Query: stroke

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Source: European Heart Journal
Condition: Heart Disease

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Total 34 results found since Jan 2013.

Differential effects of PCSK9 variants on risk of coronary disease and ischaemic stroke
ConclusionPCSK9 genetic variants that confer life-long lower PCSK9 and LDL-C levels appear to have significantly weaker, if any, associations with risk of IS than with risk of CHD. By contrast, similar proportional reductions in risks of IS and CHD have been observed in randomized trials of therapeutic PCSK9-inhibition. These findings have implications for our understanding of when Mendelian randomization can be relied upon to predict the effects of therapeutic interventions.
Source: European Heart Journal - July 17, 2017 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Antihypertensive treatment and risk of atrial fibrillation: a nationwide study
Conclusion Use of ACEis and ARBs compared with β-blockers and diuretics associates with a reduced risk of atrial fibrillation, but not stroke, within the limitations of a retrospective study reporting associations. This suggests that controlling activation of the renin-angiotensin system in addition to controlling blood pressure is associated with a reduced risk of atrial fibrillation.
Source: European Heart Journal - May 7, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Marott, S. C. W., Nielsen, S. F., Benn, M., Nordestgaard, B. G. Tags: Hypertension Source Type: research

The Atrial Fibrillation Ablation Pilot Study: an European Survey on Methodology and results of catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation conducted by the European Heart Rhythm Association
Conclusion The AFib Ablation Pilot Study provided crucial information on the epidemiology, management, and outcomes of catheter ablation of AFib in a real-world setting. The methods used to assess the success of the procedure appeared at least suboptimal. Even in this context, the 12-month success rate appears to be somewhat lower to the one reported clinical trials.
Source: European Heart Journal - June 7, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Arbelo, E., Brugada, J., Hindricks, G., Maggioni, A. P., Tavazzi, L., Vardas, P., Laroche, C., Anselme, F., Inama, G., Jais, P., Kalarus, Z., Kautzner, J., Lewalter, T., Mairesse, G. H., Perez-Villacastin, J., Riahi, S., Taborsky, M., Theodorakis, G., Tri Tags: Arrhythmia/electrophysiology Source Type: research

Lipid lowering in patients with treatment-resistant hypertension: an analysis from the Treating to New Targets (TNT) trial
Conclusion In subjects with TRH, intensive lipid lowering with atorvastatin 80 mg is associated with a significant reduction in cardiovascular events.
Source: European Heart Journal - July 15, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Bangalore, S., Fayyad, R., Laskey, R., DeMicco, D., Deedwania, P., Kostis, J. B., Messerli, F. H., Treating to New Targets Steering Committee and Investigators Tags: Heart failure/cardiomyopathy Source Type: research

Perioperative risk of major non-cardiac surgery in patients with severe aortic stenosis: a reappraisal in contemporary practice
Conclusion Severe aortic stenosis is associated with increased risk of MACE. In contemporary practice, perioperative mortality of patients with SAS is lower than previously reported and the difference from controls did not reach statistical significance. Emergency surgery is the strongest predictor of post-operative death. These results have implications for perioperative risk assessment and management strategies in patients with SAS.
Source: European Heart Journal - September 14, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Tashiro, T., Pislaru, S. V., Blustin, J. M., Nkomo, V. T., Abel, M. D., Scott, C. G., Pellikka, P. A. Tags: Valvular heart disease Source Type: research

Coronary artery disease severity and aortic stenosis: clinical outcomes according to SYNTAX score in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation
Conclusions Severity of CAD appears to be associated with impaired clinical outcomes at 1 year after TAVI. Patients with SS >22 receive less complete revascularization and have a higher risk of cardiovascular death, stroke, or MI than patients without CAD or low SS.
Source: European Heart Journal - October 1, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Stefanini, G. G., Stortecky, S., Cao, D., Rat-Wirtzler, J., O'Sullivan, C. J., Gloekler, S., Buellesfeld, L., Khattab, A. A., Nietlispach, F., Pilgrim, T., Huber, C., Carrel, T., Meier, B., Juni, P., Wenaweser, P., Windecker, S. Tags: Valvular heart disease Source Type: research

Paradoxical low-flow, low-gradient aortic stenosis despite preserved left ventricular ejection fraction: new insights from weights of operatively excised aortic valves
Conclusion The aortic valve weight data reported in this study provide evidence that a large proportion of patients with PLF and low-gradient have a severe stenosis and that the gradient may substantially underestimate stenosis severity in these patients. A multi-parametric approach including all Doppler-echocardiographic parameters of valve function as well as other complementary diagnostic tests may help correctly identify these patients.
Source: European Heart Journal - October 7, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Clavel, M.-A., Cote, N., Mathieu, P., Dumesnil, J. G., Audet, A., Pepin, A., Couture, C., Fournier, D., Trahan, S., Page, S., Pibarot, P. Tags: Valvular heart disease Source Type: research

CardioPulse * Cardiovascular disease in Europe 2014: epidemiological update * Heart disease and stroke decline in Europe * Estimating an individual person's course of coronary artery calcification * The CardioScape Project * In memoriam
Source: European Heart Journal - November 7, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Nichols, M., Townsend, N., Scarborough, P., Rayner, M. Tags: CardioPulse Source Type: research

Cardiovascular disease in Europe 2014: epidemiological update
This paper provides an update for 2014 on the burden of cardiovascular disease (CVD), and in particular coronary heart disease (CHD) and stroke, across the countries of Europe. Cardiovascular disease causes more deaths among Europeans than any other condition, and in many countries still causes more than twice as many deaths as cancer. There is clear evidence in most countries with available data that mortality and case-fatality rates from CHD and stroke have decreased substantially over the last 5–10 years but at differing rates. The differing recent trends have therefore led to increasing inequalities in the burden...
Source: European Heart Journal - November 7, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Nichols, M., Townsend, N., Scarborough, P., Rayner, M. Tags: SPECIAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Atrial fibrillation, valvular heart disease, and use of target-specific oral anticoagulants for stroke prevention
Source: European Heart Journal - December 14, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Hohnloser, S. H., Lopes, R. D. Tags: EDITORIALS Source Type: research

Paravalvular regurgitation after transcatheter aortic valve replacement with the Edwards sapien valve in the PARTNER trial: characterizing patients and impact on outcomes
Conclusion Differences in baseline characteristics in patients with increasing severities of PVR may increase the risk of this complication. Despite these differences, multivariable analysis demonstrated that both mild and moderate/severe PVR predicted higher 1-year mortality.
Source: European Heart Journal - February 14, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Kodali, S., Pibarot, P., Douglas, P. S., Williams, M., Xu, K., Thourani, V., Rihal, C. S., Zajarias, A., Doshi, D., Davidson, M., Tuzcu, E. M., Stewart, W., Weissman, N. J., Svensson, L., Greason, K., Maniar, H., Mack, M., Anwaruddin, S., Leon, M. B., Hah Tags: Valvular heart disease Source Type: research

Metabolically healthy obesity and the risk of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes: the Whitehall II cohort study
Conclusion For type 2 diabetes, the MHO phenotype is associated with lower risk than the metabolically unhealthy obese, but for CVD the risk is as elevated in both obesity phenotypes.
Source: European Heart Journal - March 1, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Hinnouho, G.-M., Czernichow, S., Dugravot, A., Nabi, H., Brunner, E. J., Kivimaki, M., Singh-Manoux, A. Tags: Prevention and epidemiology Source Type: research

Characteristics, complications, and gaps in evidence-based interventions in rheumatic heart disease: the Global Rheumatic Heart Disease Registry (the REMEDY study)
Conclusion Rheumatic heart disease patients were young, predominantly female, and had high prevalence of major cardiovascular complications. There is suboptimal utilization of secondary antibiotic prophylaxis, oral anti-coagulation, and contraception, and variations in the use of percutaneous and surgical interventions by country income level.
Source: European Heart Journal - May 7, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Zuhlke, L., Engel, M. E., Karthikeyan, G., Rangarajan, S., Mackie, P., Cupido, B., Mauff, K., Islam, S., Joachim, A., Daniels, R., Francis, V., Ogendo, S., Gitura, B., Mondo, C., Okello, E., Lwabi, P., Al-Kebsi, M. M., Hugo-Hamman, C., Sheta, S. S., Haile Tags: Valvular heart disease Source Type: research

Cardiovascular morbidity and mortality related to orthostatic hypotension: a meta-analysis of prospective observational studies
Conclusion Orthostatic hypotension is associated with a significantly increased risk of all-cause death, incident CHD, HF, and stroke.
Source: European Heart Journal - July 1, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Ricci, F., Fedorowski, A., Radico, F., Romanello, M., Tatasciore, A., Di Nicola, M., Zimarino, M., De Caterina, R. Tags: Hypertension Source Type: research

Prognostic value of CHA2DS2-VASc score in patients with 'non-valvular atrial fibrillation' and valvular heart disease: the Loire Valley Atrial Fibrillation Project
Conclusion In patients with non-valvular AF, left-sided valvular heart disease (excluding mitral stenosis and protheses) was associated with an increased risk of stroke/TE events. A higher CHA2DS2VASc score in these patients is likely to explain these results.
Source: European Heart Journal - July 21, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Philippart, R., Brunet-Bernard, A., Clementy, N., Bourguignon, T., Mirza, A., Babuty, D., Angoulvant, D., Lip, G. Y. H., Fauchier, L. Tags: CLINICAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

Low gradient severe aortic stenosis with preserved ejection fraction: reclassification of severity by fusion of Doppler and computed tomographic data
Conclusion The fusion AVAi reclassifies 52% of normal flow–low gradient and 12% of low flow–low gradient severe AS into true moderate AS, by providing true cross-sectional LVOT area.
Source: European Heart Journal - August 14, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Kamperidis, V., van Rosendael, P. J., Katsanos, S., van der Kley, F., Regeer, M., Al Amri, I., Sianos, G., Marsan, N. A., Delgado, V., Bax, J. J. Tags: Valvular heart disease Source Type: research

Road traffic noise is associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality and all-cause mortality in London
Conclusions Long-term exposure to road traffic noise was associated with small increased risks of all-cause mortality and cardiovascular mortality and morbidity in the general population, particularly for stroke in the elderly.
Source: European Heart Journal - October 14, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Halonen, J. I., Hansell, A. L., Gulliver, J., Morley, D., Blangiardo, M., Fecht, D., Toledano, M. B., Beevers, S. D., Anderson, H. R., Kelly, F. J., Tonne, C. Tags: Prevention and epidemiology Source Type: research

Cardiovascular disease in Europe -- epidemiological update 2015
This article provides an update for 2015 on the burden of cardiovascular disease (CVD), with a particular focus on coronary heart disease (CHD) and stroke, across the countries of Europe. Cardiovascular disease is still the most common cause of death within Europe, causing almost two times as many deaths as cancer across the continent. Although there is clear evidence, where data are available, that mortality from CHD and stroke has decreased substantially over the last 5–10 years, there are still large inequalities found between European countries, in both current rates of death and the rate at which these decreases...
Source: European Heart Journal - October 21, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Townsend, N., Nichols, M., Scarborough, P., Rayner, M. Tags: Prevention and epidemiology Source Type: research

Association of growth differentiation factor 11/8, putative anti-ageing factor, with cardiovascular outcomes and overall mortality in humans: analysis of the Heart and Soul and HUNT3 cohorts
Conclusion In patients with stable ischaemic heart disease, higher GDF11/8 levels are associated with lower risk of cardiovascular events and death. Our findings suggest that GDF11/8 has similar cardioprotective properties in humans to those demonstrated in mice.
Source: European Heart Journal - December 21, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Olson, K. A., Beatty, A. L., Heidecker, B., Regan, M. C., Brody, E. N., Foreman, T., Kato, S., Mehler, R. E., Singer, B. S., Hveem, K., Dalen, H., Sterling, D. G., Lawn, R. M., Schiller, N. B., Williams, S. A., Whooley, M. A., Ganz, P. Tags: Pathophysiology Source Type: research

Left ventricular systolic function assessment in secondary mitral regurgitation: left ventricular ejection fraction vs. speckle tracking global longitudinal strain
Conclusion In patients with severe secondary MR, speckle-tracking GLS shows more deteriorated LV systolic function than LVEF.
Source: European Heart Journal - March 7, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Kamperidis, V., Marsan, N. A., Delgado, V., Bax, J. J. Tags: Valvular heart disease Source Type: research

Coping strategies and risk of cardiovascular disease incidence and mortality: the Japan Public Health Center-based prospective Study
Conclusion An approach-oriented coping strategy, i.e. proactively dealing with sources of stress, may be associated with significantly reduced stroke incidence and CVD mortality in a Japanese population-based cohort.
Source: European Heart Journal - March 14, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Svensson, T., Inoue, M., Sawada, N., Yamagishi, K., Charvat, H., Saito, I., Kokubo, Y., Iso, H., Kawamura, N., Shibuya, K., Mimura, M., Tsugane, S., for the JPHC Study Group, for the JPHC Study Group, Tsugane, Tsugane, Sawada, Iwasaki, Sasazuki, Shimazu, Tags: Prevention and epidemiology Source Type: research

Dietary patterns and the risk of major adverse cardiovascular events in a global study of high-risk patients with stable coronary heart disease
Conclusion Greater consumption of healthy foods may be more important for secondary prevention of coronary artery disease than avoidance of less healthy foods typical of Western diets.
Source: European Heart Journal - July 1, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Stewart, R. A. H., Wallentin, L., Benatar, J., Danchin, N., Hagstrom, E., Held, C., Husted, S., Lonn, E., Stebbins, A., Chiswell, K., Vedin, O., Watson, D., White, H. D., the STABILITY Investigators Tags: Coronary artery disease Source Type: research

Aortic valve replacement with mechanical vs. biological prostheses in patients aged 50-69 years
Conclusion Patients aged 50–69 years who received mechanical valves had better long-term survival after AVR than those with bioprostheses. The risk of stroke was similar; however, patients with bioprostheses had a higher risk of aortic valve reoperation and a lower risk of major bleeding. Clinical Trial Registration http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT02276950. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier NCT02276950.
Source: European Heart Journal - September 21, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Glaser, N., Jackson, V., Holzmann, M. J., Franco-Cereceda, A., Sartipy, U. Tags: Cardiovascular surgery Source Type: research

Outcomes in patients treated with ticagrelor or clopidogrel after acute myocardial infarction: experiences from SWEDEHEART registry
Conclusion Ticagrelor vs. clopidogrel post-ACS was associated with a lower risk of death, MI, or stroke, as well as death alone. Risk of bleeding was higher with ticagrelor. These real-world outcomes are consistent with randomized trial results.
Source: European Heart Journal - December 22, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Sahlen, A., Varenhorst, C., Lagerqvist, B., Renlund, H., Omerovic, E., Erlinge, D., Wallentin, L., James, S. K., Jernberg, T. Tags: Acute coronary syndromes Source Type: research

Prediction of adverse events after catheter-based procedures in adolescents and adults with congenital heart disease in the IMPACT registry
ConclusionThe factors predicting adverse events after cardiac catheterization in adolescents and adults with CHD are different than in the general population. Validation of this model in other national or multi-institutional datasets is the next step.
Source: European Heart Journal - April 18, 2017 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Updated European Heart Rhythm Association practical guide on the use of non-vitamin-K antagonist anticoagulants in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation: Executive summary
AbstractIn 2013, the European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA) published a Practical Guide on the use of non-VKA oral anticoagulants (NOACs) in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) (Heidbuchel H, Verhamme P, Alings M, Antz M, Hacke W, Oldgren J, Sinnaeve P, Camm AJ, Kirchhof P, European Heart Rhythm A. European Heart Rhythm Association Practical Guide on the use of new oral anticoagulants in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation.Europace 2013;15:625 –651; Heidbuchel H, Verhamme P, Alings M, Antz M, Hacke W, Oldgren J, Sinnaeve P, Camm AJ, Kirchhof P. EHRA practical guide on the use of new oral anticoagulants in...
Source: European Heart Journal - June 9, 2016 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Long working hours as a risk factor for atrial fibrillation: a multi-cohort study
ConclusionIndividuals who worked long hours were more likely to develop atrial fibrillation than those working standard hours.
Source: European Heart Journal - July 13, 2017 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Atrial fibrillation as a risk factor for cognitive decline and dementia
ConclusionIn adults aged 45 –85 years AF is associated with accelerated cognitive decline and higher risk of dementia even at ages when AF incidence is low. At least in part, this was explained by incident cardiovascular disease in patients with AF.
Source: European Heart Journal - April 29, 2017 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Visit-to-visit variability of blood pressure and cardiovascular outcomes in patients with stable coronary heart disease. Insights from the STABILITY trial
ConclusionIn patients with stable coronary heart disease, higher visit-to-visit variabilities of both systolic and diastolic BP are strong predictors of increased risk of cardiovascular events, independently of mean BP.
Source: European Heart Journal - May 27, 2017 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

An African cardiology summitThe World Heart Federation African Summit on Best Practices in Policy and Access to Care in 2017 concluded with the Khartoum Action Plan, to improve cardiovascular on the African continent
The World Heart Federation (WHF) is the umbrella organization of continental and national cardiac societies and heart foundations globally, reporting to the World Health Organization (WHO). The WHF is dedicated to the global fight against CVD, including heart disease, stroke, and rheumatic heart disease (RHD). Building on the first Global Summit on Circulatory Health, held at the 2016 World Congress of Cardiology and Cardiovascular Health in Mexico City, the second Summit held in Singapore July 2017 focused on building a civil society movement for circulatory health.
Source: European Heart Journal - February 6, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Subclinical thyroid dysfunction and cardiovascular diseases: 2016 update
AbstractSubclinical thyroid dysfunction comprises subclinical hypothyroidism (SHypo), defined as elevated thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) by normal free thyroxine (FT4), and subclinical hyperthyroidism (SHyper) with decreased or undetectable TSH and normal FT4. Up to 10% of the elderly have SHypo, which is usually asymptomatic. Individual participant data (IPD) analyses of prospective cohort studies from the international Thyroid Studies Collaboration show that SHypo is associated with increased coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality [hazard ratio (HR) 1,58 for TSH ≥ 10 mIU/L, 95% CI 1.10–2.27), as well as increased ...
Source: European Heart Journal - February 27, 2017 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

‘Ten Commandments’ of the EHRA Guide for the Use of NOACs in AF
Non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) are an alternative for vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) to prevent stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), and have emerged as the preferred choice, particularly in patients newly started on anticoagulation. Both physicians and patients are becoming more accustomed to the use of these drugs in clinical practice. However, many unresolved questions on how to optimally use these agents in specific clinical situations remain. In 2013, the first “EHRA Practical Guide” was published to provide practical guidance for situations; an update was published in 2015. Below ...
Source: European Heart Journal - April 21, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Ten-year association of coronary artery calcium with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) events: the multi-ethnic study of atherosclerosis (MESA)
ConclusionsCoronary artery calcium is associated strongly and in a graded fashion with 10-year risk of incident ASCVD as it is for CHD, independent of standard risk factors, and similarly by age, gender, and ethnicity. While 10-year event rates in those with CAC  = 0 were almost exclusively below 5%, those with CAC ≥ 100 were consistently above 7.5%, making these potentially valuable cutpoints for the consideration of preventive therapies. Coronary artery calcium strongly predicts risk with the same magnitude of effect in all races, age groups, an d both sexes, which makes it among the most useful markers for predicting ASCVD risk.
Source: European Heart Journal - April 23, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Association between regional body fat and cardiovascular disease risk among postmenopausal women with normal body mass index
ConclusionAmong postmenopausal women with normal BMI, both elevated trunk fat and reduced leg fat are associated with increased risk of CVD.
Source: European Heart Journal - June 30, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research