Query: stroke

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Source: European Heart Journal
Condition: Diabetes

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Total 19 results found since Jan 2013.

Prediction of individual life-years gained without cardiovascular events from lipid, blood pressure, glucose, and aspirin treatment based on data of more than 500  000 patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus
ConclusionCardiovascular disease-free life expectancy and effects of lifelong prevention in terms of CVD-free life-years gained can be estimated for people with T2DM using readily available clinical characteristics. Predictions of individual-level treatment effects facilitate translation of trial results to individual patients.
Source: European Heart Journal - January 9, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Adverse effects of statin therapy: perception vs. the evidence – focus on glucose homeostasis, cognitive, renal and hepatic function, haemorrhagic stroke and cataract
ConclusionLong-term statin treatment is remarkably safe with a low risk of clinically relevant adverse effects as defined above; statin-associated muscle symptoms were discussed in a previous Consensus Statement. Importantly, the established cardiovascular benefits of statin therapy far outweigh the risk of adverse effects.
Source: European Heart Journal - April 27, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Diabetes and ischaemic stroke: a deadly association
This editorial refers to ‘Diabetes and long-term outcomes of ischaemic stroke: findings from Get With The Guidelines-Stroke’††, by J.B. Echouffo-Tcheuguiet al., on page2376.
Source: European Heart Journal - February 9, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Diabetes and long-term outcomes of ischaemic stroke: findings from Get With The Guidelines-Stroke
ConclusionAmong older IS patients diabetes was associated with increased risks of death, cardiovascular and non-cardiovascular hospitalizations, HF, and IS/TIA recurrence.
Source: European Heart Journal - February 9, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Blood pressure and cardiovascular outcomes in patients with diabetes and high cardiovascular risk
ConclusionsIn patients with diabetes and elevated CV risk, even after extensive adjustment for underlying disease burden, there was a persistent association for low DBP with subclinical myocardial injury and risk of MI.
Source: European Heart Journal - January 31, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

A Swiss National Strategy for 2017 –2024
A Swiss National Strategy for Cardiovascular disease, Stroke, and Diabetes for the next 7  years has been produced through a joint initiative of 26 National Cardiovascular Societies and the Swiss Heart Foundation 
Source: European Heart Journal - November 7, 2017 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Impact of the SYNTAX scores I and II in patients with diabetes and multivessel coronary disease: a pooled analysis of patient level data from the SYNTAX, PRECOMBAT, and BEST trials
ConclusionsDifferences in 5 years outcomes following PCI and CABG for patients with MVD and diabetes were influenced by anatomic complexity as measured by the SYNTAX score. The SYNTAX score II mortality prediction model showed similar performance regardless of the diabetes status.
Source: European Heart Journal - April 18, 2017 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Comparative efficacy of coronary artery bypass surgery vs. percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with diabetes and multivessel coronary artery disease with or without chronic kidney disease
Conclusions Compared to PCI, the effects of CABG on long-term risks for MACCE observed in the FREEDOM trial are preserved among patients with mild to moderate CKD.
Source: European Heart Journal - December 30, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Baber, U., Farkouh, M. E., Arbel, Y., Muntner, P., Dangas, G., Mack, M. J., Hamza, T. H., Mehran, R., Fuster, V. Tags: Clinical trial update Source Type: research

Sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibition for the reduction of cardiovascular events in high-risk patients with diabetes mellitus
Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) exhibit an increased risk for cardiovascular (CV) events. Hyperglycaemia itself contributes to the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and heart failure (HF) in these patients, but glucose-lowering strategies studied to date have had little to no impact on reducing CV risk, especially in patients with a long duration of T2D and prevalent CV disease (CVD). Sodium glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitors are a novel class of anti-hyperglycaemic medications that increase urinary glucose excretion, thus improving glycaemic control independent of insulin. The recently published CV outc...
Source: European Heart Journal - November 17, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Marx, N., McGuire, D. K. Tags: Clinical update Source Type: research

Risk of stroke in chronic heart failure patients with preserved ejection fraction, but without atrial fibrillation: analysis of the CHARM-Preserved and I-Preserve trials
Conclusions</div>A small number of clinical variables identify a subset of patients with HF-PEF, but without AF, at elevated risk of stroke.</span>
Source: European Heart Journal - November 13, 2016 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Comparative efficacy of coronary artery bypass surgery vs. percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with diabetes and multivessel coronary artery disease with or without chronic kidney disease
Conclusions</div>Compared to PCI, the effects of CABG on long-term risks for MACCE observed in the FREEDOM trial are preserved among patients with mild to moderate CKD.</span>
Source: European Heart Journal - August 29, 2016 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Beyond ejection fraction: an integrative approach for assessment of cardiac structure and function in heart failure
Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) has been the central parameter used for diagnosis and management in patients with heart failure. A good predictor of adverse outcomes in heart failure when below ~45%, LVEF is less useful as a marker of risk as it approaches normal. As a measure of cardiac function, ejection fraction has several important limitations. Calculated as the stroke volume divided by end-diastolic volume, the estimation of ejection fraction is generally based on geometric assumptions that allow for assessment of volumes based on linear or two-dimensional measurements. Left ventricular ejection fraction is...
Source: European Heart Journal - June 1, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Cikes, M., Solomon, S. D. Tags: Clinical update Source Type: research

Mortality following a cardiovascular or renal event in patients with type 2 diabetes in the ALTITUDE trial
Conclusion The majority of deaths occurred in patients who did not experience a non-fatal CV or renal event, although the risk of death was higher following an event. Our findings illustrate continuing opportunities to reduce morbidity and mortality in patients with type 2 diabetes.
Source: European Heart Journal - September 21, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Jhund, P. S., McMurray, J. J. V., Chaturvedi, N., Brunel, P., Desai, A. S., Finn, P. V., Haffner, S. M., Solomon, S. D., Weinrauch, L. A., Claggett, B. L., Pfeffer, M. A. Tags: Prevention and epidemiology Source Type: research

Impact of glucose-lowering drugs on cardiovascular disease in type 2 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is characterized by multiple pathophysiologic abnormalities. With time, multiple glucose-lowering medications are commonly required to reduce and maintain plasma glucose concentrations within the normal range. Type 2 diabetes mellitus individuals also are at a very high risk for microvascular complications and the incidence of heart attack and stroke is increased two- to three-fold compared with non-diabetic individuals. Therefore, when selecting medications to normalize glucose levels in T2DM patients, it is important that the agent not aggravate, and ideally even improve, cardiovascular ri...
Source: European Heart Journal - September 7, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Ferrannini, E., DeFronzo, R. A. Tags: Clinical update Source Type: research

Cardiovascular risk in post-myocardial infarction patients: nationwide real world data demonstrate the importance of a long-term perspective
Conclusions Risk of cardiovascular events appeared high beyond the first year post-MI, indicating a need for prolonged surveillance, particularly in patients with additional risk factors.
Source: European Heart Journal - May 14, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Jernberg, T., Hasvold, P., Henriksson, M., Hjelm, H., Thuresson, M., Janzon, M. Tags: Acute coronary syndrome Source Type: research

Peripheral arterial disease and critical limb ischaemia: still poor outcomes and lack of guideline adherence
Conclusion Regardless of recent advances in PAD treatment, current outcomes remain poor especially in CLI. Despite overwhelming evidence for reduction of limb loss by revascularization, CLI patients still received significantly less angiographies and revascularizations.
Source: European Heart Journal - April 14, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Reinecke, H., Unrath, M., Freisinger, E., Bunzemeier, H., Meyborg, M., Luders, F., Gebauer, K., Roeder, N., Berger, K., Malyar, N. M. Tags: Peripheral artery disease Source Type: research

Metabolically healthy obesity and the risk of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes: the Whitehall II cohort study
Conclusion For type 2 diabetes, the MHO phenotype is associated with lower risk than the metabolically unhealthy obese, but for CVD the risk is as elevated in both obesity phenotypes.
Source: European Heart Journal - March 1, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Hinnouho, G.-M., Czernichow, S., Dugravot, A., Nabi, H., Brunner, E. J., Kivimaki, M., Singh-Manoux, A. Tags: Prevention and epidemiology Source Type: research

Coronary artery bypass grafting vs. percutaneous coronary intervention for patients with three-vessel disease: final five-year follow-up of the SYNTAX trial
Conclusion Five-year results of patients with 3VD treated with CABG or PCI using the first-generation paclitaxel-eluting DES suggest that CABG should remain the standard of care as it resulted in significantly lower rates of death, MI, and repeat revascularization, while stroke rates were similar. For patients with low SYNTAX scores, PCI is an acceptable revascularization strategy, although at a price of significantly higher rates of repeat revascularization. Clinical trial registration NCT00114972.
Source: European Heart Journal - October 21, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Head, S. J., Davierwala, P. M., Serruys, P. W., Redwood, S. R., Colombo, A., Mack, M. J., Morice, M.-C., Holmes, D. R., Feldman, T. E., Stahle, E., Underwood, P., Dawkins, K. D., Kappetein, A. P., Mohr, F. W. Tags: Coronary artery disease Source Type: research

Antihypertensive treatment and risk of atrial fibrillation: a nationwide study
Conclusion Use of ACEis and ARBs compared with β-blockers and diuretics associates with a reduced risk of atrial fibrillation, but not stroke, within the limitations of a retrospective study reporting associations. This suggests that controlling activation of the renin-angiotensin system in addition to controlling blood pressure is associated with a reduced risk of atrial fibrillation.
Source: European Heart Journal - May 7, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Marott, S. C. W., Nielsen, S. F., Benn, M., Nordestgaard, B. G. Tags: Hypertension Source Type: research