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Total 51 results found since Jan 2013.

Plasma selenium and the risk of first stroke in adults with hypertension: a secondary analysis of the China Stroke Primary Prevention Trial
CONCLUSIONS: In summary, there was a significant inverse association between plasma Se and risk of first stroke in Chinese adults with hypertension, especially among those with higher baseline folate concentrations and those with higher time-averaged SBP over the treatment period.Trial registration number: NCT00794885URL of registration: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00794885?term=NCT00794885&draw=2&r.PMID:34549258 | DOI:10.1093/ajcn/nqab320
Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - September 22, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Zhuo Wang Hai Ma Yun Song Tengfei Lin Lishun Liu Ziyi Zhou Yaping Wei Xiao Huang Ping Chen Chengzhang Liu Youbao Li Binyan Wang Jianping Li Yan Zhang Yong Huo Hao Zhang Xiping Xu Xianhui Qin Huiyuan Guo Source Type: research

Interaction of neutrophil counts and folic acid treatment on new-onset proteinuria in hypertensive patients.
Abstract We aimed to examine whether baseline neutrophil counts affected the risk of new-onset proteinuria in hypertensive patients, and, if so, whether folic acid treatment is particularly effective in proteinuria prevention in such a setting. A total of 8,208 eligible participants without proteinuria at baseline were analyzed from the renal sub-study of the China Stroke Primary Prevention Trial (CSPPT). Participants were randomized to receive a double-blind daily treatment of 10mg enalapril and 0.8mg folic acid (n=4,101) or 10mg enalapril alone (n=4,107). The primary outcome was new-onset proteinuria, defined as...
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - December 14, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Zhang Z, Liu M, Zhang Y, Zhou C, He P, Li H, Li J, Zhang Y, Liang M, Wang B, Xu X, Wang X, Huo Y, Hou FF, Nie J, Xu X, Qin X Tags: Br J Nutr Source Type: research

Effect of the baseline pulse wave velocity on short term and long term blood pressure control in primary hypertension
Arterial stiffness may affect antihypertensive response to antihypertensive treatment. However, sufficient clinical evidence is lacking. This longitudinal study aimed to evaluate the effect of baseline arterial stiffness measured by the brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) on response to short-term and long-term enalapril-based treatment in 3310 hypertensive adults from the China Stroke Primary Prevention Trial (CSPPT).
Source: International Journal of Cardiology - February 23, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Y. Fan, W. Gao, J. Li, F. Fan, X. Qin, L. Liu, X. Cheng, X. Xu, X. Wang, B. Wang, Y. Huo Source Type: research

Effect of Vitamin B12 Levels on the Association Between Folic Acid Treatment and CKD Progression: A Post Hoc Analysis of a Folic Acid Interventional Trial
ConclusionsFolic acid treatment was associated with a greater reduction in the odds of CKD progression among patients with mild to moderate CKD and higher B12 levels.FundingGovernment funding (National Key Research and Development Program of China).
Source: American Journal of Kidney Diseases - October 17, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Effectiveness of polypill for primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular diseases (PolyIran): a pragmatic, cluster-randomised trial
Publication date: 24–30 August 2019Source: The Lancet, Volume 394, Issue 10199Author(s): Gholamreza Roshandel, Masoud Khoshnia, Hossein Poustchi, Karla Hemming, Farin Kamangar, Abdolsamad Gharavi, Mohammad Reza Ostovaneh, Alireza Nateghi, Masoud Majed, Behrooz Navabakhsh, Shahin Merat, Akram Pourshams, Mahdi Nalini, Fatemeh Malekzadeh, Masoumeh Sadeghi, Noushin Mohammadifard, Nizal Sarrafzadegan, Mohammad Naemi-Tabiei, Abdolreza Fazel, Paul BrennanSummaryBackgroundA fixed-dose combination therapy (polypill strategy) has been proposed as an approach to reduce the burden of cardiovascular disease, especially in low-income ...
Source: The Lancet - August 23, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

The modifying effect of the MTHFR genotype on the association between folic acid supplementation and pulse wave velocity: Findings from the CSPPT
ConclusionIn a subgroup of Chinese hypertensive patients who had received 5 ‐year antihypertensive therapy, increases in folate status were associated with higher reductions in PWV, and individuals with the CC genotype showed greatest PWV response to folic acid supplementation.
Source: Cardiovascular Therapeutics - January 28, 2019 Category: Cardiology Authors: Xin Yang, Minghua Zhang, Rensheng Song, Changfu Liu, Yong Huo, Geng Qian Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Plasma retinol and the risk of first stroke in hypertensive adults: a nested case-control study.
Conclusions: Our data showed a significant inverse association between plasma retinol and the risk of first stroke among Chinese hypertensive adults. This study was registered at clinicaltrials.gov as NCT00794885. PMID: 30624586 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - January 9, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Yu Y, Zhang H, Song Y, Lin T, Zhou Z, Guo H, Liu L, Wang B, Liu C, Li J, Zhang Y, Huo Y, Wang C, Wang X, Hou FF, Qin X, Xu X Tags: Am J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

The modifying effect of the MTHFR genotype on the association between folic acid supplementation and pulse wave velocity: Findings from the CSPPT
ConclusionIn a subgroup of Chinese hypertensive patients who had received 5 ‐year antihypertensive therapy, increases in folate status were associated with higher reductions in PWV, and individuals with the CC genotype showed greatest PWV response to folic acid supplementation.
Source: Cardiovascular Therapeutics - November 20, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: Xin Yang, Minghua Zhang, Rensheng Song, Changfu Liu, Yong Huo, Geng Qian Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Hypertensive patients may benefit from folic acid supplements
Hypertensive adults with low platelet count who took a combined daily pill of both enalapril and folic acid saw a 73 percent reduction in their risk of first stroke compared to patients who took only enalapril daily, according to a study published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.
Source: World Pharma News - May 8, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Tags: Featured Research Research and Development Source Type: news

Effect of Smoking and Folate Levels on the Efficacy of Folic Acid Therapy in Prevention of Stroke in Hypertensive Men Clinical Sciences
Conclusions—Baseline folate levels and smoking status can interactively affect the risk of first stroke. Our data suggest that compared with never smokers, ever smokers may require a higher dosage of folic acid to achieve a greater beneficial effect on stroke. Our findings need to be confirmed by future randomized trials.Clinical Trial Registration—URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT00794885.
Source: Stroke - December 22, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Ziyi Zhou, Jianping Li, Yaren Yu, Youbao Li, Yan Zhang, Lishun Liu, Yun Song, Min Zhao, Yu Wang, Genfu Tang, Mingli He, Xiping Xu, Yefeng Cai, Qiang Dong, Delu Yin, Xiao Huang, Xiaoshu Cheng, Binyan Wang, Fan Fan Hou, Xiaobin Wang, Xianhui Qin, Yong Huo Tags: Primary Prevention, Hypertension, Treatment, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research

Homocysteine-lowering interventions for preventing cardiovascular events.
CONCLUSIONS: In this third update of the Cochrane review, there were no differences in effects of homocysteine-lowering interventions in the form of supplements of vitamins B6, B9 or B12 given alone or in combination comparing with placebo on myocardial infarction, death from any cause or adverse events. In terms of stroke, this review found a small difference in effect favouring to homocysteine-lowering interventions in the form of supplements of vitamins B6, B9 or B12 given alone or in combination comparing with placebo.There were uncertain effects of enalapril plus folic acid compared with enalapril on stroke; approxima...
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - August 17, 2017 Category: General Medicine Authors: Martí-Carvajal AJ, Solà I, Lathyris D, Dayer M Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research

Effects of Folic Acid Therapy on the New-Onset Proteinuria in Chinese Hypertensive PatientsNovelty and Significance Clinical Trials
In conclusion, enalapril–folic acid therapy, compared with enalapril alone, significantly reduced the development of proteinuria in diabetic patients with hypertension.Clinical Trial Registration—URL: http://www.ClinicalTrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT00794885.
Source: Hypertension - July 12, 2017 Category: Cardiology Authors: Youbao Li, Min Liang, Guobao Wang, Binyan Wang, Mingli He, Genfu Tang, Delu Yin, Xin Xu, Yong Huo, Yimin Cui, Fan Fan Hou, Xianhui Qin Tags: Clinical Studies, Diabetes, Type 1, Diet and Nutrition, Hypertension Original Articles Source Type: research

Folic acid therapy reduces the risk of mortality associated with heavy proteinuria among hypertensive patients
Objective: We aimed to evaluate whether proteinuria and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) levels can modify the efficacy of folic acid therapy on the risk of all-cause mortality among hypertensive patients in the China Stroke Primary Prevention Trial, a randomized, double-blind, and controlled trial. Methods: A total of 20 702 hypertensive patients without a history of major cardiovascular diseases were randomly assigned to a double-blind daily treatment of a single tablet containing 10-mg enalapril and 0.8-mg folic acid (n = 10 348), or 10-mg enalapril alone (n = 10 354). All-cause mortality, a pr...
Source: Journal of Hypertension - April 26, 2017 Category: Cardiology Tags: ORIGINAL PAPERS: Kidney Source Type: research

Homocysteine and Stroke Risk Clinical Sciences
Conclusions—In Chinese hypertensive patients, the effect of homocysteine on the first stroke was significantly modified by the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase C677T genotype and folic acid supplementation. Such information may help to more precisely predict stroke risk and develop folic acid interventions tailored to individual genetic background and nutritional status.Clinical Trial Registration—URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT00794885.
Source: Stroke - April 24, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Min Zhao, Xiaobin Wang, Mingli He, Xianhui Qin, Genfu Tang, Yong Huo, Jianping Li, Jia Fu, Xiao Huang, Xiaoshu Cheng, Binyan Wang, Fan Fan Hou, Ningling Sun, Yefeng Cai Tags: Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke, Ischemic Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research

Association of Serum Uric Acid with Increased Risk of Cancer among Hypertensive Chinese
This study included 20577 adult hypertensive patients with valid SUA measurements who participated in the China Stroke Primary Prevention Trial where subjects were randomly assigned to receive a double‐blind treatment of either 10mg enalapril (n=10286) or 10.8mg enalapril‐folic acid (n=10291). Subjects were prospectively followed for a median of 4.5 years. Cox proportional hazards models were used to calculate hazards ratios (HR) of cancer risk associated with SUA. A total of 232 participants developed cancer. SUA was independently associated with increased cancer risk in the enalapril group [HR: 1.12, (95% CI: 1.03‐...
Source: International Journal of Cancer - April 10, 2017 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Juan Yang, Yupeng Wang, Qianqian Zhao, Xianglin Zhang, Xiaobin Wang, Xianhui Qin, Rong Zhang, Lin Shen, Xiaodong Jiang, Hua Jiang, Yu Lei, Binyan Wang, Jin Gu, Fan Fan Hou, Yong Huo, Wei Gao, Xiping Xu Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Folic acid therapy reduces serum uric acid in hypertensive patients: a substudy of the China Stroke Primary Prevention Trial (CSPPT) Vitamins, minerals, and phytochemicals
Conclusions: Enalapril–folic acid therapy, compared with enalapril alone, can significantly reduce the magnitude of the increase of UA concentrations in hypertensive adults. This trial was registered at clinicaltrials.gov as NCT00794885.
Source: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - April 3, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Qin, X., Li, Y., He, M., Tang, G., Yin, D., Liang, M., Wang, B., Nie, J., Huo, Y., Xu, X., Hou, F. F. Tags: Research Need: Role of Nutrition in Health Maintenance, Research Need: Role of Nutrition in Medical Management Vitamins, minerals, and phytochemicals Source Type: research

The effects of sacubitril/valsartan on coronary outcomes in PARADIGM-HF
Conclusions Compared with enalapril, sacubitril/valsartan reduced the risk of both the primary endpoint and a coronary composite outcome in PARADIGM-HF. Additional studies on the effect of sacubitril/valsartan on atherothrombotic outcomes in high risk patients are merited.
Source: American Heart Journal - March 14, 2017 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

China Stroke Primary Prevention Trial: Visit-to-Visit Systolic Blood Pressure Variability Is an Independent Predictor of Primary Stroke in Hypertensive Patients Stroke
ConclusionsVisit‐to‐visit SBP variability is an independent predictor of primary stroke in Chinese hypertensive patients. This predictive value depends on the number of blood pressure measurements used to calculate variability but is independent of mean SBP.Clinical Trial RegistrationURL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT00794885.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - March 13, 2017 Category: Cardiology Authors: Men, X., Sun, W., Fan, F., Zhao, M., Huang, X., Wang, Y., Liu, L., Liu, R., , Peng, Q., Qin, X., Tang, G., Li, J., Zhang, Y., Cai, Y., Hou, F. F., Wang, B., Xu, X., Cheng, X., Sun, N., Huang, Y., Huo, Y. Tags: Epidemiology, Hypertension, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke Original Research Source Type: research

Longitudinal association between fasting blood glucose concentrations and first stroke in hypertensive adults in China: effect of folic acid intervention Cardiovascular disease risk
Conclusions: In Chinese hypertensive adults, an FBG concentration ≥7.0 mmol/L or diabetes is associated with an increased risk of first stroke; this increased risk is reduced by 34% with folic acid treatment. These findings warrant additional investigation. This trial was registered at clinicaltrials.gov as NCT00794885.
Source: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - February 28, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Xu, R. B., Kong, X., Xu, B. P., Song, Y., Ji, M., Zhao, M., Huang, X., Li, P., Cheng, X., Chen, F., Zhang, Y., Tang, G., Qin, X., Wang, B., Hou, F. F., Dong, Q., Chen, Y., Yang, T., Sun, N., Li, X., Zhao, L., Ge, J., Ji, L., Huo, Y., Li, J. Tags: Cardiovascular disease risk Source Type: research

Folic acid therapy reduces serum uric acid in hypertensive patients: a substudy of the China Stroke Primary Prevention Trial (CSPPT).
CONCLUSIONS: Enalapril-folic acid therapy, compared with enalapril alone, can significantly reduce the magnitude of the increase of UA concentrations in hypertensive adults. This trial was registered at clinicaltrials.gov as NCT00794885. PMID: 28148501 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - January 31, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Qin X, Li Y, He M, Tang G, Yin D, Liang M, Wang B, Nie J, Huo Y, Xu X, Hou FF Tags: Am J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Longitudinal association between fasting blood glucose concentrations and first stroke in hypertensive adults in China: effect of folic acid intervention.
CONCLUSIONS: In Chinese hypertensive adults, an FBG concentration ≥7.0 mmol/L or diabetes is associated with an increased risk of first stroke; this increased risk is reduced by 34% with folic acid treatment. These findings warrant additional investigation. This trial was registered at clinicaltrials.gov as NCT00794885. PMID: 28122783 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - January 24, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Xu RB, Kong X, Xu BP, Song Y, Ji M, Zhao M, Huang X, Li P, Cheng X, Chen F, Zhang Y, Tang G, Qin X, Wang B, Hou FF, Dong Q, Chen Y, Yang T, Sun N, Li X, Zhao L, Ge J, Ji L, Huo Y, Li J Tags: Am J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Folic acid supplementation and chronic kidney disease progression
In contrast to prior studies demonstrating no benefit or even increased harm from B vitamin supplementation in patients with chronic kidney disease, a large randomized trial from China recently demonstrated small but statistically significant reductions in the risk of first stroke and chronic kidney disease progression with the addition of folic acid to enalapril in adults with hypertension. Differences in the study population and study intervention may explain these discordant results.
Source: Kidney International - November 21, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Christina M. Wyatt, J. David Spence Tags: Nephrology Digest Source Type: research

Efficacy of Folic Acid Therapy on the Progression of Chronic Kidney Disease The Renal Substudy of the China Stroke Primary Prevention Trial
In this substudy of eligible China Stroke Primary Prevention Trial (CSPPT), 15 104 participants with an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) 30 mL/min/1.73 m2 or greater, were randomized to receive a single tablet daily containing 10 mg enalapril and 0.8 mg folic acid (n = 7545) or 10 mg enalapril alone (n = 7559). Overall, 15 104 Chinese adults with a mean (range) age of 60 (45-75) years were recruited; median follow-up was 4.4 years. There were 164 and 132 primary events in the enalapril group and the enalapril-folic acid group, respectively. Compared with the enalapril group, the enalap...
Source: Nephrology Now - November 11, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Nephrology Now editors Tags: Chronic Kidney Disease Clinical Nephrology Source Type: research

Elevated Homocysteine Concentrations Decrease the Antihypertensive Effect of Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors in Hypertensive Patients.
CONCLUSIONS: Elevated Hcy concentrations significantly decreased the antihypertensive effect of the short-term and long-term enalapril-based antihypertensive treatment in previously untreated hypertensive patients. PMID: 27834686 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology - November 9, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Qin X, Li Y, Sun N, Wang H, Zhang Y, Wang J, Li J, Xu X, Liang M, Nie J, Wang B, Cheng X, Li N, Sun Y, Zhao L, Wang X, Hou FF, Huo Y Tags: Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol Source Type: research

Folic Acid Therapy Reduces the First Stroke Risk Associated With Hypercholesterolemia Among Hypertensive Patients Clinical Sciences
Background and Purpose—We sought to determine whether folic acid supplementation can independently reduce the risk of first stroke associated with elevated total cholesterol levels in a subanalysis using data from the CSPPT (China Stroke Primary Prevention Trial), a double-blind, randomized controlled trial.Methods—A total of 20 702 hypertensive adults without a history of major cardiovascular disease were randomly assigned to a double-blind daily treatment of an enalapril 10-mg and a folic acid 0.8-mg tablet or an enalapril 10-mg tablet alone. The primary outcome was first stroke.Results—The median treatment durat...
Source: Stroke - October 23, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Qin, X., Li, J., Spence, J. D., Zhang, Y., Li, Y., Wang, X., Wang, B., Sun, N., Chen, F., Guo, J., Yin, D., Sun, L., Tang, G., He, M., Fu, J., Cai, Y., Shi, X., Ye, P., Chen, H., Zhao, S., Chen, M., Gao, C., Kong, X., Hou, F. F., Huang, Y., Huo, Y. Tags: Clinical Studies, Diet and Nutrition, Primary Prevention, Hypertension, Ischemic Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research

Time to Think About Nutrient Needs in Chronic Disease
There is renewed interest in health benefits of folic acid supplementation since the China Stroke Prevention Primary Prevention Trial (CSPPT) showed the potential benefits of folic acid in preventing stroke in Chinese adults with hypertension. It has long been known that folic acid prevents neural tube defects, which are among the most severe and debilitating congenital birth defects worldwide. The CSPPT was terminated early when 800 µg of folic acid in combination with 10 mg of enalapril significantly reduced primary stroke incidence compared with the enalapril alone treatment arm. This finding was unexpected as other st...
Source: JAMA Internal Medicine - August 22, 2016 Category: Internal Medicine Source Type: research

Effects of Folate on Chronic Kidney Disease Progression
This secondary analysis of China Stroke Primary Prevention Trial data compares the effects of folic acid and enalapril vs enalapril alone on progression of CKD.
Source: JAMA Internal Medicine - August 22, 2016 Category: Internal Medicine Source Type: research

Pattern of antihypertensive therapy among diabetic hyperten- sive patients in zewditu memorial hospital, addis ababa.
CONCLUSION: The pattern of antihypertensive drug therapy in our patients was consistent with the current treatment guidelines. However, the majority of diabetic-hypertensive patients did not reach target blood pressure. PMID: 27476227 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal - August 3, 2016 Category: African Health Tags: Ethiop Med J Source Type: research

Effect of folic acid supplementation on cancer risk among adults with hypertension in China: A randomized clinical trial
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Source: International Journal of Cancer - March 17, 2016 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Xianhui Qin, Lin Shen, Rong Zhang, Youbao Li, Xiaobin Wang, Binyan Wang, Xiaodong Jiang, Hua Jiang, Yu Lei, Fan Fan Hou, Jin Gu, Yong Huo Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Cardiovascular Instability Preceded by Orolingual Angioedema after Alteplase Treatment.
Authors: Kageyama T, Okanoue Y, Takai R, Suenaga T Abstract An 87-year-old man taking antihypertensive medications, including 10 mg enalapril, daily visited our hospital complaining of motor aphasia, dysarthria, and right hemiparesis. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed an ischemic lesion in the left frontal lobe including the insular cortex and severe stenosis of the left middle cerebral artery. After he received intravenous alteplase infusion, he developed orolingual angioedema followed by transient bradycardia with subsequent hypotension, resulting in the deterioration of his neurological signs and expansion of ...
Source: Internal Medicine - February 17, 2016 Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Intern Med Source Type: research

Comparison of the Efficacy and Safety of Different ACE Inhibitors in Patients With Chronic Heart Failure: A PRISMA-Compliant Network Meta-Analysis
Abstract: Heart failure is a public health problem and a great economic burden for patients and healthcare systems. Suppression of the renin–angiotensin system (RAS) by angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE)-inhibitors remains the mainstay of treatment for heart failure. However, the abundance of ACE inhibitors makes it difficult for doctors to choose. We performed this network meta-analysis of ACEIs in patients with heart failure in order to address this area of uncertainty. We searched PubMed, Embase, CENTRAL, and Medline. Any randomized controlled trial evaluating the efficacy and safety of captopril, enalapril, lisin...
Source: Medicine - February 1, 2016 Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Source Type: research

Haemodynamic Responses to Selective Vagal Nerve Stimulation under Enalapril Medication in Rats
by Mortimer Gierthmuehlen, Thomas Stieglitz, Josef Zentner, Dennis T. T. Plachta Selective vagal nerve stimulation (sVNS) has been demonstrated to lower blood pressure (BP) in rats without causing major side effects. This method might be adapted for the treatment of therapy-resistant hypertension in patients. Converting enzyme inhibitors (CEIs) are among the first drugs that are administered for arterial hypertension and prominently reduce BP primarily by interacting with the renin-angiotensin system of the kidneys. Beyond the reduction of BP, CEI have a positive effect on the survival rate after myocardial infarction; th...
Source: PLoS One - January 14, 2016 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Mortimer Gierthmuehlen et al. Source Type: research

Polypill for the prevention of cardiovascular disease (PolyIran): study design and rationale for a pragmatic cluster randomized controlled trial
Conclusion The infrastructure of GCS and the primary health care system in Iran enabled the conduct of this pragmatic large-scale trial. If the polypill strategy proves effective, it may be implemented to prevent cardiovascular disease in developing countries.
Source: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology - November 9, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Ostovaneh, M. R., Poustchi, H., Hemming, K., Marjani, H., Pourshams, A., Nateghi, A., Majed, M., Navabakhsh, B., Khoshnia, M., Jaafari, E., Mohammadifard, N., Malekzadeh, F., Merat, S., Sadeghi, M., Naemi, M., Etemadi, A., Thomas, G. N., Sarrafzadegan, N. Tags: Original scientific paper Source Type: research

Effect of folic acid supplementation on risk of new‐onset diabetes in adults with hypertension in China: Findings from the CSPPT
ConclusionsAmong adults with hypertension with no history of stroke and/or MI in China, folic acid supplementation had no significant effect on the risk of new‐onset diabetes. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Source: Journal of Diabetes - October 11, 2015 Category: Endocrinology Authors: Xianhui Qin, Jianping Li, Yan Zhang, Dafang Chen, Binyan Wang, Mingli He, Jia Fu, Genfu Tang, Yefeng Cai, Xiuli Shi, Xin Xu, Fan Fan Hou, Xiaobin Wang, Yong Huo Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Effect of the angiotensin-receptor-neprilysin inhibitor LCZ696 compared with enalapril on mode of death in heart failure patients
Conclusions LCZ696 was superior to enalapril in reducing both sudden cardiac deaths and deaths from worsening heart failure, which accounted for the majority of cardiovascular deaths. Clinical Trial Registration https://clinicaltrials.gov/, NCT01035255.
Source: European Heart Journal - August 7, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Desai, A. S., McMurray, J. J. V., Packer, M., Swedberg, K., Rouleau, J. L., Chen, F., Gong, J., Rizkala, A. R., Brahimi, A., Claggett, B., Finn, P. V., Hartley, L. H., Liu, J., Lefkowitz, M., Shi, V., Zile, M. R., Solomon, S. D. Tags: Heart failure/cardiomyopathy Source Type: research

In Chinese adults with hypertension, adding folic acid to enalapril reduced incident stroke.
PMID: 26192588 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Annals of Internal Medicine - July 21, 2015 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Barer D Tags: Ann Intern Med Source Type: research

Bioactive peptides identified in Thornback ray skin's gelatin hydrolysates by proteases from Bacillus subtilis and Bacillus amyloliquefaciens.
This study describes a peptidomic approach for the identification of ACE-inhibitory and antioxidant peptides generated from thornback ray muscle (Raja clavata) hydrolysates from Bacillus subtilis A26 and Bacillus amyloliquefaciens Neutrase® enzymes and expose the potential of thornback ray muscle hydrolysate as a source of bioactive peptides. In this sense, the decrease of systolic blood pressure is one of the main measurements considered in public health for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases, stroke and even end-stage renal disease. Traditionally, synthetic drugs such as captopril and enalapril have been used as A...
Source: Journal of Proteomics - July 4, 2015 Category: Biochemistry Authors: Lassoued I, Mora L, Barkia A, Aristoy MC, Nasri M, Toldrá F Tags: J Proteomics Source Type: research

In Context News in brief
Folic acid can reduce risk of first stroke, according to the results of a double-blind trial. 20 702 people with hypertension without a history of stroke or myocardial infarction enrolled in the China Stroke Primary Prevention Trial were randomly assigned to receive either combined enalapril 10 mg and folic acid 0·8 mg or enalapril 10 mg alone. The trial was terminated early, after a median of 4·5 years, when benefits of the combined treatment were identified: there was a significant reduction in risk of first stroke in the folic acid-enalapril group (hazard ratio 0·79, 95% CI 0·68–0·93) compared with enalapril alone group.
Source: Lancet Neurology - April 13, 2015 Category: Neurology Tags: In Context Source Type: research

Folic acid, a B vitamin, lowers stroke risk in people with high blood pressure
If you’re among the one in three American adults with high blood pressure, be sure you’re getting plenty of the B vitamin known as folate. Doing so may lower your odds of having a stroke, an often disabling or deadly event linked to high blood pressure, a new study suggests. Folate occurs naturally in many foods, but especially green leafy vegetables, beans, and citrus fruits. Here in the United States, add to the list most grain products, including wheat flour, cornmeal, pasta, and rice. They are fortified with the synthetic version of folate, known as folic acid. That’s not the case in many countries ar...
Source: New Harvard Health Information - March 18, 2015 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Julie Corliss Tags: Drugs and Supplements Hypertension and Stroke high blood pressure Source Type: news

Folate Supplementation in HTN May Lower Risk for First StrokeFolate Supplementation in HTN May Lower Risk for First Stroke
Investigators from China say it's time to rethink the possible CV benefits of folic-acid supplementation: adding it to enalapril reduced risk of first stroke in hypertensive patients without CHD. Heartwire from Medscape
Source: Medscape Cardiology Headlines - March 16, 2015 Category: Cardiology Tags: Cardiology News Source Type: news

Folic acid supplementation among adults with hypertension reduces risk of stroke
(The JAMA Network Journals) In a study that included more than 20,000 adults in China with high blood pressure but without a history of stroke or heart attack, the combined use of the hypertension medication enalapril and folic acid, compared with enalapril alone, significantly reduced the risk of first stroke, according to a study appearing in JAMA. The study is being released to coincide with its presentation at the American College of Cardiology Annual Scientific Session.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - March 15, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Folate Supplements for Stroke Prevention Targeted Trial Trumps the Rest
The effect of folate supplementation on cardiovascular disease has been studied in many observational studies and randomized trials and has been a topic of debate for a number of years. In this issue of JAMA, Huo and colleagues provide results from their important clinical trial of folic acid therapy for primary prevention of stroke. In a carefully designed and executed randomized trial, 20 702 adults with hypertension were randomized to receive enalapril alone (n = 10 354) or enalapril combined with 0.8 mg folic acid (n = 10 348). As recommended by the data and safety monitoring board, the trial was terminat...
Source: JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association - March 15, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Efficacy of Folic Acid Therapy in Primary Prevention of Stroke Among Adults With Hypertension in China The CSPPT Randomized Clinical Trial
Conclusions and RelevanceAmong adults with hypertension in China without a history of stroke or MI, the combined use of enalapril and folic acid, compared with enalapril alone, significantly reduced the risk of first stroke. These findings are consistent with benefits from folate use among adults with hypertension and low baseline folate levels.Trial Registrationclinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT00794885
Source: JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association - March 15, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Perindopril increases the swallowing reflex by inhibiting substance P degradation and tyrosine hydroxylase activation in a rat model of dysphagia.
Abstract Patients with hypertension have a high risk of ischemic stroke and subsequent stroke-associated pneumonia. Stroke-associated pneumonia is most likely to develop in patients with dysphagia. The present study was designed to compare the ameliorative effects of different treatments in rat model of dysphagia. Spontaneously hypertensive rats were treated with bilateral common carotid artery occlusion (BCAO) to induce chronic cerebral hypoperfusion causing disorders of the swallowing reflex. Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors (perindopril, imidapril and enalapril), an angiotensin II type 1-receptor ...
Source: European Journal of Pharmacology - November 12, 2014 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Ikeda JI, Kojima N, Saeki K, Ishihara M, Takayama M Tags: Eur J Pharmacol Source Type: research

Drug effects on the CVS in conscious rats: separating cardiac output into heart rate and stroke volume using PKPD modelling
Conclusions and ImplicationsA systems pharmacology model characterizing the interrelationship between MAP, CO, HR, SV and TPR was obtained in hypertensive and normotensive rats. This extended model can quantify dynamic changes in the CVS and elucidate the MoA for novel compounds, with one site of action, using only HR and MAP measurements. Whether the model can be applied for compounds with a more complex MoA remains to be established.
Source: British Journal of Pharmacology - September 5, 2014 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: N Snelder, B A Ploeger, O Luttringer, D F Rigel, F Fu, M Beil, D R Stanski, M Danhof Tags: RESEARCH PAPER Source Type: research

Drug effects on the cardiovascular system in conscious rats – separating cardiac output into heart rate and stroke volume using PKPD modeling
Conclusions and ImplicationsA systems pharmacology model characterizing the interrelationship between MAP, CO, HR, SV and TPR has been obtained in hypertensive and normotensive rats. The extended model can be used to quantify the dynamic changes in the CVS and elucidate the MoA for novel compounds, with one site of action, using HR and MAP measurements only. The question whether the model can also be applied for compounds with a more complex mechanism of action remains to be established.
Source: British Journal of Pharmacology - June 24, 2014 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: N. Snelder, B.A. Ploeger, O. Luttringer, D.F. Rigel, F. Fu, M. Beil, D.R. Stanski, M. Danhof Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research