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Drug: Actos

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Total 83 results found since Jan 2013.

Stroke in the patient with diabetes (Part 2) -Prevention and the effects of glucose lowering therapies
There is a higher incidence of stroke in both the type 2 diabetic and the non-diabetic insulin resistant patient which is accompanied by higher morbidity and mortality. Stroke primary prevention can be achieved by controlling atrial fibrillation and hypertension, and the utilization of statins and anticoagulant therapies. Utilizing pioglitazone and GLP-1 receptor agonists reduce the risk of stroke while the utilization of metformin, α-glucosidase inhibitors, DPP-4 and SGLT-2 inhibitors have no effect.
Source: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice - May 12, 2020 Category: Endocrinology Authors: David S.H. Bell, Edison Goncalves Tags: Review Source Type: research

Medical Management for Secondary Stroke Prevention
This article reviews the evidence base and recommendations for medical management for secondary stroke prevention. RECENT FINDINGS Recent developments for secondary stroke prevention include evidence to support the use of short-term dual antiplatelet therapy after minor stroke and transient ischemic attack, direct oral anticoagulants for nonvalvular atrial fibrillation, reversal agents for direct oral anticoagulant–associated hemorrhage, and aspirin rather than presumptive anticoagulation with a direct oral anticoagulant for embolic stroke of undetermined source. SUMMARY Most strokes are preventable. The mainstays ...
Source: CONTINUUM: Lifelong Learning in Neurology - April 1, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: REVIEW ARTICLES Source Type: research

Association of glucose-lowering medications with cardiovascular outcomes: an umbrella review and evidence map
We examined the association between glucose-lowering medications and a broad range of cardiovascular outcomes, and assessed the strength of evidence for these associations.MethodsFor this umbrella review we searched PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library to identify systematic reviews and meta-analyses of randomised controlled trials examining the cardiovascular safety of glucose-lowering medications. Cardiovascular outcomes examined included major adverse cardiovascular events, cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, stroke, heart failure, unstable angina, and atrial fibrillation. For each meta-analysis, we estimat...
Source: The Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology - January 30, 2020 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Pioglitazone and PPAR- γ modulating treatment in hypertensive and type 2 diabetic patients after ischemic stroke: a national cohort study
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor- γ (PPAR-γ) modulating treatment may have cardiovascular benefits in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients after ischemic stroke (IS). However, whether there are ad...
Source: Cardiovascular Diabetology - January 7, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Chi-Hung Liu, Tsong-Hai Lee, Yu-Sheng Lin, Pi-Shan Sung, Yi-Chia Wei and Yan-Rong Li Tags: Original investigation Source Type: research

Pioglitazone for the primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular and renal outcomes in patients with or at high risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus: a meta-analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: Pioglitazone should be considered in patients with or at high risk of T2DM for the prevention of cardiovascular endpoints, especially in those with a history of established CVD who might benefit the most. Robust reductions in progression of renal disease are seen regardless of baseline renal function degree. PMID: 31822895 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism - December 11, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Authors: Zhou Y, Huang Y, Ji X, Wang X, Shen L, Wang Y Tags: J Clin Endocrinol Metab Source Type: research

Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma agonists for preventing recurrent stroke and other vascular events in people with stroke or transient ischaemic attack.
CONCLUSIONS: Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma agonists probably reduce recurrent stroke and total events of cardiovascular death, non-fatal myocardial infarction or non-fatal stroke, and may improve insulin sensitivity and the stabilisation of carotid plaques. Their effects on adverse events are uncertain. Our conclusions should be interpreted with caution considering the small number and the quality of the included studies. Further well-designed, double-blind RCTs with large samples are required to assess the efficacy and safety of PPAR-γ agonists in the secondary prevention of stroke and related vascular...
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - October 9, 2019 Category: General Medicine Authors: Liu J, Wang LN Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research

Activation of The Metabolic Master Regulator PPAR γ - A Potential PIOneering Therapy for Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension.
The objective is a data-driven approach to set the preclinical and clinical study record straight. The convincing recent clinical trial data on the lack of significant toxicity in high risk populations justify the timely conduction of clinical studies in order to achieve "repurposing" or "repositioning" of pioglitazone for the treatment of clinical PAH. PMID: 31577451 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Am J Respir Cell Mol... - October 2, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Hansmann G, Calvier L, Risbano MG, Chan SY Tags: Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol Source Type: research

Effect of pioglitazone in acute ischemic stroke patients with diabetes mellitus: a nested case –control study
Pioglitazone is an oral antidiabetic drug with multiple pleiotropic actions. Recent clinical trials have demonstrated that treatment with pioglitazone reduces cardiovascular risk in patients who have had an is...
Source: Cardiovascular Diabetology - May 31, 2019 Category: Cardiology Authors: Min-Hee Woo, Hye Sun Lee and Jinkwon Kim Tags: Original investigation Source Type: research

Cardiovascular effects of pioglitazone or sulphonylureas according to pretreatment risk: moving towards personalized care.
CONCLUSIONS: It is possible to identify patients with type 2 diabetes early in the stage of their disease and largely free from evident cardiovascular disease, in whom add-on pioglitazone to metformin confers cardiovascular protection as compared to sulphonylureas. PMID: 31058962 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism - May 6, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Authors: Vaccaro O, Lucisano G, Masulli M, Bonora E, Del Prato S, Rivellese AA, Giorda CB, Mocarelli P, Squatrito S, Maggioni AP, Riccardi G, Nicolucci A, TOSCA.IT investigators Tags: J Clin Endocrinol Metab Source Type: research

Cardiovascular Protection with Anti-hyperglycemic Agents
AbstractDiabetes mellitus is a major risk factor for cardiovascular (CV) disease. Conversely, CV disease is responsible for a majority of the deaths in patients with diabetes. Many drug trials have concentrated on blood glucose (hemoglobin A1c) reduction. This strategy, while reducing microvascular outcomes like nephropathy and neuropathy, has little or no effect on reducing macrovascular events like heart attack, stroke, and heart failure. It has been postulated that hypoglycemia may counterbalance some of the beneficial effects of anti-hyperglycemic agents, but this is not proven. Further, trial evidence for thiazolidine...
Source: American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs - February 15, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Stroke Patients With Prediabetes Benefit From Pioglitazone
(MedPage Today) -- IRIS analysis finds lower CV, diabetes risk in this subgroup
Source: MedPage Today Neurology - February 8, 2019 Category: Neurology Source Type: news

Potential New Horizons for the Prevention of Cerebrovascular Diseases and Dementia
In this issue ofJAMA Neurology, Spence et al discuss the effect of pioglitazone, an insulin-sensitizing agent that has been shown to reduce the risk of recurrent stroke and myocardial infarction in patients with insulin resistance, in patients with prediabetes. Prediabetes was defined according to the American Diabetes Association criteria, ie, a hemoglobin A1c level of 5.7% to 6.4% or a fasting plasma glucose level of 100 to 125 mg/dL. Data were taken from the Insulin Resistance Intervention after Stroke (IRIS) study, an international randomized clinical trial performed in patients with previous stroke or transient ischem...
Source: JAMA Neurology - February 7, 2019 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Heart Failure After Ischemic Stroke or TIA in Insulin-Resistant Patients Without Diabetes Treated with Pioglitazone.
Conclusions -In IRIS, with surveillance and dose adjustments, pioglitazone did not increase risk of HF, and conferred net cardiovascular benefit in patients with insulin resistance and cerebrovascular disease. The risk of HF with pioglitazone was not modified by baseline HF risk. The IRIS experience may be instructive for maximizing the net benefit of this therapy. Clinical Trial Registration -URL: www.clinicaltrials.gov Unique identifier: NCT00091949. PMID: 29934374 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Circulation - June 22, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: Young LH, Viscoli CM, Schwartz GG, Inzucchi SE, Curtis JP, Gorman MJ, Furie KL, Conwit R, Spatz E, Lovejoy A, Abbott JD, Jacoby DL, Kolansky DM, Ling FS, Pfau SE, Kernan WN, IRIS Investigators Tags: Circulation Source Type: research

Cardiovascular and Renal Outcomes of Newer Anti-Diabetic Medications in High-Risk Patients
AbstractPurpose of ReviewWe review the cardiovascular and renal outcomes and safety of newer anti-diabetic medications in high-risk patients. We examine the outcomes of the IRIS, EMPA-REG OUTCOME, CANVAS, LEADER, SAVOR-TIMI 53, and EXAMINE trials demonstrating the cardiovascular and renal benefits of thiazolidinediones, SGLT2 inhibitors, GLP-1 agonists, and DPP-4 inhibitors.Recent FindingsDiabetes mellitus is a leading risk factor for cardiovascular disease with rising prevalence and disease burden. The microvascular and macrovascular complications of diabetes are well-recognized and include increased risk of cardiovascula...
Source: Current Cardiology Reports - June 21, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Leptin, cardiovascular diseases and type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Abstract Leptin, an adipokine that is implicated in the control of food intake via appetite suppression, may also stimulate oxidative stress, inflammation, thrombosis, arterial stiffness, angiogenesis and atherogenesis. These leptin-induced effects may predispose to the development of cardiovascular diseases. In the present review we discuss the evidence linking leptin levels with the presence, severity and/or prognosis of both coronary artery disease and non-cardiac vascular diseases such as stroke, carotid artery disease, peripheral artery disease (PAD) and abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) as well as with chroni...
Source: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica - June 7, 2018 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Katsiki N, Mikhailidis DP, Banach M Tags: Acta Pharmacol Sin Source Type: research

Impact of treatment with pioglitazone on stroke outcomes: A real ‐world database analysis
Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism, EarlyView.
Source: Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism - June 4, 2018 Category: Endocrinology Authors: Christopher Ll Morgan MSc , Silvio E. Inzucchi MD , Jorge Puelles MSc , Sara Jenkins ‐Jones MSc , Craig J. Currie PhD Source Type: research

Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma agonists for preventing recurrent stroke and other vascular events in people with stroke or transient ischaemic attack.
CONCLUSIONS: Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma agonists probably reduce recurrent stroke and total events of cardiovascular death, non-fatal myocardial infarction or non-fatal stroke, and may improve insulin sensitivity and the stabilisation of carotid plaques. Their effects on adverse events are uncertain. Our conclusions should be interpreted with caution considering the small number and the quality of the included studies. Further well-designed, double-blind RCTs with large samples are required to assess the efficacy and safety of PPAR-γ agonists in the secondary prevention of stroke and related vascular...
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - December 2, 2017 Category: General Medicine Authors: Liu J, Wang LN Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research

Which Patients With Ischemic Stroke and Insulin Resistance May Benefit From Pioglitazone?
The Insulin Resistance Intervention After Stroke (IRIS) trial has reported that treating insulin resistance with the peroxisome proliferator –activated receptor γ agonist pioglitazone hydrochloride reduced recurrent stroke or myocardial infarction (MI) by about one-fourth compared with placebo (pioglitazone, 9.0% vs placebo, 11.8%; hazard ratio [HR], 0.76; 95% CI, 0.62-0.93) in 3876 patients with recent (<6 months) ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack and insulin resistance but without diabetes, heart failure, or bladder cancer. Pioglitazone was also associated with less incident diabetes vs placebo (3.8% vs ...
Source: JAMA Neurology - November 1, 2017 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Pioglitazone Prevents Stroke in Patients with a Recent TIA or Ischemic Stroke: A Planned Secondary Analysis of the IRIS Trial.
Conclusions -Pioglitazone was effective for secondary prevention of ischemic stroke in non-diabetic patients with insulin resistance. Clinical Trial Registration -URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT00091949. PMID: 29084736 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Circulation - October 30, 2017 Category: Cardiology Authors: Yaghi S, Furie KL, Viscoli CM, Kamel H, Gorman M, Dearborn J, Young LH, Inzucchi SE, Lovejoy AM, Kasner SE, Conwit R, Kernan WN, IRIS Trial Investigators Tags: Circulation Source Type: research

Depression in the Context of Medical Disorders: New Pharmacological Pathways Revisited
In conclusion a hypothetic model for the implication of actual findings in everyday clinical practice is proposed. In this context personalized treatment could be used to tailor treatment to specific individuals according to their clinical endophenotypes. Moreover a potential target for the development of novel intervention strategies might be used.Neurosignals 2017;25:54 –73
Source: Neurosignals - October 25, 2017 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Pioglitazone Improves Left Ventricular Diastolic Function in Subjects With Diabetes
CONCLUSIONS Pioglitazone improves whole-body and myocardial insulin sensitivity, LV diastolic function, and systolic function in T2D. Improved myocardial insulin sensitivity and diastolic function are strongly correlated.
Source: Diabetes Care - October 23, 2017 Category: Endocrinology Authors: Clarke, G. D.; Solis-Herrera, C.; Molina-Wilkins, M.; Martinez, S.; Merovci, A.; Cersosimo, E.; Chilton, R. J.; Iozzo, P.; Gastaldelli, A.; Abdul-Ghani, M.; DeFronzo, R. A. Tags: Epidemiology-Diabetes Complications Pathophysiology/Complications Source Type: research

Depression in the Context of Medical Disorders: New Pharmacological Pathways Revisited
In conclusion a hypothetic model for the implication of actual findings in everyday clinical practice is proposed. In this context personalized treatment could be used to tailor treatment to specific individuals according to their clinical endophenotypes. Moreover a potential target for the development of novel intervention strategies might be used.Neurosignals 2017;25:54 –73
Source: Neurosignals - October 17, 2017 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Response by Young et al to Letters Regarding Article, "Cardiac Outcomes After Ischemic Stroke or Transient Ischemic Attack: Effects of Pioglitazone in Patients With Insulin Resistance Without Diabetes Mellitus".
PMID: 29038213 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Circulation - October 17, 2017 Category: Cardiology Authors: Young LH, Viscoli CM, Inzucchi SE, Kernan WN Tags: Circulation Source Type: research

Letter by Jin-Shan and Xue-Bin Regarding Article, "Cardiac Outcomes After Ischemic Stroke or Transient Ischemic Attack: Effects of Pioglitazone in Patients With Insulin Resistance Without Diabetes Mellitus".
PMID: 29038212 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Circulation - October 17, 2017 Category: Cardiology Authors: Jin-Shan H, Xue-Bin L Tags: Circulation Source Type: research

Letter by Musso et al Regarding Article, "Cardiac Outcomes After Ischemic Stroke or Transient Ischemic Attack: Effects of Pioglitazone in Patients With Insulin Resistance Without Diabetes Mellitus".
PMID: 29038211 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Circulation - October 17, 2017 Category: Cardiology Authors: Musso G, Cassader M, Gambino R Tags: Circulation Source Type: research

Antidiabetic drugs and stroke risk. Current evidence.
Abstract Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the major cause of morbidity and mortality for individuals with type 2 diabetes (T2D). In particular, the risk for stroke is twice that of patients without diabetes, and diabetes may be responsible for >8% of first ischemic strokes. Therefore, the way to prevent stroke in these patients has become an important issue. Traditionally, glucose-lowering drugs had not been shown to protect against stroke. Moreover, several antidiabetic drugs (i.e., sulfonylureas, rosiglitazone) have been reported to be associated with increased risks of CVD and stroke. On the contrary, data on...
Source: European Journal of Internal Medicine - September 20, 2017 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Castilla-Guerra L, Fernandez-Moreno MDC, Leon-Jimenez D, Carmona-Nimo E Tags: Eur J Intern Med Source Type: research

Which Patients With Ischemic Stroke and Insulin Resistance May Benefit From Pioglitazone?
The Insulin Resistance Intervention After Stroke (IRIS) trial has reported that treating insulin resistance with the peroxisome proliferator –activated receptor γ agonist pioglitazone hydrochloride reduced recurrent stroke or myocardial infarction (MI) by about one-fourth compared with placebo (pioglitazone, 9.0% vs placebo, 11.8%; hazard ratio [HR], 0.76; 95% CI, 0.62-0.93) in 3876 patients with recent (<6 months) ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack and insulin resistance but without diabetes, heart failure, or bladder cancer. Pioglitazone was also associated with less incident diabetes vs placebo (3.8% vs ...
Source: JAMA Neurology - September 18, 2017 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Glucagon-like peptide-1 agonists and protection against stroke: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Aim: Type 2 diabetes is associated with an increased risk of stroke and a worse outcome following stroke. Among glucose-lowering modalities only pioglitazone (a thiazolinedione) has been shown to protect against stroke. Nonetheless, evidence from experimental with novel antidiabetic agents, such as glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) agonists, suggests potential neuroprotective effects, especially if treatment starts before stroke. Thus, we aimed to meta-analyze available evidence regarding the risk of stroke in individuals receiving GLP-1 agonists.
Source: Atherosclerosis - August 1, 2017 Category: Cardiology Authors: Fotios Barkas, Moses Elisaf, Haralampos Milionis Source Type: research

Letter by Iguchi and Nango Regarding Article, “Pioglitazone for Secondary Stroke Prevention: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis” Letter to the Editor
Source: Stroke - June 26, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Masahiro Iguchi, Eishu Nango Tags: Diabetes, Type 2, Secondary Prevention, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Impact of glucose-lowering therapies on risk of stroke in type 2 diabetes.
Abstract Patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) have an increased risk of stroke compared with people without diabetes. However, the effects of glucose-lowering drugs on risk of ischaemic stroke in T2D have been less extensively investigated than in coronary heart disease. Some evidence, including the UKPDS, has suggested a reduced risk of stroke with metformin, although the number of studies is limited. Inhibition of the KATP channels increases ischaemic brain lesions in animals. This is in agreement with a recent meta-analysis showing an increased risk of stroke with sulphonylureas vs. various comparators as both m...
Source: Diabetes and Metabolism - May 15, 2017 Category: Endocrinology Authors: Bonnet F, Scheen AJ Tags: Diabetes Metab Source Type: research

Letter by Castilla-Guerra et al Regarding Article, “Pioglitazone for Secondary Stroke Prevention: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis” Letter to the Editor
Source: Stroke - April 24, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Luis Castilla–Guerra, Maria del Carmen Fernandez–Moreno, Jose Antonio Perez de Leon Tags: Diabetes, Type 2, Risk Factors, Secondary Prevention, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke, Vascular Disease Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Cardiac Outcomes After Ischemic Stroke or TIA: Effects of Pioglitazone in Patients with Insulin Resistance Without Diabetes.
Conclusions -Among patients with insulin resistance without diabetes, pioglitazone reduced the risk for acute coronary syndromes after a recent cerebrovascular event. Pioglitazone appeared to have its most prominent effect in preventing spontaneous type 1 MI's. Clinical Trial Registration - https://clinicaltrials.gov Unique Identifier: NCT00091949 US Food & Drug Administration IND: 64,622; EudraCT#2008-005546-23. PMID: 28246237 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Circulation - February 28, 2017 Category: Cardiology Authors: Young LH, Viscoli CM, Curtis JP, Inzucchi SE, Schwartz GG, Lovejoy AM, Furie KL, Gorman MJ, Conwit RA, Abbott JD, Jacoby DL, Kolansky DM, Pfau SE, Ling FS, Kernan WN, IRIS Investigators Tags: Circulation Source Type: research

Pioglitazone: Good news for diabetic patients with stroke?
PMID: 28209458 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: European Journal of Internal Medicine - February 13, 2017 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Castilla-Guerra L, Fernandez-Moreno MD, Colmero-Camacho MA Tags: Eur J Intern Med Source Type: research

Pioglitazone for Secondary Stroke Prevention Clinical Sciences
Conclusions—Pioglitazone reduces recurrent stroke and major vascular events in ischemic stroke patients with insulin resistance, prediabetes, and diabetes mellitus.
Source: Stroke - January 23, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Meng Lee, Jeffrey L. Saver, Hung-Wei Liao, Chun-Hsien Lin, Bruce Ovbiagele Tags: Cardiovascular Disease, Diabetes, Type 2, Secondary Prevention, Meta Analysis, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research

Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors and protection against stroke: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
CONCLUSION: The promising data from experimental studies regarding cardioprotective gliptin-associated effects against stroke were not supported by available data from trials specifically looking at cardiovascular safety. PMID: 27916514 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Diabetes and Metabolism - December 1, 2016 Category: Endocrinology Authors: Barkas F, Elisaf M, Tsimihodimos V, Milionis H Tags: Diabetes Metab Source Type: research

Pioglitazone in patients with insulin resistance after ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack: A comment on the IRIS trial
Pioglitazone, an antidiabetic drug, also exerts several cardiometabolic benefits including antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antihypertensive, vasoprotective and hypolipidemic effects. These pioglitazone-related benefits have been observed in different patient populations such as those with prediabetes, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). With regard to cardiovascular (CV) morbidity and mortality, there is conflicting evidence.Recently, the Insulin Resistance Intervention after Stroke (IRIS) trial reported a significant pioglitazone-induced decrease in CV morbidity in patients with insulin ...
Source: Journal of Diabetes and Its Complications - September 18, 2016 Category: Endocrinology Authors: Niki Katsiki, Dimitri P Mikhailidis Source Type: research

Insulin Resistance Intervention After Stroke Trial of Pioglitazone: Is This Perhaps the End of the Beginning? Emerging Therapy Critiques
Source: Stroke - June 27, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Ntaios, G., Kent, T. A. Tags: Diabetes, Type 2 Emerging Therapy Critiques Source Type: research

Pioglitazone After Ischemic Stroke or Transient Ischemic Attack
In patients without diabetes but who have insulin resistance along with a recent history of ischemic stroke or TIA, the risk of stroke or myocardial infarction was lower among those patients who received pioglitazone than among those who received placebo.
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - June 24, 2016 Category: Surgery Authors: W.N. Kernan, C.M. Viscoli, K.L. Furie Tags: Abstract Source Type: research

Cerebrovascular disease: Pioglitazone reduces risk of stroke or MI
Nature Reviews Cardiology 13, 182 (2016). doi:10.1038/nrcardio.2016.34 Author: Karina Huynh Insulin resistance is present in >50% of patients without diabetes who have had an ischaemic stroke or a transient ischaemic attack (TIA). The IRIS trial investigators hypothesized that pioglitazone, an insulin-sensitizing agent, could reduce rates of stroke and myocardial infarction (MI) after ischaemic stroke or
Source: Nature Reviews Cardiology - March 3, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Karina Huynh Tags: Research Highlight Source Type: research

Targeting insulin resistance after stroke cuts cardiovascular risk
Large trial shows pioglitazone could reduce risk of cardiovascular events or diabetes in stroke patients
Source: Clinical Pharmacist - February 26, 2016 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Tackling insulin resistance may reduce recurrence after stroke
Giving pioglitazone to stroke survivors with insulin resistance but no overt diabetes reduces their risk of having a recurrent vascular event, shows the randomised Insulin Resistance Intervention after Stroke trial.
Source: MedWire News - February 19, 2016 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Stroke Source Type: news

Diabetes drug may prevent heart attack, recurring stroke
Stephen FellerNEW HAVEN, Conn., Feb. 17 (UPI) -- The diabetes drug Actos was shown to lower the risk of recurring stroke and heart attack in a large clinical trial of insulin-resistant stroke patients.
Source: Health News - UPI.com - February 17, 2016 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Diabetes Drug May Help Prevent Second Stroke
Actos reduced risk by 24 percent in people with insulin resistance, research showed Source: HealthDay Related MedlinePlus Pages: Diabetes Medicines, Stroke
Source: MedlinePlus Health News - February 17, 2016 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

IRIS: Diabetes Drug Reduces Recurrent Stroke, MIIRIS: Diabetes Drug Reduces Recurrent Stroke, MI
A randomized trial shows that in patients with insulin resistance but no diabetes and a history of recent stroke or TIA, pioglitazone reduced recurrent stroke and myocardial infarction vs placebo. Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines - February 17, 2016 Category: Neurology Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Source Type: news

Diabetes Drug May Help Prevent Second Stroke: Study
WEDNESDAY, Feb. 17, 2016 -- The diabetes drug Actos (pioglitazone) appears to protect people who've already had a stroke from suffering a second stroke, a new study finds. Along with standard treatment after a stroke -- including blood thinners, and...
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - February 17, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: news

Diabetes drug may prevent recurring strokes
Pioglitazone, a drug used for type 2 diabetes, may prevent recurrent stroke and heart attacks in people with insulin resistance but without diabetes. The results of the Insulin Resistance Intervention after Stroke (IRIS) trial, presented at the International Stroke Conference 2016 in Los Angeles and published in the New England Journal of Medicine, suggest a potential new method to prevent stroke and heart attack in high-risk patients who have already had one stroke or transient ischemic attack.
Source: NINDS Press Releases and News: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke - February 17, 2016 Category: Neurology Source Type: news

Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma agonists for preventing recurrent stroke and other vascular events in patients with stroke or transient ischaemic attack.
CONCLUSIONS: PPAR-γ agonists appear to reduce recurrent stroke and total events of cardiovascular death, non-fatal myocardial infarction or non-fatal stroke, and improve insulin sensitivity and the stabilisation of carotid plaques. There is evidence of limited quality that they are well tolerated. However, the conclusions should be interpreted with caution considering the small number and the quality of the included studies. In future, well-designed, double-blind RCTs with large samples are required to assess the efficacy and safety of PPAR-γ agonists in the secondary prevention of stroke and related vascular events in p...
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - October 29, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Liu J, Wang LN Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research

Hyperglycemia and PPAR{gamma} Antagonistically Influence Macrophage Polarization and Infarct Healing After Ischemic Stroke Basic Sciences
Conclusions— Hyperglycemia and macrophage-specific PPAR activation exert opposing effects on MO/MP polarization in ischemic stroke lesions and, thereby, critically determine the risk of hemorrhagic infarct transformation.
Source: Stroke - September 28, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Gliem, M., Klotz, L., van Rooijen, N., Hartung, H.-P., Jander, S. Tags: Animal models of human disease, Coumarins, Other diabetes, Acute Cerebral Hemorrhage, Acute Cerebral Infarction, Anticoagulants Basic Sciences Source Type: research

Effects of Pioglitazone for Secondary Stroke Prevention in Patients with Impaired Glucose Tolerance and Newly Diagnosed Diabetes: The J-SPIRIT Study.
CONCLUSIONS: While this study was too underpowered to determine the effect of pioglitazone, the result failed to show beneficial effects in patients of ischemic stroke or TIA with impaired glucose tolerance and newly diagnosed diabetes. PMID: 26269002 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis - August 15, 2015 Category: Cardiology Tags: J Atheroscler Thromb Source Type: research

Pioglitazone for secondary prevention after ischemic stroke and transient ischemic attack: Rationale and design of the Insulin Resistance Intervention after Stroke Trial
Publication date: December 2014 Source:American Heart Journal, Volume 168, Issue 6 Author(s): Catherine M. Viscoli , Lawrence M. Brass , Antonio Carolei , Robin Conwit , Gary A. Ford , Karen L. Furie , Mark Gorman , Peter D. Guarino , Silvio E. Inzucchi , Anne M. Lovejoy , Mark W. Parsons , Peter N. Peduzzi , Peter A. Ringleb , Gregory G. Schwartz , J. David Spence , David Tanne , Lawrence H. Young , Walter N. Kernan Background Recurrent vascular events remain a major source of morbidity and mortality after stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA). The IRIS Trial is evaluating an approach to secondary prevention based o...
Source: American Heart Journal - November 25, 2014 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research