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Total 218 results found since Jan 2013.

ERLEADA ® (apalutamide) Oral Presentations Demonstrate Importance of Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) as Key Efficacy Indicator and Show Strong Patient Adherence Rates
September 11, 2021 (RARITAN, N.J.) – The Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson & Johnson today announced new data demonstrating robust prostate-specific antigen (PSA) response and strong adherence rates in patients with non-metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (nmCRPC) treated with ERLEADA® (apalutamide) in the real-world clinical setting. The strong PSA response was also seen in a separate post-hoc analysis that showed a correlation between rapid and deep PSA response and prolonged survival in both metastatic castration-sensitive prostate cancer (mCSPC) and nmCRPC. The post-hoc analysis also suppor...
Source: Johnson and Johnson - September 12, 2021 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

Janssen Demonstrates Commitment to Advancing Science and Innovation in the Treatment of Solid Tumors at ESMO Annual Congress
September 8, 2021 (RARITAN, N.J.) – The Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson & Johnson announced today that more than ten data presentations from its lung cancer, bladder cancer and prostate cancer portfolio and pipeline will be featured during the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) Annual Congress 2021 virtual meeting, September 16–21. Further details about these data and the science Janssen is advancing will be made available throughout ESMO via the Janssen Oncology Virtual Newsroom.“With a diverse oncology portfolio and pipeline spanning bladder cancer, lung cancer and prostate cancer, Janssen...
Source: Johnson and Johnson - September 8, 2021 Category: Pharmaceuticals Tags: Innovation Source Type: news

Striving to Deliver Better Outcomes: Janssen to Showcase Commitment to Advancing Science for Genitourinary Cancers at AUA 2021
August 31, 2021 (RARITAN, N.J.) – The Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson & Johnson announced today multiple company-sponsored presentations in prostate and bladder cancers will be highlighted at the virtual 2021 American Urological Association Annual Meeting (AUA 2021), September 10-13. “Janssen maintains a strong commitment to advancing innovation and new therapeutic options for patients with genitourinary malignancies. As the treatment of genitourinary cancers becomes more complex, we continue to work with urologists and their teams to improve outcomes for patients across the continuum of disease,” sai...
Source: Johnson and Johnson - August 31, 2021 Category: Pharmaceuticals Tags: Our Company Source Type: news

Therapeutic efficacy of heparin and direct factor Xa inhibitors in cancer-associated cryptogenic ischemic stroke with venous thromboembolism
Anticoagulation therapy, especially using heparin or recently developed oral direct factor Xa inhibitors (DiXals), is recommended as first-line treatment for cancer-related venous thromboembolism (VTE). However, the preventive efficacy of these anticoagulants for cancer-associated ischemic stroke is still unknown. We retrospectively investigated the efficacy of subcutaneous unfractionated heparin (UFH) and DiXals for preventing the recurrence of cancer-associated cryptogenic ischemic stroke with VTE.
Source: Thrombosis Research - August 23, 2021 Category: Hematology Authors: Genpei Yamaura, Takeshi Ito, Yosuke Miyaji, Naohisa Ueda, Yoshiharu Nakae, Takayuki Momoo, Tatsu Nakano, Yuji Johmura, Yuichi Higashiyama, Hideto Joki, Hiroshi Doi, Hideyuki Takeuchi, Tatsuya Takahashi, Shigeru Koyano, Shigeki Yamaguchi, Mutsumi Yokoyama, Source Type: research

Direct oral anticoagulant use in special populations
Purpose of review The pivotal phase III trials demonstrating efficacy and safety of direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) in the treatment of venous thromboembolism (VTE) or nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) excluded patients with important and common comorbidities, including obesity, advanced chronic kidney disease, cirrhosis, cancer and antiphospholipid antibody syndrome. Despite the lack of large prospective randomized control trials in these patient populations, the use of DOACs has led to a wealth of efficacy and safety data within these groups. Recent findings Retrospective studies, meta-analyses, nation...
Source: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine - August 11, 2021 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: DISORDERS OF THE PULMONARY CIRCULATION: Edited by Steven D. Nathan, Christopher King and Oksana A. Shlobin Source Type: research

Anticoagulation in special patient populations with atrial fibrillation
Herz. 2021 Jul 5. doi: 10.1007/s00059-021-05042-1. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAnticoagulation in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) should be guided by considerations of the risk of thromboembolism, stroke, and bleeding as well as the patient's preference. Well-recognized scores have been developed to help the clinician in daily risk assessment, but there are several special patient populations for whom scores are not developed or validated. Furthermore, these patients were not adequately represented in the pivotal randomized trials for non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs). In patients with cancer, t...
Source: Herz - July 5, 2021 Category: Cardiology Authors: Laura Ueberham Gerhard Hindricks Source Type: research

Cardiovascular Toxicity of Androgen Deprivation Therapy
AbstractPurpose of ReviewAndrogen deprivation therapy (ADT) is the standard of care for the treatment of advanced prostate cancer (PC). ADT, particularly with GnRH agonists, leads to increased risk of cardiovascular disease, including myocardial infarction, hypertension, and stroke. This review discusses the options of ADT, the mechanism of ADT-associated cardiovascular side effects, and potential benefit by using GnRH antagonists.Recent FindingsGnRH antagonists have relatively less cardiovascular adverse effects compared to GnRH agonists. We highlight on a recently published phase III clinical trial on the oral GnRH antag...
Source: Current Cardiology Reports - July 3, 2021 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Optimal Management of Anticoagulation Therapy in Asian Patients With Atrial Fibrillation
Circ J. 2021 Jun 5. doi: 10.1253/circj.CJ-21-0399. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTStroke prevention is the cornerstone of management of atrial fibrillation (AF), and non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) are commonly prescribed. Because routine monitoring of anticoagulant effects of NOACs is not necessary, appropriate dosing following the criteria of each NOACs defined in pivotal randomized trials is important. Real-world data demonstrate that underdosing NOACs is associated with a higher risk of ischemic stroke without a lower risk of major bleeding. Furthermore, renal function of AF patients should be asses...
Source: Circulation Journal - June 7, 2021 Category: Cardiology Authors: Wen-Han Cheng Yi-Hsin Chan Jo-Nan Liao Ling Kuo Shih-Ann Chen Tze-Fan Chao Source Type: research

Implementation of Oral Anticoagulation Treatment Guidelines in Patients with Newly Diagnosed Atrial Fibrillation
CONCLUSION: Despite the increasing OAC treatment rates among high risk AF patients, mainly attributed to the expanding DOAC use, OAC treatment scope is still far from optimal.PMID:33982796 | DOI:10.1111/bcp.14899
Source: Clinical Colorectal Cancer - May 13, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Anat Arbel Zomoroda Abu-Ful Meir Preis Shai Cohen Walid Saliba Source Type: research

Safety and efficacy of new oral anticoagulants compared to those of warfarin in AF patients with cancer: a meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials and observational studies
ConclusionOur meta-analysis confirms that NOACs are as safe and effective as warfarin and can be applied in the real world; this data can serve as a reference for clinical doctors for formulating treatment strategies.
Source: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology - April 1, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Janssen Announces U.S. FDA Approval of PONVORY ™ (ponesimod), an Oral Treatment for Adults with Relapsing Multiple Sclerosis Proven Superior to Aubagio® (teriflunomide) in Reducing Annual Relapses and Brain Lesions
TITUSVILLE, N.J. – (March 19, 2021) – The Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson & Johnson today announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved PONVORY™ (ponesimod), a once-daily oral selective sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor 1 (S1P1) modulator, to treat adults with relapsing forms of multiple sclerosis (MS), to include clinically isolated syndrome, relapsing-remitting disease and active secondary progressive disease.1,2,3 PONVORY™ offers MS patients superior efficacy in reducing annualized relapse rates compared to an established oral therapy and a proven safety profile backed by ove...
Source: Johnson and Johnson - March 19, 2021 Category: Pharmaceuticals Tags: Innovation Source Type: news

Current status of oral anticoagulant adherence in Japanese patients with atrial fibrillation: A claims database analysis
CONCLUSION: In a real-world Japanese claim data analysis, about 70% of patients under DOAC showed persistence with anticoagulation therapy at 3 years. High adherence to DOACs assessed by PDC (over 90%) persisted to 3 years regardless of the types of DOACs.PMID:33663881 | DOI:10.1016/j.jjcc.2021.02.007
Source: Journal of Cardiology - March 5, 2021 Category: Cardiology Authors: Naoharu Yagi Shinya Suzuki Katsuhiko Nagai Takashi Tanaka Takayoshi Nagahama Takuto Arita Takayuki Otsuka Takeshi Yamashita Source Type: research

Novel Bleeding Risk Score for Patients with Atrial Fibrillation on Oral Anticoagulants, including Direct Oral Anticoagulants.
CONCLUSION: In this prospective cohort study of AF patients and predominantly DOAC users, we successfully derived a bleeding risk prediction model with good calibration and discrimination. PMID: 33501722 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Thrombosis and Haemostasis - January 27, 2021 Category: Hematology Authors: Adam L, Feller M, Syrogiannouli L, Del-Giovane C, Donzé J, Baumgartner C, Segna D, Floriani C, Roten L, Fischer U, Aeschbacher S, Moschovitis G, Schläpfer J, Shah D, Amman P, Kobza R, Schwenkglenks M, Kühne M, Bonati L, Beer J, Osswald S, Conen D, Auje Tags: J Thromb Haemost Source Type: research

Outcomes of Combined Antegrade –Retrograde Dilations for Radiation-Induced Esophageal Strictures in Head and Neck Cancer Patients
AbstractThe purpose of this study is to analyze outcomes of combined antegrade –retrograde dilations (CARD). This retrospective study was conducted on 14 patients with a history of head and neck cancer, treated with radiation therapy that was complicated by either complete or near-complete esophageal stenosis. All patients had minimal oral intake and depended on a gastrostom y tube for nutrition. Swallow function before and after CARD was assessed using the Functional Oral Intake Scale, originally developed for stroke patients and applied to head and neck cancer patients. Patients undergoing CARD demonstrated a quantifia...
Source: Dysphagia - January 2, 2021 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Recurrence of ischemic stroke on direct oral anticoagulant therapy in a patient with marantic endocarditis related to lung cancer
Publication date: Available online 24 November 2020Source: Journal of Cardiology CasesAuthor(s): Emilie Panicucci, Chiara Bruno, Victoria Ferrari, Laurent Suissa
Source: Journal of Cardiology Cases - November 25, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Different Risk Profiles of European Patients Using Direct Oral Anticoagulants or Vitamin K Antagonists: a Rapid Review
AbstractPurpose of ReviewWe investigated the risk profiles of patients using direct oral anticoagulants (DOAC) or vitamin K antagonists (VKA) in European cohort studies to estimate the importance of potential (measured or unmeasured) confounding factors in analyses comparing these drugs. We searched MEDLINE and EMBASE (2008 –2018) for relevant studies and extracted information on age, sex, comorbidity, Charlson comorbidity index, HAS-BLED score (assessing risk of bleeding) and CHA2DS2-VASc score (assessing risk of stroke).Recent FindingsOverall, 66 studies with 2,808,757 patients were included. Most patients were from Fr...
Source: Current Epidemiology Reports - November 14, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Voice perturbations under the stress overload in young individuals: phenotyping and suboptimal health as predictors for cascading pathologies
AbstractVerbal communication is one of the most sophisticated human motor skills reflecting both —the mental and physical health of an individual. Voice parameters and quality changes are usually secondary towards functional and/or structural laryngological alterations under specific systemic processes, syndrome and pathologies. These include but are not restricted to dry mouth and Sicca synd romes, body dehydration, hormonal alterations linked to pubertal, menopausal, and andropausal status, respiratory disorders, gastrointestinal reflux, autoimmune diseases, endocrinologic disorders, underweight versus overweight and o...
Source: EPMA Journal - November 12, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

eAssist Dental Health Education Foundation Goes Over and Above to Drive Systemic Health
 Helping patients help themselves stay their healthiest SALT LAKE CITY, Oct. 26, 2020 /PRNewswire/ -- eAssist Dental Solutions, the nation ' s leading provider of virtual insurance and patient billing services for dental offices, proudly launches its new Dental Health Education Foundation, a nonprofit organization on a mission to spread awareness of the importance of dental cleanings. This year COVID-19 has helped bring to the attention of the public the devastating impact of inflammation on the body. Specifically, that increased systemic inflammation – which can be caused by oral inflammation du...
Source: Dental Technology Blog - November 7, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: news

Oral mucosal changes induced by adjuvant endocrine therapies in breast cancer patients: clinical aspects and proposal for management
AbstractAdjuvant systemic treatments in breast cancer are indicated to reduce the risk of relapse. Their systemic side effects have been well documented and include menopausal symptoms such as impaired libido and vaginal dryness, increased risk of endometrial cancer, stroke, musculoskeletal symptoms including arthralgia and myalgia, osteopenia and fractures, skin rashes, and hypercholesterolemia. However, few articles have focused on the oral mucosal reactions related to adjuvant endocrine therapies (AETs) which clearly differ from those reported with chemotherapies or other targeted therapies used for breast cancer. AETs ...
Source: Supportive Care in Cancer - November 2, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Potential effects of noxious chemical-containing fine particulate matter on oral health through reactive oxygen species-mediated oxidative stress: promising clues.
Abstract Nowadays, air pollution which is dominated by fine particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter less than or equal to 2.5 microns resulting from rapid industrialization and urbanization combined with population explosion has become more and more severe problem to mankind and the whole planet because of its diversity of deleterious effects. The latest data estimated that exposure to fine particulate matter, or PM2.5, contributes to approximately 4 million deaths worldwide due to cardiopulmonary conditions such as heart disease and stroke, respiratory infections, chronic lung disease and lung cancer. During...
Source: Biochemical Pharmacology - October 15, 2020 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Thuy Tien Vo T, Wu CZ, Lee IT Tags: Biochem Pharmacol Source Type: research

Johnson & Johnson Reports 2020 Third-Quarter Results
New Brunswick, N.J. (October 13, 2020) – Johnson & Johnson (NYSE: JNJ) today announced results for third-quarter 2020. “Our third-quarter results reflect solid performance and positive trends across Johnson & Johnson, powered by better-than-expected procedure recovery in Medical Devices, growth in Consumer Health, and continued strength in Pharmaceuticals,” said Alex Gorsky, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer. “I am proud of the relentless passion and Credo-led commitment to patients and customers that our colleagues around the world continue to demonstrate as we boldly fight the COVID-19 pandemic. Our wo...
Source: Johnson and Johnson - October 13, 2020 Category: Pharmaceuticals Tags: Our Company Source Type: news

Direct oral anticoagulants versus vitamin K antagonists in patients with atrial fibrillation and cancer a meta-analysis
ConclusionsIn comparison to VKA, DOACs were associated with a significant reduction of the rates of thromboembolic events and major bleeding complications in patients with AF and cancer. Further studies are needed to confirm our results.
Source: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis - October 12, 2020 Category: Hematology Source Type: research

The anticoagulation dilemma and future treatment avenues in patients with breast cancer and atrial fibrillation
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia, with a substantial rise in global incidence and prevalence. Ischemic stroke is a frequent complication of AF, since AF perfectly fulfills Virchow's triad of blood stasis, vascular damage and hypercoagulation, making oral anticoagulation (OAC) obligatory for stroke prevention. Direct oral anticoagulants (DOAC), such as dabigatran, which inhibits thrombin, and apixaban, edoxaban and rivaroxaban, which block the activated coagulation factor X (FXa), have some advantages and are largely replacing coumarin-based OAC.
Source: International Journal of Cardiology - September 30, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Anke C. Fender, Dobromir Dobrev Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Direct oral anticoagulants in the prevention of stroke in breast cancer patients with atrial fibrillation during adjuvant endocrine therapy: A cohort study
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a frequent comorbidity in malignant patients. Anticancer therapies complicate anticoagulant strategy. We evaluated the safety and efficacy of long-term use of direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) in breast cancer women.
Source: International Journal of Cardiology - September 11, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Renata Pacholczak-Madej, Stanis ława Bazan-Socha, Lech Zaręba, Anetta Undas, Jerzy Dropiński Source Type: research

The resolution of carotid arterial thrombus by oral anticoagulation after IV thrombolysis for chemotherapy-induced stroke: A case report
Rationale: Cancer-related stroke has been regarded as an emerging subtype of ischemic event. Acute treatment for this subtype may include the antiplatelet agents, anticoagulants, or endovascular intervention. Patient concerns: A 63-year-old woman with sudden-onset right hemiparesis and conscious change was sent to our emergency department. The patient had underlying sigmoid adenocarcinoma and received chemotherapy FOLFIRI (FOL, folinic acid; F, fluorouracil; and IRI, irinotecan) with targeted therapy cetuximab following lower anterior resection since the diagnosis was made. Diagnoses: Brain magnetic resonance angio...
Source: Medicine - August 28, 2020 Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research

Cancers, Vol. 12, Pages 616: Radiotherapy Is Associated with an Accelerated Risk of Ischemic Stroke in Oral Cavity Cancer Survivors after Primary Surgery
In conclusion, radiotherapy increased the risk of ischemic stroke by 68% and also accelerated the onset of stroke in long-term OCC survivors after primary surgery compared with matched normal controls. Secondary prevention should include stroke as a late complication in OCC survivorship programs.
Source: Cancers - March 5, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Feng-Che Kuan Kuan-Der Lee Shiang-Fu Huang Ping-Tsung Chen Cih-En Huang Ting-Yao Wang Min-Chi Chen Tags: Article Source Type: research

Stroke Dysbiosis Index (SDI) in Gut Microbiome Are Associated With Brain Injury and Prognosis of Stroke
Conclusions: We developed an index to measure gut microbiota dysbiosis in stroke patients; this index was significantly correlated with patients' outcome and was causally related to outcome in a mouse model of stroke. Our model facilitates the potential clinical application of gut microbiota data in stroke and adds quantitative evidence linking the gut microbiota to stroke. Introduction Ischemic stroke imposes a heavy burden on society, with 24.9 million cases worldwide (1). Although intravenous thrombolysis and endovascular treatment greatly improve some patients' prognosis, the prognosis for most pa...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - April 23, 2019 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

A Genetic Variant of miR-34a Contributes to Susceptibility of Ischemic Stroke Among Chinese Population
This study was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 81560552, 81260234), Natural Science Foundation of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region (CN) (2017JJA180826), Innovation Project of Guangxi Graduate Education (CN) (201601009) and Key Laboratory Open Project Fund of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region (CN) (kfkt20160064). Conflict of Interest Statement The authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest. Supplementary Material The Supplementary Material for this article can be fou...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - April 23, 2019 Category: Physiology Source Type: research

Edoxaban for the prevention of stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation.
Authors: Cervantes CE, Merino JL, Barrios V Abstract INTRODUCTION: Edoxaban is the last direct oral anticoagulant marketed for the prevention of stroke among patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (AF). Areas covered: ENGAGE AF-TIMI 48 was the pivotal clinical trial that led to the approval of edoxaban 60 mg once daily. After the publication of this study, a great number of substudies and post hoc analyses have been published, together with some observational studies. The aim of this review was to update the current evidence about the use of edoxaban in AF patients. Expert commentary: In the ENGAGE AF-TIMI 4...
Source: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy - March 24, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: Expert Rev Cardiovasc Ther Source Type: research

Abstract 14: The Influence of Provider Specialty on Anticoagulation Prescription Fills and Stroke Risk in Atrial Fibrillation Patients With History of Cancer Session Title: Poster Session Reception: Young Investigator Award Semi-Finalists
Conclusion: AF patients with cancer were less likely to see a cardiologist, and less likely to fill an anticoagulant prescription than AF patients without cancer. However, cardiology involvement was associated with increased anticoagulant prescription fills and reduced risk of stroke, suggesting a beneficial role for cardiology providers to improve outcomes in AF patients with history of cancer.
Source: Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes - April 5, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: ONeal, W. T., Claxton, J., MacLehose, R., Chen, L., Bengtson, L. G., Chamberlain, A. M., Norby, F., Lutsey, P., Alonso, A. Tags: Session Title: Poster Session Reception: Young Investigator Award Semi-Finalists Source Type: research

Treatment of Cryptogenic Stroke with Active Cancer with a New Oral Anticoagulant
Low-molecular weight heparin (LMWH) was shown to be effective and safe in treating venous thromboembolism, and generally used for stroke in cancer patients, but its effects on stroke are unclear. We compared clinical outcomes between LMWH and new oral anticoagulant (NOAC) in patients with cancer-related stroke.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - August 23, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Ki-Woong Nam, Chi Kyung Kim, Tae Jung Kim, Sang Joon An, Kyungmi Oh, Sang-Bae Ko, Byung-Woo Yoon Source Type: research

Ischemic stroke in cancer patients treated with direct oral anticoagulants for venous thromboembolism
Direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) are at least as efficacious as conventional anticoagulation therapy for the initial and long-term treatment of cancer patients with venous thromboembolism (VTE). Whether DOACs are non-inferior to low-molecular-weight heparin for the management of cancer patients with VTE is under investigation. In addition, the efficacy of DOACs for the treatment of cancer patients with arterial thrombosis (e.g., ischemic stroke) remains unclear. Herein, we report on two cancer patients admitted to our hospital with Stage IV gastric adenocarcinoma who were being treated with DOACs due to a history of VTE ...
Source: Thrombosis Research - March 31, 2017 Category: Hematology Authors: Yasufumi Gon, Manabu Sakaguchi, Junji Takasugi, Hideki Mochizuki Tags: Letter to the Editors-in-Chief Source Type: research

Cessation of oral anticoagulation is an important risk factor for stroke and mortality in atrial fibrillation patients.
In conclusion, in non-valvular AF patients, cessation of OAC was independently associated with the risk of stroke, adverse cardiovascular events and mortality. Bleeding events and some variables associated with higher bleeding risk are responsible for OAC cessation. PMID: 28331926 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Thrombosis and Haemostasis - March 23, 2017 Category: Hematology Authors: Rivera-Caravaca JM, Roldán V, Esteve-Pastor MA, Valdés M, Vicente V, Lip GY, Marín F Tags: Thromb Haemost Source Type: research

Venous Thrombotic Recurrence After Cerebral Venous Thrombosis Clinical Sciences
Conclusions—In our cohort of CVT patients followed on average for>6 years, subjects with a previous venous thrombotic event, cancer/malignant hemopathies, and unknown CVT causes were found to be at higher risk of recurrence.
Source: Stroke - January 22, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Paola Palazzo, Pierre Agius, Pierre Ingrand, Jonathan Ciron, Matthias Lamy, Aline Berthomet, Paul Cantagrel, Jean-Philippe Neau Tags: Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research

Evaluating the Primary Prevention of Ischemic Stroke of Oral Antithrombotic Therapy in Head and Neck Cancer Patients with Radiation Therapy.
Abstract Although previous studies demonstrated the risk of ischemic stroke (IS) in patients with head and neck cancer (HNC), the impact of oral antithrombotic therapy (OAT) on this risk has not yet been assessed. We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of OAT in patients with HNC treated with RT. This retrospective cohort study was performed using the National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan. A total of 37,638 patients diagnosed with HNC included in the study were classified as users and nonusers of OAT. Primary outcome was IS or transient ischemic attack (TIA), and secondary outcomes were ...
Source: Biomed Res - December 20, 2016 Category: Research Authors: Hsu CW, Huang YB, Kuo CC, Chen CY Tags: Biomed Res Int Source Type: research

Neck dissection and stroke in patients with oral cavity cancer: A population ‐based cohort study
ConclusionOur data demonstrate that neck dissection does not increase the risk of stroke in patients with oral cavity cancer. Patients have higher risk of stroke after cancer treatment because of their older age, specific comorbidities, and/or type of postoperative treatment. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Head Neck, 2016
Source: Head and Neck - July 19, 2016 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Chia ‐Fan Chang, Yen‐Ling Kuo, Christy Pu, Yiing‐Jenq Chou Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Neck dissection and stroke in patients with oral cavity cancer: A population‐based cohort study
ConclusionOur data demonstrate that neck dissection does not increase the risk of stroke in patients with oral cavity cancer. Patients have higher risk of stroke after cancer treatment because of their older age, specific comorbidities, and/or type of postoperative treatment. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Head Neck, 2016
Source: Head and Neck - July 19, 2016 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Chia‐Fan Chang, Yen‐Ling Kuo, Christy Pu, Yiing‐Jenq Chou Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Cancer as a risk factor for stroke in atrial fibrillation patients receiving long-term oral anticoagulant therapy
cancer and cerebrovascular disease are among the most common causes of death in the developed countries and are both associated with a steep increase in incidence among the elderly population. Despite being a less frequent neurological complication in cancer patients, compared to metastases or neurotoxicity from anticancer treatment, stroke incidence in cancer patients is high [1]. The pathophysiology of stroke in cancer patients is largely unknown [2] and can be attributed to cardiac or non-cardiac embolism.
Source: Thrombosis Research - June 18, 2015 Category: Hematology Authors: Gentian Denas, Vittorio Pengo, Roberta Joppi, Paolo Prandoni Source Type: research

Intraoperative stroke in the mandibular osteoradionecrosis: A case report
Publication date: January 2015 Source:Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Medicine, and Pathology, Volume 27, Issue 1 Author(s): Ryo Sasaki , Chie Kagawa , Toshihiro Okamoto , Tomohiro Ando Although risk factors for perioperative stroke during head and neck surgery are known, the risk of perioperative stroke in osteoradionecrosis (ORN) patients is scarcely known. Sixty-seven-year-old male presented ORN in the mandible after 9 years docetaxel, cisplatin, and 5-fluorouracil (TPF) chemo, and 66Gy radiation therapies for the oropharynx cancer, which was diagnosed Marx's classification class II. After pre-operative hyp...
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Medicine, and Pathology - January 1, 2015 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Recurrent Ischemic Stroke in a Patient with the Trousseau Syndrome Treated with Dabigatran
A 70-year-old man with multiple ischemic strokes was diagnosed with cardiac embolism and treated with dabigatran. Three months later, he suddenly developed vertigo and vomiting. Magnetic resonance imaging, showed recurrent lesions and blood tests revealed hypercoagulability, hypoproteinemia, and elevated cytokeratin 19 fragments that serve as a tumor marker of lung cancer. Chest computed tomography showed there were small nodules in bilateral lungs and swollen mediastinal lymph nodes. A conclusive diagnosis was impossible because the patient declined invasive procedures. We suspected primary lung cancer and diagnosed conco...
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - February 21, 2014 Category: Neurology Authors: Kosuke Yoshida, Takashi Kimura, Yoko Aburakawa, Yasuhiro Suzuki, Kenji Kuroda, Osamu Yahara Tags: Case Reports Source Type: research