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Condition: Hemorrhagic Stroke
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Total 597 results found since Jan 2013.

Jidong Restless Legs Syndrome Cohort Study: Objectives, Design, and Baseline Screening
This study will contribute to the scientific evidence on the association between RLS and cardiovascular risks and also provide an unprecedented opportunity for early detection and prevention of CVD.
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - October 13, 2021 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Cerebral arterial fenestration associated with stroke and other cerebrovascular diseases
In this study, we aimed to investigate the imaging characteristics of cerebral fenestrations, the clinical characteristics of fenestrations complicated with cerebrovascular diseases, and the correlation between fenestrations and cerebrovascular diseases. Methods We reviewed the magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography (CT) imaging findings of patients with cerebrovascular fenestrations in the Third Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from January 2016 to December 2020, mainly focused on the shape and location of fenestrations. According to the location of fenestrated arteries, patients were divided i...
Source: NeuroReport - October 7, 2021 Category: Neurology Tags: Clinical Neuroscience Source Type: research

Fabry-Stroke Italian Registry (FSIR): a nationwide, prospective, observational study about incidence and characteristics of Fabry-related stroke in young-adults. Presentation of the study protocol
DiscussionThe potential implications of this study are as follows: (i) to add information about the yield of systematic screening for Fabry disease in a prospective large cohort of acute cerebrovascular patients; (ii) to deepen knowledge of clinical, pathophysiological, and prognostic characteristics of Fabry-related stroke.
Source: Neurological Sciences - October 5, 2021 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

STudy of Alteplase for Respiratory failure in SARS-Cov2 COVID-19 (STARS): A Vanguard Multicenter, Rapidly Adaptive, Pragmatic, Randomized, Controlled Trial
Chest. 2021 Sep 27:S0012-3692(21)04063-0. doi: 10.1016/j.chest.2021.09.024. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: Pulmonary vascular microthrombi are a proposed mechanism of COVID19 respiratory failure. We hypothesized that early administration of tissue-plasminogen activator(tPA) followed by therapeutic heparin would improve pulmonary function in these patients.RESEARCH QUESTION: Does tPA improve pulmonary function in severe COVID-19 respiratory failure, and is it safe?STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Adults with COVID-19-induced respiratory failure were randomized May14,2020-March 3,2021 in two phases: Phase-1(n=36): contro...
Source: Chest - September 30, 2021 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Christopher D Barrett Hunter B Moore Ernest E Moore D Janice Wang Negin Hajizadeh Walter L Biffl Lawrence Lottenberg Purvesh R Patel Michael S Truitt Robert McIntyre Todd M Bull Lee Anne Ammons Arsen Ghasabyan James Chandler Ivor Douglas Eric Schmidt Pete Source Type: research

Stress Hyperglycemia in Patients With Acute Ischemic Stroke Due to Large Vessel Occlusion Undergoing Mechanical Thrombectomy
Stress hyperglycemia may impair outcomes in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) undergoing mechanical thrombectomy (MT). The glucose-to-glycated hemoglobin ratio (GAR) was used to measure stress hyperglycemia. Data from our database of consecutive patients admitted to the Udine University Hospital with AIS who were treated with MT between January 2015 and December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. We included 204 patients in the study and stratified them into four groups according to the quartiles of GAR (Q1–Q4). The higher the GAR index, the more severe the stress hyperglycemia was considered. Patients with more...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - September 29, 2021 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Hospital admissions of acute cerebrovascular diseases during and after the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic: a state-wide experience from Austria
AbstractWe investigated hospital admission rates for the entire spectrum of acute cerebrovascular diseases and of recanalization treatments for ischaemic stroke (IS) in the Austrian federal state of Styria during and also after the first coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) wave. We retrospectively identified all patients with transient ischaemic attack (TIA), IS and non-traumatic intracranial haemorrhage (ICH; including intracerebral, subdural and subarachnoid bleeding types) admitted to one of the 11 public hospitals in Styria (covering  >  95% of inhospital cerebrovascular events in this region). Information was e...
Source: Journal of Neurology - September 27, 2021 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Race/Ethnicity Considerations in the Prevention and Treatment of Stroke
AbstractPurpose of reviewTo describe racial and ethnic considerations that exist for the prevention and treatment of ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke.Recent findingsMultiple studies have characterized stroke disparities. The Greater Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky Stroke Study (GCNKSS) found that Black individuals have nearly twice the rates of stroke compared to White individuals. Differences in the incidence of stroke risk factors, both inherited and acquired, contribute to these disparities. Black individuals have an earlier age of onset, a longer duration, and greater severity of hypertension compared to White individuals....
Source: Current Treatment Options in Neurology - September 27, 2021 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

A Prospective Stroke Register in Sierra Leone: Demographics, Stroke Type, Stroke Care and Hospital Outcomes
This study reports the demographics, stroke types, stroke care and hospital outcomes for stroke in Freetown, Sierra Leone.Methods: A prospective observational register recorded all patients 18 years and over with stroke between May 2019 and April 2020. Stroke was defined according to the WHO criteria. Pearson's chi-squared test was used to examine associations between categorical variables and unpaired t-tests for continuous variables. Multivariable logistic regression, to explain in-hospital death, was reported as odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals.Results: Three hundred eighty-five strokes were registered, an...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - September 7, 2021 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Admission Lymphocytopenia is Associated with Urinary Tract Infection and Nosocomial Infections in Hemorrhagic Stroke
This study investigates the relationship between LOA and nosocomial infections in a cohort of patients with ICH in a safety-net hospital.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - September 3, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: Thiago Carneiro, William Spears, Jessica LeClair, Taylor Mahoney, Courtney Takahashi, Anna Cervantes-Arslanian Source Type: research

Importance of attributes and willingness to pay for oral anticoagulant therapy in patients with atrial fibrillation in China: A discrete choice experiment
by Jiaxi Zhao, Hao Wang, Xue Li, Yang Hu, Vincent K. C. Yan, Carlos K. H. Wong, Yutao Guo, Marco K. H. Cheung, Gregory Y. H. Lip, Chung-Wah Siu, Hung-Fat Tse, Esther W. Chan BackgroundAdherence to oral anticoagulant therapy in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) in China is low. Patient preference, one of the main reasons for discontinuation of oral anticoagulant therapy, is an unfamiliar concept in China. Methods and findingsA discrete choice experiment (DCE) was conducted to quantify patient preference on 7 attributes of oral anticoagulant therapy: antidote (yes/no), food –drug interaction (yes/no), frequency of blo...
Source: PLoS Medicine - August 26, 2021 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Jiaxi Zhao Source Type: research

Functional recovery of patients with intracerebral haemorrhage and cerebral infarction after rehabilitation
To investigate potential differences in functional recovery after rehabilitation between intracerebral haemorrhage and cerebral infarction, we retrospectively compared the outcomes of patients with intracerebral haemorrhage (N = 208) and cerebral infarction (N = 480) who were consecutively discharged from our convalescent rehabilitation hospital between January 2013 and December 2018. Functional improvement was estimated by functional independence effectiveness measurements (proportion of potential for improvement achieved) upon discharge. Univariate analysis showed no significant differences in functional improvement betw...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - August 13, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Association Between Plasma Total Homocysteine Levels and Risk of Early Hemorrhagic Transformation in Patients with Acute Ischemic Stroke: A Hospital-Based Study
In this study, we investigated the association between plasma total homocysteine(tHcy) levels and the risk of early hemorrhagic transformation(HT) in patients with acute ischemic stroke(AIS).
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - December 17, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Xin Wang, Qiuju Cao, Yali Lai, Xindong Liu, Yi Zhou, Le Yang, Lijuan Zhang Source Type: research

Weekend Effect on in-Hospital Mortality for Ischemic and Hemorrhagic Stroke in US Rural and Urban Hospitals
Previous studies have reported a “weekend effect” on stroke mortality, whereby stroke patients admitted during weekends have a higher risk of in-hospital death than those admitted during weekdays.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - August 11, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Birook Mekonnen, Guijing Wang, Janani Rajbhandari-Thapa, Lu Shi, Kiran Thapa, Zheng Zhang, Donglan Zhang Source Type: research

Risk factors and pathogenic microorganism characteristics for pneumonia in convalescent patients with stroke: A retrospective study of 380 patients from a rehabilitation hospital
Stroke significantly impacts public health and ranks among the leading causes of death and disabilities, resulting in enormous costs measured in both health care resources and lost productivity. It results primarily from embolus or thrombosis for ischemic stroke and hypertension for hemorrhagic stroke, respectively [1]. In 2016, there were 5.5 million deaths and 116.4 million disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) owed to stroke [2]. As reported, the impact of stroke on the Chinese population is more severe compared to average global levels, and the prevalence of stroke continues to surpass that of ischemic heart disease [3 –4].
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - May 13, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Jia Xu, Zhiling Yang Source Type: research

Early Stroke Recognition and Time-based Emergency Care Performance Metrics for Intracerebral Hemorrhage
Background and Aim: Performance measures have been extensively studied for acute ischemic stroke, leading to guideline-established benchmarks. Factors influencing care efficiency for intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) are not well delineated. We sought to identify factors associated with early recognition of ICH and to assess the association between early recognition and completion of emergency care tasks. Methods: Consecutive patients with spontaneous ICH were enrolled in an observational cohort study conducted from 2009 to 2017 at an urban comprehensive stroke center, excluding patient transferred from other hospitals.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - December 11, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Katharine Colton, Christopher T. Richards, Peter B. Pruitt, Scott J. Mendelson, Jane L. Holl, Andrew M. Naidech, Shyam Prabhakaran, Matthew B. Maas Source Type: research

Influence of a Comorbid Diagnosis of Seizure on 30-Day Readmission Rates Following Hospitalization for an Index Stroke
Objective: To examine the association of a comorbid seizure diagnosis with early hospital readmission rates following an index hospitalization for stroke in the United States. Methods: Retrospective analysis of the 2014 National Readmission Database. The study population included adult patients (age>18 years old) with stroke, identified using the International Classification of Disease Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) codes 433.X1, 434.X1, and 436 for ischemic stroke as well as 430, 431, 432.0, 432.1, and 432.9 for hemorrhagic stroke.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - November 25, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Alain Lekoubou, Kinfe G Bishu, Bruce Ovbiagele Source Type: research

Timing of Direct Enteral Tube Placement and Outcomes after Acute Stroke
Background: Direct enteral feeding tube (DET) placement for dysphagia after stroke is associated with poor outcomes. However, the relationship between timing of DET placement and poststroke mortality and disability is unknown. We sought to determine the risk of mortality and severe disability in patients who receive DET at different times after stroke. Methods: We used the Ontario Stroke Registry and linked administrative databases to identify patients with acute ischemic stroke or intracerebral hemorrhage between 2003 and 2013 who received DET (gastrostomy or jejunostomy) during their hospital admission.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - September 27, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Raed A. Joundi, Gustavo Saposnik, Rosemary Martino, Jiming Fang, Moira K. Kapral Source Type: research

Stroke Center Care and Outcome: Results from the CSPPC Stroke Program
AbstractThe aim of this study was to assess the association between admission to stroke centers for acute ischemic stroke and complications and mortality during hospitalization in a Chinese population by means of an observational study using data from the China Stroke Center Data-Sharing Platform. We compared in-hospital complications and mortality for patients admitted with acute ischemic stroke (N = 13,236) between November 1, 2018 and December 31, 2018 at stroke center (SH) and non-stroke center (CH) hospitals using distance to hospitals as an instrumental variable to adjust for potential prehospital selection bias....
Source: Translational Stroke Research - September 7, 2019 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Urban Versus Rural Egypt: Stroke Risk Factors and Clinical Profile: Cross-Sectional Observational Study
Background: Egypt is a densely populated country with living habits and health care services that differ from urban to rural regions. We aimed to study how characteristics of stroke vary among these regions. Methods: This is a cross-sectional observational study of ischemic stroke, thus hemorrhagic and venous strokes were excluded. A total of 1475 ischemic stroke patients were recruited for analysis from a tertiary hospital in Cairo representing urban area and from a secondary care hospital in Suhag representing rural region.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - August 11, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Nevine M. El Nahas, Hossam M. Shokri, Tamer M. Roushdy, Hany M. Aref, Salma M. Hamed, Ali S. Shalash, Mohamed I. Abdelrahem, Noha L. Dawood, Eman M. Abushady, Shady S. Georgy, Amr S. Zaki, Rady Y. Bedros Source Type: research

Survival After Ischemic and Hemorrhagic Stroke: A 4-Year Follow-Up at a Mexican Hospital
Overall, 75.2% of deaths from stroke occur in low- and middle-income countries. Mexico is a middle-income country with little information about the prognosis of early and late postischemic and hemorrhagic stroke.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - May 23, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Copytzy Cruz-Cruz, Hortensia Moreno-Mac ías, María del Socorro Parra-Cabrera, Carlos Hernández-Girón, Juan Manuel Calleja-Castillo Source Type: research

Factors Associated with Leukoaraiosis Severity in Acute Stroke Patients
Objective: Age-related cerebral white matter abnormalities, commonly termed leukoaraiosis (LA), are frequent manifestation of cerebral microvascular disease. Aging and hypertension are well linked to LA. We compared additional vascular risk factors and socioeconomic factors with LA severity in acute stroke patients. Methods: We analyzed 271 patients with acute ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke from a hospital registry. We collected clinical and socioeconomic data prospectively with a standardized questionnaire during acute stroke hospitalization.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - April 24, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Kishore Vedala, Arun K. Nagabandi, Stephen Looney, Askiel Bruno Source Type: research

Early Magnetic Resonance Imaging Decreases Hospital Length of Stay in Patients with Ischemic Stroke
Imaging modalities are important part of stroke evaluation. Noncontrast head computed tomography (CT) is the initial imaging modality in acute stroke and although important to rule out acute hemorrhage and making a decision on thrombolytic treatment, ischemic changes may not be visible on CT for up to 24 hours. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) brain is an invaluable tool to confirm an ischemic stroke and facilitates stroke evaluation. Objective of this study was to investigate the correlation between time to MRI and length of hospital stay.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - November 3, 2018 Category: Neurology Authors: Bharti Manwani, Subhendu Rath, Nora S. Lee, Ilene Staff, Christoph Stretz, Janhavi Modak, Pasquale F. Finelli Source Type: research

The HOPES Registry – Houston Methodist Hospital Outcomes-based Prospective Endpoints in Stroke
We present a single institution registry with the novel feature of 90-day outcome assessments on all hospitalized acute stroke patients, inclusive of every patient with a primary discharge diagnosis of transient ischemic attack (TIA), acute ischemic stroke (AIS), nontraumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), and intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH).
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - July 30, 2018 Category: Neurology Authors: Rajan Gadhia, David McCane, Jason Lee, Ken Chyuan Ling, Kevin Jiang, David Chiu Source Type: research

Impact of Transcranial Doppler Ultrasound on Logistics and Outcomes in Stroke Thrombolysis Clinical Sciences
Background and Purpose—Diagnostic transcranial Doppler ultrasound (TCD) is commonly used in patients with acute stroke before or during treatment with intravenous thrombolysis (IVT). We aimed to assess how much TCD delays IVT initiation and whether TCD influences outcomes.Methods—We analyzed data from the SITS-ISTR (Safe Implementation of Thrombolysis in Stroke–International Stroke Thrombolysis Register) collected from December 2002 to December 2011. Outcomes were door-to-needle time, symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage, functional outcome per the modified Rankin Scale, and mortality at 3 months.Results—In hospita...
Source: Stroke - June 25, 2018 Category: Neurology Authors: Michael V. Mazya, Niaz Ahmed, Elsa Azevedo, Antoni Davalos, Laura Dorado, Michal Karlinski, Svetlana Lorenzano, Jiři Neumann, Danilo Toni, Tiago P. Moreira Tags: Ultrasound, Health Services, Ischemic Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research

Evolution of a US County System for Acute Comprehensive Stroke Care Clinical Sciences
We examined relationships between stroke details, reperfusion therapies, hospital transfers, and their change over time.Methods—All patients from January 1, 2013, to December 31, 2015, for whom 911 was called within 7 hours of onset in whom Emergency Medical Services personnel suspected acute stroke were evaluated.Results—Among 6132 patients, 3924 (64%) had confirmed diagnosis of stroke (74% ischemic/26% hemorrhagic), yielding diagnostic precision of 64% in the field. Of the 2892 patients with acute ischemic stroke, acute reperfusion therapy was given to 29.2% (21.7% intravenous tPA [tissue-type plasminogen activator] ...
Source: Stroke - April 23, 2018 Category: Neurology Authors: Radoslav I. Raychev, Dana Stradling, Nirav Patel, Joey R. Gee, David A. Lombardi, Johnson L. Moon, David M. Brown, Mayank Pathak, Wengui Yu, Samuel J. Stratton, Steven C. Cramer Tags: Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke, Cerebrovascular Procedures, Ischemic Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research

Effects of Prehospital Thrombolysis in Stroke Patients With Prestroke Dependency Clinical Sciences
Background and Purpose—Data on effects of intravenous thrombolysis on outcome of patients with ischemic stroke who are dependent on assistance in activities of daily living prestroke are scarce. Recent registry based analyses in activities of daily –independent patients suggest that earlier start of intravenous thrombolysis in the prehospital setting leads to better outcomes when compared with the treatment start in hospital. We evaluated whether these observations can be corroborated in patients with prestroke dependency.Methods—This observational, retrospective analysis included all patients with acute ischemic str...
Source: Stroke - February 26, 2018 Category: Neurology Authors: Christian H. Nolte, Martin Ebinger, Jan F. Scheitz, Alexander Kunz, Hebun Erdur, Frederik Geisler, Tim-Bastian Braemswig, Michal Rozanski, Joachim E. Weber, Matthias Wendt, Katja Zieschang, Jochen B. Fiebach, Kersten Villringer, Ulrike Grittner, Sabina Ka Tags: Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke, Ischemic Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research

Ischemic and Hemorrhagic Stroke in Bahir Dar, Ethiopia: A Retrospective Hospital-Based Study
The epidemiology of stroke in sub-Saharan countries is poorly characterized because of lack of population-based studies and national vital statistics systems with complete death registration.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - February 3, 2018 Category: Neurology Authors: Samson Getachew Erkabu, Yinager Agedie, Dereje Desta Mihretu, Akiberet Semere, Yihun Mulugeta Alemu Source Type: research

The Burden of Diabetes and the Chance of a Previous Stroke: Thrombolysis for Recurrent Stroke in Diabetics
Intravenous thrombolysis with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator is still not approved by the European Medicines Agency for patients with diabetes mellitus and previous stroke. We assessed functional benefit and potential risk of thrombolysis in patients with diabetes and previous stroke and the influence of age, preexisting diabetic damage, as well as acute and chronic hyperglycemia on outcome, symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage, and in-hospital mortality.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - February 3, 2018 Category: Neurology Authors: Alexandra Filipov, Anne D. Ebert, Eva Neumaier-Probst, Angelika Alonso Source Type: research

Novel Telestroke Program Improves Thrombolysis for Acute Stroke Across 21 Hospitals of an Integrated Healthcare System Clinical Sciences
This study included 310 patients treated with alteplase in the pre–EXpediting the PRrocess of Evaluating and Stopping Stroke period and 557 patients treated with alteplase in the EXpediting the PRrocess of Evaluating and Stopping Stroke period. After implementation, alteplase administrations increased to 62/mo from 34/mo at baseline (P
Source: Stroke - December 22, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Mai N. Nguyen-Huynh, Jeffrey G. Klingman, Andrew L. Avins, Vivek A. Rao, Abigail Eaton, Sunil Bhopale, Anne C. Kim, John W. Morehouse, Alexander C. Flint Tags: Treatment, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke, Ischemic Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research

Palliative Care for Hospitalized Patients With Stroke Clinical Sciences
This study explores patterns of palliative care utilization and death in hospitalized patients with stroke across the United States.Methods—Using the 2010 to 2012 nationwide inpatient sample databases, we included all patients discharged with stroke identified by International Classification of Diseases-Ninth Revision codes. Strokes were subclassified as ischemic, intracerebral, and subarachnoid hemorrhage. We compared demographics, comorbidities, procedures, and outcomes between patients with and without a palliative care encounter (PCE) as defined by the International Classification of Diseases-Ninth Revision code V66....
Source: Stroke - August 28, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Tarvinder Singh, Steven R. Peters, David L. Tirschwell, Claire J. Creutzfeldt Tags: Race and Ethnicity, Quality and Outcomes, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke, Intracranial Hemorrhage, Ischemic Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research

Continuing or Temporarily Stopping Prestroke Antihypertensive Medication in Acute StrokeNovelty and Significance Stroke
Over 50% of patients are already taking blood pressure–lowering therapy on hospital admission for acute stroke. An individual patient data meta-analysis from randomized controlled trials was undertaken to determine the effect of continuation versus temporarily stopping preexisting antihypertensive medication in acute stroke. Key databases were searched for trials against the following inclusion criteria: randomized design; stroke onset ≤48 hours; investigating the effect of continuation versus stopping prestroke antihypertensive medication; and follow-up of ≥2 weeks. Two randomized controlled trials were identified a...
Source: Hypertension - April 12, 2017 Category: Cardiology Authors: Lisa J. Woodhouse, Lisa Manning, John F. Potter, Eivind Berge, Nikola Sprigg, Joanna Wardlaw, Kennedy R. Lees, Philip M. Bath, Thompson G. Robinson Tags: High Blood Pressure, Hypertension, Intracranial Hemorrhage, Ischemic Stroke Original Articles Source Type: research

Recurrent stroke in a patient with vitamin B12 deficiency and MTHFR mutation
We report an unusual case of recurrent stroke in a patient with vitamin B12 deficiency who was also homozygous for the methylene tetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene mutation. The patient was a 35-year-old male vegetarian with no known medical history who initially presented with global aphasia, slurred speech, right facial weakness, and right-sided hemiplegia and was found to have a stroke (NIH Stroke Scale score of 25). At that time a CT scan of the head ruled out intracranial hemorrhage and a CT angiogram of the head and neck was done. The patient was found to have occlusion of the M1 segment of the left middle cereb...
Source: Neurology Clinical Practice - February 12, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Zacharia, G., Shani, D., Ortiz, R. A. Tags: Stroke in young adults, Stroke prevention, Hematologic, All Cerebrovascular disease/Stroke Case Source Type: research

Rheumatic Mitral Valve Disease Is Associated With Worse Outcomes in Stroke Clinical Sciences
We examined the association between RMVD and both serious and common cardiovascular and noncardiovascular (respiratory and infective) complications in a cohort of hospitalized stroke patients based in Thailand. Factors associated with in-hospital mortality were also explored. Data were obtained from a National Insurance Database. All hospitalized strokes between October 1, 2004, and January 31, 2013, were included in the current study. Characteristics and outcomes were compared for RMVD and non-RMVD patients. Logistic regression, propensity score matching, and multivariate models were used to assess study outcomes.Results...
Source: Stroke - October 23, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Wood, A. D., Mannu, G. S., Clark, A. B., Tiamkao, S., Kongbunkiat, K., Bettencourt-Silva, J. H., Sawanyawisuth, K., Kasemsap, N., Barlas, R. S., Mamas, M., Myint, P. K. Tags: Rheumatic Heart Disease, Valvular Heart Disease, Complications, Mortality/Survival, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research

Thrombolysis with Low-Dose Tissue Plasminogen Activator 3–4.5 h After Acute Ischemic Stroke in Five Hospital Groups in Japan
We present data from 2005 to 2012 using a therapeutic window <3 h showing comparable results. tPA following endovascular therapy with recanalization might be superior to tPA only with recanalization (81.0 vs. 59.1 %). Compared with administration within 3 h of ischemic stroke onset, tPA administration within 3–4.5 h of ischemic stroke onset in real-world stroke emergency settings at multiple sites in Japan is as safe and has the same outcomes.
Source: Translational Stroke Research - January 27, 2016 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Resource Utilization for Patients with Intracerebral Hemorrhage Transferred to a Comprehensive Stroke Center
As a comprehensive stroke center (CSC), we accept transfer patients with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) in our region. CSC guidelines mandate receipt of patients with ICH for higher level of care. We determined resource utilization of patients accepted from outside hospitals compared with patients directly arriving to our center.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - October 9, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Claude Nguyen, Osman Mir, Farhaan Vahidy, Tzu-Ching Wu, Karen Albright, Amelia Boehme, Rigoberto Delgado, Sean Savitz Source Type: research

Hemorrhagic stroke following use of the synthetic marijuana "spice"
The association between the street drug spice (K-2 or herbal incense), a synthetic marijuana, and intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) has not yet been described, but it has with acute ischemic stroke (AIS),1 seizure, and myocardial infarction.2 Two young patients (31 and 25 years old) independently presented to our hospital with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) after spice inhalation. The first also had 2 large intraparenchymal hemorrhages (IPH); the other also had AIS. Both were previously healthy without hypertension, coagulopathy, bleeding diathesis, thrombocytopenia, intracranial aneurysm, arteriovenous malformation, connective...
Source: Neurology - September 28, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Rose, D. Z., Guerrero, W. R., Mokin, M. V., Gooch, C. L., Bozeman, A. C., Pearson, J. M., Burgin, W. S. Tags: Stroke in young adults, Other cerebrovascular disease/ Stroke, All Cerebrovascular disease/Stroke, Other toxicology, Intracerebral hemorrhage CLINICAL/SCIENTIFIC NOTES Source Type: research

Unlabeled amphetamine isomer in sports supplement “probably” caused hemorrhagic stroke
3.5 out of 5 stars Hemorrhagic Stroke Probably Caused by Exercise Combined With a Sports Supplement Containing β-Methylphenylethylamine (BMPEA): A Case Report. Cohen P et al. Ann Intern Med 2015 May 12 [Epub ahead of print] Reference Last month, the FDA sent letters to 5 companies that manufacture so-called “dietary” or “sports” supplements, warning them that their products were mislabeled because they contained an unlisted ingredient. That ingredient, β-methylphenylethylamine (BMPEA), is an isomer of amphetamine. Although the effects of BMPEA in humans have not been well studied, it has been ...
Source: The Poison Review - May 22, 2015 Category: Toxicology Authors: Leon Tags: Medical amphetamine beta-methylphenylethylamine BMPEA dietary supplement hemorrhagic stroke sports supplement Source Type: news

Prehospital Reversal of Warfarin-Related Coagulopathy in Intracerebral Hemorrhage in a Mobile Stroke Treatment Unit Clinical and Research Innovations
Source: Stroke - April 27, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Gomes, J. A., Ahrens, C. L., Hussain, M. S., Winners, S., Rasmussen, P. A., Uchino, K., on behalf of the Cleveland Pre-Hospital Acute Stroke Treatment Study Group Tags: Coumarins, Anticoagulants Clinical and Research Innovations Source Type: research

The disappearing thrombus: An uncommon cause of ischemic stroke
A 46-year-old woman presented with 2 episodes of transient left-sided paresis and hypoesthesia lasting 30 minutes. The emergency department initiated a stroke code due to reoccurrence of symptoms. Workup revealed a platelet count of 1,141,000, and CT angiography showed a large pedunculated thrombus within the right internal carotid artery (figure 1). She underwent emergent plateletpheresis without an anticoagulant (unfractionated heparin, low molecular weight heparin). This was not started at the time of initial presentation because of increased bleeding risk in patients with either reactive or essential thrombocythemia.1 ...
Source: Nature Clinical Practice - December 8, 2014 Category: Neurology Authors: Lerner, D. P., Graffagnino, C. Tags: Stroke in young adults, All Imaging, Embolism, Infarction Cases Source Type: research

Prevalence of Triggering Factors in Acute Stroke: Hospital-Based Observational Cross-sectional Study
Although chronic risk factors for stroke are reasonably well understood, the acute precipitants, or triggers, of stroke relatively remain understudied. Identification of particular time periods during which stroke risk is elevated could prove a valuable strategy to reduce stroke incidence through the introduction of appropriate prevention strategies during a period of vulnerability. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of trigger factors in acute stroke patients and to investigate the association of the presence of trigger factors with initial stroke severity at presentation (National Institutes of Health ...
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - November 22, 2014 Category: Neurology Authors: Ashish Sharma, Kameshwar Prasad, M.V. Padma, Manjari Tripathi, Rohit Bhatia, Mamta Bhusan Singh, Anupriya Sharma Source Type: research

Association Between In-Hospital Mortality and Renal Dysfunction in 186 219 Patients Hospitalized for Acute Stroke in the Emilia-Romagna Region of Italy
Using a regional Italian database, we evaluated the relationship between renal dysfunction and in-hospital mortality (IHM) in patients with acute stroke (ischemic/hemorrhagic). Patients were classified on the basis of renal damage: without renal dysfunction, with chronic kidney disease (CKD), and with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Of a total of 186 219 patients with a first episode of stroke, 1626 (0.9%) had CKD and 819 (0.4%) had ESRD. Stroke-related IHM (total cases) was independently associated with CKD, ESRD, atrial fibrillation (AF), age, and Charlson comorbidity index (CCI). In patients with ischemic stroke (n = 15...
Source: Angiology - October 20, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Fabbian, F., Gallerani, M., Pala, M., De Giorgi, A., Salmi, R., Dentali, F., Ageno, W., Manfredini, R. Tags: Stroke Source Type: research

Hospitalized Hemorrhagic Stroke Patients with Renal Insufficiency: Clinical Characteristics, Care Patterns, and Outcomes
Background: There is a paucity of information on clinical characteristics, care patterns, and clinical outcomes for hospitalized intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). We assessed characteristics, care processes, and in-hospital outcome among ICH patients with CKD in the Get With the Guidelines–Stroke (GWTG-Stroke) program.Methods: We analyzed 113,059 ICH patients hospitalized at 1472 US centers participating in the GWTG-Stroke program between January 2009 and December 2012. In-hospital mortality and use of 2 predefined ICH performance measures were examined based on glomerular filtrat...
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - August 25, 2014 Category: Neurology Authors: Bruce Ovbiagele, Lee H. Schwamm, Eric E. Smith, Maria V. Grau-Sepulveda, Jeffrey L. Saver, Deepak L. Bhatt, Adrian F. Hernandez, Eric D. Peterson, Gregg C. Fonarow Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

The Impact of Atherosclerotic Factors on Cerebral Aneurysm Is Location Dependent: Aneurysms in Stroke Patients and Healthy Controls
This study included consecutive 283 asymptomatic healthy adults and 173 acute stroke patients, from patients diagnosed with acute cerebral hemorrhage or cerebral infarction and admitted to our hospital. The incidence, maximum diameter, and location of UIAs were evaluated, and we also investigated the following factors: age, gender, current smoking, HT, diabetes mellitus (DM), and dyslipidemia. UIAs were found in 19 of the total 456 subjects (4.2%), 11 of 283 healthy subjects (3.9%), and 8 of 173 stroke patients (4.6%). These differences are not statically significant. The incidence of middle cerebral artery (MCA) aneurysms...
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - August 25, 2014 Category: Neurology Authors: Masaaki Hokari, Masanori Isobe, Tetsuaki Imai, Yasuhiro Chiba, Naotaka Iwamoto, Toyohiko Isu Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Acute Stroke Reperfusion Therapy Trends in the Expanded Treatment Window Era
Background: The American Heart Association/American Stroke Association (AHA/ASA) recommended an expansion of the time window for acute ischemic stroke (AIS) reperfusion with intravenous (IV) recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA) from 3 to 4.5 hours after symptom onset. We examine rates of IV and intra-arterial (IA) reperfusion before and after the recommendations to track guideline adoption in community practice.Methods: Patients with AIS in the Paul Coverdell National Acute Stroke Registry spanning years 2007-2012 were identified. Trends in rates of IV rt-PA versus IA therapy were examined. Outcomes included s...
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - August 25, 2014 Category: Neurology Authors: Ganesh Asaithambi, Xin Tong, Mary G. George, Albert W. Tsai, James M. Peacock, Russell V. Luepker, Kamakshi Lakshminarayan Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Telestroke a viable option to improve stroke care in India
In India, stroke care services are not well developed. There is a need to explore alternative options to tackle the rising burden of stroke. Telemedicine has been used by the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) to meet the needs of remote hospitals in India. The telemedicine network implemented by ISRO in 2001 presently stretches to around 100 hospitals all over the country, with 78 remote/rural/district health centers connected to 22 specialty hospitals in major cities, thus providing treatment to more than 25 000 patients, which includes stroke patients. Telemedicine is currently used in India for diagnosing stro...
Source: International Journal of Stroke - July 18, 2014 Category: Neurology Authors: Padma V. Srivastava, Paulin Sudhan, Dheeraj Khurana, Rohit Bhatia, Subash Kaul, P. N. Sylaja, Majaz Moonis, Jeyaraj Durai Pandian Tags: Panorama Source Type: research