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Total 340 results found since Jan 2013.

Quality of Life Is Poorer for Patients With Stroke Who Require an Interpreter Brief Report
Background and Purpose—In multicultural Australia, some patients with stroke cannot fully understand, or speak, English. Language barriers may reduce quality of care and consequent outcomes after stroke, yet little has been reported empirically.Methods—An observational study of patients with stroke or transient ischemic attack (2010–2015) captured from 45 hospitals participating in the Australian Stroke Clinical Registry. The use of interpreters in hospitals, which is routinely documented, was used as a proxy for severe language barriers. Health-Related Quality of Life was assessed using the EuroQoL-5 dimension-3 lev...
Source: Stroke - February 26, 2018 Category: Neurology Authors: Monique F. Kilkenny, Natasha A. Lannin, Craig S. Anderson, Helen M. Dewey, Joosup Kim, Karen Barclay-Moss, Chris Levi, Steven Faux, Kelvin Hill, Brenda Grabsch, Sandy Middleton, Amanda G. Thrift, Rohan Grimley, Geoffrey Donnan, Dominique A. Cadilhac Tags: Race and Ethnicity, Mortality/Survival, Quality and Outcomes, Ischemic Stroke, Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA) Brief Reports Source Type: research

Australian health professionals' perceptions about the management of return to driving early after stroke: A mixed methods study.
CONCLUSIONS: Education of health professionals in RTD guidelines is recommended to improve the processes of care after stroke. PMID: 32787668 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - August 12, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Frith J, James C, Hubbard I, Warren-Forward H Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Focal Cerebral Arteriopathy Clinical Sciences
Conclusions—Corticosteroid treatment may provide additional benefit over AT for improved neurological outcome in childhood AIS because of focal cerebral arteriopathy. Larger prospective studies are warranted to further investigate these differences and understand mechanisms by which steroids modify outcome.
Source: Stroke - August 28, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Maȷa Steinlin, Sandra Bigi, Belinda Stoȷanovski, Jay Gaȷera, Maria Regenyi, Marwan El–Koussy, Mark T. Mackay Tags: Ischemic Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research

Television Viewing Time and Stroke Risk: Australian Diabetes Obesity and Lifestyle Study (1999-2012)
Introduction: Having a low level of physical activity is an established risk factor for stroke, but little is known about the importance of common sedentary behavior —television viewing—to stroke risk. Methods: We conducted a retrospective analysis of data that were collected as part of the longitudinal Australian Diabetes, Obesity, and Lifestyle study. Stroke events reported during the study (between baseline assessment in 1999-2000 and April 2011) were con firmed using adjudication based on medical records.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - January 22, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Toby B. Cumming, Elizabeth Holliday, David Dunstan, Coralie English Source Type: research

Outcomes for Patients With In-Hospital Stroke: A Multicenter Study From the Australian Stroke Clinical Registry (AuSCR)
The quality of care and outcomes for people who experience stroke whilst in hospital for another condition has not been previously studied in Australia.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - February 26, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Dominique A. Cadilhac, Monique F. Kilkenny, Natasha A. Lannin, Helen M. Dewey, Christopher R. Levi, Kelvin Hill, Brenda Grabsch, Rohan Grimley, David Blacker, Amanda G. Thrift, Sandy Middleton, Craig S. Anderson, Geoffrey A. Donnan, On behalf of the Austr Source Type: research

Incidence of Hospitalization for Stroke in Queensland, Australia: Younger Adults at Risk
Background: Trends in the incidence of stroke are important for health care planning. Information is particularly scarce in Australia, due to the paucity of studies with access to recent, large-scale, longitudinal datasets. In this paper we investigated the incidence of hospitalization for stroke by sex, age, and subtype in the whole State of Queensland (Australia). Methods: We obtained data of all hospital admissions for stroke in Queensland from 2002 to 2015. Age standardized hospitalization rates for first-ever stroke were calculated along with WHO adjusted rates.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - April 8, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Deanna Anderlini, Guy Wallis, Welber Marinovic Source Type: research

Perspectives on rehabilitation for Aboriginal people with stroke: a qualitative study
Conclusions. Aboriginal people report making positive lifestyle changes, but experience significant unmet rehabilitation needs. Addressing issues of communication, advocacy and flexible delivery should improve some of the shortfalls in service provision, particularly in regional and remote areas.PMID:34180366 | DOI:10.1080/10749357.2021.1911771
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - June 28, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: Janet Kelly Anna Dowling Susan Hillier Alex Brown Timothy Kleinig Kendall Goldsmith Katharine McBride Jeyaraj Pandian Sally Castle Amanda G Thrift Source Type: research

Denial of Cerebrovascular Events in a National Clinical Quality Registry for Stroke: A Retrospective Cohort Study
To investigate cerebrovascular event (CVE) denials reported by registered patients to the Australian Stroke Clinical Registry, and to examine the factors associated with CVE denial.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - December 2, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: Karen M. Barclay, Monique F. Kilkenny, Sibilah J. Breen, Olivia F. Ryan, Kathleen L. Bagot, Natasha A. Lannin, Vincent Thijs, Dominique A. Cadilhac, AuSCR Consortium Source Type: research

Thrombolysis in acute stroke: ongoing challenges based on a tertiary hospital audit and comparisons with other Australian studies.
Conclusion The proportion of eligible stroke patients who receive tPA in a timely manner remains less than ideal at our centre. More accurate patient selection and reductions in treatment delays serve as targets for quality improvement efforts that have broad applicability.What is known about the topic? Stroke unit care and tPA thrombolysis are two proven strategies to improve outcome in patients with ischaemic stroke. Although the stroke unit is gaining momentum of growth in Australia (especially in Queensland), little improvement has been achieved in thrombolysis rate and timeliness of treatment delivery, and little is k...
Source: Australian Health Review - June 29, 2015 Category: Hospital Management Authors: Lau AH, Hall G, Scott IA, Williams M Tags: Aust Health Rev Source Type: research

Clinical Characteristics of Fatal Methamphetamine-related Stroke: A National Study.
Abstract The study aimed to determine the clinical characteristics of fatal methamphetamine-related stroke in Australia, 2009-2015. There were 38 cases, 60.5% male, with a mean age of 40.3 years. In no case was there evidence that this was the first time methamphetamine had been used by the decedent, and 52.6% had known histories of injecting drug use. The stroke was hemorrhagic in 37 of 38 cases. In 21.1% of cases, the stroke was purely parenchymal and, in 18.4%, involved purely the subarachnoid space. A ruptured berry aneurysm was present in 31.6% and in 68.8% of initial subarachnoid hemorrhages. There was evide...
Source: Journal of Forensic Sciences - August 17, 2017 Category: Forensic Medicine Authors: Darke S, Lappin J, Kaye S, Duflou J Tags: J Forensic Sci Source Type: research

Evaluation of discharge documentation after hospitalization for stroke patients discharged home in Australia: A cross ‐sectional, pilot study
Abstract In this cross‐sectional study, we evaluated the quality of discharge documentation for stroke patients discharged home. Participants were stroke patients discharged from a regional tertiary acute and rehabilitation hospital in Australia from 2014 to 2015. Compliance with expected discharge documentation and its relationship with readmission was measured using an audit instrument for stroke patients (n = 54), and a post‐discharge survey of carers was conducted. There were deficits in the documentation of the mechanism of stroke (70%), functional assessments (58%), pending test results (39%), types of support ...
Source: Nursing and Health Sciences - August 29, 2017 Category: Nursing Authors: Ashley Kable, Dimity Pond, Amanda Baker, Alyna Turner, Christopher Levi Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Speed increases risk of stroke within hours or days of use
Methamphetamine can raise blood pressure, making users more susceptible to a hemorrhagic stroke, found a study by the University of New South Wales in Australia.
Source: the Mail online | Health - August 31, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Reflection on Stroke Deaths and end ‐of‐life stroke care
ConclusionIn this cohort, palliative care referral and EOLCP were commenced in less than 50% of patients, highlighting significant variations in clinical care. These data support the need to promote awareness of ACP, particularly in patients with prior stroke or significant co‐morbidities. This may help reduce potentially futile invasive investigations and treatment.
Source: Internal Medicine Journal - September 11, 2017 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Syed Zujajuddin Quadri, Thang Huynh, Cecilia Cappelen ‐Smith, Nirupama Wijesuriya, Abul Mamun, Roy Beran, Alan Mcdougall, Dennis Cordato Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Cost-Effectiveness of Incobotulinumtoxin-A In The Longer-Term Management of Post-Stroke Spasticity of The Upper Limb
The objective of this study was to examine the cost-effectiveness of extending the treatment beyond four treatments among patients with an adequate response to previous treatment cycles.
Source: Value in Health - October 1, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: K Makino, D Tilden, C Guarnieri, M Mudge, I Baguley Source Type: research

Vagus nerve magnetic modulation facilitates dysphagia recovery in patients with stroke involving the brainstem - A proof of concept study
Conclusions Our results encourage the application of VNM by using rTMS for improving swallowing function after SBS. The immediate therapeutic effects suggest that this novel intervention can be an effective complementary therapy to traditional oropharyngeal rehabilitation. Clinical trial registration URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT02893033.
Source: Brain Stimulation - November 13, 2017 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Carotid endarterectomy: the change in practice over 11  years in a stroke centre
ConclusionThe trends in CEA practice at our centre align with international trends and guidelines. This study provides a representative indicator of Australian hospital practice, and illustrates how evidence from research is translated into clinical care.
Source: ANZ Journal of Surgery - November 13, 2017 Category: Surgery Authors: Gabrielle T. W. Tse, Monique F. Kilkenny, Chris Bladin, Michael Grigg, Helen M. Dewey Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Featured Review: Virtual reality for stroke rehabilitation
Many people after having a stroke have difficulty moving, thinking, and sensing. This often results in problems with everyday activities such as writing, walking, and driving. Virtual reality and interactive video gaming therapy  involves using computer-based programs designed to simulate real-life objects and events. This may have some advantages over traditional  therapy approaches as they can give people an opportunity to practice everyday activities that are not or cannot be practiced within the hospital environment and patients may spend more time in therapy as the activity might be more motivating.A team of Cochra...
Source: Cochrane News and Events - November 23, 2017 Category: Information Technology Authors: Muriah Umoquit Source Type: news

A pilot study: Can the UFOV assessment be used as a repeated measure to determine timing of on ‐road assessment in stroke?
ConclusionImprovements in scores at one month intervals over three months are due to improvements in abilities assessed by the UFOV as no practice effect was found to influence scores. UFOV scores performed at monthly intervals post‐stroke can be used to guide the timing of an occupational therapy on‐road assessment, with an increased likelihood of passing, as recovery occurs. This repeated use of the UFOV assessment can assist referral practices that best utilise driving rehabilitation programmes. Larger studies need to be conducted to confirm these results.
Source: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal - February 1, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Annabel McNamara, Christopher John Barr, Malcolm J. Bond, Stacey George Tags: Feature Article Source Type: research

Factors Contributing to Hydration, Fluid Intake and Health Status of Inpatients With and Without Dysphagia Post  Stroke
AbstractDysphagia has been strongly associated with poor hydration in acute stroke settings. However, in sub-acute settings, the contribution to dehydration of dysphagia in combination with other common stroke comorbidities has not been explored. The aim of this study was to investigate which demographic and stroke comorbidities, including dysphagia, contribute most significantly to oral fluid intake, hydration status and specific adverse health outcomes for patients in sub-acute rehabilitation following stroke. Data from 100 inpatients from three Australian rehabilitation facilities (14 with confirmed dysphagia and 86 wit...
Source: Dysphagia - March 1, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Progression of diabetes, heart disease, and stroke multimorbidity in middle-aged women: A 20-year cohort study
ConclusionsStroke was associated with increased risk of progression to diabetes or heart disease. Social inequality, obesity, hypertension, physical inactivity, smoking, or having other chronic conditions were also significantly associated with increased odds of accumulating multimorbidity. Our findings highlight the importance of awareness of the role of diabetes, heart disease, and stroke multimorbidity among middle-aged women for clinicians and health-promotion agencies.
Source: PLoS Medicine - March 13, 2018 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Xiaolin Xu Source Type: research

Modafinil for the Improvement of Patient Outcomes Following Traumatic Brain Injury
Conclusion. Modafinil is a central nervous system stimulant with well-established effectiveness in the treatment of narcolepsy and shift-work sleep disorder. There is conflicting evidence about the benefits of modafinil in the treatment of fatigue and EDS secondary to TBI. One randomized, controlled study states that modafinil does not significantly improve patient wakefulness, while another concludes that modafinil corrects EDS but not fatigue. An observational study provides evidence that modafinil increases alertness in fatigued patients with past medical history of brainstem diencephalic stroke or multiple sclerosis. ...
Source: Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience - April 1, 2018 Category: Neuroscience Authors: ICNS Online Editor Tags: Current Issue Review excessive daytime sleep fatigue head injury modafinil stroke TBI traumatic brain injury Source Type: research

Eggs health: Eating a dozen a week 'does NOT raise stroke or heart attack risk'
EATING a dozen eggs a week does not raise the risk of suffering a heart attack or stroke, according to a study. Australian researchers found eating up to 12 eggs per week for a year did not increase cardiovascular risk factors in people with pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes.
Source: Daily Express - Health - May 7, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Cost-effectiveness of mechanical thrombectomy for acute ischemic stroke: an Australian payer perspective.
CONCLUSIONS: Mechanical thrombectomy is a cost-effective treatment option for AIS, with clinical benefits translating to short and long-term cost benefits. This analysis supports rapid update of stroke care pathways to incorporate this therapy as a treatment option. PMID: 29741126 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Medical Economics - May 11, 2018 Category: Health Management Tags: J Med Econ Source Type: research

Restenosis and risk of stroke after stenting or endarterectomy for symptomatic carotid stenosis in the International Carotid Stenting Study (ICSS): secondary analysis of a randomised trial
This report presents a secondary analysis, and follow-up is complete. Findings Between May, 2001, and October, 2008, 1713 patients were enrolled and randomly allocated treatment (855 were assigned stenting and 858 endarterectomy), of whom 1530 individuals were followed up with ultrasound (737 assigned stenting and 793 endarterectomy) for a median of 4·0 years (IQR 2·3–5·0). At least moderate restenosis (≥50%) occurred in 274 patients after stenting (cumulative 5-year risk 40·7%) and in 217 after endarterectomy (29·6%; unadjusted hazard ratio [HR] 1·43, 95% CI 1·21–1·72; p<0·0001). Patients with at lea...
Source: The Lancet Neurology - June 1, 2018 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Longitudinal changes in activity participation in the first year post-stroke and association with depressive symptoms.
CONCLUSIONS: Activity participation improves during the first year of recovery post-stroke in stroke survivors with mild neurological stroke severity and is associated with depressive symptoms over time and at 12-months post-stroke. Implications for rehabilitation Improvements in participation occur in the first 3-months post-stroke and continue to a lesser degree in the first year after stroke. Depressive symptoms are associated with lower participation at 12-months. A multidimensional approach targeting depressive symptoms and increasing participation in the early months post-stroke and throughout the first-year after st...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - June 11, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tse T, Linden T, Churilov L, Davis S, Donnan G, Carey LM Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Prevent 2nd Stroke: a pilot study of an online secondary prevention program for stroke survivors.
CONCLUSIONS: The results indicated that online programs are an acceptable way to address these health outcomes. Implications to public health: Further research is needed to assess the effectiveness of these interventions using powered trials. PMID: 29888829 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health - June 11, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Denham AMJ, Halpin S, Twyman L, Guillaumier A, Bonevski B Tags: Aust N Z J Public Health Source Type: research

Economic burden of stroke: a systematic review on post-stroke care
ConclusionThe highest PSC costs were observed in the USA, with rehabilitation services being the main cost driver. Due to diversity in reporting, it was not possible to conduct a detailed cost analysis addressing different segments of services. Further approaches should benefit from the advantages of administrative and claims data, focusing on inpatient/outpatient PSC cost and its predictors, assuring appropriate resource allocation.
Source: The European Journal of Health Economics - June 16, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Previous experience and walking capacity predict community outings after stroke: An observational study.
CONCLUSION: The strongest predictors of community participation were the number of outings early post-inpatient rehabilitation, walking capacity, and age. The only significant modifiable predictor was walking capacity. PMID: 29902102 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - June 14, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Karageorge A, Vargas J, Ada L, Kelly PJ, McCluskey A Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Generalization of the right acute stroke promotive strategies in reducing delays of intravenous thrombolysis for acute ischemic stroke: A meta-analysis
This study provided detailed information on the net and quantitative benefits of various programs for reducing time delays to facilitate the generalization of appropriate AIS management.
Source: Medicine - June 1, 2018 Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Meta-Analysis of Observational Studies in Epidemiology Source Type: research

Restenosis and risk of stroke after stenting or endarterectomy for symptomatic carotid stenosis in the International Carotid Stenting Study (ICSS): secondary analysis of a randomised trial
This report presents a secondary analysis, and follow-up is complete.FindingsBetween May, 2001, and October, 2008, 1713 patients were enrolled and randomly allocated treatment (855 were assigned stenting and 858 endarterectomy), of whom 1530 individuals were followed up with ultrasound (737 assigned stenting and 793 endarterectomy) for a median of 4·0 years (IQR 2·3–5·0). At least moderate restenosis (≥50%) occurred in 274 patients after stenting (cumulative 5-year risk 40·7%) and in 217 after endarterectomy (29·6%; unadjusted hazard ratio [HR] 1·43, 95% CI 1·21–1·72; p<0·0001). Patients with at least mo...
Source: The Lancet Neurology - July 5, 2018 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

New Cochrane health evidence challenges belief that omega 3 supplements reduce risk of heart disease, stroke or death
New evidence published today shows there is little or no effect of omega 3 supplements on our risk of experiencing heart disease, stroke or death.Omega 3 is a type of fat. Small amounts of omega 3 fats are essential for good health, and they can be found in the food that we eat. The main types of omega 3 fatty acids are; alpha ­linolenic acid (ALA), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA).  ALA is normally found in fats from plant foods, such as nuts and seeds (walnuts and rapeseed are rich sources). EPA and DHA, collectively called long chain omega 3 fats, are naturally found in fatty fish, such as s...
Source: Cochrane News and Events - July 16, 2018 Category: Information Technology Authors: Muriah Umoquit Source Type: news

Activity monitors for increasing physical activity in adult stroke survivors.
CONCLUSIONS: Only four small RCTs with 274 participants (three in inpatient rehabilitation and one in the community) have examined the efficacy of activity monitors for increasing physical activity after stroke. Although these studies showed activity monitors could be incorporated into practice, there is currently not enough evidence to support the use of activity monitors to increase physical activity after stroke. PMID: 30051462 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - July 27, 2018 Category: General Medicine Authors: Lynch EA, Jones TM, Simpson DB, Fini NA, Kuys SS, Borschmann K, Kramer S, Johnson L, Callisaya ML, Mahendran N, Janssen H, English C, ACTIOnS Collaboration Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research

Predictive values of pulse pressure variation and stroke volume variation for fluid responsiveness in patients with pneumoperitoneum
AbstractAnimal studies suggest that dynamic predictors remain useful in patients with pneumoperitoneum, but human data is conflicting. Our aim was to determine predictive values of pulse pressure variation (PPV) and stroke volume variation (SVV) in patients with pneumoperitoneum using LiDCORapid ™ haemodynamic monitor. Standardised fluid challenges of colloid were administered to patients undergoing laparoscopic procedures, one fluid challenge per patient. Intra-abdominal pressure was automatically held at 12  mmHg. Fluid responsiveness was defined as an increase in nominal stroke index (nSI) ≥ 10%. Linear regress...
Source: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing - August 28, 2018 Category: Information Technology Source Type: research

Risk of Hemorrhagic Stroke in Patients Exposed to Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs: A Meta-Analysis of Observational Studies
Conclusion: Our results indicated that the use of NSAIDs is significantly associated with a higher risk of developing hemorrhagic stroke. These results should be interpreted with caution because they may be confounded owing to the observational design of the individual studies. Nevertheless, we recommend that NSAIDs should be used judiciously, and their efficacy and safety should be monitored proactively.Neuroepidemiology 2018;51:166 –176
Source: Neuroepidemiology - September 2, 2018 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Insights into the nature of female sexuality from the perspective of female stroke survivors.
CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this study underline the importance of addressing sexuality as part of rehabilitation and provide some guidance about what might be important to address. Implications for Rehabilitation Sexuality should be addressed by clinicians as part of person-centred rehabilitation. Understanding "the being" and "the doing" of female sexuality is a pre-requisite for understanding female sexuality post-stroke. Idealised constructions of being female formulated pre-stroke may continue to be points of reference for self-assessment post-stroke, hence need to be understood when seeking to support a positive sen...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - September 6, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Pryor J, Lever S Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Predictive values of pulse pressure variation and stroke volume variation for fluid responsiveness in patients with pneumoperitoneum
AbstractAnimal studies suggest that dynamic predictors remain useful in patients with pneumoperitoneum, but human data is conflicting. Our aim was to determine predictive values of pulse pressure variation (PPV) and stroke volume variation (SVV) in patients with pneumoperitoneum using LiDCORapid ™ haemodynamic monitor. Standardised fluid challenges of colloid were administered to patients undergoing laparoscopic procedures, one fluid challenge per patient. Intra-abdominal pressure was automatically held at 12  mmHg. Fluid responsiveness was defined as an increase in nominal stroke index (nSI) ≥ 10%. Linear regress...
Source: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing - October 1, 2018 Category: Information Technology Source Type: research

Factors Contributing to Hydration, Fluid Intake and Health Status of Inpatients With and Without Dysphagia Post  Stroke
AbstractDysphagia has been strongly associated with poor hydration in acute stroke settings. However, in sub-acute settings, the contribution to dehydration of dysphagia in combination with other common stroke comorbidities has not been explored. The aim of this study was to investigate which demographic and stroke comorbidities, including dysphagia, contribute most significantly to oral fluid intake, hydration status and specific adverse health outcomes for patients in sub-acute rehabilitation following stroke. Data from 100 inpatients from three Australian rehabilitation facilities (14 with confirmed dysphagia and 86 wit...
Source: Dysphagia - October 1, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

“In Safe Hands” – A costly integrated care program with limited benefits in stroke unit care
Publication date: Available online 6 November 2018Source: Journal of Clinical NeuroscienceAuthor(s): Sheila Jala, Sarah Giaccari, Melissa Passer, Carin Bertmar, Susan Day, Dayna Griffith, Martin KrauseAbstractGiven reported favourable outcomes of accountable care unit models of health care delivery (Taylor et al., 2017; Stein et al., 2015; Kara et al., 2015), the Clinical Excellence Commission of NSW has embraced “In Safe Hands” (ISH) to enhance coordination of care. ISH embraces the structured interdisciplinary bedside round (SIBR) component, for which reported outcomes include reduced length of stay (Taylor et al., 2...
Source: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience - November 6, 2018 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Thrombectomy in stroke of unknown onset, wake up stroke and late presentations: Australian experience from 2 comprehensive stroke centres
This study shows good ‘real world’ outcomes, comparable to published RCTs, in patients with unknown-onset, or late presentation, stroke treated with EVT more than 6 h from stroke onset.
Source: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience - November 8, 2018 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 2532: Effect of Comorbidity Assessed by the Charlson Comorbidity Index on the Length of Stay, Costs and Mortality among Older Adults Hospitalised for Acute Stroke
ngas Danny Liew The burden of comorbidity among stroke patients is high. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of comorbidity on the length of stay (LOS), costs, and mortality among older adults hospitalised for acute stroke. Among 776 older adults (mean age 80.1 &amp;plusmn; 8.3 years; 46.7% female) hospitalised for acute stroke during July 2013 to December 2015 at a tertiary hospital in Melbourne, Australia, we collected data on LOS, costs, and discharge outcomes. Comorbidity was assessed via the Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI), where a CCI score of 0&amp;ndash;1 was considered low and a CCI &...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - November 12, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Richard Ofori-Asenso Ella Zomer Ken Lee Chin Si Si Peter Markey Mark Tacey Andrea J. Curtis Sophia Zoungas Danny Liew Tags: Article Source Type: research

The impact of environmental enrichment in an acute stroke unit on how and when patients undertake activities.
CONCLUSION:: Communal activities and environmental resources were important contributors to greater activity within the enriched acute stroke unit. PMID: 30582368 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical Rehabilitation - December 23, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Rosbergen IC, Grimley RS, Hayward KS, Brauer SG Tags: Clin Rehabil Source Type: research

How can stroke care be improved for younger service users? A qualitative study on the unmet needs of younger adults in inpatient and outpatient stroke care in Australia.
CONCLUSIONS: This study provides new insights into the experience of inpatient and outpatient stroke care by younger stroke survivors and outlines possible improvements for clinical practice. Future research should evaluate the effect of targeted strategies to support younger adults after stroke. Implications for rehabilitation Post-stroke rehabilitation might be improved by providing more support for the non-physical effects of stroke (e.g., psycho-emotional support, cognitive rehabilitation). Younger stroke survivors may also benefit from a long-term community care plan and longer-term rehabilitation. Patient-centered re...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - January 7, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Shipley J, Luker J, Thijs V, Bernhardt J Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Maximising data value and avoiding data waste: a validation study in stroke research.
CONCLUSION: We report the first linkage of data from an Australian national clinical quality disease registry with routinely collected data from several national and state government health datasets. Data linkage enriches the clinical registry dataset and provides additional information beyond that for the acute care setting and quality of life at follow-up, allowing clinical outcomes for people with stroke (mortality and hospital contacts) to be more comprehensively assessed. PMID: 30636305 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Med J Aust - January 1, 2019 Category: General Medicine Authors: Kilkenny MF, Kim J, Andrew NE, Sundararajan V, Thrift AG, Katzenellenbogen JM, Flack F, Gattellari M, Boyd JH, Anderson P, Lannin N, Sipthorp M, Chen Y, Johnston T, Anderson CS, Middleton S, Donnan GA, Cadilhac DA Tags: Med J Aust Source Type: research