Query: stroke

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Source: European Heart Journal
Condition: Coronary Heart Disease

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Total 14 results found since Jan 2013.

Association between regional body fat and cardiovascular disease risk among postmenopausal women with normal body mass index
ConclusionAmong postmenopausal women with normal BMI, both elevated trunk fat and reduced leg fat are associated with increased risk of CVD.
Source: European Heart Journal - June 30, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Ten-year association of coronary artery calcium with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) events: the multi-ethnic study of atherosclerosis (MESA)
ConclusionsCoronary artery calcium is associated strongly and in a graded fashion with 10-year risk of incident ASCVD as it is for CHD, independent of standard risk factors, and similarly by age, gender, and ethnicity. While 10-year event rates in those with CAC  = 0 were almost exclusively below 5%, those with CAC ≥ 100 were consistently above 7.5%, making these potentially valuable cutpoints for the consideration of preventive therapies. Coronary artery calcium strongly predicts risk with the same magnitude of effect in all races, age groups, an d both sexes, which makes it among the most useful markers for predicting ASCVD risk.
Source: European Heart Journal - April 23, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Differential effects of PCSK9 variants on risk of coronary disease and ischaemic stroke
ConclusionPCSK9 genetic variants that confer life-long lower PCSK9 and LDL-C levels appear to have significantly weaker, if any, associations with risk of IS than with risk of CHD. By contrast, similar proportional reductions in risks of IS and CHD have been observed in randomized trials of therapeutic PCSK9-inhibition. These findings have implications for our understanding of when Mendelian randomization can be relied upon to predict the effects of therapeutic interventions.
Source: European Heart Journal - July 17, 2017 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Long working hours as a risk factor for atrial fibrillation: a multi-cohort study
ConclusionIndividuals who worked long hours were more likely to develop atrial fibrillation than those working standard hours.
Source: European Heart Journal - July 13, 2017 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Visit-to-visit variability of blood pressure and cardiovascular outcomes in patients with stable coronary heart disease. Insights from the STABILITY trial
ConclusionIn patients with stable coronary heart disease, higher visit-to-visit variabilities of both systolic and diastolic BP are strong predictors of increased risk of cardiovascular events, independently of mean BP.
Source: European Heart Journal - May 27, 2017 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Atrial fibrillation as a risk factor for cognitive decline and dementia
ConclusionIn adults aged 45 –85 years AF is associated with accelerated cognitive decline and higher risk of dementia even at ages when AF incidence is low. At least in part, this was explained by incident cardiovascular disease in patients with AF.
Source: European Heart Journal - April 29, 2017 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Subclinical thyroid dysfunction and cardiovascular diseases: 2016 update
AbstractSubclinical thyroid dysfunction comprises subclinical hypothyroidism (SHypo), defined as elevated thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) by normal free thyroxine (FT4), and subclinical hyperthyroidism (SHyper) with decreased or undetectable TSH and normal FT4. Up to 10% of the elderly have SHypo, which is usually asymptomatic. Individual participant data (IPD) analyses of prospective cohort studies from the international Thyroid Studies Collaboration show that SHypo is associated with increased coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality [hazard ratio (HR) 1,58 for TSH ≥ 10 mIU/L, 95% CI 1.10–2.27), as well as increased ...
Source: European Heart Journal - February 27, 2017 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Dietary patterns and the risk of major adverse cardiovascular events in a global study of high-risk patients with stable coronary heart disease
Conclusion Greater consumption of healthy foods may be more important for secondary prevention of coronary artery disease than avoidance of less healthy foods typical of Western diets.
Source: European Heart Journal - July 1, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Stewart, R. A. H., Wallentin, L., Benatar, J., Danchin, N., Hagstrom, E., Held, C., Husted, S., Lonn, E., Stebbins, A., Chiswell, K., Vedin, O., Watson, D., White, H. D., the STABILITY Investigators Tags: Coronary artery disease Source Type: research

Updated European Heart Rhythm Association practical guide on the use of non-vitamin-K antagonist anticoagulants in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation: Executive summary
AbstractIn 2013, the European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA) published a Practical Guide on the use of non-VKA oral anticoagulants (NOACs) in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) (Heidbuchel H, Verhamme P, Alings M, Antz M, Hacke W, Oldgren J, Sinnaeve P, Camm AJ, Kirchhof P, European Heart Rhythm A. European Heart Rhythm Association Practical Guide on the use of new oral anticoagulants in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation.Europace 2013;15:625 –651; Heidbuchel H, Verhamme P, Alings M, Antz M, Hacke W, Oldgren J, Sinnaeve P, Camm AJ, Kirchhof P. EHRA practical guide on the use of new oral anticoagulants in...
Source: European Heart Journal - June 9, 2016 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Cardiovascular disease in Europe -- epidemiological update 2015
This article provides an update for 2015 on the burden of cardiovascular disease (CVD), with a particular focus on coronary heart disease (CHD) and stroke, across the countries of Europe. Cardiovascular disease is still the most common cause of death within Europe, causing almost two times as many deaths as cancer across the continent. Although there is clear evidence, where data are available, that mortality from CHD and stroke has decreased substantially over the last 5–10 years, there are still large inequalities found between European countries, in both current rates of death and the rate at which these decreases...
Source: European Heart Journal - October 21, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Townsend, N., Nichols, M., Scarborough, P., Rayner, M. Tags: Prevention and epidemiology Source Type: research

Cardiovascular morbidity and mortality related to orthostatic hypotension: a meta-analysis of prospective observational studies
Conclusion Orthostatic hypotension is associated with a significantly increased risk of all-cause death, incident CHD, HF, and stroke.
Source: European Heart Journal - July 1, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Ricci, F., Fedorowski, A., Radico, F., Romanello, M., Tatasciore, A., Di Nicola, M., Zimarino, M., De Caterina, R. Tags: Hypertension Source Type: research

Metabolically healthy obesity and the risk of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes: the Whitehall II cohort study
Conclusion For type 2 diabetes, the MHO phenotype is associated with lower risk than the metabolically unhealthy obese, but for CVD the risk is as elevated in both obesity phenotypes.
Source: European Heart Journal - March 1, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Hinnouho, G.-M., Czernichow, S., Dugravot, A., Nabi, H., Brunner, E. J., Kivimaki, M., Singh-Manoux, A. Tags: Prevention and epidemiology Source Type: research

Cardiovascular disease in Europe 2014: epidemiological update
This paper provides an update for 2014 on the burden of cardiovascular disease (CVD), and in particular coronary heart disease (CHD) and stroke, across the countries of Europe. Cardiovascular disease causes more deaths among Europeans than any other condition, and in many countries still causes more than twice as many deaths as cancer. There is clear evidence in most countries with available data that mortality and case-fatality rates from CHD and stroke have decreased substantially over the last 5–10 years but at differing rates. The differing recent trends have therefore led to increasing inequalities in the burden...
Source: European Heart Journal - November 7, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Nichols, M., Townsend, N., Scarborough, P., Rayner, M. Tags: SPECIAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Lipid lowering in patients with treatment-resistant hypertension: an analysis from the Treating to New Targets (TNT) trial
Conclusion In subjects with TRH, intensive lipid lowering with atorvastatin 80 mg is associated with a significant reduction in cardiovascular events.
Source: European Heart Journal - July 15, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Bangalore, S., Fayyad, R., Laskey, R., DeMicco, D., Deedwania, P., Kostis, J. B., Messerli, F. H., Treating to New Targets Steering Committee and Investigators Tags: Heart failure/cardiomyopathy Source Type: research