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Norovirus Outbreak Can Spread to EMTs and Paramedics
Staff at a local assisted living facility begins to notice increased incidence of vomiting, nausea and diarrhea among its residents. ALS ambulances are called to transport seven patients, with several other BLS transports completed by private ambulance companies. Your partner participates in four separate patient transports from the facility. Two of these patients are actively vomiting, a third is complaining of abdominal pain without vomiting, and a fourth suffered a ground-level fall. The vomiting patient is unable to ambulate to the stretcher and is lifted with cross-chest method, so your partner's face, nose and mouth ...
Source: JEMS Patient Care - August 30, 2016 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Christine McGuire-Wolfe, PhD, CIC, CPH, EMT-P Tags: Patient Care Source Type: news

[This Week in Science] New insights into norovirus entry
Author: Kristen L. Mueller (Source: ScienceNOW)
Source: ScienceNOW - August 26, 2016 Category: Science Authors: Kristen L. Mueller Tags: Virology Source Type: news

[Report] Discovery of a proteinaceous cellular receptor for a norovirus
Noroviruses (NoVs) are a leading cause of gastroenteritis globally, yet the host factors required for NoV infection are poorly understood. We identified host molecules that are essential for murine NoV (MNoV)–induced cell death, including CD300lf as a proteinaceous receptor. We found that CD300lf is essential for MNoV binding and replication in cell lines and primary cells. Additionally, Cd300lf−/− mice are resistant to MNoV infection. Expression of CD300lf in human cells breaks the species barrier that would otherwise restrict MNoV replication. The crystal structure of the CD300lf ectodomain reveals a potential liga...
Source: ScienceNOW - August 26, 2016 Category: Science Authors: Robert C. Orchard Source Type: news

NIH-supported researchers develop novel system to grow norovirus in intestinal cells
(NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases) Researchers have succeeded in culturing norovirus in human intestinal cells, a breakthrough that could help scientists develop novel therapeutics and vaccines against the debilitating effects of the virus. Intestinal cells are the natural site of norovirus infection, a leading cause of foodborne illness that is highly contagious and can produce sudden onset stomach pain, nausea, diarrhea and vomiting. The virus spreads easily in closed and crowded environments such as hospitals, schools and cruise ships. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - August 25, 2016 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

How norovirus gets inside cells: New clues
Researchers have identified the protein that norovirus uses to invade cells. Norovirus is the most common viral cause of diarrhea worldwide, but scientists still know little about how it infects people and causes disease because the virus grows poorly in the lab. The discovery, in mice, provides new ways to study a virus notoriously hard to work with and may lead to treatments or a vaccine. (Source: ScienceDaily Headlines)
Source: ScienceDaily Headlines - August 18, 2016 Category: Science Source Type: news

New clues found to how 'cruise-ship' virus gets inside cells
(Washington University School of Medicine) Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have identified the protein that norovirus uses to invade cells. Norovirus is the most common viral cause of diarrhea worldwide, but scientists still know little about how it infects people and causes disease because the virus grows poorly in the lab. The discovery, in mice, provides new ways to study a virus notoriously hard to work with and may lead to treatments or a vaccine. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - August 18, 2016 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

7 Infections Athletes Could Get From Rio's Contaminated Waters
By: Rachael Rettner, Senior Writer Published: 08/03/2016 06:02 PM EDT on LiveScience The coastal waters around Rio de Janeiro, where many Olympic water competitions will soon take place, are reportedly teeming with harmful viruses and bacteria. So what illnesses might people catch if they swallow some of the water? If the water has been contaminated with raw sewage, as has been reported, then a number of common pathogens could be lurking there and make people ill, experts say. “There are many types of microbes in raw sewage that have the potential to cause human disease,” said Stephen Morse, a professor of epid...
Source: Science - The Huffington Post - August 5, 2016 Category: Science Source Type: news

Vaxart begins Phase I trial of oral norovirus tablet vaccine
US-based, clinical-stage biotechnology company Vaxart has begun the Phase I clinical trial of the oral norovirus tablet vaccine. (Source: Drug Development Technology)
Source: Drug Development Technology - August 3, 2016 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

VIRUS PLUS (Influenzinum (2015-2016), Adenoviren Nosode, Herpes Simplex 1 Nosode, Herpes Simplex 2 Nosode, Cytomegalovirus Nosode, Epstein-Barr Virus Nosode, Hepatitis B Nosode, Norovirus Nosode) Liquid [Deseret Biologicals, Inc.]
Updated Date: Jul 27, 2016 EST (Source: DailyMed Drug Label Updates)
Source: DailyMed Drug Label Updates - July 27, 2016 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: news

10 Ludicrous Things Republicans Have Actually Said About Health
This week’s Republican National Convention has resembled nothing so much as a circus sideshow. There was the norovirus outbreak among California staffers, a plagiarized speech delivered by the potential first lady of the United States, and even a moment when former Republican presidential candidate Ben Carson linked Hillary Clinton to Lucifer. As wacky as the RNC seems, it’s only the latest example of Republican leaders’ willingness to venture into the realm of the imagination. When it comes to nearly every aspect of health, for instance, from health care to women’s issues to vaccines to mental heal...
Source: Science - The Huffington Post - July 21, 2016 Category: Science Source Type: news

California staffers at GOP convention suspected of contracting norovirus: Here's what it does
At least a dozen GOP staffers from California ’s delegation to the Republican National Convention in Cleveland this week experienced vomiting, cramps and diarrhea, and the dreaded norovirus has been blamed for their gastrointestinal misery. Erie County Health Department officials were   called to... (Source: Los Angeles Times - Science)
Source: Los Angeles Times - Science - July 21, 2016 Category: Science Authors: Melissa Healy Source Type: news

Norovirus strikes the Republican National Convention, infects 13 California GOP staffers
CLEVELAND — A terrifying word circulated Tuesday at the Republican National Convention: norovirus. A dozen staffers in the California delegation who had arrived in Cleveland early had fallen ill with the extremely contagious virus, California GOP chairman Jim Brulte said Tuesday. The virus causes extreme vomiting and diarrhea and has been known to spread explosively through people […] (Source: Washington Post: To Your Health)
Source: Washington Post: To Your Health - July 21, 2016 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Joel Achenbach, Elahe Izadi and Ed O'Keefe Tags: health Source Type: news

California GOP delegates suspected of contracting norovirus: Here's what it does
At least a dozen GOP staffers from California’s delegation to the Republican National Convention in Cleveland are experiencing vomiting, cramps and diarrhea, and the dreaded norovirus is tentatively being blamed for their gastrointestinal misery. Erie County Health Department officials have been... (Source: Los Angeles Times - Science)
Source: Los Angeles Times - Science - July 20, 2016 Category: Science Authors: Melissa Healy Source Type: news

Norovirus strikes the RNC
Delegates are being advised to wash their hands frequently, avoid shaking hands and not to share food (Source: Health News: CBSNews.com)
Source: Health News: CBSNews.com - July 20, 2016 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Health Highlights: July 20, 2016
Here are some of the latest health and medical news developments, compiled by the editors of HealthDay: Norovirus Hits Republican Convention Delegation Staffers Norovirus has erupted among staff members of the California delegation at the Republican... (Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews)
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - July 20, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: news

Norovirus strikes the Republican National Convention
CLEVELAND -- A terrifying word circulated Tuesday at the Republican National Convention: norovirus. A dozen staffers in the California delegation who had arrived in Cleveland early have fallen ill with the extremely contagious virus, California GOP chairman Jim Brulte said. The virus causes extreme vomiting and diarrhea and has been known to spread explosively through people […] (Source: Washington Post: To Your Health)
Source: Washington Post: To Your Health - July 20, 2016 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Joel Achenbach, Elahe Izadi and Ed O'Keefe Tags: health Source Type: news

California RNC delegates come down with norovirus
Nearly a dozen members of the California delegation at the Republican National Convention are showing symptoms of a norovirus. (Source: WDSU.com - Health)
Source: WDSU.com - Health - July 20, 2016 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

10 Organizers for the RNC Hit With Norovirus in Cleveland
Health dept. believes they were infected in California. (Source: ABC News: Health)
Source: ABC News: Health - July 19, 2016 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Health Source Type: news

Gastrointestinal Outbreak Spreads Among Californian GOP Staffers At RNC
function onPlayerReadyVidible(e){'undefined'!=typeof HPTrack&&HPTrack.Vid.Vidible_track(e)}!function(e,i){if(e.vdb_Player){if('object'==typeof commercial_video){var a='',o='m.fwsitesection='+commercial_video.site_and_category;if(a+=o,commercial_video['package']){var c='&m.fwkeyvalues=sponsorship%3D'+commercial_video['package'];a+=c}e.setAttribute('vdb_params',a)}i(e.vdb_Player)}else{var t=arguments.callee;setTimeout(function(){t(e,i)},0)}}(document.getElementById('vidible_1'),onPlayerReadyVidible); A gastrointestinal outbreak that could be norovirus has spread to almost a dozen GOP staffers from California at the ...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - July 19, 2016 Category: Consumer Health Advice Source Type: news

Several Republican delegates dealing with norovirus
Eleven members of the planning team for the California delegation to the Republican convention were recovering Tuesday from a bout of norovirus, or what's commonly known as stomach flu, health officials said. No delegates appeared to be affected. (Source: CBC | Health)
Source: CBC | Health - July 19, 2016 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: News/World Source Type: news

VIRUS PLUS (Influenzinum (2015-2016), Adenoviren Nosode, Herpes Simplex 1, Herpes Simplex 2, Cytomegalovirus Nosode, Epstein-Barr Virus Nosode, Hepatitis B Nosode, Norovirus Nosode) Liquid [Deseret Biologicals, Inc.]
Updated Date: Jul 8, 2016 EST (Source: DailyMed Drug Label Updates)
Source: DailyMed Drug Label Updates - July 8, 2016 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: news

Children's plastic toys can 'harbour viruses for hours'
Conclusion This laboratory research assessed the survival of a single type of bacteria-infecting virus on a plastic toy at 22C and two different humidity levels. The bacteriophage Φ6 virus was chosen to be representative of influenza and other enveloped viruses, and indicated how they would survive under the same conditions. Certain characteristics of the bacteriophage, though, make it easier to study than the actual viruses. The 40% humidity was meant to be typical of indoor environments. The researchers found that even at this humidity, it may take up to two hours to achieve a 99.9% reduction in levels of infectious vi...
Source: NHS News Feed - June 27, 2016 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Pregnancy/child Source Type: news

US NHRC commences clinical trial of norovirus vaccine at RTC
The US Naval Health Research Centre (NHRC) has launched a clinical trial at Recruit Training Command (RTC) in a bid to assess the effectiveness of the first norovirus vaccine in reducing outbreaks of acute gastroenteritis. (Source: Pharmaceutical Technology)
Source: Pharmaceutical Technology - June 22, 2016 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

Takeda doses first patient in Phase IIb trial of TAK-214 to treat norovirus infection
Japanese-based pharmaceutical company Takeda has commenced the Phase IIb field trial of its norovirus vaccine candidate TAK-214 by dosing the first patient. (Source: Drug Development Technology)
Source: Drug Development Technology - June 22, 2016 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

A Guide to Safety on the Appalachian Trail
“You would think it would be things like wildlife, raging rivers and stuff like that,” an official says. But you should worry about little things like ticks. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - May 27, 2016 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: MIKE McPHATE Tags: Travel and Vacations Hikes and Hiking Animals Lightning Hygiene and Cleanliness Lyme Disease Norovirus National Parks, Monuments and Seashores National Park Service Largay, Geraldine (1946-2013) Appalachian Trail Maine Source Type: news

[Feature] The Truest Test
Over the past few years, there has been a surge in studies that intentionally infect volunteers with a wide variety of pathogens to test novel drugs and vaccines. The so-called "human challenge model" has a long and checkered past that began with 18th century experiments by smallpox vaccine developer Edward Jenner and later fell under intense scrutiny when they were conducted by Nazi doctors, military researchers, and academic scientists working with prisoners. Today, challenge experiments follow strict ethical guidelines, minimize risks to volunteers at every turn, and face increased scrutiny from regulatory agencies. The...
Source: ScienceNOW - May 20, 2016 Category: Science Authors: Jon Cohen Source Type: news

Quarter of passengers on British cruise ship fall sick with norovirus
(Reuters) - A stomach bug causing vomiting and diarrhea has spread to more than a quarter of the 919 passengers aboard a British cruise ship, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control (CDC) said, as the ship docked in Maine over the weekend. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - May 9, 2016 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

Hundreds suffer vomiting bug on UK ship
Hundreds of passengers on a British cruise ship docked in the US have fallen ill with norovirus, health officials say. (Source: BBC News | Health | UK Edition)
Source: BBC News | Health | UK Edition - May 9, 2016 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Passengers on cruise ship docked in Maine may have norovirus
PORTLAND, Maine (AP) — Federal health officials said passengers aboard the first cruise ship to dock in Portland, Maine, this season may have norovirus. (Source: U.S. News - Health)
Source: U.S. News - Health - May 9, 2016 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Hundreds aboard cruise ship sick with norovirus
More than 200 passengers on a British cruise ship have fallen ill with the gastrointestinal condition norovirus, the CDC reported. (Source: WDSU.com - Health)
Source: WDSU.com - Health - May 9, 2016 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Norovirus costs $60 billion worldwide, making inroads in U.S.
The global economic impact of norovirus is roughly $60 billion in societal costs and $4 billion in direct health care costs per year, according to an simulation model analysis. Most of the costs... (Source: Pediatric News)
Source: Pediatric News - April 30, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: news

Passengers quarantined for norovirus on cruise ship
Seventeen percent of passengers have reported being ill, mostly with vomiting and diarrhea, since the voyage began (Source: Health News: CBSNews.com)
Source: Health News: CBSNews.com - April 29, 2016 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Norovirus sickens scores on Fred. Olsen cruise ship -U.S. agency
(Reuters) - An outbreak of the norovirus stomach bug has sickened 160 people aboard a Fred. Olsen Cruise Lines ship docked at Norfolk, Virginia, U.S. health officials and the company said on Friday. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - April 29, 2016 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

Norovirus costs billions of dollars globally each year
Health care and loss of productivity costs associated with the highly contagious stomach bug add up, new research shows (Source: Health News: CBSNews.com)
Source: Health News: CBSNews.com - April 27, 2016 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Norovirus a costly bug
HealthDay News The stomach bug norovirus sickens nearly 700 million people worldwide annually and costs health care systems more than $4 billion a year, researchers report. (Source: Health News - UPI.com)
Source: Health News - UPI.com - April 26, 2016 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Norovirus Costs Over $60 Billion Each Year
With the release of the PLOS (Public Library of Medicine) collection of studies on norovirus, now we have a much better idea of the impact of norovirus...and it may be much bigger than you may think. (Source: Forbes.com Healthcare News)
Source: Forbes.com Healthcare News - April 26, 2016 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Bruce Y. Lee Source Type: news

Norovirus a Costly Bug
It sickens nearly 700 million people worldwide each year, costs $4 billion to treat, study saysSource: HealthDay Related MedlinePlus Page: Norovirus Infections (Source: MedlinePlus Health News)
Source: MedlinePlus Health News - April 26, 2016 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Norovirus a Costly Bug
TUESDAY, April 26, 2016 -- The stomach bug norovirus sickens nearly 700 million people worldwide annually and costs health care systems more than $4 billion a year, researchers report. And when lost productivity and other societal costs are... (Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews)
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - April 26, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: news

The high cost of norovirus worldwide
(Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health) While norovirus is often linked in the news to outbreaks on cruise ships, the highly contagious stomach bug sickens nearly 700 million around the world every year and results in roughly $4.2 billion in health care costs and $60.3 billion in societal costs annually, new Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health research suggests. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - April 26, 2016 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

The $60 billion question -- can we prevent norovirus?
(PLOS) Each year, norovirus causes over 200,000 deaths and a global economic burden of $60 billion. In a new PLOS Collection -- 'The Global Burden of Norovirus & Prospects for Vaccine Development' -- global norovirus experts fill critical knowledge gaps and provide key information to further development of a much-needed vaccine. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - April 26, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

University of Rochester: 88 People Fall Ill With Norovirus Symptoms
The source of the outbreak hasn't been identified. (Source: U.S. News - Health)
Source: U.S. News - Health - April 14, 2016 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

VIRUS PLUS (Influenzinum, Adenoviren Nosode, Herpes Simplex 1, Herpes Simplex 2, Cytomegalovirus Nosode, Epstein-Barr Virus Nosode, Hepatitis B Nosode, Norovirus) Liquid [Deseret Biologicals, Inc.]
Updated Date: Apr 8, 2016 EST (Source: DailyMed Drug Label Updates)
Source: DailyMed Drug Label Updates - April 8, 2016 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: news

Trump Is Right About One Thing: Shaking Hands Is Kinda Gross
Donald Trump is a serial liar, rampant xenophobe, racist, misogynist, birther and... germaphobe? The Republican front-runner has called himself a "clean hands freak" and has referred to hand-shaking as "one of the curses of American society," according to The Washington Post. In fact, Trump doesn't even like to push a ground floor elevator button, according to Mother Jones, because it has been touched by so many others. But what really is germaphobia, scientifically speaking -- and is Trump right to be grossed out by other people's hands?  Germaphobia, also known by the medical term ...
Source: Science - The Huffington Post - April 7, 2016 Category: Science Source Type: news

Trump Is Right About One Thing: Shaking Hands Is Kinda Gross
Donald Trump is a serial liar, rampant xenophobe, racist, misogynist, birther and... germaphobe? The Republican front-runner has called himself a "clean hands freak" and has referred to hand-shaking as "one of the curses of American society," according to The Washington Post. In fact, Trump doesn't even like to push a ground floor elevator button, according to Mother Jones, because it has been touched by so many others. But what really is germaphobia, scientifically speaking -- and is Trump right to be grossed out by other people's hands?  Germaphobia, also known by the medical term ...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - April 7, 2016 Category: Consumer Health Advice Source Type: news

Trump Is Right About One Thing: Shaking Hands Is Kinda Gross
Donald Trump is a serial liar, rampant xenophobe, racist, misogynist, birther and... germaphobe? The Republican front-runner has called himself a "clean hands freak" and has referred to hand-shaking as "one of the curses of American society," according to The Washington Post. In fact, Trump doesn't even like to push a ground floor elevator button, according to Mother Jones, because it has been touched by so many others. But what really is germaphobia, scientifically speaking -- and is Trump right to be grossed out by other people's hands?  Germaphobia, also known by the medical term ...
Source: Science - The Huffington Post - April 7, 2016 Category: Science Source Type: news

Climate Change Will Make Us Sicker And Make Our Food Less Nutritious
WASHINGTON -- Climate change will likely have dramatic effects on the physical and mental health of the U.S. population, worsening everything from the quality of our food to the severity of fires and floods in populated areas, according to a report from federal agencies released Monday. The U.S. Global Change Research Program's assessment identifies a number of ways by which global climate change is expected to pose a direct health risk to people in the U.S. and around the world. Gina McCarthy, administrator of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, said the report is meant to highlight that climate is "not ju...
Source: Science - The Huffington Post - April 4, 2016 Category: Science Source Type: news

Climate Change Will Make Us Sicker And Make Our Food Less Nutritious
WASHINGTON -- Climate change will likely have dramatic effects on the physical and mental health of the U.S. population, worsening everything from the quality of our food to the severity of fires and floods in populated areas, according to a report from federal agencies released Monday. The U.S. Global Change Research Program's assessment identifies a number of ways by which global climate change is expected to pose a direct health risk to people in the U.S. and around the world. Gina McCarthy, administrator of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, said the report is meant to highlight that climate is "not ju...
Source: Science - The Huffington Post - April 4, 2016 Category: Science Source Type: news

Vomiting and Viruses
RALEIGH, N.C. (Ivanhoe Newswire) -- As many as 21 million people a year are sickened by the norovirus. But as contagious as it is, there are still a lot of questions surrounding how it’s transmitted. We know it is shed in fecal matter, but when someone with the norovirus vomits, do they release the virus into the air, and is it able to float around? In order to answer those questions, researchers built a vomiting device. (Source: Medical Headlines From Ivanhoe.com)
Source: Medical Headlines From Ivanhoe.com - March 22, 2016 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Scientific snapshot: a Tuesday in the life of a university scientist
The scientist’s lot is a mixed one: every day is different, even if every day is judgment dayThe radio clicks on at 6 am and I lie in bed snoozing for about forty-five minutes. I find that’s the least problematic way to absorb the Today programme on Radio 4. I shower and gobble a bowl of cereal. A bus, a train, a tube, and an hour later I am in my office at the university, attacking email.After email I check through my to-do list for the day, drafted on the way to work. I have thirty-minutes before my first appointment and sketch out headings for my presentation at a norovirus conference in Germany next week. The tempt...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - March 16, 2016 Category: Science Authors: Stephen Curry Tags: Science Higher education Source Type: news

Cleanup of Massachusetts Chipotle complete after norovirus scare
BILLERICA, Mass./LOS ANGELES (Reuters) - Chipotle Mexican Grill Inc received praise for its handling of potential norovirus infections at a Boston-area restaurant, as sick employees stayed home and the burrito chain quickly cleaned the restaurant. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - March 10, 2016 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news