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Source: European Heart Journal

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Total 237 results found since Jan 2013.

Frontiers in heart failure: sodium, longitudinal strain, contractility sensor, fatal arrhythmias, and stroke
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Source: European Heart Journal - March 9, 2017 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Radial versus femoral access in patients with acute coronary syndromes with or without ST-segment elevation
Conclusion</div>Radial as compared with femoral access provided consistent benefit across the whole spectrum of patients with ACS, without evidence that type of presenting syndrome affected the results of the random access allocation.</span>
Source: European Heart Journal - February 28, 2017 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

The European Society of Cardiology Stroke Council
<span class="paragraphSection"><strong>A new ‘ESC baby’ is growing up quickly, reports Petr Widimsky</strong> </span>
Source: European Heart Journal - February 28, 2017 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Personalising the decision for prolonged dual antiplatelet therapy: development, validation and potential impact of prognostic models for cardiovascular events and bleeding in myocardial infarction survivors
Conclusion</div>Prognostic models for cardiovascular events and bleeding using population-based EHRs may help to personalise decisions for prolonged DAPT 1-year following acute MI.</span>
Source: European Heart Journal - February 27, 2017 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Subclinical thyroid dysfunction and cardiovascular diseases: 2016 update
AbstractSubclinical thyroid dysfunction comprises subclinical hypothyroidism (SHypo), defined as elevated thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) by normal free thyroxine (FT4), and subclinical hyperthyroidism (SHyper) with decreased or undetectable TSH and normal FT4. Up to 10% of the elderly have SHypo, which is usually asymptomatic. Individual participant data (IPD) analyses of prospective cohort studies from the international Thyroid Studies Collaboration show that SHypo is associated with increased coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality [hazard ratio (HR) 1,58 for TSH ≥ 10 mIU/L, 95% CI 1.10–2.27), as well as increased ...
Source: European Heart Journal - February 27, 2017 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Effects of noise on vascular function, oxidative stress, and inflammation: mechanistic insight from studies in mice
ConclusionWe established a novel and unique aircraft noise stress model with increased blood pressure and vascular dysfunction associated with oxidative stress. This animal model enables future studies of molecular mechanisms, mitigation strategies, and pharmacological interventions to protect from noise-induced vascular damage.
Source: European Heart Journal - February 17, 2017 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Stroke prevention in Atrial Fibrillation
<span class="paragraphSection"><strong>Prof. Gregory Lip discusses how to keep the decision-making process for choosing an oral anticoagulant simple and practical</strong> </span>
Source: European Heart Journal - January 21, 2017 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Increased use of oral anticoagulants in patients with atrial fibrillation: temporal trends from 2005 to 2015 in Denmark
Conclusion</div>Since 2010, more incident AF patients in Denmark were initiated on OAC therapy with predominant NOAC prescription. The increase was pronounced among females, among patients at high risk of stroke, and among older patients.</span>
Source: European Heart Journal - January 20, 2017 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

The benefit of adding ezetimibe to statin therapy in patients with prior coronary artery bypass graft surgery and acute coronary syndrome in the IMPROVE-IT trial
Conclusion The clinical benefit of adding ezetimibe to statin appears to be enhanced in patients with prior CABG, supporting the use of intensive lipid lowering therapy in these high-risk patients following ACS.
Source: European Heart Journal - January 13, 2017 Category: Cardiology Authors: Eisen, A., Cannon, C. P., Blazing, M. A., Bohula, E. A., Park, J.-G., Murphy, S. A., White, J. A., Giugliano, R. P., Braunwald, E., on behalf of the IMPROVE-IT (IMProved Reduction of Outcomes: Vytorin Efficacy International Trial) Investigators Tags: Acute coronary syndromes Source Type: research

Gut microbiota-dependent trimethylamine N-oxide in acute coronary syndromes: a prognostic marker for incident cardiovascular events beyond traditional risk factors
Conclusion</div>Plasma TMAO levels among patients presenting with chest pain predict both near- and long-term risks of incident cardiovascular events, and may thus provide clinical utility in risk stratification among subjects presenting with suspected ACS.</span>
Source: European Heart Journal - January 11, 2017 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Revisiting sex differences in outcomes in non-valvular atrial fibrillation: a population-based cohort study
ConclusionIn NVAF, women were not at higher risk of thromboembolic events than men in our study. The small increased risk reported in previous studies may be related to residual confounding, in particular from insufficient control for age.
Source: European Heart Journal - January 10, 2017 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Ticagrelor, but not clopidogrel active metabolite, displays antithrombotic properties in the left atrial endocardium
Conclusion</div>Ticagrelor, but not CAM, reduces expression and activity of TF and PAI-1 in LAA endocardial cells isolated from patients with AF, indicating possible local antithrombotic effects. Such pleiotropic properties of ticagrelor may contribute to a reduction in thromboembolic complications in patients with AF.</span>
Source: European Heart Journal - January 8, 2017 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

A novel risk prediction score in atrial fibrillation for a net clinical outcome from the ENGAGE AF-TIMI 48 randomized clinical trial
Conclusion</div>In VKA naive patients with AF, the TIMI-AF score can assist in the prediction of a poor composite outcome and guide selection of anticoagulant therapy by identifying a differential clinical benefit with a NOAC or VKA.</span>
Source: European Heart Journal - January 7, 2017 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Comparative efficacy of coronary artery bypass surgery vs. percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with diabetes and multivessel coronary artery disease with or without chronic kidney disease
Conclusions Compared to PCI, the effects of CABG on long-term risks for MACCE observed in the FREEDOM trial are preserved among patients with mild to moderate CKD.
Source: European Heart Journal - December 30, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Baber, U., Farkouh, M. E., Arbel, Y., Muntner, P., Dangas, G., Mack, M. J., Hamza, T. H., Mehran, R., Fuster, V. Tags: Clinical trial update Source Type: research

Outcomes and costs of left atrial appendage closure from randomized controlled trial and real-world experience relative to oral anticoagulation
Conclusion Left atrial appendage closure in NVAF in a real-world setting may result in lower stroke and major bleeding rates than reported in LAAC clinical trials. Left atrial appendage closure in both settings achieves cost parity in a relatively short period of time and may offer substantial savings compared with current therapies. Savings are most pronounced among higher risk patients and those unsuitable for anticoagulation.
Source: European Heart Journal - December 30, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Panikker, S., Lord, J., Jarman, J. W. E., Armstrong, S., Jones, D. G., Haldar, S., Butcher, C., Khan, H., Mantziari, L., Nicol, E., Hussain, W., Clague, J. R., Foran, J. P., Markides, V., Wong, T. Tags: Thrombosis and antithrombotic therapy Source Type: research

Outcomes in patients treated with ticagrelor or clopidogrel after acute myocardial infarction: experiences from SWEDEHEART registry
Conclusion Ticagrelor vs. clopidogrel post-ACS was associated with a lower risk of death, MI, or stroke, as well as death alone. Risk of bleeding was higher with ticagrelor. These real-world outcomes are consistent with randomized trial results.
Source: European Heart Journal - December 22, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Sahlen, A., Varenhorst, C., Lagerqvist, B., Renlund, H., Omerovic, E., Erlinge, D., Wallentin, L., James, S. K., Jernberg, T. Tags: Acute coronary syndromes Source Type: research

Abnormal right ventricular-pulmonary artery coupling with exercise in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction
Conclusions In addition to limited LV reserve, patients with HFpEF display impaired RV reserve during exercise that is associated with high filling pressures and inadequate CO responses. These findings highlight the importance of biventricular dysfunction in HFpEF and suggest that novel therapies targeting myocardial reserve in both the left and right heart may be effective to improve clinical status.
Source: European Heart Journal - December 9, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Borlaug, B. A., Kane, G. C., Melenovsky, V., Olson, T. P. Tags: Heart failure/cardiomyopathy Source Type: research

Sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibition for the reduction of cardiovascular events in high-risk patients with diabetes mellitus
Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) exhibit an increased risk for cardiovascular (CV) events. Hyperglycaemia itself contributes to the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and heart failure (HF) in these patients, but glucose-lowering strategies studied to date have had little to no impact on reducing CV risk, especially in patients with a long duration of T2D and prevalent CV disease (CVD). Sodium glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitors are a novel class of anti-hyperglycaemic medications that increase urinary glucose excretion, thus improving glycaemic control independent of insulin. The recently published CV outc...
Source: European Heart Journal - November 17, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Marx, N., McGuire, D. K. Tags: Clinical update Source Type: research

The search for the ideal atrial fibrillation stroke risk prediction schema: is ATRIA a contender?
Source: European Heart Journal - November 17, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Cairns, J. A. Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Sonolysis in Prevention of Brain Infarction During Carotid Endarterectomy and Stenting (SONOBUSTER): a randomized, controlled trial
Conclusion This study provides Class II evidence that sonolysis during CEA or CAS reduces the risk of new brain ischaemic lesions. Clinical Trial Registration http://www.clinicaltrials.gov (NCT01591005).
Source: European Heart Journal - October 28, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Skoloudik, D., Kuliha, M., Hrbac, T., Jonszta, T., Herzig, R., for the SONOBUSTER Trial Group, Roubec, Hurtikova, Bar, Goldirova, Otahal, Prochazka, Czerny, Krajca, Havelka, Sanak, Kral, Netuka, Kesnerova, Langova Tags: Vascular medicine Source Type: research

Brockenbrough-Braunwald-Morrow sign
<span class="paragraphSection">A 56-year-old man presented with mild exertional dyspnea for one year. Cardiac auscultation noted a grade 3 ejection murmur at lower left sternal border which became louder and shorter (early systolic) after a premature contraction (<span style="font-style:italic;">Panel A</span>, arrow). 2D echocardiogram revealed a marked asymmetric septal hypertrophy (<span style="font-style:italic;">Panel B</span>), and a systolic anterior motion (SAM) of mitral valve and midsystolic closure (MSC) of aortic valve were detected in the postextrasystolic beat (<span style="fo...
Source: European Heart Journal - October 24, 2016 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Racing against time in acute ischaemic stroke treatment
Source: European Heart Journal - October 18, 2016 Category: Cardiology Tags: CardioPulse Source Type: research

A frameshift deletion in the sarcomere gene MYL4 causes early-onset familial atrial fibrillation
Conclusions</div>Through a population approach we found a loss of function mutation in the myosin gene <span style="font-style:italic;">MYL4</span> that, in the homozygous state, is completely penetrant for early-onset AF. The finding may provide novel mechanistic insight into the pathophysiology of this complex arrhythmia.</span>
Source: European Heart Journal - October 14, 2016 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Randomized trial of switching from prescribed non-selective non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs to prescribed celecoxib: the Standard care vs. Celecoxib Outcome Trial (SCOT)
This study excluded an increased risk of the primary endpoint of more than two events per 1000 patient-years associated with switching to prescribed celecoxib.Clinical Trial Registrationhttps://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00447759; Unique identifier: NCT00447759.
Source: European Heart Journal - October 4, 2016 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Specific risk of atrial fibrillation and stroke in oncology patients
Source: European Heart Journal - September 30, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Zamorano, J. L. Tags: CardioPulse Source Type: research

Aortic valve replacement with mechanical vs. biological prostheses in patients aged 50-69 years
Conclusion Patients aged 50–69 years who received mechanical valves had better long-term survival after AVR than those with bioprostheses. The risk of stroke was similar; however, patients with bioprostheses had a higher risk of aortic valve reoperation and a lower risk of major bleeding. Clinical Trial Registration http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT02276950. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier NCT02276950.
Source: European Heart Journal - September 21, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Glaser, N., Jackson, V., Holzmann, M. J., Franco-Cereceda, A., Sartipy, U. Tags: Cardiovascular surgery Source Type: research

Left atrial appendage occlusion: rationale, evidence, devices, and patient selection
<span class="paragraphSection">Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a worldwide epidemic associated with significant morbidity and mortality, often due to disabling or fatal thromboembolic stroke. Oral anticoagulation is highly effective at preventing ischaemic stroke and improving all-cause survival in patients with non-valvular AF. Despite the efficacy of oral anticoagulation, many patients are not treated due to either absolute or perceived contraindications to therapy, including bleeding. Left atrial appendage (LAA) closure has emerged as a mechanical alternative to pharmacologic stroke prevention. Initial and mid-term cl...
Source: European Heart Journal - September 14, 2016 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Effective anti-thrombotic therapy without stenting: intravascular optical coherence tomography-based management in plaque erosion (the EROSION study)
Conclusion</div>For patients with ACS caused by plaque erosion, conservative treatment with anti-thrombotic therapy without stenting may be an option.</span>
Source: European Heart Journal - August 30, 2016 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Comparative efficacy of coronary artery bypass surgery vs. percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with diabetes and multivessel coronary artery disease with or without chronic kidney disease
Conclusions</div>Compared to PCI, the effects of CABG on long-term risks for MACCE observed in the FREEDOM trial are preserved among patients with mild to moderate CKD.</span>
Source: European Heart Journal - August 29, 2016 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Atrial fibrillation and stroke: risk factors, anticoagulation, and left atrial appendage occluders
Source: European Heart Journal - August 24, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Lüscher, T. F. Tags: ISSUE @ A GLANCE Source Type: research

Antithrombotic therapy in heart failure patients with and without atrial fibrillation: update and future challenges
Atrial fibrillation (AF) and heart failure (HF) often coexist, and patients with AF and HF have a higher risk of thromboembolic events and overall mortality compared with those with AF without HF. Additionally, the prevalence of AF increases with the severity of HF. The use of vitamin K antagonists is more unstable in patients with concomitant AF and HF, which is an independent risk factor for reduced time under therapeutic range. More recently, non-vitamin K antagonists oral anticoagulants (NOACs) have emerged as therapeutic alternatives for stroke prevention in patients with non-valvular AF, as they have been shown to be...
Source: European Heart Journal - August 24, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Ferreira, J. P., Girerd, N., Alshalash, S., Konstam, M. A., Zannad, F. Tags: Clinical update Source Type: research

Implant success and safety of left atrial appendage closure with the WATCHMAN device: peri-procedural outcomes from the EWOLUTION registry
Conclusion Left atrial appendage closure with the WATCHMAN device has a high success rate in complete LAAC with low peri-procedural risk, even in a population with a higher risk of stroke and bleeding, and multiple co-morbidities. Improvement in implantation techniques has led to a reduction of peri-procedural complications previously limiting the net clinical benefit of the procedure.
Source: European Heart Journal - August 24, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Boersma, L. V. A., Schmidt, B., Betts, T. R., Sievert, H., Tamburino, C., Teiger, E., Pokushalov, E., Kische, S., Schmitz, T., Stein, K. M., Bergmann, M. W., on behalf of the EWOLUTION investigators, Nooryani, Meincke, Mobius-Winkler, Senatore, Foley, Sch Tags: Atrial fibrillation Source Type: research

Does catheter ablation reduce mortality and stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation? Patient selection or causality?
Source: European Heart Journal - August 24, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Nielsen, J. C., Gerdes, J. C. Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Persistent stem cell-driven inflammation in patients with prior MI and stroke
<span class="paragraphSection"><strong><a href="article.aspx?volume=&page="><strong>This editorial refers to ‘Increased haematopoietic activity in patients with atherosclerosis’†<sup>†</sup>, by F.M. van der Valk <span style="font-style:italic;">et al</span>., on page 425.</strong><span></span></a></strong></span>
Source: European Heart Journal - July 28, 2016 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Early clinical and echocardiographic outcomes after SAPIEN 3 transcatheter aortic valve replacement in inoperable, high-risk and intermediate-risk patients with aortic stenosis
Conclusions The SAPIEN 3 THV system was associated with low rates of 30-day mortality and major/disabling stroke as well as low rates of moderate or severe paravalvular regurgitation. Trial Registration ClinicalTrials.gov #NCT01314313.
Source: European Heart Journal - July 21, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Kodali, S., Thourani, V. H., White, J., Malaisrie, S. C., Lim, S., Greason, K. L., Williams, M., Guerrero, M., Eisenhauer, A. C., Kapadia, S., Kereiakes, D. J., Herrmann, H. C., Babaliaros, V., Szeto, W. Y., Hahn, R. T., Pibarot, P., Weissman, N. J., Leip Tags: TAVI Source Type: research

Percutaneous closure of patent foramen ovale: an underutilized prevention?
Stroke is a devastating event for patients and their families. Paradoxical embolism through a patent foramen ovale (PFO) is a recognized cause of stroke. Percutaneous PFO closure is a simple and safe procedure. The debate on PFO closure is far from settled. This is, in part, due to the fact that the three published randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on PFO closure vs. medical therapy were negative regarding their primary endpoint; however, as-treated and per-protocol analyses as well as several meta-analyses report a benefit of PFO closure. In our opinion, PFO closure is underutilized and the results of the three RCTs are...
Source: European Heart Journal - July 11, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Nietlispach, F., Meier, B. Tags: Clinical update Source Type: research

Clinical outcomes of patients with hypothyroidism undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention
Conclusion Hypothyroidism is associated with a higher incidence of MACCE compared with euthyroidism in patients undergoing PCI. Maintaining adequate control on TRT is beneficial in preventing MACCE.
Source: European Heart Journal - July 11, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Zhang, M., Sara, J. D. S., Matsuzawa, Y., Gharib, H., Bell, M. R., Gulati, R., Lerman, L. O., Lerman, A. Tags: Coronary artery disease Source Type: research

Dietary patterns and the risk of major adverse cardiovascular events in a global study of high-risk patients with stable coronary heart disease
Conclusion Greater consumption of healthy foods may be more important for secondary prevention of coronary artery disease than avoidance of less healthy foods typical of Western diets.
Source: European Heart Journal - July 1, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Stewart, R. A. H., Wallentin, L., Benatar, J., Danchin, N., Hagstrom, E., Held, C., Husted, S., Lonn, E., Stebbins, A., Chiswell, K., Vedin, O., Watson, D., White, H. D., the STABILITY Investigators Tags: Coronary artery disease Source Type: research

Updated European Heart Rhythm Association practical guide on the use of non-vitamin-K antagonist anticoagulants in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation: Executive summary
AbstractIn 2013, the European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA) published a Practical Guide on the use of non-VKA oral anticoagulants (NOACs) in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) (Heidbuchel H, Verhamme P, Alings M, Antz M, Hacke W, Oldgren J, Sinnaeve P, Camm AJ, Kirchhof P, European Heart Rhythm A. European Heart Rhythm Association Practical Guide on the use of new oral anticoagulants in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation.Europace 2013;15:625 –651; Heidbuchel H, Verhamme P, Alings M, Antz M, Hacke W, Oldgren J, Sinnaeve P, Camm AJ, Kirchhof P. EHRA practical guide on the use of new oral anticoagulants in...
Source: European Heart Journal - June 9, 2016 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Beyond ejection fraction: an integrative approach for assessment of cardiac structure and function in heart failure
Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) has been the central parameter used for diagnosis and management in patients with heart failure. A good predictor of adverse outcomes in heart failure when below ~45%, LVEF is less useful as a marker of risk as it approaches normal. As a measure of cardiac function, ejection fraction has several important limitations. Calculated as the stroke volume divided by end-diastolic volume, the estimation of ejection fraction is generally based on geometric assumptions that allow for assessment of volumes based on linear or two-dimensional measurements. Left ventricular ejection fraction is...
Source: European Heart Journal - June 1, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Cikes, M., Solomon, S. D. Tags: Clinical update Source Type: research

Growth differentiation factor-15 level predicts major bleeding and cardiovascular events in patients with acute coronary syndromes: results from the PLATO study
Conclusions In patients with ACS, higher levels of GDF-15 are associated with raised risks of all types of major non-CABG-related bleeding, spontaneous MI, and stroke as well as CV and total mortality and seem to improve risk stratification for CV-mortality and major bleeding beyond established risk factors. Clinical Trial Registration www.clinicaltrials.gov; NCT00391872.
Source: European Heart Journal - April 21, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Hagström, E., James, S. K., Bertilsson, M., Becker, R. C., Himmelmann, A., Husted, S., Katus, H. A., Steg, P. G., Storey, R. F., Siegbahn, A., Wallentin, L., for the PLATO Investigators Tags: Acute coronary syndromes Source Type: research

Correlates of pre-hospital morphine use in ST-elevation myocardial infarction patients and its association with in-hospital outcomes and long-term mortality: the FAST-MI (French Registry of Acute ST-elevation and non-ST-elevation Myocardial Infarction) programme
Conclusion In two independent everyday-life cohorts, pre-hospital morphine use in STEMI patients was not associated with worse in-hospital complications and 1-year mortality. Clinical trial registration Clinicaltrials.gov identifier: NCT00673036 (FAST-MI 2005); NCT01237418 (FAST-MI 2010).
Source: European Heart Journal - April 1, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Puymirat, E., Lamhaut, L., Bonnet, N., Aissaoui, N., Henry, P., Cayla, G., Cattan, S., Steg, G., Mock, L., Ducrocq, G., Goldstein, P., Schiele, F., Bonnefoy-Cudraz, E., Simon, T., Danchin, N. Tags: Acute coronary syndromes Source Type: research

Cardiovascular outcomes at different on-treatment blood pressures in the hypertensive patients of the VALUE trial
Conclusions In the high CV risk, hypertensives of the VALUE trial reducing BP consistently to <140/90 mmHg had marked beneficial effects both when data were calculated as proportion of visits at BP target or as on-treatment mean BP. Reducing BP to <130/80 mmHg led only to some possible further benefit on stroke, whereas the risk of other outcomes remained substantially similar to or slightly greater than that seen at the higher target. Thus, aggressive BP reductions when CV risk is high may not offer substantial advantages, except perhaps in patients or conditions in which stroke risk is particularly common.
Source: European Heart Journal - March 21, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Mancia, G., Kjeldsen, S. E., Zappe, D. H., Holzhauer, B., Hua, T. A., Zanchetti, A., Julius, S., Weber, M. A. Tags: Hypertension Source Type: research

Heterogeneous impact of classic atherosclerotic risk factors on different arterial territories: the EPIC-Norfolk prospective population study
Conclusion The heterogeneity in the risk factor–CVD associations supports the concept of pathophysiological differences between atherosclerotic CVD manifestations and could have implications for CVD prevention.
Source: European Heart Journal - March 14, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Stoekenbroek, R. M., Boekholdt, S. M., Luben, R., Hovingh, G. K., Zwinderman, A. H., Wareham, N. J., Khaw, K.-T., Peters, R. J. G. Tags: Prevention and epidemiology Source Type: research

Coping strategies and risk of cardiovascular disease incidence and mortality: the Japan Public Health Center-based prospective Study
Conclusion An approach-oriented coping strategy, i.e. proactively dealing with sources of stress, may be associated with significantly reduced stroke incidence and CVD mortality in a Japanese population-based cohort.
Source: European Heart Journal - March 14, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Svensson, T., Inoue, M., Sawada, N., Yamagishi, K., Charvat, H., Saito, I., Kokubo, Y., Iso, H., Kawamura, N., Shibuya, K., Mimura, M., Tsugane, S., for the JPHC Study Group, for the JPHC Study Group, Tsugane, Tsugane, Sawada, Iwasaki, Sasazuki, Shimazu, Tags: Prevention and epidemiology Source Type: research

The future of transcatheter aortic valve implantation
Since the introduction of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) into clinical practice, the treatment of aortic stenosis has changed dramatically. In the past, medical therapy with or without balloon aortic valvuloplasty was the only option for inoperable patients. More recently, TAVI has become the treatment of choice for these patients and the preferred alternative for high-risk operable patients. Surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) currently remains the gold standard for patients at low or intermediate operative risk. As randomized trials have demonstrated comparable results between TAVI and SAVR in the hi...
Source: European Heart Journal - March 7, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Hamm, C. W., Arsalan, M., Mack, M. J. Tags: Frontiers in cardiovascular medicine Source Type: research

Left ventricular systolic function assessment in secondary mitral regurgitation: left ventricular ejection fraction vs. speckle tracking global longitudinal strain
Conclusion In patients with severe secondary MR, speckle-tracking GLS shows more deteriorated LV systolic function than LVEF.
Source: European Heart Journal - March 7, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Kamperidis, V., Marsan, N. A., Delgado, V., Bax, J. J. Tags: Valvular heart disease Source Type: research

Transcatheter treatment of severe tricuspid regurgitation with the MitraClip system
Conclusions Transcatheter tricuspid valve repair by use of interventional edge-to-edge repair with the MitraClip system was feasible, and safe in three consecutive patients. Reduction of tricuspid insufficiency associates with relief of clinical symptoms for right heart failure. This strategy seems a promising treatment option for patients at prohibitive surgical risk.
Source: European Heart Journal - March 7, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Hammerstingl, C., Schueler, R., Malasa, M., Werner, N., Nickenig, G. Tags: EHJ BRIEF COMMUNICATION Source Type: research

Outcomes and costs of left atrial appendage closure from randomized controlled trial and real-world experience relative to oral anticoagulation
Conclusion</strong> Left atrial appendage closure in NVAF in a real-world setting may result in lower stroke and major bleeding rates than reported in LAAC clinical trials. Left atrial appendage closure in both settings achieves cost parity in a relatively short period of time and may offer substantial savings compared with current therapies. Savings are most pronounced among higher risk patients and those unsuitable for anticoagulation.</span>
Source: European Heart Journal - March 1, 2016 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research