Query: stroke

Filtered By:
Countries: Canada Health

This page shows you your search results in order of date.

Order by Relevance | Date

Total 539 results found since Jan 2013.

Intention to Return to Work after Stroke Following Rehabilitation in Ontario.
This study examined the prevalence of intention to return to work after discharge among stroke rehabilitation inpatients. METHODS.: We performed secondary analysis of National Rehabilitation Reporting System data for all stroke rehabilitation inpatients across Ontario (2012-2017). Intention to return to work was examined by gender, age, and level of disability. FINDINGS.: Among 25,691 stroke rehabilitation inpatients, 4,668 (18.2%) were employed pre-stroke and 2,039 (43.7%) of them intended to return to work. Intention to return to work was somewhat higher among younger and middle-aged stroke survivors and those ...
Source: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy - February 13, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Duong PK, Egan MY, Meyer MJ, Morrison TL Tags: Can J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Blood Pressure at Six Months after Acute Myocardial Infarction and Outcomes at Two Years: The Perils Associated with Excessively Low Blood Pressures
ConclusionsLow blood pressure achieved with beta-blocker and renin-angiotensin-aldosterone blocker at 6-month was associated with an increased risk of all-cause mortality independently of confounding factors in patients with AMI. This finding suggests that caution should be taken for patients with AMI who use blood pressure-lowering treatments.
Source: Canadian Journal of Cardiology - February 9, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Status, Indications, and Use of Cardiac Replacement Therapy in the Era of Multimodal Mechanical Approaches to Circulatory Support: A Scoping Review
In conclusion, the Syncardia temporary TAH is a reasonable bridge-to-transplant option for selected patients with either biventricular failure or special anatomic conditions.RésuméLes auteurs décrivent l’utilisation, les indications et les résultats actuels du cœur artificiel total (CAT) temporaire Syncardia (Syncardia Systems, Tucson, AZ, États-Unis), le seul CAT actuellement approuvé comme stratégie de transition vers une transplantation au Canada, aux États-Unis et en Europe. Implanté chez plus de 1 700 patients dans le monde, le CAT temporaire Syncardia est la pompe la plus utilisée. À l’échelle mondia...
Source: Canadian Journal of Cardiology - February 7, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Medical Management of Left Ventricular Assist Device Patients: A Practical Guide for the Nonexpert Clinician
This article provides a concise overview of the medical management of LVAD patients for nonexpert clinicians. Our presentation includes the basics of LVAD physiology, design, and operation, patient selection and assessment, medical management, adverse event identification and management, multidisciplinary care, and management of special circumstances, such as noncardiac surgery, cardiac arrest, and end-of-life care. The clinical examination of LVAD patients is unique in terms of blood pressure and heart rate assessment, LVAD “hum” auscultation, driveline and insertion site inspection, and device parameter recording. Im...
Source: Canadian Journal of Cardiology - February 7, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Electrical versus pharmacological cardioversion for emergency department patients with acute atrial fibrillation (RAFF2): a partial factorial randomised trial
This study is registered at ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT01891058.FindingsBetween July 18, 2013, and Oct 17, 2018, we enrolled 396 patients, and none were lost to follow-up. In the drug–shock group (n=204), conversion to sinus rhythm occurred in 196 (96%) patients and in the shock-only group (n=192), conversion occurred in 176 (92%) patients (absolute difference 4%; 95% CI 0–9; p=0·07). The proportion of patients discharged home was 97% (n=198) versus 95% (n=183; p=0·60). 106 (52%) patients in the drug–shock group converted after drug infusion only. No patients had serious adverse events in follow-up. The differen...
Source: The Lancet - January 31, 2020 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

AI finds infarction in stroke patients on unenhanced CT
Canadian researchers found that their artificial intelligence (AI) algorithm...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: CT plus CT perfusion predicts stroke surgery outcomes CTA lowers costs, improves outcomes for minor stroke Can AI find brain hemorrhage as well as radiologists? Mobile CT unit boosts efficiency of stroke triage SIR: Stroke treatment training program improves outcomes
Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines - January 30, 2020 Category: Radiology Source Type: news

Featured Review: Treating depression after stroke
Depression is common after stroke yet often is not detected or inadequately treated.Review authors from Australia, Canada, Taiwan and the UK asked, " Do pharmacological treatments, non ‐invasive brain stimulation, psychological treatments, or combination treatments reduce the proportion of people with depression or the extent of depressive symptoms after stroke? "The authors included trials that reported on the use of pharmacological, non ‐invasive brain stimulation, psychological, and combination therapy interventions to treat depression after stroke. Mean age of people included in the trials ranged from 54 to 78 year...
Source: Cochrane News and Events - January 28, 2020 Category: Information Technology Authors: Katie Abbotts Source Type: news

Sex Differences in Care Need and Survival in Patients Admitted to Nursing Home Poststroke.
CONCLUSIONS: Despite lower subsequent mortality, women admitted to nursing home after stroke required more care than men. Pain and depression are two treatable symptoms that disproportionately affect women. PMID: 31987059 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences - January 28, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Yu AYX, Maclagan LC, Diong C, Austin PC, Kapral MK, Swartz RH, Bronskill SE Tags: Can J Neurol Sci Source Type: research

Short- and long-term outcomes in dialysis patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation: a systematic review and meta-analysis
ConclusionDialysis patients had significantly higher rates of short- and long-term mortality, short-term life threatening and/or major bleeding, permanent pacemaker implantation, and device failure compared to non-dialysis patients. Careful patient selection who would benefit from TAVI in patients with ESRD requiring dialysis, is necessary to prevent high-rates of post-procedural complications.
Source: Canadian Journal of Cardiology - January 25, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Valve-Sparing Root Replacement vs Composite Valve Grafting in Aortic Root Dilation: A Meta-Analysis
ConclusionsAortic valve sparing appears to be safe, and associated with reduced late mortality, thromboembolism/stroke and bleeding compared with composite valve grafting. Late durability is equivalent. Aortic valve sparing should be considered in patients with favorable aortic valve morphology.Graphical abstract
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - January 23, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Valve-Sparing Root Replacement vs Composite Valve Grafting in Aortic Root Dilation: A Meta-Analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: Aortic valve sparing appears to be safe, and associated with reduced late mortality, thromboembolism/stroke and bleeding compared with composite valve grafting. Late durability is equivalent. Aortic valve sparing should be considered in patients with favorable aortic valve morphology. PMID: 31981499 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - January 22, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Elbatarny M, Tam DY, Edelman JJ, Rocha RV, Chu MWA, Peterson MD, El-Hamamsy I, Appoo JJ, Friedrich JO, Boodhwani M, Yanagawa B, Ouzounian M, Canadian Thoracic Aortic Collaborative (CTAC) Investigators Tags: Ann Thorac Surg Source Type: research

A multifaceted continuing professional development intervention to move stroke rehabilitation guidelines into professional practice: A feasibility study.
Conclusion: This study demonstrated the feasibility of assessing the impact of a CPD intervention in stroke rehabilitation uptake and informed the design of a research program aimed at increasing the use of stroke evidence-based rehabilitation interventions. PMID: 31960782 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - January 21, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Luconi F, Rochette A, Grad R, Hallé MC, Chin D, Habib B, Thomas A Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Common Comorbidities of Stroke in the Canadian Population.
PMID: 31955718 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences - January 20, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Elamy AH, Shuaib A, Carriere KC, Jeerakathil T Tags: Can J Neurol Sci Source Type: research

Predictors of fatal and non-fatal cardiovascular events in ANCA-associated vasculitis: data from the Toronto CanVasc cohort
Conclusions: In this cohort of patients with granulomatosis with polyangiitis and eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis, both traditional and disease related risk factors were predictive of cardiovascular events. Further prospective studies should elucidate the impact of these and other modifiable risk factors on cardiovascular risk in ANCA-associated vasculitis.
Source: Joint Bone Spine - January 18, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Biological agents reduce cardiovascular events in rheumatoid arthritis non-responsive to tumor necrosis factor-inhibitors – a national cohort study
ConclusionsRA TNFi non-responder patients who received second line tocilizumab or abatacept had more benefit on CV events prevention compared with rituximab.
Source: Canadian Journal of Cardiology - January 16, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Effects of Cardiovascular Health Shocks on Spouses’ Work and Earnings: A National Study
Conclusion: Beyond assessing average values, detailed analysis of changes in spousal earnings after common cardiovascular health shocks did not demonstrate effects attributable to those health shocks.
Source: Medical Care - January 15, 2020 Category: Health Management Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Periprocedural Outcomes of Fluoroscopy-Guided Patent Foramen Ovale Closure with Selective Use of Intracardiac Echocardiography
ConclusionOur single centre experience suggests that PFO closure can be safely conducted under fluoroscopic guidance alone with provisional adjunctive ICE use limited to specific anatomical situations.
Source: Canadian Journal of Cardiology - January 15, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Non-Contrast CT and CT-Angiogram for Late Window Ischemic Stroke Treatment Selection.
PMID: 31928557 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences - January 13, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Beaulieu MC, Nehme A, Fortin F, Kakri F, Daneault N, Deschaintre Y, Gioia LC, Jacquin G, Poppe AY, Stapf C, Odier C Tags: Can J Neurol Sci Source Type: research

Exploring Stroke Outcomes Following a Door-to-Needle Quality Improvement Project.
PMID: 31918789 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences - January 10, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Alcock S, Sawatzky JV, Strome T, Doerksen K Tags: Can J Neurol Sci Source Type: research

Geographic access to stroke care services in rural communities in Ontario, Canada.
PMID: 31918777 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences - January 10, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Kapral MK, Hall R, Gozdyra P, Yu AYX, Jin AY, Martin C, Silver FL, Swartz RH, Manuel D, Fang J, Porter J, Koifman J, Austin PC Tags: Can J Neurol Sci Source Type: research

An Important Pediatric Stroke Mimic: Hemiplegic Migraine.
PMID: 31918771 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences - January 10, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Jurkiewicz MT, Vossough A, Pollock AN Tags: Can J Neurol Sci Source Type: research

Thrombolysis without large vessel occlusion in a child with acute arterial ischemic stroke.
PMID: 31915080 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences - January 9, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Hanes I, Orr S, Davila J, Kirton A, Sell E Tags: Can J Neurol Sci Source Type: research

Academic outcome in pediatric ischemic stroke.
Abstract An important cause of acquired brain injury in children, pediatric ischemic stroke can cause sequelae across a wide range of cognitive domains, including verbal reasoning and processing speed. As a result, survivors are especially vulnerable to academic difficulties and face unique challenges compared to their peers. Despite this knowledge, pediatric stroke remains an understudied neurological condition, and its impact on school functioning poorly understood. The present clinical study addressed academic outcome in this population using a multifaceted approach. Patients were recruited for participation fr...
Source: Child Neuropsychology - January 9, 2020 Category: Child Development Authors: Champigny CM, Deotto A, Westmacott R, Dlamini N, Desrocher M Tags: Child Neuropsychol Source Type: research

Temporal Summation in Chronic Pelvic Pain.
CONCLUSION: Women with chronic pelvic pain and allodynia show significant worsening of pain with successive strokes of a cotton-tip applicator, thus indicates that wind-up and central sensitization are present in women with chronic pelvic pain and allodynia. Identification of summation is further evidence of neuroplasticity, which is helpful in innovative therapies for chronic pelvic pain. PMID: 31882288 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada : JOGC - December 30, 2019 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Can Source Type: research

miR-532-3p-CSF2RA Axis as a Key Regulator of Vulnerable Atherosclerotic Plaque Formation
ConclusionsMacrophagic miR-532-3p-CSF2RA axis dysregulation is a key driver in vulnerable plaque formation.
Source: Canadian Journal of Cardiology - December 29, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Flow, Reflected by Stroke Volume Index, Is a Risk Marker in High-Gradient Aortic Stenosis Patients Undergoing Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement
ConclusionsSVi can further characterize patients with HG-AS and may help to identify those who are at increased risk after TAVR.RésuméContexteDes outils sont nécessaires pour dépister les patients exposés à un risque accru à la suite d’un remplacement valvulaire aortique par cathéter (RVAC). Le volume systolique indexé (VSI) est une mesure échocardiographique utilisée dans les cas de sténose aortique à faible gradient. Nous avons vérifié si un faible VSI était un marqueur de risque accru chez les patients présentant une sténose aortique à gradient élevé et avons évalué comment la relation entre le ...
Source: Canadian Journal of Cardiology - December 24, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Dual-Antithrombotic Therapy With DOACs After Acute Coronary Syndrome or Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Atrial Fibrillation: A Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials
ConclusionsIn patients with AF and recent ACS or PCI, the use of dual-antithrombotic therapy with DOACs was associated with less major bleeding and less major bleeding or clinically relevant nonmajor bleeding compared with triple therapy. The use of dual therapy also showed nonsignificantly higher composite of death and ischemic events but no difference in mortality.RésuméContexteIl est difficile de choisir un traitement antithrombotique en cas de fibrillation auriculaire (FA) chez les patients ayant subi un syndrome coronarien aigu (SCA) ou une intervention coronarienne percutanée (ICP). Nous avons comparé les résult...
Source: Canadian Journal of Cardiology - December 24, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Predictors of Cumulative Health Care Costs Associated with Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement in Severe Aortic Stenosis
ConclusionsThis analysis shows that there are 3 distinct phases of cost accumulation from referral to post-TAVR with some potentially modifiable cost drivers in each phase.
Source: Canadian Journal of Cardiology - December 18, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Knowledge and perceptions about perioperative stroke: a cross-sectional survey of patients scheduled for non-neurologic and non-cardiac surgery
ConclusionsPatients at higher risk of stroke frequently underestimate their risk of perioperative stroke. The majority of patients had not discussed perioperative stroke prior to anesthetic consultation.
Source: Canadian Journal of Anesthesia - December 18, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research

Cardiovascular Effects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter-2 Inhibitors in Adults With Type 2 Diabetes
Publication date: Available online 24 September 2019Source: Canadian Journal of DiabetesAuthor(s): Vincent C. WooAbstractAdults with type 2 diabetes mellitus can benefit from pharmacotherapies that lower their risk for cardiovascular disease. This review describes the salient findings from sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitor cardiovascular outcome trials that serendipitously revealed the cardiorenal benefits of SGLT2 inhibitors in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus who either have established cardiovascular disease or multiple cardiovascular risk factors. It also summarizes the findings from other phase 3 cl...
Source: Canadian Journal of Diabetes - December 13, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Prescribing of oral anticoagulants in the emergency department and subsequent long-term use by older adults with atrial fibrillation.
Authors: Atzema CL, Jackevicius CA, Chong A, Dorian P, Ivers NM, Parkash R, Austin PC Abstract BACKGROUND: Patients with atrial fibrillation frequently seek emergency care. Rates of guideline-concordant oral anticoagulant therapy for stroke prevention are suboptimal in the community. We assessed the association between prescribing of oral anticoagulants in the emergency department (relative to referral to a longitudinal care provider for treatment initiation) and long-term use of oral anticoagulants. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study performed at 15 hospitals in Ontario, Canada, involved patients aged 65...
Source: Canadian Medical Association Journal - December 11, 2019 Category: General Medicine Tags: CMAJ Source Type: research

Measha Brueggergosman returns to the stage with 'so much to live for' after heart surgery
Five months after emergency heart surgery, the opera star who lives in Nova Scotia is returning to the stage for holiday concerts in Toronto next week. She’s also urging women to advocate for their own health as the Heart and Stroke Foundation’s new ambassador.
Source: CBC | Health - December 6, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: News/Canada/Nova Scotia Source Type: news

Activity Performance, Participation, and Quality of Life Among Adults in the Chronic Stage After Acquired Brain Injury —The Feasibility of an Occupation-Based Telerehabilitation Intervention
Conclusions: This pilot study demonstrated the feasibility of a metacognitive occupation-based telerehabilitation intervention and its potential benefits in activity performance, participation, and QoL for older adults coping with long-term disability following ABI.Clinical Trial Registration: www.ClinicalTrials.gov, identifier: NCT03048708.
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - December 6, 2019 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Status, Indications and Use of Cardiac Replacement Therapy in the Era of Multimodal Mechanical Approaches to Circulatory Support: A Scoping Review
In conclusion, the SynCardia temporary TAH is a reasonable bridge-to-transplant option for selected patients with either biventricular failure or special anatomical conditions.
Source: Canadian Journal of Cardiology - November 30, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

The Cardiovascular Effects of SGLT2 Inhibitors
Publication date: Available online 24 September 2019Source: Canadian Journal of DiabetesAuthor(s): Vincent C. WooAbstractIndividuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus can benefit from pharmacotherapies that lower their risk for cardiovascular disease. This review describes the salient findings from sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitor cardiovascular outcome trials that serendipitously revealed the cardiorenal benefits of SGLT2 inhibitors in individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus who either have established cardiovascular disease or multiple cardiovascular risk factors. It also summarizes the findings from other ...
Source: Canadian Journal of Diabetes - November 29, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Qualitative Post-Treatment Diffusion-Weighted Imaging as a Predictor of 90-day Outcome in Stroke Intervention.
PMID: 31779719 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences - November 29, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Dmytriw AA, Alrashed A, Enriquez-Marulanda A, Daghighi S, Waggas G, Rezaie A, Heyn C, Yu A, Aviv RI, Da Costa L, Yang VX Tags: Can J Neurol Sci Source Type: research

Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura masquerading as a stroke in a young man.
Authors: Doig CJ, Girard L, Jenkins D PMID: 31767706 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Canadian Medical Association Journal - November 27, 2019 Category: General Medicine Tags: CMAJ Source Type: research

Early Botulinum Toxin Injections for Spasticity Management Post-stroke: A Delphi-based Canadian Consensus
To create a Canadian consensus statement on early intervention with botulinum toxin-A (BoNTA) injections for spasticity post-stroke. Spasticity is commonly seen in the early weeks post-stroke; if left untreated in this early period, spasticity can lead to contractures and further disability. Literature review indicates that there are very few studies examining the benefits of early BoNTA intervention on spasticity and function post-stroke. Although physicians choose to inject BoNTA in the early period post-stroke to manage spasticity, it is not clear what some of the clinical parameters are that can be used to assist in de...
Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - November 23, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Farooq Ismail, Chris Boulias, Chetan Phadke, Jehane Dagher, Karen Ethans, Omar Khan, Galit Kleiner, Rodney Li Pi Shan, Nathania Liem, Alto Lo, Stephen McNeil, Patricia Mills, Marc Petitclerc, Rajiv Reebye, Will Ryan, Amra Saric, Lalith Satkunam, Saty Shar Tags: Late breaking research poster Source Type: research

Portrait of driving practice following a mild stroke: a secondary analysis of a chart audit.
Conclusion: The proportion of charts documenting driving restriction post-stroke in acute care was very low. Assuming that all driving discussions and referrals were captured in the charts (which may not be the case), our results would indicate an important gap in acute care practice as compared to best practices relating to driving post-stroke. PMID: 31702449 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - November 8, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Ouellet MA, Rochette A, Miéville C, Poissant L Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Temporal trends in the unmet health care needs of Canadian stroke survivors.
PMID: 31659950 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences - October 29, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Vyas MV, Fang J, Kapral MK Tags: Can J Neurol Sci Source Type: research

Determinants Influencing the Prestroke Health Behaviors and Cardiovascular Disease Risk of Stroke Patients: A Cross-Sectional Study
Background: Knowledge about stroke and stroke prevention may provide motivation to lead a healthy lifestyle to prevent stroke. The goal of this study is to quantify the knowledge of stroke and stroke prevention of patients with a recent stroke and its association with health behaviors and cardiovascular disease risk. Methods: We conducted a prospective cross-sectional study utilizing consecutive stroke admissions at 2 hospitals in Vancouver, Canada. We included patients within 48-72hours of admission.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - March 29, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Beena P. Parappilly, Thalia S. Field, William B. Mortenson, Brodie M. Sakakibara, Janice J. Eng Source Type: research

Screening Adherence for Depression Post Stroke: Evaluation of Outpatients, a London Experience (SAD PEOPLE).
CONCLUSION: This study highlights the frequency of depressive symptoms in an outpatient cohort and demonstrates how screening rates can be improved by using a standardized form. Routine PHQ-9 completion at the first outpatient visit was associated with more physician-patient discussion and documentation regarding mood. PMID: 30346909 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - October 22, 2018 Category: Neurology Authors: MacKenzie HM, Rice D, Teasell R, Macaluso S Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Importance of Considering Competing Risks in Time-to-Event Analyses: Application to Stroke Risk in a Retrospective Cohort Study of Elderly Patients With Atrial Fibrillation Original Articles
Conclusions: The incidence of death without stroke was 9-fold higher than that of stroke, leading to biased estimates of stroke risk with traditional time-to-event methods. Statistical methods that appropriately account for competing risks should be used to mitigate this bias.
Source: Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes - July 11, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: Abdel-Qadir, H., Fang, J., Lee, D. S., Tu, J. V., Amir, E., Austin, P. C., Anderson, G. M. Tags: Atrial Fibrillation, Epidemiology, Primary Prevention, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke Original Articles Source Type: research

Prevalence of Poststroke Neurocognitive Disorders Using National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke-Canadian Stroke Network, VASCOG Criteria (Vascular Behavioral and Cognitive Disorders), and Optimized Criteria of Cognitive Deficit Clinical Sciences
Conclusions—This study is the first to have optimized the operationalization of the criterion for poststroke cognitive impairment. It documented the prevalence of poststroke NCD in the GRECOG-VASC cohort and showed that mild cognitive impairment accounts for 80% of the affected patients. Finally, the method developed in the present study offers a means of harmonizing the diagnosis of NCD.Clinical Trial Registration—URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT01339195.
Source: Stroke - April 23, 2018 Category: Neurology Authors: Melanie Barbay, Herve Taillia, Claudine Nedelec–Ciceri, Flavie Bompaire, Camille Bonnin, Jerome Varvat, Francoise Grangette, Momar Diouf, Emmanuel Wiener, Jean–Louis Mas, Martine Roussel, Olivier Godefroy Tags: Cognitive Impairment Original Contributions Source Type: research

Excessive sedentary time during in-patient stroke rehabilitation.
Conclusions In this sample of people attending inpatient stroke rehabilitation, institutional structure of rehabilitation rather than patient-related factors contributed to sedentary time. PMID: 29609499 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - April 3, 2018 Category: Neurology Authors: Barrett M, Snow JC, Kirkland MC, Kelly LP, Gehue M, Downer MB, McCarthy J, Ploughman M Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Wants Talk Psychotherapy but Cannot Talk: EMDR for Post-stroke Depression with Expressive Aphasia
CONCLUSION This is the first reported case demonstrating that EMDR can be effective for depression, even in those with severe expressive aphasia. In our case, there was no reluctance to disclose information, simply a neurological inability to do so. Through preparation, patience, perseverance, and plasticity (clinician flexibility, though perhaps also neuroplasticity), the patient’s PSD gradually improved, and she was able to reinvent her life within her limitations. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The authors gratefully acknowledge Eugene Schwartz, E.C. Hurley, and Mark Hubner for providing consultation during patient care. REFERENCES ...
Source: Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience - February 1, 2018 Category: Neuroscience Authors: ICN Online Editor Tags: Case Report Current Issue Neurologic Systems and Symptoms Neurology Psychotherapy Stroke aphasia depression EMDR Source Type: research

Sex Differences in Outcomes after Stroke in Patients with Diabetes in Ontario, Canada
Outcomes after stroke in those with diabetes are not well characterized, especially by sex and age. We sought to calculate the sex- and age-specific risk of cardiovascular outcomes after ischemic stroke among those with diabetes.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - September 13, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Mandip S. Dhamoon, John W. Liang, Limei Zhou, Melissa Stamplecoski, Moira K. Kapral, Baiju R. Shah Source Type: research

Inequities in access to inpatient rehabilitation after stroke: an international scoping review.
Conclusion Recommendations regarding which patients with moderate and severe strokes should access ongoing rehabilitation are inconsistent. Clinical practice guidelines from different countries regarding post-stroke rehabilitation do not always reflect the evidence regarding the likely benefits to people with stroke. Inequity in access to rehabilitation after stroke is an international issue. PMID: 28835194 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - August 23, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Lynch EA, Cadilhac DA, Luker JA, Hillier SL Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Prevalence of Fabry Disease and Outcomes in Young Canadian Patients With Cryptogenic Ischemic Cerebrovascular Events Clinical Sciences
Conclusions—In this Canadian cohort of patients with cryptogenic IS or TIA, the prevalence of Fabry was 0.3% if p.R118C variant is considered as pathogenic. This suggests that more cost-effective methods should be applied for diagnosis of Fabry rather than systematic genetic screening in this population. Overall, cryptogenic IS in young adults is associated with favorable outcomes.
Source: Stroke - June 26, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Sylvain Lanthier, Gustavo Saposnik, Gerald Lebovic, Karen Pope, Daniel Selchen, David F. Moore, on behalf of the Canadian Fabry Stroke Screening Initiative Study Group Tags: Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke, Ischemic Stroke, Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA), Vascular Disease Original Contributions Source Type: research

Contralesional Brain-Computer Interface Control of a Powered Exoskeleton for Motor Recovery in Chronic Stroke Survivors Clinical Sciences
Conclusions—The findings demonstrate the therapeutic potential of a BCI-driven neurorehabilitation approach using the unaffected hemisphere in this uncontrolled sample of chronic stroke survivors. They also demonstrate that BCI-driven neurorehabilitation can be effectively delivered in the home environment, thus increasing the probability of future clinical translation.Clinical Trial Registration—URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT02552368.
Source: Stroke - June 26, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: David T. Bundy, Lauren Souders, Kelly Baranyai, Laura Leonard, Gerwin Schalk, Robert Coker, Daniel W. Moran, Thy Huskey, Eric C. Leuthardt Tags: Rehabilitation, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research