Query: stroke

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Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery

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Total 327 results found since Jan 2013.

Impact of Perioperative Stroke on Midterm Outcomes After Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement
Publication date: October 2020Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery, Volume 110, Issue 4Author(s): Andreas Habertheuer, Thomas G. Gleason, Arman Kilic, John Schindler, Dustin Kliner, Valentino Bianco, Catalin Toma, Edgar Aranda-Michel, Alexa Kacin, Ibrahim Sultan
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - September 16, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Right Heart Calcifying Fibrous Pseudotumor Presenting with Embolic Stroke
Publication date: Available online 6 August 2020Source: The Annals of Thoracic SurgeryAuthor(s): Ayelet Shapira-Daniels, Gal Aviel, Stephanie Benshushan, Oz M. Shapira
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - August 13, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Surgical Pulmonary Embolectomy with No Systemic Anticoagulation for Patient with Recent Stroke
Publication date: Available online 28 May 2020Source: The Annals of Thoracic SurgeryAuthor(s): Brian Ayers, Katherine Wood, Scott Cameron, Mark Marinescu, Milica Bjelic, Bryan Barrus, Igor Gosev
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - May 29, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

A review of the complex landscape of stroke in left ventricular assist device trials
Publication date: Available online 11 April 2020Source: The Annals of Thoracic SurgeryAuthor(s): Xingchen Mai, Alex Reyentovich, Lucy Norcliffe-Kaufmann, Nader Moazami, Jennifer A. Frontera
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - April 13, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Predictors and Outcomes of Ischemic Stroke After Cardiac Surgery
Publication date: Available online 19 March 2020Source: The Annals of Thoracic SurgeryAuthor(s): Ibrahim Sultan, Valentino Bianco, Arman Kilic, Tudor Jovin, Ashutosh Jadhav, Brian Jankowitz, Edgar Aranda-Michel, Michael P. D’angelo, Forozan Navid, Yisi Wang, Floyd Thoma, Thomas G. Gleason
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - March 22, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Impact of Perioperative Stroke on Mid Term Outcomes after Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement
Publication date: Available online 6 March 2020Source: The Annals of Thoracic SurgeryAuthor(s): Andreas Habertheuer, Thomas G. Gleason, Arman Kilic, John Schindler, Dustin Kliner, Valentino Bianco, Catalin Toma, Edgar Aranda-Michel, Alexa Kacin, Ibrahim Sultan
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - March 7, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Stroke on Left Ventricular Assist Device: Moving From the Preoperative Patient Stratification to the Postoperative Prevention
Publication date: March 2020Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery, Volume 109, Issue 3Author(s): Angelo M. Dell’Aquila, Henryk Welp
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - February 28, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

HVAD Cannula Position and Hemocompatibility-related Adverse Events
ConclusionsHVAD cannula coronal angle was associated with reduced right ventricular function and HRAE. Prospective studies evaluating surgical techniques to ensure optimal device positioning and its effects on HRAEs are warranted.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - February 6, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Five Year Outcomes from the US Pivotal Trial of Valiant Captivia Stent Graft for Blunt Aortic Injury
ConclusionsThis multicenter clinical trial describes excellent 5-year outcomes and durable exclusion of blunt thoracic aortic injury using a novel stent graft system. TEVAR with this endograft appears to be a safe and effective treatment option for patients with BTAI.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - January 26, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Valve-Sparing Root Replacement vs Composite Valve Grafting in Aortic Root Dilation: A Meta-Analysis
ConclusionsAortic valve sparing appears to be safe, and associated with reduced late mortality, thromboembolism/stroke and bleeding compared with composite valve grafting. Late durability is equivalent. Aortic valve sparing should be considered in patients with favorable aortic valve morphology.Graphical abstract
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - January 23, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Dissection of Arch Branches Alone: An Indication for Aggressive Arch Management in Type A Dissection?
ConclusionsIn acute type A aortic dissection, dissection of arch branches alone should not be an indication for routine zone 1/2/3 arch replacement; however zone 1/2/3 arch replacement could be considered to prevent future reoperations in select patients.Visual Abstract
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - January 21, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Impact of Cerebral Perfusion on Outcomes of Aortic Surgery: The Society of Thoracic Surgeons Adult Cardiac Surgery Database Analysis
ConclusionsFor patients without aortic dissection and who require more than 30 minutes of circulatory arrest, optimal cerebral protection strategies are deep hypothermia with either antegrade or retrograde cerebral perfusion and moderate hypothermia with antegrade cerebral perfusion.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - January 21, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Long-term Outcomes of Mosaic Versus Perimount Mitral Replacements: 17-year Follow-up of 940 Implants
ConclusionsIn long-term follow-up, of patients younger than 65 years of age undergoing mitral valve replacement, bovine pericardial valves experienced earlier and more frequent structural valve deterioration than porcine valves.Graphical abstract
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - December 20, 2019 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Mitigating the Risk: Transfusion or Reoperation for Bleeding After Cardiac Surgery
ConclusionsWhile reoperation for bleeding is associated with morbidity after cardiac surgery, substantial transfusion without reoperation appears to increase morbidity compared to a limited-transfusion reoperative approach. Better timing for reoperation and guided transfusion approaches may mitigate morbidity compared to substantial transfusion alone.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - December 20, 2019 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Degenerative Mitral Valve Repair Simplified: An Evolution to Universal Artificial Cordal Repair
ConclusionsArtificial cordal repair for all patients with degenerative MR simplifies MV repair and yields equivalent, excellent outcomes compared to a tailored resectional approach.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - December 19, 2019 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Fatal stroke after reoperation for lobar torsion
We report a case of an upper lobe torsion occurring at postoperative day one after a full thoracoscopic combined middle lobectomy and S6 segmentectomy. Lung detorsion resulted in a fatal cerebral infarction.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - December 19, 2019 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Does the aortic annulus dilate following aortic root remodelling?
ConclusionsThere was no significant aortic annular dilatation in selected patients undergoing remodelling VSRR. Our data does not support routine use of annuloplasty in patients with annular diameter ≤25mm.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - December 16, 2019 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Novel Formula to Calculate Three-Dimensional Angle Between Inflow Cannula and Device Body of HeartMate II LVAD
ConclusionsWe established a novel formula to mathematically calculate actual 3D angles between inflow cannula and device body of HeartMate II. The formula would help investigators to validate their findings of the relationship between 2D projected angle (from CXR) and device thrombosis.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - December 14, 2019 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Comparative Outcomes of Transcarotid and Transsubclavian Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement
ConclusionsThe transcarotid and the transsubclavian approaches have similar safety and efficacy outcomes. The transcarotid approach had a shorter procedure duration and a trend toward lower fluoroscopy duration and radiation exposure.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - December 14, 2019 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Impact of Complications After Cardiac Operation on One-Year Patient-Reported Outcomes
ConclusionsAlthough cardiac surgical patients have PROs scores similar to the general population, complications after cardiac operation continue to negatively influence patient quality of life 1 year after surgery. Use of NIH-PROMIS shows that prolonged ventilation and renal failure have the largest impact on 1-year patient-reported outcomes.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - December 14, 2019 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Long-term Outcomes of Stand-Alone Maze IV for Persistent or Long-standing Persistent Atrial Fibrillation
ConclusionsThis study confirmed the safety and efficacy in the long term (7 years) of the stand-alone Cox-Maze IV surgical procedure for persistent or long-standing persistent AF. Indeed, more than 70% of the patients were in sinus rhythm off class I or III AADs and off oral anticoagulation.Visual Abstract
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - December 14, 2019 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Cardiac Transplantation Using Hearts with Transient Dysfunction: Role of Takotsubo Like Phenotype Running Head: Takotsubo Like Syndrome in Donor Hearts
ConclusionsIn the largest analysis of transplanted donor hearts with transient LVSD, 1 in 4 had RWMAs on the initial TTE; but this was not associated with adverse post-transplant outcomes. Donor hearts with initial LVSD should be pursued irrespective of TTS-like hypokinesis or other RWMAs.Graphical abstract
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - December 7, 2019 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Thrombocytopenia After Cardiopulmonary Bypass is Associated with Increased Morbidity and Mortality
ConclusionsPost-operative thrombocytopenia is independently associated with post-operative mortality, AKI, infection, stroke, and prolonged ICU and hospital LOS. Serial platelet monitoring may help identify patients at higher risk of post-operative complications. Further studies investigating strategies to reduce post-operative thrombocytopenia, including reducing CPB time, are needed.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - December 7, 2019 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Outcomes of Repair of Kommerell Diverticulum
ConclusionsOpen and endovascular approaches have a high success rate and low mortality risk. Selection of the specific type of intervention should be based on patient anatomy, additional needed procedures, and comorbid conditions.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - November 22, 2019 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Long-term Outcomes of Mechanical Vs Biologic Aortic Valve Prosthesis in Patients Older Than 70 Years
ConclusionsMechanical aortic valve prosthesis is associated with worse long-term survival and increased bleeding after SAVR in patients more than 70 years old. The study results suggest caution when considering mechanical aortic valve prostheses in elderly patients.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - October 24, 2019 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

TAVR After Prior Mitral Valve Surgery: Results from the Transcatheter Valve Therapy Registry
ConclusionsPatients with prior SMVR undergoing TAVR had similar 30-day outcomes, slightly higher 1-year mortality, and no increase in early PVL compared to those without previous SMVR. Prior SMVR should not preclude TAVR in appropriately selected patients.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - October 24, 2019 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Total endovascular repair of the aortic arch: initial experience in the Netherlands
ConclusionsTotal endovascular aortic arch repair using the Relay Branch device is technically feasible and effective in excluding aortic arch pathology. The observed stroke rate in the initial experience, however, was considerable. Although appealing, this new lesser-invasive technique should be carefully introduced, and its progress thoroughly evaluated.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - October 5, 2019 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Long-Term Single Centre Outcomes of Patients with Chronic Renal Dialysis Undergoing Cardiac Surgery
CONCLUSIONSCardiac surgery in DD-CRF patients is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Interestingly, overall mortality was mainly none cardiac-related, where elderly patients or those presented with CHF had the worst life expectancy. However, subsequent kidney transplantation positively impact long-term survival in such patients.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - September 27, 2019 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Impact of Cerebral Perfusion on Outcomes of Aortic Surgery: STS Adult Cardiac Database Analysis
ConclusionsFor patients without dissection and requiring>30 minutes circulatory arrest, optimal cerebral protection strategies are deep hypothermia with either antegrade or retrograde cerebral perfusion; or moderate hypothermia with antegrade cerebral perfusion.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - September 26, 2019 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Hemolysis and Nonhemorrhagic Stroke During Venoarterial Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation
ConclusionsHemolysis at low levels during VA ECMO support is associated with subsequent nonhemorrhagic stroke.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - August 21, 2019 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Epiaortic Ultrasound to Prevent Stroke in Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting
ConclusionsAvoiding aortic manipulation is associated with the lowest risk of stroke in patients undergoing CABG. When manipulation of the ascending aorta is planned, EAU is effective in guiding the surgical strategy to reduce the risk for embolic stroke in these patients.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - August 15, 2019 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Hemolysis and Non-Hemorrhagic Stroke during Venoarterial Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation
ConclusionsHemolysis at low levels during VA ECMO support is associated with subsequent non-hemorrhagic stroke.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - April 11, 2019 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Development and Application of a Risk Prediction Model for In-Hospital Stroke After Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement – A Report from the Society of Thoracic Surgeons/American College of Cardiology Transcatheter Valve Therapy Registry
ConclusionsA risk model for in-hospital stroke following TAVR was developed from the STS/ACC TVT Registry and used to estimate site-specific stroke performance. This model can serve as a valuable resource for quality improvement, clinical decision-making, and patient counseling.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - December 8, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Long-Term Outcomes for Patients With Stroke After Coronary and Valve Surgery
ConclusionsPostoperative stroke often leads to high mortality and poor long-term outcomes. Patients who experienced a severe stroke and underwent neurosurgical procedures also exhibited poor outcomes. Patients and their families should be informed of relatively high mortality and poor long-term outcomes before neurosurgical operation.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - July 10, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Early Operation in Patients With Mitral Valve Infective Endocarditis and Acute Stroke Is Safe
Conclusions MV surgery for IE and acute stroke can be performed early with a low risk of postoperative neurologic complications. When indicated, surgical intervention for MV IE complicated by acute stroke should not be delayed.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - November 11, 2017 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

In DeBakey Type I Aortic Dissection, Bovine Aortic Arch Is Associated With Arch Tears and Stroke
Conclusions BAA is an independent predictor for the distinctive location of the entry site in the aortic arch and risk factor for stroke.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - August 17, 2017 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Long-Term Risk of Ischemic Stroke After the Cox-Maze III Procedure for Atrial Fibrillation
Conclusions This multicenter study showed a low incidence of perioperative and long-term postoperative ischemic stroke/TIA after CM-III. Although general risk of ischemic stroke/TIA was reduced, patients with CHA2DS2-VASc score 2 or greater had a higher risk compared with score 0 or 1. Complete left atrial appendage excision may be an important reason for the low ischemic stroke rate.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - July 20, 2017 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Stroke Volume Ratio Predicts Redilatation of the Right Ventricle After Pulmonary Valve Replacement
Conclusions The preoperative stroke volume ratio can predict redilatation of the right ventricle after pulmonary valve replacement and the degree of right ventricular myocardial fibrosis.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - March 25, 2017 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Trends, Predictors, and Outcomes of Stroke After Surgical Aortic Valve Replacement in the United States
Conclusions The incidence of stroke after AVR has decreased but remains a significant cause of morbidity in medium- and high-risk patients. Superior outcomes can be achieved in medium- to high-risk patients at high-volume centers.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - November 27, 2015 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Left Subclavian Arterial Coverage and Stroke During Thoracic Aortic Endografting: A Systematic Review
We report a systematic review of 63 studies comprising more than 3,000 patients. We conclude that stroke risk after TEVAR is increased by LSA coverage, and that LSA revascularization reduces stroke risk. LSA revascularization may lower the rate of posterior stroke. TEVAR for aneurysm is associated with increased stroke risk compared to TEVAR for dissection.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - November 17, 2015 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Epidemiology of Stroke in Pediatric Cardiac Surgical Patients Supported With Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation
Conclusions This multicenter analysis demonstrates that pediatric cardiac surgical patients on ECMO are at high risk of stroke; younger or underweight patients and those with longer ECMO duration are at greatest risk, independent of procedural complexity. Future study is necessary to determine how anticoagulation or other clinical practices can be modified to reduce stroke incidence.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - August 21, 2015 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Institutional Variation in Mortality After Stroke After Cardiac Surgery: An Opportunity for Improvement
Conclusions Institutional variation, more so than individual patient risk factors, is highly associated with postoperative stroke and FTR rates after stroke after cardiac surgery. Postoperative stroke remains significantly associated with mortality and morbidity. Institutional practice patterns may confer a disproportionate influence on postoperative stroke independent of case mix. Understanding differences between high and low performing centers is essential to improving outcomes, costs, and hospital quality.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - July 17, 2015 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Endoaortic Clamping Does Not Increase the Risk of Stroke in Minimal Access Mitral Valve Surgery: A Multicenter Experience
Conclusions Once procedural proficiency is acquired, endoaortic balloon clamping in MIMVS is a safe and effective technique. Despite the fact that this patient cohort also includes combined and redo procedures, the observed mortality and stroke rate compared favorably with the existing literature on primary isolated mitral valve surgery irrespective of the approach.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - July 7, 2015 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Stroke After Left Ventricular Assist Device Implantation: Outcomes in the Continuous-Flow Era
Conclusions Stroke while on CF-LVAD support was associated with significant mortality. To reduce the risk of stroke, it is essential to further elucidate risk factors, to optimize anticoagulation, and to further understand the impact of LVAD-related infections.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - June 10, 2015 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Anemia Is a Risk Factor of New Intraoperative Hemorrhagic Stroke During Valve Surgery for Endocarditis
Conclusions Intraoperative hemorrhagic stroke was not rare, and ectopic hemorrhagic stroke, associated with preoperative anemia, was more prevalent than hemorrhagic transformation of existing cerebral lesions.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - May 14, 2015 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Impact of Surgical Stroke on the Early and Late Outcomes After Thoracic Aortic Operations
Conclusions Surgical stroke is associated with high hospital mortality and PNDs that decrease late survival and the physical component score of the QOL survey.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - April 10, 2015 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Off-Pump Coronary Artery Bypass Reduces Early Stroke in Octogenarians: A Meta-Analysis of 18,000 Patients
Conclusions Coronary artery bypass in octogenarians can be performed safely with low early mortality. Although off-pump operations reduce the risk of early stroke, all other adverse events are comparable in on- and off-pump coronary artery bypass operations. Data regarding late mortality is at present limited; however, both on- and off-pump procedures appear to produce comparable survival.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - March 17, 2015 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Postoperative Blood Urea Nitrogen Is Associated With Stroke in Cardiac Surgical Patients
Conclusions In these analyses, we identified BUN as a marker of heightened postoperative stroke risk after cardiac surgical procedures. Postoperative risk markers may improve assessment of delayed postoperative strokes.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - February 19, 2015 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research