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Total 1476 results found since Jan 2013.

Review on the Diagnosis and Treatment of Reversible Cerebral Vasoconstriction Syndrome in Children and Adolescents
Semin Neurol DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1702942Reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome (RCVS) is a clinical–radiologic diagnosis that affects children and adolescents, but it is much more frequently reported in adults. Clinically, patients present with severe and commonly recurrent thunderclap headaches. Typical precipitating triggers include vasoactive substances, serotonergic agents, and the postpartum period. There may be associated neurologic complications at presentation or in the weeks following, such as convexity subarachnoid hemorrhage, stroke, cerebral edema, cervical artery dissection (CeAD), and seizures. Angio...
Source: Seminars in Neurology - February 20, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Qubty, William Irwin, Samantha Lee Fox, Christine K. Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation in Relieving Neuropathic Pain: Basic Mechanisms and Clinical Applications
AbstractPurpose of ReviewTranscutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) is widely used as a non-pharmacological approach for pain relief in a variety of clinical conditions. This manuscript aimed to review the basic mechanisms and clinical applications regarding the use of TENS for alleviating the peripheral (PNP) and central neuropathic pain (CNP).Recent FindingsBasic studies on animal models showed that TENS could alleviate pain by modulating neurotransmitters and receptors in the stimulation site and its upper levels, including the spinal cord, brainstem, and brain. Besides, many clinical studies have investigated t...
Source: Current Pain and Headache Reports - February 18, 2020 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

The effects of migraine
About one in seven people live with what's ranked the second-most debilitating disease on the planet, right after back pain: migraine. Though the causes are unclear, migraine is a serious neurological disease that often runs in families. But the malady is not often taken seriously, in part because the headaches, sensitivity to light and sound, nausea, dizziness, and a host of other symptoms affect three times as many women as men. Correspondent Susan Spencer talks with migraine expert Dr. William Young; Linda Porter, of the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, about migraine research; Katherine Foxhall,...
Source: Health News: CBSNews.com - February 16, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Migraine, low-dose combined hormonal contraceptives, and ischemic stroke in young women: a systematic review and suggestions for future research.
Authors: Ornello R, Canonico M, Merki-Feld GS, Kurth T, Lidegaard Ø, MacGregor EA, Lampl C, Nappi RE, Martelletti P, Sacco S Abstract Introduction. Migraine and combined hormonal contraceptives (CHCs) increase the risk of ischemic stroke in young women; however, the contribution of low-dose (<50 μg ethinylestradiol) CHCs to the risk of ischemic stroke in young women with migraine is not well defined.Areas covered. The authors performed a systematic review of observational studies indexed in PubMed and Scopus from inception to May 22, 2019, reporting the effect sizes of ischemic stroke in women with migraine using...
Source: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics - February 15, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Expert Rev Neurother Source Type: research

Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome and Reversible Cerebral Vasoconstriction Syndrome: Clinical and Radiological Considerations
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) and reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome (RCVS) are relatively uncommon neurological disorders, but their detection has been increasing mainly due to clinical awareness and spreading of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Because these syndromes share some common clinical and radiologic features and occasionally occur in the same patient, misdiagnosis may occur. PRES is characterized by varied neurological symptoms including headache, impaired visual acuity or visual field deficit, confusion, disorders of consciousness, seizures, and motor deficits often associated...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - February 14, 2020 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Atrial myxoma with cerebellar signs: a case report
ConclusionAlthough rare, atrial myxoma has to be considered a cause of stroke and other embolic phenomenon causing multiorgan infarctions. Early and timely diagnosis of the condition can prevent further recurrence and inappropriate anticoagulant therapy. It would be pertinent to have echocardiography done in patients who present with a stroke, arrhythmias, and other constitutional symptoms. The tumor once detected must be removed surgically as early as possible, which not only reduces serious thromboembolic complications but can be potentially curative.
Source: Journal of Medical Case Reports - February 13, 2020 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Standard Diffusion-Weighted Imaging in the Brain Can Detect Cervical Internal Carotid Artery Dissections EXTRACRANIAL VASCULAR
CONCLUSIONS: In our cohort, a standard DWI sequence performed on the brain at the acute phase of a stroke or for a clinical suspicion of dissection detected nearly 90% of cervical ICA dissections.
Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology - February 12, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Adam, G., Darcourt, J., Roques, M., Ferrier, M., Gramada, R., Meluchova, Z., Patsoura, S., Viguier, A., Cognard, C., Larrue, V., Bonneville, F. Tags: EXTRACRANIAL VASCULAR Source Type: research

Headache at the Chronic Stage of Ischemic Stroke.
CONCLUSIONS: Headache in ischemic stroke survivors at the chronic stage is more frequent in women and in patients with pre-stroke headache. It is most frequently a headache with different characteristics of the pre-stroke headache and only rarely a new-onset headache starting at the acute stage and persisting at the chronic stage. PMID: 32022265 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Headache - February 5, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Carvalho Dias M, Martins T, Basílio G, Lucas Neto L, Caeiro L, Ferro JM, Verdelho A Tags: Headache Source Type: research

Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation as Treatment in Multiple Neurologic Conditions
AbstractPurpose of ReviewTranscranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is a method of Non-Invasive Brain Stimulation that is based on electro-physical principles discovered by Michael Faraday. A TMS device is made of one or two copper coils, positioned superficially to a site of interest in the brain, to non-invasively produce a brief magnetic pulse to an estimated depth from the surface of the scalp with the following axonal depolarization. This axonal depolarization activates cortical and subcortical networks with multiple effects. There are different methods of TMS used, all with different mechanisms of action. TMS is well to...
Source: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports - February 4, 2020 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

The burden of headache following aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage: a prospective single-center cross-sectional analysis
ConclusionsOur results suggest that a considerable proportion of SAH patients suffers from burdensome headache even years after the hemorrhage. Moreover, long-term headache is associated with reduced HR-QOL in these cases.
Source: Acta Neurochirurgica - February 4, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research

Intravenous Endothelin-1 Infusion Does Not Induce Aura or Headache in Migraine Patients With Aura.
CONCLUSIONS: Provocation of migraine aura by procedures or conditions involving vascular irritation is unlikely to be mediated by ET-1. PMID: 31994720 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Headache - January 29, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Hougaard A, Younis S, Iljazi A, Sugimoto K, Ayata C, Ashina M Tags: Headache Source Type: research

Isolated superior striate vein thrombosis in adults.
CONCLUSION: Isolated superior striate vein thrombosis is a rare form of intracranial venous thrombosis and should be considered in the differential diagnosis of stroke-like episodes with headache in adults. Isolated superior striate vein thrombosis presents with characteristic imaging features on CT and MRI. PMID: 31969077 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Interventional Neuroradiology - January 25, 2020 Category: Radiology Tags: Interv Neuroradiol Source Type: research

Cholangiocarcinoma manifesting as non-bacterial thrombotic endocarditis in a young patient
A 41-year-old female with steroid-dependent rheumatoid arthritis and a recent (four months prior) cerebellar stroke presented with complaints of constant headache and right eye blindness of one day.  At the time of the cerebellar stroke, she had presented with persistent headaches, dizziness and gait instability. That workup, including hypercoagulability evaluation, was unremarkable apart from the radiographic abnormalities diagnosing her left medial cerebellar hemisphere infarct. She was disc harged with a plan for outpatient loop recorder placement and aspirin for secondary stroke prevention.
Source: The American Journal of Medicine - January 24, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Ninad Nadkarni, Young Ju Lee, Ryan Hoefen, Richard Alweis Tags: Diagnostic Dilemma Source Type: research

Brain hyperintensities in magnetic resonance imaging of patients with mild acute focal neurology
ConclusionHyperintensities could serve as a diagnostic and prognostic imaging biomarker for patients, presenting with mild acute focal neurology, warranting application of automated quantification methods. However, larger cohorts are required to provide a definitive answer especially as this is a heterogenous group of patients.
Source: Neurological Sciences - January 23, 2020 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

The Risks or Lack Thereof of Migraine Treatments in Vascular Disease.
Abstract PREMISES: Patients with migraine have a co-morbidity with vascular diseases such as hypertension, coronary heart disease, and stroke. PROBLEM: This overview gives recommendations for the therapy of acute migraine attacks and for migraine  prevention in patients with vascular diseases. In particular, the use of triptans in patients with vascular diseases is discussed. POTENTIAL SOLUTIONS: Currently, there is a contraindication for the use of the triptans in patients with vascular disease, although there is no evidence that triptans increase the risk of heart attacks or stroke. PMID: 3196733...
Source: Headache - January 22, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Diener HC Tags: Headache Source Type: research

Application of the new at-column dilution (ACD) modulator for the two-dimensional RP ×HILIC analysis of Buddleja davidii.
Application of the new at-column dilution (ACD) modulator for the two-dimensional RP×HILIC analysis of Buddleja davidii. Anal Bioanal Chem. 2020 Jan 21;: Authors: Chen Y, Montero L, Luo J, Li J, Schmitz OJ Abstract The focus of this study was the analysis of the complex chemical composition from different parts of Buddleja davidii, whose species are commonly known as ornamental plants and herbal medicines in many countries. As an herbal medicine, it has been utilized for stroke treatments, headache, wound healing, neurological disorder, etc. However, the understanding of its chemical matrices is stil...
Source: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry - January 21, 2020 Category: Chemistry Authors: Chen Y, Montero L, Luo J, Li J, Schmitz OJ Tags: Anal Bioanal Chem Source Type: research

Stroke after spontaneous intracranial hypotension: Not a single mechanism. Case report and review of literature
We report a case of SIH followed with brain infarction, with a distinct presentation from previous literature, suggesting a different mechanism. A 35 year-old had severe orthostatic headache, responsible for prolonged bed rest. One month later, he had acute left hemiparesis secondary to stroke and right posterior cerebral artery occlusion. Stroke MRI showed arguments for intracranial hypotension (thickened meninges). He was successfully treated with intravenous rtPA thrombolysis. Headache were resolved after an epidural blood patch. A patent foramen ovale was detected. Clinical features of this description were compared w...
Source: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience - January 16, 2020 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Cardiac-Neurovascular Adverse Effects Responsible to Contrast Transcranial Doppler: A Case Report
Introduction and Case Presentation: A 44-year-old female patient suffered migraines and underwent contrast-enhanced transcranial Doppler (c-TCD). During the rapid injection of contrast agent, she suffered chest tightness, palpitation, decreased consciousness, perimouth numbness, and headache, respectively. Meanwhile, “curtain” pattern of air embolic signals lasted up to 115 seconds in her decreased right middle cerebral artery accompanied with arrhythmia. The microair embolic signals lasted as long as 340 seconds.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - January 14, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Xiuyun Mo, Zhengzheng Xuan, Weijun Zhang, Wei Wang, Jingxin Zhong Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

An Important Pediatric Stroke Mimic: Hemiplegic Migraine.
PMID: 31918771 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences - January 10, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Jurkiewicz MT, Vossough A, Pollock AN Tags: Can J Neurol Sci Source Type: research

Genomic profiling of human vascular cells identifies < i > TWIST1 < /i > as a causal gene for common vascular diseases
by Sylvia T. Nurnberg, Marie A. Guerraty, Robert C. Wirka, H. Shanker Rao, Milos Pjanic, Scott Norton, Felipe Serrano, Ljubica Perisic, Susannah Elwyn, John Pluta, Wei Zhao, Stephanie Testa, YoSon Park, Trieu Nguyen, Yi-An Ko, Ting Wang, Ulf Hedin, Sanjay Sinha, Yoseph Barash, Christopher D. Brown, Thomas Quertermous, Daniel J. Rader Genome-wide association studies have identified multiple novel genomic loci associated with vascular diseases. Many of these loci are common non-coding variants that affect the expression of disease-relevant genes within coronary vascular cells. To identify such genes on a genome-wide level, ...
Source: PLoS Genetics - January 9, 2020 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Sylvia T. Nurnberg Source Type: research

Prevalence and Diagnosis of Neurological Disorders Using Different Deep Learning Techniques: A  Meta-Analysis
This study confers the discipline, frameworks, and methodologies used by different deep learning techniques to diagnose different human neurological disorders. Here, one hundred and thirty-six different articles related to neurological and neuropsychiatric disorders diagnosed using different deep learning techniques are studied. The morbidity and mortality rate of major neuropsychiatric and neurological disorders has also bee n delineated. The performance and publication trend of different deep learning techniques employed in the investigation of these diseases has been examined and analyzed. Different performance metrics ...
Source: Journal of Medical Systems - January 4, 2020 Category: Information Technology Source Type: research

Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome with ischemic infarction complicated with intrauterine fetal death: A case report
We report a case of PRES with stroke in an adult with intrauterine fetal death (IUFD). Patient concerns: A 35-year-old Asian woman with twin pregnancy underwent cesarean section at 32 weeks of gestation because of IUFD. She presented with focal seizures and visual field defect 2 days after undergoing cesarean section. Her blood pressure and kidney, liver, and coagulation functions were normal without proteinuria. Diagnosis: PRES was diagnosed based on a series of brain magnetic resonance imaging findings. Ischemic infarction in the right frontal lobe eventually developed to encephalomalacia. Interventions: The pat...
Source: Medicine - January 1, 2020 Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research

142: Migraines in pregnancy and select adverse pregnancy outcomes
The objective of this study was to assess risk factors associated with maternal migraine, and the risk of maternal stroke, postpartum hemorrhage, and preterm birth in a large California birth cohort.
Source: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - December 31, 2019 Category: OBGYN Authors: Gretchen Bandoli, Rebecca J. Baer, Laura L. Jelliffe-Pawlowski, Christina Chambers Tags: Poster Session I Source Type: research

Safety and tolerability of transcranial magnetic and direct current stimulation in children: Prospective single center evidence from 3.5 million stimulations
ConclusionsStandard non-invasive brain stimulation paradigms are safe and well-tolerated in children and should be considered minimal risk. Advancement of applications in the developing brain are warranted.
Source: Brain Stimulation - December 31, 2019 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

FDA Approves New Drug For Migraine Sufferers
(CNN) — The US Food and Drug Administration on Monday announced the approval of a drug called ubrogepant for the acute treatment of migraine, which could be a new option for people who can’t take or don’t respond to migraine medications currently on the market. The drug will be sold under the name Ubrelvy by the pharmaceutical company Allergan. It is considered effective for migraine with or without aura, referring to the sensory or visual disturbances that occur among roughly a third of migraine sufferers. “Ubrelvy represents an important new option for the acute treatment of migraine in adults, as...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - December 24, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Health – CBS Boston Tags: Health News Syndicated CBSN Boston FDA Migraines Source Type: news

Neuro-Beh çet in a Sub-Saharan Africa Country: a Series of Sixteen Patients in Fann Teaching Hospital, Dakar, Senegal.
[Neuro-Behçet in a Sub-Saharan Africa Country: a Series of Sixteen Patients in Fann Teaching Hospital, Dakar, Senegal]. Bull Soc Pathol Exot. 2019;112(3):137-146 Authors: Gaye NM, Ndiaye-Diop MT, Fall M, Ka M, Fall SAA, Diop AM, Kahwaji J, Cissé-Diallo VMP, Mbaye M, Thioub M, Mbodji AB, Mbaye KA, Diagne R, Bakhoum M, Cissé O, Bâ EHM, Diagne NS, Diop-Sène MS, Basse-Faye AM, Sow AD, Sarr MM, Seck LB, Touré K, Ndiaye M, Diop AG Abstract Neuro-Behçet (NB) African studies are mainly North African, but Sub-Saharan Africa is not to be outdone. Our aim was to describe diagnostic and therapeutic features...
Source: Bulletin de la Societe de Pathologie Exotique - December 13, 2019 Category: Tropical Medicine Tags: Bull Soc Pathol Exot Source Type: research

Hypoglossal Nerve Palsy due to Compression by a Persistent Primitive Hypoglossal Artery: Case Report
A 51-year-old Japanese woman was admitted to our hospital because of speech difficulty following severe headache. Neurological examination showed dysarthria and tongue weakness on the right side, indicating right hypoglossal nerve palsy. Needle electromyography of the right side of the tongue showed fibrillation potentials. Magnetic resonance angiography and computed tomography angiography revealed a right, persistent, primitive hypoglossal artery (PPHA) that met Lie's diagnostic criteria. Digital subtraction angiography showed an extended PPHA with irregular caliber in the portion running through the right hypoglossal canal.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - December 12, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Hiroki Hikichi, Tatsuya Ueno, Masatoshi Iwamura, Haruo Nishijima, Akira Arai, Chieko Suzuki, Hiroshi Midorikawa, Jin-ichi Nunomura, Masahiko Tomiyama Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Intrathecal baclofen as emergency treatment alleviates severe intractable autonomic dysreflexia in cervical spinal cord injury.
Conclusion/Clinical Relevance: The case demonstrated that refractory AD could be managed with ITB in an emergency. PMID: 31815605 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - December 10, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Spinal Cord Med Source Type: research

En mann i 40- årene med akutt innsettende talevansker og ensidig lammelse.
En mann i 40-årene med akutt innsettende talevansker og ensidig lammelse. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2019 Dec 10;139(18): Authors: Jahr SH, Myro AZ, Vegge K, Campbell P Abstract BACKGROUND: Stroke has several causes and the diagnostic investigation can be challenging. Neurosyphilis occurs when Treponema pallidum infects the central nervous system, and is a rare cause of stroke. CASE PRESENTATION: A man in in his late forties with diabetes mellitus and overweight presented with headache, speech impairment and right-sided stroke symptoms. He also had cognitive impairment and psychiatric symptoms. He ...
Source: Tidsskrift for den Norske Laegeforening - December 10, 2019 Category: General Medicine Authors: Jahr SH, Myro AZ, Vegge K, Campbell P Tags: Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen Source Type: research

Direct electrophysiological evidence that spreading depolarization-induced spreading depression is the pathophysiological correlate of the migraine aura and a review of the spreading depolarization continuum of acute neuronal mass injury
AbstractSpreading depolarization is observed as a large negative shift of the direct current potential, swelling of neuronal somas, and dendritic beading in the brain ’s gray matter and represents a state of a potentially reversible mass injury. Its hallmark is the abrupt, massive ion translocation between intraneuronal and extracellular compartment that causes water uptake (= cytotoxic edema) and massive glutamate release. Dependent on the tissue’s energy st atus, spreading depolarization can co-occur with different depression or silencing patterns of spontaneous activity. In adequately supplied tissue, spreading depo...
Source: AGE - December 9, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Reversible Cerebral Angiopathy after Viral Infection in a Pediatric Patient with Genetic Variant of RNF213
We report a case of reversible cerebral angiopathy after viral infection in a pediatric patient with genetic variant of RNF213 mutation. The patient had developed a severe headache after hand, foot, and mouth disease.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - December 7, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Ikuma Echizenya, Kikutaro Tokairin, Masahito Kawabori, Ken Kazumata, Kiyohiro Houkin Source Type: research

Pathogenicity of the variant m.13376  T  >  C in ND5 remains unproven
With interest we read the article by Sasaki et al. about a 14  years old Japanese female with mitochondrial encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episode (MELAS) syndrome being attributed to the variant m.13376 T > C in ND5 [1]. The variant had been transmitted via the maternal line as the mother carried the same variant with high heteroplasmy rate but manifested differentially with only short stature and headache [1] The study has a number of shortcomings.
Source: Journal of the Neurological Sciences - December 5, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Josef Finsterer Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Pathogenicity of the variant m.13376  T  >  C in ND5 remains unproven
With interest we read the article by Sasaki et al. about a 14  years old Japanese female with mitochondrial encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episode (MELAS) syndrome being attributed to the variant m.13376 T > C in ND5 [1]. The variant had been transmitted via the maternal line as the mother carried the same variant with high heteroplasmy rate but manifested differentially with only short stature and headache [1] The study has a number of shortcomings.
Source: Journal of the Neurological Sciences - December 5, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Josef Finsterer Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Active targeting towards and inside the brain based on nanoparticles: A Review.
Abstract Treatment of neurological diseases using systemic and non-surgical techniques presents a significant challenge in medicine. This challenge is chiefly associated with the condensation and coherence of the brain tissue. The coherence structure of the brain is due to the presence of the blood brain barrier (BBB), which consists of a continuous layer of capillary endothelial cells. The BBB prevents most drugs from entering the brain tissue and is highly selective, permitting only metabolic substances and nutrients to pass through. Although this challenge has caused difficulties for the treatment of neurologic...
Source: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology - December 2, 2019 Category: Biotechnology Authors: Rabiei M, Kashanian S, Samavati SS, Jamasb S, McInnes SJP Tags: Curr Pharm Biotechnol Source Type: research

Migraine History: A Predictor of Negative Diffusion-Weighted Imaging in IV-tPA-Treated Stroke Mimics
Background: Migraine, seizures, and psychiatric disorders are frequently reported as “stroke mimics” in patients with negative diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) after IV-tPA. We sought to determine predictors of negative DWI in suspected stroke patients treated with IV-tPA. Method: A retrospective case-control study encompassing all acute stroke patients treated with IV-tPA (at o ur hospital or “dripped and shipped”) from January 2013 to December 2014 was con- ducted. A total of 275 patients were identified with 47 negative DWI cases and 228 positive DWI controls.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - August 8, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Jussie Lima, Tapan Mehta, Neil Datta, Ekaterina Bakradze, Ilene Staff, Dawn Beland, Amre Nouh Source Type: research

Ischemic Stroke Associated With Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide Inhibitor Therapy for Migraine: A Case Report
We describe a 41-year-old woman with migraine without aura who developed a right thalamic infarction following a first dose of erenumab, a CGRP-receptor blocker. Stroke onset occurred during a typical migraine.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - July 18, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Stephen Aradi, Eric Kaiser, Brett Cucchiara Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Remote poststroke headache in children: Characteristics and association with stroke recurrence
Conclusions Remote poststroke headache is a common morbidity among pediatric stroke survivors, particularly in older children. Headaches may increase health care utilization, including neuroimaging and hospital admissions. We identified a possible association between poststroke headache and stroke recurrence.
Source: Neurology Clinical Practice - June 10, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Chelse, A. B., Kurz, J. E., Gorman, K. M., Epstein, L. G., Balmert, L. C., Ciolino, J. D., Wainwright, M. S. Tags: Childhood stroke, Secondary headache disorders, Pediatric headache, Pediatric stroke; see Cerebrovascular Disease/ Childhood stroke, Risk factors in epidemiology Research Source Type: research

The Headache and Neck Pain in Ischemic Stroke Patients Caused by Cervicocerebral Artery Dissection. A Case-Control Study
The symptom of headache and neck pain is common in patients with cervicocerebral artery dissection (CAD). We attempt to screen ischemic stroke patients with CAD based on the characteristics of the pain.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - November 16, 2018 Category: Neurology Authors: Yuhan Wang, Wenchao Cheng, Yajun Lian Source Type: research

Frequency of Patent Foramen Ovale and Migraine in Patients With Cryptogenic Stroke Clinical Sciences
Conclusions—In patients with cryptogenic stroke who have migraine, there is a high prevalence (79%) of PFO with right-to-left shunt. The timing of the stroke in migraineurs is usually not related to a migraine attack. These observations are consistent with the hypothesis that the mechanism of stroke in migraineurs is most likely because of a paradoxical embolus. Future cryptogenic stroke classification schemes should consider including PFO as a separate etiologic category.
Source: Stroke - April 23, 2018 Category: Neurology Authors: Brian H. West, Nabil Noureddin, Yakov Mamzhi, Christopher G. Low, Alexandra C. Coluzzi, Evan J. Shih, Rubine Gevorgyan Fleming, Jeffrey L. Saver, David S. Liebeskind, Andrew Charles, Jonathan M. Tobis Tags: Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke, Ischemic Stroke, Embolism Original Contributions Source Type: research

Vulnerability to Infarction During Cerebral Ischemia in Migraine Sufferers Clinical Sciences
Conclusions—Migraine is likely to increase individual vulnerability to ischemic stroke during the process of acute brain ischemia and might represent, therefore, a potential new therapeutic target against occurrence and progression of the ischemic damage.
Source: Stroke - February 26, 2018 Category: Neurology Authors: Alessandro Pezzini, Giorgio Busto, Marialuisa Zedde, Massimo Gamba, Andrea Zini, Loris Poli, Filomena Caria, Valeria De Giuli, Anna Maria Simone, Rosario Pascarella, Alessandro Padovani, Marina Padroni, Roberto Gasparotti, Stefano Colagrande, Enrico Faina Tags: Epidemiology, Risk Factors, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke, Ischemic Stroke, Vascular Disease Original Contributions Source Type: research

Letter by Madsen and Chaturvedi Regarding Article, “Migraine and Cerebrovascular Atherosclerosis in Patients With Ischemic Stroke” Letter to the Editor
Source: Stroke - November 27, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Tracy E. Madsen, Seemant Chaturvedi Tags: Ischemic Stroke Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Response by van Os and Wermer to Letter Regarding Article, “Migraine and Cerebrovascular Atherosclerosis in Patients With Ischemic Stroke” Letter to the Editor
Source: Stroke - November 27, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Hendrikus J.A. van Os, Marieke J.H. Wermer Tags: Pathophysiology, Risk Factors, Computerized Tomography (CT), Ischemic Stroke, Atherosclerosis Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Migraine and Cerebrovascular Atherosclerosis in Patients With Ischemic Stroke Brief Report
Conclusions—Migraine is not associated with excess atherosclerosis in large vessels in patients with acute ischemic stroke. Our findings suggest that the biological mechanisms by which migraine results in ischemic stroke are not related to macrovascular cerebral atherosclerosis.
Source: Stroke - June 26, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Hendrikus J.A. van Os, Inge A. Mulder, Alexander Broersen, Ale Algra, Irene C. van der Schaaf, L. Jaap Kappelle, Birgitta K. Velthuis, Gisela M. Terwindt, Wouter J. Schonewille, Marieke C. Visser, Michel D. Ferrari, Marianne A.A. van Walderveen, Marieke J Tags: Computerized Tomography (CT), Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke, Intracranial Hemorrhage, Atherosclerosis Brief Reports Source Type: research

Accuracy and Reliability of Stroke Diagnosis in the Pediatric Emergency Department Clinical Sciences
Conclusions—ED physician diagnostic accuracy and reliability varies considerably across disorders presenting with brain attack symptoms. Clinical recognition tools are required to assist pediatric ED physicians with diagnosis of stroke and other serious neurological disorders.
Source: Stroke - April 24, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Mark T. Mackay, Adriana Yock-Corrales, Leonid Churilov, Paul Monagle, Geoffrey A. Donnan, Franz E. Babl Tags: Pediatrics, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke, Intracranial Hemorrhage, Ischemic Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research

Primary Angiitis of the Central Nervous System Clinical Sciences
Conclusions—Adult primary angiitis of the central nervous system is a heterogenous disease, with multiterritorial, distal, and bilateral acute stroke being the most common pattern of parenchymal lesions found on magnetic resonance imaging. Our findings suggest a higher than previously thought prevalence of hemorrhagic transformation and other hemorrhagic manifestations.
Source: Stroke - April 24, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Gregoire Boulouis, Hubert de Boysson, Mathieu Zuber, Loic Guillevin, Eric Meary, Vincent Costalat, Christian Pagnoux, Olivier Naggara Tags: Imaging, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke, Intracranial Hemorrhage, Ischemic Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research

Differentiating Childhood Stroke From Mimics in the Emergency Department Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— Being well in the week before presentation, inability to walk, face and arm weakness are associated with increased odds of stroke. The lack of positive or negative association between stroke and seizures or loss of consciousness is an important difference to adults. Pediatric stroke pathways and bedside tools need to factor in differences between children and adults and between stroke subtypes.
Source: Stroke - September 26, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Mackay, M. T., Yock-Corrales, A., Churilov, L., Monagle, P., Donnan, G. A., Babl, F. E. Tags: Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke, Intracranial Hemorrhage, Ischemic Stroke, Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA) Clinical Sciences Source Type: research

Pediatric Acute Stroke Protocol Activation in a Children's Hospital Emergency Department Brief Reports
Conclusions— Of pediatric brain attacks, 24% were stroke, 2% were transient ischemic attack, and 14% were other neurological emergencies. Together, 40% had a stroke or other neurological emergency, underscoring the need for prompt evaluation and management of children with brain attacks.
Source: Stroke - July 27, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Ladner, T. R., Mahdi, J., Gindville, M. C., Gordon, A., Harris, Z. L., Crossman, K., Pruthi, S., Abramo, T. J., Jordan, L. C. Tags: Emergency treatment of Stroke, Stroke in Children and the Young Brief Reports Source Type: research

Effects of Stroke Education of Junior High School Students on Stroke Knowledge of Their Parents: Tochigi Project Brief Reports
Conclusions— Improvement of stroke knowledge immediately after the stroke lesson was observed in parents as well as their children, which indicated that our teaching materials using the Manga was effective in delivering the stroke knowledge to parents through their children.
Source: Stroke - January 26, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Matsuzono, K., Yokota, C., Takekawa, H., Okamura, T., Miyamatsu, N., Nakayama, H., Nishimura, K., Ohyama, S., Ishigami, A., Okumura, K., Toyoda, K., Miyamoto, Y., Minematsu, K., on behalf of the Tochigi Junior High School Stroke Education Group, Participa Tags: Behavioral Changes and Stroke Brief Reports Source Type: research

Does a history of migraine affect the rate of thrombolysis in young stroke patients?
Conclusion. Migraine is associated with a low rate of thrombolytic therapy in young patients admitted with acute ischaemic stroke. Migraine patients admitted with acute ischaemic stroke are at risk of maltreatment. PMID: 24349822 [PubMed]
Source: Stroke Research and Treatment - December 2, 2014 Category: Neurology Tags: Stroke Res Treat Source Type: research

Hemorrhagic Stroke and Cerebral Paragonimiasis Brief Reports
Conclusions— Hemorrhagic stroke typically occurred during the acute stage and in the early stages of further Paragonimus migration. Delay of treatment increased the risk of initial and recurrent stroke.
Source: Stroke - October 27, 2014 Category: Neurology Authors: Xia, Y., Ju, Y., Chen, J., You, C. Tags: Acute Cerebral Hemorrhage, Computerized tomography and Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Primary and Secondary Stroke Prevention, Risk Factors for Stroke Brief Reports Source Type: research