Countries: Norway Health
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Total 106 results found since Jan 2013.
Data from national health registers as endpoints for the Troms ø Study: Correctness and completeness of stroke diagnoses
CONCLUSIONS: Data from the Norwegian Patient Register and from the linked data set between the Norwegian Patient Register and the Norwegian Stroke Register had acceptable levels of correctness and completeness to be considered as endpoint sources for the Tromsø Study Cardiovascular Disease Register. The benefits of using data from national registers as endpoints in epidemiological studies must be weighed against the impact of potentially decreased data quality.PMID:34120523 | DOI:10.1177/14034948211021191
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - June 14, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Torunn Varmdal Maja-Lisa L øchen Tom Wilsgaard Inger Nj ølstad Audhild Nyrnes Sameline Grimsgaard Ellisiv B Mathiesen Source Type: research
Telemedicine remote controlled stroke evaluation and treatment, the experience of radiographers, paramedics and junior doctors in a novel rural stroke management team
CONCLUSIONS: The telemedicine-based, remote controlled, stroke evaluation and treatment was experienced, by the participants, to be well organised and of high quality. Communication and image reading appear to be the salient challenges. Regular training sessions and follow-up, as well as an evaluation of incidents by the project manager, proved to be of great importance in retaining and securing the continued running of the service and ensuring high-quality treatment. Further research is indicated in the comparison of this telemedicine service with stroke treatment given in a mainstream hospital.PMID:34090447 | DOI:10.1186/s12913-021-06591-1
Source: Rural Remote Health - June 6, 2021 Category: Rural Health Authors: Elin Kjelle Aud Mette Myklebust Source Type: research
Factors associated with met and unmet rehabilitation needs after stroke: A multicentre cohort study in Denmark and Norway
CONCLUSION: Similar levels of met and unmet needs for training and help at 3 months after stroke were reported despite differences in the organization of the rehabilitation services. Functioning and psychological factors were associated with unmet rehabilitation needs.PMID:33846761 | DOI:10.2340/16501977-2828
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - April 13, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Guri Heiberg Cecilie R øe Oddgeir Friborg Synne Garder Pedersen Henrietta Holm Stabel J ørgen Feldbæk Nielsen Audny Anke Source Type: research
Binge drinking and risk of ischemic heart disease and stroke: a study of pooled Norwegian health surveys
Am J Epidemiol. 2021 Mar 15:kwab063. doi: 10.1093/aje/kwab063. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTNorwegian health survey data (1987 - 2003) were analysed to determine if binge drinking increases the risk of incident major events from ischemic heart disease (IHD) and stroke. Among current drinkers reporting average alcohol intakes between 2 to 60 g/day (n = 44,476), frequent binge drinking (5+ units ≥ once per month) was not associated with a greater risk of IHD (adjusted hazard ratio = 0.91, 95% confidence interval: 0.76, 1.09) nor stroke (adjusted hazard ratio = 0.98, 95% confidence interval: 0.81, 1.19), in comparison with...
Source: Am J Epidemiol - March 15, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Eirik Degerud Gudrun H øiseth J ørg Mørland Inger Ariansen Sidsel Graff-Iversen Eivind Ystrom Luisa Zuccolo Grethe S Tell Øyvind Næss Source Type: research
Associations of Binge Drinking With the Risks of Ischemic Heart Disease and Stroke: A Study of Pooled Norwegian Health Surveys
AbstractNorwegian health survey data (1987 –2003) were analyzed to determine if binge drinking increases the risk of incident major events from ischemic heart disease (IHD) and stroke. Among current drinkers reporting average alcohol intakes of 2.00–59.99 g/day (n = 44,476), frequent binge drinking (≥5 units at least once per month) was not associated with a greater risk of IHD (adjusted hazard ratio (HR) = 0.91, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.76, 1.09) or stroke (adjusted HR = 0.98, 95% CI: 0.81, 1.19), in comparison with participants who reported that they never or only infrequently (less than once per month...
Source: American Journal of Epidemiology - March 15, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research
Stroke admission rates before, during and after the first phase of the COVID-19 pandemic
ConclusionThe period of COVID-19 lockdown was associated with a temporary reduction in total admissions of strokes. In particular, there were fewer with TIA and mild stroke. Given the need to prevent the worsening of symptoms and risk of recurrence, it is necessary to emphasise the importance to seek medical care even in states of emergency.
Source: Neurological Sciences - January 11, 2021 Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Cognitive and emotional symptoms in patients with first-ever mild stroke: The syndrome of hidden impairments.
CONCLUSION: Hidden impairments are common after first-ever mild stroke in younger patients. Stroke physicians should screen for hidden impairments using appropriate tools. PMID: 33145603 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - November 5, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: J Rehabil Med Source Type: research
The neurological fatigue index for stroke. Reliability of a Norwegian version.
CONCLUSION: NFI-Stroke has high test-retest reliability, and high internal consistency with neither floor nor ceiling effects for persons with stroke. The questionnaire may be useful both in general rehabilitation in institutions as well as in the municipal health services. PMID: 32967537 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - September 23, 2020 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Taasen I, Loureiro AP, Langhammer B Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research
Post-stroke health-related quality of life at 3 and 12 months and predictors of change in a Danish and Arctic Norwegian Region.
CONCLUSION: In this population with mild and moderate stroke, QOLIBRI-OS scores were slightly higher in the Norwegian region. Approximately 50% of participants experienced clinically important changes in satis-faction with functioning and wellbeing between 3 and 12 months post-stroke. Younger age predicted nega-tive change. This result could indicate increased rehabilitation needs over time in young patients and should be investigated further. PMID: 32735024 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - August 2, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: J Rehabil Med Source Type: research
The association of stroke severity with health-related quality of life in survivors of acute cerebrovascular disease and their informal caregivers during the first year post stroke: a survey study
ConclusionThe informal caregivers and survivors with TIA did not report lower than expected HRQoL. Increasing stroke severity was associated with decreasing HRQoL among survivors, but had limited predictive value among caregivers. Other factors may therefore be better indicators of ‘at risk’ caregivers.
Source: Quality of Life Research - May 8, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research
Low grade albuminuria as a risk factor for subtypes of stroke - the HUNT Study in Norway
Albuminuria is a marker for endothelial dysfunction and knowledge on its association with stroke and stroke subtypes are limited.
Source: BMC Neurology - May 2, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Jens W. Horn, Solfrid Romundstad, Hanne Ellekj ær, Imre Janszky and Julie Horn Tags: Research article Source Type: research
Stroke-Specific Quality of Life one-year post-stroke in two Scandinavian country-regions with different organisation of rehabilitation services: a prospective study.
Conclusions: Successful improvements in one-year functioning in both country-regions may result from optimising long-term rehabilitation services to address cognitive, emotional, and social functioning. Stroke-Specific Quality of Life one-year post-stroke could be explained by individual factors, such as pre-stroke dependency and mental health, rather than differences in the organisation of subacute rehabilitation services.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONThe stroke-specific health related quality of life (SS-QOL) assessment tool captures multidimensional effects of a stroke from the perspective of the patient, which is clin...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - April 30, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Pedersen SG, Friborg O, Heiberg GA, Arntzen C, Stabel HH, Thrane G, Nielsen JF, Anke A Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research
Association of increased arterial stiffness with diastolic dysfunction in ischemic stroke patients: the Norwegian Stroke in the Young Study
Background: Young and middle-aged ischemic stroke survivors have a high prevalence of hypertension, increased arterial stiffness and abnormal left ventricular (LV) geometry, which all are associated with the presence of LV diastolic dysfunction. However, the prevalence and covariates of diastolic dysfunction in these patients have not been reported. Objectives: To explore diastolic dysfunction in ischemic stroke patients aged 15–60 years included in the Norwegian Stroke in the Young Study. Methods: Data from 260 patients with acute ischemic stroke was analyzed. Diastolic dysfunction was assessed by combining tran...
Source: Journal of Hypertension - February 7, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: ORIGINAL PAPERS: Organ damage Source Type: research
Oral health and cardiovascular disease risk factors and mortality of cerebral haemorrhage, cerebral infarction and unspecified stroke in elderly men: A prospective cohort study.
Conclusions: Oral health measured by number of tooth extractions >10 was an independent predictor for cerebral infarction in addition to age, HDL-C, hs-C-reactive protein and diabetes. The pattern of risk factors varied between the specific stroke diagnoses. PMID: 31814529 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - December 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Håheim LL, Nafstad P, Schwarze PE, Olsen I, Rønningen KS, Thelle DS Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research
Asthma, asthma control and risk of stroke: the Nord-Trondelag Health Study (HUNT)
Conclusions: Active asthma was associated with modest increased risk of stroke in males and smokers independently of other conventional cardiovascular risk factors.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - November 20, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Cepelis, A., Brumpton, B., Laugsand, L., Langhammer, A., Janszky, I., Strand, L. Tags: Epidemiology Source Type: research
Stroke follow-up in primary care: a Norwegian modelling study on the implications of multimorbidity for guideline adherence
Specialized acute treatment and high-quality follow-up is meant to reduce mortality and disability from stroke. While the acute treatment for stroke takes place in hospitals, the follow-up of stroke survivors ...
Source: BMC Family Practice - October 18, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Rune Aakvik Pedersen, Halfdan Petursson and Irene Hetlevik Tags: Research article Source Type: research
Fewer ischemic strokes, despite an ageing population: stroke models from observed incidence in Norway 2010 –2015
Stroke incidence rates have fallen in high-income countries over the last several decades, but findings regarding the trend over recent years have been mixed. The aim of the study was to describe and model tem...
Source: BMC Health Services Research - October 16, 2019 Category: General Medicine Authors: Kim Rand, Fredrik Andreas Dahl, Joe Viana, Ole Morten R ønning, Kashif Waqar Faiz and Mathias Barra Tags: Research article Source Type: research
Relationship between pre-stroke physical activity and symptoms of post-stroke anxiety and depression: An observational study.
CONCLUSION: In this group of patients with mild symptoms of emotional distress, it seems that pre-stroke physical activity might be protective against post-stroke depression, but not anxiety. Many patients with mild-to-moderate stroke report being equally active before and after the stroke. PMID: 31565752 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - October 1, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: J Rehabil Med Source Type: research
Experiences of quality of life the first year after stroke in Denmark and Norway. A qualitative analysis.
Conclusions: The two countries differed in descriptions of continuity and support in the professional follow-up during the recovery process, influencing the degree of encouragement in reconstructing the embodied self. Reconstruction of the embodied self is a means of understanding stroke survivors' QOL during the first year of recovery, supporting an individualized and tailored rehabilitation practice. PMID: 31547779 [PubMed - in process]
Source: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being - September 26, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Qual Stud Health Well-being Source Type: research
Effect of a dialogue-based intervention on psychosocial well-being 6 months after stroke in Norway: A randomized controlled trial.
CONCLUSION: Psychosocial well-being improved during the first 6 months after stroke in both arms of the trial, but no statistically significant benefit of the dialogue-based intervention was found compared with usual care. PMID: 31411337 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - August 15, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: J Rehabil Med Source Type: research
A physical activity program is no more effective than standard care at maintaining upper limb activity in community-dwelling people with stroke: secondary outcomes from a randomized trial.
CONCLUSION: After intervention, there was no difference between the groups in terms of upper-limb activity. PMID: 31198048 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical Rehabilitation - June 13, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Langhammer B, Ada L, Gunnes M, Ihle-Hansen H, Indredavik B, Askim T Tags: Clin Rehabil Source Type: research
Stroke severity quantification by critical care physicians in a mobile stroke unit
Conclusion Critical care physicians in a mobile stroke unit may use the NIHSS as a clinical tool in the assessment of patients experiencing acute stroke. The disagreement in NIHSS scores was mainly for very low values and would not have changed the handling of the patients.
Source: European Journal of Emergency Medicine - May 1, 2019 Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Original articles Source Type: research
Development of grip strength during the first year after stroke.
CONCLUSION: Grip strength in the affected hand improved considerably in the first year post-stroke. Patterns of improvement were similar across tests, i.e. rapid during the first weeks, slower until 6 months, and minimal 6-12 months post-stroke. PMID: 30848829 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - March 10, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: J Rehabil Med Source Type: research
Left ventricular myocardial dysfunction in young and middle-aged ischemic stroke patients: the Norwegian stroke in the young study
Background: Hypertension is highly prevalent in ischemic stroke patients, but less is known about its impact on subclinical left ventricular (LV) dysfunction in such patients. Methods: Conventional and speckle tracking echocardiography was performed in 276 young (15–44 years) and middle-aged (45–60 years) ischemic stroke patients (mean age 50 ± 9 years, 66% men). Hypertension was defined as a history of hypertension, use of antihypertensive medications, persistently elevated blood pressure (BP) during hospitalization or elevated clinic BP (≥140/90 mmHg) and ambulatory BP (≥130/80 mmHg) at follow-up vi...
Source: Journal of Hypertension - February 1, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: ORIGINAL PAPERS: Heart Source Type: research
Stroke risk after transient ischemic attack in a Norwegian prospective cohort
Transient ischemic attack (TIA) is a risk factor of stroke. Modern treatment regimens and changing risk factors in the population justify new estimates of stroke risk after TIA, and evaluation of the recommend...
Source: BMC Neurology - January 3, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Fredrik Ildstad, Hanne Ellekj ær, Torgeir Wethal, Stian Lydersen, Janne Kutschera Sund, Hild Fjærtoft, Stephan Schüler, Jens Wilhelm Horn, Geir Bråthen, Ann-Grete Midtsæther, Åse Hagen Morsund, Marja-Liisa Lillebø, Yngve Müller Seljeseth and Bent Tags: Research article Source Type: research
The Norwegian Cognitive impairment after stroke study (Nor-COAST): study protocol of a multicentre, prospective cohort study
Early and late onset post-stroke cognitive impairment (PCI) contributes substantially to disability following stroke, and is a high priority within stroke research. The aetiology for PCI is complex and related...
Source: BMC Neurology - November 26, 2018 Category: Neurology Authors: Pernille Thingstad, Torunn Askim, Mona K. Beyer, Geir Br åthen, Hanne Ellekjær, Hege Ihle-Hansen, Anne Brita Knapskog, Stian Lydersen, Ragnhild Munthe-Kaas, Halvor Næss, Sarah T. Pendlebury, Yngve Muller Seljeseth and Ingvild Saltvedt Tags: Study protocol Source Type: research
Changes in survival and characteristics among older stroke unit patients —1994 versus 2012
ConclusionsThree ‐year survival in older Norwegian stroke patients treated on an SU remained stable despite improved treatment in the last decades. Differences in background characteristics may explain this lack of difference; patients in 2012 were older, more often living in supported care, and had higher prestro ke comorbidity; however, their strokes were milder and risk factors more often treated.
Source: Brain and Behavior - November 25, 2018 Category: Neurology Authors: Angela Susan Labberton, Ole Morten R ønning, Bente Thommessen, Mathias Barra Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research
Effects of introducing a fee for “bed blockers” on adverse events among patients hospitalized for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, heart failure, hip fracture and stroke
Conclusion: Overall, there is no strong evidence to suggest that the Norwegian healthcare Coordination Reform is functioning in a manner that exacerbates risk for readmissions or death among the patients considered in this study. Even so, patients with heart failure appear somewhat vulnerable. Published on 2018-10-23 00:00:00
Source: International Journal of Integrated Care - October 23, 2018 Category: Nursing Source Type: research
Covariables and types of abnormal left ventricular geometry in nonelderly ischemic stroke survivors: the Norwegian Stroke in the Young Study
Background: Abnormal left ventricular (LV) geometry types, like LV hypertrophy (LVH) and concentric remodelling, are independently associated with impaired prognosis in hypertension. Little is known about the prevalence and covariables of abnormal LV geometry types in younger ischemic stroke patients. Methods: We used clinical and echocardiographic data from 280 patients aged 15–60 years included in the Norwegian Stroke in the Young Study. LVH was defined as LV mass index greater than 46.7 g/m2.7 in women and greater than 49.2 g/m2.7 in men. Concentric remodelling was considered present if posterior wall thickne...
Source: Journal of Hypertension - September 1, 2018 Category: Cardiology Tags: ORIGINAL PAPERS: Organ damage Source Type: research
Risk factors for stroke and choice of oral anticoagulant in atrial fibrillation
ConclusionsThe uptake of DOACs was rapid and spurred an increase in new users of oral anticoagulants for atrial fibrillation from 2010 to 2015 in Norway. The mean CHA2DS2-VASc score did not change substantially during this period. Vascular disease, heart failure, and diabetes were associated with initiation of warfarin, and previous stroke, age 65 –74 and female sex with initiation of DOACs.
Source: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology - August 16, 2018 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Differences in and Determinants of Prehospital Delay Times among Stroke Patients —1994 Versus 2012
This study investigates how prehospital delay among Norwegian stroke patients has changed over the last 2 decades.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - May 11, 2018 Category: Neurology Authors: Angela Susan Labberton, Kashif Waqar Faiz, Ole Morten R ønning, Bente Thommessen, Mathias Barra Source Type: research
Distribution of risk factors for cardiovascular disease and the estimated 10-year risk of acute myocardial infarction or cerebral stroke in Sami and non-Sami populations: The SAMINOR 2 Clinical Survey.
CONCLUSIONS: There were no differences in 10-year risk of AMI or CS between the Sami and non-Sami populations in 10 selected municipalities in Northern Norway. PMID: 29806547 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - May 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Siri SRA, Braaten T, Jacobsen BK, Melhus M, Eliassen BM Tags: Scand J Public Health Source Type: research
The PAr index, an indicator reflecting altered vitamin B-6 homeostasis, is associated with long-term risk of stroke in the general population: the Hordaland Health Study (HUSK)
ConclusionsHigher plasma PAr was independently associated with increased risk of incident stroke in all participants and across all subgroups stratified by conventional risk predictors. Our novel findings point to and expand the range of inflammation and immune activation processes that may be relevant for the pathogenesis and prevention of stroke. This trial was registered at clinicaltrials.gov as NCT03013725.
Source: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - January 26, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
Prevalence and covariates of uncontrolled hypertension in ischemic stroke survivors: the Norwegian stroke in the young study.
CONCLUSION: Uncontrolled hypertension was highly prevalent in ischemic stroke survivors <60 years and associated with co-presence of obesity and functional and structural arterial damage. Our results highlight the unmet potential and challenge of optimization of hypertension diagnosis and management in order to prevent recurrent vascular events in ischemic stroke survivors. PMID: 29334265 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Blood Pressure - January 16, 2018 Category: Hematology Tags: Blood Press Source Type: research
The Burden of Stroke Mimics: Present and Future Projections
An increasing proportion of patients presenting with suspected stroke prove to have other conditions, often referred to as stroke mimics. The aim of this study was to present a projection of the number of hospitalized strokes, transient ischemic attacks (TIAs), and stroke mimics in Norway up to the year 2050 based on expected demographic changes, to estimate the burden of stroke mimics in the coming decades.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - January 10, 2018 Category: Neurology Authors: Kashif Waqar Faiz, Angela Susan Labberton, Bente Thommessen, Ole Morten R ønning, Fredrik A. Dahl, Mathias Barra Source Type: research
When to Screen Ischaemic Stroke Patients for Cancer
Conclusions: Active cancer was found in 5% of our ischemic stroke patients. We found that a clinical score comprising elevated D-dimer ≥3 mg/L, lower Hb ≤12.0 g/dL and previous or current smoking is feasible for predicting active cancer in ischemic stroke patients.Cerebrovasc Dis
Source: Cerebrovascular Diseases - January 9, 2018 Category: Neurology Source Type: research
The PAr index, an indicator reflecting altered vitamin B-6 homeostasis, is associated with long-term risk of stroke in the general population: the Hordaland Health Study (HUSK).
Conclusions: Higher plasma PAr was independently associated with increased risk of incident stroke in all participants and across all subgroups stratified by conventional risk predictors. Our novel findings point to and expand the range of inflammation and immune activation processes that may be relevant for the pathogenesis and prevention of stroke. This trial was registered at clinicaltrials.gov as NCT03013725. PMID: 29381795 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - January 1, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Zuo H, Tell GS, Ueland PM, Nygård O, Vollset SE, Midttun Ø, Meyer K, Ulvik A Tags: Am J Clin Nutr Source Type: research
Clinical Importance of Temporal Bone Features for the Efficacy of Contrast-Enhanced Sonothrombolysis: a Retrospective Analysis of the NOR-SASS Trial
AbstractContrast-enhanced sonothrombolysis (CEST) seems to be a safe and promising treatment in acute ischemic stroke. It remains unknown if temporal bone features may influence the efficacy of CEST. We investigated the association between different temporal bone features on admission computed tomography (CT) scan and the outcome in acute ischemic stroke patients included in the randomized Norwegian Sonothrombolysis in Acute Stroke Study (NOR-SASS). Patients diagnosed as stroke mimics and those with infratentorial stroke or with incorrect insonation were excluded. We retrospectively assessed temporal bone heterogeneity (pr...
Source: Translational Stroke Research - November 8, 2017 Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Stroke identification by criteria based dispatch – a register based study
ConclusionThe sensitivity for identification of stroke patients by the dispatch guidelines is modest, while the specificity is high. The 113 telephone line was initial EMCC access point for less than half of the stroke patients.
Source: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica - November 1, 2017 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: E. N. Ellensen, H. Naess, T. Wisborg, S. Hunskaar, E. Zakariassen Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Contrast ‐enhanced sonothrombolysis in acute ischemic stroke patients without intracranial large‐vessel occlusion
ConclusionCEST is safe in ischemic stroke patients without intracranial LVO. There were no differences in clinical outcomes between the treatment groups.
Source: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica - October 25, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: C. E. Kvistad, A. Nacu, V. Novotny, N. Logallo, U. Waje ‐Andreassen, H. Naess, L. Thomassen Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research