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Denoising of Dynamic Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopic Imaging Using Low Rank Approximations in the Kinetic Domain
Accurate measurement of low metabolite concentrations produced by medically important enzymes is commonly obscured by noise during magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Measuring the turnover rate of low-level metabolites can directly quantify the activity of enzymes of interest, including possible drug targets in cancer and other diseases. Noise can cause the in vivo signal to fall below the limit of detection. A variety of denoising methods have been proposed to enhance spectroscopic peaks, but still fall short for the detection of low-intensity signals. Dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP) is one method that has been critical...
Source: NIH OTT Licensing Opportunities - August 24, 2020 Category: Research Authors: ott-admin Source Type: research
Cinnamon May Slow Progression To Type 2 Diabetes, Boston Study Finds
(CNN) — Cinnamon may improve blood sugar control in people with a condition known as prediabetes and may slow the progression to type 2 diabetes, according to a new pilot study of 51 people with elevated blood sugars. “We are looking for safe, durable and cost-effective approaches to reduce the progression from prediabetes to type 2 diabetes,” said study author Dr. Giulio Romeo, a staff physician at Boston’s Joslin Diabetes Center and the division of endocrinology at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center. The study published Tuesday in the Journal of the Endocrine Society. “Our 12-week study sh...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - July 21, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Health – CBS Boston Tags: Boston News Health Syndicated CBSN Boston Cinnamon CNN Diabetes Source Type: news
Goal-directed therapy with bolus albumin 5% is not superior to bolus ringer acetate in maintaining systemic and mesenteric oxygen delivery in major upper abdominal surgery: A randomised controlled trial
CONCLUSION Bolus human albumin 5% was not superior to bolus ringer acetate in maintaining systemic or mesenteric oxygen delivery in elective major upper gastrointestinal cancer surgery, despite the administration of larger volumes of trial fluid in the ringer acetate group. No significant difference was seen in fluid-related complications or LOS. TRIAL REGISTRATION https://eudract.ema.europa.eu/ Identifier: 2013-002217-36.
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - May 11, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Haemodynamics Source Type: research
A Nomogram for Individual Prediction of Poor Prognosis After Radical Surgery in Patients with Primary Pancreatic Duct Adenocarcinoma.
CONCLUSIONS Our study presents a valid and practical model to predict prognosis of pancreatic cancer patients, which contributes to individualized therapy by assisting surgeons to predict poor prognosis in patients who received radical surgery. PMID: 32088726 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Medical Science Monitor - February 24, 2020 Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research
Effects of glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists on major cardiovascular events in patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus with or without established cardiovascular disease: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
Conclusion Glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists significantly reduce MACE, CV and total mortality stroke, and hospitalization for HF, with a trend for reduction of MI, in patients with Type 2 DM with and without established CVD.
Source: European Heart Journal - February 20, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
d-dimer and diffusion-weighted imaging pattern as two diagnostic indicators for cancer-related stroke: A case–control study based on the STROBE guidelines
The aim of this study was to evaluate the risk factors and elucidate the clinical characteristics of cancer-associated ischemic stroke to differentiate it from conventional ischemic stroke in China and East Asia. Between June 2012 and June 2016, a retrospective analysis was performed on 609 stroke patients with cancer. They were divided into 3 groups: cancer-stroke group (CSG, 203 cases), stroke group (SG, 203 cases), and cancer group (CG, 203 cases). The d-dimer levels and diffusion-weighted imaging lesion (DWI) pattern were compared to an age- and sex-matched control group. The most common cancer types were colorectal ca...
Source: Medicine - January 1, 2020 Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research
Medium and long-term risks of specific cardiovascular diseases in survivors of 20 adult cancers: a population-based cohort study using multiple linked UK electronic health records databases
In this study, we used large-scale electronic health records data from multiple linked UK databases to address these evidence gaps.MethodsFor this population-based cohort study, we used linked primary care, hospital, and cancer registry data from the UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink to identify cohorts of survivors of the 20 most common cancers who were 18 years or older and alive 12 months after diagnosis and controls without history of cancer, matched for age, sex, and general practice. We compared risks for a range of cardiovascular disease outcomes using crude and adjusted Cox models. We fitted interactions to in...
Source: The Lancet - August 21, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Stroke in malignancy: complexities of diagnosis and management: a case report
ConclusionsThis case highlights the importance of having a high threshold of suspicion for malignancy as a cause of stroke.
Source: Journal of Medical Case Reports - August 19, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Cardiovascular, mortality, and kidney outcomes with GLP-1 receptor agonists in patients with type 2 diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis of cardiovascular outcome trials
Publication date: Available online 14 August 2019Source: The Lancet Diabetes & EndocrinologyAuthor(s): Søren L Kristensen, Rasmus Rørth, Pardeep S Jhund, Kieran F Docherty, Naveed Sattar, David Preiss, Lars Køber, Mark C Petrie, John J V McMurraySummaryBackgroundGlucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonists differ in their structure and duration of action and have been studied in trials of varying sizes and with different patient populations, with inconsistent effects on cardiovascular outcomes reported. We aimed to synthesise the available evidence by doing a systematic review and meta-analysis of cardiovascular ou...
Source: The Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology - August 15, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Variation of all-cause and cause-specific mortality with body mass index in one million Swedish parent-son pairs: An instrumental variable analysis
ConclusionsConsistent with previous large-scale meta-analyses and reviews, results supported the causal role of higher BMI in increasing the risk of several common causes of death, including cancers with increasing global incidence. We also found positive effects of BMI on mortality from respiratory disease, prostate cancer, and lung cancer, which has been inconsistently reported in the literature, suggesting that the causal role of higher BMI in mortality from these diseases may be underestimated. Furthermore, we expect different patterns of bias in the current observational and IV analyses; therefore, the similarities be...
Source: PLoS Medicine - August 8, 2019 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Kaitlin H. Wade Source Type: research
CT perfusion shows promising utility in cancer treatment
The CT perfusion scans of patients with pancreatic cancer revealed that those...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: CT matches MRI for late-window stroke evaluation Is CT or MR perfusion better for diagnosing CAD? Perfusion imaging expands window for stroke treatment CTA plus stress tests help predict heart attacks ISCT: Is CT perfusion dead beyond the head?
Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines - July 11, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: news
Sex Difference of Radiation Response in Occupational and Accidental Exposure
Conclusion and Outlook This review summarizes the data from major human studies on the health risks of radiation exposure and shows that sex can potentially influence the prolonged response to radiation exposure (Figure 1 and Tables 1, 2). These data suggest that long-term radiosensitivity in females is higher than that in males who receive a comparable dose of radiation. Our analysis of the literature agrees with the conclusions of the recent report on the Biological effects of ionizing radiation (BEIR VII) published in 2006 by the National Academy of Sciences (NAS), United States (National Research Council, 2006). The B...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - May 2, 2019 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
NAMPT as a Dedifferentiation-Inducer Gene: NAD+ as Core Axis for Glioma Cancer Stem-Like Cells Maintenance
Conclusion and Perspectives Gliomas are the most prevalent primary brain cancer in adults and include a broad category of tumors including astrocytoma, oligodendroglioma, and GBM. Regardless of tumor aggressiveness, malignancy, and infiltration, these glia-derived tumors rarely exceed a median survival time of 12–14 months. Driven by the infiltrative nature of these tumors, the clinical approach is difficult and relapses often occur with fatal consequences. These unsuccessful attempts to control glioma's fate have fostered research looking for more effective therapies. (GSCs) are a small subset of CD133...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - May 2, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Periodontal Disease Is Associated With Increased Risk of Hypertension: A Cross-Sectional Study
Conclusion: Periodontal disease is significantly and positively correlated with increased risk of hypertension in Chinese population, and exact mechanisms of this association should be explored in future. Introduction Periodontal disease is a complex polymicrobial inflammation, including gingivitis and periodontitis. According to the 2015 Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study, the prevalence of severe chronic periodontitis in 2015 has reached 616 million (Kassebaum et al., 2017). In China, the periodontal disease standardized DALYs rate has risen from 24.7 in 1990 to 25.7 in 2013 according to the data from 2013 GBD ...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - April 24, 2019 Category: Physiology Source Type: research
Cryptotanshinone Attenuates Oxygen-Glucose Deprivation/ Recovery-Induced Injury in an in vitro Model of Neurovascular Unit
Conclusions Despite the above limitations, we indicate that the protective mechanism of CTs against OGD/R damage might exert via inhibiting neuron apoptosis and attenuating BBB disruption. Furthermore, we also clarified that CTs inhibited neuronal apoptosis possibly by blocking the activation of MAPK signaling pathways, and CTs alleviating BBB disruption may associated with the regulation of TJPs and MMP-9 in our experiment. Accordingly, CTs will represent a novel and potent candidate for the treatment of CIRI in the future. Ethics Statement This study was carried out in accordance with the recommendations of China...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - April 17, 2019 Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Increasing Upstream Chromatin Long –Range Interactions May Favor Induction of Circular RNAs in LysoPC-Activated Human Aortic Endothelial Cells
We examined the sponging potential of all significantly changed circRNAs using the CircInteractome database (Montefiori et al., 2018), recording two miRNAs with four or more predicted binding sites in a single circRNA transcript, a threshold above which meaningful sponging activity is likely to occur Memczak et al. (2013). Another four significantly changed circRNAs are experimentally shown to sponge miRNAs (Dudekula et al., 2016; Chen et al., 2017; Yan et al., 2017; Wang et al., 2018), for six total circRNAs with miRNA sponging activity including miR125, miR143, miR1272, miR153, miR515-5p, and miR196a-5p (Table 4). In Fig...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - April 17, 2019 Category: Physiology Source Type: research
Connecting Metainflammation and Neuroinflammation Through the PTN-MK-RPTP β/ζ Axis: Relevance in Therapeutic Development
Conclusion The expression of the components of the PTN-MK-RPTPβ/ζ axis in immune cells and in inflammatory diseases suggests important roles for this axis in inflammation. Pleiotrophin has been recently identified as a limiting factor of metainflammation, a chronic pathological state that contributes to neuroinflammation and neurodegeneration. Pleiotrophin also seems to potentiate acute neuroinflammation independently of the inflammatory stimulus while MK seems to play different -even opposite- roles in acute neuroinflammation depending on the stimulus. Which are the functions of MK and PTN in chronic neuroi...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - April 11, 2019 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Nrf2 as a Potential Mediator of Cardiovascular Risk in Metabolic Diseases
Conclusion Activation of the Nrf2-dependent antioxidant system plays an important role in cell defense against oxidative stress damage, whereas the insufficiency of the Nrf2 system is associated with multiple aspects of the genesis and progression of metabolic diseases, posing a great risk to the cardiovascular system (Figure 1). The systemic increase of Nrf2 activity by several activators may be beneficial in the treatment of metabolic diseases. In addition, selective upregulation of Nrf2 genes may represent a potential therapy in obesity, diabetes and atherosclerosis. Looking to the future, experimental research that el...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - April 11, 2019 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
6-Bromoindirubin-3 ′-Oxime (6BIO) Suppresses the mTOR Pathway, Promotes Autophagy, and Exerts Anti-aging Effects in Rodent Liver
In this study, we aimed to investigate the anti-aging effect, and molecular mechanism, of the novel anti-aging drug 6BIO on naturally aged mouse liver. Rapamycin, a well-known promising anti-aging drug that delays aging through mTOR-dependent autophagy (Zhou and Ye, 2018), was used as the positive control in the study. To our knowledge, this is the first study to demonstrate the effects of 6BIO treatment in models of natural aging. Our results indicated that 6BIO ameliorates the decline of liver function with age, including lipid metabolism disorder, and attenuates hepatocyte senescence in aged mice, as revealed by altera...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - April 9, 2019 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Perioperative Fluid Administration in Pancreatic Surgery: a Comparison of Three Regimens
ConclusionIn patients undergoing pancreatic surgery, a restricted or individually guided GD strategy for management of perioperative fluids can result in fewer complications than a liberal fluid strategy. Larger and randomized investigations are warranted to confirm these data on this domain.
Source: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery - April 2, 2019 Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Arterial thromboembolic events preceding the diagnosis of cancer in older persons
In conclusion, the risk of arterial thromboembolic events begins to increase 150 days before the date of cancer diagnosis in older persons and peaks in the 30 days before.
Source: Blood - February 21, 2019 Category: Hematology Authors: Navi, B. B., Reiner, A. S., Kamel, H., Iadecola, C., Okin, P. M., Tagawa, S. T., Panageas, K. S., DeAngelis, L. M. Tags: Plenary Papers, Free Research Articles, Thrombosis and Hemostasis, Clinical Trials and Observations Source Type: research
Fruit and vegetable consumption and health outcomes: an umbrella review of observational studies.
Authors: Angelino D, Godos J, Ghelfi F, Tieri M, Titta L, Lafranconi A, Marventano S, Alonzo E, Gambera A, Sciacca S, Buscemi S, Ray S, Galvano F, Del Rio D, Grosso G Abstract The aim of this study was to provide a comprehensive evaluation of current evidence on fruit and vegetable consumption and health outcomes. A systematic search for quantitative syntheses was performed. Several criteria, including study design, dose-response relationship, heterogeneity and agreement of results over time, and identification of potential confounding factors, were used to assess the level of evidence. The strongest (probable) evi...
Source: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition - February 17, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Food Sci Nutr Source Type: research
Sleeping in Seattle; Pancreatic Cancer Tx: It ' s PodMed Double T! (with audio)
(MedPage Today) -- This week ' s topics include causes of death among U.S. children, lifetime risk of stroke, sleeping more in Seattle, and a new treatment for pancreas cancer.
Source: MedPage Today Public Health - December 22, 2018 Category: American Health Source Type: news
Rivaroxaban Thromboprophylaxis in High-Risk Ambulatory Cancer Patients Receiving Systemic Therapy: Results of a Randomized Clinical Trial (CASSINI)
Conclusions: Rivaroxaban significantly reduced VTE and VTE-related death during the on-treatment period but not during the full study period; over one-third of events occurred post discontinuation of study drug. The incidence of major bleeding was low. The Khorana risk score cut-off of ≥2 identified cancer patients at high risk of thrombotic events both at baseline (4.53%) and during study (8.79% with additional 1.66% arterial events in placebo group). These results should inform future recommendations regarding thromboprophylaxis in at-risk ambulatory cancer patients.(Funded by Janssen; ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT02...
Source: Blood - November 21, 2018 Category: Hematology Authors: Khorana, A. A., Soff, G. A., Kakkar, A. K., Vadhan-Raj, S., Riess, H., Wun, T., Streiff, M. B., Garcia, D. A., Liebman, H. A., Belani, C., O'Reilly, E. M., Patel, J. N., Yimer, H. A., Wildgoose, P., Burton, P., Vijapurkar, U., Kaul, S., Eikelboom, J., McB Tags: Late-Breaking Abstracts Session Source Type: research
Black pleural effusion as the presenting feature of lung cancer.
Conclusion: In the present case, the black stain most likely results from intrapleural haemolysis following haemorrhage. Pleural fluid bilirubin may be useful in evaluating pleural effusion, especially if black.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - November 19, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Fernandes, V., Alfaro, T. M., Cruz, C., Cordeiro, C. R. Tags: Clinical Problems Source Type: research
Albiglutide and cardiovascular outcomes in patients with type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease (Harmony Outcomes): a double-blind, randomised placebo-controlled trial
This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT02465515.FindingsPatients were screened between July 1, 2015, and Nov 24, 2016. 10 793 patients were screened and 9463 participants were enrolled and randomly assigned to groups: 4731 patients were assigned to receive albiglutide and 4732 patients to receive placebo. On Nov 8, 2017, it was determined that 611 primary endpoints and a median follow-up of at least 1·5 years had accrued, and participants returned for a final visit and discontinuation from study treatment; the last patient visit was on March 12, 2018. These 9463 patients, the intention-to-treat popu...
Source: The Lancet - October 5, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Cancer-Associated Hypercoagulation Increases the Risk of Early Recurrent Stroke in Patients with Active Cancer
Conclusions: Ischemic stroke patients with active cancer faced a high risk of early recurrent stroke. The concurrence of hDD levels ( ≥10.4 µg/mL) and MVTI was an independent predictor of early recurrent stroke in active cancer patients. Our findings suggest that cancer-associated hypercoagulation increases the early recurrent stroke risk.Cerebrovasc Dis 2018;46:46 –51
Source: Cerebrovascular Diseases - July 31, 2018 Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Working night shifts drives up the risk of cancer, stroke and heart disease:
A new study from the University of Washington and the University of Surrey has found that working night shift disrupts the peripheral clocks found in your body's tissues such as the liver and pancreas.
Source: the Mail online | Health - July 10, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Risk of Ischemic and Hemorrhagic Strokes in Occult and Manifest Cancers Clinical Sciences
Conclusions—Cancer, occult and manifest, is associated with increased risks for stroke. The increased risk is linked mainly to cancers related to smoking.
Source: Stroke - June 25, 2018 Category: Neurology Authors: Klaus Kaae Andersen, Tom Skyhoȷ Olsen Tags: Epidemiology, Risk Factors, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke, Intracranial Hemorrhage, Ischemic Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research
Pancreatic Cancer in Pregnancy Presenting with Thromboembolic Events: Case Report and Review of the Literature
We describe the case of a healthy 31-year-old G2P1 who presented with visual changes and dysarthria during pregnancy. Imaging showed cerebral infarcts. Her thrombophilia evaluation was negative. During delivery, she was diagnosed with fulminant Budd-Chiari Syndrome. Hepatic ultrasound suggested malignancy or metastasis, and postpartum CT scan and biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of Stage IV pancreatic cancer. Although rare in pregnancy, a new diagnosis of malignancy should be considered in patients with recurrent unexplained hypercoagulable complications. We propose an evidence-based algorithm for evaluation of occult malign...
Source: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation - June 8, 2018 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
Abstract 14: The Influence of Provider Specialty on Anticoagulation Prescription Fills and Stroke Risk in Atrial Fibrillation Patients With History of Cancer Session Title: Poster Session Reception: Young Investigator Award Semi-Finalists
Conclusion: AF patients with cancer were less likely to see a cardiologist, and less likely to fill an anticoagulant prescription than AF patients without cancer. However, cardiology involvement was associated with increased anticoagulant prescription fills and reduced risk of stroke, suggesting a beneficial role for cardiology providers to improve outcomes in AF patients with history of cancer.
Source: Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes - April 5, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: ONeal, W. T., Claxton, J., MacLehose, R., Chen, L., Bengtson, L. G., Chamberlain, A. M., Norby, F., Lutsey, P., Alonso, A. Tags: Session Title: Poster Session Reception: Young Investigator Award Semi-Finalists Source Type: research
Higher stroke incidence in the patients with pancreatic cancer: A nation-based cohort study in Taiwan
No study has investigated the role of pancreatic cancer in the stroke risk using population data. We used claims data obtained from a universal health insurance program of Taiwan to evaluate the stroke risk in pancreatic cancer patients. From the catastrophic disease registry of the insurance, we identified 7479 patients with pancreatic malignancy without stroke history from 2000 to 2009. The comparison cohort consisted of 29,916 individuals identified from 1 million insured people without cancer and stroke history, matching with the cancer cohort by propensity score. We followed each selected individual until stroke was ...
Source: Medicine - March 1, 2018 Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research
Molecules, Vol. 23, Pages 258: Action of Phytochemicals on Insulin Signaling Pathways Accelerating Glucose Transporter (GLUT4) Protein Translocation
ury Hossain Diabetes is associated with obesity, generally accompanied by a chronic state of oxidative stress and redox imbalances which are implicated in the progression of micro- and macro-complications like heart disease, stroke, dementia, cancer, kidney failure and blindness. All these complications rise primarily due to consistent high blood glucose levels. Insulin and glucagon help to maintain the homeostasis of glucose and lipids through signaling cascades. Pancreatic hormones stimulate translocation of the glucose transporter isoform 4 (GLUT4) from an intracellular location to the cell surface and facilitate th...
Source: Molecules - January 28, 2018 Category: Chemistry Authors: Abu Sayem Aditya Arya Hamed Karimian Narendiran Krishnasamy Ameya Ashok Hasamnis Chowdhury Hossain Tags: Review Source Type: research
Cardiovascular outcomes with glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists in patients with type 2 diabetes: a meta-analysis
Publication date: Available online 6 December 2017 Source:The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology Author(s): M Angelyn Bethel, Rishi A Patel, Peter Merrill, Yuliya Lokhnygina, John B Buse, Robert J Mentz, Neha J Pagidipati, Juliana C Chan, Stephanie M Gustavson, Nayyar Iqbal, Aldo P Maggioni, Peter Öhman, Neil R Poulter, Ambady Ramachandran, Bernard Zinman, Adrian F Hernandez, Rury R Holman Background Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonists are effective glucose-lowering drugs. Findings from cardiovascular outcome trials showed cardiovascular safety of GLP-1 receptor agonists, but results for cardiovascular...
Source: The Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology - December 6, 2017 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
UCLA helps many to live long and prosper
In Westwood, more than 100 faculty experts from 25 departments have embarked on anall-encompassing push to cut the health and economic impacts of depression in half by the year 2050. The mammoth undertaking will rely on platforms developed by the new Institute for Precision Health, which will harness the power of big data and genomics to move toward individually tailored treatments and health-promotion strategies.On the same 419 acres of land, researchers across the spectrum, from the laboratory bench to the patient bedside, are ushering in a potentially game-changing approach to turning the body ’s immune defenses again...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - November 9, 2017 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news
The Role of Nitric Oxide from Neurological Disease to Cancer.
Authors: Maher A, Abdel Rahman MF, Gad MZ Abstract Until the beginning of the 1980s, nitric oxide (NO) was just a toxic molecule of a lengthy list of environmental pollutants such as cigarette smoke and smog. In fact, NO had a very bad reputation of being destroyer of ozone, suspected carcinogen and precursor of acid rain. However, by the early 1990s it was well recognized by the medical research community. Over the last two decades, the picture has been totally changed. Diverse lines of evidence have converged to show that this sometime poison is a fundamental player in the everyday business of the human body. NO ...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - August 27, 2017 Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
The Association of Arsenic Metabolism with Cancer, Cardiovascular Disease, and Diabetes: A Systematic Review of the Epidemiological Evidence
Conclusions: Population level of iAs% and DMA%, but not MMA%, were associated with arsenic exposure levels. Overall, study findings suggest that higher MMA% was associated with an increased risk of cancer and cardiovascular disease, while lower MMA% was associated with an increased risk of diabetes and metabolic syndrome. Additional population-based studies and experimental studies are needed to further evaluate and understand the role of arsenic exposure in arsenic metabolism and the role of arsenic metabolism in disease development. https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP577 Received: 01 June 2016 Revised: 26 February 2017 Acce...
Source: EHP Research - August 2, 2017 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Daniil Lyalko Tags: Research Source Type: research
MicroRNAs Mediated MMP Regulation: Current Diagnostic and Therapeutic Strategies for Metabolic Syndrome.
Abstract Metabolic syndrome (MS) is a global socioeconomic problem rapidly progressing in accordance with increasing body mass index (BMI) and age. It is a consortium of risk factors, such as dyslipidaemia, insulin resistance, leptin resistance, reduced adiponectin, glucose intolerance, hyperglycemia, and hypertension. Collectively, these factors accelerate the onset of type 2 diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, stroke, and certain cancers such as breast, liver pancreatic, and colon cancer. Extracellular matrix (ECM) and basement membrane remodeling play a central role during pathogenesis of MS as they regu...
Source: Current Gene Therapy - July 7, 2017 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Saxena S, Jain A, Rani V Tags: Curr Gene Ther Source Type: research
KCa3.1 Channel Modulators as Potential Therapeutic Compounds for Glioblastoma.
This article will briefly review the available compounds (TRAM-34, senicapoc, NS6180), their binding sites and mechanisms of action, and then discuss the potential usefulness of these compounds for the treatment of brain tumors based on their brain penetration and their efficacy in reducing microglia activation in animal models of ischemic stroke and Alzheimer's disease. Senicapoc, which has previously been in Phase III clinical trials, would be available for repurposing, and could be used to quickly translate findings made with other KCa3.1 blocking tool compounds into clinical trials. PMID: 28676010 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Current Neuropharmacology - June 30, 2017 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Brown BM, Pressley B, Wulff H Tags: Curr Neuropharmacol Source Type: research
Recurrent brain ischaemia and deep vein thrombosis: the clot thickens.
We describe the assessment of this presentation and discuss the causes and management of cancer-related stroke. PMID: 28578318 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Practical Neurology - June 3, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Turner D, Scully M, Stone S, Werring DJ Tags: Pract Neurol Source Type: research
Two older drugs could be 'repurposed' to fight dementia
Conclusion This early stage experimental research has demonstrated a beneficial neurological effect of trazodone and dibenzoylmethane on mice with diseases mimicking neurodegenerative diseases. It is important to acknowledge that this is animal research and therefore the drugs might not have the same effect when they are trialled on humans. That being said, trazodone is already an approved drug for depression and sleep problems and has therefore already passed safety tests. If the mechanisms of neurodegeneration in humans and mice are similar, it is possible trazodone could be used in the future in treating Alzheimer's and...
Source: NHS News Feed - April 20, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Older people Neurology Medication Source Type: news
Cheap stroke drug boosts pancreatic cancer survival in mice
A drug used in Asia for decades to treat strokes has been found to soften the armour of pancreatic tumours, making them vulnerable to chemotherapy
Source: New Scientist - Health - April 5, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: research
Assessing the Safety of Sitagliptin in Older Participants in the Trial Evaluating Cardiovascular Outcomes with Sitagliptin (TECOS)
CONCLUSIONS Among older patients with well-controlled type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease, sitagliptin had neutral effects on cardiovascular risk and raised no significant safety concerns.
Source: Diabetes Care - March 20, 2017 Category: Endocrinology Authors: Bethel, M. A.; Engel, S. S.; Green, J. B.; Huang, Z.; Josse, R. G.; Kaufman, K. D.; Standl, E.; Suryawanshi, S.; Van de Werf, F.; McGuire, D. K.; Peterson, E. D.; Holman, R. R.; for the TECOS Study Group Tags: Emerging Science and Concepts for Management of Diabetes and Aging Source Type: research
Identifying ischemic stroke associated with cancer: a multiple model derived from a case –control analysis
AbstractIschemic stroke in patients with cancer is thought to be associated with a worse prognosis and might be the initial symptom of an unknown malignancy. However, diagnostic algorithms to reliably identify cancer-associated stroke have not been developed. In this retrospective single-centre analysis, 68 patients with ischemic stroke and an active solid malignancy were identified. Neurological assessment and outcome, cardiovascular risk factors, neuroimaging studies as well as laboratory findings were compared to 68 age- and sex-matched control subjects with ischemic stroke without diagnosis of cancer. Lung, pancreatic ...
Source: Journal of Neurology - February 27, 2017 Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Intra-hospital correlations among 30-day mortality rates in 18 different clinical and surgical settings
Conclusions</div>The variability in 30-day mortality rates at hospital level and the correlation between risk mortality rates suggest that there may be common hospital-wide factors influencing short-term mortality.</span>
Source: International Journal for Quality in Health Care - January 31, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research
A woman with recurrent vomiting and body cramps
Clinical introduction A 68-year-old woman with pancreatic cancer undergoing chemotherapy presented to the emergency department with a week of vomiting and body cramps. Vital signs were: BP 130/70 mm Hg; HR 80 bpm; RR 14 bpm and oxygen saturation 100% while breathing ambient air. Laboratory investigations showed normal calcium, magnesium and albumin levels; hypokalaemia level at 2.3 mmol/L (normal range 3.5–5.0 mmol/L) and bicarbonate level at 42 mmol/L (normal range 22–29 mmol/L). While the nurse was taking vital signs, the patient complained of a right hand cramp (figure...
Source: Emergency Medicine Journal - November 23, 2015 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Yildiz, H., Dupriez, F. Tags: Pancreas and biliary tract, EMJ Image Challenge, Stroke, Ethics Source Type: research
Diagnostic dilemmas in a patient with multivascular embolic stroke.
We describe a patient admitted to the intensive care unit with aphasia, which was due to an embolic ischaemic cerebral stroke associated with a previously unknown patent foramen ovale. Eventually, this finding during echocardiography led us to the diagnosis of pancreatic cancer. The thrombotic complications of pancreatic cancer, in combination with a large, patent foramen ovale, support the mechanism of a paradoxical embolism through the patent foramen ovale as the cause of cerebral ischaemic stroke. PMID: 26031637 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Netherlands Heart Journal - June 2, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Delsing CP, van Duijnhoven M, Arnoldussen C, le Noble J Tags: Neth Heart J Source Type: research
New Cancer Diagnosis Linked to Increased Stroke Risk New Cancer Diagnosis Linked to Increased Stroke Risk
A diagnosis of cancer -- particularly lung, pancreatic, or colorectal cancer -- is associated with an increased short-term risk for stroke, a new study suggests. Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines - January 9, 2015 Category: Neurology Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Source Type: news
Association between Incident Cancer and Subsequent Stroke
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Source: Annals of Neurology - December 1, 2014 Category: Neurology Authors: Babak B. Navi, Anne S. Reiner, Hooman Kamel, Costantino Iadecola, Mitchell S.V. Elkind, Katherine S. Panageas, Lisa M. DeAngelis Tags: Research Article Source Type: research