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Total 17 results found since Jan 2013.
Long working hours as a risk factor for atrial fibrillation: a multi-cohort study
ConclusionIndividuals who worked long hours were more likely to develop atrial fibrillation than those working standard hours.
Source: European Heart Journal - July 13, 2017 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Blood pressure and in-hospital outcomes in patients presenting with ischaemic stroke
ConclusionIn patients hospitalized with ischaemic stroke, J-shaped, or U-shaped relationships were observed between BP variables and short-term outcomes. However, haemorrhagic complications with thrombolytic therapy were lower with lower BP.
Source: European Heart Journal - June 30, 2017 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Duration of device-detected subclinical atrial fibrillation and occurrence of stroke in ASSERT
Conclusions</div>SCAF>24 h is associated with an increased risk of ischemic stroke or systemic embolism.</span>
Source: European Heart Journal - March 1, 2017 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Effects of noise on vascular function, oxidative stress, and inflammation: mechanistic insight from studies in mice
ConclusionWe established a novel and unique aircraft noise stress model with increased blood pressure and vascular dysfunction associated with oxidative stress. This animal model enables future studies of molecular mechanisms, mitigation strategies, and pharmacological interventions to protect from noise-induced vascular damage.
Source: European Heart Journal - February 17, 2017 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Beyond ejection fraction: an integrative approach for assessment of cardiac structure and function in heart failure
Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) has been the central parameter used for diagnosis and management in patients with heart failure. A good predictor of adverse outcomes in heart failure when below ~45%, LVEF is less useful as a marker of risk as it approaches normal. As a measure of cardiac function, ejection fraction has several important limitations. Calculated as the stroke volume divided by end-diastolic volume, the estimation of ejection fraction is generally based on geometric assumptions that allow for assessment of volumes based on linear or two-dimensional measurements. Left ventricular ejection fraction is...
Source: European Heart Journal - June 1, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Cikes, M., Solomon, S. D. Tags: Clinical update Source Type: research
Cardiovascular outcomes at different on-treatment blood pressures in the hypertensive patients of the VALUE trial
Conclusions In the high CV risk, hypertensives of the VALUE trial reducing BP consistently to <140/90 mmHg had marked beneficial effects both when data were calculated as proportion of visits at BP target or as on-treatment mean BP. Reducing BP to <130/80 mmHg led only to some possible further benefit on stroke, whereas the risk of other outcomes remained substantially similar to or slightly greater than that seen at the higher target. Thus, aggressive BP reductions when CV risk is high may not offer substantial advantages, except perhaps in patients or conditions in which stroke risk is particularly common.
Source: European Heart Journal - March 21, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Mancia, G., Kjeldsen, S. E., Zappe, D. H., Holzhauer, B., Hua, T. A., Zanchetti, A., Julius, S., Weber, M. A. Tags: Hypertension Source Type: research
Choosing a particular oral anticoagulant and dose for stroke prevention in individual patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation: part 2
<span class="paragraphSection">The choice of oral anticoagulant (OAC) for patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) may be influenced by individual clinical features or by patterns of risk factors and comorbidities. We reviewed analyses of subgroups of patients from trials of vitamin K antagonists vs. non-vitamin K oral anticoagulants (NOACs) for stroke prevention in AF with the aim to identify patient groups who might benefit from a particular OAC more than from another. In addition, we discuss the timing of initiation of anticoagulation. In the second of a two-part review, we discuss the use of NOAC for stroke prevent...
Source: European Heart Journal - February 4, 2016 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
The ORBIT bleeding score: a simple bedside score to assess bleeding risk in atrial fibrillation
Conclusions The five-element ORBIT bleeding risk score had better ability to predict major bleeding in AF patients when compared with HAS-BLED and ATRIA risk scores. The ORBIT risk score can provide a simple, easily remembered tool to support clinical decision making.
Source: European Heart Journal - December 7, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: O'Brien, E. C., Simon, D. N., Thomas, L. E., Hylek, E. M., Gersh, B. J., Ansell, J. E., Kowey, P. R., Mahaffey, K. W., Chang, P., Fonarow, G. C., Pencina, M. J., Piccini, J. P., Peterson, E. D. Tags: Atrial fibrillation Source Type: research
Road traffic noise is associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality and all-cause mortality in London
Conclusions Long-term exposure to road traffic noise was associated with small increased risks of all-cause mortality and cardiovascular mortality and morbidity in the general population, particularly for stroke in the elderly.
Source: European Heart Journal - October 14, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Halonen, J. I., Hansell, A. L., Gulliver, J., Morley, D., Blangiardo, M., Fecht, D., Toledano, M. B., Beevers, S. D., Anderson, H. R., Kelly, F. J., Tonne, C. Tags: Prevention and epidemiology Source Type: research
Cardiovascular morbidity and mortality related to orthostatic hypotension: a meta-analysis of prospective observational studies
Conclusion Orthostatic hypotension is associated with a significantly increased risk of all-cause death, incident CHD, HF, and stroke.
Source: European Heart Journal - July 1, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Ricci, F., Fedorowski, A., Radico, F., Romanello, M., Tatasciore, A., Di Nicola, M., Zimarino, M., De Caterina, R. Tags: Hypertension Source Type: research
Characteristics, complications, and gaps in evidence-based interventions in rheumatic heart disease: the Global Rheumatic Heart Disease Registry (the REMEDY study)
Conclusion Rheumatic heart disease patients were young, predominantly female, and had high prevalence of major cardiovascular complications. There is suboptimal utilization of secondary antibiotic prophylaxis, oral anti-coagulation, and contraception, and variations in the use of percutaneous and surgical interventions by country income level.
Source: European Heart Journal - May 7, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Zuhlke, L., Engel, M. E., Karthikeyan, G., Rangarajan, S., Mackie, P., Cupido, B., Mauff, K., Islam, S., Joachim, A., Daniels, R., Francis, V., Ogendo, S., Gitura, B., Mondo, C., Okello, E., Lwabi, P., Al-Kebsi, M. M., Hugo-Hamman, C., Sheta, S. S., Haile Tags: Valvular heart disease Source Type: research
Peripheral arterial disease and critical limb ischaemia: still poor outcomes and lack of guideline adherence
Conclusion Regardless of recent advances in PAD treatment, current outcomes remain poor especially in CLI. Despite overwhelming evidence for reduction of limb loss by revascularization, CLI patients still received significantly less angiographies and revascularizations.
Source: European Heart Journal - April 14, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Reinecke, H., Unrath, M., Freisinger, E., Bunzemeier, H., Meyborg, M., Luders, F., Gebauer, K., Roeder, N., Berger, K., Malyar, N. M. Tags: Peripheral artery disease Source Type: research
Management of venous thrombo-embolism: an update
Venous thrombo-embolism is the third most frequent acute cardiovascular syndrome after myocardial infarction and stroke. Recently published landmark trials paved the way for significant progress in the management of the disease and provided the evidence for the ESC Pulmonary Embolism (PE) Guidelines 2014 update. Risk stratification strategies for non-high-risk PE continue to evolve, with an increasing emphasis on clinical prediction rules and right ventricular (RV) assessment on computed tomographic pulmonary angiography. In the field of anticoagulation treatment, pharmacogenetic testing for vitamin K antagonists on top of...
Source: European Heart Journal - November 1, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Konstantinides, S., Torbicki, A. Tags: Frontiers in cardiovascular medicine Source Type: research
Lipid lowering in patients with treatment-resistant hypertension: an analysis from the Treating to New Targets (TNT) trial
Conclusion In subjects with TRH, intensive lipid lowering with atorvastatin 80 mg is associated with a significant reduction in cardiovascular events.
Source: European Heart Journal - July 15, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Bangalore, S., Fayyad, R., Laskey, R., DeMicco, D., Deedwania, P., Kostis, J. B., Messerli, F. H., Treating to New Targets Steering Committee and Investigators Tags: Heart failure/cardiomyopathy Source Type: research
Treating hypertension in the very elderly--benefits, risks, and future directions, a focus on the hypertension in the very elderly trial
Although the number of individuals reaching 80 who are considered to be healthy is increasing, the very elderly are likely to have long-term conditions, to report symptoms and/or be taking at least one regular medication. The impact of antihypertensive treatment has to be taken into account in this context. The treatment regimen in Hypertension in the Very Elderly Trial with a goal blood pressure of <150/80 mmHg has been shown to provide benefits in terms of a reduction in risk of total mortality, stroke, and cardiovascular events with potential benefits and no evidence of increased risk for fracture, dementia, depressi...
Source: European Heart Journal - July 7, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Peters, R., Beckett, N., McCormack, T., Fagard, R., Fletcher, A., Bulpitt, C. Tags: Clinical update Source Type: research
Aliskiren alone or with other antihypertensives in the elderly with borderline and stage 1 hypertension: the APOLLO trial
Conclusions Sizeable reductions in BP, with potential for substantial CVD reduction, can be safely achieved using combinations of BP drugs in the elderly with normal high and Stage 1 hypertension. Clinical trial registration NCT01259297.
Source: European Heart Journal - July 7, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Teo, K. K., Pfeffer, M., Mancia, G., O'Donnell, M., Dagenais, G., Diaz, R., Dans, A., Liu, L., Bosch, J., Joseph, P., Copland, I., Jung, H., Pogue, J., Yusuf, S., on behalf of the Aliskiren Prevention of Later Life Outcomes trial Investigators Tags: Hypertension Source Type: research
Antihypertensive treatment and risk of atrial fibrillation: a nationwide study
Conclusion Use of ACEis and ARBs compared with β-blockers and diuretics associates with a reduced risk of atrial fibrillation, but not stroke, within the limitations of a retrospective study reporting associations. This suggests that controlling activation of the renin-angiotensin system in addition to controlling blood pressure is associated with a reduced risk of atrial fibrillation.
Source: European Heart Journal - May 7, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Marott, S. C. W., Nielsen, S. F., Benn, M., Nordestgaard, B. G. Tags: Hypertension Source Type: research