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Is a liveable city a healthy city? Health impacts of urban and transport planning in Vienna, Austria - Khomenko S, Nieuwenhuijsen M, Ambros A, Wegener S, Mueller N.
Each year, The Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) computes the Global Liveability Index and determines the most liveable cities around the world. Vienna, Austria, was ranked by the EIU as the most liveable city worldwide in 2018 and 2019. However, the relat...
Source: SafetyLit - February 20, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Community-Based Prevention Source Type: news

Post-Neoadjuvant Treatment MRI Based AI System to Predict pCR for Rectal Cancer
Condition:   Rectal Cancer Interventions:   Procedure: the artificial intelligence;   Procedure: the radiologists Sponsors:   Sixth Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University;   Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital;   The Third Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical College. Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - February 20, 2020 Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials

3:27 PM Abstract No. 293 Effectiveness of a deep convolutional neural network in the identification of major vascular structures during digital subtraction angiography
With the increasing use of artificial intelligence (AI) and deep convolutional neural networks (DCNN) to accurately identify images in radiology, this technology has the potential to assist the interventional radiologist in real time during digital subtraction angiography (DSA) to identify pathology intraoperatively. DSA poses unique challenges to existing DCNNs, namely the apparent similarity of vascular beds, motion artifacts, and anatomy variability. As such, the ability of DCNN to identify major vascular structures on DSA is unknown.
Source: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology : JVIR - February 20, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: R. England, A. Arun, F. Hui Tags: Scientific Session 32 Source Type: research

Abstract No. 478 Feasibility of artificial intelligence detection and classification of inferior vena cava filters on x-ray imaging
To assess the feasibility of deep learning detection and classification of three retrievable IVC filters with similar radiographic appearances using the fast.ai library, and to visualize feature detection with saliency maps
Source: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology : JVIR - February 20, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: B. Park, S. Stavropoulos, T. Cook, G. Nadolski, T. Gade, S. Hunt Tags: Scientific e-Poster Source Type: research

Evaluation of an AI-based, automatic coronary artery calcium scoring software
ConclusionsThere was an excellent correlation and agreement between the automatic software and the semi-automatic software for three CAC scores and the number of calcified lesions. Risk category classification was accurate but showing an overestimation bias tendency. Also, the automatic method was less time-demanding.Key Points• Coronary artery calcium (CAC) scoring is an excellent candidate for artificial intelligence (AI) development in a clinical setting.• An AI-based, automatic software obtained CAC scores with excellent correlation and agreement compared with a conventional method but was less time-consuming.
Source: European Radiology - February 20, 2020 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

AI in Anesthesiology: Techniques, Applications, and Limitations AI in Anesthesiology: Techniques, Applications, and Limitations
This article explores how artificial intelligence is currently being applied in anesthesia research. What contributions might AI make to the clinical practice of anesthesiology?Anesthesiology
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - February 20, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Anesthesiology Journal Article Source Type: news

Research Techniques Made Simple: Deep  Learning for the Classification of Dermatological Images
Deep learning is a branch of artificial intelligence that uses computational networks inspired by the human brain to extract patterns from raw data. Development and application of deep learning methods for image analysis, including classification, segmentation, and restoration, have accelerated in the last decade. These tools have been progressively incorporated into several research fields, opening new avenues in the analysis of biomedical imaging. Recently, the application of deep learning to dermatological images has shown great potential.
Source: Journal of Investigative Dermatology - February 20, 2020 Category: Dermatology Authors: Marta Cullell-Dalmau, Marta Otero-Vi ñas, Carlo Manzo Tags: Research Techniques Made Simple Source Type: research

Shared systems enable digital pathology deployments: Part 1
Getting the go-ahead for a digital pathology system is a challenge due to cost....Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: The 2019 PACSman Awards: All about AI Video from RSNA 2019: The PACSman takes on artificial intelligence RSNA's AI Showcase provides a deep experience Practical Considerations of AI: Part 6 -- Ready, fire, aim Practical Considerations of AI: Part 5 -- Reality check
Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines - February 20, 2020 Category: Radiology Source Type: news

Viz.ai debuts new stroke care AI platform
Artificial intelligence (AI) software developer Viz.ai has launched a new AI...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: Medtronic, Viz.ai team up on stroke care Viz.ai adds $21M in new funding FDA OK's Viz.ai's CT software FDA clears Viz.ai's stroke detection software
Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines - February 20, 2020 Category: Radiology Source Type: news

Carestream Dental Introduces Digital Dentistry Difference Education Campaign
Initiative will transform public understanding and conversation about dental tech; updated Carestream Dental branding reinforces digital focusCHICAGO—Carestream Dental, an industry-leading provider of integrated digital dental solutions, introduced its Digital Dentistry Difference public education campaign today at the Chicago Dental Society Midwinter Meeting. Through this campaign, the company will directly educate consumers about the benefits of digital dentistry and will arm doctors with resources to prompt conversation with their patients, solving a significant awareness gap that research suggests is harmin...
Source: Dental Technology Blog - February 20, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: news

MEMEX project will help the inclusion of endangered communities
(Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia - IIT) The MEMEX European project will develop artificial intelligence and augmented reality technologies able to help the social inclusion of people who risk of being marginalized, by promoting their stories. The project, which is embodied by a new app, is to be tested in Paris' most vulnerable residents of the 19th district, in Barcelona by migrant women, and in Lisbon by the communities originated from the first immigrations to Portugal.
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - February 20, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Finding new clues to brain cancer treatment
(Case Western Reserve University) Researchers at Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine and Cleveland Clinic new discovered a more accurate way to determine the relative life expectancy of glioblastoma victims and identify who could be candidates for experimental clinical drug trials by blending information from Artificial Intelligence (AI)--in this case, computer image analysis of the initial MRI scans taken of brain cancer patients--and genomic research.
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - February 20, 2020 Category: Biology Source Type: news

New artificial intelligence algorithm better predicts corn yield
(University of Illinois College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences) With some reports predicting the precision agriculture market will reach $12.9 billion by 2027, there is an increasing need to develop sophisticated data-analysis solutions that can guide management decisions in real time. A new study from an interdisciplinary research group at University of Illinois offers a promising approach to efficiently and accurately process precision ag data.
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - February 20, 2020 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Plasma BNP Levels and Diuretics Use as Predictors of Cardiovascular Events in Patients with Myocardial Infarction and Impaired Glucose Tolerance
ConclusionsIn patients with MI and IGT, high plasma BNP levels predicted the occurrence of coronary stenosis, recurrent MI, and worsening of HF, whereas diuretic use did not predict the progression of coronary stenosis but non-fatal MI and worsening of HF.
Source: Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy - February 20, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Sensors, Vol. 20, Pages 1176: Resource Usage and Performance Trade-offs for Machine Learning Models in Smart Environments
oosen The application of artificial intelligence enhances the ability of sensor and networking technologies to realize smart systems that sense, monitor and automatically control our everyday environments. Intelligent systems and applications often automate decisions based on the outcome of certain machine learning models. They collaborate at an ever increasing scale, ranging from smart homes and smart factories to smart cities. The best performing machine learning model, its architecture and parameters for a given task are ideally automatically determined through a hyperparameter tuning process. At the same time, edge...
Source: Sensors - February 20, 2020 Category: Biotechnology Authors: Davy Preuveneers Ilias Tsingenopoulos Wouter Joosen Tags: Article Source Type: research

Neural Oscillatory Dynamics Serving Abstract Reasoning Reveal Robust Sex Differences in Typically-Developing Children and Adolescents
Publication date: Available online 19 February 2020Source: Developmental Cognitive NeuroscienceAuthor(s): Brittany K. Taylor, Christine M. Embury, Elizabeth Heinrichs-Graham, Michaela R. Frenzel, Jacob A. Eastman, Alex I. Wiesman, Yu-Ping Wang, Vince D. Calhoun, Julia M. Stephen, Tony W. WilsonAbstractFluid intelligence, the ability to problem-solve in novel situations, is linked to higher-order cognitive abilities, and to academic achievement in youth. Previous research has demonstrated that fluid intelligence and the underlying neural circuitry continues to develop throughout adolescence. Neuroimaging studies have predom...
Source: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience - February 19, 2020 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

The Efficiency of Writing Endoscopic Reports by Artificial Intelligence and Physicians: a Randomized Controlled Trial
Condition:   Gastrointestinal Disease Interventions:   Other: AI generated report;   Other: physicians writing report Sponsor:   Shandong University Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - February 19, 2020 Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials

Canon Medical Systems Secures FDA Clearance for Aquilion ONE/PRISM Edition
System integrates artificial intelligence to maximize conventional and spectral CT capabilities.
Source: Diagnostic Imaging - February 19, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Whitney J. Palmer Tags: CT New Products Source Type: news

Malaysian firm offers AI-based profiling of Chinese visitors for virus
Malaysia's MYEG Services Bhd said on Wednesday it had developed a coronavirus risk-profiling system for visitors from China and was offering the artificial intelligence-based service to the governments of Malaysia and the Philippines.
Source: Reuters: Health - February 19, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

AI in radiology? Patients are cautiously optimistic
Patients are optimistic about the use of artificial intelligence (AI) in radiology,...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: AI improves reader performance for ABUS studies AI predicts progression of osteoarthritis on x-rays AI boosts radiologists' mammography performance 14 ways AI can improve the business of radiology
Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines - February 19, 2020 Category: Radiology Source Type: news

Exploring Beyond the Cage
I just read an interesting BBC article about why there are significantly more vegan women than men, which is mostly summarized by this statement at the top: When women hold two incompatible beliefs, they’re more likely to change their behaviour to reconcile them. Men, by comparison, tend to dig themselves in. The article cites a variety of studies that delve into gender differences and how these connect with dietary decisions. Reading it had an odd effect on me, making my vegan side feel good and my male side feel primitive and stupid. While I do consider myself an ethical vegan today, this article reminded me t...
Source: Steve Pavlina's Personal Development Blog - February 19, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Steve Pavlina Tags: Health Lifestyle Values Source Type: blogs

RapidAI debuts technology partner program, API
Artificial intelligence (AI) software developer RapidAI has launched its Rapid...Read more on AuntMinnie.com
Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines - February 19, 2020 Category: Radiology Source Type: news

Latent Risk Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma Susceptible to Adjuvant Treatment After Resection: A Clinical Deep Learning Approach
Conclusions: The AI framework seems promising in the prognostic estimation and stratification of susceptible individuals for adjuvant treatment in patients with ICC after resection. Future prospective validations are needed for the framework to be applied in clinical practice.
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - February 19, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Risk factors for obsessive –compulsive symptoms. Follow-up of a community-based youth cohort
AbstractEnvironmental factors are at least as important as genetic factors for the development of obsessive –compulsive symptoms (OCS), but the identification of such factors remain a research priority. Our study aimed to investigate the association between a broad scope of potential risk factors and OCS in a large community cohort of children and adolescents. We evaluated 1877 participants and their ca regivers at baseline and after 3 years to assess various demographic, prenatal, perinatal, childhood adversity, and psychopathological factors. Mean age at baseline was 10.2 years (SD 1.9) and mean age at follow-up was ...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - February 19, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Efficiency evaluation of reverse osmosis desalination plant using hybridized multilayer perceptron with particle swarm optimization.
Abstract The scarcity of freshwater causes the necessity for water delineation of brackish water. Reverse osmosis (RO) is one of the popular strategies characterized with lower cost and simple processing procedure compared to the other desalination techniques. The current research is conducted to investigate the efficiency the RO process based on one-week advance prediction of total dissolved solids (TDS) and permeate flow rate for Sistan and Bluchistan provinces located in Iran region. The water parameters including pH, feed pressure temperature, and conductivity are used to construct the prediction matrix. A new...
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - February 19, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Ehteram M, Salih SQ, Yaseen ZM Tags: Environ Sci Pollut Res Int Source Type: research

Antivirals in medical biodefense
AbstractThe viruses historically implicated or currently considered as candidates for misuse in bioterrorist events are poxviruses, filoviruses, bunyaviruses, orthomyxoviruses, paramyxoviruses and a number of arboviruses causing encephalitis, including alpha- and flaviviruses. All these viruses are of concern for public health services when they occur in natural outbreaks or emerge in unvaccinated populations. Recent events and intelligence reports point to a growing risk of dangerous biological agents being used for nefarious purposes. Public health responses effective in natural outbreaks of infectious disease may not be...
Source: Virus Genes - February 19, 2020 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research

President ' s Budget Cuts Science
The White House released the President’s Budget Request for fiscal year (FY) 2021 on February 10, 2020. The budget proposes large cuts for science for the fourth consecutive year. The $4.8 trillion budget framework calls for cuts to most federal agencies, including the National Science Foundation (NSF), the National Institutes of Health (NIH), the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). The proposal would provide $1.3 trillion for discretionary programs, including $590 billion for non-defense spending - the source for m...
Source: Public Policy Reports - February 18, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: AIBS Source Type: news

President Proposes Cuts at NSF
The President has proposed a 6.5 percent cut to the National Science Foundation (NSF) in fiscal year (FY) 2021. The science agency is slated to receive $7.7 billion, which is $537 million below the FY 2020 level enacted by Congress. According to the budget proposal, NSF will continue to invest in its Big Ideas and Convergence Accelerator, providing support for “bold inquiries into the frontiers of science and engineering” in order “to break down the silos of conventional scientific research funded by NSF to embrace the cross-disciplinary and dynamic nature of the science of the future.” Among th...
Source: Public Policy Reports - February 18, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: AIBS Source Type: news

NIH Slated for 7 percent Budget Cut
The President has proposed a $38.7 billion budget for the National Institutes of Health in fiscal year (FY) 2021. This translates to a $3 billion or 7 percent cut in the agency’s funding compared to FY 2020. The NIH budget request includes a $50 million initiative to use artificial intelligence (AI) to develop a better understanding of the causes of chronic diseases and to identify early treatments. This plan is in line with the Administration’s “Industries of the Future” effort, which supports using and developing AI across sectors. The budget would provide $50 million for the Childhood Cancer ...
Source: Public Policy Reports - February 18, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: AIBS Source Type: news

DOE Science Budget to Shrink by 17 percent
The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) would receive $35.4 billion in FY 2021, an 8.1 percent decrease from the FY 2020 enacted level of $38.5 billion. Within this request, $5.8 billion (-17 percent) would be directed toward the Office of Science. The Office of Science supports both scientific research and design, development, construction, and operation of scientific user facilities. Approximately 23,000 researchers located at over 300 institutions and the 17 DOE national laboratories are supported by grants from the Office of Science. The budget for the Office of Science includes $475 million for exascale computing, $237 m...
Source: Public Policy Reports - February 18, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: AIBS Source Type: news

AI Finds Connection Between Disease and Genes
Researchers from Linköping University are behind a new study that has used artificial intelligence to investigate whether it is possible to discover biological networks using deep learning, in which entities known as "artificial neural networks" are trained by experimental data. Since artificial neural networks are excellent at learning how to find patterns in enormous amounts of complex data, they are used in applications such as image recognition. However, this machine learning method has until now seldom been used in biological research. "We have for the first time used deep learning to find disease-related...
Source: MDDI - February 18, 2020 Category: Medical Devices Authors: MDDI Staff Tags: Digital Health Source Type: news

Study finds empathy can be detected in people whose brains are at rest
UCLA researchers have found that it is possible to assess a person ’s ability to feel empathy by studying their brain activity while they are resting rather than while they are engaged in specific tasks.  Traditionally, empathy is assessed through the use of questionnaires and psychological assessments. The findings of this study offer an alternative to people who may have difficulty filling out questionnaires, such as people with severe mental illness or autism, said senior author Dr. Marco Iacoboni, professor of psychiatry and biobehavioral sciences at the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA.“Assessing empathy i...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - February 18, 2020 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

Facebook bans deepfakes
Publication date: February 2020Source: Biometric Technology Today, Volume 2020, Issue 2Author(s): Facebook has banned ‘deepfake’ videos, to counter the spread of these misleading images created by artificial intelligence and deep-learning technology.
Source: Biometric Technology Today - February 18, 2020 Category: Information Technology Source Type: research

Radiomics-based Artificial Intelligence System to Predict Neoadjuvant Treatment Response in Rectal Cancer
Condition:   Rectal Cancer Intervention:   Sponsors:   Sixth Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University;   The Third Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical College.;   Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - February 18, 2020 Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials

RadioPathomics Artificial Intelligence Model to Predict Tumor Regression Grading in Locally Advanced Rectal Cancer
Condition:   Rectal Cancer Intervention:   Sponsors:   Sixth Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University;   The Third Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical College.;   Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - February 18, 2020 Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials

Radiomics-based Artificial Intelligence System to Predict Neoadjuvant Treatment Response in Rectal Cancer
Condition:   Rectal Cancer Intervention:   Sponsors:   Sixth Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University;   The Third Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical College.;   Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - February 18, 2020 Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials

RadioPathomics Artificial Intelligence Model to Predict Tumor Regression Grading in Locally Advanced Rectal Cancer
Condition:   Rectal Cancer Intervention:   Sponsors:   Sixth Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University;   The Third Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical College.;   Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - February 18, 2020 Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials

Radiomics-based Artificial Intelligence System to Predict Neoadjuvant Treatment Response in Rectal Cancer
Condition:   Rectal Cancer Intervention:   Sponsors:   Sixth Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University;   The Third Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical College.;   Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - February 18, 2020 Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials

RadioPathomics Artificial Intelligence Model to Predict Tumor Regression Grading in Locally Advanced Rectal Cancer
Condition:   Rectal Cancer Intervention:   Sponsors:   Sixth Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University;   The Third Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical College.;   Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - February 18, 2020 Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials