Query: siRNA

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The atherogenic actions of LPC on vascular smooth muscle cells and its LPA receptor mediated mechanism.
Abstract Lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC) is a bioactive lipid constituent of oxidized low density lipoprotein (ox-LDL). It regulates various cellular functions, including migration of circulating monocytes, expression of endothelial adhesion molecules, proliferation and migration of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). LPC can also be hydrolyzed into lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) by autotaxin (ATX) which possesses lysophospholipase D (lyso-PLD) activity. The aim of this study was to explore the effects of LPC on proliferation and migration of human artery smooth muscle cells (HASMCs) and the involvement of LPC-ATX-LP...
Source: Biochemical and Biophysical Research communications - July 28, 2018 Category: Biochemistry Authors: Bao L, Qi J, Wang YW, Xi Q, Tserennadmid T, Zhao PF, Qi J, Damirin A Tags: Biochem Biophys Res Commun Source Type: research

Xihuang Pill Induces Apoptosis of Human Glioblastoma U-87 MG Cells via Targeting ROS-Mediated Akt/mTOR/FOXO1 Pathway.
In conclusion, we demonstrate for the first time that XHP may regulate glioblastoma U-87 MG cell apoptosis via ROS-mediated Akt/mTOR/FOXO1 pathway. PMID: 30046342 [PubMed]
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - July 27, 2018 Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research

Epigenetic activation of PERP transcription by MKL1 contributes to ROS-induced apoptosis in skeletal muscle cells
In conclusion, our data illustrate a novel epigenetic pathway that links PERP transcription to ROS-induced apoptosis in skeletal muscle cells.
Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) Gene Regulatory Mechanisms - July 27, 2018 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research

Aquaporin 1 suppresses apoptosis and affects prognosis in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.
In conclusion, the results of the present study suggested that the cytoplasm dominant expression of AQP1 is related to a poor prognosis in patients with ESCC, and that it activates tumor progression by affecting Death receptor signaling pathway. These results provide insights into the role of AQP1 as a mediator of and/or a biomarker for ESCC. PMID: 30042826 [PubMed]
Source: Oncotarget - July 27, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncotarget Source Type: research

Annexin A2 binds to vimentin and contributes to porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus multiplication
In conclusion, ANXA2 c an interact with vimentin and enhance PRRSV growth. This contributes to the regulation of PRRSV replication in infected cells and may have implications for the future antiviral strategies.
Source: Veterinary Research - July 27, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

RNA-Dependent Epigenetic Silencing Directs Transcriptional Downregulation Caused by Intronic Repeat Expansions
Publication date: Available online 26 July 2018Source: CellAuthor(s): Hannes Eimer, Sridevi Sureshkumar, Avilash Singh Yadav, Calvin Kraupner-Taylor, Champa Bandaranayake, Andrei Seleznev, Tamblyn Thomason, Stephen J. Fletcher, Stephanie Frances Gordon, Bernard J. Carroll, Sureshkumar BalasubramanianSummaryTranscriptional downregulation caused by intronic triplet repeat expansions underlies diseases such as Friedreich’s ataxia. This downregulation of gene expression is coupled with epigenetic changes, but the underlying mechanisms are unknown. Here, we show that an intronic GAA/TTC triplet expansion within the IIL1 gene...
Source: Cell - July 26, 2018 Category: Cytology Source Type: research

MicroRNA-449a suppresses hepatocellular carcinoma cell growth via G1 phase arrest and the HGF/c-Met pathway
ConclusionThe tumor suppressor miR-449a suppresses HCC tumorigenesis by repressing the c-Met/ERK pathway.
Source: Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Diseases International - July 26, 2018 Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research

Effects of Fibronectin 1 on Cell Proliferation, Senescence and Apoptosis of Human Glioma Cells Through the PI3K/AKT Signaling Pathway
Conclusion: The findings of this study provide evidence highlighting the prominent role played by FN1 in stimulating glioma growth, invasion, and survival through the activation of the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway.Cell Physiol Biochem 2018;48:1382 –1396
Source: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry - July 26, 2018 Category: Cytology Source Type: research

GSE117660 Caenorhabditis elegans heterochromatin factor SET-32 plays an essential role in transgenerational initiation of nuclear RNAi-mediated epigenetic silencing (sRNA-Seq)
Contributors : Natallia Kalinava ; Sam G GuSeries Type : Non-coding RNA profiling by high throughput sequencingOrganism : Caenorhabditis elegansEpigenetic inheritance contributes fundamentally to transgenerational physiology and fitness. Mechanistic understanding of RNA-mediated chromatin modification and transgenerational epigenetic inheritance, which in C. elegans can be triggered by exogenous double-stranded RNA (exo-dsRNA) or facilitated by endogenous small interfering RNAs (endo-siRNAs), has mainly been limited to the post-initiation phases of silencing. Indeed, the dynamic process by which nuclear RNAi engages a tran...
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - July 26, 2018 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Non-coding RNA profiling by high throughput sequencing Caenorhabditis elegans Source Type: research

GSE117659 Caenorhabditis elegans heterochromatin factor SET-32 plays an essential role in transgenerational initiation of nuclear RNAi-mediated epigenetic silencing (RNA-Seq)
Contributors : Natallia Kalinava ; Sam G GuSeries Type : Expression profiling by high throughput sequencingOrganism : Caenorhabditis elegansEpigenetic inheritance contributes fundamentally to transgenerational physiology and fitness. Mechanistic understanding of RNA-mediated chromatin modification and transgenerational epigenetic inheritance, which in C. elegans can be triggered by exogenous double-stranded RNA (exo-dsRNA) or facilitated by endogenous small interfering RNAs (endo-siRNAs), has mainly been limited to the post-initiation phases of silencing. Indeed, the dynamic process by which nuclear RNAi engages a transcri...
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - July 26, 2018 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Expression profiling by high throughput sequencing Caenorhabditis elegans Source Type: research

GSE117658 Caenorhabditis elegans heterochromatin factor SET-32 plays an essential role in transgenerational initiation of nuclear RNAi-mediated epigenetic silencing (ChIP-Seq)
Contributors : Natallia Kalinava ; Sam G GuSeries Type : Genome binding/occupancy profiling by high throughput sequencingOrganism : Caenorhabditis elegansEpigenetic inheritance contributes fundamentally to transgenerational physiology and fitness. Mechanistic understanding of RNA-mediated chromatin modification and transgenerational epigenetic inheritance, which in C. elegans can be triggered by exogenous double-stranded RNA (exo-dsRNA) or facilitated by endogenous small interfering RNAs (endo-siRNAs), has mainly been limited to the post-initiation phases of silencing. Indeed, the dynamic process by which nuclear RNAi enga...
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - July 26, 2018 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Genome binding/occupancy profiling by high throughput sequencing Caenorhabditis elegans Source Type: research

AMPK Activation Negatively Regulates GDAP1, which Influences the Metabolic Processes and Circadian Gene Expression in Skeletal Muscle
ConclusionWe describe a role for GDAP1 in regulating mitochondrial proteins, circadian genes, and metabolic flux in skeletal muscle. Collectively, our results implicate GDAP1 in the circadian control of metabolism.
Source: Molecular Metabolism - July 26, 2018 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Polyester-based nanoparticles for nucleic acid delivery
Publication date: Available online 25 July 2018Source: Materials Science and Engineering: CAuthor(s): Jing Zhao, Guojun Weng, Jianjun Li, Jian Zhu, Junwu ZhaoAbstractGene therapy is promising for the treatment of inherited diseases and complex diseases such as chronic infections and cancer. The advancement in science and technology has extended the scope of gene therapy from gene transfer to the delivery of a variety of nucleic acids such as mRNA, antisense oligonucleotides (ASOs), siRNA and miRNA. Nanoparticle delivery systems can efficiently protect the nucleic acids from enzymatic degradation and immune recognition, fac...
Source: Materials Science and Engineering: C - July 26, 2018 Category: Materials Science Source Type: research

Epigenetic activation of PERP transcription by MKL1 contributes to ROS-induced apoptosis in skeletal muscle cells.
In conclusion, our data illustrate a novel epigenetic pathway that links PERP transcription to ROS-induced apoptosis in skeletal muscle cells. PMID: 30056131 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - July 26, 2018 Category: Biochemistry Authors: Li Z, Chen B, Dong W, Xu W, Song M, Fang M, Guo J, Xu Y Tags: Biochim Biophys Acta Source Type: research

MGMT inhibition in ER positive breast cancer leads to CDC2, TOP2A, AURKB, CDC20, KIF20A, Cyclin A2, Cyclin B2, Cyclin D1, ER α and Survivin inhibition and enhances response to temozolomide.
MGMT inhibition in ER positive breast cancer leads to CDC2, TOP2A, AURKB, CDC20, KIF20A, Cyclin A2, Cyclin B2, Cyclin D1, ERα and Survivin inhibition and enhances response to temozolomide. Oncotarget. 2018 Jul 03;9(51):29727-29742 Authors: Bobustuc GC, Kassam AB, Rovin RA, Jeudy S, Smith JS, Isley B, Singh M, Paranjpe A, Srivenugopal KS, Konduri SD Abstract The DNA damage repair enzyme, O6-methylguanine DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) is overexpressed in breast cancer, correlating directly with estrogen receptor (ER) expression and function. In ER negative breast cancer the MGMT promoter is frequently me...
Source: Oncotarget - July 25, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncotarget Source Type: research

PCP4/PEP19 upregulates aromatase gene expression via CYP19A1 promoter I.1 in human breast cancer SK-BR-3 cells.
In this study, we investigated the effects of PCP4/PEP19 on aromatase gene expression in MCF-7 and SK-BR-3 human breast cancer cells. In SK-BR-3 cells but not in MCF-7 cells, PCP4/PEP19 knockdown by siRNA silencing decreased the aromatase expression in gene transcriptional level. When PCP4/PEP19 was overexpressed by CMV promoter-driven PCP4/PEP19 expressing plasmid transfection, aromatase gene transcription increased in SK-BR-3 cells. This aromatase gene transcription is mainly mediated through promoter region PI.1, which is usually active in the placental tissue but not in the breast cancer tissue. These results indicate ...
Source: Oncotarget - July 25, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncotarget Source Type: research

Schlafen 12 Interaction with SerpinB12 and Deubiquitylases Drives Human Enterocyte Differentiation
Conclusions: SLFN12 regulates human enterocytic differentiation by a pathway involving SERPB12, the deubiquitylases, and Cdx2. This pathway may be targeted to manipulate human enterocytic differentiation in mucosal atrophy, short gut or obesity.Cell Physiol Biochem 2018;48:1274 –1290
Source: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry - July 25, 2018 Category: Cytology Source Type: research

Upregulation of RASSF1A in Colon Cancer by Suppression of Angiogenesis Signaling and Akt Activation
Conclusion: Our results demonstrate for the first time that AGP induces RASSF1A expression in colon cancer cells and is dependent on angiogenesis signaling events. Therefore, our research may facilitate novel therapeutic options for advanced colon cancer therapy.Cell Physiol Biochem 2018;48:1259 –1273
Source: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry - July 25, 2018 Category: Cytology Source Type: research

Long non-coding RNA TRPM2-AS as a potential biomarker for hepatocellular carcinoma
ConclusionLong non-coding RNA TRPM2-AS is upregulated in HCC and represents a new biomarker for HCC and the inhibition of TRPM2-AS promotes apoptosis in HCC cells in vitro.
Source: Irish Journal of Medical Science - July 25, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Engineering of budesonide-loaded lipid-polymer hybrid nanoparticles using a quality-by-design approach
This study shows the importance of systematic formulation design for understanding the effect of formulation parameters on the characteristics of LPNs, eventually resulting in the identification of an OOS.Graphical abstract
Source: International Journal of Pharmaceutics - July 25, 2018 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

GSE113923 RNA-dependent epigenetic silencing directs transcriptional down regulation caused by intronic repeat expansions
Contributors : Hannes Eimer ; Sridevi Sureshkumar ; Avilash S Yadav ; Calvin Kraupner-Taylor ; Champa Bandaranayake ; Andrei Seleznev ; Tamblyn Thomason ; Stephen Fletcher ; Stephanie F Gordon ; Bernard J Carroll ; Sureshkumar BalasubramanianSeries Type : Expression profiling by high throughput sequencingOrganism : Arabidopsis thalianaTranscriptional down regulation caused by intronic triplet repeat expansions underlies diseases such as Friedreich?s ataxia. This down regulation of gene expression is coupled with epigenetic changes but the underlying mechanisms are unknown. Here, we show that an intronic TTC/GAA triplet exp...
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - July 25, 2018 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Expression profiling by high throughput sequencing Arabidopsis thaliana Source Type: research

Targeting autophagy by small molecule inhibitors of vacuolar protein sorting 34 (Vps34) improves the sensitivity of breast cancer cells to Sunitinib
In this study we systematically screened a library of 306 known anti-cancer drugs for their ability to induce autophagy using a cell-based assay. 114 of the drugs were classified as autophagy inducers; for 16 drugs, the cytotoxicity was potentiated by siRNA-mediated knock-down of Atg7 and Vps34. These drugs were further evaluated in breast cancer cell lines for autophagy induction, and two tyrosine kinase inhibitors, Sunitinib and Erlotinib, were selected for further studies.
Source: Cancer Letters - July 25, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Matheus Dyczynski, Yasmin Yu, Magdalena Otrocka, Santiago Parpal, Tiago Braga, Aine Brigette Henley, Henric Zazzi, Mikael Lerner, Krister Wennerberg, Jenny Viklund, Jessica Martinsson, Dan Grand ér, Angelo De Milito, Katja Pokrovskaja Tamm Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Glucosamine abrogates the stem cell factor  + endothelin-1-induced stimulation of melanogenesis via a deficiency in MITF expression due to the proteolytic degradation of CREB in human melanocytes
In this study, we characterized the molecular mechanism involved in the anti-melanogenic effects of GlcN using normal human melanocytes (NHMs) in culture. The SE-stimulated gene (12 h) and protein (24 h) expression levels of melanocyte-specific proteins (at the indicated times post-stimulation) were significantly abrogated by pretreatment with GlcN for 72 h. Western blotting analysis of the phosphorylation of intracellular signaling molecules in the MAPK pathway revealed that despite the significantly decreased level of total CREB protein at all times post-stimulat ion, the SE-stimulated phosphorylation of ERK, CREB and...
Source: Archives of Dermatological Research - July 25, 2018 Category: Dermatology Source Type: research

O-deGlcNAcylation is required for Entamoeba histolytica-induced HepG2 cell death
In this study, co-incubation of HepG2 cells with E. histolytica increased DNA fragmentation and LDH release as compared with control cells. Additionally, Gal-lectin-mediated amoebic adherence of live trophozoites to HepG2 cells decreased O-GlcNAcylated protein levels within 5 min. We also observed a rapid decrease in cellular OGT protein level, but not OGA, in HepG2 cells in a contact-dependent manner. Furthermore, HepG2 pretreatment with OGA inhibitors or OGA siRNA prevented E. histolytica-induced O-deGlcNAcylation, DNA fragmentation, and LDH release. Our results suggested that E. histolytica-induced O-deGlcNAcylation i...
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - July 24, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Expression of BANCR promotes papillary thyroid cancer by targeting thyroid stimulating hormone receptor.
Authors: Zheng H, Xu J, Hao S, Liu X, Ning J, Song X, Jiang L, Liu Z Abstract Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is the most common form of non-medullary thyroid cancer, accounting for ~80% of all cases of thyroid cancer. The aim of the present study was to explore the role of BRAF-activated long noncoding RNA (BANCR) in the development of PTC. Using reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR), the mRNA expression levels of BANCR, thyroid-stimulating hormone receptor (TSHR) and cyclin D1 between PTC and benign control thyroid nodule tissue samples from 60 patients were determined. Using RT...
Source: Oncology Letters - July 24, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research

Roles of the MST1-JNK signaling pathway in apoptosis of colorectal cancer cells induced by Taurine.
Authors: Liu Z, Xia Y, Zhang X, Liu L, Tu S, Zhu W, Yu L, Wan H, Yu B, Wan F Abstract The aim of this study was to observe the impact of the mammalian sterile 20-like kinase 1-c-Jun N-terminal kinase (MST1-JNK) signaling pathway on apoptosis in colorectal cancer (CRC) cells induced by Taurine (Tau). Caco-2 and SW620 cells transfected with p-enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP)-MST1 or short interfering RNA (siRNA)-MST1 were treated with Tau for 48 h. Apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry, and the levels of MST1 and JNK were detected by western blotting. Compared with the control group, 80 mM Tau could sig...
Source: Libyan Journal of Medicine - July 24, 2018 Category: General Medicine Tags: Libyan J Med Source Type: research

The prostaglandin EP4 receptor is a master regulator of the expression of PGE2 receptors following inflammatory activation in human monocytic cells
Publication date: Available online 24 July 2018Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Molecular and Cell Biology of LipidsAuthor(s): Alaa Kashmiry, Rothwelle Tate, Giuliana Rotondo, Jillian Davidson, Dino RotondoAbstractProstaglandin E2 (PGE2) is responsible for inflammatory symptoms. However, PGE2 also suppresses pro-inflammatory cytokine production. There are at least 4 subtypes of PGE2 receptors, EP1–EP4, but it is unclear which of these specifically control cytokine production. The aim of this study was to determine which of the different receptors, EP1R–EP4R modulate production of tumor necrosis factor-α (...
Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) Molecular and Cell Biology of Lipids - July 24, 2018 Category: Lipidology Source Type: research

MiR-126-3p inhibits ovarian cancer proliferation and invasion via targeting PLXNB2.
Abstract Ovarian cancer is one of the leading malignancies in women and the 5-year survival rate of ovarian cancer still remains poor. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the interaction between the miR-126-3p and PLXNB2 in the progression of ovarian cancer. The qRT-PCR data revealed a reduction of miR-126-3p level in ovarian cancer tissues comparing to the adjacent normal tissues. Over-expression of miR-126-3p in ovarian cancer cells suppressed cell proliferation and invasion and the phosphorylation of AKT and ERK1/2. The cell cycle assay results showed that the over-expression of miR-126-3p induced cel...
Source: Reproductive Biology - July 24, 2018 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Xiang G, Cheng Y Tags: Reprod Biol Source Type: research

TRIM65 is a potential oncogenic protein via ERK1/2 on Jurkat and Raji cells: a therapeutic target in human lymphoma malignancies.
Abstract In human lung cancer, Tripartite motif 65 (TRIM65) is documented as an important regulator in carcinogenesis. Knockdown of TRIM65 prevents the tumorigenesis of lung cancer cells, while TRIM65 overexpression presents the opposite effect. However, the roles of TRIM65 in human lymphocyte malignancies have reported little. Herein, we found that Jurkat (T-lymphocyte) and Raji (B-lymphocyte) expressed TRIM65. We aimed to investigate whether TRIM65 was a potential oncogenic protein that regulated the tumorigenesis of Jurkat and Raji cells. In our present study, cells were transfected with siRNA-TRIM65 or TRIM65 ...
Source: Cell Biology International - July 24, 2018 Category: Cytology Authors: Wang J, Liang X, Yu T, Xu YL, Xu LH, Zhang XJ, Ma J, Wang YR, He SL Tags: Cell Biol Int Source Type: research

Up-regulation of TRAF2 inhibits chondrocytes apoptosis in lumbar facet joint osteoarthritis.
In conclusion, our results show that the up-regulation of TRAF2 may play an important role in the inhibition of chondrocyte apoptosis of FJOA. PMID: 30054040 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Biochemical and Biophysical Research communications - July 24, 2018 Category: Biochemistry Authors: Jiang J, Zhang J, Wu C, Guo X, Chen C, Bao G, Sun Y, Chen J, Xue P, Xu G, Cui Z Tags: Biochem Biophys Res Commun Source Type: research

The prostaglandin EP4 receptor is a master regulator of the expression of PGE2 receptors following inflammatory activation in human monocytic cells.
Abstract Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) is responsible for inflammatory symptoms. However, PGE2 also suppresses pro-inflammatory cytokine production. There are at least 4 subtypes of PGE2 receptors, EP1-EP4, but it is unclear which of these specifically control cytokine production. The aim of this study was to determine which of the different receptors, EP1R-EP4R modulate production of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in human monocytic cells. Human blood, or the human monocytic cell line THP-1 were stimulated with LPS. The actions of PGE2, alongside both selective agonists of EP1-EP4 receptors, were assessed on LPS-ind...
Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - July 24, 2018 Category: Biochemistry Authors: Kashmiry A, Tate R, Rotondo G, Davidson J, Rotondo D Tags: Biochim Biophys Acta Source Type: research

Heme oxygenase-1 ameliorates oxidative stress-induced endothelial senescence via regulating endothelial nitric oxide synthase activation and coupling.
CONCLUSIONS: HO-1 ameliorated endothelial senescence through enhancing eNOS activation and defending eNOS uncoupling, suggesting that HO-1 is a potential target for treating endothelial senescence. PMID: 30048241 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Aging - July 24, 2018 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Luo W, Wang Y, Yang H, Dai C, Hong H, Li J, Liu Z, Guo Z, Chen X, He P, Li Z, Li F, Jiang J, Liu P, Li Z Tags: Aging (Albany NY) Source Type: research

Trefoil factor 1 inhibits epithelial-mesenchymal transition of pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasm
This study indicates that the acquisition of TFF1 expression is an early event in pancreatic carcinogenesis and that TFF1 might act as a tumor suppressor to prevent EMT and the invasive transformation of PanIN.
Source: Journal of Clinical Investigation - July 23, 2018 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Junpei Yamaguchi, Yukihiro Yokoyama, Toshio Kokuryo, Tomoki Ebata, Atsushi Enomoto, Masato Nagino Source Type: research

Metformin Alleviates Radiation-Induced Skin Fibrosis via the Downregulation of FOXO3
Conclusions: The results indicated that metformin suppresses radiation-induced skin injuries by modulating the expression of FOXO3 through PIK3r1. Collectively, the data obtained in this study suggested that metformin could be a potent therapeutic agent for alleviating radiation-induced skin fibrosis.Cell Physiol Biochem 2018;48:959 –970
Source: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry - July 23, 2018 Category: Cytology Source Type: research

RANK Deficiency Ameliorates Podocyte Injury by Suppressing Calcium/Calcineurin/ NFATc1 Signaling
Conclusion: Our findings demonstrated that RANK deficiency ameliorates podocyte injury by suppressing calcium/calcineurin/NFATc1 signaling, which may present a promising target for therapeutic intervention.Kidney Blood Press Res 2018;43:1149 –1159
Source: Kidney and Blood Pressure Research - July 23, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

ASAP Thiol-Epoxy “Click” Chemistry to Engineer Cytocompatible PEG-Based Hydrogel for siRNA-Mediated Osteogenesis of hMSCs
ACS Applied Materials& InterfacesDOI: 10.1021/acsami.8b07167
Source: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces - July 23, 2018 Category: Materials Science Authors: Cong Truc Huynh, Fangze Liu, Yuxuan Cheng, Katherine A. Coughlin, Eben Alsberg Source Type: research

Development and characterization of a novel cationic PEGylated niosome-encapsulated forms of doxorubicin, quercetin and siRNA for the treatment of cancer by using combination therapy
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Source: Artificial Cells, Blood Substitutes, and Biotechnology - July 23, 2018 Category: Biotechnology Authors: Mahdie Hemati Fateme Haghiralsadat Fatemeh Yazdian Farzaneh Jafari Ali Moradi Zahra Malekpour-Dehkordi Source Type: research

Nicotinamide nucleotide transhydrogenase-mediated redox homeostasis promotes tumor growth and metastasis in gastric cancer
In this study, we found that overexpression of nicotinamide nucleotide transhydrogenase (NNT) was associated with shorter overall and disease free survival in gastric cancer. The NNT is considered a key antioxidative enzyme based on its ability to regenerate NADPH from NADH. Knockdown of NNT caused significantly NADPH reduction, induced high levels of ROS and significant cell apoptosis under oxidative stress conditions such as glucose deprival and anoikis. In vivo experiments showed that NNT promoted tumor growth, lung metastasis and peritoneal dissemination of gastric cancer. Moreover, intratumoral injection of NNT siRNA ...
Source: Redox Biology - July 22, 2018 Category: Biology Source Type: research

Ablation of Soluble Epoxide Hydrolase reprogram white fat to beige-like fat through an increase in mitochondrial integrity, HO-1-adiponectin in vitro and in vivo
In this study, we explore the effects of soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) deletion on various aspects of adipocyte-function, including programing for white vs. beige-like fat, and mitochondrial and thermogenic gene-expressions. We further hypothesize that EETs and heme-oxygenase 1 (HO-1) form a synergistic, functional module whose effects on adipocyte and vascular function is greater than the effects of sEH deletion alone. In in vitro studies, we examined the effect of sEH inhibitors on MSC-derived adipocytes. MSC-derived adipocytes exposed to AUDA, an inhibitor of sEH, exhibit an increased number of small and healthy adipo...
Source: Prostaglandins and Other Lipid Mediators - July 22, 2018 Category: Lipidology Source Type: research

Influence of controlled release of resveratrol from electrospun fibers in combination with siRNA on leukemia cells.
In this study, we evaluated the possibility of i) local release of resveratrol from poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) and gelatin (GT) electrospun fibers and ii) combining (i) with siRNA designed to downregulate BCR-ABL pathway on K562 cancer cells. Initially, K562 cell culture experiments were performed using various bolus doses of resveratrol in combination with siRNA for 3 days using a factorial design of experiments approach. Resveratrol content was analyzed using HPLC and cell viability was assessed using Annexin V (Non-viable), and Propidium Iodide (PI) (Necrotic) based flow cytometry. Coaxial electrospun fibers with res...
Source: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences - July 21, 2018 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Al-Attar T, Madihally SV Tags: Eur J Pharm Sci Source Type: research

SiRNA interfering STAT3 enhances DDP sensitivity in cervical cancer cells.
CONCLUSIONS: STAT3 over-expression is associated with DDP resistance in cervical cancer. Decreasing STAT3 can significantly promote the apoptosis of cervical cancer CaSki cells and decrease the DDP resistance. PMID: 30024597 [PubMed - in process]
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - July 20, 2018 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research

siRNA Targeting of the < b > < i > SNCG < /i > < /b > Gene Inhibits the Growth of Gastric Carcinoma SGC7901 Cells in vitro and in vivo < b > < /b > by Downregulating the Phosphorylation of AKT/ERK
The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of synuclein-#x03B3; (SNCG) silencing on gastric cancer SGC7901 cells and to elucidate the associated mechanisms. pGCSIL-lentiviral siRNA targeting of theSNCG gene was employed to inhibitSNCG expression. Several experiments such as quantitative real-time PCR, Western blotting, MTT, colony formation, migration assay, and flow cytometry were performed to investigate the biological behavior of infected SGC7901 cells. BALB/c nude mice were used as tumor xenograft models to assess the effects ofSNCG silencing on tumor growth. Western blot analysis was carried out to determine the...
Source: Cytogenetic and Genome Research - July 20, 2018 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research

Diethylaminoethyl- chitosan as an efficient carrier for siRNA delivery: Improving the condensation process and the nanoparticles properties.
Abstract Chitosan has been indicated as a promising carrier for the preparation of small interfering RNA (siRNA) delivery systems due to its remarkable properties. However, its weak interactions with siRNA molecules makes the condensation of siRNA molecules into nanoparticles difficult. In this work, a non-viral gene delivery system based on diethylaminoethyl chitosan (DEAE-CH) derivatives of varied Mw (25-230 kDa) having a low degree of substitution of 15% was investigated. The presence of secondary and tertiary amino groups strengthened the interaction of siRNA and DEAE-CH derivatives of higher Mw (130 kDa t...
Source: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules - July 18, 2018 Category: Biochemistry Authors: de Souza RHFV, Picola IPD, Shi Q, Petrônio MS, Benderdour M, Fernandes JC, Lima AMF, Martins GO, Junior AMM, de Oliveira Tiera VA, Tiera MJ Tags: Int J Biol Macromol Source Type: research

Micelle-like nanoparticles as siRNA and miRNA carriers for cancer therapy.
Abstract Gene therapy has emerged as an alternative in the treatment of cancer, particularly in cases of resistance to chemo and radiotherapy. Different approaches to deliver genetic material to tumor tissues have been proposed, including the use of small non-coding RNAs due to their multiple mechanisms of action. However, such promise has shown limits in in vivo application related to RNA's biological instability and stimulation of immunity, urging the development of systems able to overcome those barriers. In this review, we discuss the use of RNA interference in cancer therapy with special attention to the role...
Source: Biomedical Microdevices - July 12, 2018 Category: Biomedical Engineering Authors: Costa DF, Torchilin VP Tags: Biomed Microdevices Source Type: research

Nanoscale polyelectrolyte complexes encapsulating mRNA and long-chained siRNA for combinatorial cancer gene therapy
Publication date: 25 August 2018Source: Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, Volume 64Author(s): Myung Goo Kim, Sung Duk Jo, Ji Hoon Jeong, Sun Hwa KimAbstractTo precisely regulate target genes that are abnormally expressed in cancers, we suggest an RNA-mediated multigene targeting system that co-encapsulates siRNA against vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and mRNA encoding phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN). Polymerized long-chain siRNAs (L-siRNAs) formed stable and condensed nanocomplexes with mRNAs using thiolated glycol chitosans (tGCs) as gene carriers. The mRNA/L-siRNA/tGC nanocomplexes (MSNs) ...
Source: Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry - July 11, 2018 Category: Chemistry Source Type: research

Cellular uptake mechanism and comparative in vitro cytotoxicity studies of monomeric LMWP-siRNA conjugate
Publication date: 25 July 2018Source: Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, Volume 63Author(s): Junxiao Ye, Xing Pei, Hui Cui, Zhili Yu, Hyukjin Lee, Jianxin Wang, Xu Wang, Lu Sun, Huining He, Victor C. YangAbstractThe covalent attachment of CPPs to siRNA molecules offers great potential for CPP-mediated siRNA delivery. We recently reported a concise and high-yield synthesis strategy of the cell-permeable, cytosol-dissociable LMWP-siRNA covalent conjugate. Herein, cell uptake mechanism and cellular toxicity studies of this conjugate were performed to evaluate the potential of LMWP-siRNA conjugate for clinical tr...
Source: Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry - July 11, 2018 Category: Chemistry Source Type: research

Potential of siRNA-albumin complex against cancer
Publication date: Available online 27 April 2018Source: Chemico-Biological InteractionsAuthor(s): Na Liu, Yan-Hua Qi, Chuan-Tao Cheng, Wen Bin Yang, Anshoo Malhotra, Qi ZhouAbstractRNA interference is a highly specific as well as efficient technology for gene therapy application in molecular oncology. The present study was planned to develop an efficient and stable tumor selective delivery mechanism for siRNA gene therapy for the purpose of both diagnosis as well as therapy. We have used 20 Male wistar rats for the formation of colon cancer model and utilized albumin as carrier molecule for the delivery of siRNA against va...
Source: Chemico Biological Interactions - July 11, 2018 Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research

Evaluation of siRNA and Cationic Liposomes Complexes as a Model for in vitro siRNA Delivery to Cancer Cells
This study aims to investigate the effect of different molar charge ratios (R+/-) between positive charges from microfluidics-produced cationic liposomes (CL) (egg phosphatidylcholine, 1,2-dioleoyl-3-trimethylammonium-propane and 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine) and negative charges from siRNA and on physico-chemical and morphological properties of the lipoplexes (CL/siRNA) as well as their in vitro luciferase silencing effect in HeLa cells. R+/- 3.27 was found to be the optimum point for complexation. This finding was confirmed by gel retardation and siRNA accessibility assays. According to Cryo-TEM analysis...
Source: Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects - July 11, 2018 Category: Chemistry Source Type: research

AMF siRNA treatment of keloid through inhibition signaling pathway of RhoA/ROCK1
In conclusion, AMF siRNA is expected to be a novel strategy to treat KD by inhibiting signaling pathway of RhoA/ROCK1.
Source: Genes and Diseases - July 10, 2018 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research