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Total 27 results found since Jan 2013.
Anticoagulant vs. antiplatelet therapy in patients with cryptogenic stroke and patent foramen ovale: an individual participant data meta-analysis
Conclusion We did not find a statistically significant difference comparing OAC with APT; our results justify randomized trials comparing different antithrombotic approaches in these patients.
Source: European Heart Journal - September 14, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Kent, D. M., Dahabreh, I. J., Ruthazer, R., Furlan, A. J., Weimar, C., Serena, J., Meier, B., Mattle, H. P., Di Angelantonio, E., Paciaroni, M., Schuchlenz, H., Homma, S., Lutz, J. S., Thaler, D. E. Tags: Thrombosis and antithrombotic therapy Source Type: research
Ischaemic and haemorrhagic stroke associated with non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants and warfarin use in patients with atrial fibrillation: a nationwide cohort study
Conclusions</div>Among anticoagulant-naïve AF patients, treatment with NOACs was not associated with significantly lower risk of stroke/TE compared with VKA, but intracranial bleeding risk was significantly lower with dabigatran and apixaban.</span>
Source: European Heart Journal - October 14, 2016 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Transcatheter aortic valve thrombosis: the relation between hypo-attenuated leaflet thickening, abnormal valve haemodynamics, and stroke
Conclusion</div>On MDCT, 12.5% of patients showed HALT or reduced leaflet motion, whereas only one of these patients had abnormal valve haemodynamics on echocardiography. Neither HALT nor increased transvalvular gradient were associated with stroke/TIA.</span>
Source: European Heart Journal - March 27, 2017 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Blood pressure and in-hospital outcomes in patients presenting with ischaemic stroke
ConclusionIn patients hospitalized with ischaemic stroke, J-shaped, or U-shaped relationships were observed between BP variables and short-term outcomes. However, haemorrhagic complications with thrombolytic therapy were lower with lower BP.
Source: European Heart Journal - June 30, 2017 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Prasugrel plus bivalirudin vs. clopidogrel plus heparin in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction
Conclusion In this randomized trial of STEMI patients, we were unable to demonstrate significant differences in net clinical outcome between prasugrel plus bivalirudin and clopidogrel plus heparin. Neither the composite of ischaemic complications nor bleeding were favourably affected by prasugrel plus bivalirudin compared with a regimen of clopidogrel plus unfractionated heparin. However, the results must be interpreted in view of the premature termination of the trial. Clinical trial registration information Unique identifier NCT00976092 (www.clinicaltrials.gov).
Source: European Heart Journal - September 7, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Schulz, S., Richardt, G., Laugwitz, K.-L., Morath, T., Neudecker, J., Hoppmann, P., Mehran, R., Gershlick, A. H., Tolg, R., Anette Fiedler, K., Abdel-Wahab, M., Kufner, S., Schneider, S., Schunkert, H., Ibrahim, T., Mehilli, J., Kastrati, A., and for the Tags: FASTTRACK CLINICAL RESEARCH Source Type: research
Management of venous thrombo-embolism: an update
Venous thrombo-embolism is the third most frequent acute cardiovascular syndrome after myocardial infarction and stroke. Recently published landmark trials paved the way for significant progress in the management of the disease and provided the evidence for the ESC Pulmonary Embolism (PE) Guidelines 2014 update. Risk stratification strategies for non-high-risk PE continue to evolve, with an increasing emphasis on clinical prediction rules and right ventricular (RV) assessment on computed tomographic pulmonary angiography. In the field of anticoagulation treatment, pharmacogenetic testing for vitamin K antagonists on top of...
Source: European Heart Journal - November 1, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Konstantinides, S., Torbicki, A. Tags: Frontiers in cardiovascular medicine Source Type: research
CardioPulse Articles * Andreas Gruntzig's beginnings started in peripheral arteries * Developments in the treatment of aortic aneurysms in 2014 * Interventional treatment of venous thromboembolism * From academia to industry * Working in industry requires wanting to make medicines * STEMI and stroke: distant cousins at best
Source: European Heart Journal - March 7, 2015 Category: Cardiology Tags: CardioPulse Source Type: research
ISAR-SAFE: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of 6 vs. 12 months of clopidogrel therapy after drug-eluting stenting
Conclusions In the present trial, characterized by low event rates, we did not observe a significant difference in net clinical outcome between 6 and 12 months of clopidogrel therapy after DES implantation. However, the results of the trial must be considered in view of its premature termination and lower than expected event rates. The trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, Identifier: NCT00661206.
Source: European Heart Journal - May 21, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Schulz-Schupke, S., Byrne, R. A., ten Berg, J. M., Neumann, F.-J., Han, Y., Adriaenssens, T., Tolg, R., Seyfarth, M., Maeng, M., Zrenner, B., Jacobshagen, C., Mudra, H., von Hodenberg, E., Wohrle, J., Angiolillo, D. J., von Merzljak, B., Rifatov, N., Kufn Tags: Thrombosis and antithrombotic therapy Source Type: research
Clinical outcomes and management associated with major bleeding in patients with atrial fibrillation treated with apixaban or warfarin: insights from the ARISTOTLE trial
Conclusion Major bleeding was associated with substantially increased risk of death, ischaemic stroke, or MI, especially following ICH, and this risk was similarly elevated regardless of treatment with apixaban or warfarin. These results underscore the importance of preventing bleeding in anti-coagulated patients. Clinical Trials.gov identifier NCT00412984.
Source: European Heart Journal - May 21, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Held, C., Hylek, E. M., Alexander, J. H., Hanna, M., Lopes, R. D., Wojdyla, D. M., Thomas, L., Al-Khalidi, H., Alings, M., Xavier, D., Ansell, J., Goto, S., Ruzyllo, W., Rosenqvist, M., Verheugt, F. W. A., Zhu, J., Granger, C. B., Wallentin, L. Tags: Thrombosis and antithrombotic therapy Source Type: research
Randomized trial of atrial arrhythmia monitoring to guide anticoagulation in patients with implanted defibrillator and cardiac resynchronization devices
Conclusion In patients with implanted defibrillators, the strategy of early initiation and interruption of anticoagulation based on remotely detected AT did not prevent thromboembolism and bleeding. Clinical trial registration IMPACT ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00559988 http://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00559988?term=NCT00559988&rank=1.
Source: European Heart Journal - July 7, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Martin, D. T., Bersohn, M. M., Waldo, A. L., Wathen, M. S., Choucair, W. K., Lip, G. Y. H., Ip, J., Holcomb, R., Akar, J. G., Halperin, J. L., on behalf of the IMPACT Investigators Tags: Atrial fibrillation Source Type: research
Prognostic value of CHA2DS2-VASc score in patients with 'non-valvular atrial fibrillation' and valvular heart disease: the Loire Valley Atrial Fibrillation Project
Conclusion In patients with non-valvular AF, left-sided valvular heart disease (excluding mitral stenosis and protheses) was associated with an increased risk of stroke/TE events. A higher CHA2DS2VASc score in these patients is likely to explain these results.
Source: European Heart Journal - July 21, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Philippart, R., Brunet-Bernard, A., Clementy, N., Bourguignon, T., Mirza, A., Babuty, D., Angoulvant, D., Lip, G. Y. H., Fauchier, L. Tags: CLINICAL RESEARCH Source Type: research
Edoxaban vs. warfarin in patients with atrial fibrillation on amiodarone: a subgroup analysis of the ENGAGE AF-TIMI 48 trial
Conclusions Patients randomized to the LDE treated with amiodarone at the time of randomization demonstrated a significant reduction in ischaemic events vs. warfarin when compared with those not on amiodarone, while preserving a favourable bleeding profile. In contrast, amiodarone had no effect on the relative efficacy and safety of HDE.
Source: European Heart Journal - September 1, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Steffel, J., Giugliano, R. P., Braunwald, E., Murphy, S. A., Atar, D., Heidbuchel, H., Camm, A. J., Antman, E. M., Ruff, C. T. Tags: Thrombosis and anti-thrombotic therapy Source Type: research
Long-term dual antiplatelet therapy for secondary prevention of cardiovascular events in the subgroup of patients with previous myocardial infarction: a collaborative meta-analysis of randomized trials
Conclusion Compared with aspirin alone, DAPT beyond 1 year among stabilized high-risk patients with prior MI decreases ischaemic events, including significant reductions in the individual endpoints of cardiovascular death, recurrent MI, and stroke. Dual antiplatelet therapy beyond 1 year increases major bleeding, but not fatal bleeding or non-cardiovascular death.
Source: European Heart Journal - January 21, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Udell, J. A., Bonaca, M. P., Collet, J.-P., Lincoff, A. M., Kereiakes, D. J., Costa, F., Lee, C. W., Mauri, L., Valgimigli, M., Park, S.-J., Montalescot, G., Sabatine, M. S., Braunwald, E., Bhatt, D. L. Tags: Coronary artery disease Source Type: research
Efficacy and safety of ticagrelor for long-term secondary prevention of atherothrombotic events in relation to renal function: insights from the PEGASUS-TIMI 54 trial
Conclusion In patients with a history of MI, patients with renal dysfunction are at increased risk of MACE and consequently experience a particularly robust absolute risk reduction with long-term treatment with ticagrelor.
Source: European Heart Journal - January 21, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Magnani, G., Storey, R. F., Steg, G., Bhatt, D. L., Cohen, M., Kuder, J., Im, K., Aylward, P., Ardissino, D., Isaza, D., Parkhomenko, A., Goudev, A. R., Dellborg, M., Kontny, F., Corbalan, R., Medina, F., Jensen, E. C., Held, P., Braunwald, E., Sabatine, Tags: Thrombosis and antithrombotic therapy Source Type: research
Correlates of pre-hospital morphine use in ST-elevation myocardial infarction patients and its association with in-hospital outcomes and long-term mortality: the FAST-MI (French Registry of Acute ST-elevation and non-ST-elevation Myocardial Infarction) programme
Conclusion In two independent everyday-life cohorts, pre-hospital morphine use in STEMI patients was not associated with worse in-hospital complications and 1-year mortality. Clinical trial registration Clinicaltrials.gov identifier: NCT00673036 (FAST-MI 2005); NCT01237418 (FAST-MI 2010).
Source: European Heart Journal - April 1, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Puymirat, E., Lamhaut, L., Bonnet, N., Aissaoui, N., Henry, P., Cayla, G., Cattan, S., Steg, G., Mock, L., Ducrocq, G., Goldstein, P., Schiele, F., Bonnefoy-Cudraz, E., Simon, T., Danchin, N. Tags: Acute coronary syndromes Source Type: research
Outcomes and costs of left atrial appendage closure from randomized controlled trial and real-world experience relative to oral anticoagulation
Conclusion Left atrial appendage closure in NVAF in a real-world setting may result in lower stroke and major bleeding rates than reported in LAAC clinical trials. Left atrial appendage closure in both settings achieves cost parity in a relatively short period of time and may offer substantial savings compared with current therapies. Savings are most pronounced among higher risk patients and those unsuitable for anticoagulation.
Source: European Heart Journal - December 30, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Panikker, S., Lord, J., Jarman, J. W. E., Armstrong, S., Jones, D. G., Haldar, S., Butcher, C., Khan, H., Mantziari, L., Nicol, E., Hussain, W., Clague, J. R., Foran, J. P., Markides, V., Wong, T. Tags: Thrombosis and antithrombotic therapy Source Type: research
Effective anti-thrombotic therapy without stenting: intravascular optical coherence tomography-based management in plaque erosion (the EROSION study)
Conclusion</div>For patients with ACS caused by plaque erosion, conservative treatment with anti-thrombotic therapy without stenting may be an option.</span>
Source: European Heart Journal - August 30, 2016 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Ticagrelor, but not clopidogrel active metabolite, displays antithrombotic properties in the left atrial endocardium
Conclusion</div>Ticagrelor, but not CAM, reduces expression and activity of TF and PAI-1 in LAA endocardial cells isolated from patients with AF, indicating possible local antithrombotic effects. Such pleiotropic properties of ticagrelor may contribute to a reduction in thromboembolic complications in patients with AF.</span>
Source: European Heart Journal - January 8, 2017 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Hypo-attenuated leaflet thickening of transcatheter aortic valves: jeopardy or epiphenomenon?
<span class="paragraphSection"><strong>This editorial refers to ‘Transcatheter aortic valve thrombosis: the relation between hypo-attenuated leaflet thickening, abnormal valve haemodynamics, and stroke’<sup> †</sup>, by E.M. Vollema<span style="font-style:italic;">et al.</span>, on page<strong><a href="article.aspx?volume=&page=">1207<span></span></a></strong>.</strong></span>
Source: European Heart Journal - March 27, 2017 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Prediction of adverse events after catheter-based procedures in adolescents and adults with congenital heart disease in the IMPACT registry
ConclusionThe factors predicting adverse events after cardiac catheterization in adolescents and adults with CHD are different than in the general population. Validation of this model in other national or multi-institutional datasets is the next step.
Source: European Heart Journal - April 18, 2017 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Clinical outcomes of state-of-the-art percutaneous coronary revascularization in patients with de novo three vessel disease: 1-year results of the SYNTAX II study
ConclusionAt one year, clinical outcomes with the SYNTAX-II strategy were associated with improved clinical results compared to the PCI performed in comparable patients from the original SYNTAX-I trial. Longer term follow-up is awaited and a randomized clinical trial with contemporary CABG is warranted.ClinicalTrials.gov IdentifierNCT02015832
Source: European Heart Journal - August 26, 2017 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
‘Ten Commandments’ of the EHRA Guide for the Use of NOACs in AF
Non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) are an alternative for vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) to prevent stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), and have emerged as the preferred choice, particularly in patients newly started on anticoagulation. Both physicians and patients are becoming more accustomed to the use of these drugs in clinical practice. However, many unresolved questions on how to optimally use these agents in specific clinical situations remain. In 2013, the first “EHRA Practical Guide” was published to provide practical guidance for situations; an update was published in 2015. Below ...
Source: European Heart Journal - April 21, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Safety and efficacy of dual vs. triple antithrombotic therapy in patients with atrial fibrillation following percutaneous coronary intervention: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials
ConclusionCompared with TAT, DAT shows a reduction in TIMI major or minor bleeding by 47% with comparable outcomes of MACE. Our findings support the concept that DAT may be a better option than TAT in many patients with AF following PCI.
Source: European Heart Journal - April 13, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Clinical impact of direct stenting and interaction with thrombus aspiration in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention: Thrombectomy Trialists Collaboration
ConclusionDirect stenting rates were higher in patients randomized to thrombus aspiration. Clinical outcomes and myocardial reperfusion measures did not differ significantly between DS and conventional stenting and there was no interaction with thrombus aspiration.
Source: European Heart Journal - April 21, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Clinical and haemodynamic outcomes of balloon-expandable transcatheter mitral valve implantation: a 7-year experience
ConclusionTranscatheter mitral valve implantation using balloon-expandable valves in selected patients with bioprosthesis or annuloplasty failure or severe MAC was associated with a low rate of peri-procedural complications and acceptable long-term outcomes.
Source: European Heart Journal - May 19, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Uninterrupted edoxaban vs. vitamin K antagonists for ablation of atrial fibrillation: the ELIMINATE-AF trial
ConclusionUninterrupted edoxaban therapy represents an alternative to uninterrupted VKA treatment in patients undergoing AF ablation.
Source: European Heart Journal - April 11, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Endomyocardial fibrosis and apical thrombus in patient with hypereosinophilia
A 76-year-old woman with a history of left semiovale ischaemic lacunar stroke was admitted to hospital for suspected acute coronary syndrome and transient ischaemic attack. The previous year, echocardiography had shown normal results. Neither coronarography nor encephalic computed tomography showed significant lesions. Brain magnetic resonance imaging revealed multiple strokes in different arterial regions, with probable cardioembolic origin (Panel A).
Source: European Heart Journal - July 30, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research