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Degree of Bystander-Patient Relationship and Prehospital Care for Opioid Overdose.
ConclusionPresence of a proximal bystander during an overdose event is associated with dispatch codes indicative of an overdose and shorter times to naloxone administration compared with those with distal bystanders. These findings offer opportunities for public education and engagement of overdose harm reduction strategies. PMID: 32073921 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Prehospital Emergency Care - February 21, 2020 Category: Endocrinology Tags: Prehosp Emerg Care Source Type: research
Early Cognitive Assessment Following Acute Stroke: Feasibility and Comparison between Mini-Mental State Examination and Montreal Cognitive Assessment
Objectives: Cognitive assessment is not performed routinely in the acute stroke setting. We investigated factors associated with cognitive impairment and the differences between the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) scores in patients with acute stroke. Methods: In this prospective study, 881 consecutive patients (median age, 73 years) with acute stroke were enrolled. Clinical characteristics, such as education, vascular risk factors, premorbid cognitive status using the Informant Questionnaire on Cognitive Decline in the Elderly (IQCODE), and stroke severity, were assessed.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - February 14, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Satoshi Suda, Kanako Muraga, Akiko Ishiwata, Takuya Nishimura, Junya Aoki, Takuya Kanamaru, Kentaro Suzuki, Yuki Sakamoto, Takehiro Katano, Koichiro Nagai, Seira Hatake, Sera Satoi, Noriko Matsumoto, Chikako Nito, Yasuhiro Nishiyama, Masahiro Mishina, Kaz Source Type: research
Vascular Cellular Adhesion Molecule-1 (VCAM-1) and Memory Impairment in African-Americans after Small Vessel-Type Stroke
We examined whether inflammatory/endothelial dysfunction biomarkers are associated with cognition after SVS in AAs. Methods: Biomarkers were obtained in 24 subjects (median age 56.5 years, 54% women, median 12 years education). Cognition was assessed more than 6 weeks poststroke using the memory composite score (MCS), which was generated using recall from the Hopkins Verbal Learning Test-II and Brief Visuospatial Memory Test-Revised.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - February 14, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Nada El Husseini, Cheryl Bushnell, Candice M. Brown, Deborah Attix, Natalia S. Rost, Gregory P. Samsa, Carol A. Colton, Larry B. Goldstein Source Type: research
Extinction of cognitive associations is preserved in patients with cerebellar disease.
Abstract In the present study extinction and renewal of cognitive associations were assessed in two experiments in participants with focal and degenerative cerebellar disease. Using a predictive learning task, participants had to learn by trial and error the relationships between food items and the occurrence of stomach trouble in a hypothetical patient. In the first experiment, focus was on renewal effects. Participants with chronic cerebellar stroke (n = 14; mean age 50.9 ± 12 years), participants with degenerative cerebellar disease (n = 16; mean age 58 ± 12 years), age-, sex-, and education matched controls ...
Source: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory - February 13, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Steiner KM, Jansen S, Adeishvili N, Hulst T, Ernst TM, Müller O, Wondzinski E, Göricke SL, Siebler M, Uengoer M, Timmann D Tags: Neurobiol Learn Mem Source Type: research
Effects of a Comprehensive Reminder System Based on the Health Belief Model for Patients Who Have Had a Stroke on Health Behaviors, Blood Pressure, Disability, and Recurrence From Baseline to 6 Months: A Randomized Controlled Trial
Conclusion The comprehensive reminder system improved patients' health behaviors and medication adherence and reduced blood pressure and disability; the effect extended to 6 months after discharge.
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing - February 12, 2020 Category: Nursing Tags: ARTICLES: Stroke Source Type: research
STEPS-T Program Improves Endovascular Treatment Outcomes of Acute Ischemic Stroke; A 6-Year Study
Conclusions: Significant improvements were observed following the deployment of a quality initiative enabling iterative evidence-based process improvements, thereby sustaining significant reductions in time-to-treat and improved clinical outcomes for AIS patients.
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - February 12, 2020 Category: Neurology Source Type: research
IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 1164: Non-Exercise Based Estimation of Cardiorespiratory Fitness Mediates Associations between Comorbidities and Health-Related Quality of Life in Older Korean Adults with Diabetes
This study investigated whether non-exercise-based estimation of cardiorespiratory fitness (eCRF) mediates the association between health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and comorbidities in older Korean adults with diabetes. A total of 1371 Korean adults (56% women) aged 60 years and older with diabetes was drawn from those who participated in the 2008&ndash;2011 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys IV and V. Data on comorbidities included hypertension, heart disease (acute myocardial infarction or angina), stroke, arthritis, and chronic renal disease. HRQoL was assessed using the EuroQoL group,...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - February 12, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Lee Kim Kang Tags: Article Source Type: research
The assessment of severe lexical disorders in Italian individuals with aphasia
AbstractTests and batteries used in the evaluation of language impairments are overly complex and often ineffective (too difficult) in the assessment of post-stroke patients affected by severe aphasia (global aphasia). The present study reports details on the construction and standardization of a new Italian battery of tasks, specifically designed to assess severe lexical disorders in acquired aphasia (Battery for the Assessment of Severe Acquired Lexical Damage in Italian, BASALDI). The battery is composed of a common set of 64 stimuli (concrete nouns), belonging to both living and non-living categories, and consists of f...
Source: Neurological Sciences - February 12, 2020 Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Does Adherence to Mediterranean Diet Mediate the Association Between Food Environment and Obesity Among Non-Hispanic Black and White Older US Adults? A Path Analysis.
CONCLUSION: Population-tailored interventions/policies to modify food environment and promote MD consumption are needed in order to combat the obesity crisis in the United States. PMID: 32048856 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: American Journal of Health Promotion : AJHP - February 12, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Chen M, Howard V, Harrington KF, Creger T, Judd SE, Fontaine KR Tags: Am J Health Promot Source Type: research
Establishment of a Risk Prediction Model for Mild Cognitive Impairment Among Elderly Chinese
ConclusionsThis model performs an effective prediction that may be applied to the primary prevention for patients with MCI, helping to reduce the risk of MCI.
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - February 12, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
Spirituality and resilience among family caregivers of survivors of stroke: A scoping review.
CONCLUSIONS: Spirituality and resilience following stroke are essential factors in caregiver adjustment following stroke. Further research with a focus on causality and the link between spirituality, resilience and adjustment in this population is needed. PMID: 32039873 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - February 11, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research
A Rare Case Report Of Dabigatran Induced Oral Ulcers.
CONCLUSION: Patient education and counselling should be done regarding this side effect of dabigatran and proper intake of this medicine. PMID: 32048978 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Current Drug Safety - February 11, 2020 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Singh A, Prabha N, Yadav H Tags: Curr Drug Saf Source Type: research
Aphasia disrupts usual care: the stroke team's perceptions of delivering healthcare to patients with aphasia.
Conclusions: Aphasia disrupts usual care. Health professionals want to help but are working in a non-optimal environment where communication and patient-centred care are not adequately resourced.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONCurrent hospital systems and ward culture make it difficult to offer patient-centred care to patients with aphasia.Health professionals want to help patients with aphasia but are working in an environment where patient-provider communication is not adequately resourced.As a result, health professionals dread, limit or avoid talking with patients with aphasia.Health professionals need support which may...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - February 11, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Carragher M, Steel G, O'Halloran R, Torabi T, Johnson H, Taylor NF, Rose M Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research
3-Month Outcome of Ischemic Stroke Patients Underwent Thrombolytic Therapy; a Cohort Study.
Conclusion: There was no significant correlation between 3-month disabilities of stroke patients underwent thrombolytic therapy and age, sex, time from initiation of symptoms, or vital signs on admission. Patients with a blood sugar lower than 144 had better 3-month outcome. PMID: 32021987 [PubMed]
Source: Accident and Emergency Nursing - February 7, 2020 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Sari Aslani P, Rezaeian S, Safari E Tags: Arch Acad Emerg Med Source Type: research
15-Year lipid profile effects on cardiovascular events adjusted for cardiovascular risk factors: a cohort study from Middle-East.
Conclusions: Dyslipidaemia, as an independent risk factor, was associated with future cardiovascular events. In this regard, serum lipid screening can help to decrease the risk of long-term cardiovascular events. PMID: 32019473 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Acta Cardiologica - February 7, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Acta Cardiol Source Type: research
Cells to Society: Year of the Nurse / Global Impact
This study establishes baseline sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of hospitalized patients in Nepal who were experiencing heart failure. Read more Maternal Health ...
Source: Johns Hopkins University and Health Systems Archive - February 6, 2020 Category: Nursing Source Type: news
Effects of an integrated transitional care program for stroke survivors living in a rural community: a randomized controlled trial.
CONCLUSION: The transitional care program has been proven to be feasible and improve health-related outcomes. PMID: 32026701 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical Rehabilitation - February 6, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Deng A, Yang S, Xiong R Tags: Clin Rehabil Source Type: research
Mobile-ECG screening in rural pharmacies: Rates of atrial fibrillation and associated risk factors
DiscussionCollectively, an alarming rate of untreated stroke risk in a rural pharmacy sample was identified by the researchers utilizing mECG technology. These results suggest potential value to the use of mECG technology to screen for AFib in at-risk communities.
Source: Heart and Lung: The Journal of Acute and Critical Care - February 2, 2020 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
The Hospital Zambrano Hellion venous thromboembolism rapid response team (PREVENTION-team): Improving pulmonary embolism and deep venous thrombosis patient care.
Abstract Background: Fast-track worldwide reperfusion programs improve outcomes in ST-elevation myocardial infarction and stroke. Similar programs called Program Evaluation and Review Technique (PERT) focus on submassive and massive pulmonary embolism (PE) excluding deep venous thrombosis (DVT). Methods: PREVENTION-team (Hospital Zambrano Hellion Venous Thromboembolism [VTE] Rapid Response). Primary objective: Fast-track stratification, diagnostics, and treatment (60-90 min) to improve proximal DVT and submassive and massive PE patients care. Secondary objectives: Increase diagnosis rate of low-risk...
Source: Archivos de Cardiologia de Mexico - February 1, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Toro-Mijares RD, Jerjes-Sánchez C, Rodríguez D, Panneflek J, Vázquez-Guajardo M, Fabiani MA, Quintanilla J, Manautou L, Peña-Almaguer E, Cadena A, Cassagne G, Torre-Amione G Tags: Arch Cardiol Mex Source Type: research
Providing Stroke and Hypertension Education in Amharic for Ethiopian Persons Living in Dallas, Texas, United States.
CONCLUSION: This study did not show a statistically significant increase in knowledge about stroke when presented learning materials in subjects' native language compared to in English. The use of video to present stroke and stroke-risk educational content can be used in future research and global health initiatives to increase stroke knowledge in the Amharic-speaking community. PMID: 32024741 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Creative Nursing - February 1, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Gebreyohanns M, Onuigbo CC, Ali A, Stutzman SE, Olson DM Tags: Creat Nurs Source Type: research
Incidence, clinical characteristics, and risk factors of peripartum cardiomyopathy in Nigeria: results from the PEACE Registry
ConclusionsIn Nigeria, the burden of PPCM was greatest in the North –West zone, which has the highest known incidence. PPCM was predicted by sociodemographic factors and pre‐eclampsia, which should be considered in its control at population level. Postpartum customary birth practices and Hausa–Fulani ethnicity were not associated with PPCM in Nigeria.
Source: ESC Heart Failure - January 28, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: K.M. Karaye, N.A. Ishaq, H. Sa'idu, S.A. Balarabe, M.A. Talle, M.S. Isa, U.G. Adamu, H. Umar, H.I. Okolie, M.N. Shehu, I.Y. Mohammed, B. Sanni, O.S. Ogah, I. Oboirien, E.M. Umuerri, A.C. Mankwe, V.Y. Shidali, P. Njoku, S. Dodiyi ‐Manue Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research
Pulse Health ’s Pulse Engagement Cloud Platform Leverages SMS To...
The life science technology company drives significant consumer interaction and education around stroke awareness utilizing SMS engagement.(PRWeb January 27, 2020)Read the full story at https://www.prweb.com/releases/pulse_healths_pulse_engagement_cloud_platform_leverages_sms_to_increase_stroke_awareness/prweb16856728.htm
Source: PRWeb: Medical Pharmaceuticals - January 27, 2020 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news
Clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes among stroke patients hospitalized to Nekemte referral hospital, western Ethiopia
ConclusionAbout two third of the patients had poor treatment outcome. Educational status and mean length of hospital stays were independent predictors of poor treatment out-comes. An emergency care setup capable of early patient evaluation, identification and management of stroke complications is crucial to overcome early stroke related mortality.
Source: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience - January 25, 2020 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Knowledge about modifiable risk factors for non-communicable diseases adults living with HIV in Rwanda
Conclusion: The current study findings highlight the need for comprehensive health education, to raise awareness of non-communicable diseases ’ risk factors for adults living with HIV in Rwanda.Keywords: Non-communicable diseases, Risk factors, HIV infection, Knowledge, Rwanda.
Source: African Health Sciences - January 23, 2020 Category: African Health Source Type: research
Rate and Determinants of Recurrence at 1 Year and 5 Years After Stroke in a Low-Income Population in Rural China
Recurrent stroke is becoming an increasingly important public health issue owing to the increased risk of disability and death. However, population-based studies investigating the rate of recurrent stroke in China are rare. We explored the rate and determinants of recurrent stroke within 1 and 5 years after the initial stroke in a rural population in China. Data for stroke events were obtained from the Tianjin Brain Study, conducted between 1992 and 2016. The age-standardized rates of recurrent stroke within the first year and the first 5 years after the initial stroke were calculated for this period. Determinants of recur...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - January 23, 2020 Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Is bilingualism protective for adults with aphasia?
Publication date: Available online 20 January 2020Source: NeuropsychologiaAuthor(s): Maria Dekhtyar, Swathi Kiran, Teresa GrayAbstractThe bilingual advantage proposes that bilingual individuals have enhanced cognitive control compared to their monolingual counterparts. Bilingualism has also been shown to contribute to cognitive reserve by offsetting the behavioral presentation of brain injury or neural degeneration. However, this effect has not been closely examined in individuals with post-stroke or post-TBI aphasia. Because bilingualism has been suggested as a factor of cognitive reserve, it may provide protective mechan...
Source: Neuropsychologia - January 21, 2020 Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Burden faced by caregivers of stroke patients who attend rural-based medical teaching hospital in western India
Conclusions: A structured and targeted caregiver intervention is urgently needed to relieve caregivers' burden and related psychological comorbidities in an Indian setup.
Source: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology - January 21, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Bhavin Mandowara Alpa N Patel Amee A Amin Ajay Phatak Soaham Desai Source Type: research
Massachusetts Defies U.S. Trend With Binge Drinkers Drinking Less, Study Shows
(CNN) — Adults in the United States who binge drink are consuming even more alcohol per binging episode, according to a new study published Thursday by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Researchers analyzed data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System over a six-year period and discovered that the annual number of binge drinks among adults who reported excessive drinking jumped on average from 472 in 2011 to 529 in 2017. That’s a 12% increase. In 2017, the number of binge drinks per year among adult binge drinkers ranged from 320 per year in Massachusetts to 1,219 in Wyoming. The nu...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - January 18, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Health – CBS Boston Tags: Boston News Health Syndicated CBSN Boston Binge Drinking CNN Massachusetts News Source Type: news
Advancing mediation analysis in occupational health research
In recent years, mediation analysis has become a popular means to identify and quantify pathways linking an exposure to an outcome, thereby elucidating how a particular exposure contributes to the occurrence of a specific outcome. When a mediator is a modifiable risk factor, this opens up new opportunities for interventions to block (part) of the exposure`s effect on the outcome. Recent examples in Scandinavian Journal of Work Environment Health have addressed the mediating effect of wellbeing on the association between type of office and job satisfaction (1) and examined whether workplace social capital contributes to the...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health - January 17, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Editorial Source Type: research
Integration of an Actor-Critic Model and Generative Adversarial Networks for a Chinese Calligraphy Robot
Publication date: Available online 16 January 2020Source: NeurocomputingAuthor(s): Ruiqi Wu, Changle Zhou, Fei Chao, Longzhi Yang, Chih-Min Lin, Changjing ShangAbstractAs a combination of robotic motion planning and Chinese calligraphy culture, robotic calligraphy plays a significant role in the inheritance and education of Chinese calligraphy culture. Most existing calligraphy robots focus on enabling the robots to learn writing through human participation, such as human-robot interactions and manually designed evaluation functions. However, because of the subjectivity of art aesthetics, these existing methods require a l...
Source: Neurocomputing - January 16, 2020 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Medication adherence in stroke patients in Brunei Darussalam Public Hospital: the cross ‐sectional study associated with chronic diseases, life style and potential barriers
ConclusionsThe high adherence rates in this study may be due to the good facilities of Brunei healthcare system, patients ’ increased concerns about their health, good education provided regarding their medications and family members in reminding them to take their medications.
Source: Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Services Research - January 11, 2020 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Yeng Kwong Han, Rajan Rajabalaya, Dk Hajah Norazieda Binti Pg Hj Mohammad Yassin, Sheba R. David Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
Recovery in My Lens: A Study on Stroke Vlogs.
In this study, we analyzed 246 such YouTube vlogs to better understand this new form of patient story-telling and its value to vloggers, viewers, as well as healthcare professionals. We found that vlogging helps stroke patients overcome physical and speech constraints to self-journal, and to connect with other people online. Based on these findings, we discuss how future health systems may leverage vlogs to design self-tracking technologies, to generate patient health data, and to offer patient-centered education. PMID: 30815173 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Source: AMIA Annual Symposium Proceedings - January 9, 2020 Category: Bioinformatics Tags: AMIA Annu Symp Proc Source Type: research
Academic outcome in pediatric ischemic stroke.
Abstract An important cause of acquired brain injury in children, pediatric ischemic stroke can cause sequelae across a wide range of cognitive domains, including verbal reasoning and processing speed. As a result, survivors are especially vulnerable to academic difficulties and face unique challenges compared to their peers. Despite this knowledge, pediatric stroke remains an understudied neurological condition, and its impact on school functioning poorly understood. The present clinical study addressed academic outcome in this population using a multifaceted approach. Patients were recruited for participation fr...
Source: Child Neuropsychology - January 9, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Champigny CM, Deotto A, Westmacott R, Dlamini N, Desrocher M Tags: Child Neuropsychol Source Type: research
Discriminative factors for post-stroke depression.
CONCLUSIONS: Rehabilitation experts working with patients with stroke should pay special attention to trunk control and basic activities of daily living for preventing consequences of PSD particularly in those with higher educational level and cardiac diseases. PMID: 31901586 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - January 8, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research
Psychosocial and behavioral characteristics of still smokers at 6 months after acute cerebro or cardiovascular events: Findings from INEV@L, a prospective pilot study
ConclusionOur pilot study in young workers highlights the low rate of smoking cessation, and generalized dual use of electronic + conventional cigarette at mid-term after acute MI or stroke. Our findings further suggest specific PSF pattern of non-quitters, associated with loss of perceived disease severity.
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements - January 7, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Disrupted biographies: making sense of minor stroke after hospital discharge.
Conclusions: Although participants had different experiences of minor stroke, there were common elements. The first weeks post-hospital discharge were a time of questioning and reconciling the stroke for many participants. Adjusting to post-stroke impairments and the impact of these on social participation was also prominent. There is a critical need for education about what to expect prior to discharge from hospital with minor stroke and a designated discharge pathway to avoid the development of secondary post-stroke issues in the community.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONPeople with minor stroke may experience ongoing pos...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - January 7, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Finch E, Foster M, Fleming J Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research
Gen X Women Get Less Sleep Than Any Other Generation. What ’s Keeping Them Up?
In the middle of the night, I wake up feeling warm. I open the window and pull my hair back into a ponytail and drink some water. Then I glance at my phone, delete a few things, and see some spam. I hit unsubscribe and go back to bed. Then I lie there thinking, What if by opening that spam email I got myself hacked? What if I just sent everyone in my contact list a Burger King ad at two in the morning? Now wide awake, I move on to other concerns: my parents’ health, my stepson’s college tuition, pending deadlines. Hours roll by. I tackle real-life math problems: how many weeks I have before getting my next free...
Source: TIME: Health - January 6, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Ada Calhoun Tags: Uncategorized Gen X healthy sleep insomnia Source Type: news
A systematic overview of systematic reviews evaluating medication adherence interventions.
Conclusions regarding intervention effectiveness were extracted. Grades of Recommendation, Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) methodology was applied to assess evidence quality. RESULTS: Of 390 SRs, 25 met the inclusion criteria and assessed adherence as a primary outcome. Intervention types most consistently found to be effective were dose simplification, patient education, electronic reminders to patients, and reduced patient cost sharing or incentives. Of 50 conclusions drawn by the SRs, the underlying evidence was low or very low quality for 45 SRs. CONCLUSION: Despite an abundance of primary stud...
Source: American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy : AJHP - January 4, 2020 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Anderson LJ, Nuckols TK, Coles C, Le MM, Schnipper JL, Shane R, Jackevicius C, Lee J, Pevnick JM, Members of the PHARM-DC Group Tags: Am J Health Syst Pharm Source Type: research
Effects of a Comprehensive Reminder System Based on the Health Belief Model for Patients Who Have Had a Stroke on Health Behaviors, Blood Pressure, Disability, and Recurrence From Baseline to 6 Months: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
CONCLUSION: The comprehensive reminder system improved patients' health behaviors and medication adherence and reduced blood pressure and disability; the effect extended to 6 months after discharge. PMID: 31904693 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing - January 3, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Wang MY, Shen MJ, Wan LH, Mo MM, Wu Z, Li LL, Neidlinger SH Tags: J Cardiovasc Nurs Source Type: research
The prevalence of stroke according to indoor radon concentration in South Koreans: Nationwide cross section study
This study combines 2 nationwide studies. Demographic characteristics and medical history of participants were obtained from Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) from 2007 to 2012. Participants over 40 years old and who completed the questionnaire were included in the study. Indoor radon concentration was analyzed using the mean value of winter housing radon concentration from 2012 to 2016 published by the National Institute of Environmental Research. The average values of each metropolitan city and province were assigned to the residence of the participant. To eliminate the potential confoundi...
Source: Medicine - January 1, 2020 Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research
Does a Mobile app improve patients ’ knowledge of stroke risk factors and health-related quality of life in patients with stroke? A randomized controlled trial
Developing a stroke health-education mobile app (SHEMA) and examining its effectiveness on improvement of knowledge of stroke risk factors and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in patients with stroke.
Source: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making - December 21, 2019 Category: Information Technology Authors: Yi-No Kang, Hsiu-Nien Shen, Chia-Yun Lin, Glyn Elwyn, Szu-Chi Huang, Tsung-Fu Wu and Wen-Hsuan Hou Tags: Research article Source Type: research
Knowledge and perceptions about perioperative stroke: a cross-sectional survey of patients scheduled for non-neurologic and non-cardiac surgery
ConclusionsPatients at higher risk of stroke frequently underestimate their risk of perioperative stroke. The majority of patients had not discussed perioperative stroke prior to anesthetic consultation.
Source: Canadian Journal of Anesthesia - December 18, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
Race, Socioeconomic Status, and Gastrostomy after Spontaneous Intracerebral Hemorrhage
Introduction: Spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage is a disabling form of stroke, and some patients will require nutritional interventions for dysphagia. We sought to determine if socioeconomic status indicators mediate whether minorities undergo gastrostomy tube placement. Materials and Methods: Patients with spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage were enrolled in a single center, observational cohort study from 2010 to 2017. A socioeconomic index score was imputed using neighborhood characteristics by patients ’ ZIP code, according to an established method utilizing 6 indicators of wealth/income, education, and occupation.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - December 12, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Roxanna M. Garcia, Shyam Prabhakaran, Christopher T. Richards, Andrew M. Naidech, Matthew B. Maas Source Type: research
The Effect of Home Care for Stroke Patients and Education of Caregivers on the Caregiver Burden and Quality of Life.
This study results indicated that home care provided for stroke patients and education of caregivers decreased the caregiver burden and increased their quality of life. PMID: 31819329 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Acta Clinica Croatica - December 11, 2019 Category: General Medicine Tags: Acta Clin Croat Source Type: research
Novel insights into stroke pain beliefs and perceptions.
Conclusion: These findings emphasize differences in the beliefs and perceptions associated with pain after stroke, supporting the value of targeted attention from research and therapy perspectives. Significant differences in the pain experienced by stroke and non-stroke groups may reflect a poor understanding of chronic pain following stroke. Future educational programs for stroke survivors should be tailored. Targets for future educational interventions are identified and include causes of pain, an understanding of its behavior and potential for improved prognosis. PMID: 31821126 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - December 10, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Haslam BS, Butler DS, Carey LM Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research
Direct Cost Related to Stroke: A Longitudinal Analysis of Survivors After Discharge From a Rehabilitation Hospital
Conclusion In the first poststroke year, direct costs have remained stable over time and can be predicted by the level of education and physical functioning. The identification of specific direct cost predictors would be helpful for developing more socially and economically tailored interventions for stroke survivors in their first year after their stroke.
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing - December 7, 2019 Category: Nursing Tags: ARTICLES: Outcomes Source Type: research
Direct Cost Related to Stroke: A Longitudinal Analysis of Survivors After Discharge From a Rehabilitation Hospital.
CONCLUSION: In the first poststroke year, direct costs have remained stable over time and can be predicted by the level of education and physical functioning. The identification of specific direct cost predictors would be helpful for developing more socially and economically tailored interventions for stroke survivors in their first year after their stroke. PMID: 31804249 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing - December 7, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Pucciarelli G, Rebora P, Arisido MW, Ausili D, Simeone S, Vellone E, Alvaro R Tags: J Cardiovasc Nurs Source Type: research
Use of health services by elderly people post-stroke: a randomized controlled trial.
CONCLUSION: The great use of outpatient service by the IG demonstrates the effectiveness of nursing educational intervention focused on health care network after discharge. PMID: 31800798 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Revista gaucha de enfermagem EENFUFRGS - December 6, 2019 Category: Nursing Tags: Rev Gaucha Enferm Source Type: research
Validation of a New Cognitive Screening Method for Stroke Patients.
Conclusions: This study shows promising results for this new cognitive screening tool's ability to identify poststroke cognitive decline and patients' need for further detailed neuropsychological examination. PMID: 31781293 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Behavioural Neurology - December 1, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Saar K, Nyrkkö H, Tolvanen A, Kuikka P, Poutiainen E, Aro T Tags: Behav Neurol Source Type: research