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Total 3278 results found since Jan 2013.

Pathophysiology, Mechanism, and Outcome of Ischemic Stroke in Cancer Patients
The purpose of this study is to assess the risk factors, biomarkers of stroke, mechanism, and outcomes of cerebral infarction among cancerous diseases.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - September 17, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Mohamed Abdelsalam, Mohammad Abu-Hegazy, Hend Ahmed El-Hadaad, Hanan Wahba, Hossam Egila, Ahmed Esmael Source Type: research

Occult lung cancer manifesting within the first year after stroke
Lung cancer and stroke share smoking as a major cause of disease. We investigated prevalence and risk of occult lung cancer with manifestation during the first year after stroke.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - August 15, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Alejandro Daniel Babore, Anne Julie Tybjerg, Klaus Kaae Andersen, Tom Skyhoj Olsen Source Type: research

Clinical Characteristics and Analysis of Lung Cancer- Associated Acute Ischemic Stroke
The incidence of lung cancer and acute ischemic stroke remains high in recent years, both of which occur mostly in people over 60 years old. In the present study, we aimed to further clarify the pathogenesis of lung cancer-associated acute ischemic stroke (LCA-AIS) by comparing and analyzing clinical characteristics of stroke patients with or without lung cancer.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - August 11, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Jing Zhang, Jingxia Zhao Source Type: research

Hematological Abnormalities and Malnutrition Mediate Pathway between Cancer and Outcomes in Ischemic Stroke Patients
The present study aimed to examine whether variables including D-dimer, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), hemoglobin, platelet count, and nutritional status mediate the pathway between cancer and ischemic stroke outcomes.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - July 15, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Yasufumi Gon, Daijiro Kabata, Tomohiro Kawano, Hideaki Kanki, Kenichi Todo, Tsutomu Sasaki, Ayumi Shintani, Hideki Mochizuki Source Type: research

Cancer and Tumor-Associated Childhood Stroke: Results from the International Pediatric Stroke Study
This study sought to evaluate cancer/tumor-associated childhood ischemic stroke in a multinational pediatric stroke registry.
Source: Pediatric Neurology - June 8, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Lisa R. Sun, Alexandra Linds, Mukta Sharma, Mubeen Rafay, Sudhakar Vadivelu, Sarah Lee, Leonardo R. Brand ão, Brian Appavu, Jeremie H. Estepp, Juliette Hukin, Sahar M.A. Hassanein, Anthony Chan, Lauren A. Beslow, International Pediatric Stroke Study Grou Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research

Low Serum Eicosapentaenoic Acid Levels in Cryptogenic Stroke with Active Cancer
Since Armand Trousseau first described migratory superficial thrombophlebitis in 1865, patients with malignant cancer have been known to be in a hypercoagulable state and at risk for the development of cancer-associated thrombosis.1 Approximately 7% of cancer patients have symptomatic cerebrovascular diseases during the clinical course of cancer, and 15% have cerebrovascular lesions at autopsy.2 Previous studies have demonstrated that cancer patients with cryptogenic ischemic stroke often have high serum D-dimer levels and multiple vascular lesions and show cryptogenic stroke etiology, which seems to be due to a hypercoagulable state.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - May 14, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Tesseki Izumi, Hitoki Nanaura, Naohiko Iguchi, Maki Ozaki, Kazuma Sugie Source Type: research

Ability of the number of territories involved on dwi-mri to predict occult systemic malignancy in cryptogenic stroke patients
Lesions in multiple arterial territories is one of the typical features of malignancy patients with cryptogenic stroke. Hence, if patients with cryptogenic stroke display such feature, occult cancer could be predicted. The study aimed to analyze the predictive ability of the number of territories involved on DWI-MRI for occult systemic malignancy (OSM) in patients with cryptogenic stroke.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - April 29, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Linjia Guo, Lili Wang, Wenhong Liu Source Type: research

Early Prediction of One-Year Mortality in Ischemic and Haemorrhagic Stroke
The worldwide stroke incidence is 17 million per year,1 and 12 % of all deaths worldwide are caused by stroke making it the third leading cause of death after cancer and ischemic heart disease.2
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - February 6, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Jacob Liljehult, Thomas Christensen, Karl Bang Christensen Source Type: research

Risk of Ischemic Stroke and Major Bleeding in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation and Cancer
Background: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is an important risk factor for ischemic stroke. Cancer may increase the risk both of ischemic stroke and of bleeding. Less is known about risk of ischemic stroke and bleeding among cancer patients with AF, complicating the prevention of ischemic stroke in these patients. Methods: Register based cohort study comprising all Swedish patients hospitalized with a primary diagnosis of AF from July 1, 2005 until December 31, 2014. Patients with cancer diagnosis were compared to the rest of the cohort.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - December 26, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Sara Aspberg, Liyang Yu, Bruna Gigante, Karin E Smedby, Daniel E Singer Source Type: research

Determination of Clinical Cut-Off Values for Serum Cystatin C Levels to Predict Ischemic Stroke Risk
Background: The association between cystatin C and risk of ischemic stroke is inconsistent and the cut-off values of cystatin C are diverse in different articles. We aimed to investigate the association between cystatin C levels and the development of ischemic stroke and to explore the clinical cut-off values of serum cystatin C levels for ischemic stroke. Methods: This prospective cohort study included 7658 participants from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study who were free of cardiovascular diseases and cancer at baseline.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - September 1, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Youyi Wang, Ying Zhang, Qinghua Ma, Congju Wang, Yong Xu, Hongpeng Sun, Yana Ma Source Type: research

Safety and Efficacy of Reperfusion Therapies for Acute Ischemic Stroke Patients With Active Malignancy
Background and Purpose: Epidemiological correlations between active malignancy (AM) and acute ischemic stroke (AIS) are well-established. However, the effect of reperfusion strategies, particularly mechanical thrombectomy (MT), has been barely investigated in patients with AIS and AM. We aim to evaluate safety and efficacy of reperfusion strategies in such patients. Materials and Methods: We performed a case-control analysis comparing patients with AM and AIS (AM group) to a group of cancer-free patients with AIS (control group).
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - June 13, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Fabrizio Sallustio, Alfredo Paolo Mascolo, Federico Marrama, Giacomo Koch, Fana Alemseged, Alessandro Davoli, Valerio Da Ros, Daniele Morosetti, Daniel Konda, Marina Diomedi Source Type: research

Temporal Trends in the Use of Acute Recanalization Therapies for Ischemic Stroke in Patients with Cancer
Objective: We sought to characterize the US nationwide temporal trends in recanalization therapy utilization for ischemic stroke among patients with and without cancer. Methods: We identified all acute ischemic stroke (AIS) hospitalizations in the National Inpatient Sample from January 1, 1998 to September 30, 2015. The primary exposure was solid or hematologic cancer. The primary outcome was use of intravenous thrombolysis. The secondary outcome was use of endovascular therapy (EVT). Results: Among 9,508,804 AIS hospitalizations, 503,510 (5.3%) involved cancer patients.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - May 28, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Abhinaba Chatterjee, Alexander E. Merkler, Santosh B. Murthy, Jaclyn E. Burch, Monica L. Chen, Gino Gialdini, Hooman Kamel, Karla V. Ballman, Babak B. Navi Source Type: research

Subcutaneous Heparin Therapy for Patients with Cancer-Associated Stroke
Anticoagulation therapy, particularly subcutaneous heparin therapy, is recommended for cancer-associated thrombosis. However, not starting or discontinuing anticoagulation was not rare. The aim of the present study was to examine the practical issues related to anticoagulation therapy and effects of subcutaneous heparin therapy for cancer-associated stroke.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - November 5, 2018 Category: Neurology Authors: Hiroyuki Kawano, Yuko Honda, Tatsuo Amano, Haruko Okano, Rieko Suzuki, Masataka Torii, Yoshiko Unno, Yoshiaki Shiokawa, Teruyuki Hirano Source Type: research

Effects of l-Carnitine Supplementation, Botulinum Neurotoxin Injection, and Rehabilitation for a Chronic Stroke Patient
Botulinum neurotoxin injection therapy and rehabilitation have been conducted for stroke patients to reduce the spasticity of their affected limbs and improve their walking ability and daily living. Furthermore, their disability was reported to be related to muscle wasting. Supplementation of l-carnitine was reported to improve physical endurance and was used to treat sarcopenia in, for example, patients with cancer. Here, we report a case of chronic stroke with muscle wasting in a patient with improved walking endurance by l-carnitine supplementation, botulinum neurotoxin injection, and rehabilitation.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - September 1, 2018 Category: Neurology Authors: Satoshi Endo, Tadashi Takahashi, Masaya Sato, Yoshinori Noya, Masayoshi Obana Source Type: research

Risk of Stroke After Colorectal Surgery for Cancerous Versus Benign Conditions
Cancer treatment, specifically surgical intervention, as a possible stroke trigger is understudied.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - August 24, 2018 Category: Neurology Authors: Greeshma Rajeev-Kumar, Umut Sarpel, Mandip S. Dhamoon Source Type: research

Importance of Considering Competing Risks in Time-to-Event Analyses: Application to Stroke Risk in a Retrospective Cohort Study of Elderly Patients With Atrial Fibrillation Original Articles
Conclusions: The incidence of death without stroke was 9-fold higher than that of stroke, leading to biased estimates of stroke risk with traditional time-to-event methods. Statistical methods that appropriately account for competing risks should be used to mitigate this bias.
Source: Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes - July 11, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: Abdel-Qadir, H., Fang, J., Lee, D. S., Tu, J. V., Amir, E., Austin, P. C., Anderson, G. M. Tags: Atrial Fibrillation, Epidemiology, Primary Prevention, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke Original Articles Source Type: research

Risk of Ischemic and Hemorrhagic Strokes in Occult and Manifest Cancers Clinical Sciences
Conclusions—Cancer, occult and manifest, is associated with increased risks for stroke. The increased risk is linked mainly to cancers related to smoking.
Source: Stroke - June 25, 2018 Category: Neurology Authors: Klaus Kaae Andersen, Tom Skyhoȷ Olsen Tags: Epidemiology, Risk Factors, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke, Intracranial Hemorrhage, Ischemic Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research

Antithrombotic Therapy Strategy for Cancer-Associated Ischemic Stroke: A Case Series of 26 Patients
The risk of complications from thromboembolism is increased for patients with malignancy. Cancer-associated stroke is also a serious issue with regard to the management of patients with cancer because stroke incidence often causes disabilities that affect daily life and cancer treatment strategy.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - May 17, 2018 Category: Neurology Authors: Hiroyuki Naito, Tomohisa Nezu, Naohisa Hosomi, Shiro Aoki, Hiroki Ueno, Kazuhide Ochi, Hirofumi Maruyama Tags: Case Studies Source Type: research

Association of Cancer Cell Type and Extracellular Vesicles With Coagulopathy in Patients With Lung Cancer and Stroke Brief Report
Conclusions—Our findings indicate that cancer cell type is associated with circulating EV levels and coagulopathy in patients with lung cancer and stroke.
Source: Stroke - April 23, 2018 Category: Neurology Authors: Jong-Won Chung, Yeon Hee Cho, Myung-Ju Ahn, Mi Ji Lee, Gyeong-Moon Kim, Chin-Sang Chung, Oh Young Bang Tags: Biomarkers, Mechanisms, Translational Studies, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke, Thrombosis Brief Reports Source Type: research

Do Reduced Copayments Affect Mortality after Surgery due to Stroke? An Interrupted Time Series Analysis of a National Cohort Sampled in 2003-2012
The South Korean government introduced a policy in 2 phases, in September 2005 and in January 2010, for reducing copayments for patients with critical diseases, including stroke, to prevent excessive medical expenditures and to ease economic barriers. Previous studies of the effect of this policy were focused primarily on cancer. Therefore, we investigated the relationship between this policy and 1-year mortality after surgery among patients with stroke.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - February 19, 2018 Category: Neurology Authors: Kyu-Tae Han, Seung Ju Kim, Sun Jung Kim, Ji Won Yoo, Eun-Cheol Park Source Type: research

Substitution of Linoleic Acid for Other Macronutrients and the Risk of Ischemic Stroke Clinical Sciences
Conclusions—This study suggests that replacing saturated fatty acid, glycemic carbohydrate, or monounsaturated fatty acid with linoleic acid may be associated with a lower risk of ischemic stroke.
Source: Stroke - November 27, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Stine K. Veno, Erik B. Schmidt, Marianne U. Jakobsen, Soren Lundbye–Christensen, Flemming W. Bach, Kim Overvad Tags: Diet and Nutrition, Epidemiology, Ischemic Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research

Whole Grain Consumption and Risk of Ischemic Stroke Clinical Sciences
Conclusions—Although overall consumption of whole grains was not associated with lower risk of ischemic stroke, greater consumption of whole grain cold breakfast cereal and bran was significantly associated with a lower risk of ischemic stroke. More studies are needed to replicate these associations between individual whole grain foods and risk of ischemic stroke among other populations.
Source: Stroke - November 27, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Juan Juan, Gang Liu, Walter C. Willett, Frank B. Hu, Kathryn M. Rexrode, Qi Sun Tags: Diet and Nutrition, Epidemiology, Ischemic Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research

Is the Intensity or Duration of Treadmill Training Important for Stroke Patients? A Meta-Analysis
Stroke, the third highest cause of death after cancer and cardiac diseases, is a strong cause of adult disability in most countries. Therefore, the aim of the current meta-analysis was to examine the most effective intensity and duration of treadmill training on motor performance in stroke subjects.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - November 3, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Sadegh Abbasian, Mahsa Rastegar MM Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Eosinophil Cationic Protein, Carotid Plaque, and Incidence of Stroke Clinical Sciences
Conclusions—High ECP is associated with increased incidence of IS. The association between ECP and IS was also present in the subgroup with carotid plaque.
Source: Stroke - September 25, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Johannes Sundstrom, Martin Soderholm, Yan Borne, Jan Nilsson, Margaretha Persson, Gerd Ostling, Olle Melander, Marȷu Orho–Melander, Gunnar Engstrom Tags: Epidemiology, Risk Factors, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke, Ischemic Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research

Medical News Today: Scientists probe link between stroke and cancer
New research that finds that higher rates of cancer, especially advanced cancer, are diagnosed in stroke survivors than the general population.
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - September 6, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Stroke Source Type: news

Treatment of Cryptogenic Stroke with Active Cancer with a New Oral Anticoagulant
Low-molecular weight heparin (LMWH) was shown to be effective and safe in treating venous thromboembolism, and generally used for stroke in cancer patients, but its effects on stroke are unclear. We compared clinical outcomes between LMWH and new oral anticoagulant (NOAC) in patients with cancer-related stroke.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - August 23, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Ki-Woong Nam, Chi Kyung Kim, Tae Jung Kim, Sang Joon An, Kyungmi Oh, Sang-Bae Ko, Byung-Woo Yoon Source Type: research

Daily Total Physical Activity and Incident Stroke Clinical Sciences
Conclusions—For Japanese people, moderate levels of total physical activity, particularly achieved by moderate-intensity activities, may be optimal for stroke prevention because excessive vigorous-intensity activities might not be beneficial or even disadvantageous for prevention of hemorrhagic stroke.
Source: Stroke - June 26, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Yasuhiko Kubota, Hiroyasu Iso, Kazumasa Yamagishi, Norie Sawada, Shoichiro Tsugane Tags: Epidemiology, Exercise, Primary Prevention, Race and Ethnicity, Risk Factors Original Contributions Source Type: research

Prospective association between {beta}2-microglobulin levels and ischemic stroke risk among women
Conclusion: High levels of B2M were associated with an increased risk of ischemic stroke among women.
Source: Neurology - June 5, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Rist, P. M., Jimenez, M. C., Rexrode, K. M. Tags: All Cerebrovascular disease/Stroke, Case control studies, Risk factors in epidemiology ARTICLE Source Type: research

Probable REM sleep behavior disorder and risk of stroke: A prospective study
Conclusions: Presence of pRBD was associated with a higher risk of developing stroke, including both ischemic and hemorrhagic types. Future studies with clinically confirmed RBD and a longer follow-up would be appropriate to further investigate this association.
Source: Neurology - May 8, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Ma, C., Pavlova, M., Liu, Y., Liu, Y., Huangfu, C., Wu, S., Gao, X. Tags: All Cerebrovascular disease/Stroke, All Sleep Disorders, Cohort studies ARTICLE Source Type: research

Recurrent Stroke after Silent Brain Infarction in Patients with Primary Brain Tumors (S51.007)
Conclusions:The short-term risk of recurrent ischemic stroke in patients with PBTs was substantial and the risk was comparable whether the stroke was silent or symptomatic.Study Supported by: Babak Navi was supported by grants from the NINDS (K23NS091395) and the Florence Gould Endowment for Discovery in Stroke. Hooman Kamel was supported by grants from the NINDS (K23NS082367) and the Michael Goldberg Stroke Research Fund.Disclosure: Dr. Parikh has nothing to disclose. Dr. Burch has nothing to disclose. Dr. Kamel has received personal compensation for activities with Genentech as a speaker. Dr. Kamel has received personal ...
Source: Neurology - April 17, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Parikh, N., Burch, J., Kamel, H., DeAngelis, L., Navi, B. Tags: Cerebrovascular Disease and Interventional Neurology: Stroke Prevention and Translation Source Type: research

Voxel-Based Lesion Mapping of Cryptogenic Stroke in Patients with Advanced Cancer: A Detailed Magnetic Resonance Imaging Analysis of Distribution Pattern
Ischemic stroke is one form of cancer-associated thrombosis that can greatly worsen a patient's performance status. The present investigation aimed to elucidate the characteristic distribution pattern(s) of cryptogenic stroke lesions using a voxel-based lesion-mapping technique and examine the differences in clinical manifestations between cryptogenic and conventional strokes in patients with advanced cancer.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - March 28, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Takamune Achiha, Masatoshi Takagaki, Hiroshi Oe, Mio Sakai, Hitoshi Matsui, Katsuhiko Nakanishi, Tomohiko Ozaki, Yasunori Fujimoto, Toshiki Yoshimine, Katsuyuki Nakanishi, Manabu Kinoshita Source Type: research

Endovascular recanalization therapy in the patients with acute ischemic stroke and active malignancy
【Background】Patients with cancer who have acute ischemic stroke are often precluded from intravenous tPA due to high risk of bleeding. In this case, endovascular recanalization therapy may be an alternative treatment option.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - March 18, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Man-Seok Park, Bang-Hoon Cho, Kang-Ho Choi, Joon-Tae Kim, Seung-Han Lee, Woong Yoon, Ki-Hyun Cho Source Type: research

Adherence to a Healthy Nordic Diet and Risk of Stroke Clinical Sciences
Conclusions—Our findings suggest that a healthy Nordic diet may be recommended for the prevention of stroke.
Source: Stroke - January 22, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Camilla Plambeck Hansen, Kim Overvad, Cecilie Kyro, Anȷa Olsen, Anne Tȷonneland, Soren Paaske Johnsen, Marianne Uhre Jakobsen, Christina Catherine Dahm Tags: Cardiovascular Disease, Diet and Nutrition, Epidemiology, Intracranial Hemorrhage, Ischemic Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research

Three-Month Outcomes Are Poor in Stroke Patients with Cancer Despite Acute Stroke Treatment
Stroke risk is increased in cancer patients. Prognosis in these patients is poor, with higher in-hospital mortality and increased subsequent mortality. However, data on stroke in cancer patients are limited, specifically regarding acute stroke treatment and functional outcomes. We aim to determine the functional outcomes of cancer patients admitted with acute stroke.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - November 23, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Shawna Cutting, Meagan Wettengel, James J. Conners, Bichun Ouyang, Katharina Busl Source Type: research

Association of Major Depressive Episodes With Stroke Risk in a Prospective Study of 0.5 Million Chinese Adults Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— Findings from this large prospective study suggest that the presence of MDE is a risk factor for stroke, especially in smokers.
Source: Stroke - August 21, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Sun, J., Ma, H., Yu, C., Lv, J., Guo, Y., Bian, Z., Yang, L., Chen, Y., Shen, H., Chen, Z., Hu, Z., Li, L., on behalf of the China Kadoorie Biobank Collaborative Group Tags: Mental Health, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke Clinical Sciences Source Type: research

Lifetime direct costs of stroke for indigenous patients adjusted for comorbidities
Conclusions: The costs of stroke for indigenous people and patients with different comorbidities are substantial and an integrated prevention strategy is needed.
Source: Neurology - July 31, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Zhao, Y., Condon, J., Lawton, P., He, V., Cadilhac, D. A. Tags: Cost effectiveness/economic, All Cerebrovascular disease/Stroke, Cohort studies ARTICLE Source Type: research

Orosomucoid, Carotid Plaque, and Incidence of Stroke Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— Elevated levels of orosomucoid are associated with increased occurrence of carotid plaque and increased incidence of ischemic stroke. The combination of high orosomucoid and carotid plaque substantially increase the risk of stroke.
Source: Stroke - June 26, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Berntsson, J., Ostling, G., Persson, M., Smith, J. G., Hedblad, B., Engstrom, G. Tags: Cardiovascular Disease, Epidemiology, Risk Factors, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke, Ischemic Stroke Clinical Sciences Source Type: research

Warfarin-Resistant Deep Vein Thrombosis during the Treatment of Acute Ischemic Stroke in Lung Adenocarcinoma
A 66-year-old man with acute ischemic stroke in the setting of lung adenocarcinoma developed acute-onset deep vein thrombosis (DVT) of the lower limbs after changing to warfarin from a heparin combination. The diagnosis of warfarin-resistant DVT was established based on the laboratory data and clinical evaluation. Heparin administration resulted in good control of thrombin regulation. Cancer patients are at high risk of venous thromboembolism, and the combination of these 2 conditions is known as Trousseau's syndrome.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - June 21, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Hiroyuki Naito, Shiro Aoki, Naoko Sumi, Kazuhide Ochi, Naohisa Hosomi, Hirofumi Maruyama, Masayasu Matsumoto Tags: Case Studies Source Type: research

Factors associated with delay in presentation to the hospital for young adults with ischemic stroke (P3.237)
Conclusions: A majority of young adults with ischemic stroke presented outside the time window for intravenous fibrinolysis. Diabetes, single status, and unemployed status were associated with delayed presentation. Disclosure: Dr. Leung has nothing to disclose. Dr. Louis R. Caplan has received personal compensation in an editorial capacity for JAMA Neurology.
Source: Neurology - April 3, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Leung, L., Caplan, L. Tags: Stroke in the Young Source Type: research

Stroke Caused by Lung Cancer Invading the Left Atrium
We describe a 59-year-old stroke patient presented with sudden onset left side weakness and a speech disorder due to a major acute cerebral infarction in the area of the right middle cerebral artery, right posterior cerebral artery, and small infarctions in the area of the left middle and left posterior cerebral artery. For the previous month, the patient had been feeling weak and had no appetite. The patient had not been previously seriously ill. A chest x-ray showed a large mass in the upper zone of the right lung.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - February 24, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Ana Dimitrović, Tomislav Breitenfeld, Višnja Supanc, Marina Roje-Bedeković, Silva Butković Soldo, Vesna Vargek-Solter Tags: Case Studies Source Type: research

Association of Breakfast Intake With Incident Stroke and Coronary Heart Disease: The Japan Public Health Center-Based Study Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— The frequency of breakfast intake was inversely associated with the risk of stroke, especially cerebral hemorrhage in Japanese, suggesting that eating breakfast everyday may be beneficial for the prevention of stroke.
Source: Stroke - January 25, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Kubota, Y., Iso, H., Sawada, N., Tsugane, S., The JPHC Study Group Tags: Cardiovascular Disease, Epidemiology, Primary Prevention, Risk Factors Clinical Sciences Source Type: research

Recurrent stroke in childhood cancer survivors
Conclusion: Survivors of childhood cancer, particularly those previously treated with high-dose cranial radiation, have a high risk of recurrent stroke for decades after a first stroke. Although these strokes are mostly occurring in young adulthood, hypertension, an established atherosclerotic risk factor, independently predicts recurrent stroke in this population.
Source: Neurology - September 21, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Fullerton, H. J., Stratton, K., Mueller, S., Leisenring, W. W., Armstrong, G. T., Weathers, R. E., Stovall, M., Sklar, C. A., Goldsby, R. E., Robison, L. L., Krull, K. R. Tags: Childhood stroke, Stroke in young adults, All Cerebrovascular disease/Stroke, Primary brain tumor ARTICLE Source Type: research

Intakes of magnesium, potassium, and calcium and the risk of stroke among men
ConclusionsA diet rich in magnesium, potassium, and calcium may contribute to reduced risk of stroke among men. Because of significant collinearity, the independent contribution of each cation is difficult to define.
Source: International Journal of Stroke - June 4, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Sally N. Adebamowo, Donna Spiegelman, Alan J. Flint, Walter C. Willett, Kathryn M. Rexrode Tags: Research Source Type: research

Cancer in Young Adults With Ischemic Stroke Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— Cancer, and especially active cancer and no other apparent cause for stroke, is associated with unfavorable survival among young stroke patients.
Source: Stroke - May 22, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Aarnio, K., Joensuu, H., Haapaniemi, E., Melkas, S., Kaste, M., Tatlisumak, T., Putaala, J. Tags: Acute Cerebral Infarction, Risk Factors for Stroke, Stroke in Children and the Young Clinical Sciences Source Type: research

In-Hospital Stroke Recurrence and Stroke After Transient Ischemic Attack: Frequency and Risk Factors Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— In-hospital stroke recurrence was low with optimal current management. Patients with a history of TIA, severe symptomatic carotid stenosis, or uncommon causes of stroke were at higher risk. Pneumonia was associated with a higher risk of stroke recurrence in patients with initial TIA or minor stroke but not in the overall population studied. Aphasia may bias the detection rate by concealing new neurological symptoms.
Source: Stroke - March 23, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Erdur, H., Scheitz, J. F., Ebinger, M., Rocco, A., Grittner, U., Meisel, A., Rothwell, P. M., Endres, M., Nolte, C. H. Tags: Acute Cerebral Infarction, Carotid Stenosis, Emergency treatment of Stroke, Antiplatelets Clinical Sciences Source Type: research

Twelve-Single Nucleotide Polymorphism Genetic Risk Score Identifies Individuals at Increased Risk for Future Atrial Fibrillation and Stroke Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— An AF-GRS can identify 20% of individuals who are at 2-fold increased risk for incident AF and at 23% increased risk for ischemic stroke. Targeting diagnostic or therapeutic interventions to this subset may prove clinically useful.
Source: Stroke - September 22, 2014 Category: Neurology Authors: Tada, H., Shiffman, D., Smith, J. G., Sjogren, M., Lubitz, S. A., Ellinor, P. T., Louie, J. Z., Catanese, J. J., Engstrom, G., Devlin, J. J., Kathiresan, S., Melander, O. Tags: Genetics of Stroke Clinical Sciences Source Type: research

Cryptogenic Subtype Predicts Reduced Survival Among Cancer Patients With Ischemic Stroke Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— Cryptogenic stroke is independently associated with reduced survival in patients with active cancer and ischemic stroke.
Source: Stroke - July 28, 2014 Category: Neurology Authors: Navi, B. B., Singer, S., Merkler, A. E., Cheng, N. T., Stone, J. B., Kamel, H., Iadecola, C., Elkind, M. S. V., DeAngelis, L. M. Tags: Arterial thrombosis, Thrombophilia, Acute Cerebral Infarction, Embolic stroke, Pathology of Stroke Clinical Sciences Source Type: research

Primary Preventive Potential for Stroke by Avoidance of Major Lifestyle Risk Factors: The European Prospective Investigation Into Cancer and Nutrition-Heidelberg Cohort Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— Our analysis confirms the strong primary prevention potential for stroke based on avoidance of excess body weight, smoking, heavy alcohol consumption, unhealthy diet, and physical inactivity.
Source: Stroke - June 23, 2014 Category: Neurology Authors: Tikk, K., Sookthai, D., Monni, S., Gross, M.-L., Lichy, C., Kloss, M., Kaaks, R. Tags: Primary and Secondary Stroke Prevention, Risk Factors for Stroke, Epidemiology Clinical Sciences Source Type: research