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Total 36 results found since Jan 2013.

Janssen to Present the Strength and Promise of its Hematologic Malignancies Portfolio and Pipeline at ASH 2021
RARITAN, N.J., November 4, 2021 – The Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson & Johnson announced today that more than 45 company-sponsored abstracts, including 11 oral presentations, plus more than 35 investigator-initiated studies will be featured at the American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting and Exposition. ASH is taking place at the Georgia World Congress Center in Atlanta and virtually from December 11-14, 2021.“We are committed to advancing the science and treatment of hematologic malignancies and look forward to presenting the latest research from our robust portfolio and pipeline during ASH...
Source: Johnson and Johnson - November 5, 2021 Category: Pharmaceuticals Tags: Innovation Source Type: news

New Phase 3 Data Suggest Positive Effect and Show Similar Safety with XARELTO ® (rivaroxaban) Compared to Aspirin in Pediatric Fontan Procedure Patients at Risk for Blood Clots and Blood Clot-Related Events
RARITAN, NJ, September 27, 2021 – The Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson & Johnson announced today new data from the Phase 3 UNIVERSE study showing treatment with XARELTO® (rivaroxaban) in an oral suspension formulation, compared to treatment with aspirin, was associated with numerically fewer blood clots and clinical events strongly associated with blood clots in pediatric patients (aged 2-8 years) who have undergone the Fontan procedure. [1] These findings, which were published this month in the Journal of the American Heart Association and included in a recent New Drug Application submitted to the U.S. F...
Source: Johnson and Johnson - September 27, 2021 Category: Pharmaceuticals Tags: Innovation Source Type: news

FDA Approves Expanded Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD) Indication for XARELTO ® (rivaroxaban) Plus Aspirin to Include Patients After Lower-Extremity Revascularization (LER) Due to Symptomatic PAD
RARITAN, N.J., August 24, 2021 – The Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson & Johnson today announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved an expanded peripheral artery disease (PAD) indication for the XARELTO® (rivaroxaban) vascular dose (2.5 mg twice daily plus aspirin 100 mg once daily) to include patients following recent lower-extremity revascularization (LER) due to symptomatic PAD. The approval is based on data from the Phase 3 VOYAGER PAD study. With this approval, XARELTO® is the first and only therapy indicated to help reduce the risks of major cardiovascular (CV) events in p...
Source: Johnson and Johnson - August 24, 2021 Category: Pharmaceuticals Tags: Innovation Source Type: news

Janssen Submits New Drug Application to U.S. FDA for XARELTO ® (rivaroxaban) to Help Prevent and Treat Blood Clots in Pediatric Patients
RARITAN, NJ, June 23, 2021 – The Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson & Johnson announced today it has submitted a New Drug Application (NDA) to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the use of XARELTO® (rivaroxaban) in pediatric patients. The NDA seeks two pediatric indications: treatment of venous thromboembolism (VTE, or blood clots) and reduction in the risk of recurrent VTE in patients aged birth to less than 18 years of age after at least five days of initial parenteral anticoagulant treatment; and thromboprophylaxis (prevention of blood clots) in patients aged 2 years and older with congenita...
Source: Johnson and Johnson - June 23, 2021 Category: Pharmaceuticals Tags: Innovation Source Type: news

Late-Breaking Data at ACC.21 Show XARELTO ® (rivaroxaban) Plus Aspirin Significantly Reduced Total Ischemic Events in Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD) Patients After Lower-Extremity Revascularization
RARITAN, N.J., May 16, 2021 – The Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson & Johnson today presented new data from the Phase 3 VOYAGER PAD study which showed XARELTO® (rivaroxaban) (2.5 mg twice daily) in combination with aspirin (100 mg once daily) consistently reduced severe vascular events in patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD) after lower-extremity revascularization (LER) compared to aspirin alone regardless of whether it was the first, second, third, or subsequent event. The primary results of VOYAGER PAD showed that XARELTO® plus aspirin reduced first events by 15 percent among patients with PAD ...
Source: Johnson and Johnson - May 16, 2021 Category: Pharmaceuticals Tags: Innovation Source Type: news

Benefits and Risks of Prolonged Duration Dual Antiplatelet Therapy (Clopidogrel and Aspirin) after Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in High-Risk Patients with Diabetes Mellitus
The efficacy and safety of prolonged (>1-year) dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) duration in high-risk patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) undergoing PCI remain unknown. All patients undergoing PCI at Fuwai hospital between January 2013 and December 2013 were prospectively enrolled into the Fuwai PCI registry. 3696 high-risk diabetics patients with at least one additional atherothrombotic risk factor were screened for inclusion. The primary efficacy outcome was the composite of all-cause mortality, myocardial infarction, or stroke.
Source: The American Journal of Cardiology - December 4, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Hao-Yu Wang, Zhong-Xing Cai, Dong Yin, Yue-Jin Yang, Wei-Hua Song, Ke-Fei Dou Source Type: research

New XARELTO ® (rivaroxaban) Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD) Data from EXPLORER Clinical Research Program to be Unveiled at American Heart Association (AHA) Scientific Sessions 2020
RARITAN, N.J., November 9, 2020 – The Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson & Johnson today announced that 10 data presentations will be shared at the virtual American Heart Association (AHA) Scientific Sessions 2020 from November 13-17. Most notably, four new sub-analyses of XARELTO® (rivaroxaban) from the landmark VOYAGER PAD trial, part of the EXPLORER global cardiovascular research program, will be presented, including two live, featured science oral presentations. “We're pleased VOYAGER PAD was selected to be front and center once again at a major medical congress, as there's an urgent need for data in ...
Source: Johnson and Johnson - November 9, 2020 Category: Pharmaceuticals Tags: Innovation Source Type: news

Janssen Submits Application to U.S. FDA for New Indication to Expand Use of XARELTO ® (rivaroxaban) in Patients with Peripheral Artery Disease
RARITAN, NJ, October 26, 2020 – The Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson & Johnson announced today it has submitted a supplemental New Drug Application (sNDA) to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for a new indication to expand the use of XARELTO® (rivaroxaban) in patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD). If approved, this new indication for the XARELTO® vascular dose (2.5 mg twice daily plus aspirin 75-100 mg once daily) would include reducing the risk of major thrombotic vascular events such as heart attack, stroke and amputation in patients after recent lower-extremity revascularization, a c...
Source: Johnson and Johnson - October 26, 2020 Category: Pharmaceuticals Tags: Innovation Source Type: news

Clopidogrel increases risk of pneumonia compared with aspirin in acute ischemic minor stroke patients
AbstractAntiplatelet agents may increase the risk of infections via suppressing platelet-mediated immune response. Here we assessed the contribution of clopidogrel versus aspirin to the development of pneumonia during an acute ischemic stroke admission. A retrospective cohort study was conducted of acute ischemic stroke patients who were admitted to our hospital from 2015 to 2018. Included patients received uninterrupted clopidogrel or aspirin therapy and did not take other antiplatelet agents throughout their stay. The interest outcome was development of pneumonia after stroke. Conditional logistic regression model after ...
Source: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis - October 9, 2020 Category: Hematology Source Type: research

Landmark Phase 3 VOYAGER PAD Study of XARELTO ® (rivaroxaban) Plus Aspirin Shows Significant Benefit in Patients with Symptomatic Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD) after Lower-Extremity Revascularization
RARITAN, NJ, March 28, 2020 – The Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson & Johnson today announced the VOYAGER PAD study met its primary efficacy and principal safety endpoints, demonstrating the XARELTO® (rivaroxaban) vascular dose (2.5 mg twice daily) plus aspirin (100 mg once daily) was superior to aspirin alone in reducing the risk of major adverse limb and cardiovascular (CV) events by 15 percent in patients with symptomatic peripheral artery disease (PAD) after lower-extremity revascularization, with similar rates of TIMI[1] major bleeding. VOYAGER PAD is the only study to show a significant benefit using...
Source: Johnson and Johnson - March 28, 2020 Category: Pharmaceuticals Tags: Innovation Source Type: news

Janssen Highlights Continued Commitment to Cardiovascular & Metabolic Healthcare Solutions with Late-Breaking Data at the First Fully Virtual American College of Cardiology Scientific Session
RARITAN, N.J., March 20, 2020 – The Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson & Johnson announced today that it will unveil late-breaking data from its leading cardiovascular and metabolism portfolio during the virtual American College of Cardiology’s 69th Annual Scientific Session together with the World Congress of Cardiology (ACC.20/WCC) on March 28-30, 2020. Notably, four late-breaking abstracts for XARELTO® (rivaroxaban) will be presented, including data from the Phase 3 VOYAGER PAD study in patients with symptomatic peripheral artery disease (PAD) after lower-extremity revascularization.Click to Tweet: Jan...
Source: Johnson and Johnson - March 20, 2020 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

Secondary prevention of acute coronary syndrome with antiplatelet agents in real life: a high-dimensional propensity score matched cohort study in the French National claims database
This study was done in a newly available large-scale claims database, which may differ from other population databases, by it size and exhaustiveness•The methods elaborate on standard high-dimensional propensity scores as adapted to this claims databaseGraphical abstract
Source: MethodsX - January 24, 2020 Category: Science Source Type: research

Effects of cigarette smoking on older chinese men treated with clopidogrel monotherapy or aspirin monotherapy: a prospective study.
Authors: Cai Y, Xu W, Liu H, Wang F, Duan L, Li H, Li M, Li Y, Han L, Xiao H Abstract We investigated the comparative effects of smoking status on outcomes in older Chinese men receiving aspirin or clopidogrel monotherapy. This was a prospective observational study of outcomes in 668 men aged ≥ 60 years undergoing annual health examination in the Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital from March-April 2017. All patients received regular treatment with aspirin or clopidogrel. Platelet aggregation and phenotyping for rs762551 were measured in all patients. We recorded all major adverse cardiovascular an...
Source: Platelets - September 28, 2019 Category: Hematology Tags: Platelets Source Type: research

Effectiveness of Only Aspirin or Clopidogrel Following Percutaneous Left Atrial Appendage Closure
Percutaneous left atrial appendage closure (LAAC) offers a feasible option for stroke prevention in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), but the optimal antithrombotic treatment strategy for patients with strict contraindications to oral anticoagulation (OAC) remains uncertain. We sought to evaluate short- and long-term outcome after percutaneous LAAC in these very patients discharged on single antiplatelet therapy (SAPT) alone. All consenting AF patients who underwent LAAC from February 2009 to August 2018 in Turku University Hospital, Finland, were enrolled into a prospectively maintained registry.
Source: The American Journal of Cardiology - September 25, 2019 Category: Cardiology Authors: Jussi-Pekka Pouru, Samuli Jaakkola, Juha Lund, Fausto Biancari, Antti Saraste, K. E. Juhani Airaksinen Source Type: research

Dual antiplatelet therapy using cilostazol for secondary prevention in patients with high-risk ischaemic stroke in Japan: a multicentre, open-label, randomised controlled trial
Publication date: June 2019Source: The Lancet Neurology, Volume 18, Issue 6Author(s): Kazunori Toyoda, Shinichiro Uchiyama, Takenori Yamaguchi, J Donald Easton, Kazumi Kimura, Haruhiko Hoshino, Nobuyuki Sakai, Yasushi Okada, Kortaro Tanaka, Hideki Origasa, Hiroaki Naritomi, Kiyohiro Houkin, Keiji Yamaguchi, Masanori Isobe, Kazuo Minematsu, Shinya Goto, Tatsuya Isomura, Masayasu Matsumoto, Yasuo Terayama, Hidekazu TomimotoSummaryBackgroundAlthough dual antiplatelet therapy with aspirin and clopidogrel reduces early recurrence of ischaemic stroke, with long-term use this type of therapy is no longer effective and the risk of...
Source: The Lancet Neurology - May 22, 2019 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Comparison of prasugrel and clopidogrel in patients with non-cardioembolic ischaemic stroke: a phase 3, randomised, non-inferiority trial (PRASTRO-I)
Publication date: March 2019Source: The Lancet Neurology, Volume 18, Issue 3Author(s): Akira Ogawa, Kazunori Toyoda, Kazuo Kitagawa, Takanari Kitazono, Takehiko Nagao, Hiroshi Yamagami, Shinichiro Uchiyama, Norio Tanahashi, Masayasu Matsumoto, Kazuo Minematsu, Izumi Nagata, Masakatsu Nishikawa, Shinsuke Nanto, Kenji Abe, Yasuo Ikeda, PRASTRO-I Study GroupSummaryBackgroundThe effect of prasugrel in terms of the prevention of recurrence of ischaemic stroke is unknown. We investigated the non-inferiority of prasugrel to clopidogrel for prevention of ischaemic stroke, myocardial infarction, and death from other vascular causes...
Source: The Lancet Neurology - February 14, 2019 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Evaluation of platelet activity by multiple electrode impedance aggregometry in acute coronary syndromes: pilot study in a Brazilian tertiary-care public hospital.
This study suggested that the evaluation of PA in ACS using MEA may identify non-responders to ASA. Larger studies are necessary to define, in a public health scenario, the value of MEA in the management of ACS. PMID: 30652826 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Braz J Med Biol Res - January 10, 2019 Category: Research Authors: De Lorenzo A, Dutra M, Mattos MA, Rey HCV, Tibirica E Tags: Braz J Med Biol Res Source Type: research

Radial versus femoral access and bivalirudin versus unfractionated heparin in invasively managed patients with acute coronary syndrome (MATRIX): final 1-year results of a multicentre, randomised controlled trial
Publication date: Available online 25 August 2018Source: The LancetAuthor(s): Marco Valgimigli, Enrico Frigoli, Sergio Leonardi, Pascal Vranckx, Martina Rothenbühler, Matteo Tebaldi, Ferdinando Varbella, Paolo Calabrò, Stefano Garducci, Paolo Rubartelli, Carlo Briguori, Giuseppe Andó, Maurizio Ferrario, Ugo Limbruno, Roberto Garbo, Paolo Sganzerla, Filippo Russo, Marco Nazzaro, Alessandro Lupi, Bernardo CorteseSummaryBackgroundThe Minimizing Adverse Haemorrhagic Events by Transradial Access Site and Systemic Implementation of Angiox (MATRIX) programme was designed to assess the comparative safety and effectiveness of ra...
Source: The Lancet - August 25, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Effect of Antiplatelet Therapy (Aspirin  + Dipyridamole Versus Clopidogrel) on Mortality Outcome in Ischemic Stroke
The optimal regimen of antiplatelet therapy for secondary prevention in noncardioembolic ischemic stroke remains controversial. We aimed to determine which regimen was associated with the greatest reduction in adverse outcomes. We analysed prospectively collected data from the Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital Stroke Register. The sample population consisted of 3,572 participants (mean age 74.96 ± 12.67) with ischemic stroke, who were consecutively admitted between 2003 and 2015. Patients were placed on one of three antiplatelet regimens at hospital discharge; aspirin monotherapy, aspirin plus dipyridamole and clopidogrel.
Source: The American Journal of Cardiology - July 2, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: Raphae S. Barlas, Yoon K. Loke, Mamas A. Mamas, Joao H Bettencourt-Silva, Isobel Ford, Allan B. Clark, Kristian M. Bowles, Anthony K. Metcalf, John F. Potter, Phyo K. Myint Source Type: research

Effect of Antiplatelet Therapy (Aspirin  + Dipyridamole vs Clopidogrel) on Mortality Outcome in Ischemic Stroke
The optimal regimen of antiplatelet therapy for secondary prevention in noncardioembolic ischemic stroke remains controversial. We aimed to determine which regimen was associated with the greatest reduction in adverse outcomes. We analysed prospectively collected data from the Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital Stroke Register (NNUHSR). The sample population consisted of 3,572 participants (mean age 74.96 ± 12.67) with ischemic stroke, who were consecutively admitted between 2003-2015. Patients were placed on one of three antiplatelet regimens at hospital discharge; aspirin monotherapy, aspirin plus dipyridamole and clopidogrel.
Source: The American Journal of Cardiology - July 2, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: Raphae S. Barlas, Yoon K. Loke, Mamas A. Mamas, Joao H Bettencourt-Silva, Isobel Ford, Allan B. Clark, Kristian M. Bowles, Anthony K. Metcalf, John F. Potter, Phyo K. Myint Source Type: research

Antiplatelet therapy with aspirin, clopidogrel, and dipyridamole versus clopidogrel alone or aspirin and dipyridamole in patients with acute cerebral ischaemia (TARDIS): a randomised, open-label, phase 3 superiority trial
Publication date: Available online 20 December 2017 Source:The Lancet Author(s): Philip M Bath, Lisa J Woodhouse, Jason P Appleton, Maia Beridze, Hanne Christensen, Robert A Dineen, Lelia Duley, Timothy J England, Katie Flaherty, Diane Havard, Stan Heptinstall, Marilyn James, Kailash Krishnan, Hugh S Markus, Alan A Montgomery, Stuart J Pocock, Marc Randall, Annemarei Ranta, Thompson G Robinson, Polly Scutt, Graham S Venables, Nikola Sprigg Background Intensive antiplatelet therapy with three agents might be more effective than guideline treatment for preventing recurrent events in patients with acute cerebral ischaemia. W...
Source: The Lancet - December 21, 2017 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Guided de-escalation of antiplatelet treatment in patients with acute coronary syndrome undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (TROPICAL-ACS): a randomised, open-label, multicentre trial
This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT01959451, and EudraCT, 2013-001636-22. Findings Between Dec 2, 2013, and May 20, 2016, 2610 patients were assigned to study groups; 1304 to the guided de-escalation group and 1306 to the control group. The primary endpoint occurred in 95 patients (7%) in the guided de-escalation group and in 118 patients (9%) in the control group (pnon-inferiority=0·0004; hazard ratio [HR] 0·81 [95% CI 0·62–1·06], psuperiority=0·12). Despite early de-escalation, there was no increase in the combined risk of cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, or stroke in the de-es...
Source: The Lancet - August 29, 2017 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Platelet-related biomarkers and their response to inhibition with aspirin and p2y 12 -receptor antagonists in patients with acute coronary syndrome
AbstractThe PLATelet inhibition and patient Outcomes (PLATO) trial showed that treatment with ticagrelor reduced the rate of death due to vascular causes, myocardial infarction and stroke when compared to clopidogrel in patients with ST-elevation or non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome (ACS). While the comparative benefit of ticagrelor over clopidogrel increased over time, event rates accrued in both groups during the study period. The purpose of our biomarker-based exploratory analysis was to determine whether long-term platelet inhibition may be associated with plateletadaptation. A sample of 4000 participants from t...
Source: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis - June 12, 2017 Category: Hematology Source Type: research

Factors Associated With Initial Prasugrel Versus Clopidogrel Selection for Patients With Acute Myocardial Infarction Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: Insights From the Treatment With ADP Receptor Inhibitors: Longitudinal Assessment of Treatment Patterns and Events After Acute Coronary Syndrome (TRANSLATE-ACS) Study Coronary Heart Disease
We examined patients presenting with acute myocardial infarction treated with percutaneous coronary intervention at 233 US hospitals in the TRANSLATE‐ACS observational study from April 2010 to October 2012. We developed a multivariable logistic regression model to identify factors associated with prasugrel selection. Prasugrel use rates and associated 1‐year risk‐adjusted major adverse cardiovascular events and Global Utilization of Streptokinase and t‐PA for Occluded Coronary Arteries (GUSTO) moderate/severe bleeding outcomes were also examined in relation to predicted mortality and bleeding using the validated Ac...
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - September 22, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Vora, A. N., Peterson, E. D., McCoy, L. A., Effron, M. B., Anstrom, K. J., Faries, D. E., Zettler, M. E., Fonarow, G. C., Baker, B. A., Stone, G. W., Wang, T. Y. Tags: Acute Coronary Syndromes, Coronary Artery Disease Original Research Source Type: research

A randomised trial on platelet function-guided de-escalation of antiplatelet treatment in ACS patients undergoing PCI. Rationale and design of the Testing Responsiveness to Platelet Inhibition on chronic Antiplatelet Treatment for Acute Coronary Syndromes (TROPICAL-ACS) Trial.
ieber J, Mudra H, Hausleiter J, Huber K, Neumann FJ, Koltowski L, Huczek Z, Mehilli J, Massberg S, TROPICAL-ACS Investigators Abstract Outcomes of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) have been significantly improved with the use of potent P2Y12 receptor inhibitors like prasugrel. While most of the ischaemic risk reduction for prasugrel versus clopidogrel was demonstrated in the early treatment period, the risk of bleeding became particularly prominent during the chronic course of therapy. It may therefore be a valid approach to substitute prasugrel for clopido...
Source: Thrombosis and Haemostasis - September 21, 2016 Category: Hematology Authors: Sibbing D, Aradi D, Jacobshagen C, Gross L, Trenk D, Geisler T, Orban M, Gori T, Hadamitzky M, Merkely B, Kiss RG, Komócsi A, Dézsi CA, Thalmeier A, Löw A, Holdt L, Teupser D, Ince H, Felix SB, Parma R, Malek L, Horstkotte J, Baylacher M, Schwinger R, Tags: Thromb Haemost Source Type: research

Better than Aspirin for Your Heart
If you’ve been diagnosed with heart disease, the chances are you’ve been told to take low-dose aspirin every day as a preventative measure against heart attack and stroke. It’s most commonly prescribed for patients with congestive heart failure. This is the inability of your heart to pump as much blood as your body needs. And this is a big worry to me, because there is very little evidence that aspirin helps. In fact, regular use of aspirin — even baby aspirin — can do you more harm than good. Common Aspirin Beliefs The idea is that aspirin thins the blood, making it easier to pump.  It is also s...
Source: Al Sears, MD Natural Remedies - April 1, 2016 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Al Sears Tags: Heart Health Source Type: news

Dual antiplatelet therapy reduces stroke but increases bleeding at the time of carotid endarterectomy
This study examined the effect of preoperative dual antiplatelet therapy (aspirin and clopidogrel) on in-hospital CEA outcomes.
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - February 28, 2016 Category: Surgery Authors: Douglas W. Jones, Philip P. Goodney, Mark F. Conrad, Brian W. Nolan, Eva M. Rzucidlo, Richard J. Powell, Jack L. Cronenwett, David H. Stone Tags: Clinical paper Source Type: research

High residual platelet reactivity (HRPR) for adenosine diphosphate (ADP) stimuli is a determinant factor for long-term outcomes in acute ischemic stroke with anti-platelet agents: The meaning of HRPR after ADP might be more prominent in large atherosclerotic infarction than other subtypes of AIS
In this study, we evaluated the influences of HRPR after ADP stimuli on the 1-year incidence of recurrent cardiovascular events and mortality in AIS with APAs. We conducted an observational, referral center cohort study on 968 AIS patients with APAs from January 2010 to December 2013 who were evaluated using optical platelet aggregometry (OPA). All patients received the dual APA combination of aspirin and clopidogrel or aspirin alone. We evaluated their platelet function 5 days after hospital admission using OPA. HRPR after ADP stimuli was defined as platelet aggregation of 70 % or greater according to OPA after 10 µM ...
Source: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis - December 17, 2015 Category: Hematology Source Type: research

Prior chronic clopidogrel therapy is associated with increased adverse events and early stent thrombosis.
Abstract Despite the growing use of clopidogrel, limited data exist regarding the prognostic significance of chronic clopidogrel therapy in patients sustaining acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Our aim was to determine whether patients sustaining ACS while on chronic clopidogrel therapy have a worse prognosis than clopidogrel-naïve patients. A total of 5,386 consecutive ACS patients were prospectively characterised and followed-up for 30 days. Of them, 680 (13 %) were treated with clopidogrel prior to the index ACS. Major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) were defined as death, recurrent ACS, stroke and/or sten...
Source: Thrombosis and Haemostasis - October 8, 2015 Category: Hematology Authors: Asher E, Fefer P, Sabbag A, Herscovici R, Regev E, Mazin I, Shlomo N, Zahger D, Atar S, Hammerman H, Polak A, Beigel R, Matetzky S, PLATIS (Platelets and Thrombosis in Sheba) Study Group Tags: Thromb Haemost Source Type: research

Antiplatelet therapy in Takotsubo cardiomyopathy: does it improve cardiovascular outcomes during index event?
Abstract Plasma catecholamines may play an important role in Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TCM) pathophysiology. Patients with disproportionately high catecholamine responses to stressful events are prone to worse clinical outcomes. Catecholamines stimulate platelet activation and, therefore, may determine the clinical presentation and outcomes of TCM. We conducted a retrospective, descriptive study TCM patients admitted between 2003 and 2013 to Einstein Medical Center, Philadelphia, PA, USA and Danbury Hospital, Danbury, CT, USA. A total of 206 patients met Modified Mayo TCM criteria. Using a multiple logistic model,...
Source: Heart and Vessels - August 13, 2015 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

The Challenge of Getting it Just Right Optimizing Long-Term Antithrombotic Therapy After Acute Coronary Syndrome ∗
Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is associated with substantial morbidity and mortality (1,2). Initial treatment in the hospital consists of intensive antithrombotic therapy combining parenteral anticoagulation with antiplatelet therapy, whereas secondary prevention relies primarily on dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT), most commonly aspirin and clopidogrel. However, patients with ACS remain at significant risk of recurrent adverse cardiovascular events (3). Mitigation of this risk requires a delicate balance between escalation of antithrombotic therapy to reduce ischemic events, while hoping the increase in bleeding is tolera...
Source: Journal of the American College of Cardiology - August 10, 2015 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Ticagrelor: A Review of Its Use in Adults with Acute Coronary Syndromes
Abstract Ticagrelor (Brilique™, Brilinta®), a cyclopentyl-triazolopyrimidine, is an orally active, reversible, and selective adenosine diphosphate (ADP) receptor antagonist indicated for use in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS). Ticagrelor has a faster onset of action and provides greater inhibition of platelet aggregation than clopidogrel. In the large well-designed, PLATO study in adult patients with ACS, 12 months’ treatment with ticagrelor was more effective than clopidogrel in reducing the incidence of the primary composite endpoint of myocardial infarction, stroke, or cardiovascular (CV) dea...
Source: American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs - February 12, 2015 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Millions of adults skip medications due to their high cost
Medications can do wonderful things, from fighting infection to preventing stroke and warding off depression. But medications don’t work if they aren’t taken. Some people don’t take their medications as prescribed because they forget, or are bothered by side effects. A new report from the National Center for Health Statistics shines the light on another reason: some people can’t pay for their medications. The survey, by NCHS researchers Robin A. Cohen and Maria A. Villarroel, found that about 8% of adult Americans don’t take their medicines as prescribed because they can’t afford them. I...
Source: New Harvard Health Information - January 30, 2015 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Howard LeWine, M.D. Tags: Drugs and Supplements medication costs Source Type: news

Efficacy and Safety of Novel Oral Anticoagulants in Patients with Cervical Artery Dissections
We report on the use, safety, and efficacy of NOACs in the treatment of CAD. Methods: We retrospectively identified patients diagnosed with CAD at a single academic center between January 2010 and August 2013. Patients were categorized by their antithrombotic treatment at hospital discharge with a NOAC (dabigatran, rivaroxaban, or apixaban), traditional anticoagulant (AC: warfarin or treatment dose low-molecular weight heparin), or antiplatelet agent (AP: aspirin, clopidogrel, or aspirin/extended-release dypyridamole). Using appropriate tests, we compared the baseline medical history, presenting clinical symptoms and initi...
Source: Cerebrovascular Diseases - November 12, 2014 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Switching from clopidogrel to prasugrel in patients having coronary stent implantation
Abstract There are very few clinical data concerning the safety of switching from clopidogrel to prasugrel in patients undergoing coronary stenting. However, in the daily activity, clinicians face the decision of switching patients at high-risk of thrombotic events from clopidogrel to prasugrel. Thus, we sought to evaluate clinical events in patients undergoing coronary stent implantation and prasugrel therapy with (SWITCH group) or without (NAÏVE group) prior clopidogrel therapy. A total of 454 patients with stable or unstable coronary artery disease, aged 70 ± 10 years, underwent non-emergent stent implant...
Source: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis - September 25, 2014 Category: Hematology Source Type: research

New aspects of stroke medicine.
Abstract Systemic thrombolysis with recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator (rt-PA) remains the only effective and approved medical treatment of acute ischemic stroke. Several studies have demonstrated the importance of rapid recanalization. The efficacy of thrombectomy has so far not been sufficiently shown in randomized clinical trials; therefore, inclusion of suitable patients in one of the currently ongoing randomized trials is of great importance. The early treatment with magnesium after acute ischemic stroke during the pre-hospital phase did not prove to be neuroprotective. Intermittent pneumatic compr...
Source: Der Nervenarzt - June 28, 2014 Category: Neurology Authors: Diener HC, Frank B, Hajjar K, Weimar C Tags: Nervenarzt Source Type: research