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Total 39 results found since Jan 2013.

Stroke in the patient with diabetes (Part 2) – Prevention and the effects of glucose lowering therapies
There is a higher incidence of stroke in both the type 2 diabetic and the non-diabetic insulin resistant patient which is accompanied by higher morbidity and mortality. Stroke primary prevention can be achieved by controlling atrial fibrillation and hypertension, and the utilization of statins and anticoagulant therapies. Utilizing pioglitazone and GLP-1 receptor agonists reduce the risk of stroke while the utilization of metformin, α-glucosidase inhibitors, DPP-4 and SGLT-2 inhibitors have no effect.
Source: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice - May 12, 2020 Category: Endocrinology Authors: David S.H. Bell, Edison Goncalves Tags: Review Source Type: research

Stroke in the patient with diabetes (Part 2) -Prevention and the effects of glucose lowering therapies
There is a higher incidence of stroke in both the type 2 diabetic and the non-diabetic insulin resistant patient which is accompanied by higher morbidity and mortality. Stroke primary prevention can be achieved by controlling atrial fibrillation and hypertension, and the utilization of statins and anticoagulant therapies. Utilizing pioglitazone and GLP-1 receptor agonists reduce the risk of stroke while the utilization of metformin, α-glucosidase inhibitors, DPP-4 and SGLT-2 inhibitors have no effect.
Source: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice - May 12, 2020 Category: Endocrinology Authors: David S.H. Bell, Edison Goncalves Tags: Review Source Type: research

Pioglitazone and PPAR- γ modulating treatment in hypertensive and type 2 diabetic patients after ischemic stroke: a national cohort study
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor- γ (PPAR-γ) modulating treatment may have cardiovascular benefits in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients after ischemic stroke (IS). However, whether there are ad...
Source: Cardiovascular Diabetology - January 7, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Chi-Hung Liu, Tsong-Hai Lee, Yu-Sheng Lin, Pi-Shan Sung, Yi-Chia Wei and Yan-Rong Li Tags: Original investigation Source Type: research

Pioglitazone for the primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular and renal outcomes in patients with or at high risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus: a meta-analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: Pioglitazone should be considered in patients with or at high risk of T2DM for the prevention of cardiovascular endpoints, especially in those with a history of established CVD who might benefit the most. Robust reductions in progression of renal disease are seen regardless of baseline renal function degree. PMID: 31822895 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism - December 11, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Authors: Zhou Y, Huang Y, Ji X, Wang X, Shen L, Wang Y Tags: J Clin Endocrinol Metab Source Type: research

Cardiovascular effects of pioglitazone or sulphonylureas according to pretreatment risk: moving towards personalized care.
CONCLUSIONS: It is possible to identify patients with type 2 diabetes early in the stage of their disease and largely free from evident cardiovascular disease, in whom add-on pioglitazone to metformin confers cardiovascular protection as compared to sulphonylureas. PMID: 31058962 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism - May 6, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Authors: Vaccaro O, Lucisano G, Masulli M, Bonora E, Del Prato S, Rivellese AA, Giorda CB, Mocarelli P, Squatrito S, Maggioni AP, Riccardi G, Nicolucci A, TOSCA.IT investigators Tags: J Clin Endocrinol Metab Source Type: research

Leptin, cardiovascular diseases and type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Abstract Leptin, an adipokine that is implicated in the control of food intake via appetite suppression, may also stimulate oxidative stress, inflammation, thrombosis, arterial stiffness, angiogenesis and atherogenesis. These leptin-induced effects may predispose to the development of cardiovascular diseases. In the present review we discuss the evidence linking leptin levels with the presence, severity and/or prognosis of both coronary artery disease and non-cardiac vascular diseases such as stroke, carotid artery disease, peripheral artery disease (PAD) and abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) as well as with chroni...
Source: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica - June 7, 2018 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Katsiki N, Mikhailidis DP, Banach M Tags: Acta Pharmacol Sin Source Type: research

Pioglitazone Improves Left Ventricular Diastolic Function in Subjects With Diabetes
CONCLUSIONS Pioglitazone improves whole-body and myocardial insulin sensitivity, LV diastolic function, and systolic function in T2D. Improved myocardial insulin sensitivity and diastolic function are strongly correlated.
Source: Diabetes Care - October 23, 2017 Category: Endocrinology Authors: Clarke, G. D.; Solis-Herrera, C.; Molina-Wilkins, M.; Martinez, S.; Merovci, A.; Cersosimo, E.; Chilton, R. J.; Iozzo, P.; Gastaldelli, A.; Abdul-Ghani, M.; DeFronzo, R. A. Tags: Epidemiology-Diabetes Complications Pathophysiology/Complications Source Type: research

Antidiabetic drugs and stroke risk. Current evidence.
Abstract Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the major cause of morbidity and mortality for individuals with type 2 diabetes (T2D). In particular, the risk for stroke is twice that of patients without diabetes, and diabetes may be responsible for >8% of first ischemic strokes. Therefore, the way to prevent stroke in these patients has become an important issue. Traditionally, glucose-lowering drugs had not been shown to protect against stroke. Moreover, several antidiabetic drugs (i.e., sulfonylureas, rosiglitazone) have been reported to be associated with increased risks of CVD and stroke. On the contrary, data on...
Source: European Journal of Internal Medicine - September 20, 2017 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Castilla-Guerra L, Fernandez-Moreno MDC, Leon-Jimenez D, Carmona-Nimo E Tags: Eur J Intern Med Source Type: research

Effects on the incidence of cardiovascular events of the addition of pioglitazone versus sulfonylureas in patients with type 2 diabetes inadequately controlled with metformin (TOSCA.IT): a randomised, multicentre trial
This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT00700856. Findings Between Sept 18, 2008, and Jan 15, 2014, 3028 patients were randomly assigned and included in the analyses. 1535 were assigned to pioglitazone and 1493 to sulfonylureas (glibenclamide 24 [2%], glimepiride 723 [48%], gliclazide 745 [50%]). At baseline, 335 (11%) participants had a previous cardiovascular event. The study was stopped early on the basis of a futility analysis after a median follow-up of 57·3 months. The primary outcome occurred in 105 patients (1·5 per 100 person-years) who were given pioglitazone and 108 (1·5 per 100 person-yea...
Source: The Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology - September 14, 2017 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Glucagon-like peptide-1 agonists and protection against stroke: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Aim: Type 2 diabetes is associated with an increased risk of stroke and a worse outcome following stroke. Among glucose-lowering modalities only pioglitazone (a thiazolinedione) has been shown to protect against stroke. Nonetheless, evidence from experimental with novel antidiabetic agents, such as glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) agonists, suggests potential neuroprotective effects, especially if treatment starts before stroke. Thus, we aimed to meta-analyze available evidence regarding the risk of stroke in individuals receiving GLP-1 agonists.
Source: Atherosclerosis - August 1, 2017 Category: Cardiology Authors: Fotios Barkas, Moses Elisaf, Haralampos Milionis Source Type: research

Letter by Iguchi and Nango Regarding Article, “Pioglitazone for Secondary Stroke Prevention: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis” Letter to the Editor
Source: Stroke - June 26, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Masahiro Iguchi, Eishu Nango Tags: Diabetes, Type 2, Secondary Prevention, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Cardiovascular Disease and Type 2 Diabetes: Has the Dawn of a New Era Arrived?
Hyperglycemia is the major risk factor for microvascular complications in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). However, cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the principal cause of death, and lowering HbA1c has only a modest effect on reducing CVD risk and mortality. The recently published LEADER and SUSTAIN-6 trials demonstrate that, in T2D patients with high CVD risk, the glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor agonists liraglutide and semaglutide reduce the primary major adverse cardiac events (MACE) end point (cardiovascular death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, nonfatal stroke) by 13% and 24%, respectively. The EMPA-REG OUTCOME, ...
Source: Diabetes Care - June 21, 2017 Category: Endocrinology Authors: Abdul-Ghani, M.; DeFronzo, R. A.; Del Prato, S.; Chilton, R.; Singh, R.; Ryder, R. E. J. Tags: Epidemiology-Diabetes Complications Perspectives in Care Source Type: research

Impact of glucose-lowering therapies on risk of stroke in type 2 diabetes.
Abstract Patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) have an increased risk of stroke compared with people without diabetes. However, the effects of glucose-lowering drugs on risk of ischaemic stroke in T2D have been less extensively investigated than in coronary heart disease. Some evidence, including the UKPDS, has suggested a reduced risk of stroke with metformin, although the number of studies is limited. Inhibition of the KATP channels increases ischaemic brain lesions in animals. This is in agreement with a recent meta-analysis showing an increased risk of stroke with sulphonylureas vs. various comparators as both m...
Source: Diabetes and Metabolism - May 15, 2017 Category: Endocrinology Authors: Bonnet F, Scheen AJ Tags: Diabetes Metab Source Type: research

Pioglitazone and cardiovascular risk reduction: time for a second look?
Insulin resistance, a fundamental pathophysiological abnormality in patients with type 2 diabetes, is associated with increased cardiovascular (CV) disease risk. In diabetes management, the macrovascular impact of antihyperglycemic agents that do not improve insulin sensitivity has generally been disappointing. In contrast, glucose-lowering drugs that work as insulin sensitizing agents have been postulated to reduce CV complications. The data to support this hypothesis have, however, been inconsistent. The impact of thiazolidinediones on macrovascular events is of particular interest. In this review, we discuss the results...
Source: Cardiovascular Endocrinology - May 12, 2017 Category: Cardiology Tags: Review articles Source Type: research

Letter by Castilla-Guerra et al Regarding Article, “Pioglitazone for Secondary Stroke Prevention: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis” Letter to the Editor
Source: Stroke - April 24, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Luis Castilla–Guerra, Maria del Carmen Fernandez–Moreno, Jose Antonio Perez de Leon Tags: Diabetes, Type 2, Risk Factors, Secondary Prevention, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke, Vascular Disease Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Abstract 013: Using the Diabetes Collaborative Registry (DCR) to Estimate the Potential Real-world Impact of the Iris Trial on Improving Outcomes in Patients With Cerebrovascular Disease Session Title: Poster Session I
Conclusion: In a large US-based outpatient registry, we found that 12% of outpatients with prediabetes or diet-controlled T2D met the main eligibility criteria for IRIS, partly due to the narrow inclusion criteria of the trial but also likely reflective of a general paucity of screening for prediabetes and insulin resistance in this cohort. Pioglitazone was rarely used in these patients but could have a substantial impact on CV outcomes in these eligible patients. The population impact could be even greater if the CV benefit of pioglitazone can be demonstrated in patients with cerebrovascular disease and overt T2D or even ...
Source: Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes - March 31, 2017 Category: Cardiology Authors: Arnold, S. V., Inzucchi, S. E., Tang, F., McGuire, D. K., Mehta, S. N., Maddox, T. M., Goyal, A., Sperling, L. S., Einhorn, D., Wong, N. D., Kosiborod, M. Tags: Session Title: Poster Session I Source Type: research

Cardiac Outcomes After Ischemic Stroke or TIA: Effects of Pioglitazone in Patients with Insulin Resistance Without Diabetes.
Conclusions -Among patients with insulin resistance without diabetes, pioglitazone reduced the risk for acute coronary syndromes after a recent cerebrovascular event. Pioglitazone appeared to have its most prominent effect in preventing spontaneous type 1 MI's. Clinical Trial Registration - https://clinicaltrials.gov Unique Identifier: NCT00091949 US Food & Drug Administration IND: 64,622; EudraCT#2008-005546-23. PMID: 28246237 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Circulation - February 28, 2017 Category: Cardiology Authors: Young LH, Viscoli CM, Curtis JP, Inzucchi SE, Schwartz GG, Lovejoy AM, Furie KL, Gorman MJ, Conwit RA, Abbott JD, Jacoby DL, Kolansky DM, Pfau SE, Ling FS, Kernan WN, IRIS Investigators Tags: Circulation Source Type: research

Pioglitazone for Secondary Stroke Prevention Clinical Sciences
Conclusions—Pioglitazone reduces recurrent stroke and major vascular events in ischemic stroke patients with insulin resistance, prediabetes, and diabetes mellitus.
Source: Stroke - January 23, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Meng Lee, Jeffrey L. Saver, Hung-Wei Liao, Chun-Hsien Lin, Bruce Ovbiagele Tags: Cardiovascular Disease, Diabetes, Type 2, Secondary Prevention, Meta Analysis, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research

Antidiabetic agents and cardiovascular outcomes in patients with heart diseases.
This article reviews evidence of benefits and risk of antidiabetic agents in cardiovascular (CV) outcomes, with a focus on medications approved by the FDA since 2008. Peer-reviewed articles were identified from MEDLINE and Current Content database (both 1966 to October 1, 2016) using the search terms insulin, metformin, rosiglitazone, pioglitazone, glyburide, glipizide, glimepiride, acarbose, miglitol, albiglutide, exenatide, liraglutide, lixisenatide, dulaglutide, pramlintide, meglitinide, alogliptin, linagliptin, saxagliptin, sitagliptin, canagliflozin, dapagliflozin, empagliflozin, colesevalam, bromocriptine, mortality,...
Source: Current Medical Research and Opinion - January 19, 2017 Category: Research Tags: Curr Med Res Opin Source Type: research

Pioglitazone and cardiovascular outcomes in patients with insulin resistance, pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Conclusions Pioglitazone was associated with reduced risk of MACE in people with insulin resistance, pre-diabetes and diabetes mellitus. However, the risks of heart failure, bone fracture, oedema and weight gain were increased.
Source: BMJ Open - January 5, 2017 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Liao, H.-W., Saver, J. L., Wu, Y.-L., Chen, T.-H., Lee, M., Ovbiagele, B. Tags: Open access, Cardiovascular medicine, Diabetes and Endocrinology Research Source Type: research

Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors and protection against stroke: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
CONCLUSION: The promising data from experimental studies regarding cardioprotective gliptin-associated effects against stroke were not supported by available data from trials specifically looking at cardiovascular safety. PMID: 27916514 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Diabetes and Metabolism - December 1, 2016 Category: Endocrinology Authors: Barkas F, Elisaf M, Tsimihodimos V, Milionis H Tags: Diabetes Metab Source Type: research

Expensive New Diabetes Drugs Add Nothing But Cost And Complications
This is the fourth in an ongoing series of blogs exposing the rampant misuse of the medications so aggressively promoted by greedy drug companies. I am very lucky in having the perfect partner in this truth-vs-power effort to contradict Pharma propaganda with evidence based fact. Dick Bijl is President of the International Society of Drug Bulletins (ISDB), an impressive association of 53 national drug bulletins from all around the world, each of which publishes the best available data on the pluses and minuses of different medications. Drug bulletins help patients and doctors see through the misleading misinformation ge...
Source: Science - The Huffington Post - November 17, 2016 Category: Science Source Type: news

Pioglitazone in patients with insulin resistance after ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack: A comment on the IRIS trial
Pioglitazone, an antidiabetic drug, also exerts several cardiometabolic benefits including antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antihypertensive, vasoprotective and hypolipidemic effects. These pioglitazone-related benefits have been observed in different patient populations such as those with prediabetes, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). With regard to cardiovascular (CV) morbidity and mortality, there is conflicting evidence.Recently, the Insulin Resistance Intervention after Stroke (IRIS) trial reported a significant pioglitazone-induced decrease in CV morbidity in patients with insulin ...
Source: Journal of Diabetes and Its Complications - September 18, 2016 Category: Endocrinology Authors: Niki Katsiki, Dimitri P Mikhailidis Source Type: research

3 Drugs with the Most Severe Side Effects
Image Source Drugs have been known to have some sort of side effects on patients. Most of them are not often discussed in the health tabloids. While other drugs have side effects that are very nominal when compared to the benefits the patient derives from their usage, others have side effects that can impact the lives of their users forever. The most common side effects people experience from drug usage are gastrointestinal related issues which include constipation, nausea, and vomiting. Some other drugs can leave you feeling tired and dizzy for a short period of time. Combining these drugs with simple aspirin will usuall...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - August 20, 2016 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Insulin Resistance Intervention After Stroke Trial of Pioglitazone: Is This Perhaps the End of the Beginning? Emerging Therapy Critiques
Source: Stroke - June 27, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Ntaios, G., Kent, T. A. Tags: Diabetes, Type 2 Emerging Therapy Critiques Source Type: research

Pioglitazone Slows Progression to Type 2 Diabetes: More IRIS DataPioglitazone Slows Progression to Type 2 Diabetes: More IRIS Data
New and previously reported data from the IRIS trial prompt discussion of reevaluating the role of now-generic pioglitazone in the treatment and prevention of diabetes and stroke. Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Diabetes Headlines - June 17, 2016 Category: Endocrinology Tags: Diabetes & Endocrinology News Source Type: news

EMPA-REG and Other Cardiovascular Outcome Trials of Glucose-lowering Agents: Implications for Future Treatment Strategies in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.
Abstract During the last decade, the armamentarium for glucose-lowering drugs has increased enormously by the development of DPP-4 inhibitors, GLP-1 receptor agonists and SGLT2 inhibitors, allowing individualization of antidiabetic therapy for patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). Some combinations can now be used without an increased risk for severe hypoglycemia and weight gain. Following a request of the US Food and Drug Administration, many large cardiovascular (CV) outcome studies have been performed in patients with longstanding disease and established CV disease. In the majority of CV outcome studies, CV ris...
Source: Clinical Therapeutics - May 19, 2016 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Schernthaner G, Schernthaner-Reiter MH, Schernthaner GH Tags: Clin Ther Source Type: research

Diabetes drug pioglitazone could get personal: Neither panacea, nor peril
When I was in training, one of my beloved mentors declared, “I never use a drug until it’s been on the market for 20 years.” I was young enough then that I couldn’t fathom being a doctor for 20 years, let alone waiting two decades to use a new drug. As my career has progressed, I’ve seen many new drugs released to the market. Some of them are truly miraculous, bringing people longer, healthier, and more productive lives. Many of them have not withstood the test of time. More than a few have even been taken off the market. Even though the Food and Drug Administration diligently reviews each new medicine before it...
Source: New Harvard Health Information - May 5, 2016 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Lori Wiviott Tishler, MD, MPH Tags: Diabetes Drugs and Supplements pioglitazone thiazolidinediones Source Type: news

Revitalization of pioglitazone: the optimum agent to be combined with a sodium‐glucose co‐transporter‐2 inhibitor
The recently completed EMPA‐REG study showed that empagliflozin significantly decreased the major adverse cardiac events (MACE) endpoint, which comprised cardiovascular death, non‐fatal myocardial infarction (MI) and stroke, in patients with high‐risk type 2 diabetes (T2DM), primarily through a reduction in cardiovascular death, without a significant decrease in either MI or stroke. In the PROactive study, pioglitazone decreased the MACE endpoint by a similar degree to that observed in the EMPA‐REG study, through a marked reduction in both recurrent MI and stroke and a modest reduction in cardiovascular death. Thes...
Source: Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism - April 6, 2016 Category: Endocrinology Authors: R. A. DeFronzo, R. Chilton, L. Norton, G. Clarke, R. E. J. Ryder, M. Abdul‐Ghani Tags: PERSPECTIVE Source Type: research

Revitalization of Pioglitazone: The Optimal Agent to be Combined with an SGLT2 Inhibitor
ABSTRACT The recently completed EMPA‐REG study demonstrated that empagliflozin significantly decreased the MACE endpoint (cardiovascular death, nonfatal MI, stroke) in high risk type 2 diabetic patients, primarily due to a reduction in cardiovascular death, without a significant decrease in either myocardial infarction or stroke. In PROactive, pioglitazone decreased the MACE endpoint by a similar degree to that in EMPA‐REG, due to a marked reduction in both recurrent myocardial infarction and stroke and a modest reduction in cardiovascular death. These observations suggest that pioglitazone might be an ideal agent to c...
Source: Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism - February 25, 2016 Category: Endocrinology Authors: Ralph A. DeFronzo, Robert Chilton, Luke Norton, Geoffrey Clarke, Robert E.J. Ryder, Muhammad Abdul‐Ghani Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Diabetes drug may prevent recurring strokes
Pioglitazone, a drug used for type 2 diabetes, may prevent recurrent stroke and heart attacks in people with insulin resistance but without diabetes. The results of the Insulin Resistance Intervention after Stroke (IRIS) trial, presented at the International Stroke Conference 2016 in Los Angeles and published in the New England Journal of Medicine, suggest a potential new method to prevent stroke and heart attack in high-risk patients who have already had one stroke or transient ischemic attack.
Source: World Pharma News - February 18, 2016 Category: Pharmaceuticals Tags: Featured Research Research and Development Source Type: news

Ten‐year observational follow‐up of PROactive: a randomized cardiovascular outcomes trial evaluating pioglitazone in type 2 diabetes
ConclusionsThe trends of macrovascular benefits of pioglitazone compared with placebo during PROactive did not persist in the absence of continued pioglitazone during this 10‐year follow‐up. Trends of decreased bladder cancer and increased prostate cancer were observed in the pioglitazone group during follow‐up; however, these imbalances should be interpreted with caution because of the limitations of the observational study design.
Source: Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism - January 8, 2016 Category: Endocrinology Authors: E. Erdmann, S. Harding, H. Lam, A. Perez Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

10‐Year Observational Follow‐Up of PROactive: a randomized cardiovascular outcomes trial evaluating pioglitazone in type 2 diabetes
ConclusionsThe trends of macrovascular benefits of pioglitazone compared with placebo during PROactive did not persist in the absence of continued pioglitazone during this 10‐year follow‐up. Trends of decreased bladder cancer and increased prostate cancer were observed in the pioglitazone group during follow‐up; however, these imbalances should be interpreted with caution due to limitations of the observational study design.
Source: Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism - November 23, 2015 Category: Endocrinology Authors: Erland Erdmann, Sarah Harding, Hung Lam, Alfonso Perez Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Effects of Pioglitazone for Secondary Stroke Prevention in Patients with Impaired Glucose Tolerance and Newly Diagnosed Diabetes: The J-SPIRIT Study.
CONCLUSIONS: While this study was too underpowered to determine the effect of pioglitazone, the result failed to show beneficial effects in patients of ischemic stroke or TIA with impaired glucose tolerance and newly diagnosed diabetes. PMID: 26269002 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis - August 15, 2015 Category: Cardiology Tags: J Atheroscler Thromb Source Type: research

Cardiovascular safety of albiglutide in the Harmony programme: a meta-analysis
Publication date: Available online 11 August 2015 Source:The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology Author(s): Miles Fisher, Mark C Petrie, Philip D Ambery, Jill Donaldson, John J V McMurray, June Ye Background Albiglutide is a glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist, a new class of drugs used to treat type 2 diabetes. We did a prospective meta-analysis of the cardiovascular safety of albiglutide as stipulated by the US Food and Drug Administration recommendations for the assessment of new treatments for diabetes. Methods We did a meta-analysis of eight phase 3 trials and one phase 2b trial in which patients wer...
Source: The Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology - August 12, 2015 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Cardiovascular risks associated with second‐line oral antidiabetic agents added to metformin in patients with Type 2 diabetes: a nationwide cohort study
ConclusionThere were no differences in overall cardiovascular risks among several add‐on second‐line oral antidiabetic agents; however, glinide plus metformin and α‐glucosidase inhibitors plus metformin combination therapies might be associated with lower risks of acute myocardial infarction.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Source: Diabetic Medicine - May 1, 2015 Category: Endocrinology Authors: Y.‐C. Chang, L.‐M. Chuang, J.‐W. Lin, S.‐T. Chen, M.‐S. Lai, C.‐H. Chang Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

FDA approves alogliptin for type 2 diabetes as three separate preparations
Source: FDA Area: News The FDA has approved alogliptin for the treatment of type 2 diabetes as three separate preparations: alogliptin monotherapy; alogliptin in combination with metformin; and alogliptin in combination with pioglitazone.   Alogliptin stimulates insulin release following meals and was shown to be safe and effective as monotherapy in 14 clinical trials involving approximately 8,500 patients with type 2 diabetes.  Alogliptin monotherapy reduced glycosylated haemoglobin (HBA1c) by 0.4 to 0.6% compared to placebo following 26 weeks of treatment.   The FDA has requested additional data ...
Source: NeLM - News - January 28, 2013 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: news