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Effects of exercise mode on improving cardiovascular function and cardiorespiratory fitness after bariatric surgery: A narrative review
Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 2022 Jan 14. doi: 10.1097/PHM.0000000000001946. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTObesity affects 600 million people globally and increases the risk of developing cardiovascular disease, stroke, diabetes, and cancer. Bariatric surgery is an increasingly popular therapeutic intervention for morbid obesity to induce rapid weight loss and reduce obesity-related comorbidities. However, some bariatric surgery patients, following what is considered a successful surgical procedure, continue to manifest obesity-related health issues, including weight gain, reduced physical function, persistent elevations in bloo...
Source: Health Physics - January 16, 2022 Category: Physics Authors: Abeer M Mahmoud Andr éa Lúcia Gonçalves da Silva Larissa Delgado Andr é Chueh-Lung Hwang Richard Severin Lisa Sanchez-Johnsen Audrey Borghi-Silva Ahmed Elokda Ross Arena Shane A Phillips Source Type: research
Why You Shouldn ’t Exercise to Lose Weight
Many of us are lacing up our sneakers and starting (or restarting) exercise regimens in hopes of shedding unwanted pounds. Unquestionably, aiming to be more active is a good thing. But if the main reason is to lose weight, your New Year’s resolution could very well backfire. For starters, exercise—at least the kind most of us do—is typically ineffective for weight loss. Take walking, for example. A 150-pound person who walks briskly for 30 minutes will burn, on average, around 140 calories. That’s equal to one can of soda—not exactly a great return on your investment of time and effort. It&rsq...
Source: TIME: Health - January 12, 2022 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Robert J. Davis Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
Development of a Mobile Application Platform for Self-Management of Obesity Using Artificial Intelligence Techniques
Int J Telemed Appl. 2021 Aug 27;2021:6624057. doi: 10.1155/2021/6624057. eCollection 2021.ABSTRACTObesity is a major global health challenge and a risk factor for the leading causes of death, including heart disease, stroke, diabetes, and several types of cancer. Attempts to manage and regulate obesity have led to the implementation of various dietary regulatory initiatives to provide information on the calorie contents of meals. Although knowledge of the calorie content is useful for meal planning, it is not sufficient as other factors, including health status (diabetes, hypertension, etc.) and level of physical activity,...
Source: International Journal of Telemedicine and Applications - September 6, 2021 Category: Information Technology Authors: Sylvester M Sefa-Yeboah Kwabena Osei Annor Valencia J Koomson Firibu K Saalia Matilda Steiner-Asiedu Godfrey A Mills Source Type: research
Association Between Weight Loss and Activities of Daily Living in Obese and Overweight Patients after Stroke: A Cross-Sectional Study
Obesity is an important issue in global health care. Between 1975 and 2016, the proportion of obese individuals in the world nearly tripled. In fact, 39% of adults aged 18 years and older were overweight in 2016 and 13% were obese, using the traditional definition of overweight and obesity, namely, a body mass index (BMI)> 25 kg/m2 and> 30 kg/m2, respectively.1 Obesity is associated with a significant increase in mortality2,3 and the risk of many disorders, including metabolic and cardiovascular disease,4 cancer,5 infection,6 and physical limitations,7 as well as increasing healthcare costs.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - August 19, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: Yoji Kokura, Shinta Nishioka Source Type: research
BMI and BMI change following incident type 2 diabetes and risk of microvascular and macrovascular complications: the EPIC-Potsdam study
Conclusions/interpretationAmong people with incident type 2 diabetes, pre-diagnosis BMI was positively associated with microvascular complications, while a reduced risk was observed with weight loss when compared with stable weight. The relationships with macrovascular disease were less clear.Graphical abstract
Source: Diabetologia - March 8, 2021 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Gender Differences in Factors Associated with Clinically Meaningful Weight Loss among Adults Who Were Overweight or Obese: A Population-Based Cohort Study
Conclusion: Age, BMI status, physical activity, smoking status, family income, and health status were independent factors in males and females for weight management. However, further well-designed prospective studies are warranted to confirm our findings.Obes Facts
Source: Obesity Facts - December 22, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Source Type: research
Balloons, Pills, Sleeves: Weight Loss Options Grow
Nearly 40% of U.S. adults are obese, putting them at a higher risk of earlier death, heart disease, stroke, some cancers, and gallbladder disease, among other problems.
Source: WebMD Health - June 5, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Osteoporosis and Sarcopenia Increase Frailty Syndrome in the Elderly
Conclusions World population is aging and the increase in life expectancy is often unhealthy. In particular, musculoskeletal aging, which leads to sarcopenia and osteoporosis, has several causes such as changes in body composition, inflammation, and hormonal imbalance. Sarcopenia, osteoporosis, and more frequently, sarcopenic obesity are commonly associated with aging and frequently closely linked each other, often leading to the development of a frailty syndrome. Frailty syndrome favors an increased risk of loss function in daily activities, for cardiovascular diseases, cancers, falls, and mortality. As the number of eld...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - April 23, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
10 Ways to Keep Your Heart Healthy
No one ever had fun visiting the cardiologist. Regardless of how good the doc might be, it’s always a little scary thinking about the health of something as fundamental as the heart. But there are ways to take greater control—to ensure that your own heart health is the best it can be—even if you have a family history of cardiovascular disease. Although 50% of cardiovascular-disease risk is genetic, the other 50% can be modified by how you live your life, according to Dr. Eugenia Gianos, director of Women’s Heart Health at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City. “This means you can greatly ...
Source: TIME: Health - October 17, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Lisa Lombardi and Jamie Ducharme Tags: Uncategorized Baby Boomer Health heart health Source Type: news
Mayo Clinic Researchers Find Some Bacteria Derail Weight Loss, Suggest Analysis of Individuals ’ Microbiomes; a Clinical Lab Test Could Help Millions Fight Obesity
CDC reports more than 93-million US adults are obese, and health issues related to obesity include heart disease, stroke, type 2 diabetes, and cancers In recent years, the role of the human microbiome in weight loss or weight gain has been studied by different research groups. There is keen interest in this subject because of […]
Source: Dark Daily - August 24, 2018 Category: Laboratory Medicine Authors: Jude Tags: Instruments & Equipment Laboratory Instruments & Laboratory Equipment Laboratory Management and Operations Laboratory News Laboratory Operations Laboratory Pathology Laboratory Testing anatomic pathology calories cancer carbohydrates Source Type: news
A nonrestrictive, weight loss diet focused on fiber and lean protein increase
According to the World Health Organization, more than 1.9 billion adults age ≥18 year were overweight and more than 600 million adults obese worldwide in 2014 . Excess weight significantly increases the risk for morbidity including hypertension, stroke, cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, osteoarthritis, and some types of cancers [2,3]. In the United States, obesit y remains a leading public health problem with 34.9% of adults and 16.9% of children who were obese between 2011 and 2012 .
Source: Nutrition - March 22, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Lijuan Zhang, Sherry Pagoto, Barbara Olendzki, Gioia Persuitte, Linda Churchill, Jessica Oleski, Yunsheng Ma Tags: Applied nutritional investigation Source Type: research
Weight Loss in Italy?
One of the women I work with wanted to know about the new diet drug called Belviq. The FDA is always approving a new “miracle” weight-loss pill, only to recall it a few years later. To date, at least 34 diet drugs have been taken off the market. Diet pills cause all kinds of problems — heart attack, stroke and psychiatric disorders. And Belviq isn’t any different. Some of its side effects include suicidal thoughts, a racing heartbeat, hallucinations and more… The European Union banned Belviq. The reason? It causes cancer in animals. And here’s the real irony… Clinical trials found ...
Source: Al Sears, MD Natural Remedies - October 19, 2017 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Cathy Card Tags: Anti-Aging Source Type: news
Adolescent bariatric surgery is on the Rise: An analysis of utilization and procedure trends in New York State
Obesity constitutes a major public health issue affecting an increasing number of families. In the United States the percentage of adolescents aged 12-19 years with obesity has reached an alarming level of 21%. Childhood obesity could lead to long term development of heart disease, type 2 diabetes, stroke, several types of cancer, and osteoarthritis. The bariatric surgical interventions have emerged as successful alternative to the behavioral and psychological interventions in weight loss for adolescents .
Source: Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases - October 1, 2017 Category: Surgery Authors: Shabana Humayon, Maria Altieri, Jie Yang, Kristie Price, Konstantinos Spaniolas, Aurora Pryor Tags: Bariatric Surgery in Adolescents Source Type: research
Association between Exposure to p,p ′-DDT and Its Metabolite p,p′-DDE with Obesity: Integrated Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Conclusions: We classified p,p′-DDT and p,p′-DDE as “presumed” to be obesogenic for humans, based on a moderate level of primary human evidence, a moderate level of primary in vivo evidence, and a moderate level of supporting evidence from in vivo and in vitro studies. https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP527 Received: 17 May 2016 Revised: 04 May 2017 Accepted: 09 May 2017 Published: 18 September 2017 Please address correspondence to M.A. La Merrill, Dept. of Environmental Toxicology, University of California, Davis, 1 Shields Ave., 4245 Meyer Hall, Davis, CA 95616-5270 USA. Telephone: (530) 754-7254. Email: mlamerrill...
Source: EHP Research - September 18, 2017 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Daniil Lyalko Tags: Review Source Type: research
HealthWatch: How Sweeteners And Sleep Influence Weight Gain
BOSTON (CBS) – A new report shows inadequate sleep could be making you fat. Researchers in the United Kingdom found that adults who slept an average of 6 hours a night weighed more and had a waist circumference about an inch larger than those getting 9 hours of sleep a night. They also had lower levels of HDL or “good” cholesterol. While most of us do not get 9 hours of sleep a night, we should all strive to get at least 7 to 8. That’s because there is growing evidence that chronic sleep deprivation can increase our risk of obesity and metabolic disorders like diabetes and high cholesterol, which can lead to...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - August 2, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Health – CBS Boston Tags: Health Local News artificial sweeteners Dr. Mallika Marshall Health Watch Weight Loss Source Type: news
Being overweight, not just obese, still carries serious health risks
Conclusion This impressively large global study demonstrates that the prevalence of obesity is increasing worldwide among both children and adults. It supports what has long been thought, that increased body mass index (BMI) contributes to a range of illnesses and is ultimately responsible for a large number of deaths, particularly from cardiovascular disease. One potential limitation is the use of self-reported BMI or health outcome data in some of the studies, although the majority used a specific independent measurement so this is unlikely to have biased results too much. It is also always difficult from observational d...
Source: NHS News Feed - June 13, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Obesity Source Type: news
Task-based weight management programme delivered in primary care promotes better long-term weight loss among women from lower socioeconomic groups than usual practice
Commentary on: McRobbie H, Hajek P, Peerbux S, et al.. Tackling obesity in areas of high social deprivation: clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a task-based weight management group programme—a randomised controlled trial and economic evaluation. Health Technol Assess 2016;20:1–150. Implications for practice and research The study is important in demonstrating that a task-based weight management programme can potentially be effective in reducing obesity among lower socioeconomic groups. The role of nurses in delivering such weight loss interventions should be evaluated. Context Obesity is recognise...
Source: Evidence-Based Nursing - March 22, 2017 Category: Nursing Authors: Bambra, C. Tags: Health promotion and public health Source Type: research
Regular activity may help some people stay 'fat and fit'
Conclusion As people often say, if exercise was a medicine, it would be hailed as a miracle cure. This study suggests that what we already know about the benefits of exercise may extend to reducing risk of cardiovascular disease for middle aged and older people, even if they are overweight or obese. But the study has some limitations. This type of study can't prove that one factor – exercise – is responsible for the lower risk of heart attack and stroke among overweight or obese people who exercise more. It's possible that other factors are important – for example people's income may be linked to their opportuniti...
Source: NHS News Feed - March 2, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Obesity Lifestyle/exercise Heart/lungs Source Type: news
Exercise 'most proven method' to prevent return of breast cancer
Conclusion This was a helpful summary of recent research into how lifestyle changes impact on the risk of breast cancer returning, but it does have some limitations. Researching lifestyle factors separately is always difficult as they tend to clump together, making it difficult to pick apart individual factors. For example, people who are more physically active tend to have a healthier diet and are less likely to drink excessive amounts of alcohol or smoke. While the researchers say many studies attempt to make adjustments for these confounding factors, it is difficult to know which studies did this and how successful they...
Source: NHS News Feed - February 22, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Cancer QA articles Lifestyle/exercise Source Type: news
Role of Endoscopic Gastroplasty Techniques in the Management of Obesity.
Authors: Jung Y Abstract Health and wellness represent a major global concern. Trends such as a lack of exercise and excessive consumption of calories are major causes of the rapid increase in obesity worldwide. Obesity should be controlled because it can result in other illnesses, such as diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, coronary artery disease, stroke, breathing disorders, or cancer. However, many people have difficulty in managing obesity through exercise, dietary control, behavioral modifications, and drug therapy. Bariatric surgery is not commonly used due to a variety of complications, even th...
Source: Clinical Endoscopy - February 5, 2017 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Clin Endosc Source Type: research
7 Tips To Lower Diabetes Risk in Menopause During the Holidays
By now, most people have been to a holiday party or two. Lots of food, lots of eggnog and other carb laden alcoholic beverages, and lots of grazing all day long on all the boxes of candy friends and business acquaintances sent to us. It's easy to gain the five pounds most people gain during the holidays, and in the process, raise your blood sugar or glucose levels too high. That's your body letting you know you have prediabetes (higher than normal but still below diabetes levels) or diabetes, and unless you take action soon, your body won't like it. Diabetes silently sneaks up on you and if untreated, slowly weakens your ...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - December 23, 2016 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Milk and dairy products: good or bad for human health? An assessment of the totality of scientific evidence.
CONCLUSION: The totality of available scientific evidence supports that intake of milk and dairy products contribute to meet nutrient recommendations, and may protect against the most prevalent chronic diseases, whereas very few adverse effects have been reported. PMID: 27882862 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - November 26, 2016 Category: Nutrition Authors: Thorning TK, Raben A, Tholstrup T, Soedamah-Muthu SS, Givens I, Astrup A Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research
Expensive New Diabetes Drugs Add Nothing But Cost And Complications
This is the fourth in an ongoing series of blogs exposing the rampant misuse of the medications so aggressively promoted by greedy drug companies. I am very lucky in having the perfect partner in this truth-vs-power effort to contradict Pharma propaganda with evidence based fact. Dick Bijl is President of the International Society of Drug Bulletins (ISDB), an impressive association of 53 national drug bulletins from all around the world, each of which publishes the best available data on the pluses and minuses of different medications. Drug bulletins help patients and doctors see through the misleading misinformation ge...
Source: Science - The Huffington Post - November 17, 2016 Category: Science Source Type: news
Impact of Intermittent Fasting on Health and Disease Processes.
Abstract Humans in modern societies typically consume food at least three times daily, while laboratory animals are fed ad libitum. Overconsumption of food with such eating patterns often leads to metabolic morbidities (insulin resistance, excessive accumulation of visceral fat, etc.), particularly when associated with a sedentary lifestyle. Because animals, including humans, evolved in environments where food was relatively scarce, they developed numerous adaptations that enabled them to function at a high level, both physically and cognitively, when in a food-deprived/fasted state. Intermittent fasting (IF) enco...
Source: Ageing Research Reviews - October 30, 2016 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Mattson MP, Longo VD, Harvie M Tags: Ageing Res Rev Source Type: research
Want Your Teen To Have A Healthy Weight? Science Says Shut Up
Experts agree that talking about the need to diet and lose weight is one of the most unhealthy, counterproductive things a parent can do for a teen who is struggling with weight issues. Now, new guidelines from the American Academy of Pediatrics formally endorse those findings. In order to prevent obesity and eating disorders, parents should focus less on diets and the scale and emphasize family togetherness and exercise for fitness, not weight loss. The AAP included both obesity and eating disorders in their recommendations because these often share unhealthy behaviors such as dieting, bingeing and having a diss...
Source: Science - The Huffington Post - August 23, 2016 Category: Science Source Type: news
Leading Health Mistakes Women Make In Their 30s
Credit For many women, turning 30 marks the real beginning of adulthood. You're established in a career, and maybe in a relationship. You might be thinking about starting a family. You feel pretty good about yourself, and all the health indiscretions of your 20s (remember those all-night parties and how you still managed to make it into work the next day?) haven't taken much of a health toll. But let's face it, ages 30 to 39 are prime time. All in all, the 30s are a very positive time for health, but it's also the time you have to start developing excellent habits as an investment in the future, says Dr. Debra DeJoseph,...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - August 17, 2016 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Phospholipase C-related catalytically inactive protein can regulate obesity, a state of peripheral inflammation
Publication date: Available online 27 June 2016 Source:Japanese Dental Science Review Author(s): Yosuke Yamawaki, Kana Oue, Satomi Shirawachi, Satoshi Asano, Kae Harada, Takashi Kanematsu Obesity is defined as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation. Chronic inflammation in fat influences the development of obesity-related diseases. Many reports state that obesity increases the risk of morbidity in many diseases, including hypertension, dyslipidemia, type 2 diabetes, coronary heart disease, stroke, sleep apnea, and breast, prostate and colon cancers, leading to increased mortality. Obesity is also associated with ch...
Source: Japanese Dental Science Review - July 27, 2016 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
Ask JJ: Type 2 Diabetes
Dear JJ: My doctor just diagnosed me with pre-diabetes. Type 2 diabetes runs in my family, but I will not accept it as my fate. You've written about sugar's detrimental impact, so how can I get this under control so it doesn't blow up into full-blown diabetes? Diabetes doesn't happen overnight or linearly, but when your metabolic machinery breaks, serious havoc ensues. The massive repercussions can become deadly. Every time you eat, you raise blood sugar, which triggers your pancreas to release a hormone called insulin. Every food raises blood sugar, but high-sugar impact foods do it big time. Your pancreas "secretes s...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - June 16, 2016 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Study Reveals That Eating 'In Moderation' Is A Fool's Errand
"Everything in moderation" is a common piece of healthy eating advice from slim and sexy celebs, dietitians and other lifestyle gurus. It's a call that's thousands of years old: The ancient Greek poet Hesiod wrote the phrase “moderation is best in all things” in his poem Work and Days, written around 700 BCE, and other philosophers and writers have echoed the maxim ever since. But just because it’s a saying that has persisted throughout history doesn’t mean it’s right, helpful or useful. While it sounds like wise advice for anyone who wants a low-key approach to healthy eating...
Source: Science - The Huffington Post - June 9, 2016 Category: Science Source Type: news
Pharmacologic Approaches to Weight Management: Recent Gains and Shortfalls in Combating Obesity
This article reviews recent literature in the field of Obesity Medicine and highlights important findings from clinical trials. Future directions in the pharmacologic management of obesity are presented along with new diabetes medications that promote weight loss and reduce cardiovascular mortality.
Source: Current Atherosclerosis Reports - May 14, 2016 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Obesity in the U.S. and Europe on the Rise: A Comparison
Levels of obesity in adults and children are rising worldwide. The World Health Organization calls the rising level "an epidemic" citing sugary drinks and processed foods as the main culprits, along with an urban sedentary lifestyle. A study published in The Lancet named "Global, regional, and national prevalence of overweight and obesity in children and adults during 1980-2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013" stated obesity issues "were estimated to have caused 3.4 million deaths globally, most of which were from cardiovascular causes. Research indicates that if left unaddressed, the ri...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - May 5, 2016 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Visceral Fat Triggers Heart Disease
I tell my patients to avoid drinking soda not just because they make you fat. Each sip of soda affects your health. Soda puts you at risk for health problems like metabolic syndrome. This is a collection of symptoms that can lead to diabetes, heart disease and other chronic diseases, like cancer. Soft drinks are the beverage of choice for millions of Americans. The latest research now reveals that sodas are a major cause of visceral fat — the deadliest kind of fat you can have, inflaming your tissues, rotting your blood vessels and upsetting your body chemistry. In a minute I’m going to tell you about a great healthy ...
Source: Al Sears, MD Natural Remedies - February 29, 2016 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Al Sears Tags: Heart Health heart disease metabolic syndrome Visceral Fat Source Type: news
Pediatric obesity: Causes, symptoms, prevention and treatment.
Authors: Xu S, Xue Y Abstract Pediatric or childhood obesity is the most prevalent nutritional disorder among children and adolescents worldwide. Approximately 43 million individuals are obese, 21-24% children and adolescents are overweight, and 16-18% of individuals have abdominal obesity. The prevalence of obesity is highest among specific ethnic groups. Obesity increases the risk of heart diseases in children and adults. Childhood obesity predisposes the individual to insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, liver and kidney diseases and causes reproductive dysfunction in adults. Obe...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - February 4, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
Sugary drinks linked to increased fat levels around vital organs
Conclusion This US cohort study found drinking sugar-sweetened beverages on a daily basis is associated with the highest increase in fat accumulation around the abdominal organs, compared with people who do not consume them. But there was an average increase in the amount of this fat in all people who took part in the study, although this was lowest in people who never consumed sugar-sweetened beverages. The study was prospective, which limits some sources of bias, but it has some limitations. For example, the food frequency questionnaire was only conducted once, at baseline. The results are therefore reliant on the p...
Source: NHS News Feed - January 12, 2016 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Food/diet Diabetes Heart/lungs Obesity Source Type: news
Bariatric Surgery in the United Kingdom: A Cohort Study of Weight Loss and Clinical Outcomes in Routine Clinical Care
Conclusions Bariatric surgery as delivered in the UK healthcare system is associated with dramatic weight loss, sustained at least 4 y after surgery. This weight loss is accompanied by substantial improvements in pre-existing T2DM and hypertension, as well as a reduced risk of incident T2DM, hypertension, angina, MI, and obstructive sleep apnoea. Widening the availability of bariatric surgery could lead to substantial health benefits for many people who are morbidly obese.
Source: PLoS Medicine - December 22, 2015 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Ian J. Douglas et al. Source Type: research