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Development of a Mobile Application Platform for Self-Management of Obesity Using Artificial Intelligence Techniques
Int J Telemed Appl. 2021 Aug 27;2021:6624057. doi: 10.1155/2021/6624057. eCollection 2021.ABSTRACTObesity is a major global health challenge and a risk factor for the leading causes of death, including heart disease, stroke, diabetes, and several types of cancer. Attempts to manage and regulate obesity have led to the implementation of various dietary regulatory initiatives to provide information on the calorie contents of meals. Although knowledge of the calorie content is useful for meal planning, it is not sufficient as other factors, including health status (diabetes, hypertension, etc.) and level of physical activity,...
Source: International Journal of Telemedicine and Applications - September 6, 2021 Category: Information Technology Authors: Sylvester M Sefa-Yeboah Kwabena Osei Annor Valencia J Koomson Firibu K Saalia Matilda Steiner-Asiedu Godfrey A Mills Source Type: research
BMI and BMI change following incident type 2 diabetes and risk of microvascular and macrovascular complications: the EPIC-Potsdam study
Conclusions/interpretationAmong people with incident type 2 diabetes, pre-diagnosis BMI was positively associated with microvascular complications, while a reduced risk was observed with weight loss when compared with stable weight. The relationships with macrovascular disease were less clear.Graphical abstract
Source: Diabetologia - March 8, 2021 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Gender Differences in Factors Associated with Clinically Meaningful Weight Loss among Adults Who Were Overweight or Obese: A Population-Based Cohort Study
Conclusion: Age, BMI status, physical activity, smoking status, family income, and health status were independent factors in males and females for weight management. However, further well-designed prospective studies are warranted to confirm our findings.Obes Facts
Source: Obesity Facts - December 22, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Source Type: research
Cinnamon May Slow Progression To Type 2 Diabetes, Boston Study Finds
(CNN) — Cinnamon may improve blood sugar control in people with a condition known as prediabetes and may slow the progression to type 2 diabetes, according to a new pilot study of 51 people with elevated blood sugars. “We are looking for safe, durable and cost-effective approaches to reduce the progression from prediabetes to type 2 diabetes,” said study author Dr. Giulio Romeo, a staff physician at Boston’s Joslin Diabetes Center and the division of endocrinology at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center. The study published Tuesday in the Journal of the Endocrine Society. “Our 12-week study sh...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - July 21, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Health – CBS Boston Tags: Boston News Health Syndicated CBSN Boston Cinnamon CNN Diabetes Source Type: news
Weight Change and Mortality from Cardiovascular Diseases: The Japan Collaborative Cohort Study.
CONCLUSIONS: Weight loss or gain could be a risk factor for mortality from total or ischemic CVD, while weight loss could be a risk factor for intracerebral hemorrhage. PMID: 32378530 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis - May 8, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: J Atheroscler Thromb Source Type: research
Weight loss since early adulthood, later life risk of fracture hospitalizations, and bone mineral density: a prospective cohort study of 0.5 million Chinese adults
ConclusionsWeight loss from early adulthood to midlife was associated with a higher risk of hip fracture and lower BMD in later life.
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - April 18, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Top 10 Health Questions America Asked Dr. Google In 2019
(CNN) — Google users in the United States had a lot of questions about blood pressure, the keto diet and hiccups in 2019. Those topics were among the 10 most-searched health-related questions on the search engine this year, according to new data from Google. The list was based on search terms collected between January and early December. Last year, the top health-related questions Googled by people in the US included what is amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, or ALS, what is endometriosis and how long does weed stay in your urine. In 2017, what is lupus, how long does the flu last and what causes hiccups were some of the...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - December 12, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Health – CBS Boston Tags: Health News CNN Google Source Type: news
Pharmacological treatment of NASH.
Abstract Lifestyle modifications, especially weight loss, are efficient on NASH liver injury, however rarely followed in clinical practice. The target population of pharmacologic treatments is represented by patients with NASH and fibrosis. Out of histological improvement, efficacy of treatments should be assessed through liver morbi-mortality benefit, but also on extrahepatic events, such as cardiovascular. Among anti-diabetic treatments, glitazones et GLP-1 agonists have shown efficacy on histological liver injury. Vitamin E is efficient on liver injury but at the cost of prostate cancer and stroke over risk. Ab...
Source: Presse Medicale - November 18, 2019 Category: General Medicine Authors: Serfaty L Tags: Presse Med Source Type: research
Balloons, Pills, Sleeves: Weight Loss Options Grow
Nearly 40% of U.S. adults are obese, putting them at a higher risk of earlier death, heart disease, stroke, some cancers, and gallbladder disease, among other problems.
Source: WebMD Health - June 5, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Osteoporosis and Sarcopenia Increase Frailty Syndrome in the Elderly
Conclusions World population is aging and the increase in life expectancy is often unhealthy. In particular, musculoskeletal aging, which leads to sarcopenia and osteoporosis, has several causes such as changes in body composition, inflammation, and hormonal imbalance. Sarcopenia, osteoporosis, and more frequently, sarcopenic obesity are commonly associated with aging and frequently closely linked each other, often leading to the development of a frailty syndrome. Frailty syndrome favors an increased risk of loss function in daily activities, for cardiovascular diseases, cancers, falls, and mortality. As the number of eld...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - April 23, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Plant-Derived Alkaloids: The Promising Disease-Modifying Agents for Inflammatory Bowel Disease
Conclusion This paper summarizes the current findings regarding the anti-colitis activity of plant-derived alkaloids and shows how these alkaloids exhibit significant and beneficial effects in alleviating colonic inflammation. These natural alkaloids are not only promising agents for IBD treatment but are also components for developing new wonder drugs. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms or toxicological evaluation of most plant-derived alkaloids still require much scientific research, and their actual efficacies for IBD patients have not been verified well in field research. Thus, further clinical trials to elu...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - April 11, 2019 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Carbohydrate quality and human health: a series of systematic reviews and meta-analyses
Publication date: Available online 10 January 2019Source: The LancetAuthor(s): Andrew Reynolds, Jim Mann, John Cummings, Nicola Winter, Evelyn Mete, Lisa Te MorengaSummaryBackgroundPrevious systematic reviews and meta-analyses explaining the relationship between carbohydrate quality and health have usually examined a single marker and a limited number of clinical outcomes. We aimed to more precisely quantify the predictive potential of several markers, to determine which markers are most useful, and to establish an evidence base for quantitative recommendations for intakes of dietary fibre.MethodsWe did a series of systema...
Source: The Lancet - January 11, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
10 Ways to Keep Your Heart Healthy
No one ever had fun visiting the cardiologist. Regardless of how good the doc might be, it’s always a little scary thinking about the health of something as fundamental as the heart. But there are ways to take greater control—to ensure that your own heart health is the best it can be—even if you have a family history of cardiovascular disease. Although 50% of cardiovascular-disease risk is genetic, the other 50% can be modified by how you live your life, according to Dr. Eugenia Gianos, director of Women’s Heart Health at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City. “This means you can greatly ...
Source: TIME: Health - October 17, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Lisa Lombardi and Jamie Ducharme Tags: Uncategorized Baby Boomer Health heart health Source Type: news
Mayo Clinic Researchers Find Some Bacteria Derail Weight Loss, Suggest Analysis of Individuals ’ Microbiomes; a Clinical Lab Test Could Help Millions Fight Obesity
CDC reports more than 93-million US adults are obese, and health issues related to obesity include heart disease, stroke, type 2 diabetes, and cancers In recent years, the role of the human microbiome in weight loss or weight gain has been studied by different research groups. There is keen interest in this subject because of […]
Source: Dark Daily - August 24, 2018 Category: Laboratory Medicine Authors: Jude Tags: Instruments & Equipment Laboratory Instruments & Laboratory Equipment Laboratory Management and Operations Laboratory News Laboratory Operations Laboratory Pathology Laboratory Testing anatomic pathology calories cancer carbohydrates Source Type: news
Risk of Coronary Heart Disease and Ischemic Stroke Incidence in Gastric Cancer Survivors: A Nationwide Study in Korea.
CONCLUSIONS: CHD and ischemic stroke risk decreased after gastrectomy. The amount of weight loss and accompanying metabolic changes seemed to mediate the reduction of such risk. Reassessment of cardiovascular risk factors after gastrectomy and consideration of cardiovascular risk in the selection of treatment modality are suggested. PMID: 30043317 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Ann Oncol - July 24, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Shin DW, Suh B, Park Y, Lim H, Suh YS, Yun JM, Cho B, Yang HK Tags: Ann Surg Oncol Source Type: research
A nonrestrictive, weight loss diet focused on fiber and lean protein increase
According to the World Health Organization, more than 1.9 billion adults age ≥18 year were overweight and more than 600 million adults obese worldwide in 2014 . Excess weight significantly increases the risk for morbidity including hypertension, stroke, cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, osteoarthritis, and some types of cancers [2,3]. In the United States, obesit y remains a leading public health problem with 34.9% of adults and 16.9% of children who were obese between 2011 and 2012 .
Source: Nutrition - March 22, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Lijuan Zhang, Sherry Pagoto, Barbara Olendzki, Gioia Persuitte, Linda Churchill, Jessica Oleski, Yunsheng Ma Tags: Applied nutritional investigation Source Type: research
The current and potential health benefits of the National Health Service Health Check cardiovascular disease prevention programme in England: A microsimulation study
ConclusionsOur model indicates that the current NHS Health Check programme is contributing to improvements in health and reducing health inequalities. Feasible changes in the organisation of the programme could result in more than a 3-fold increase in health benefits.
Source: PLoS Medicine - March 6, 2018 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Oliver T. Mytton Source Type: research
Weight Loss in Italy?
One of the women I work with wanted to know about the new diet drug called Belviq. The FDA is always approving a new “miracle” weight-loss pill, only to recall it a few years later. To date, at least 34 diet drugs have been taken off the market. Diet pills cause all kinds of problems — heart attack, stroke and psychiatric disorders. And Belviq isn’t any different. Some of its side effects include suicidal thoughts, a racing heartbeat, hallucinations and more… The European Union banned Belviq. The reason? It causes cancer in animals. And here’s the real irony… Clinical trials found ...
Source: Al Sears, MD Natural Remedies - October 19, 2017 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Cathy Card Tags: Anti-Aging Source Type: news
Adolescent bariatric surgery is on the Rise: An analysis of utilization and procedure trends in New York State
Obesity constitutes a major public health issue affecting an increasing number of families. In the United States the percentage of adolescents aged 12-19 years with obesity has reached an alarming level of 21%. Childhood obesity could lead to long term development of heart disease, type 2 diabetes, stroke, several types of cancer, and osteoarthritis. The bariatric surgical interventions have emerged as successful alternative to the behavioral and psychological interventions in weight loss for adolescents .
Source: Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases - October 1, 2017 Category: Surgery Authors: Shabana Humayon, Maria Altieri, Jie Yang, Kristie Price, Konstantinos Spaniolas, Aurora Pryor Tags: Bariatric Surgery in Adolescents Source Type: research
Association between Exposure to p,p ′-DDT and Its Metabolite p,p′-DDE with Obesity: Integrated Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Conclusions: We classified p,p′-DDT and p,p′-DDE as “presumed” to be obesogenic for humans, based on a moderate level of primary human evidence, a moderate level of primary in vivo evidence, and a moderate level of supporting evidence from in vivo and in vitro studies. https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP527 Received: 17 May 2016 Revised: 04 May 2017 Accepted: 09 May 2017 Published: 18 September 2017 Please address correspondence to M.A. La Merrill, Dept. of Environmental Toxicology, University of California, Davis, 1 Shields Ave., 4245 Meyer Hall, Davis, CA 95616-5270 USA. Telephone: (530) 754-7254. Email: mlamerrill...
Source: EHP Research - September 18, 2017 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Daniil Lyalko Tags: Review Source Type: research
HealthWatch: How Sweeteners And Sleep Influence Weight Gain
BOSTON (CBS) – A new report shows inadequate sleep could be making you fat. Researchers in the United Kingdom found that adults who slept an average of 6 hours a night weighed more and had a waist circumference about an inch larger than those getting 9 hours of sleep a night. They also had lower levels of HDL or “good” cholesterol. While most of us do not get 9 hours of sleep a night, we should all strive to get at least 7 to 8. That’s because there is growing evidence that chronic sleep deprivation can increase our risk of obesity and metabolic disorders like diabetes and high cholesterol, which can lead to...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - August 2, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Health – CBS Boston Tags: Health Local News artificial sweeteners Dr. Mallika Marshall Health Watch Weight Loss Source Type: news
Being overweight, not just obese, still carries serious health risks
Conclusion This impressively large global study demonstrates that the prevalence of obesity is increasing worldwide among both children and adults. It supports what has long been thought, that increased body mass index (BMI) contributes to a range of illnesses and is ultimately responsible for a large number of deaths, particularly from cardiovascular disease. One potential limitation is the use of self-reported BMI or health outcome data in some of the studies, although the majority used a specific independent measurement so this is unlikely to have biased results too much. It is also always difficult from observational d...
Source: NHS News Feed - June 13, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Obesity Source Type: news
Task-based weight management programme delivered in primary care promotes better long-term weight loss among women from lower socioeconomic groups than usual practice
Commentary on: McRobbie H, Hajek P, Peerbux S, et al.. Tackling obesity in areas of high social deprivation: clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a task-based weight management group programme—a randomised controlled trial and economic evaluation. Health Technol Assess 2016;20:1–150. Implications for practice and research The study is important in demonstrating that a task-based weight management programme can potentially be effective in reducing obesity among lower socioeconomic groups. The role of nurses in delivering such weight loss interventions should be evaluated. Context Obesity is recognise...
Source: Evidence-Based Nursing - March 22, 2017 Category: Nursing Authors: Bambra, C. Tags: Health promotion and public health Source Type: research
Regular activity may help some people stay 'fat and fit'
Conclusion As people often say, if exercise was a medicine, it would be hailed as a miracle cure. This study suggests that what we already know about the benefits of exercise may extend to reducing risk of cardiovascular disease for middle aged and older people, even if they are overweight or obese. But the study has some limitations. This type of study can't prove that one factor – exercise – is responsible for the lower risk of heart attack and stroke among overweight or obese people who exercise more. It's possible that other factors are important – for example people's income may be linked to their opportuniti...
Source: NHS News Feed - March 2, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Obesity Lifestyle/exercise Heart/lungs Source Type: news
Exercise 'most proven method' to prevent return of breast cancer
Conclusion This was a helpful summary of recent research into how lifestyle changes impact on the risk of breast cancer returning, but it does have some limitations. Researching lifestyle factors separately is always difficult as they tend to clump together, making it difficult to pick apart individual factors. For example, people who are more physically active tend to have a healthier diet and are less likely to drink excessive amounts of alcohol or smoke. While the researchers say many studies attempt to make adjustments for these confounding factors, it is difficult to know which studies did this and how successful they...
Source: NHS News Feed - February 22, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Cancer QA articles Lifestyle/exercise Source Type: news
Role of Endoscopic Gastroplasty Techniques in the Management of Obesity.
Authors: Jung Y Abstract Health and wellness represent a major global concern. Trends such as a lack of exercise and excessive consumption of calories are major causes of the rapid increase in obesity worldwide. Obesity should be controlled because it can result in other illnesses, such as diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, coronary artery disease, stroke, breathing disorders, or cancer. However, many people have difficulty in managing obesity through exercise, dietary control, behavioral modifications, and drug therapy. Bariatric surgery is not commonly used due to a variety of complications, even th...
Source: Clinical Endoscopy - February 5, 2017 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Clin Endosc Source Type: research
Want to Lose Weight? Add This One Thing to Your Diet
What are the best ways to lose weight? originally appeared on Quora - the knowledge sharing network where compelling questions are answered by people with unique insights. Answer by Keck Medicine of USC, 500+ internationally renowned doctors at a leading academic medical center, on Quora: Learn the secret to losing weight - and improve your overall health at the same time. Fiber. It's not a sexy solution, but it's one that works wonders for maintaining a healthy weight. Beans, vegetables, fruit and grains all contain fiber, which helps keep your digestive tract clean, healthy and at peak function. But, did you know that...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - December 28, 2016 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
7 Tips To Lower Diabetes Risk in Menopause During the Holidays
By now, most people have been to a holiday party or two. Lots of food, lots of eggnog and other carb laden alcoholic beverages, and lots of grazing all day long on all the boxes of candy friends and business acquaintances sent to us. It's easy to gain the five pounds most people gain during the holidays, and in the process, raise your blood sugar or glucose levels too high. That's your body letting you know you have prediabetes (higher than normal but still below diabetes levels) or diabetes, and unless you take action soon, your body won't like it. Diabetes silently sneaks up on you and if untreated, slowly weakens your ...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - December 23, 2016 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Association between weight change and mortality in community living older people followed for up to 14 years. The Hordaland Health Study (HUSK)
ConclusionEven a minor weight loss of ≥5% or>3 kg were significantly associated with increased risk of mortality. Thus, weight should be routinely measured in older adults.
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - December 16, 2016 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
Milk and dairy products: good or bad for human health? An assessment of the totality of scientific evidence.
CONCLUSION: The totality of available scientific evidence supports that intake of milk and dairy products contribute to meet nutrient recommendations, and may protect against the most prevalent chronic diseases, whereas very few adverse effects have been reported. PMID: 27882862 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Food and Nutrition Research - November 26, 2016 Category: Nutrition Authors: Thorning TK, Raben A, Tholstrup T, Soedamah-Muthu SS, Givens I, Astrup A Tags: Food Nutr Res Source Type: research
Expensive New Diabetes Drugs Add Nothing But Cost And Complications
This is the fourth in an ongoing series of blogs exposing the rampant misuse of the medications so aggressively promoted by greedy drug companies. I am very lucky in having the perfect partner in this truth-vs-power effort to contradict Pharma propaganda with evidence based fact. Dick Bijl is President of the International Society of Drug Bulletins (ISDB), an impressive association of 53 national drug bulletins from all around the world, each of which publishes the best available data on the pluses and minuses of different medications. Drug bulletins help patients and doctors see through the misleading misinformation ge...
Source: Science - The Huffington Post - November 17, 2016 Category: Science Source Type: news
Borderline operability in hepatectomy patients is associated with higher rates of failure to rescue after severe complications
ConclusionsHepatectomy patients meeting BL criteria have an overall post‐hepatectomy mortality rate that is triple that of non‐BL patients. With less clinical reserve, BL patients who suffer SC are at greater risk of post‐hepatectomy death. J. Surg. Oncol. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Source: Journal of Surgical Oncology - November 2, 2016 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Bradford J. Kim, Ching ‐Wei D. Tzeng, Amanda B. Cooper, Jean‐Nicolas Vauthey, Thomas A. Aloia Tags: Research Article Source Type: research
Impact of Intermittent Fasting on Health and Disease Processes.
Abstract Humans in modern societies typically consume food at least three times daily, while laboratory animals are fed ad libitum. Overconsumption of food with such eating patterns often leads to metabolic morbidities (insulin resistance, excessive accumulation of visceral fat, etc.), particularly when associated with a sedentary lifestyle. Because animals, including humans, evolved in environments where food was relatively scarce, they developed numerous adaptations that enabled them to function at a high level, both physically and cognitively, when in a food-deprived/fasted state. Intermittent fasting (IF) enco...
Source: Ageing Research Reviews - October 30, 2016 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Mattson MP, Longo VD, Harvie M Tags: Ageing Res Rev Source Type: research
Want Your Teen To Have A Healthy Weight? Science Says Shut Up
Experts agree that talking about the need to diet and lose weight is one of the most unhealthy, counterproductive things a parent can do for a teen who is struggling with weight issues. Now, new guidelines from the American Academy of Pediatrics formally endorse those findings. In order to prevent obesity and eating disorders, parents should focus less on diets and the scale and emphasize family togetherness and exercise for fitness, not weight loss. The AAP included both obesity and eating disorders in their recommendations because these often share unhealthy behaviors such as dieting, bingeing and having a diss...
Source: Science - The Huffington Post - August 23, 2016 Category: Science Source Type: news
Leading Health Mistakes Women Make In Their 30s
Credit For many women, turning 30 marks the real beginning of adulthood. You're established in a career, and maybe in a relationship. You might be thinking about starting a family. You feel pretty good about yourself, and all the health indiscretions of your 20s (remember those all-night parties and how you still managed to make it into work the next day?) haven't taken much of a health toll. But let's face it, ages 30 to 39 are prime time. All in all, the 30s are a very positive time for health, but it's also the time you have to start developing excellent habits as an investment in the future, says Dr. Debra DeJoseph,...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - August 17, 2016 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Phospholipase C-related catalytically inactive protein can regulate obesity, a state of peripheral inflammation
Publication date: Available online 27 June 2016 Source:Japanese Dental Science Review Author(s): Yosuke Yamawaki, Kana Oue, Satomi Shirawachi, Satoshi Asano, Kae Harada, Takashi Kanematsu Obesity is defined as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation. Chronic inflammation in fat influences the development of obesity-related diseases. Many reports state that obesity increases the risk of morbidity in many diseases, including hypertension, dyslipidemia, type 2 diabetes, coronary heart disease, stroke, sleep apnea, and breast, prostate and colon cancers, leading to increased mortality. Obesity is also associated with ch...
Source: Japanese Dental Science Review - July 27, 2016 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
An Unusual Cause Of Recurrent Ischemic Stroke: Trousseau's Syndrome From Gastric Cancer (P4.231)
CONCLUSIONS: Trousseau’s Syndrome must be considered in those presenting with recurrent strokes with an otherwise negative embolic work up especially in the elderly and those with cancer risk factors. It must prompt the clinician to look for an associated malignancy.Disclosure: Dr. JADEJA has nothing to disclose. Dr. Johnson has nothing to disclose. Dr. Soetanto has nothing to disclose. Dr. Nalleballe has nothing to disclose. Dr. DeNiro has nothing to disclose. Dr. Qureshi has nothing to disclose. Dr. Graber has received personal compensation for activities with Stemedica Inc., Novocure Inc., and Biogen Idec.
Source: Neurology - April 8, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Jadeja, N., Johnson, J., Soetanto, A., Nalleballe, K., DeNiro, L., Qureshi, I., Graber, J. Tags: Neuro-oncology: Paraneoplastic Disorders Source Type: research