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Total 4236 results found since Jan 2013.

Effect of oral anticoagulation on clinical outcomes and haemodynamic variables after successful transcatheter aortic valve implantation.
CONCLUSIONS: Baseline characteristics, rather than oral anticoagulation prescription at discharge, were associated with adverse outcomes following successful transcatheter aortic valve implantation. Conversely, oral anticoagulation was associated with reduced valvular haemodynamic deterioration. PMID: 32115397 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases - February 27, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Guedeney P, Huchet F, Manigold T, Overtchouk P, Rouanet S, Balagny P, Leprince P, Lebreton G, Letocart V, Barthelemy O, Vicaut E, Montalescot G, Guerin P, Collet JP, ACTION Study Group Tags: Arch Cardiovasc Dis Source Type: research

Safety and Pharmacokinetics of DS-1040 Drug-Drug Interactions With Aspirin, Clopidogrel, and Enoxaparin.
Abstract DS-1040, a novel low-molecular-weight inhibitor of activated thrombin-activatable fibrinolysis inhibitor, is under development for the treatment of thromboembolic diseases including venous thromboembolism and acute ischemic stroke. Here we describe the results of 3 studies that evaluated the safety and tolerability of DS-1040 along with the effect on DS-1040 pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters, when dosed alone or when coadministered with aspirin (NCT02071004), clopidogrel (NCT02560688), or enoxaparin in healthy subjects. Concomitant administration of single-dose DS-1040 with multiple-dose aspirin, multiple-d...
Source: The Journal of Clinical Pharmacology - February 27, 2020 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Limsakun T, Dishy V, Mendell J, Pizzagalli F, Pav J, Kochan J, Vandell AG, Rambaran C, Kobayashi F, Orihashi Y, Warren V, McPhillips P, Zhou J Tags: J Clin Pharmacol Source Type: research

Nasal colonization with Staphylococcus aureus is a risk factor for ventricular assist device infection in the first year after implantation: a prospective, single-centre, cohort study
The prevalence of heart failure is rising1, 2 thus constantly widening the gap between donor hearts and patients listed for transplantation3. For an increasing number of patients with advanced heart failure, durable ventricular assist devices (VAD) prolong survival and improve quality of life4 by serving as bridge to transplant, or, for those not eligible for heart transplantation, as destination therapy, i.e. as a life-long support4, 5. Their long-term use, however, is hampered by stroke, bleeding, and infection.
Source: Journal of Infection - February 26, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Dennis Nurjadi, Katharina Last, Sabrina Klein, S ébastien Boutin, Bastian Schmack, Florian Mueller, Klaus Heeg, Arjang Ruhparwar, Alexandra Heininger, Philipp Zanger Source Type: research

Outcomes of Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement in Patients with Bicuspid Aortic Valve Disease: A Report from the Society of Thoracic Surgeons/American College of Cardiology Transcatheter Valve Therapy Registry.
Conclusions: Using current generation devices, procedural, post-procedural, and 1-year outcomes were comparable following TAVR for bicuspid AV vs. tricuspid AV disease. With newer generation devices, TAVR is a viable treatment option for bicuspid AV patients. PMID: 32098500 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Circulation - February 26, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Halim SA, Edwards FH, Dai D, Li Z, Mack MJ, Holmes DR, Tuzcu EM, Thourani VH, Harrison JK, Brennan JM Tags: Circulation Source Type: research

Outcome of mechanical circulatory support at the University Medical Centre Utrecht.
CONCLUSION: Not only short-term results but also 5‑year survival after cf-LVAD support demonstrate that MCS is a promising therapy as an extended bridge to heart transplantation. However, the incidence of several major complications still has to be addressed. PMID: 32096095 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Netherlands Heart Journal - February 24, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Felix SEA, Ramjankhan FZ, Buijsrogge MP, Jacob KA, Asselbergs FW, Oerlemans MIF, Kirkels JH, van Laake LW, Oppelaar AMC, Suyker WJL, de Jonge N Tags: Neth Heart J Source Type: research

Secondary analysis confirms safety of blood thinning agent
(American Heart Association) The blood thinner apixaban, which treats and prevents blood clots in some people with irregular heart rhythm, is safe and effective in stroke patients. Apixaban is associated with less bleeding, death and hospitalization than warfarin.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - February 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Details on the effect of very short dual antiplatelet therapy after drug-eluting stent implantation in patients with high bleeding risk: insight from the STOPDAPT-2 trial
In conclusion, the effects of 1-month DAPT for the primary and major secondary endpoints were consistent in HBR and non-HBR patients without any significant interactions. The benefit of 1-month DAPT in reducing major bleeding was numerically greater in HBR patients.Clinical trial registration Short and optimal duration of dual antiplatelet therapy after everolimus-eluting cobalt –chromium stent-2 [STOPDAPT-2]; NCT02619760.
Source: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics - February 21, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Association of patient satisfaction with direct oral anticoagulants and the clinical outcomes: Findings from the SAKURA AF registry.
CONCLUSIONS: We found a strong association between a low benefit satisfaction and increased stroke risk. We should follow patients carefully to educate them on treatment importance for patients unsatisfied with the benefits of DOACs for stroke prevention. PMID: 32089481 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Cardiology - February 20, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Hori K, Okumura Y, Koichi N, Yokoyama K, Matsumoto N, Tachibana E, Kuronuma K, Oiwa K, Matsumoto M, Kojima T, Arima K, Kotani T, Nomoto K, Ohkubo K, Fukushima S, Onikura M, Suzuki Y, Fujita M, Ando H, Ishikawa N, Hirayama A, SAKURA AF Registry Investigato Tags: J Cardiol Source Type: research

Oral Anticoagulants and Antiplatelet Agents in Atrial Fibrillation Patients with Concomitant Critical Limb Ischemia: A nationwide cohort study
ConclusionsDOAC was associated with a significantly lower risk of composite net-clinical-benefit outcome than either warfarin or APT in AF patients with concomitant CLI. Further prospective study is necessary to validate the findings in the future.
Source: Canadian Journal of Cardiology - February 19, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Late Clinical Outcomes of LAmbre versus Amplatzer Occluders for Left Atrial Appendage Closure
ConclusionIn the presented report, in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation the LAmbre offered similar long ‐term efficacy and safety in comparison to Amplatzer devices.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology - February 19, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Steffen Schnupp, Xiao ‐xia Liu, Eric Buffle, Steffen Gloekler, Yamen Mohrez, Mohammad Cheikh‐Ibrahim, Wasim Allakkis, Johannes Brachmann, Jai‐Wun Park, Caroline Kleinecke Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Impact of Atrial Fibrillation on In-Hospital Mortality and Thromboembolic Complications after Left Ventricular Assist Device Implantation
AbstractThe association between atrial fibrillation (AF) and thromboembolic (TE) complications in left ventricular assist device (LVAD) recipients is controversial, and there is paucity of large-scale data evaluating the impact of AF on early outcomes after device implantation. Using the National Inpatient Sample, we identified hospitalizations where patients underwent LVAD implantation from 2010 to 2015. Multivariate logistic regression was used to evaluate the association of AF on in-hospital outcomes. A total of 18,378 patients (41.7% with AF) underwent LVAD implantation. Patients with AF were older (59.9 vs. 54.0  yea...
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Translational Research - February 19, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Rhythm versus rate control strategies regarding anticoagulant use in elderly non-valvular atrial fibrillation patients: Subanalysis of the ANAFIE (All Nippon AF In the Elderly) Registry.
CONCLUSIONS: Use versus non-use and antiarrhythmic therapy varied significantly by age, stroke risk scores, type of AF, and DOAC use between subgroups. PMID: 32081607 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Cardiology - February 18, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Yuzawa H, Inoue H, Yamashita T, Akao M, Atarashi H, Koretsune Y, Okumura K, Shimizu W, Tsutsui H, Toyoda K, Hirayama A, Yasaka M, Yamaguchi T, Teramukai S, Kimura T, Kaburagi J, Takita A, Ikeda T Tags: J Cardiol Source Type: research

Limited versus extended repair for acute type A aortic dissection: long-term outcomes of the Beijing approach beyond 10 years.
CONCLUSIONS: In this large series of ATAAD, the FET + TAR technique has achieved satisfactory early and long-term survival and freedom from reoperation up to 15 years. Marfan syndrome and malperfusion syndrome were risk factors for early and late mortality and distal reoperation. This study adds long-term evidence supporting the use of the FET + TAR technique in patients with ATAAD involving the arch and descending aorta. PMID: 32077675 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery - February 18, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Ma WG, Chen Y, Zhang W, Li Q, Li JR, Zheng J, Liu YM, Zhu JM, Sun LZ Tags: J Cardiovasc Surg (Torino) Source Type: research

Antithrombotic treatment in patients with atrial fibrillation undergoing coronary angioplasty: rational convincement and supporting evidence.
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that DT is safer than TT with regard to occurrence of major bleeding. DT with a direct oral anticoagulant plus clopidogrel at discharge could be effective in most patients, maintaining aspirin in periprocedural phase and as longer "tailored" treatment for patients at higher ischemic risk. PMID: 32063489 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: European Journal of Internal Medicine - February 13, 2020 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Ricottini E, Nenna A, Melfi R, Giannone S, Lusini M, Sciascio GD, Chello M, Ussia GP, Grigioni F Tags: Eur J Intern Med Source Type: research

Drain placement confers no benefit after carotid endarterectomy in the Vascular Quality Initiative
Whereas bleeding complications requiring a return to the operating room (OR) after carotid endarterectomy (CEA) are infrequent (1%), they are associated with an increased 30-day combined postoperative stroke or death rate. Drain placement after CEA varies among vascular surgeons, and there are limited data to support the practice. The goal of this study was to evaluate factors leading to drain placement and the effect of drains on postoperative outcomes including return to OR for bleeding, stroke, and death.
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - February 12, 2020 Category: Surgery Authors: Christopher J. Smolock, Katherine L. Morrow, Jeanwan Kang, Rebecca L. Kelso, James F. Bena, Daniel G. Clair Source Type: research

Race/Ethnicity and Sex-Related Differences in Direct Oral Anticoagulant Initiation in Newly Diagnosed Atrial Fibrillation: A Retrospective Study of Medicare Data.
CONCLUSION: In a national cohort of Medicare beneficiaries with newly-diagnosed AF, overall oral anticoagulant initiation was lower in blacks and women, with no difference observed by Hispanic ethnicity. Among oral anticoagulant initiators, blacks were less likely to initiate novel DOACs, with no differences identified by Hispanic ethnicity or sex. Identifying modifiable causes of treatment disparities is needed to improve quality of care for all patients with AF. PMID: 32035755 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of the National Medical Association - February 11, 2020 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Natl Med Assoc Source Type: research

Accelerated surgery versus standard care in hip fracture (HIP ATTACK): an international, randomised, controlled trial
This study is registered at ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT02027896).FindingsBetween March 14, 2014, and May 24, 2019, 27 701 patients were screened, of whom 7780 were eligible. 2970 of these were enrolled and randomly assigned to receive accelerated surgery (n=1487) or standard care (n=1483). The median time from hip fracture diagnosis to surgery was 6 h (IQR 4–9) in the accelerated-surgery group and 24 h (10–42) in the standard-care group (p<0·0001). 140 (9%) patients assigned to accelerated surgery and 154 (10%) assigned to standard care died, with a hazard ratio (HR) of 0·91 (95% CI 0·72 to 1·14) and absolute ris...
Source: The Lancet - February 11, 2020 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Evaluation of the Safety and Effectiveness of Direct-Acting Oral Anticoagulants in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation and Coexisting Valvular Heart Disease
ConclusionsIn patients with AF and VHD, rates of major bleeding were similar among the DOACs and valve types; however, more patients receiving dabigatran experienced SSE. Further studies are needed to validate these findings.
Source: American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs - February 11, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Impact of creatinine clearance on clinical outcomes in elderly atrial fibrillation patients receiving apixaban: J-ELD AF registry sub-analysis
ConclusionsThe incidence of events in each CCr value group was comparable for stroke or systemic embolism and bleeding requiring hospitalization, and significantly higher for total deaths and cardiovascular deaths only in the CCr 15–29 mL/min group, in Japanese non-valvular AF patients aged ≥75 years.
Source: American Heart Journal - February 9, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation after Heart Transplantation: Impact of Type of Cannulation
Conclusions In patients supported for PGD, peripheral and central cannulation strategies are safe and feasible for prolonged venoarterial ECMO support. There was no increase in bleeding after central implantation. With regard to the potential complications of a pECMO, we think that aortic cannulation with tunneling of the cannula and closure of the chest could be a good option in patients with PGD after htx. [...] Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New YorkArticle in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text
Source: The Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon - February 8, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Mehdiani, Arash Immohr, Moritz Benjamin Boettger, Charlotte Dalyanoglu, Hannan Scheiber, Daniel Westenfeld, Ralf Aubin, Hug Akhyari, Payam Saeed, Diyar Lichtenberg, Artur Boeken, Udo Tags: Original Cardiovascular Source Type: research

Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation after Heart Transplantation: Impact of Type of Cannulation.
CONCLUSIONS:  In patients supported for PGD, peripheral and central cannulation strategies are safe and feasible for prolonged venoarterial ECMO support. There was no increase in bleeding after central implantation. With regard to the potential complications of a pECMO, we think that aortic cannulation with tunneling of the cannula and closure of the chest could be a good option in patients with PGD after htx. PMID: 32035427 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon - February 8, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Mehdiani A, Immohr MB, Boettger C, Dalyanoglu H, Scheiber D, Westenfeld R, Aubin H, Akhyari P, Saeed D, Lichtenberg A, Boeken U Tags: Thorac Cardiovasc Surg Source Type: research

Status, Indications, and Use of Cardiac Replacement Therapy in the Era of Multimodal Mechanical Approaches to Circulatory Support: A Scoping Review
In conclusion, the Syncardia temporary TAH is a reasonable bridge-to-transplant option for selected patients with either biventricular failure or special anatomic conditions.RésuméLes auteurs décrivent l’utilisation, les indications et les résultats actuels du cœur artificiel total (CAT) temporaire Syncardia (Syncardia Systems, Tucson, AZ, États-Unis), le seul CAT actuellement approuvé comme stratégie de transition vers une transplantation au Canada, aux États-Unis et en Europe. Implanté chez plus de 1 700 patients dans le monde, le CAT temporaire Syncardia est la pompe la plus utilisée. À l’échelle mondia...
Source: Canadian Journal of Cardiology - February 7, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Medical Management of Left Ventricular Assist Device Patients: A Practical Guide for the Nonexpert Clinician
This article provides a concise overview of the medical management of LVAD patients for nonexpert clinicians. Our presentation includes the basics of LVAD physiology, design, and operation, patient selection and assessment, medical management, adverse event identification and management, multidisciplinary care, and management of special circumstances, such as noncardiac surgery, cardiac arrest, and end-of-life care. The clinical examination of LVAD patients is unique in terms of blood pressure and heart rate assessment, LVAD “hum” auscultation, driveline and insertion site inspection, and device parameter recording. Im...
Source: Canadian Journal of Cardiology - February 7, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Pattern and Impact of Off-label Underdosing of Non-Vitamin K Antagonist Oral Anticoagulants in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation Who Are Indicated for Standard Dosing
With safety concerns about increasing bleeding, off-label underdosing of non-vitamin K antagonist anticoagulants (NOACs) is common in East Asian patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). We tried to investigate the pattern of NOAC underdosing and associated clinical outcomes in patients with AF who are indicated for standard dosing. Using the Korean National Health Insurance Service database, we evaluated 16568 patients with a new prescription of NOAC who are indicated for standard NOAC dosing and compared 4536 patients with warfarin with respect to thromboembolic events (ischemic stroke or systemic embolization), all-cause ...
Source: The American Journal of Cardiology - February 7, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Min Soo Cho, Ji Eun Yun, Ji Jeong Park, Yun Jung Kim, Jessie Lee, Hyungmin Kim, Duk-Woo Park, Gi-Byoung Nam Source Type: research

HVAD Cannula Position and Hemocompatibility-related Adverse Events
ConclusionsHVAD cannula coronal angle was associated with reduced right ventricular function and HRAE. Prospective studies evaluating surgical techniques to ensure optimal device positioning and its effects on HRAEs are warranted.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - February 6, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Reasons for discontinuation of novel oral anticoagulant therapy in patients with atrial fibrillation.
Conclusion: DOAC discontinuation rates varied significantly and appeared related to drug-specific side effects, patient-initiated discontinuation, and bleeding. We observed longer-term administration of apixaban, suggesting that this drug is better tolerated than dabigatran or rivaroxaban. PMID: 32011180 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Current Medical Research and Opinion - February 5, 2020 Category: Research Tags: Curr Med Res Opin Source Type: research

HVAD Cannula Position and Hemocompatibility-related Adverse Events.
CONCLUSIONS: HVAD cannula coronal angle was associated with reduced right ventricular function and HRAE. Prospective studies evaluating surgical techniques to ensure optimal device positioning and its effects on HRAEs are warranted. PMID: 32035046 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - February 5, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Imamura T, Narang N, Nitta D, Fujino T, Nguyen A, Chung B, Holzhauser L, Kim G, Raikhelkar J, Kalantari S, Smith B, Juricek C, Rodgers D, Ota T, Song T, Jeevanandam V, Sayer G, Uriel N Tags: Ann Thorac Surg Source Type: research

Direct Oral Anticoagulants in Atrial Fibrillation Patients with Concomitant Hyperthyroidism.
CONCLUSION: Among NVAF Asian patients with concomitant hyperthyroidism, DOACs may be an effective and safer alternative to warfarin. Thromboprophylaxis with DOACs may be considered for such patients, and it is important to validate this finding in further prospective study. PMID: 32009154 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism - February 3, 2020 Category: Endocrinology Authors: Chan YH, Wu LS, See LC, Liu JR, Chang SH, Chao TF, Yeh YH, Kuo CT, Lee HF, Lip GYH Tags: J Clin Endocrinol Metab Source Type: research

Left atrial appendage closure after cryoballoon ablation in patients with atrial fibrillation.
CONCLUSION: The intraprocedural combination of CBA and LAAC is feasible in patients with non-valvular AF with a high risk of stroke, TIA, and/or bleeding. Larger long-term randomized studies are needed to judge the overall safety and efficacy of the combined procedure. PMID: 32002565 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Herz - February 1, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Herz Source Type: research

The Hospital Zambrano Hellion venous thromboembolism rapid response team (PREVENTION-team): Improving pulmonary embolism and deep venous thrombosis patient care.
Abstract Background: Fast-track worldwide reperfusion programs improve outcomes in ST-elevation myocardial infarction and stroke. Similar programs called Program Evaluation and Review Technique (PERT) focus on submassive and massive pulmonary embolism (PE) excluding deep venous thrombosis (DVT). Methods: PREVENTION-team (Hospital Zambrano Hellion Venous Thromboembolism [VTE] Rapid Response). Primary objective: Fast-track stratification, diagnostics, and treatment (60-90 min) to improve proximal DVT and submassive and massive PE patients care. Secondary objectives: Increase diagnosis rate of low-risk...
Source: Archivos de Cardiologia de Mexico - February 1, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Toro-Mijares RD, Jerjes-Sánchez C, Rodríguez D, Panneflek J, Vázquez-Guajardo M, Fabiani MA, Quintanilla J, Manautou L, Peña-Almaguer E, Cadena A, Cassagne G, Torre-Amione G Tags: Arch Cardiol Mex Source Type: research

Two year adverse outcomes of the magnetic levitated centrifugal continuous flow circulatory pump versus the axial continuous-flow pump for advanced heart failure: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
Conclusions: At a follow-up time period of 2 years, pump replacement was significantly higher with the axial continuous-flow pump in comparison to the magnetic levitated centrifugal continuous flow circulatory pump. However, no significant difference was observed with the other adverse outcomes.
Source: Medicine - February 1, 2020 Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Source Type: research

r-tPA with loading dose of clopidogrel and aspirin therapies for capsular warning syndrome attributed to middle cerebral artery atherosclerotic stenosis: A CARE-compliant case report
Rationale: The capsular warning syndrome (CWS) is a rare and special type of transient ischemic attacks (TIAs) syndrome. The pathophysiology of CWS is very complicate, and intracranial atherosclerotic stenosis (ICAS) is rare cause. Moreover, the effective and standard therapy has not yet been established. Patient concerns: A 47-year-old man experienced repeated and exacerbated TIAs of right hemiparesis and dysarthria. Fourteen hours after the first episode of TIAs, he developed more severe right hemiparesis and dysarthria, the National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score was 12 points, and did not recover i...
Source: Medicine - February 1, 2020 Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research

Efficacy and Safety of Potent Oral P2Y 12 Inhibitors in Medically Managed ACS Patients: a Meta-analysis
ConclusionPotent oral P2Y12 inhibitors, especially ticagrelor, decrease the risk of ischemic events in MMACS patients as compared with clopidogrel, without significantly increasing major bleeding.
Source: Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy - February 1, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Current Anticoagulant Usage Patterns and Determinants in Korean Patients with Nonvalvular Atrial Fibrillation.
CONCLUSION: Renal disease and history of valvular heart disease were associated with warfarin use, while cancer and smoking status were associated with direct OAC use in high stroke risk patients. The combination of antiplatelet agents with OAC was prescribed in 73.6% of patients without definite indications recommended by guidelines. PMID: 31997620 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Yonsei Medical Journal - January 31, 2020 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Ha HS, Kim J, Lee YS, Kim TH, Lee JM, Park J, Park JK, Kang KW, Shim J, Uhm JS, Park HW, Cha MJ, Choi EK, Kim J, Kim JB, Kim C, Joung B Tags: Yonsei Med J Source Type: research

Persistence, effectiveness and safety of dabigatran in “real-world” Chinese patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation
In conclusion, it is of importance for Chinese clinicians to know about these information because dabigatran is a relatively new drug in China. Compared with other reported data, patients of this study have (1) lower dabigatran persistence and lower incident rates of all-cause death, systemic embolism, minor bleeding events and gastrointestinal hemorrhage and (2) higher incident rates of ischemic stroke and intracranial hemorrhage.
Source: Heart and Vessels - January 31, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Oral Anticoagulation in the Elderly and Frail.
In conclusion, elderly and frail patients requiring anticoagulation for AF or VTE are at higher risk of adverse outcomes, but also have a higher absolute benefit from OAC. Important practical aspects to improve efficacy and safety in this challenging population are summarized in this overview. PMID: 32000266 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Hamostaseologie - January 30, 2020 Category: Hematology Authors: Bauersachs RM, Herold J Tags: Hamostaseologie Source Type: research

Long-Term Safety and Efficacy of Durable Polymer Cobalt-Chromium Everolimus-Eluting Stents in Patients at High Bleeding Risk: A Patient-Level Stratified Analysis from Four Post-Approval Studies.
Conclusions: Compared to the non-HBR population, HBR patients experienced worse 4-year outcomes after PCI with CoCr everolimus-eluting stent. Both CTE and MB had a significant impact on subsequent risk of mortality irrespective of bleeding risk. PMID: 31992063 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Circulation - January 29, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Sorrentino S, Claessen BE, Chandiramani R, Guedeney P, Vogel B, Baber U, Rau V, Wang J, Krucoff M, Kozuma K, Ge J, Seth A, Makkar R, Liu Y, Bangalore S, Bhatt DL, Angiolillo DJ, Saito S, Neumann FJ, Hermiller J, Valgimigli M, Mehran R Tags: Circulation Source Type: research

Long-Term Follow-Up of Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation With Portico Versus Evolut Devices
New-generation devices such as Evolut and Portico have provided favorable results in patients who underwent transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) for aortic stenosis, but their comparative effectiveness remains debated, despite its relevance when envisioning TAVI in low-risk patients. We evaluated the safety and efficacy of 2 leading TAVI devices (Evolut and Portico) used by the same team of experienced TAVI operators, focusing on long-term outcomes, including major adverse events (i.e., the composite of death, stroke, myocardial infarction, major vascular complication, or major bleeding).
Source: The American Journal of Cardiology - January 29, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Nicola Corcione, Giuseppe Biondi-Zoccai, Paolo Ferraro, Alberto Morello, Sirio Conte, Michele Cimmino, Carlo Vigna, Giacomo Frati, Giovanni De Persio, Luca Altamura, Fabrizio Tomai, Andrea Berni, Mauro Cassese, Martino Pepe, Arturo Giordano Source Type: research

Long-term Follow-up of Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation with Portico vs. Evolut devices
New-generation devices such as Evolut and Portico have provided favorable results in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) for aortic stenosis, but their comparative effectiveness remains debated, despite its relevance when envisioning TAVI in low-risk patients. We evaluated the safety and efficacy of 2 leading TAVI devices (Evolut and Portico) used by the same team of experienced TAVI operators, focusing long-term outcomes, including the major adverse events (i.e. the composite of death, stroke, myocardial infarction, major vascular complication or major bleeding).
Source: The American Journal of Cardiology - January 29, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Nicola Corcione, Giuseppe Biondi-Zoccai, Paolo Ferraro, Alberto Morello, Sirio Conte, Michele Cimmino, Carlo Vigna, Giacomo Frati, Giovanni De Persio, Luca Altamura, Fabrizio Tomai, Andrea Berni, Mauro Cassese, Martino Pepe, Arturo Giordano Source Type: research

Short- and long-term outcomes in dialysis patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation: a systematic review and meta-analysis
ConclusionDialysis patients had significantly higher rates of short- and long-term mortality, short-term life threatening and/or major bleeding, permanent pacemaker implantation, and device failure compared to non-dialysis patients. Careful patient selection who would benefit from TAVI in patients with ESRD requiring dialysis, is necessary to prevent high-rates of post-procedural complications.
Source: Canadian Journal of Cardiology - January 25, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Secondary prevention of acute coronary syndrome with antiplatelet agents in real life: a high-dimensional propensity score matched cohort study in the French National claims database
This study was done in a newly available large-scale claims database, which may differ from other population databases, by it size and exhaustiveness•The methods elaborate on standard high-dimensional propensity scores as adapted to this claims databaseGraphical abstract
Source: MethodsX - January 24, 2020 Category: Science Source Type: research

Real-world analysis of a Biolimus A9 polymer-free drug-coated stent with very short dual antiplatelet therapy in patients at high bleeding risk.
CONCLUSION: In real-world patients at high risk of bleeding, implantation of the polymer-free metallic stent coated with Biolimus-A9 (Biofreedom®; Biosensors Europe, Morges, Switzerland) followed by 1 -month DAPT showed encouraging results without any stent thrombosis. PMID: 31965195 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Herz - January 24, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Herz Source Type: research

Valve-Sparing Root Replacement vs Composite Valve Grafting in Aortic Root Dilation: A Meta-Analysis
ConclusionsAortic valve sparing appears to be safe, and associated with reduced late mortality, thromboembolism/stroke and bleeding compared with composite valve grafting. Late durability is equivalent. Aortic valve sparing should be considered in patients with favorable aortic valve morphology.Graphical abstract
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - January 23, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Age-Related Differences in the Clinical Characteristics and Treatment of Elderly Patients With Atrial Fibrillation in Japan  - Insight From the ANAFIE (All Nippon AF In Elderly) Registry.
CONCLUSIONS: Permanent/persistent AF, comorbidities, and cardiovascular and bleeding risk all increased significantly with age. Furthermore, use of warfarin and apixaban increased with age, accompanied by a decrease in other oral anticoagulant usage. PMID: 31969518 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Circulation Journal - January 23, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Hiasa KI, Kaku H, Inoue H, Yamashita T, Akao M, Atarashi H, Koretsune Y, Okumura K, Shimizu W, Ikeda T, Toyoda K, Hirayama A, Yasaka M, Yamaguchi T, Teramukai S, Kimura T, Kaburagi J, Takita A, Tsutsui H Tags: Circ J Source Type: research

Minimally invasive multivessel coronary bypass surgery: Angiographic patency data
ConclusionsMIM CABG allows complete surgical revascularization with excellent clinical outcomes and promising angiographic graft patency rates.
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - January 23, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Mikhail A. Snegirev, Artem A. Paivin, Dmitrii O. Denisyuk, Olga A. Drozdova, Galina M. Mitusova, Lana B. Sichinava, Nikolai E. Khvan, Vladimir E. Sharafutdinov Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Rivaroxaban versus warfarin in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation and stage IV-V chronic kidney disease
ConclusionsNo statistically significant difference in the risk of ISSE or major bleeding was found between rivaroxaban- and warfarin-treated patients. While further study is needed, rivaroxaban appears to be a reasonable alternative to warfarin for ISSE prevention in the setting of NVAF and stage IV-V CKD.
Source: American Heart Journal - January 22, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Novel approaches to P2Y12 inhibition and aspirin dosing.
Authors: Parker WAE, Storey RF Abstract Aspirin and P2Y12 inhibitors remain commonly prescribed antiplatelet drugs in the treatment of atherothrombotic conditions. Despite established benefits of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) in the setting of acute coronary syndromes, there remains residual ischemic risk in this group and the problem of bleeding complications is an ongoing issue. DAPT with aspirin and ticagrelor has now been studied in other patient groups such as those with concurrent diabetes and stable coronary artery disease, and those undergoing elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Recent tri...
Source: Platelets - January 22, 2020 Category: Hematology Tags: Platelets Source Type: research

Valve-Sparing Root Replacement vs Composite Valve Grafting in Aortic Root Dilation: A Meta-Analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: Aortic valve sparing appears to be safe, and associated with reduced late mortality, thromboembolism/stroke and bleeding compared with composite valve grafting. Late durability is equivalent. Aortic valve sparing should be considered in patients with favorable aortic valve morphology. PMID: 31981499 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - January 22, 2020 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Elbatarny M, Tam DY, Edelman JJ, Rocha RV, Chu MWA, Peterson MD, El-Hamamsy I, Appoo JJ, Friedrich JO, Boodhwani M, Yanagawa B, Ouzounian M, Canadian Thoracic Aortic Collaborative (CTAC) Investigators Tags: Ann Thorac Surg Source Type: research

Readmissions after Acute Kidney Injury during Left Ventricular Assist Device Implantation Hospitalization.
CONCLUSION: AKI-D was associated with highest -30-day readmission risk, possibly related to negatively synergistic effects of LVAD, kidney dysfunction, and dialysis related factors on infection and GI bleeding risks. AKI alone was not associated with increased readmission risk. PMID: 31962311 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: American Journal of Nephrology - January 21, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Walther CP, Winkelmayer WC, Deswal A, Niu J, Navaneethan SD Tags: Am J Nephrol Source Type: research

Predicting Chronic Subdural Hematoma Recurrence and Stroke Outcomes While Withholding Antiplatelet and Anticoagulant Agents
Conclusion: ML modeling is feasible. However, large well-designed prospective multicenter studies are needed for accurate ML so that clinicians can balance the risks of recurrence with the risk of TEEs, especially for high-risk anticoagulated patients.
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - January 15, 2020 Category: Neurology Source Type: research