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Total 1212 results found since Jan 2013.

Association of Gut Microbiota-Dependent Metabolite Trimethylamine N-Oxide with First Ischemic Stroke.
CONCLUSIONS: This study suggested a positive association between plasma TMAO and ischemic stroke. Further studies are required to explore the role of plasma TMAO concentrations in predicting stroke risk. PMID: 32641646 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis - July 10, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: J Atheroscler Thromb Source Type: research

Long-Term Exposure to Particulate Matter and Mortality from Cardiovascular Diseases in Japan: The Ibaraki Prefectural Health Study (IPHS).
CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that long-term exposure to SPM is associated with an increased risk of all cardiovascular mortality for men in Ibaraki, Japan. PMID: 32641588 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis - July 10, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: J Atheroscler Thromb Source Type: research

The impact of FLAIR vascular hyperintensity on clinical severity and outcome
ConclusionIn patients with proximal middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion or stenosis ≥ 70%, a high FVH score represented severe clinical impairment and poor clinical outcomes. In acute ischemic stroke (AIS) patients with proximal MCA occlusion, a high FVH score represented favorable clinical outcomes.
Source: Neurological Sciences - July 8, 2020 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Influences of Daily Life Habits on Risk Factors of Stroke Based on Decision Tree and Correlation Matrix.
Conclusions: Establishment of a model for stroke risk assessment, analysis of factors influencing risk factors of stroke, analysis of relationships among those factors, and derivation of knowledge-based rules are helpful for prevention and treatment of stroke. PMID: 32565878 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine - June 24, 2020 Category: Statistics Tags: Comput Math Methods Med Source Type: research

The Difficulty Of Counting the COVID-19 Pandemic ’s Full Death Toll
Sara Wittner had seemingly gotten her life back under control. After a December relapse in her battle with drug addiction, the 32-year-old completed a 30-day detox program and started taking a monthly injection to block her cravings for opioids. She was engaged to be married, working for a local health advocacy group in Colorado, and counseling others about drug addiction. Then the COVID-19 pandemic hit. The virus knocked down all the supports she had carefully built around her: no more in-person Narcotics Anonymous meetings, no talks over coffee with trusted friends or her addiction recovery sponsor. As the virus stressed...
Source: TIME: Health - June 22, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Markian Hawryluk / Kaiser Health News Tags: Uncategorized COVID-19 Source Type: news

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 4387: Analysis of the Relation Between Periodontitis and Chronic Gastritis/Peptic Ulcer: A Cross-Sectional Study Using KoGES HEXA Data
This study demonstrated that periodontitis was associated with an increased risk of chronic gastritis/peptic ulcer. These findings provide additional evidence for an association between periodontitis and chronic gastritis/peptic ulcer.
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - June 18, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Byun Min Hong Choi Koh Tags: Article Source Type: research

AHA News: Blood Test That Measures Alcohol Use May Predict Risk for Bleeding Strokes
TUESDAY, June 16, 2020 (American Heart Association News) -- People who drink large amounts of alcohol have nearly fivefold odds of experiencing a potentially deadly type of stroke compared with those who drink very little or not at all, a new study...
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - June 16, 2020 Category: General Medicine Source Type: news

Urinary Stones and Risk of Coronary Heart Disease and Stroke: the Japan Public Health Center-Based Prospective Study.
CONCLUSION: The history of urinary stones was shown to be not associated with the risk of CVD among Japanese adults. PMID: 32507830 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis - June 10, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: J Atheroscler Thromb Source Type: research

Neuropeptide Y3-36 incorporated into PVAX nanoparticle improves angiogenesis in a murine model of myocardial ischemia.
The objective of this study is to assess the therapeutic potential of NPY in a model of acute myocardial ischemia using a nanoparticles delivery system targeted to tissue with oxidative stress. NPY3-36 was loaded onto copolyoxalate containing vanillyl alcohol (PVAX) using a double emulsification strategy. Adult C57BL/J6 mice (n = 49) were randomly divided into PVAX-NPY3-36 (n = 22), Vehicle (Saline) (n = 16), and Sham (n = 11) groups. The ischemia to left anterior descending artery was induced in PVAX-NPY3-36 or vehicle groups. The tissue was collected at the end of two weeks after assessing the functional ...
Source: European Journal of Pharmacology - June 10, 2020 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Mahmood E, Bae S, Chaudhary O, Feng R, Mahmood F, Robson S, Lee D, Kang PM, Matyal R Tags: Eur J Pharmacol Source Type: research

Validation of Bleeding Risk Prediction Scores for Patients With Major Bleeding on Direct Oral Anticoagulants.
Conclusion and Relevance: The HAS-BLED, HEMORR2HAGES, RIETE, and CHEST scores were found to have sufficient diagnostic accuracy for predicting risk of major bleeding in our study population; however, no score was identified as having an AUC greater than 0.7. Caution may be considered when utilizing these scores for patients on DOACs. PMID: 32517484 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Annals of Pharmacotherapy - June 9, 2020 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tchen S, Ryba N, Patel V, Cavanaugh J, Sullivan JB Tags: Ann Pharmacother Source Type: research

Assessment of Periodontal Status Based on Carotid Artery Intima Media Thickness
Conclusion: The results of the study concluded that periodontal disease and poor oral hygiene were more severe among the subjects with CIMT> 1 mm. To halt the progression of increasing CIMT, preventive oral health programmes need to be integrated in the cardiac setting with established dental referral which can bring out positive health behaviours.
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - June 8, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Do estimated 24-h pulse pressure components affect outcome? The Ohasama study
Conclusion: In a rural Japanese population, elPP but not stPP was predictive of total and CVD mortality even when adjusted for MAP and conventional risk factors in the subpopulation with slower pulse rate. This was mostly among the treated hypertensive patients.
Source: Journal of Hypertension - June 7, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: ORIGINAL PAPERS: Risk factors Source Type: research

Multicentre analysis of hyperglycaemic hyperosmolar state and diabetic ketoacidosis in type 1 and type 2 diabetes
ConclusionsHHS/DKA occurred mostly in T1D and younger patients. However, both also occurred in T2D, which is of great importance in the treatment of diabetes. Better education programmes are necessary to prevent decompensation and comorbidities.
Source: Acta Diabetologica - June 2, 2020 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Prevalence of Stroke Cases in Warangal, Telangana Region, India: A Hospital-Based Case Study.
Authors: Susmitha K, Chandrasekhar V, Kiran G, Divya A, Rani GS, Sarangapani M Abstract Stroke is becoming a main cause of early death and disability in developing countries like India, and it is mostly enhanced by increased predominance of major risk factors. A detailed knowledge about the nature and magnitude of the stroke cases in this particular area is not only important for acute treatment but also it helps to prevent hospital admissions due to reoccurring stroke. The present study was conducted in the Department of Stroke at MGM Hospital, Warangal, India, to study the patterns of stroke admissions. All the c...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - May 31, 2020 Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research

Association of cardiovascular diseases with milk intake among general Chinese adults.
CONCLUSIONS: Daily milk intake was associated with lower risk of CVD incidence and mortality in a linear inverse relationship. The findings provide new evidence for dietary recommendations in CVD prevention among Chinese adults and people with similar dietary pattern in other countries. PMID: 32433046 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Chinese Medical Journal - May 20, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Wang XY, Liu FC, Yang XL, Li JX, Cao J, Lu XF, Huang JF, Li Y, Chen JC, Zhao LC, Shen C, Hu DS, Zhao YX, Yu L, Liu XQ, Wu XP, Gu DF Tags: Chin Med J (Engl) Source Type: research

Perceptions and attitudes toward risk and personal responsibility in the context of medical fitness to drive.
Conclusions: These results suggest that more needs to be done to raise awareness of the risks posed by medical and other factors that reduce driver capability and also about drivers' responsibility to ensure that they are fit to drive and thus improve road safety. PMID: 32421397 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - May 18, 2020 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Ryan M, Walshe J, Booth R, O'Neill DJ Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

Practices of Adults in a Periurban Community of the Ho Municipality on Prevention of Hypertension.
Conclusion: Education on hypertension should be intensified, and emphasis should be laid on regular exercised and strict dietary restrictions that ensure reduction in hypertension risk. Healthcare authorities should engage hypertensive clients to desist from the intake of herbal medications whose actual composition has not been scientifically determined. PMID: 32395336 [PubMed]
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - May 14, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Association Between PSD95 Gene 3 ′UTR Single Nucleotide Polymorphism and Risk of Acute Ischemic Stroke in Chinese Han Population
AbstractTo study the association between the 3 ′UTR single nucleotide polymorphism ofPSD95 gene and the risk of acute ischemic stroke (AIS) in Chinese Han population.PSD95 gene 3 ′UTR rs191350575, rs314254, rs58197058, rs314253, rs314252, rs188777, rs11652753, rs79715480, and rs13331 genotypes of a total of 280 AIS patients and 280 healthy controls were analyzed. The prognosis outcomes of all AIS patients were analyzed after 3 years of follow-up. The risk of AIS in the rs 58197058 locus A allele was 1.76 times higher than the G allele (95%CI 1.53–1.92,p <  0.01). The rs314252 locus A allele carrier was 1.29 t...
Source: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience - May 14, 2020 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

May measurement month 2017: Latin America
Conclusion: The high numbers of participants detected with hypertension and the relatively large proportion of participants on antihypertensive treatment but with uncontrolled hypertension reinforces the importance of this annual event in our continent, to raise awareness of the prevention of cardiovascular events.
Source: Journal of Hypertension - May 7, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: ISH NEWS Source Type: research

Screening strategies for hypertension.
CONCLUSIONS: There is an implicit assumption that early detection of hypertension through screening can reduce the burden of morbidity and mortality, but this assumption has not been tested in rigorous research studies. High-quality evidence from RCTs or programmatic evidence from NRCTs on the effectiveness and costs or harms of different screening strategies for hypertension (mass, targeted, or opportunistic) to reduce hypertension-related morbidity and mortality is lacking. PMID: 32378196 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - May 7, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Schmidt BM, Durao S, Toews I, Bavuma CM, Hohlfeld A, Nury E, Meerpohl JJ, Kredo T Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research

Combination of Oral Anticoagulants and Single Antiplatelets versus Triple Therapy in Nonvalvular Atrial Fibrillation and Acute Coronary Syndrome: Stroke Prevention among Asians
Int J Angiol DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1708477Atrial fibrillation (AF), the most prevalent arrhythmic disease, tends to foster thrombus formation due to hemodynamic disturbances, leading to severe disabling and even fatal thromboembolic diseases. Meanwhile, patients with AF may also present with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and coronary artery disease (CAD) requiring stenting, which creates a clinical dilemma considering that majority of such patients will likely receive oral anticoagulants (OACs) for stroke prevention and require additional double antiplatelet treatment (DAPT) to reduce recurrent cardiac events and in-stent th...
Source: International Journal of Angiology - May 6, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Santoso, Anwar Raharjo, Sunu B. Tags: Invited Papers Source Type: research

Heavy Drinking Tied to Raised Stroke Risk, Study Finds
TUESDAY, May 5, 2020 -- Lots of boozing might increase your risk for a stroke, Swedish researchers report. Heavy alcohol use can triple your risk for peripheral artery disease, a narrowing of arteries that results in reduced blood flow, usually to...
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - May 5, 2020 Category: General Medicine Source Type: news

High Alcohol Consumption May Be Causally Tied to Stroke, PAD
TUESDAY, May 5, 2020 -- Higher alcohol consumption may be causally associated with an increased risk for stroke and peripheral artery disease, according to a study published online May 5 in Circulation: Genomic and Precision Medicine. Susanna C....
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - May 5, 2020 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

Genetic study ties higher alcohol consumption to increased stroke and PAD risk
(American Heart Association) Using genetic analysis, researchers found higher alcohol consumption increased risks for stroke and peripheral artery disease (PAD).Studies using genetic analysis don't rely on observational data, which often use self-reported data and could be subject to unreported risk factors.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - May 5, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Fatty liver index and development of cardiovascular disease in Koreans without pre-existing myocardial infarction and ischemic stroke: a large population-based study
Despite the known association between non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and cardiovascular disease (CVD), whether NAFLD predicts future CVD events, especially CVD mortality, remains uncertain. We evalu...
Source: Cardiovascular Diabetology - May 2, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Jun Hyung Kim, Jin Sil Moon, Seok Joon Byun, Jun Hyeok Lee, Dae Ryong Kang, Ki Chul Sung, Jang Young Kim and Ji Hye Huh Tags: Original investigation Source Type: research

Our Diets Are Changing Because of the Coronavirus Pandemic. Is It for the Better?
The coronavirus pandemic has changed a lot about modern American life: how we work, socialize, and even how we eat. Dining out is a distant memory. But nutritionally, people weren’t exactly thriving in pre-pandemic America. “Before COVID-19 came along, it was increasingly clear that the diet quality and nutritional status of Americans was terrible,” says Dr. Walter Willett, professor of epidemiology and nutrition at Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health. More than 40% of U.S. adults are obese. After years of declines, heart disease death rates are on the rise again. So are rates of obesity-linked canc...
Source: TIME: Health - April 28, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Mandy Oaklander Tags: Uncategorized COVID-19 Source Type: news

Alcohol Intoxication as a Stroke Mimic and the Incidence of Acute Alcohol Intoxication in Stroke
We describe alcohol intoxication as a stroke mimic and the frequency of acute alcohol intoxication among stroke patients.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - October 14, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Laurien T. Hassing, Merelijne A. Verschoof, Hille Koppen Source Type: research

Relationships between Alcohol Intake and Ischemic Stroke Severity in Sex Stratified Analysis for Japanese Acute Stroke Patients
The aim of this study is to evaluate in the relationships between alcohol intake and ischemic stroke severity in Japanese stroke patients.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - March 21, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Hiroyuki Shiotsuki, Yasuaki Saijo, Yoichi Ogushi, Shotai Kobayashi, The Japan Standard Stroke Registry Study Group Source Type: research

Infections and Risk of Peripartum Stroke During Delivery Admissions Clinical Sciences
Conclusions—Infections present on admission increased stroke risk during delivery admissions in women with and without hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. The results were driven by genitourinary infections and sepsis. Infections may be an underrecognized precipitant of peripartum stroke.
Source: Stroke - April 23, 2018 Category: Neurology Authors: Eliza C. Miller, Marisa Gallo, Erin R. Kulick, Alexander M. Friedman, Mitchell S.V. Elkind, Amelia K. Boehme Tags: Pregnancy, Risk Factors, Women, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research

Alkaline Phosphatase and Outcomes in Patients With Preserved Renal Function Clinical Sciences
Conclusions—In patients with preserved kidney function, ALP may be an independent predictor of all-cause mortality, stroke recurrence, composite end point, and poor functional outcome after stroke.
Source: Stroke - April 23, 2018 Category: Neurology Authors: Lixia Zong, Xianwei Wang, Zixiao Li, Xingquan Zhao, Liping Liu, Hao Li, Xia Meng, Yilong Wang, Yongjun Wang Tags: Clinical Studies, Risk Factors, Prognosis, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research

Unruptured Brain Arteriovenous Malformations Brief Report
Background and Purpose—In light of evidence from ARUBA (A Randomized Trial of Unruptured Brain Arteriovenous Malformations), neurovascular specialists had to reconsider deliberate treatment of unruptured brain arteriovenous malformations (uBAVMs). Our objective was to determine the outcomes of uBAVM treated with primary embolization using ethylene vinyl alcohol (ONYX).Methods—Patients with uBAVM who met the inclusion criteria of ARUBA and were treated with primary Onyx embolization were assigned to this retrospective study. The primary outcome was the modified Rankin Scale score. Secondary outcomes were stroke or death...
Source: Stroke - November 27, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Uri Singfer, Dimitri Hemelsoet, Peter Vanlangenhove, Frederic Martens, Luc Verbeke, Dirk Van Roost, Luc Defreyne Tags: Treatment, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke, Cerebrovascular Malformations, Cerebrovascular Procedures Brief Reports Source Type: research

Predicting Major Bleeding in Ischemic Stroke Patients With Atrial Fibrillation Brief Report
Conclusions—Performance of prediction models for major bleeding in patients with cerebral ischemia and atrial fibrillation is modest but comparable with performance in patients with only atrial fibrillation. Bleeding risk scores cannot guide treatment decisions for oral anticoagulants but may still be useful to identify modifiable risk factors for bleeding. Clinical usefulness may be best for ORBIT, which is based on a limited number of easily obtainable variables and showed reasonable performance.
Source: Stroke - October 23, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Nina A. Hilkens, Ale Algra, Jacoba P. Greving Tags: Atrial Fibrillation, Secondary Prevention, Ischemic Stroke Brief Reports Source Type: research

Serum matrix metalloproteinase-9 levels and prognosis of acute ischemic stroke
Conclusions: Higher serum MMP-9 levels in the acute phase of ischemic stroke were associated with increased risk of mortality and major disability, suggesting that serum MMP-9 could be an important prognostic factor for ischemic stroke.
Source: Neurology - August 21, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Zhong, C., Yang, J., Xu, T., Xu, T., Peng, Y., Wang, A., Wang, J., Peng, H., Li, Q., Ju, Z., Geng, D., Zhang, Y., He, J., For the CATIS Investigators Tags: Stroke prevention, Prognosis, All Cerebrovascular disease/Stroke, Clinical trials Observational study (Cohort, Case control), Cohort studies ARTICLE Source Type: research

A Pilot Trial of a Lifestyle Intervention for Stroke Survivors: Design of Healthy Eating and Lifestyle after Stroke (HEALS)
Stroke survivors have high rates of subsequent cardiovascular and recurrent cerebrovascular events, and mortality. While healthy lifestyle practices - including a diet rich in fruits and vegetables, limited alcohol intake, and regular physical activity - can mitigate these outcomes, few stroke survivors adhere to them. Minorities from socioeconomically disadvantaged communities who obtain care in safety-net health systems experience the most barriers to implementing healthy lifestyle changes after stroke.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - August 16, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Valerie A. Hill, Barbara G. Vickrey, Eric M. Cheng, Natalie P. Valle, Monica Ayala-Rivera, Lilian Moreno, Cynthia Munoz, Heidi Dombish, Annaliese Espinosa, Debbie Wang, Dina Ochoa, Allison Chu, Rebecca Heymann, Amytis Towfighi Source Type: research

Effects of increasing IV tPA-treated stroke mimic rates at CT-based centers on clinical outcomes
Conclusions: Thrombolysis of stroke mimics is increasing at our CT-based spoke hospitals and not at our MRI-based hub hospitals. Caution should be used in interpreting clinical outcomes based on large stroke databases when stroke diagnosis at discharge is unclear. Inadvertent reporting of treated stroke mimics as strokes will artificially elevate overall favorable clinical outcomes with additional downstream costs to patients and the health care system.
Source: Neurology - July 24, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Burton, T. M., Luby, M., Nadareishvili, Z., Benson, R. T., Lynch, J. K., Latour, L. L., Hsia, A. W. Tags: Outcome research, CT, MRI, DWI, All Cerebrovascular disease/Stroke ARTICLE Source Type: research

Contribution of Established Stroke Risk Factors to the Burden of Stroke in Young Adults Clinical Sciences
Conclusions—Modifiable risk factors previously established in older populations also account for a large part of stroke in younger adults, with 4 risk factors explaining almost 80% of stroke risk.Clinical Trial Registration—URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT00414583.
Source: Stroke - June 26, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Annette Aigner, Ulrike Grittner, Arndt Rolfs, Bo Norrving, Bob Siegerink, Markus A. Busch Tags: Epidemiology, Risk Factors, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research

Letter by Behrouz and Aachi Regarding Article, “Cannabis, Tobacco, Alcohol Use, and the Risk of Early Stroke: A Population-Based Cohort Study of 45 000 Swedish Men” Letter to the Editor
Source: Stroke - April 24, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Reza Behrouz, Raghav V. Aachi Tags: Ischemic Stroke Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Retinal and Ophthalmic Artery Studies in Ischemic Stroke Patients Using Fundus Photography and Transcranial Doppler Methods (P4.252)
Conclusions:Our study in a robust sample of non-severe stroke patients showed that abnormal retinal AVR is strongly associated with IS patients even after accounting for traditional risk factors. OA-TCD studies, on the other hand, did not have significant associations with stroke group.Disclosure: Dr. Patil has nothing to disclose. Dr. Narayan has nothing to disclose. Dr. Babu K has nothing to disclose.
Source: Neurology - April 17, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Patil, K., Narayan, S., Babu, K. R. Tags: Acute and Diagnostic Imaging in Ischemic Stroke and TIA Source Type: research

Gender differences in physical activity and health-related behaviors among stroke survivors: data from the 5th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.
CONCLUSION: In order to reduce noted gender disparities in physical activity following stroke, more focused effort to increase physical activity in women, especially with lower socioeconomic status, has to be considered. PMID: 28326897 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - March 22, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Lee Y, Kim WS, Paik NJ Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Lifestyle Factors and Early Clinical Outcome in Patients With Acute Stroke Clinical Sciences
Conclusions—Healthy lifestyle was not associated with a lower risk of adverse stroke outcomes, in particularly among men. However, underweight may be a particular concern being associated with an increased risk of adverse outcomes among both sexes.
Source: Stroke - February 27, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Annette Ingeman, Grethe Andersen, Reimar W. Thomsen, Heidi H. Hundborg, Henrik H. Rasmussen, Soren P. Johnsen Tags: Complications, Mortality/Survival, Intracranial Hemorrhage, Ischemic Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research

Cannabis, Tobacco, Alcohol Use, and the Risk of Early Stroke Clinical Sciences
Conclusions—We found no evident association between cannabis use in young adulthood and stroke, including strokes before 45 years of age. Tobacco smoking, however, showed a clear, dose–response shaped association with stroke.
Source: Stroke - January 23, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Daniel Falkstedt, Valerie Wolff, Peter Allebeck, Tomas Hemmingsson, Anna-Karin Danielsson Tags: Ischemic Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research

Risk Profile of Symptomatic Lacunar Stroke Versus Nonlobar Intracerebral Hemorrhage Brief Reports
Conclusions— The risk factor profile of dICH differs from that associated with LS. This might be used for disease risk stratification at individual level.
Source: Stroke - July 25, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Morotti, A., Paciaroni, M., Zini, A., Silvestrelli, G., Del Zotto, E., Caso, V., DellAcqua, M. L., Simone, A. M., Lanari, A., Costa, P., Poli, L., De Giuli, V., Gamba, M., Ciccone, A., Ritelli, M., Di Castelnuovo, A., Iacoviello, L., Colombi, M., Agnelli, Tags: Intracranial Hemorrhage, Ischemic Stroke Brief Reports Source Type: research

Cocaine Use and Risk of Ischemic Stroke in Young Adults Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— Our data are consistent with a causal association between acute cocaine use and risk of early-onset IS.
Source: Stroke - March 28, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Cheng, Y.-C., Ryan, K. A., Qadwai, S. A., Shah, J., Sparks, M. J., Wozniak, M. A., Stern, B. J., Phipps, M. S., Cronin, C. A., Magder, L. S., Cole, J. W., Kittner, S. J. Tags: Risk Factors, Ischemic Stroke Clinical Sciences Source Type: research

Trends in Age of First-Ever Stroke Following Increased Incidence and Life Expectancy in a Low-Income Chinese Population Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— The age of stroke onset tends to be younger among low-income population in China after the dramatic increased incidence of stroke during the gradual extension of life expectancy of population in China. These findings suggested that stroke burden will continue to increase in the long time, unless the risk factors in low-income populations are effectively controlled.
Source: Stroke - March 28, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Wang, J., Bai, L., Shi, M., Yang, L., An, Z., Li, B., Zhao, W., Gu, H., Zhan, C., Tu, J., Ning, X. Tags: Epidemiology, Lifestyle, Primary Prevention, Risk Factors, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke Clinical Sciences Source Type: research

Nonpsychotic Mental Disorders in Teenage Males and Risk of Early Stroke: A Population-Based Study Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— Our findings suggest that fitness may modify associations between nonpsychotic disorders and stroke. It remains to be clarified whether interventions designed to improve fitness in mentally ill youth can influence future risk of early stroke.
Source: Stroke - February 22, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Aberg, M. A. I., Toren, K., Nilsson, M., Henriksson, M., Kuhn, H. G., Nyberg, J., Rosengren, A., Aberg, N. D., Waern, M. Tags: Epidemiology, Risk Factors, Cerebral Aneurysm, Intracranial Hemorrhage, Ischemic Stroke Clinical Sciences Source Type: research

Use of Warfarin at Discharge Among Acute Ischemic Stroke Patients With Nonvalvular Atrial Fibrillation in China Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— The rate of warfarin use remains low among patients with ischemic stroke and known nonvalvular atrial fibrillation in China. Hospital size and academic status together with patient age, heart failure, heavy alcohol drinking, international normalized ratio in hospital, and stroke severity on admission were each independently associated with the use of warfarin at discharge. There is much room for improvement for secondary stroke prevention in nonvalvular atrial fibrillation patients in China.
Source: Stroke - January 25, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Yang, X., Li, Z., Zhao, X., Wang, C., Liu, L., Wang, C., Pan, Y., Li, H., Wang, D., Hart, R. G., Wang, Y., Wang, Y., on behalf of the China National Stroke Registry II Investigators Tags: Anticoagulants, Treatment, Quality and Outcomes, Ischemic Stroke Clinical Sciences Source Type: research

Prevalence of Stroke and Its Risk Factors in Urban Sri Lanka: Population-Based Study Brief Reports
Conclusions— Age-adjusted stroke prevalence in urban Sri Lanka lies between high-income and low-/middle-income countries. The prevalence of stroke and its risk factors were higher among men.
Source: Stroke - September 28, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Chang, T., Gajasinghe, S., Arambepola, C. Tags: Cerebrovascular disease/stroke, Acute Cerebral Hemorrhage, Acute Cerebral Infarction Brief Reports Source Type: research

Cannabis and Stroke: Systematic Appraisal of Case Reports Brief Reports
Conclusions— Many case reports support a causal link between cannabis and cerebrovascular events. This accords well with epidemiological and mechanistic research on the cerebrovascular effects of cannabis.
Source: Stroke - February 23, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Hackam, D. G. Tags: Secondary prevention, Cerebrovascular disease/stroke, Risk Factors for Stroke, Epidemiology Brief Reports Source Type: research

Alcohol Consumption at Midlife and Risk of Stroke During 43 Years of Follow-Up: Cohort and Twin Analyses Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— Stroke-risk associated with heavy drinking (>2 drinks/d) in midlife seems to predominate over well-known risk factors, hypertension and diabetes, until the age of 75 years and may shorten time to stroke by 5 years above and beyond covariates and genetic/early-life factors. Alcohol consumption should be considered an age-varying risk factor for stroke.
Source: Stroke - February 23, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Kadlecova, P., Andel, R., Mikulik, R., Handing, E. P., Pedersen, N. L. Tags: Cerebrovascular disease/stroke, Risk Factors Clinical Sciences Source Type: research

Primary Preventive Potential for Stroke by Avoidance of Major Lifestyle Risk Factors: The European Prospective Investigation Into Cancer and Nutrition-Heidelberg Cohort Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— Our analysis confirms the strong primary prevention potential for stroke based on avoidance of excess body weight, smoking, heavy alcohol consumption, unhealthy diet, and physical inactivity.
Source: Stroke - June 23, 2014 Category: Neurology Authors: Tikk, K., Sookthai, D., Monni, S., Gross, M.-L., Lichy, C., Kloss, M., Kaaks, R. Tags: Primary and Secondary Stroke Prevention, Risk Factors for Stroke, Epidemiology Clinical Sciences Source Type: research