Query: stroke

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Source: European Heart Journal
Condition: Diabetes Mellitus

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Total 9 results found since Jan 2013.

Adverse effects of statin therapy: perception vs. the evidence – focus on glucose homeostasis, cognitive, renal and hepatic function, haemorrhagic stroke and cataract
ConclusionLong-term statin treatment is remarkably safe with a low risk of clinically relevant adverse effects as defined above; statin-associated muscle symptoms were discussed in a previous Consensus Statement. Importantly, the established cardiovascular benefits of statin therapy far outweigh the risk of adverse effects.
Source: European Heart Journal - April 27, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Antihypertensive treatment and risk of atrial fibrillation: a nationwide study
Conclusion Use of ACEis and ARBs compared with β-blockers and diuretics associates with a reduced risk of atrial fibrillation, but not stroke, within the limitations of a retrospective study reporting associations. This suggests that controlling activation of the renin-angiotensin system in addition to controlling blood pressure is associated with a reduced risk of atrial fibrillation.
Source: European Heart Journal - May 7, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Marott, S. C. W., Nielsen, S. F., Benn, M., Nordestgaard, B. G. Tags: Hypertension Source Type: research

Impact of glucose-lowering drugs on cardiovascular disease in type 2 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is characterized by multiple pathophysiologic abnormalities. With time, multiple glucose-lowering medications are commonly required to reduce and maintain plasma glucose concentrations within the normal range. Type 2 diabetes mellitus individuals also are at a very high risk for microvascular complications and the incidence of heart attack and stroke is increased two- to three-fold compared with non-diabetic individuals. Therefore, when selecting medications to normalize glucose levels in T2DM patients, it is important that the agent not aggravate, and ideally even improve, cardiovascular ri...
Source: European Heart Journal - September 7, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Ferrannini, E., DeFronzo, R. A. Tags: Clinical update Source Type: research

Mortality following a cardiovascular or renal event in patients with type 2 diabetes in the ALTITUDE trial
Conclusion The majority of deaths occurred in patients who did not experience a non-fatal CV or renal event, although the risk of death was higher following an event. Our findings illustrate continuing opportunities to reduce morbidity and mortality in patients with type 2 diabetes.
Source: European Heart Journal - September 21, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Jhund, P. S., McMurray, J. J. V., Chaturvedi, N., Brunel, P., Desai, A. S., Finn, P. V., Haffner, S. M., Solomon, S. D., Weinrauch, L. A., Claggett, B. L., Pfeffer, M. A. Tags: Prevention and epidemiology Source Type: research

Sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibition for the reduction of cardiovascular events in high-risk patients with diabetes mellitus
Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) exhibit an increased risk for cardiovascular (CV) events. Hyperglycaemia itself contributes to the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and heart failure (HF) in these patients, but glucose-lowering strategies studied to date have had little to no impact on reducing CV risk, especially in patients with a long duration of T2D and prevalent CV disease (CVD). Sodium glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitors are a novel class of anti-hyperglycaemic medications that increase urinary glucose excretion, thus improving glycaemic control independent of insulin. The recently published CV outc...
Source: European Heart Journal - November 17, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Marx, N., McGuire, D. K. Tags: Clinical update Source Type: research

Comparative efficacy of coronary artery bypass surgery vs. percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with diabetes and multivessel coronary artery disease with or without chronic kidney disease
Conclusions Compared to PCI, the effects of CABG on long-term risks for MACCE observed in the FREEDOM trial are preserved among patients with mild to moderate CKD.
Source: European Heart Journal - December 30, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Baber, U., Farkouh, M. E., Arbel, Y., Muntner, P., Dangas, G., Mack, M. J., Hamza, T. H., Mehran, R., Fuster, V. Tags: Clinical trial update Source Type: research

Blood pressure and cardiovascular outcomes in patients with diabetes and high cardiovascular risk
ConclusionsIn patients with diabetes and elevated CV risk, even after extensive adjustment for underlying disease burden, there was a persistent association for low DBP with subclinical myocardial injury and risk of MI.
Source: European Heart Journal - January 31, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Prediction of individual life-years gained without cardiovascular events from lipid, blood pressure, glucose, and aspirin treatment based on data of more than 500  000 patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus
ConclusionCardiovascular disease-free life expectancy and effects of lifelong prevention in terms of CVD-free life-years gained can be estimated for people with T2DM using readily available clinical characteristics. Predictions of individual-level treatment effects facilitate translation of trial results to individual patients.
Source: European Heart Journal - January 9, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research