed without pre-exclusions showed reasonable survival rates. Although AF recurred in patients with longer AFD, they fared well with significant increases in stroke volume. Concomitant atrial volume reduction may have contributed to these additional benefits.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - August 28, 2019 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Survival After Myectomy for Obstructive Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy: What Causes Late Mortality?
ConclusionsThis study, using 2 independent sources to verify vital status and cause of mortality, confirms that survival after septal myectomy is excellent. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy was identified as the primary cause of death in less than 20%, with mortality in most patients unrelated to hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - August 21, 2019 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Transcatheter and Surgical Aortic Valve Replacement in Patients with Recent Acute Heart Failure
ConclusionsRecent AHF is associated with increased risk of mortality and morbidity after SAVR and TAVR. These findings suggest that AS patients should be referred for invasive treatment before the development of clinically evident heart failure.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - July 7, 2019 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Survival Following Myectomy for Obstructive Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy-What Causes Late Mortality?
ConclusionsThis study, using two independent sources to verify vital status and cause of mortality, confirms that survival following septal myectomy is excellent. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy was identified as the primary cause of death in less than 20%, with mortality in most patients unrelated to hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - April 10, 2019 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Complete Sternal-Sparing HeartMate 3 Implantation: A Case Series of 10 Consecutive Patients
ConclusionsOur early outcomes suggest that the CSS approach may reduce the incidence of right ventricular failure, bleeding, intubation time, and intensive care unit length of stay. Further studies are needed to fully elucidate the advantages of CSS LVAD implantation compared with median sternotomy.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - March 27, 2019 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Continuous-Flow Left Ventricular Assist Device Survival Improves with Multidisciplinary Approach
ConclusionsImplementing a comprehensive multidisciplinary approach substantially improved outcomes for CF-LVAD recipients.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - March 8, 2019 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

The Society of Thoracic Surgeons Intermacs Database Annual Report: Evolving Indications, Outcomes, and Scientific Partnerships
ConclusionsWith the evolution of MCS, patient phenotype and outcomes are also changing over time. CF LVAD support is increasingly being used in the less ill patient phenotype and more patients are supported for destination therapy. Mean survival is now approaching 5 years, but adverse events, especially neurologic events, continue to have a detrimental impact on the success of CF LVAD support.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - January 26, 2019 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

A Novel Toroidal-Flow Left Ventricular Assist Device Minimizes Blood Trauma: Implications of Improved Ventricular Assist Device Hemocompatibility
ConclusionsThe TORVAD design, with markedly lower shear stress and pulsatile flow, caused significantly less blood trauma that the HeartMate II. LVADs with reduced blood trauma are likely to improve clinical outcomes and expand LVAD therapy into patients with less advanced heart failure.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - December 24, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Successful heart transplantation in a patient with Loeys-Dietz Syndrome
Publication date: Available online 1 December 2018Source: The Annals of Thoracic SurgeryAuthor(s): Aliya G. Feroe, Amy G. Fiedler, David A. D’AlessandroAbstractOur patient is a 45-year-old woman with a history of Loeys-Dietz syndrome (LDS), vertebral artery dissection, stroke, prior atrial septal defect (ASD) repair, and spontaneous left main coronary artery dissection re-vascularized with coronary artery bypass grafting who progressed to end-stage heart failure. She was listed for cardiac transplantation and a suitable organ became available. She underwent heart transplantation over one year ago successfully. This is th...
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - December 2, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Fatal Neurologic Dysfunction During Continuous-flow Left Ventricular Assist Device Support
ConclusionsOur study elucidates the characteristics and risk factors of patients who died of ND during CF-LVAD support. Further studies are required to find ways to decrease the incidence of fatal ND during CF-LVAD support.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - November 21, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Clinical Leaflet Thrombosis in Transcatheter and Surgical Bioprosthetic Aortic Valves by Four-Dimensional Computed Tomography
ConclusionsOne-third of patients with clinical or echocardiographic indications suggestive of leaflet thrombosis were found to have evidence of leaflet thrombosis using 4DCT. This allowed tailored anticoagulation therapy with resolution of the thrombus in most patients and avoiding unnecessary anticoagulation in the remaining two-thirds of patients.Visual Abstract
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - November 16, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Complete sternal-sparing HeartMate 3 implantation: a case series of ten consecutive patients
ConclusionsOur early outcomes suggest that the CSS approach may reduce the incidence of right ventricular failure, bleeding, intubation time and ICU length of stay. Further studies are needed to fully elucidate the advantages of CSS LVAD implantation compared with median sternotomy.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - November 14, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Clinical Outcomes of Mitral Valve Reoperations in the United States: An Analysis of the Society of Thoracic Surgeons National Database
ConclusionsDespite a high-risk patient profile, surgical outcomes of reoperative MVS were acceptable, particularly in elective cases with prior mitral valve surgery and without endocarditis.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - October 24, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Preoperative Venoarterial Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation Slashes Risk Score in Advanced Structural Heart Disease
ConclusionsECMO can be used as a bridge to heart valve or septal defect surgery in severely decompensated patients. Through recovery of end-organ function, ECMO may allow surgical correction of structural heart disease in patients considered inoperable or convert a salvage situation to an elective operation.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - September 18, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Determinants of Reverse Remodeling of the Left Atrium After Transaortic Myectomy
ConclusionsLeft atrial volume decreases significantly after surgical relief of left ventricular outflow tract obstruction. Early changes likely reflect lower LA pressure due to gradient relief and abolishment of mitral regurgitation, and late reduction suggests continued reverse remodeling.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - July 23, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Determinants of Reverse Remodeling of the Left Atrium Following Transaortic Myectomy
Conclusions Left atrial volume decreases significantly following surgical relief of left ventricular outflow tract obstruction. Early changes likely reflect lower LA pressure due to gradient relief and abolishment of mitral regurgitation, and late reduction suggests continued reverse remodeling.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - April 20, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Restrictive Mitral Valve Annuloplasty: Prognostic Implications of Left Ventricular Forward Flow
Conclusions In patients with severe secondary MR treated with surgical repair, LV forward flow was independently associated with better survival and lower risk of the combined endpoint.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - October 18, 2017 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Long-Term Risk of Ischemic Stroke After the Cox-Maze III Procedure for Atrial Fibrillation
Conclusions This multicenter study showed a low incidence of perioperative and long-term postoperative ischemic stroke/TIA after CM-III. Although general risk of ischemic stroke/TIA was reduced, patients with CHA2DS2-VASc score 2 or greater had a higher risk compared with score 0 or 1. Complete left atrial appendage excision may be an important reason for the low ischemic stroke rate.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - July 20, 2017 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

CHADS2 Score Predicts Postoperative Atrial Fibrillation in Patients Undergoing Elective Pulmonary Lobectomy
Conclusions Although multiple risk factors for PAF have been described, no easily applicable clinical model exists. Observed rate of PAF was significantly lower then the previously described 12% when CHADS2 was 0. CHADS2 can predict PAF in patients undergoing elective lobectomy and can identify patients to selectively institute prophylactic measures in patients at the greatest risk, such as patients with score of 2 or greater. Further validation of this model is warranted in a larger group.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - April 18, 2017 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Predictors of Atrial Fibrillation After Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting: A  Bayesian Analysis
Conclusions This prospective Bayesian analysis identified five independent preoperative predictors of POAF after isolated CABG with cardiopulmonary bypass: CHA2DS2-VASc score, severe obesity, preoperative β-blocker use, preoperative antiplatelet therapy, and renal failure. The main interest in the CHA2DS2-VASc score as a predictor of POAF is that it is a simple and widely used bedside tool. Patients with these independent predictors of POAF may constitute a target population to test preventive strategies, such as non-antiarrhythmic and antiarrhythmic drugs.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - December 18, 2016 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Outcomes on Continuous Flow Left Ventricular Assist Devices: A Single Institutional 9-Year Experience
Conclusions These data indicate excellent survival for BTT and DT patients on long-term LVAD support. However, for LVAD therapy to become a plausible alternative to heart transplantation, we need to further decrease the incidence of postoperative complications.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - May 9, 2016 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Transapical and Transaortic Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement in the United States
Conclusions Patients undergoing TAo TAVR are older, more likely female, and have significantly higher STS predicted risk of mortality scores than patients operated on by TA access. There were no risk-adjusted differences between TA and TAo access in mortality, stroke, or readmission rates as long as 1 year after TAVR.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - July 30, 2015 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

The Subclavian Intraaortic Balloon Pump: A Compelling Bridge Device for Advanced Heart Failure
Conclusions The SC-IABP provided excellent hemodynamic support with minimal morbidity and mortality, allowed for extensive rehabilitation, and permitted more than 90% of patients to receive their intended therapy. Therefore, SC-IABP is a compelling bridge device for patients with advanced congestive heart failure.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - July 28, 2015 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Impact of Ultrafiltration on Kidney Injury After Cardiac Surgery: The Michigan Experience
Conclusions Patients exposed to CUF had a higher adjusted risk of AKI. Clinical teams should consider lower volumes of CUF among patients with low creatinine clearance to minimize the risk of AKI.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - July 22, 2015 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Hemiarch and Total Arch Surgery in Patients With Previous Repair of Acute Type I Aortic Dissection
Conclusions In patients with previous acute type I aortic dissection repair, hemiarch and total arch operations have respectable morbidity and survival rates. Congestive heart failure predicts operative death, long-term mortality, and our adverse event endpoint. Cardiopulmonary bypass time predicts operative mortality, and female sex and circulatory arrest time predict long-term mortality.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - June 23, 2015 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Stroke After Left Ventricular Assist Device Implantation: Outcomes in the Continuous-Flow Era
Conclusions Stroke while on CF-LVAD support was associated with significant mortality. To reduce the risk of stroke, it is essential to further elucidate risk factors, to optimize anticoagulation, and to further understand the impact of LVAD-related infections.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - June 10, 2015 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Postoperative Atrial Fibrillation After Thoracic Aortic Surgery
Conclusions Several risk factors contribute to the incidence of POAF after thoracic aortic surgery. We found that POAF significantly increased 30-day operative mortality (p < 0.0001). Our findings can be used to develop a risk stratification system for the prediction of POAF.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - December 30, 2014 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Coronary Artery Surgery Versus Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Octogenarians: Long-Term Results
Conclusions In this real-world setting, surgical coronary revascularization remains the standard of care for patients with left main or multivessel disease. The long-term outcomes of current percutaneous coronary intervention technology in octogenarians are yet to be determined with adequately powered prospective randomized studies.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - December 11, 2014 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Surgical Ventricular Restoration: Is There Any Difference in Outcome Between Anterior and Posterior Remodeling?
Conclusions Patients presenting with posterior remodeling showed worse clinical signs of angina and congestive heart failure (CHF) and a higher proportion of moderate to severe MR; however in the present experience early and long-term outcomes after SVR seemed to be unaffected by remodeling location.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - December 11, 2014 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

A More Specific Anticoagulation Regimen Is Required for Patients After the Cox-Maze Procedure
Conclusions Our results indicate that the decision to discontinue OAC after the Cox-Maze procedure should not be based solely on CHADS2 scores; rather, rhythm status, echocardiographic findings, and patient risk for bleeding should be considered. These findings underscore the need for an OAC protocol for patients who have undergone the Cox-Maze procedure with appropriate LAA management.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - October 12, 2014 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research