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Total 2199 results found since Jan 2013.

Infections and Risk of Peripartum Stroke During Delivery Admissions Clinical Sciences
Conclusions—Infections present on admission increased stroke risk during delivery admissions in women with and without hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. The results were driven by genitourinary infections and sepsis. Infections may be an underrecognized precipitant of peripartum stroke.
Source: Stroke - April 23, 2018 Category: Neurology Authors: Eliza C. Miller, Marisa Gallo, Erin R. Kulick, Alexander M. Friedman, Mitchell S.V. Elkind, Amelia K. Boehme Tags: Pregnancy, Risk Factors, Women, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research

Smoking and Risk of Ischemic Stroke in Young Men Brief Report
We examined the dose–response relationship between the quantity of cigarettes smoked and the odds of developing an ischemic stroke in men under age 50 years.Methods—The Stroke Prevention in Young Men Study is a population-based case–control study of risk factors for ischemic stroke in men ages 15 to 49 years. The χ2 test was used to test categorical comparisons. Logistic regression models were used to calculate the odds ratio for ischemic stroke occurrence comparing current and former smokers to never smokers. In the first model, we adjusted solely for age. In the second model, we adjusted for potential confounding ...
Source: Stroke - April 23, 2018 Category: Neurology Authors: Janina Markidan, John W. Cole, Carolyn A. Cronin, Jose G. Merino, Michael S. Phipps, Marcella A. Wozniak, Steven J. Kittner Tags: Epidemiology, Primary Prevention, Risk Factors, Secondary Prevention, Ischemic Stroke Brief Reports Source Type: research

Residential Proximity to Major Roadways and Risk of Incident Ischemic Stroke in NOMAS (The Northern Manhattan Study) Clinical Sciences
Conclusions—In this urban multiethnic cohort, we found evidence supporting that within-city variation in residential proximity to major roadway is associated with higher risk of ischemic stroke. An individual’s smoking history modified this association, with the association remaining only among participants not currently smokers.
Source: Stroke - March 26, 2018 Category: Neurology Authors: Erin R. Kulick, Gregory A. Wellenius, Amelia K. Boehme, Ralph L. Sacco, Mitchell S. Elkind Tags: Aging, Cardiovascular Disease, Risk Factors, Ischemic Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research

Increased Risk of Pregnancy Complications After Stroke Clinical Sciences
Background and Purpose—The study goal was to investigate the prevalence of pregnancy complications and pregnancy loss in women before, during, and after young ischemic stroke/transient ischemic attack.Methods—In the FUTURE study (Follow-Up of Transient Ischemic Attack and Stroke Patients and Unelucidated Risk Factor Evaluation), a prospective young stroke study, we assessed the occurrence of pregnancy, miscarriages, and pregnancy complications in 223 women aged 18 to 50 years with a first-ever ischemic stroke/transient ischemic attack. Pregnancy complications (gestational hypertension, diabetes mellitus, preeclampsia, ...
Source: Stroke - March 26, 2018 Category: Neurology Authors: Mayte E. van Alebeek, Myrthe de Vrijer, Renate M. Arntz, Noortje A.M.M. Maaijwee, Nathalie E. Synhaeve, Hennie Schoonderwaldt, Maureen J. van der Vlugt, Ewoud J. van Dijk, Roel de Heus, Loes C.A. Rutten-Jacobs, Frank-Erik de Leeuw Tags: Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke, Ischemic Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research

Predictors of Thrombolysis Administration in Mild Stroke Clinical Sciences
Conclusions—Mild acutely presenting stroke patients are more likely to receive thrombolysis if they are young, white, or Hispanic and arrive early to the hospital with more severe neurological presentation. Identification of predictors of thrombolysis is important in design of future studies to assess the use of thrombolysis for mild stroke.
Source: Stroke - February 26, 2018 Category: Neurology Authors: Negar Asdaghi, Kefeng Wang, Maria A. Ciliberti-Vargas, Carolina Marinovic Gutierrez, Sebastian Koch, Hannah Gardener, Chuanhui Dong, David Z. Rose, Enid J. Garcia, W. Scott Burgin, Juan Carlos Zevallos, Tatjana Rundek, Ralph L. Sacco, Jose G. Romano Tags: Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke, Ischemic Stroke, Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA) Original Contributions Source Type: research

Clinical and Demographic Characteristics Associated With Suboptimal Primary Stroke and Transient Ischemic Attack Prevention Clinical Sciences
Conclusions—Knowing the patient characteristics predictive of missed opportunities for stroke prevention may help primary care identify and appropriately manage these patients. Improving the management of these groups may reduce their risk and potentially prevent large number of future strokes and TIAs in the population.
Source: Stroke - February 26, 2018 Category: Neurology Authors: Grace M. Turner, Melanie Calvert, Max G. Feltham, Ronan Ryan, Samuel Finnikin, Tom Marshall Tags: Epidemiology, Primary Prevention, Hypertension, Ischemic Stroke, Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA) Original Contributions Source Type: research

Whole Grain Consumption and Risk of Ischemic Stroke Clinical Sciences
Conclusions—Although overall consumption of whole grains was not associated with lower risk of ischemic stroke, greater consumption of whole grain cold breakfast cereal and bran was significantly associated with a lower risk of ischemic stroke. More studies are needed to replicate these associations between individual whole grain foods and risk of ischemic stroke among other populations.
Source: Stroke - November 27, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Juan Juan, Gang Liu, Walter C. Willett, Frank B. Hu, Kathryn M. Rexrode, Qi Sun Tags: Diet and Nutrition, Epidemiology, Ischemic Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research

CHA2DS2-VASc Score for Identifying Truly Low-Risk Atrial Fibrillation for Stroke Clinical Sciences
Conclusions—The CHA2DS2-VASc score shows good performance in defining truly low-risk Asian patients with atrial fibrillation for stroke compared with CHADS2 and ATRIA scores.
Source: Stroke - October 23, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Tae-Hoon Kim, Pil-Sung Yang, Daehoon Kim, Hee Tae Yu, Jae-Sun Uhm, Jong-Youn Kim, Hui-Nam Pak, Moon-Hyoung Lee, Boyoung Joung, Gregory Y.H. Lip Tags: Atrial Fibrillation, Quality and Outcomes, Ischemic Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research

Pancreatic {beta}-Cell Function and Prognosis of Nondiabetic Patients With Ischemic Stroke Clinical Sciences
Conclusions—In this large-scale registry, β-cell dysfunction was associated with an increased risk of 12-month poor prognosis in nondiabetic patients with ischemic stroke.
Source: Stroke - October 23, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Yuesong Pan, Weiqi Chen, Jing Jing, Huaguang Zheng, Qian Jia, Hao Li, Xingquan Zhao, Liping Liu, Yongjun Wang, Yan He, Yilong Wang Tags: Diabetes, Type 2, Secondary Prevention, Ischemic Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research

Corneal Confocal Microscopy Detects Corneal Nerve Damage in Patients Admitted With Acute Ischemic Stroke Clinical Sciences
Background and Purpose—Corneal confocal microscopy can identify corneal nerve damage in patients with peripheral and central neurodegeneration. However, the use of corneal confocal microscopy in patients presenting with acute ischemic stroke is unknown.Methods—One hundred thirty patients (57 without diabetes mellitus [normal glucose tolerance], 32 with impaired glucose tolerance, and 41 with type 2 diabetes mellitus) admitted with acute ischemic stroke, and 28 age-matched healthy control participants underwent corneal confocal microscopy to quantify corneal nerve fiber density, corneal nerve branch density, and corneal...
Source: Stroke - October 23, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Adnan Khan, Naveed Akhtar, Saadat Kamran, Georgios Ponirakis, Ioannis N. Petropoulos, Nahel A. Tunio, Soha R. Dargham, Yahia Imam, Faheem Sartaj, Aijaz Parray, Paula Bourke, Rabia Khan, Mark Santos, Sujatha Joseph, Ashfaq Shuaib, Rayaz A. Malik Tags: Translational Studies, Imaging, Ischemic Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research

Impact of Stroke Risk Factors on Ethnic Stroke Disparities Among Midlife Mexican Americans and Non-Hispanic Whites Brief Report
Conclusions—The higher prevalence of diabetes mellitus and hypertension and stronger association of diabetes mellitus with IS among midlife Mexican Americans likely contribute to persistent midlife ethnic stroke disparities.
Source: Stroke - September 25, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Raȷiv C. Patel, Brisa N. Sanchez, Lewis B. Morgenstern, Chengwei Li, Lynda D. Lisabeth Tags: Race and Ethnicity, Risk Factors, Ischemic Stroke Brief Reports Source Type: research

Vascular Risk Factor Profiles Differ Between Magnetic Resonance Imaging-Defined Subtypes of Younger-Onset Lacunar Stroke Clinical Sciences
Conclusions—In this magnetic resonance imaging–verified lacunar stroke population, we identified a distinct risk factor profile in the group as a whole. However, there were differing risk factor profiles according to the presence of multiple lacunar infarcts and confluent WMH. The association of hypertension, smoking, and renal impairment with the presence of multiple lacunar infarcts and confluent WMH might reflect a diffuse small vessel arteriopathy.
Source: Stroke - August 28, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Loes C.A. Rutten-Jacobs, Hugh S. Markus Tags: Risk Factors, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research

Community-Based Intervention to Improve Cardiometabolic Targets in Patients With Stroke Clinical Sciences
Conclusions—The intervention in this largely negative trial only had a detectable effect on attaining target for lipids but not for other factors at 12 months or any factor at 24 months. This limited effect may be attributable to inadequate uptake of behavioral/lifestyle interventions, highlighting the need for new or better approaches to achieve meaningful behavioral change.Clinical Trial Registration—URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: ACTRN12608000166370.
Source: Stroke - August 28, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Muideen T. Olaiya, Dominique A. Cadilhac, Joosup Kim, Mark R. Nelson, Velandai K. Srikanth, Richard P. Gerraty, Christopher F. Bladin, Sharyn M. Fitzgerald, Thanh Phan, Judith Frayne, Amanda G. Thrift Tags: Lifestyle, Risk Factors, Secondary Prevention, Treatment, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research

One-Year Incidence, Time Trends, and Predictors of Recurrent Ischemic Stroke in Sweden From 1998 to 2010 Clinical Sciences
Conclusions—The risk of recurrent ischemic stroke decreased from 1998 to 2010. Well-known risk factors for stroke were associated with a higher risk of ischemic stroke recurrence; whereas, secondary preventive medication was associated with a reduced risk, emphasizing the importance of secondary preventive treatment.
Source: Stroke - July 24, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Lisa Bergstrom, Anna–Lotta Irewall, Lars Soderstrom, Joachim Ogren, Katarina Laurell, Thomas Mooe Tags: Epidemiology, Risk Factors, Secondary Prevention, Quality and Outcomes, Ischemic Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research

Contribution of Established Stroke Risk Factors to the Burden of Stroke in Young Adults Clinical Sciences
Conclusions—Modifiable risk factors previously established in older populations also account for a large part of stroke in younger adults, with 4 risk factors explaining almost 80% of stroke risk.Clinical Trial Registration—URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT00414583.
Source: Stroke - June 26, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Annette Aigner, Ulrike Grittner, Arndt Rolfs, Bo Norrving, Bob Siegerink, Markus A. Busch Tags: Epidemiology, Risk Factors, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research

Serum Insulin-Like Growth Factor 1 and the Risk of Ischemic Stroke Clinical Sciences
We examined prospectively the association between serum IGF-1 levels and incident ischemic stroke.Methods—We measured serum IGF-1 levels in 757 elderly individuals (mean age 79±5, 62% women), free of prevalent stroke, from the Framingham original cohort participants at the 22nd examination cycle (1990–1994) and were followed up for the development of ischemic stroke. Cox models were used to relate IGF-1 levels to the risk for incident ischemic stroke, adjusted for potential confounders.Results—During a mean follow-up of 10.2 years, 99 individuals developed ischemic stroke. After adjustment for age, sex, and potentia...
Source: Stroke - June 26, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Hamidreza Saber, Jayandra J. Himali, Alexa S. Beiser, Ashkan Shoamanesh, Aleksandra Pikula, Ronenn Roubenoff, Jose R. Romero, Carlos S. Kase, Ramachandran S. Vasan, Sudha Seshadri Tags: Risk Factors, Ischemic Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research

Prevalence of Fabry Disease and Outcomes in Young Canadian Patients With Cryptogenic Ischemic Cerebrovascular Events Clinical Sciences
Conclusions—In this Canadian cohort of patients with cryptogenic IS or TIA, the prevalence of Fabry was 0.3% if p.R118C variant is considered as pathogenic. This suggests that more cost-effective methods should be applied for diagnosis of Fabry rather than systematic genetic screening in this population. Overall, cryptogenic IS in young adults is associated with favorable outcomes.
Source: Stroke - June 26, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Sylvain Lanthier, Gustavo Saposnik, Gerald Lebovic, Karen Pope, Daniel Selchen, David F. Moore, on behalf of the Canadian Fabry Stroke Screening Initiative Study Group Tags: Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke, Ischemic Stroke, Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA), Vascular Disease Original Contributions Source Type: research

CHA2DS2-VASc Score (Congestive Heart Failure, Hypertension, Age >=75 Doubled, Diabetes Mellitus, Prior Stroke or Transient Ischemic Attack Doubled, Vascular Disease, Age 65-74, Female) for Stroke in Asian Patients With Atrial Fibrillation Clinical Sciences
Background and Purpose—The CHA2DS2-VASc stroke score (congestive heart failure, hypertension, age ≥75 (doubled), diabetes mellitus, prior stroke or transient ischemic attack (doubled), vascular disease, age 65–74, female) is used in most guidelines for risk stratification in atrial fibrillation (AF), but most data for this score have been derived in Western populations. Ethnic differences in stroke risk may be present. Our objective was to investigate risk factors for stroke in AF and application of the CHA2DS2-VASc score in an Asian AF population from Korea.Methods—A total of 5855 oral anticoagulant–naive nonval...
Source: Stroke - May 22, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Tae-Hoon Kim, Pil-Sung Yang, Jae-Sun Uhm, Jong-Youn Kim, Hui-Nam Pak, Moon-Hyoung Lee, Boyoung Joung, Gregory Y.H. Lip Tags: Arrhythmias, Risk Factors, Ischemic Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research

Insulin Resistance and Prognosis of Nondiabetic Patients With Ischemic Stroke Clinical Sciences
Conclusions—Insulin resistance was associated with an increased risk of death, stroke recurrence, and poor outcome but not dependence in nondiabetic patients with acute ischemic stroke.
Source: Stroke - March 27, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Jing Jing, Yuesong Pan, Xingquan Zhao, Huaguang Zheng, Qian Jia, Donghua Mi, Weiqi Chen, Hao Li, Liping Liu, Chunxue Wang, Yan He, David Wang, Yilong Wang, Yongjun Wang Tags: Prognosis, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke, Ischemic Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research

Declining Incidence of Ischemic Stroke Clinical Sciences
Conclusions—Changes in cardiovascular risk factors explained 57% of the decrease in IS incidence from 1995 to 2012. Reduction in systolic blood pressure and prevalence of smoking were the most important contributors.
Source: Stroke - February 26, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Anne M. Vangen–Lonne, Tom Wilsgaard, Stein Harald Johnsen, Maȷa–Lisa Lochen, Inger Nȷolstad, Ellisiv B. Mathiesen Tags: Epidemiology, Risk Factors, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke, Ischemic Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research

Pioglitazone for Secondary Stroke Prevention Clinical Sciences
Conclusions—Pioglitazone reduces recurrent stroke and major vascular events in ischemic stroke patients with insulin resistance, prediabetes, and diabetes mellitus.
Source: Stroke - January 22, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Meng Lee, Jeffrey L. Saver, Hung-Wei Liao, Chun-Hsien Lin, Bruce Ovbiagele Tags: Cardiovascular Disease, Diabetes, Type 2, Secondary Prevention, Meta Analysis, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research

Ethnic Comparison of Clinical Characteristics and Ischemic Stroke Subtypes Among Young Adult Patients With Stroke in Hawaii Clinical Sciences
Background and Purpose—Native Hawaiians and other Pacific Islanders (NHOPI) with ischemic stroke have younger age of stroke onset compared with whites. However, ethnic differences in stroke subtypes in this population have been inadequately studied.Methods—Consecutive young adult patients (aged ≤55 years) who were hospitalized for ischemic stroke between 2006 and 2012 at a tertiary center in Honolulu were studied. Clinical characteristics and stroke subtypes based on pathophysiological TOAST classification (Trial of Org 10172) of NHOPI and Asians were compared with whites.Results—A total of 427 consecutive young ad...
Source: Stroke - December 22, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Kazuma Nakagawa, Cherisse S. Ito, Sage L. King Tags: Race and Ethnicity, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research

Neurorestorative Responses to Delayed Human Mesenchymal Stromal Cells Treatment of Stroke in Type 2 Diabetic Rats Basic Sciences
Conclusions—In T2DM stroke rats, delayed hMSC treatment significantly improves neurological functional outcome and increases neurorestorative effects and M2 macrophage polarization. Increasing brain platelet-derived growth factor expression may contribute to hMSC-induced neurorestoration.
Source: Stroke - October 23, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Yan, T., Venkat, P., Chopp, M., Zacharek, A., Ning, R., Roberts, C., Zhang, Y., Lu, M., Chen, J. Tags: Cell Therapy, Stem Cells, Diabetes, Type 2, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke, Ischemic Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research

Association of Major Depressive Episodes With Stroke Risk in a Prospective Study of 0.5 Million Chinese Adults Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— Findings from this large prospective study suggest that the presence of MDE is a risk factor for stroke, especially in smokers.
Source: Stroke - August 21, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Sun, J., Ma, H., Yu, C., Lv, J., Guo, Y., Bian, Z., Yang, L., Chen, Y., Shen, H., Chen, Z., Hu, Z., Li, L., on behalf of the China Kadoorie Biobank Collaborative Group Tags: Mental Health, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke Clinical Sciences Source Type: research

Risk Stratification for Recurrence and Mortality in Embolic Stroke of Undetermined Source Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— The risk of recurrent ischemic stroke/TIA and death in ESUS is reliably stratified by CHADS2 and CHA2DS2-VASc scores. Compared with the low-risk group, patients in the high-risk CHA2DS2-VASc group have much higher risk of ischemic stroke recurrence/TIA and death, approximately 3-fold and 13-fold, respectively.
Source: Stroke - August 21, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Ntaios, G., Vemmos, K., Lip, G. Y. H., Koroboki, E., Manios, E., Vemmou, A., Rodriguez-Campello, A., Cuadrado-Godia, E., Giralt-Steinhauer, E., Arnao, V., Caso, V., Paciaroni, M., Diez-Tejedor, E., Fuentes, B., Perez Lucas, J., Arauz, A., Ameriso, S. F., Tags: Ischemic Stroke Clinical Sciences Source Type: research

Prognosis of Ischemic Stroke With Newly Diagnosed Diabetes Mellitus According to Hemoglobin A1c Criteria in Chinese Population Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— NDDM by new criteria was associated with poor prognosis at 1 year after ischemic stroke; however, NDDM with single high HbA1c did not predict a poor prognosis.
Source: Stroke - July 24, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Jing, J., Pan, Y., Zhao, X., Zheng, H., Jia, Q., Li, H., Guan, L., Liu, L., Wang, C., Meng, X., He, Y., Wang, Y., Wang, Y. Tags: Diabetes, Type 2, Quality and Outcomes, Ischemic Stroke Clinical Sciences Source Type: research

Risk Profile of Symptomatic Lacunar Stroke Versus Nonlobar Intracerebral Hemorrhage Brief Reports
Conclusions— The risk factor profile of dICH differs from that associated with LS. This might be used for disease risk stratification at individual level.
Source: Stroke - July 24, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Morotti, A., Paciaroni, M., Zini, A., Silvestrelli, G., Del Zotto, E., Caso, V., DellAcqua, M. L., Simone, A. M., Lanari, A., Costa, P., Poli, L., De Giuli, V., Gamba, M., Ciccone, A., Ritelli, M., Di Castelnuovo, A., Iacoviello, L., Colombi, M., Agnelli, Tags: Intracranial Hemorrhage, Ischemic Stroke Brief Reports Source Type: research

Association Between Midlife Cardiorespiratory Fitness and Risk of Stroke: The Cooper Center Longitudinal Study Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— There is a strong, inverse association between midlife CRF and stroke risk in later life independent of baseline and antecedent burden of risk factors, such as hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and atrial fibrillation.
Source: Stroke - June 26, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Pandey, A., Patel, M. R., Willis, B., Gao, A., Leonard, D., Das, S. R., Defina, L., Berry, J. D. Tags: Epidemiology, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke Clinical Sciences Source Type: research

Cost-Effectiveness of Oral Anticoagulants for Ischemic Stroke Prophylaxis Among Nonvalvular Atrial Fibrillation Patients Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— All the newer oral anticoagulants compared were more effective than adjusted dosed warfarin. Our model showed that apixaban was the most effective anticoagulant in a general atrial fibrillation population and has an incremental cost-effectiveness ratio <$50 000/QALY. For those with higher stroke risk (CHADS2≥3), dabigatran was the most cost-effective treatment option.
Source: Stroke - May 22, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Shah, A., Shewale, A., Hayes, C. J., Martin, B. C. Tags: Anticoagulants, Cost-Effectiveness, Ischemic Stroke Clinical Sciences Source Type: research

Reducing Readmissions After Stroke With a Structured Nurse Practitioner/Registered Nurse Transitional Stroke Program Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— Evaluation in a nurse practitioner–led structured clinic is a model that may reduce readmissions at 30 days for stroke patients discharged home.
Source: Stroke - May 22, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Condon, C., Lycan, S., Duncan, P., Bushnell, C. Tags: Cost-Effectiveness, Health Services, Quality and Outcomes, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke Clinical Sciences Source Type: research

Carotid Atherosclerosis and Stroke in Atrial Fibrillation: The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study Brief Reports
Conclusions— Increased cIMT and presence of carotid plaque are associated with increased risk of ischemic stroke in individuals with AF. Furthermore, they may improve risk prediction of stroke, over and above the CHA2DS2-VASc score.
Source: Stroke - May 22, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Bekwelem, W., Jensen, P. N., Norby, F. L., Soliman, E. Z., Agarwal, S. K., Lip, G. Y. H., Pan, W., Folsom, A. R., Longstreth, W. T., Alonso, A., Heckbert, S. R., Chen, L. Y. Tags: Atrial Fibrillation, Risk Factors, Ischemic Stroke, Atherosclerosis Brief Reports Source Type: research

Heart Rate Variability and Incident Stroke: The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— Lower HRV was associated with higher risk of incident stroke among middle-aged adults with prevalent diabetes mellitus but not among people without diabetes mellitus.
Source: Stroke - May 22, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Fyfe-Johnson, A. L., Muller, C. J., Alonso, A., Folsom, A. R., Gottesman, R. F., Rosamond, W. D., Whitsel, E. A., Agarwal, S. K., MacLehose, R. F. Tags: Autonomic Nervous System, Cardiovascular Disease, Diabetes, Type 2, Risk Factors, Ischemic Stroke Clinical Sciences Source Type: research

Trends in Age of First-Ever Stroke Following Increased Incidence and Life Expectancy in a Low-Income Chinese Population Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— The age of stroke onset tends to be younger among low-income population in China after the dramatic increased incidence of stroke during the gradual extension of life expectancy of population in China. These findings suggested that stroke burden will continue to increase in the long time, unless the risk factors in low-income populations are effectively controlled.
Source: Stroke - March 27, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Wang, J., Bai, L., Shi, M., Yang, L., An, Z., Li, B., Zhao, W., Gu, H., Zhan, C., Tu, J., Ning, X. Tags: Epidemiology, Lifestyle, Primary Prevention, Risk Factors, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke Clinical Sciences Source Type: research

Short Leukocyte Telomere Length Is Associated With Cardioembolic Stroke Risk in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation Brief Reports
Conclusions— Telomere shortening is associated with cardioembolic stroke risk in patients with AF. Prospective studies are encouraged to establish the value of LTL to improve prediction tools to categorize cardioembolic stroke risk in AF.
Source: Stroke - February 22, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Allende, M., Molina, E., Gonzalez-Porras, J. R., Toledo, E., Lecumberri, R., Hermida, J. Tags: Atrial Fibrillation, Risk Factors, Genetics, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke, Ischemic Stroke Brief Reports Source Type: research

Perceived Unmet Rehabilitation Needs 1 Year After Stroke: An Observational Study From the Swedish Stroke Register Brief Reports
Conclusions— Unfulfilled rehabilitation needs 1 year poststroke are common and associated with high age, dependency, pain, and depression. Long-term follow-up systems should, therefore, be comprehensive and address multiple domains of poststroke problems, rather than having a single-domain focus.
Source: Stroke - January 25, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Ullberg, T., Zia, E., Petersson, J., Norrving, B. Tags: Quality and Outcomes, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke Brief Reports Source Type: research

Role of Prestroke Vascular Pathology in Long-Term Prognosis After Stroke: The Rotterdam Study Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— One quarter of deaths after stroke could theoretically be prevented with rigorous cardiovascular prevention and treatment, but this should preferably start before stroke occurrence. In addition, research into factors explaining the remaining deaths needs to be encouraged.
Source: Stroke - December 28, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Portegies, M. L. P., Bos, M. J., Hofman, A., Heeringa, J., Franco, O. H., Koudstaal, P. J., Ikram, M. A. Tags: Epidemiology, Risk Factors, Mortality/Survival, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke Clinical Sciences Source Type: research

Association of Dietary Protein Consumption With Incident Silent Cerebral Infarcts and Stroke: The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— This study supports the notion that consumption of red meat may increase the risk of ischemic stroke. No association between dietary protein intake and silent cerebral infarcts was found.
Source: Stroke - November 23, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Haring, B., Misialek, J. R., Rebholz, C. M., Petruski-Ivleva, N., Gottesman, R. F., Mosley, T. H., Alonso, A. Tags: Epidemiology, Computerized Tomography (CT), Ischemic Stroke Clinical Sciences Source Type: research

Rates and Determinants of 5-Year Outcomes After Atrial Fibrillation-Related Stroke: A Population Study Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— AF-stroke is associated with considerable long-term morbidity, fatality, stroke recurrence, and nursing home requirement. Adequately resourced national AF strategies to improve AF detection and prevention are needed.
Source: Stroke - November 23, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Hayden, D. T., Hannon, N., Callaly, E., Ni Chroinin, D., Horgan, G., Kyne, L., Duggan, J., Dolan, E., O'Rourke, K., Williams, D., Murphy, S., Kelly, P. J. Tags: Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke Clinical Sciences Source Type: research

Electrocardiographic Left Atrial Abnormality and Risk of Stroke: Northern Manhattan Study Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— ECG-defined left atrial abnormality was associated with incident cryptogenic or cardioembolic stroke independently of the presence of AF, suggesting atrial thromboembolism may occur without recognized AF.
Source: Stroke - October 26, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Kamel, H., Hunter, M., Moon, Y. P., Yaghi, S., Cheung, K., Di Tullio, M. R., Okin, P. M., Sacco, R. L., Soliman, E. Z., Elkind, M. S. V. Tags: Electrocardiology, Echocardiography, Arrhythmias, clinical electrophysiology, drugs, Embolic stroke, Risk Factors for Stroke Clinical Sciences Source Type: research

Prevalence of Stroke and Its Risk Factors in Urban Sri Lanka: Population-Based Study Brief Reports
Conclusions— Age-adjusted stroke prevalence in urban Sri Lanka lies between high-income and low-/middle-income countries. The prevalence of stroke and its risk factors were higher among men.
Source: Stroke - September 28, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Chang, T., Gajasinghe, S., Arambepola, C. Tags: Cerebrovascular disease/stroke, Acute Cerebral Hemorrhage, Acute Cerebral Infarction Brief Reports Source Type: research

Patients With Ischemic Stroke and Incident Atrial Fibrillation: A Nationwide Cohort Study Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— Ischemic stroke was associated with a substantially increased risk of incident AF, particularly among individuals with higher CHADS2 or CHA2DS2-VASc scores. These risk scores seem to be simple tools for identifying patients at higher risk of incident AF after ischemic stroke.
Source: Stroke - August 24, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Fauchier, L., Clementy, N., Pelade, C., Collignon, C., Nicolle, E., Lip, G. Y. H. Tags: Arrhythmias, clinical electrophysiology, drugs, Embolic stroke Clinical Sciences Source Type: research

Risk Factors of Ischemic Stroke and Subsequent Outcome in Patients Receiving Hemodialysis Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— Incidence of stroke is high in patients with ESRD on hemodialysis with high case-fatality. Incident hemodialysis patients had the highest stroke incidence. Many, but not all, important risk factors commonly associated with stroke in the general population were not associated with stroke in patients receiving hemodialysis.
Source: Stroke - August 24, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Findlay, M. D., Thomson, P. C., Fulton, R. L., Solbu, M. D., Jardine, A. G., Patel, R. K., Stevens, K. K., Geddes, C. C., Dawson, J., Mark, P. B. Tags: Cerebrovascular disease/stroke, Risk Factors for Stroke, Epidemiology Clinical Sciences Source Type: research

Neurorestorative Therapy of Stroke in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Rats Treated With Human Umbilical Cord Blood Cells Basic Sciences
Conclusions— HUCBC treatment initiated 3 days after stroke significantly increased white matter and vascular remodeling in the ischemic brain as well as decreased neuroinflammatory factor expression in the ischemic brain in T2DM rats and promoted M2 macrophage polarization. HUCBC reduction of neuroinflammation and increased vascular and white matter axonal remodeling may contribute to the HUCBC-induced beneficial effects in T2DM stroke rats.
Source: Stroke - August 24, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Yan, T., Venkat, P., Chopp, M., Zacharek, A., Ning, R., Cui, Y., Roberts, C., Kuzmin-Nichols, N., Sanberg, C. D., Chen, J. Tags: Type 2 diabetes, Other Treatment, Other Stroke Treatment - Medical Basic Sciences Source Type: research

Synergistic Effects of Transplanted Endothelial Progenitor Cells and RWJ 67657 in Diabetic Ischemic Stroke Models Basic Sciences
Conclusions— The combination of EPC transplantation and RWJ administration accelerated recovery from diabetic stroke, which might have been caused by increased levels of proangiogenic and neurotrophic factors.
Source: Stroke - June 22, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Bai, Y.-Y., Wang, L., Chang, D., Zhao, Z., Lu, C.-Q., Wang, G., Ju, S. Tags: Type 2 diabetes, Other Stroke Treatment - Medical Basic Sciences Source Type: research

Obesity Increases Risk of Ischemic Stroke in Young Adults Brief Reports
Conclusions— These results indicate that obesity is a risk factor for young onset ischemic stroke and suggest that this association may be partially mediated through hypertension, diabetes mellitus, or other variables associated with these conditions.
Source: Stroke - May 22, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Mitchell, A. B., Cole, J. W., McArdle, P. F., Cheng, Y.-C., Ryan, K. A., Sparks, M. J., Mitchell, B. D., Kittner, S. J. Tags: Risk Factors for Stroke Brief Reports Source Type: research

Premature Ventricular Complexes on Screening Electrocardiogram and Risk of Ischemic Stroke Brief Reports
Conclusions— PVCs are common on routine screening ECGs and are associated with an increased risk of ischemic stroke.
Source: Stroke - April 27, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Agarwal, S. K., Chao, J., Peace, F., Judd, S. E., Kissela, B., Kleindorfer, D., Howard, V. J., Howard, G., Soliman, E. Z. Tags: Electrocardiology, Embolic stroke, Epidemiology Brief Reports Source Type: research

Type of Anesthesia and Differences in Clinical Outcome After Intra-Arterial Treatment for Ischemic Stroke Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— Our study suggests that patients with AIS of the anterior circulation undergoing IAT without GA have a higher probability of good clinical outcome compared with patients treated with general anesthesia.
Source: Stroke - April 27, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: van den Berg, L. A., Koelman, D. L. H., Berkhemer, O. A., Rozeman, A. D., Fransen, P. S. S., Beumer, D., Dippel, D. W., van der Lugt, A., van Oostenbrugge, R. J., van Zwam, W. H., Brouwer, P. A., Jenniskens, S., Boiten, J., Lycklama a Nijeholt, G. A., Vos Tags: Acute Cerebral Infarction, Emergency treatment of Stroke Clinical Sciences Source Type: research

Alcohol Consumption at Midlife and Risk of Stroke During 43 Years of Follow-Up: Cohort and Twin Analyses Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— Stroke-risk associated with heavy drinking (>2 drinks/d) in midlife seems to predominate over well-known risk factors, hypertension and diabetes, until the age of 75 years and may shorten time to stroke by 5 years above and beyond covariates and genetic/early-life factors. Alcohol consumption should be considered an age-varying risk factor for stroke.
Source: Stroke - February 23, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Kadlecova, P., Andel, R., Mikulik, R., Handing, E. P., Pedersen, N. L. Tags: Cerebrovascular disease/stroke, Risk Factors Clinical Sciences Source Type: research

Alteplase for Acute Ischemic Stroke: Outcomes by Clinically Important Subgroups in the Third International Stroke Trial Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— Among the types of patient in the Third International Stroke Trial, this secondary analysis did not identify any subgroups for whom treatment should be avoided. Given the limitations of the analysis, we found no clear evidence to avoid treatment in patients with prior ischemic stroke, diabetes mellitus, or hypertension. Clinical Trial Registration— URL: http://www.controlled-trials.com. Unique identifier: ISRCTN25765518. http://www.controlled-trials.com/ISRCTN25765518.
Source: Stroke - February 23, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Lindley, R. I., Wardlaw, J. M., Whiteley, W. N., Cohen, G., Blackwell, L., Murray, G. D., Sandercock, P. A. G., on behalf of the IST-3 Collaborative Group, Trial Steering Committee, Baigent, Chadwick, Tyrrell, Lowe, Dennis, Innes, Goodare, CT and MR readi Tags: Acute Cerebral Infarction, Emergency treatment of Stroke, Thrombolysis Clinical Sciences Source Type: research

Body Mass Index and Stroke Risk Among Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— The present study demonstrates an inverse association between BMI and stroke risk among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Source: Stroke - December 22, 2014 Category: Neurology Authors: Li, W., Katzmarzyk, P. T., Horswell, R., Zhang, Y., Zhao, W., Wang, Y., Johnson, J., Hu, G. Tags: Obesity, Type 2 diabetes, Risk Factors for Stroke, Epidemiology Clinical Sciences Source Type: research