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Total 184 results found since Jan 2013.

The anticoagulation dilemma and future treatment avenues in patients with breast cancer and atrial fibrillation
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia, with a substantial rise in global incidence and prevalence. Ischemic stroke is a frequent complication of AF, since AF perfectly fulfills Virchow's triad of blood stasis, vascular damage and hypercoagulation, making oral anticoagulation (OAC) obligatory for stroke prevention. Direct oral anticoagulants (DOAC), such as dabigatran, which inhibits thrombin, and apixaban, edoxaban and rivaroxaban, which block the activated coagulation factor X (FXa), have some advantages and are largely replacing coumarin-based OAC.
Source: International Journal of Cardiology - September 30, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Anke C. Fender, Dobromir Dobrev Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Direct oral anticoagulants in the prevention of stroke in breast cancer patients with atrial fibrillation during adjuvant endocrine therapy: A cohort study
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a frequent comorbidity in malignant patients. Anticancer therapies complicate anticoagulant strategy. We evaluated the safety and efficacy of long-term use of direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) in breast cancer women.
Source: International Journal of Cardiology - September 11, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Renata Pacholczak-Madej, Stanis ława Bazan-Socha, Lech Zaręba, Anetta Undas, Jerzy Dropiński Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 6348: Coexistence of Lack of Clinical Manifestation of Oral Mycosis and Systemic Diseases in Edentulous Patients Using Removable Prosthetic Restorations
Conclusions: The occurrence of systemic diseases in edentulous people using removable prosthetic restorations, and the subsequent use of medications for these diseases, may result in a lack of clinical symptoms of concomitant fungal infection of the oral mucosa.
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - August 30, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Gacon Wieczorek Tags: Article Source Type: research

The resolution of carotid arterial thrombus by oral anticoagulation after IV thrombolysis for chemotherapy-induced stroke: A case report
Rationale: Cancer-related stroke has been regarded as an emerging subtype of ischemic event. Acute treatment for this subtype may include the antiplatelet agents, anticoagulants, or endovascular intervention. Patient concerns: A 63-year-old woman with sudden-onset right hemiparesis and conscious change was sent to our emergency department. The patient had underlying sigmoid adenocarcinoma and received chemotherapy FOLFIRI (FOL, folinic acid; F, fluorouracil; and IRI, irinotecan) with targeted therapy cetuximab following lower anterior resection since the diagnosis was made. Diagnoses: Brain magnetic resonance angio...
Source: Medicine - August 28, 2020 Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research

Direct oral Xa inhibitors versus warfarin in patients with cancer and atrial fibrillation: a meta-analysis
Conclusion In patients with cancer and atrial fibrillation, direct oral Xa inhibitors have a similar efficacy and may be safer compared with warfarin. These results are consistent both in patients with active cancer and history of cancer.
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine - July 30, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Research articles: Arrhythmias Source Type: research

Cinnamon May Slow Progression To Type 2 Diabetes, Boston Study Finds
(CNN) — Cinnamon may improve blood sugar control in people with a condition known as prediabetes and may slow the progression to type 2 diabetes, according to a new pilot study of 51 people with elevated blood sugars. “We are looking for safe, durable and cost-effective approaches to reduce the progression from prediabetes to type 2 diabetes,” said study author Dr. Giulio Romeo, a staff physician at Boston’s Joslin Diabetes Center and the division of endocrinology at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center. The study published Tuesday in the Journal of the Endocrine Society. “Our 12-week study sh...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - July 21, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Health – CBS Boston Tags: Boston News Health Syndicated CBSN Boston Cinnamon CNN Diabetes Source Type: news

Direct oral anticoagulants: In which indications? Which one to prescribe? For or against their use in frail patients and in atypical cases? Which monitoring and management haemorrhage complications?
Authors: Hoffmann C, Leven C, Le Mao R, De Moreuil C, Lacut K Abstract Since their approval, the direct oral anticoagulants have been widely used in the management of venous thromboembolism, for stroke and systemic embolism prevention in non valvular atrial fibrillation, and in venous thromboembolism prophylaxis after surgical hip or knee replacement. Because they are easy to use, with oral fixed doses and no biological monitoring need, they are more and more prescribed. New indications are rising in cancer associated thrombosis in France beyond the 6 first months of treatment, and to prevent cardiovascular events ...
Source: Revue de Medecine Interne - July 19, 2020 Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Rev Med Interne Source Type: research

Effect of Chin ‐down‐plus‐larynx‐tightening maneuver on swallowing function after minimally invasive esophagectomy: A randomized controlled trail
ConclusionThe findings suggest that the Chin ‐down‐plus‐larynx‐tightening maneuver can improve swallowing function recovery and oral total food intake and calories in EC patients undergoing MIE.
Source: Cancer Medicine - July 5, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Funa Yang, Limin Zou, Lijuan Li, Qiyun Zou, Peinan Chen, Haibo Sun, Xianben Liu, Xiaoxia Xu Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

Novel Oral Anticoagulant versus Warfarin in Cancer Patients with Atrial Fibrillation: An 8-Year Population-Based Cohort Study
Conclusion: In cancer patients with AF, NOAC were associated with significant reduced IS/SE, major bleeding, and ICH compared to warfarin.
Source: Journal of Cancer - July 2, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Victor Chien-Chia Wu, Chun-Li Wang, Yu-Tung Huang, Wen-Ching Lan, Michael Wu, Chang-Fu Kuo, Shao-Wei Chen, Pao-Hsien Chu, Ming-Shien Wen, Chi-Ching Kuo, Shang-Hung Chang Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research

Advancements in the Treatment of Cerebrovascular Complications of Cancer
AbstractPurpose of reviewTo present the new guidelines and therapeutic options regarding cerebrovascular complications of cancer, mainly ischemic stroke, cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT), and leptomeningeal carcinomatosis (LMC).Recent findingsA temporal trend study (2019) revealed that clinicians are still reluctant to apply thrombolysis to cancer patients, although two new studies (2018) reported no increased mortality. Several clinical trials on direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) showed their superiority or, at least, non-inferiority compared with low molecular weight heparins in the treatment of venous thromboembolism (...
Source: Current Treatment Options in Neurology - April 29, 2020 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of the Adverse Effects of Levonorgestrel Emergency Oral Contraceptive
ConclusionsThe most common adverse effects of levonorgestrel were not serious. This systematic review shows that data regarding the adverse reactions of repeated use of levonorgestrel are scarce. Studies on the multiple uses of levonorgestrel emergency contraception are still required to ensure its safety.
Source: Clinical Drug Investigation - March 10, 2020 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Contemporary Meta-Analysis of Extended Direct Acting Oral Anticoagulant Thromboprophylaxis to Prevent Venous Thromboembolism Among Hospitalized Patients
There are over 36 million medical hospitalizations each year in the United States, with the majority being for acute medical illness.1 Cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, congestive heart failure, stroke and myocardial infarction are some of the most common indications for hospitalization and are additionally risk factors for venous thromboembolism.2 With over 900,000 patients suffering from venous thromboembolism each year, excess thrombosis causes a large medical and financial burden to patients and the health care system.
Source: The American Journal of Medicine - March 5, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Vikas Bhalla, Olivia F Lamping, Ahmed Abdel-Latif, Meenakshi Bhalla, Khaled Ziada, Susan S. Smyth Tags: Clinical Research Study Source Type: research

Cancers, Vol. 12, Pages 616: Radiotherapy Is Associated with an Accelerated Risk of Ischemic Stroke in Oral Cavity Cancer Survivors after Primary Surgery
In conclusion, radiotherapy increased the risk of ischemic stroke by 68% and also accelerated the onset of stroke in long-term OCC survivors after primary surgery compared with matched normal controls. Secondary prevention should include stroke as a late complication in OCC survivorship programs.
Source: Cancers - March 5, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Feng-Che Kuan Kuan-Der Lee Shiang-Fu Huang Ping-Tsung Chen Cih-En Huang Ting-Yao Wang Min-Chi Chen Tags: Article Source Type: research

Current Anticoagulant Usage Patterns and Determinants in Korean Patients with Nonvalvular Atrial Fibrillation.
CONCLUSION: Renal disease and history of valvular heart disease were associated with warfarin use, while cancer and smoking status were associated with direct OAC use in high stroke risk patients. The combination of antiplatelet agents with OAC was prescribed in 73.6% of patients without definite indications recommended by guidelines. PMID: 31997620 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Yonsei Medical Journal - January 31, 2020 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Ha HS, Kim J, Lee YS, Kim TH, Lee JM, Park J, Park JK, Kang KW, Shim J, Uhm JS, Park HW, Cha MJ, Choi EK, Kim J, Kim JB, Kim C, Joung B Tags: Yonsei Med J Source Type: research

Drug interactions and pharmacogenetic factors contribute to variation in apixaban concentration in atrial fibrillation patients in routine care
In this study, we assessed the impact of interacting medication and pharmacogenetic variation to better explain apixaban concentration differences among 358 Caucasian AF patients. Genotyping (ABCG2,ABCB1,CYP3A4*22,CYP3A5*3) was performed by TaqMan assays, and apixaban quantified by mass spectrometry. The typical patient was on average 77.2  years old, 85.5 kg, and had a serum creatinine of 103.1 µmol/L. Concomitant amiodarone, an antiarrhythmic agent and moderate CYP3A/ABCB1 inhibitor, the impaired-function variantABCG2 c.421C  >  A, and sex predicted higher apixaban concentrations when controlling for age, weig...
Source: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis - January 18, 2020 Category: Hematology Source Type: research

Diagnostic strategy of pulmonary embolism in the cardiology department of Ibn Rochd University hospital, Casablanca, Morocco
ConclusionManagement of pulmonary embolism in our cardiology department is characterized by the frequent use of non-invasive techniques on the diagnostic view and appeal to heparin on the therapeutic view.
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements - January 7, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Is there a role for low-dose DOACs as prophylaxis?
Authors: Cohen AT, Hunt BJ Abstract The direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) have transformed the management of thrombotic disorders. Large clinical trials have demonstrated that DOACs can replace vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) in the 2 existing major indications for anticoagulation: the prevention of stroke in atrial fibrillation and the acute treatment and secondary prevention of venous thromboembolism (VTE); this literature is widely known. In this article, we will concentrate on the less well-discussed benefits of the use of DOACs-using low doses as primary and secondary prophylaxis in both venous and arterial thro...
Source: Hematology ASH Education Program - December 7, 2019 Category: Hematology Tags: Hematology Am Soc Hematol Educ Program Source Type: research

Efficacy and Safety of Nonvitamin K Oral Anticoagulants in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation and Cancer: A Study-Level Meta-Analysis.
CONCLUSION:  In AF patients with malignancy, NOACs appear at least as effective as VKAs in preventing thrombotic events and reduce intracranial bleeding. NOACs may represent a valid and more practical alternative to VKAs in this setting of high-risk patients. PMID: 31785599 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Thrombosis and Haemostasis - November 29, 2019 Category: Hematology Authors: Cavallari I, Verolino G, Romano S, Patti G Tags: Thromb Haemost Source Type: research

Gastro-intestinal and oral microbiome signatures associated with healthy aging
AbstractThe human oral and gut microbiomes influence health via competition for a distinct niche in the body with pathogens, via metabolic capabilities that increase host digestive capacity and generate compounds engaged in signaling pathways and modulation of immune system functions. Old age alters our metabolic and regenerative capacity. Following recruitment of 65 human subjects in the age range of 70 to 82, we discerned healthy aging (HA) and non-healthy aging (NHA) cohorts discordant in the occurrence of one or more major diseases: (1) cancer, (2) acute or chronic cardiovascular diseases, (3) acute or chronic pulmonar...
Source: AGE - October 15, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Saliva-omics in Plasma Cell Disorders-proof of concept and potential as a non-invasive tool for monitoring disease burden and MRD status.
Salivaomics has exciting potential for the diagnosis and monitoring of malignancy, evidence of which has been reported in oral cancer, head and neck malignancies and ovarian cancer. It has been observed that approximately 40% of cancer, stroke and cardiovascular disease biomarkers are present in whole saliva. Salivaomics has become an area of great interest in disease diagnosis over the last number of years, following the footsteps of the other "omics ” based diagnostic tools. Saliva is a fast, inexpensive and non-invasive method of sample collection therefore it might be considered as the biofluid of choice for the diag...
Source: Clinical Lymphoma, Myeloma and Leukemia - September 30, 2019 Category: Hematology Authors: Ciara Tierney, Despina Bazou, Giao Le, Paul Dowling, Peter O'Gorman Source Type: research

Anticoagulation: Updated Guidelines for Outpatient Management.
Abstract Anticoagulation therapy is recommended for preventing, treating, and reducing the recurrence of venous thromboembolism, and preventing stroke in persons with atrial fibrillation. Direct oral anticoagulants are first-line agents for eligible patients for treating venous thromboembolism and preventing stroke in those with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation. Vitamin K antagonists are recommended for patients with mechanical valves and valvular atrial fibrillation. Vitamin K antagonists inhibit the production of vitamin K-related factors and require a minimum of five days overlap with parenteral anticoagulants, ...
Source: American Family Physician - September 30, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Wigle P, Hein B, Bernheisel CR Tags: Am Fam Physician Source Type: research

Comparative Effectiveness and Safety of Direct Oral Anticoagulants: Overview of Systematic Reviews
AbstractDirect oral anticoagulants are now recommended by major guidelines as first-choice agents for both stroke prevention in non-valvular atrial fibrillation and treatment/prevention of venous thromboembolism in non-cancer patients. Although there are no published head-to-head trials comparing different direct oral anticoagulants, a growing body of evidence from indirect comparisons and observational studies is suggesting that each direct oral anticoagulant may have a specific risk profile. This review aims to (1) synthesize and critically assess the latest evidence in comparative effectiveness and safety research in th...
Source: Drug Safety - September 23, 2019 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Utilization of oral anticoagulants in Korean nonvalvular atrial fibrillation patients
Conclusions The presence of comorbidities was linked to NOAC use over vitamin K antagonist, which is different from prescription factor studies in other countries and requires further study.
Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy - September 13, 2019 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Want To Live Longer? Study Suggests You Should Ditch Soda
This study, as well as other research on the connection between diet and sugary beverages and health risks, is observational and cannot show cause and effect. That’s a major limitation, researchers say, as it’s impossible to determine whether the association is due to a specific artificial sweetener, a type of beverage, obesity or another hidden health issue. “The cause behind these associations isn’t clear,” said Bergquist. “Other potential biological causes could be attributed to experimental evidence linking consumption of artificial sweeteners to sugar cravings, appetite stimulation ...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - September 3, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Health – CBS Boston Tags: Health News CNN Soda Source Type: news

Possible involvement of metformin in downregulation of neuroinflammation and associated behavioural changes in mice
This study was aimed at evaluating the effects of MET on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced systemic and neuroinflammation, oxidative stress, and behavioural changes. The study consisted of six groups, where three selected doses of MET (100, 200, and 300  mg/kg) were employed in male Swiss albino mice, with one group of imipramine (IMI), saline, and LPS each. Systemic inflammation was induced by injecting LPS (1.5 mg/kg) by intraperitoneal route. A battery of behavioural tests including open field, forced swim, and tail suspension tests were emplo yed to assess the impact of systemic inflammation on exploratory behaviour a...
Source: Inflammopharmacology - September 2, 2019 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

In vitro antioxidant, 𝛼-amylase and 𝛼-glucosidase activities of methanol extracts from three Momordica species
AbstractAntioxidant based drug preparations are used in the prevention and management of complex diseases which include atherosclerosis, stroke, diabetes, alzheimer ’s disease and cancer. Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder of glucose metabolism. The management of blood glucose level is the hallmark in the treatment of this ailment, which may be achieved through the use of oral hypoglycemic drugs such as biguanides, insulin secretagogues, and 𝛼-amyla se and glucosidase inhibitors. Although several biological activities had been reported for MomordicafoetidaandMomordicacharantia; it appears there is limited info...
Source: International Journal of Phytomedicine - August 25, 2019 Category: Science Authors: Olubunmi Adenike Akinwunmi Source Type: research

In vitro antioxidant, α-amylase and α-glucosidase activities of methanol extracts from three Momordica species
AbstractAntioxidant based drug preparations are used in the prevention and management of complex diseases which include atherosclerosis, stroke, diabetes, alzheimer ’s disease and cancer. Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder of glucose metabolism. The management of blood glucose level is the hallmark in the treatment of this ailment, which may be achieved through the use of oral hypoglycemic drugs such as biguanides, insulin secretagogues, and 𝛼-amyla se and glucosidase inhibitors. Although several biological activities had been reported for MomordicafoetidaandMomordicacharantia; it appears there is limited info...
Source: International Journal of Phytomedicine - August 25, 2019 Category: Science Authors: Oubunmi Adenike Akinwunmi Source Type: research

Cardiovascular, mortality, and kidney outcomes with GLP-1 receptor agonists in patients with type 2 diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis of cardiovascular outcome trials
Publication date: Available online 14 August 2019Source: The Lancet Diabetes & EndocrinologyAuthor(s): Søren L Kristensen, Rasmus Rørth, Pardeep S Jhund, Kieran F Docherty, Naveed Sattar, David Preiss, Lars Køber, Mark C Petrie, John J V McMurraySummaryBackgroundGlucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonists differ in their structure and duration of action and have been studied in trials of varying sizes and with different patient populations, with inconsistent effects on cardiovascular outcomes reported. We aimed to synthesise the available evidence by doing a systematic review and meta-analysis of cardiovascular ou...
Source: The Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology - August 15, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Efficacy and safety of oral anticoagulants in atrial fibrillation patients with cancer —a network meta-analysis
AbstractThere are no guideline recommendations for the use of anticoagulant therapy in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients with cancer, which creates uncertainty about the optimal antithrombotic treatment in these patients. We conducted a network meta-analysis for the first time to assess the efficacy and safety of anticoagulant drugs in patients with AF and concurrent cancer. The PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane databases were searched up to March 2019. A search was made for the main anticoagulant drugs (warfarin, dabigatran, apixaban, rivaroxaban, and edoxaban). Outputs were presented as odds ratios (ORs), their corresponding ...
Source: Heart Failure Reviews - August 12, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Use of DOACs in real-world challenging settings: a Delphi Consensus from Italian cardiologists.
CONCLUSIONS: DOACs should represent the first-line anticoagulation therapy in non-valvular AF patients in the majority of challenging settings, underexplored by literature. Caution in their prescription is needed in case of severe renal impairment. Dose choice should follow the SmPC, although this is matter of debate in borderline patients. PMID: 31343145 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Minerva Cardioangiologica - July 27, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: Minerva Cardioangiol Source Type: research

Cardioprotective Activity of Agaricus bisporus Against Isoproterenol- Induced Myocardial Infarction in Laboratory Animals
Conclusion: It can be an outcome that EEAB possessed cardioprotective activity against experimental and clinical studies of ISO-induced myocardial infarction in rats.
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - June 28, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

What Causes Facial Nerve Palsy?
Discussion Facial nerve palsy has been known for centuries, but in 1821 unilateral facial nerve paralysis was described by Sir Charles Bell. Bell’s palsy (BP) is a unilateral, acute facial paralysis that is clinically diagnosed after other etiologies have been excluded by appropriate history, physical examination and/or laboratory testing or imaging. Symptoms include abnormal movement of facial nerve. It can be associated with changes in facial sensation, hearing, taste or excessive tearing. The right and left sides are equally affected but bilateral BP is rare (0.3%). Paralysis can be complete or incomplete at prese...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - June 3, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: pediatriceducationmin Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

A Serious Diagnosis Lacking Common Symptoms
​BY JENNIFER TUONG; IVAN KHARCHENKO; JEAN LUC AGARD; & AHMED RAZIUDDIN, MDA 65-year-old man who had HIV well-controlled with highly active antiretroviral therapy, hypertension, sciatica, and restless leg syndrome presented to the emergency department with left leg pain. He also had had chemotherapy and radiation for anal cancer. The patient said the pain had started 45 minutes earlier when he was sitting on the toilet.He described the pain as sore in quality and 10/10 on the pain scale. He reported that it had started in his lower back and radiated to his left leg. He said he had had no trauma or weakness to the regi...
Source: The Case Files - May 28, 2019 Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Blog Posts Source Type: research

Problem-patients in HRT
Since the Women's Health Initiative (WHI) has been stopped 2002 due to increased risk of venous thromboembolism, myocardial infarction, stroke and breast cancer, safety issues have got great concern using hormone replacement therapy (HRT). However, using lower dosages, other hormonal components and/or transdermal instead of oral application can reduce those risks although not demonstrated in a placebo-controlled study comparable to WHI. However, this has been shown in large case/control- and cohort-studies reflecting more practical conditions in contrast to WHI.
Source: Maturitas - May 14, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Alfred O. Mueck Tags: INV65 Source Type: research

Is Reclassification of the Oral Contraceptive Pill from Prescription to Pharmacist-Only Cost Effective? Application of an Economic Evaluation Approach to Regulatory Decisions
ConclusionReclassifying OCPs is likely to be considered cost effective by Australian decision makers.
Source: PharmacoEconomics - May 8, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Orally Administered Crocin Protects Against Cerebral Ischemia/Reperfusion Injury Through the Metabolic Transformation of Crocetin by Gut Microbiota
Conclusion Collectively, pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic association studies provide evidence that the gut microbiota plays a vital role in the fate of crocin and crocetin in the gastrointestinal tract. In addition, the cross-interaction between gut microbiota and crocin might mediate the activation of the cerebral-protective effect of orally administered crocin. Ethics Statement This study was carried out in accordance with the recommendations of ‘Institutional Animal Research Committee guidelines, Animal Ethics Committee of China Pharmaceutical University.’ The protocol was approved by the ‘An...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - April 29, 2019 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Stroke Dysbiosis Index (SDI) in Gut Microbiome Are Associated With Brain Injury and Prognosis of Stroke
Conclusions: We developed an index to measure gut microbiota dysbiosis in stroke patients; this index was significantly correlated with patients' outcome and was causally related to outcome in a mouse model of stroke. Our model facilitates the potential clinical application of gut microbiota data in stroke and adds quantitative evidence linking the gut microbiota to stroke. Introduction Ischemic stroke imposes a heavy burden on society, with 24.9 million cases worldwide (1). Although intravenous thrombolysis and endovascular treatment greatly improve some patients' prognosis, the prognosis for most pa...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - April 23, 2019 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

A Genetic Variant of miR-34a Contributes to Susceptibility of Ischemic Stroke Among Chinese Population
This study was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 81560552, 81260234), Natural Science Foundation of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region (CN) (2017JJA180826), Innovation Project of Guangxi Graduate Education (CN) (201601009) and Key Laboratory Open Project Fund of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region (CN) (kfkt20160064). Conflict of Interest Statement The authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest. Supplementary Material The Supplementary Material for this article can be fou...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - April 23, 2019 Category: Physiology Source Type: research

Edoxaban for the prevention of stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation.
Authors: Cervantes CE, Merino JL, Barrios V Abstract INTRODUCTION: Edoxaban is the last direct oral anticoagulant marketed for the prevention of stroke among patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (AF). Areas covered: ENGAGE AF-TIMI 48 was the pivotal clinical trial that led to the approval of edoxaban 60 mg once daily. After the publication of this study, a great number of substudies and post hoc analyses have been published, together with some observational studies. The aim of this review was to update the current evidence about the use of edoxaban in AF patients. Expert commentary: In the ENGAGE AF-TIMI 4...
Source: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy - March 24, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: Expert Rev Cardiovasc Ther Source Type: research

Abstract 14: The Influence of Provider Specialty on Anticoagulation Prescription Fills and Stroke Risk in Atrial Fibrillation Patients With History of Cancer Session Title: Poster Session Reception: Young Investigator Award Semi-Finalists
Conclusion: AF patients with cancer were less likely to see a cardiologist, and less likely to fill an anticoagulant prescription than AF patients without cancer. However, cardiology involvement was associated with increased anticoagulant prescription fills and reduced risk of stroke, suggesting a beneficial role for cardiology providers to improve outcomes in AF patients with history of cancer.
Source: Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes - April 5, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: ONeal, W. T., Claxton, J., MacLehose, R., Chen, L., Bengtson, L. G., Chamberlain, A. M., Norby, F., Lutsey, P., Alonso, A. Tags: Session Title: Poster Session Reception: Young Investigator Award Semi-Finalists Source Type: research

Treatment of Cryptogenic Stroke with Active Cancer with a New Oral Anticoagulant
Low-molecular weight heparin (LMWH) was shown to be effective and safe in treating venous thromboembolism, and generally used for stroke in cancer patients, but its effects on stroke are unclear. We compared clinical outcomes between LMWH and new oral anticoagulant (NOAC) in patients with cancer-related stroke.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - August 23, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Ki-Woong Nam, Chi Kyung Kim, Tae Jung Kim, Sang Joon An, Kyungmi Oh, Sang-Bae Ko, Byung-Woo Yoon Source Type: research

Ischemic stroke in cancer patients treated with direct oral anticoagulants for venous thromboembolism
Direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) are at least as efficacious as conventional anticoagulation therapy for the initial and long-term treatment of cancer patients with venous thromboembolism (VTE). Whether DOACs are non-inferior to low-molecular-weight heparin for the management of cancer patients with VTE is under investigation. In addition, the efficacy of DOACs for the treatment of cancer patients with arterial thrombosis (e.g., ischemic stroke) remains unclear. Herein, we report on two cancer patients admitted to our hospital with Stage IV gastric adenocarcinoma who were being treated with DOACs due to a history of VTE ...
Source: Thrombosis Research - March 31, 2017 Category: Hematology Authors: Yasufumi Gon, Manabu Sakaguchi, Junji Takasugi, Hideki Mochizuki Tags: Letter to the Editors-in-Chief Source Type: research

Cessation of oral anticoagulation is an important risk factor for stroke and mortality in atrial fibrillation patients.
In conclusion, in non-valvular AF patients, cessation of OAC was independently associated with the risk of stroke, adverse cardiovascular events and mortality. Bleeding events and some variables associated with higher bleeding risk are responsible for OAC cessation. PMID: 28331926 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Thrombosis and Haemostasis - March 23, 2017 Category: Hematology Authors: Rivera-Caravaca JM, Roldán V, Esteve-Pastor MA, Valdés M, Vicente V, Lip GY, Marín F Tags: Thromb Haemost Source Type: research

Venous Thrombotic Recurrence After Cerebral Venous Thrombosis Clinical Sciences
Conclusions—In our cohort of CVT patients followed on average for>6 years, subjects with a previous venous thrombotic event, cancer/malignant hemopathies, and unknown CVT causes were found to be at higher risk of recurrence.
Source: Stroke - January 22, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Paola Palazzo, Pierre Agius, Pierre Ingrand, Jonathan Ciron, Matthias Lamy, Aline Berthomet, Paul Cantagrel, Jean-Philippe Neau Tags: Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research

Evaluating the Primary Prevention of Ischemic Stroke of Oral Antithrombotic Therapy in Head and Neck Cancer Patients with Radiation Therapy.
Abstract Although previous studies demonstrated the risk of ischemic stroke (IS) in patients with head and neck cancer (HNC), the impact of oral antithrombotic therapy (OAT) on this risk has not yet been assessed. We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of OAT in patients with HNC treated with RT. This retrospective cohort study was performed using the National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan. A total of 37,638 patients diagnosed with HNC included in the study were classified as users and nonusers of OAT. Primary outcome was IS or transient ischemic attack (TIA), and secondary outcomes were ...
Source: Biomed Res - December 20, 2016 Category: Research Authors: Hsu CW, Huang YB, Kuo CC, Chen CY Tags: Biomed Res Int Source Type: research

Neck dissection and stroke in patients with oral cavity cancer: A population ‐based cohort study
ConclusionOur data demonstrate that neck dissection does not increase the risk of stroke in patients with oral cavity cancer. Patients have higher risk of stroke after cancer treatment because of their older age, specific comorbidities, and/or type of postoperative treatment. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Head Neck, 2016
Source: Head and Neck - July 19, 2016 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Chia ‐Fan Chang, Yen‐Ling Kuo, Christy Pu, Yiing‐Jenq Chou Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Neck dissection and stroke in patients with oral cavity cancer: A population‐based cohort study
ConclusionOur data demonstrate that neck dissection does not increase the risk of stroke in patients with oral cavity cancer. Patients have higher risk of stroke after cancer treatment because of their older age, specific comorbidities, and/or type of postoperative treatment. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Head Neck, 2016
Source: Head and Neck - July 19, 2016 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Chia‐Fan Chang, Yen‐Ling Kuo, Christy Pu, Yiing‐Jenq Chou Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Cancer as a risk factor for stroke in atrial fibrillation patients receiving long-term oral anticoagulant therapy
cancer and cerebrovascular disease are among the most common causes of death in the developed countries and are both associated with a steep increase in incidence among the elderly population. Despite being a less frequent neurological complication in cancer patients, compared to metastases or neurotoxicity from anticancer treatment, stroke incidence in cancer patients is high [1]. The pathophysiology of stroke in cancer patients is largely unknown [2] and can be attributed to cardiac or non-cardiac embolism.
Source: Thrombosis Research - June 18, 2015 Category: Hematology Authors: Gentian Denas, Vittorio Pengo, Roberta Joppi, Paolo Prandoni Source Type: research

Intraoperative stroke in the mandibular osteoradionecrosis: A case report
Publication date: January 2015 Source:Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Medicine, and Pathology, Volume 27, Issue 1 Author(s): Ryo Sasaki , Chie Kagawa , Toshihiro Okamoto , Tomohiro Ando Although risk factors for perioperative stroke during head and neck surgery are known, the risk of perioperative stroke in osteoradionecrosis (ORN) patients is scarcely known. Sixty-seven-year-old male presented ORN in the mandible after 9 years docetaxel, cisplatin, and 5-fluorouracil (TPF) chemo, and 66Gy radiation therapies for the oropharynx cancer, which was diagnosed Marx's classification class II. After pre-operative hyp...
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Medicine, and Pathology - January 1, 2015 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Recurrent Ischemic Stroke in a Patient with the Trousseau Syndrome Treated with Dabigatran
A 70-year-old man with multiple ischemic strokes was diagnosed with cardiac embolism and treated with dabigatran. Three months later, he suddenly developed vertigo and vomiting. Magnetic resonance imaging, showed recurrent lesions and blood tests revealed hypercoagulability, hypoproteinemia, and elevated cytokeratin 19 fragments that serve as a tumor marker of lung cancer. Chest computed tomography showed there were small nodules in bilateral lungs and swollen mediastinal lymph nodes. A conclusive diagnosis was impossible because the patient declined invasive procedures. We suspected primary lung cancer and diagnosed conco...
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - February 21, 2014 Category: Neurology Authors: Kosuke Yoshida, Takashi Kimura, Yoko Aburakawa, Yasuhiro Suzuki, Kenji Kuroda, Osamu Yahara Tags: Case Reports Source Type: research